The Carolina times. (Durham, N.C.) 1919-current, October 09, 1982, Page 10, Image 10
! i 10-THE CAROLINA TIKES-SATURDAY. OCTOBER 9. 1982 V Let's Bring Our Black Talent Home! "BLACK J3 TALENT And AND lJ HOME 4 i ii r j Editorials To Be Equal . . : Great Society or Mean Society; C . By John E. Jacob Executive Director. National Urlxin I eaaue Whatever ones opinion of President Reagan's political prowess or his leader ship performance, history doesn't seem to be his strong point.; I say that because in a recent major address the President gave a history lesson of the 'Great Society that was. seriously mistaken in its reading of the recent past. He suggested that progress for blacks and poor people was being made through 1964, after which the costs of Great Socie ty programs sent the economy into a tailspin worsened by inflation, which lowered the real incomes of poor people. That analysis suggests a lack of familiarity with the Great Society pro grams and with recent economic history. First, we should be very clear about the results of those programs lumped together as "Great Society" programs. They worked. And they worked well. They helped reduce the numbers of those living in poverty by improving education and providing jobs and training opportunities. And they did not cost much. The pro grams targeted to the poor never formed more than a very small part of the federal budget. Interestingly, it was the programs that primarily benefited the non-poor that escalated so sharply. The enormous amounts of the budget defined as "social welfare expenditures" are almost com pletely devoted to such programs as social security and Medicare, whose beneficiaries are mostly non-poor elderly people. Many experts locate , the cause of the economic slide of the seventies in the huge spending associated with the war in Viet nam spending that pulled money out of investments and consumer spending and dumped it into non-productive bat tlefields. .v :,7 :! r"::; :'! ' If the President would take another look at his own budget problems, he might see some similarities to the late 1960s. It is the impact of another huge arms buildup that is breaking the budget, not the relatively modest resources that help poor people survive and invest in human resources. ' . From his speech, it appears the Presi dent thinks the Great Society programs dominated the seventies and were respon sible for the slight increase in the numbers of poor people around 1980. But again, programs targeted fbr the poor throughout the seventies were never a budgetary burden the growth was in programs for the non-poor. Strajige too, that his analysis of rising poverty did not include the oil price hikes of the 1 970s and the decline of major industries in the face of foreign competition. Incidentally, those foreign firms operate in full-fledged welfare states that spend far more of their budgets than we do on social welfare, so it is hard to see the connection between our economic problems and federal social programs. And the Administration would be 11 advised tV claim credit for the recent ; slowdown in inflation rates. The drop in , inflation was bought at the cost of a general recession and ? the highest unemployment in post-war history. ; It's hard to accept the President's faith that all it takes for poverty to be reduced ; is an economic recovery The black ex perience has been that even a general recovery will leave the black unemploy ment rate double the white rate. Meanwhile, the ranks of the poor are growing with a large jump in the past two years. Clearly, the federal budget cuts, concentrated on those programs that benefit the poor most, are in large part responsible for the growth in poverty. The Great Society wasn't just an economic program. It raised moral issues and rekindled America's idealistic spirit. It briefly mobilized the nation behind concerns of fairness and compassion. It embodied civil rights laws that are today being undermined. It is false to suppose that the choice lies between a government that spends on social programs and a government that does not. That choice is really a moral one: between choosing a path of coopera tion and compassion and one of privatism and selfishness. Basically, it comes down to whether we . want to be a Great Society or a Mean Society. An Independent View From Capitol Hill 4. f ? i . ? if We Oughta Be In Movies Congressman Augustus F, Hawkins notes that blacks who are but about 12 of the nation's population constitute about 30 of the movie-going public, and spend about $400 million each year in motion picture theaters. Then he goes oh to decry, the fact that black performers are not getting starring roles, black directors aren't directing, black cinematographers are not operating cameras and black script writers are not writing. Congressman Hawkins concludes that blacks should be m. movies and suggests that black movie-goers should withhold our $400 million until Hollywood flings open the doors and lets us in on a quota basis.; While we agree with Congressman Hawkins conclusion, we wholeheartedly disagree with his method. ifXx. Js We, too, belieVe that blacks ought to be in movies, from in front of the camera to behind it, and every spot in between. But we also believe that we should take our $400 million, with some more thrown in for good measure, and produce our own movies. In other words, black folks should take our movie money and go home. Why let our talent starve to death in Hollywood, or sell themselves to some cheap, degrading, dehumanizing stereotypical role just to get a payday? We should call them home, all of them. We should send the message loud and clear to the actors, ac tresses, cinematographers, producers, directors, writers, etc., to come to us, back home, to the South, to Atlanta, Durham, Charlotte, Birmingham, or wherever, and we will make our own movies. The move would not only be daring, but it would also unleash positive economic repercussions that would ripple throughout the black community. , Our talent, all of it, could work, and they could entertain us with images that we enjoy and agree with, and they could educate white folks that we are not all drug pushers, pimps and other assorted heavies and derelicts. Quite the contrary. There are those of us who are warm, sensitive, concerned, and all those other things. But if that story is told, we must tell it. Businessmen could own theaters, colleges would have legitimate reason to train dramatists, etc. Yes, we ought to be in movies. But they should be our movies, written, produced, directed, cast, reproduced, distributed, etc-, by us, for us. The only thing keeping us from doing it is the silly notion that we've got to support Hollywood in a vain effort to achieve equal opportunity. - ' Poppycock! ; Blacks In Congress By Gus Savage Member of Congress Congress adjourned last week to allow its members time to campaign for re election. Hence, this is my last column un til tht third week in November. Black voters have a great opportunity on November 2 to correct the course of our Ship of State. We constitute more than 20 of the population in 86 of the 435 congressional districts from which na tional representatives will be elected. Moreover, in six of these districts we can elect additional blacks to Congress, bringing the present 18-member Black s Caucus in bc U.S. House of Represerf- tatives to 24. As almost rM of America's population, rightfully we should hold 52 ; seats in the House and 12 in the U.S. Senate. The six opportunities are represented by Robert Clark in Mississippi's 2nd district, around Jackson; Katie Hall in Gary, Indiana; Ken Moseley around Business In The Black Orangeburg, South Carolina; Lucille Pat terson in Dallas, Texas; Edolphus Towns in Brooklyn, New York's 1 1th district; and Alan Wheat in Kansas City, Missouri. All are Democrat nominees in majority Democratic districts, except Patterson, a Republican. Owens and Towns are certain to win because their districts are over whelmingly black. HoweverWheat's 5th district has only 17 black voter registra tion, though reportedly he has wide ap peal among white voters. Moseley is in a predominantly white district and Clark's, I had the pleasure of campaigning for him in the streets of New York, along with Detroit's outstanding Congressman John Conyers. Conyers and Congres sional Black Caucus members Ronald Dellums, of California, Parren Mitchell, of Baltimore, Md., and others - also helped save the two Caucus members who faced the severest primary election challenges resulting from unfair redistric ting: William Clay, of St. Louis, and myself, of Chicago. So, until we meet again in six weeks, via this column, be sure to vote.' The vote is thouoh 54 black in DODulationxis mjuitaJfeur voice! jority white. in registration. j ;js4f$nt just complain from the sidelines Of the black incumbents, all Democrats, only Shirley Chisholm is not standing for re-election. To replace her in Brooklyn's 12th district, a progressive black State Senator, Major Owens, won the Democratic primary week before last. about unemployment and Reaganomics, 364 days a year. On November 2, you can do something concrete to create jobs and curb that congressional majority which empowers the "reverse-Robin Hood" who occupies the White House. Frightened People Plan to Fight Defense Bigots Biggest Business By Charles E. Belle Before the end of the century. Congress and the chief executive of ficer of the nation need not worry about the Communist threat. The fact of the matter is many more minorities will make up the confu sion for world peace. Populous urban areas of the world will no longer reflect the white racial dominancy of the pre sent or past. Putting pressure on the tradi tional old world war powers to play together against the rest of ihc world or develop awesome weapons to win any war. In the year 2000. the world's two most populous urban areas will be in Latin America, according to a United Nations forecast. Figures indicate of the ten largest urban centers, six will be in Asia and none will be in Europe. In 1975, four of these major urban population centers were in ' white-dominated domiciles, while only one . will remain in 18 years. Yesteryears, the world power revolved around events in Europe. Events in Asia and elsewhere will elevate the' eyes, of the lame duck : super powers. "Power con-' cedes nothing without a struggle," said the great black American Frederick Douglass. It will hold true in this technical tousle for "top banana" in this century. Congress and the White House cannot win the battle of the masses minds with bullets, but will give it the all try. To this end, record defense spending and statistical discussions on the tactics of. nuclear versus con ventional armament is the issue of the day. Defense budget in creases are built into the U.S. budget, generating a $100 billion plus deficit. Defense spending is riveted in so soundly it slices off the remaining Health, Transportation, Labor and Social sectors in the budget. Because so many souls are currently out of a job, justice demands a peek at the most potent government agency to deal with delivering jobs, the Labor Department. Do not get your hopes up. The Department of Labor has been at the front lines of the fight of federal agencies to reduce and "contain federal spending," as it is looked upon under the present administration. Last year, the Labor Department was respon sible for $10 billion of (Continued on Page II) L.E. AUSTIN Editor-Publisher 1927-1971 The Carolina Times Position X - Many people have recently asked how we arrive at some of our editorial positions. ; ' The question deserves an answer. Overriding everything we do here are the philosophical parameters, principles and concepts set forth in "Our Creed" written by this newspaper's founder, the late Louis E. Austin, which dictate that we never bow "to the gods of gold and L silver"...thaf we keep "our skirts clean"... that we. "keep the record straight"... that we keep our face "turned toward the enemy"... that we never "allow selfish, little, power-drunk men to use these sacred columns for their own purposes. ' . "These pages", Austin wrote, "constitute a battleground across which the struggle for justice must never cease until every " underprivileged human being in the world has the opportunity to v rise to the fullest capacity with which God has endowed him." ; Generally speaking, the dictates of these parameters are to, be factual, balanced, in good taste and decisive. We will notwaffle on the issues. .,.'' ' More specifically, we've decided to feel good about ourselves and to believe that black people in this country can overcome the . Four Lies of Control, .that we can rise above petty differences,: and that we can succeed without haying to ask permission. : ' We believe that the key to making it in America is planning and execution. That applies to individuals as well as to businesses. Within these parameters, the Editorial Board members discuss individual positions and editorials on three basic levels: is the position philosophically consistent, factually accurate and solution-oriented, rather than just another discussion of the pro blem?;; Pvj;'. .:;:::''-';;.;;A:':-":.f':' We never consider popularity or agreement as we adopt editorial positions. But if you should disagree with a position we take, here are a couple ojthings you can do. . Write a letter )o the editor and sign it. We'll publish it. ' Invite a member of our editarial board to discuss and explain our position more fully to you and anyone else you know who disagrees. "We here at .The Carolina Times have one solemn covenant to keep and that is with the thousands of people in all walks of life who turn to these pages week after week for a breath of truth written by our unshackled pen", Austin wrote. "In keeping such a covenant with our fellowmen we will be keeping faith with our God. For no man . can make or keep a covenant, with God Almighty who cannot keep one with his fellowmen." We intend to remain true to and operate according to that (USPS 091-380) (Mn.) Vivian Austin Edmonds Editor-Publish Kenneth W. Edmonds Gonaral Managor Milton Jordan Exocutiva Editor C. Warran Massenbiirg Advertising Director ' L.M. Austin Production Supervisor Curtis T. Perkins ' Contributing Editor-Foreign Allaire i .. Published every Thursday (dated Saturday) (except the week follow ing Christmas) in Durham. NX., by United Publishers. Incorporated. Mailing address: P.O. Box 3825. Durham. NX. 27702-3825. Office located at 923 Old Fayetteville Street. Durham. N.C. 27701. Second Class Postage paid at Durham. North Carolina 27702. Volume SOumber 40. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to THE CAROLINA TIMES. P.O. Box 3825. Durham. NX. 27702-3825. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: One year. 112.00 (plus 48c sales tax lor North Carolina residents). Single copy 30c. Postal regulations REQUIRE advance payment on subscriptions. Address iH communications and make all checks payable to: THE CAROLINA TIMES. NATIONAL ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVE: Amalgamated Publishers. Inc., 45 West 45th Street. New York, New York 1003B. Member: United Press International Photo Service. National Newspaper Publishers Association, North Carolina Black Publishers Association. Opinions expressed by columnists in this newspaper do not necessarily represent the policy of this newspaper. This newspaper WILL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE for the return of un solicited pictures.