The Carolina times. (Durham, N.C.) 1919-current, December 18, 1982, Page 18, Image 18
The Work Must Continue Locally, the 1932 political campaigns were hard and grueling. Everyone deserved a rest after the elections. But the elections have been over for more than a month now, and it's time to go back to work. In a recent interview, Dr. E. Lavonia Allison, chairman of the Durham Committee's political subcommittee, banged the nail squarely on the head when she said: "While we are glad to see twelve blacks soon to be seated in the North Carolina General Assembly, that is not nearly enough." 1 Referring to what she called parity, Dr. Allison noted that blacks make up about 25 per cent of North Carolina's popula tion, and a fairer number of representatives would be 41 blacks in the General Assembly. "But you can't win those battles when you have 500,000 voting aged blacks unregistered," she said. "You certainly can't win the game when half of your players are not even in the park." Her point is well taken. The Durham Committee, as it represents the black community, the NAACP and other organizations and individuals must return to the political battlefront. We need more emphasis on voter registration, voter education and encouragement to participate. We need a well-organized and effective candidate search process, as well as a process by which we prepare candidates to run for, win and effectively hold various offices. We need to get more blacks working on appointed boards and commissions city and county so that we are in a position to hear about discussions that later become plans that usually we are left out of. So the work must continue. It is obvious that our political involvement in Durham is not commensurate to our purported strength and sophistication. We believe this is more true because we don't work consistently enough than because of some nefarious scheme to keep us out ol the political mainstream. So now that we've had a breather, let's buckle up, knuckle down and get back to work. ThNew County Commission Before discussing other matters of importance regarding Durham's new County Commission, let us first congratulate William Bell for his historic achievement of becoming the Com mission's first black chairman. Symbolically, it is a singular event, one that has been long over due. But this new commission really has its work cut out for it. Among other issues that confront this body of county lawmakers are: Improving the county tax base Maintaining and improving the water and sewer facilities Improving management techniques to hold the line against rising costs and dipping revenues Establishment of an affirmative action program for the coun- Making the county lawmaking process more accessible to the citizens This is but a partial list of the issues these elected officials will have to face, and they need the help of every citizen of Durham County. The black community must be in the forefront of providing that help. Too often we send elected officials into the lawmaking halls and expect them to win all the battles without our ongoing and dedicated support. ' -. '( ' Thi We have agreed that these five men and women serve us. We have asked them to tackle themonumental task of helping to make Durham County one of the best places in this state to live, work and play. , So we must be involved with that work. We must attend meetings and help discuss the issues. We must call our elected officials with information from time to time that will aid their decisionmaking process, and alert them to things that they should watch. We must volunteer our services, our expertise to sit on boards and commissions, and further help the Commissioners serve the county citizenry. If we do not do this, if we don't prove our support by backing our elected officials, we only have ourselves to blame when they . don't win battles we thought should have been won, or when they don't listen to us when we go to complain. Things You Should Know WMM, . Born In Williamsport.lVa:, he topk his early schooling In Canada. In 1890 he received his M.D. degree from Meharry. He did advanced work in Lon don, England! Remarkable in his versatility, he was renowned as a professor, director of a savings bank, , member of the, National Medical Association and. editor of their Journal), and author of books on medicine, religion, ethics and sociology. . Continental Features Business In The Black .- 1 1 ' ' i .1." " " - White House Hoax : Fools of War ; By Charles E. Belle . U:S. voters have whispered into the . ears of the occupant of the White House. Albeit he has wax in his ears. It would have taken a good clean sweep of winning the Senate to send the proper message to the President. People do not want to be unemployed and poor. Policies pursued along the present lines will lengthen and deepen the current depression. Democrats were sent to Washington because they are at least perceived of haw. ing a different program for employment other than the "burn up money" defense industry: A dog of war. Without wiping the pants off the White House the mid term election yelped for change in the military spending build up. Unless it becomes a domestic disaster even before it destroys the rest of the world. When fools Slay with matches, much of the time they urn themselves first, then others. Nuclear weaponry is white heat in the , hot hands of the current White House helpers. Having a man decide the fate of ' the world with a mind in the past is like having Caligula for President. Presently, the occupant of the throne is taken up with horses. His leadership,- has been recorded to remark to the current Secretary of Defense if it was "possible someway to bring back the cavalry?" Considering this is the leader of the coun try, it is no laughing matter. Is the man serious? Since we only have the past per formance to project ; from for policy movements it is madness in the making. E.P, 1 Thompson, British social historian, writes in Beyond the Cold War, To Be Equal a deadening discussion on a new approach - to the arms race and nuclear annihilation. Analytically speaking, E.P. Thompson 'suggests the "U.S. seems to be the more ; dangerous and provocative in its general ' ' military and diplomatic strategies." Washington, not Moscow, he states with historical accuracy, has set the pace of the arms race and has been the innovator of every major nuclear strategic doctrine. Does the resident of the White House believe he can deceive the people of both Russia and the United States? Unless he has fallen off his horse once too often he will call a halt to this current nuclear arms race. Ruins will not just be in Rome, but in the West and the rest of the world if fools continue to waste money, men and resources on nuclear weaponry. Helping Gities Survive By John E. Jacob ; . Executive Director, National Urban League President Reagan recently told the con vention of the National League, of Cities that cities had become "addicted to federal bailouts" and would have to become more self-reliant. That came as news to many in his au dience, including myself. We had been under the impression that, rather than benefiting from "bailouts", cities were getting far less than their citizens need from federal programs. And stirring as "self-reliance" may be for a school essay theme, it has little to do with urban pro blems. Self-reliance isn't relevant to cities suf fering from the effects of the Depression, with local revenues drying up and local needs mounting fast. The legacy of sharp ly reduced federal aid is seen in widespread layoffs and service reduc tions, ranging from cuts in the number of cops on the street ' to boarded-up senior citizen centers. The hymn to self-reliance is no substitute for a national urban policy recognizing that the problems of the cities are human problems .that are national in scope. Unemployment, lack of health care, inadequate education, poor hous ing, and other urban problems are not bounded by city limits. "3 While conditions differ among cities and regions, only national 'programs aim- ' ed at creating jobs and providing better health care, education and housing will enable the cities to survive as productive centers of our society. Instead of a comprehensive urban policy including such programs, the Ad ministration boosted what it called "the New Federalism," which amounted to packaging federal service delivery pro grams and giving them to the states to run. That's nor urban policy. It's a formula for making urban problems worse. Even if enough revenues went to the states to compensate for their new responsibilities . and no one's offered those dollars it is clear that the ensuing fifty state policies add up to considerably less than one com prehensive national policy. Cities have looked to Washington for aid because, in most cases, state govern ments lean toward rural and suburban in terests. And even within the cities, the ur ban poor are not likely to benefit from programs intended for them without strict federal oversight and program controls. All of this has helped to bury the new Federalism. After an initial flurry of publicity, it got bogged down in complex federal-state negotiations. And it is not likely to get off the ground, if only because it has been overtaken by events. The slow deterioration of the economy, tiirningjfrdm recession ititd 'depression, 'demonstrates Hhat'reshiifflrrrg" existing" programs is no solution to urban pro blems. The New Federalism suffers from the misconception that the problems of the cities are administrative that transferr ing programs from Washington to the state house or city hall will solve them. And it suffers too, from the common misperception of urban problems as being cities' fiscal and budgetary problems, in stead of human problems of access to jobs, health care, decent housing and other basics of life. Just as the New Federalism is irrelevant to urban needs, job creation on a national level is central to them. The planned pro gram of infrastructure repair is vital to cities. With streets, bridges and sewer systems crumbling at an alarming rate and cities tightening the austerity belt of self reliance to the point of foregoing necessary maintenance, such a program may boost urban economies while im proving public services. But no one should pretend that the in frastructure repair program is an urban policy. It is a small step in the right direc tion. It doesn't even meet the minimum necessary to repairing cities' physical needs. Nor does it tackle the human needs of the people living in the cities. That will require less preaching about self-reliance " and more federal Droerams to heto oeoDle The 1982 Black Vote The announcement by Senator Edward Kennedy that he will not seek the Presidency in 1984 has thrown wide open the quest for the Democratic Party nomination. ; Senator Kennedy's withdrawal from ' the race also has thrown wide open the battle for the support of blacks and the labor movement the two segments of the Democratic constituency which will have a decisive say in who is to be the Par ty's next Presidential candidate. Black Americans long regarded Senator Kennedy as something of a standard bearer. His staunch commitment to social justice and civil rights, coupled with the appeal for blacks of the Kennedy family name had made him the one potential Presidential aspirant to whom blacks gravitated. Kennedy's support within the labor movement, while less unanimous than among blacks, also was certainly quite substantial. And although former Vice President Walter Mondale clearly has many allies among blacks and in the unions he hardly has a lock on the support of these constituencies. The withdrawal of the front-runner from the Democratic sweepstakes has ; potentially a two-fold effect: First, the race for the nomination will be opened to ' new faces and lesser known candidates. Second, the race .and political discourse may also be much more substantially dominated by ideas rather than per sonalities, an enormously healthy development. , With national unemployment edging toward eleven per cent and well over twenty per cent for blacks, the task of the Democratic Party is to develop and adopt a wide-ranging program for economic recovery and social justice. To date the Democrats have been in something of a state of disarray. Nothing resembling a coherent strategy for coping with our economic difficulties has emerged from that party. Any candidate who takes the Democratic nomination will have an im portant role in shaping and articulating the Party's socio-economic agenda. But the view of the candidates on that agenda will also be shaped by the labor movement and by blacks. For in seeking to win the support of the blacks and unions, poten tial candiates for the Democratic nomina-. tion such as Walter Mondale, Senator John Glenn, and Senator Gary Hart will have to be open to their ideas and con cerns. While the Democratic Party may not have developed a coherent strategy for restoring growth to America, labor has. The AFL-CIO supports a cap on tax cuts for the rich and well-to-do which would constitute progress toward achieving a tax rate based on ability to pay. The federa , tion also supports the creation of a Reconstruction Finance Corporation made up of representatives from business, labor and government. Such a body could "find out just what people will submit to, and you have found out the exact amount of injustice and wrong which will be imposed upon them; and these will continue until they are resisted with either words or blows, or with both. The limits of tyrants are prescribed by, the endurance of those Four Great Lies Of Control That white people are omnipresent, all-knowing, practically infallible, and that racism is an aberration of character. ' That success for blacks in this country Is based more on our abilities to keep secrets fromhltes than upon skill and execution. But, of course, If you believe this liealong with the first one, success is impossible. ; ; That progress for blacks in America can be measured only In the light of white benevolence. Thus, there are no really talented," skilled or committed blacks, only blacks upon whom whites have smiled. j That above all things, blacks cannot trust each other which of course, leaves us in the psychologically suicidal position of trying to tiustt,whites. By Norman Hill President, A. Philip Randolph Institute target investments and loans to stimulate the expansion of high-growth areas of the economy. Ideas and programs such as these not only are coherent and workable, they con stitute the outlines of a program for a Demcoratic Presidential candidate which would succeed in winning the support of blacks and other workers. Such programs would succeed not only in revitalizing the Democrats, they would succeed in revitalizing the country. L.E. AUSTIN Editor-Publisher 1927-1971 USPS 091-380 (Mrs.) Vivian Austin Edmonds Editor-Publisher Kenneth W. Edmonds General Manager Milton Jordan Executive Editor C. Warren Matienburg ' Advertising Director L.M.Austin Production Supervisor Curtis T.Perkins Contributing Editor-Foreign Affairs Published every Thursday (dated Saturday) (except the week following Christmas) In Durham, N.C., by United Publishers, Incorporated. Mailing address: P.O. Box 382S, Durham, N.C. 27702-3825. Office located at 9jt3 Old Fayettevllle Street, Durham, N.C. 27701. Second Class Postage paid at Durham, North Carolina 27702. Volume 60, Number 50. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to THE CAROLINA TIMES, P.O. Box 3825, Durham, N.C, 27702-3825. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: One year, $12.00 (plus 48e sales tax for North Carolina residents). Singk, copy 30c. Postal regulations REQUIRE advance pay-' ment on subscriptions. Address ad communications and make a checks payable to: THE CAROLINA TIMES. NATIONAL ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVE: Amalgamated Publshers, Inc., 45 West 45th Street, Now York, New York 10038. 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