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Bringing the Holiday
Spirit to the poor^
I U IT IS a question whether til*
I families helped or the i?ork
I art helping them get most
L Z*J Joy out of the Christmas die
qffw trlbutton. A reel settlement
R Jy worker, one Imbued with the
right spirit, will tell you that
? only on^ who has visited the
hornet of the poor and the suffering on
Christmas ere can realise the pleatnre
of bringing happiness and sunshine
Into these homes.' Many settlement
visitor*, who have given op the work
for some reason or another, but who
return to assist with the Christmas
dletrtbutlons, give generously from
their own purses that the baskets may
be larger and more families aided.
who hare never
work, enter into the
Santa Clan* aplrit
and visit the allay
and tenement die
trtcta of the large
cities on the night
heavily laden with
toys, tnrfceye and
good things to eat
They employ Inves
tigators to canvass
the sectinn la which
they are Interested
a week before the
holidays, and the
distribution la made
according to their/epoets. Oftentimes
small Irra are sent to ths homes,
with glass bslle, trimmings and candy
toys, and the dotnfrs, with the aid of
their chasffeura and the parents of
the child r??, Hi the tree while the lit
tle tou are asleep.
^Though ittle known, Santa Clans'
work in the slums of the big cities
is carried on along systematic lines
to overcome any overlspptbg of the
multitude Of good intentions. In days
gone by, charitably Inclined women
would leave a large basket of pro
visions . la a house In Ignorance of
another basket hidden in the closet
And it whs not unusual for two or
three workers to meet in the same
kitchen at the one time, each bur
dened with good things for the one
This is an error of the past; for
now the Christmas giving -has been
systematized. _ Settlement workers of
'the various societies and representa
tives of ths wealthy private givers
compile a'list of those they will as
sist, and all go over their lists care
fatty together 1 >
Although the Christmas giving le
all cut an<f*dried a few days before
the time,' Santa Claus' secret Is not
given -iway. Half of the pleasure
would be gone if the families knew
that the visitors were coming with
food and toys tn abundance. It le"
true that those who are visited and
quiieed by the private workers have
a shrewd suspicion, after they have
told their tale of woe sad received
the sympathy of the visitor, that
something substantial is to follow.
The regular settlement workers know
their ground pretty well; they know
which families have had a hard road
to travel end are putting np a good
battle against the tide of misfortune
The settlement workers have little
Investigating to do before the holi
days; their entrance Into a home or
tenement is always greeted wttL sur
prise, for they generally make It a
point to go where they are least ex
"The poor are always with us" la
doubly true at Christmas time. Fam
ilies who can barely exist, who do
not know where the next day'e breed'
Is coming from, can certainly not af
ford any extras for the holiday sea
son They consider themselves for
tunate If they have a loaf or two of
bread and a small piece of meat for
the Christmas dinner and coal for the
No one appreciates this seamy side
of the bright Christmas story more
than the charity worker. 8be knows
that tribnlatlons exist at Christmas
time as daring any other part of the
year. Tears of experience hare shewn
her bow to nee tact and good Judg
ment on her travels and where she
cannot leare good cheer, she can
at least make the sorrows and
troubles easier to bear. The "An
gel of the Settlement" knows,
more than any one else, that there
are many cases when the word
"Kerry Christmas" would sound like
a mockery; where the hand of death,
for Instance, has been hearlly felt
when K takes away the chief provid
er of a large family.
Shs knows, also, that tne Christmas
spirit is cherished by the poor as well
as the wealthy. While they cannot
spend the day In feasting and merry
making, they c4n at least forget old
MMTXflfCra) MrtTMCLAM ,
A fttAL CHAurfi/AJ ftfl/ftJOfl
grudges and let bygones be bygones,
?hake hands with tbefr enemies and
wish one another good luck.
How many reunions and feconcilla
tlons take place then Is known only to
these good women. The hearts of
mgny men who hare been separated
from their wires and families be
come softened as the holidays draw
near, and tt Isn't uncommon for the
settlement worker to find them to
gether when she comes with the
Many prodigal sons return on
Christmas ere. A striking case' of
this kind that occurred two years ago
waa run across by a settlement work
er in Philadelphia. She said that
?he had never witnessed a scene on
any stage that could equal it It
was a real case of where the Christ
mas prayer of a broken-hearted moth
er was answered by the return of her
* The son ran sway from home seven
yean earlier, when a yoUthof sixteen
yean. He had a good home and the
family constated of his parents, an
older brother add a slater. His father
was a hard-working man and nsed all
his earnings for his home. The young
er boy. being the baby of the family,
was the pet of all; hot he hail a wild
disposition, and he wanted to see
something of Ufa He decided to ran
away from home and go West
When he reached the ranches of
Art sons he found that the cowboy life
wasn't as bright aa it was painted.
He longed for home many a time, but
vowed that he would not return a
failure. He persevered until he had
made good, though it took seven years
for him to do it. His fearlessness and
daring attracted the atteotlon of the
owner of the ranch, aad he placed
him in charge of another place. When
the young man had a goodly wad of
bills accumulated he decided to re
turn in time for Christmas.
He reached the old house to And
that another famUy was living there,
and he learned from neighbors that
his father was dead; that his stater
had grieved so over his disappearance
that she died shortly after be had left,
and that his brother had been killed
in an. accident. The mother, doubly
aged with grief, had been left alone
and was subsisting as best she could
in a third-story room. The son lost
| no time and arrived in the room Just
after the settlement worker had
ranched there with her basket of pro
visions. The mother had Just finished
telHng her story to the sympathetic
listener when this latest prodigal re
"No one can really appreciate," said
a settlement worker to another city,
"how happy one feels ^fter visiting
the homes of the poor on Christmas
eve. The gratitude of one woman
alone last year was enough to recom
pense me for the work I did. This
woman's husband was in the peniten
tiary serving an 18-year term for mur
der. It appears that he and a com
panion were working tn the cranberry
bogs. They quarreled, and In a scuf
fle this man stabbed his opponent He
made his wife promise she would
never allow the family of six to be
separated. She not only kept them
together by taking in washing and
working nntll all hours of the night,
but she refused to accept outside aid
tn any shape or form. There would
have been no Christmas celebration
^ m ctimrnai mvu aivuohd i
In this hdfne, andtt ?u a delicate ud
dertaklng to bring a woman Uke tbia
any provisions. But I explained to
her that |t wax a present and her Joy
wag only equaled by that of her chil
dren, who were more than delighted (
with their new toys.
"I have been In homes where the
children never had toys, and 1 have
brought them their first playthings.
In one case there were two children, a
boy and a girl, Peptno and Mecbalmo.
Their father died when they were
babies, and the mother supported
them. She had ootne to this country
a bride Snd was not well versed with
the American way of doing things.
She did not even know how to make
a rag doll for the children. We
brought those children a stnall tree,
decorated It, anil gave them'plenty of
toyg. Words couldn't tell the\happl
ness of those little ones. I
"There Is more pleasure In thi work
than you would Imagine. We see many
sad scenes, sorrow and Joy mingled
together, but we also And much to
amuse us. Last year we took a
basket to an old colored woman. Her
husband wigs a paralytic and she bad
two orphaned grandchildren to keep.
Christmas to her was to be the same
as any other day uqt" we arrived
with the provisions and toys. She
glanced at us as we entered the rooti.
and when we put the basket on the
table, she stared at it and pointed to
herself, as much as to say, 'For meT
I said, "Yes, Lisa, that's for you.'
You could see nothing but the whites
of ber eyes, and she raised both of
her hands above her head, clasped
them together and said, 'De Lord be
praised.' That was all she said; but
she repeated It time and again. One !
time her eyes would be as large as
dollars and she would joyously sing,
the 'De Lord bfc praised' and again
she would be sad and mournful and
moan 'De Lord be praised.'
"Finally her husband, who was un
able to leave bis chair, lost his pa
tience and he shouted, 'Lisa, good
Lord, woman, has you done lost your
head altogether? Why don't you I
thank the ladies? Then, as a sort of
apology to us, he said; 'You'll have
to excuse her, ladles, for she has sure
ly done lost her head altogether.' As
we left the room and glanced back,
poor Lisa was still standing there,
looking at us with her hands clasped
before her and slowly nodding her
head saying: 'De Lord be praised.'
We concluded Lisa knew better than
her husband. She was thanking the
"I have witnessed many reeonsllta
tlons of families of foreigners on
Christmas eve. The afternoon that I
spent at the Immigration station last
year was one of the pleasantest of my
life. It was Interesting to note the ex
pression of gladness on the faces of
the children In the costumes of their
various fatherlands. They couldn't
speak a word of English, bnt they
could show you that they were grate
ful for the playthings.
"I will never forget my first Christ
mas visitation. It was my Initial ex
perience with social service work.
One of the first places we visited was
In a court, a poor German family.
When we arrived at the house the
mother vay telling the three children
Christmas/legends. , She had gilded
apples, ami that was their only other
reminder (hat the morrow was a great
festival. She had no melt nor vege
tables hi the house, for the next day's
meals, and there wak^ne coal In the
bin. But the place was as clean and
neat as a new pin.
"The mother was an educated worn
an. and you could tell at a glance that
she had seen better days. She had
married against the wishes of her
family and she was too proud to let
them know of her poverty. Her hus
band bad gone West to try to better
his condition, but was unable to get
work there and became stranded.
The wife kept the wolf away from the
door as best she could by sewing.
We brought her a turkey, vegetables,
fruits and cranberries, then went out
and got a tree and a doll for the chil
dren and left an order to have coal
sent lh<-re Immediately. It Is Impos
sible to tell how grateful that poor
'TELEGRAPHESE' BEST TO USE
Correspondent Finds English Lan
guage to Be the Tereest In
Which language makes the best
telegraphese? At so much a word one
might hasten to say German, because
of Its purely typographical device of
sticking a number of words together
to look like one compound word. We
really do exactly the same thing In
English, only are print tha elements of
the compound ?? separate words. Bat
In international telegraphing there is
a word length limit (or, ss the Ger
mans would print a wordlengthllmlt).
Ten letters Is the maximum allowed
tor a single word. Any word longer
than that counts as two; or as three
?If gets beyond the second ten, as
some German words do.
When It comet to counting letters
or making up Intelligible telegraphese.
English. It seems, Is the tersest lan
guage In Europe. An Italian news
paper correspondent has lately disco*
ered this hi telegraphing newi from
London to his paper in Italy- At the
beginning of the war he naed Italian.
Then when all language! except Eng
Itsh And French were forbidden he
took French. Later, finding that
French, though accepted by the post
office, seemed to cause delay, hq
changed to English, and to his sur
prise he finds that he Is saving quite
a lot of money In telegraph feds owing
to the superior brevity of the Eng
lish language as eompared with
French or Italian.
BELGIAN CITY OF THE PAST
Vpre* Ranked In Greatness On* Time i
With Chicago and Other Cen
ters of Trade. j
Doubtless there are millions and
millions of Americans to whom the.
name of. the little Belgian down of
Tpres comes as an absolute stranger
and without significance, remarks the
Philadelphia Record. Still, in the
heyday of Its greatness and pros
perity Tpres ranked as large in the
civilized world It Philadelphia,' Chi
cago. Berlin and other cities of to
day, Indeed It was a splendid city
when Berlin was a mere hamlet of
It was in the days of the commercial
greatness of Venice that Ypres attained
the summit of its prosperity. It was
an Important distributing center for
the trafic which came up through t^e
Adriatic by boat, eras carried over
land and then scattered from Belgium
to England, Prance. Holland. Germany
and other countries, it also has great
manufactures, and In the fourteenth
century Its population exceeded twe
hundred thoueand, making It one of
the largest cities In Europe. Ghent
and Bruges. Its nearest neighbors,
were no less prosperous. With the
changing of the trade routes cf Eu
rope the wealth afid populatlxi of
Yprea disappeared, until It hah now
lets than twenty thousand people.
But the young fool U not excuaahle
on the ground that there la no foot
like an old toot.
pound and appl)^pm^^^Mieea<
making. The quality of ni^hllk ia
good. The nature surroundings of the
country la Ideal. It coata Tery little
to auccceaafully false cattle. For theas
reaaona U had been believed for aome
time that the aauvement would be a
Dairy achoola have 1MB introduced
of late and are meeting with gratify
ing reaulta. In Iredell. Oatawba and
adjoining counties tbeee schools have
been in progress for the past two
months, lien who had milk and by
products of the dairy to waste were
doing so. little thinking that with a
little scientific knowedge they could
convert these into money. Three
day schools have been the principal
means for holding these schools of
Instruction. In other instances one
day of demonstration a month held
at some central point and continuing
for six months are held. Both of
these types of schools have been well
attended and the indications are that
with the dissemination of the knowl
edge obtained among the farmers of
that section the attendance will be
Journal Office* Remodeled.
Wlnaton-Salem.?With the cqmple- 1
tlon of extensive Improvements on the
offices and composing rooma of the
editorial rooma and the composing
room ha* been converted Into offlcee.
The composing rdora. formerly locat
ed In cramped quarter! in the rear end
of thla room, has been moved Into the
Annual Un Stock Meeting. HtetesvUle?
January It-21. ltll.
TAR HEEL BREVITIES.
The Cramer Furniture Company of
Thomasrllle was recedUy sold to J.
J. Finch for a mm neeT?3|0.06?; 1
Ham and bacon will be a big feature
at the BtateevtUe tire stock abow.
Veterans of the Confederate army
In Buncombe county receive^ a total
of $13,080 In pensions.
Wilmington's school attendance is
MaJ. Graham attended the conven
tion of the Agricultural Commission
ers at Atlanta.
Mecklenburg' county produced near
ly 5,000 more bales of cotton In 1913
than this year.
Caldwell county has Just closed a
successful exhibit of livestock and
A big warehouse has boon charter
ed at Tabor and will handle cotton
Park Avenue school at AahevHle Is
serving hot soup to students when
they arrive at school each morning.
The soup is prepared at the school.
H. K. Fleming, aged 83, and McO.
Ernul. aged 75. both prominent citi
zens of Greenville, died a few days
Raleigh pronounced her pay-up
week as a great success.
J. .A. "Durham was elected presi
dent of the Greater Charldlte Club at
the annual meeting recently. He suc
ceeds Mr. C. C. Hook.
Columbus county farmers are get
ting loans on cotton stored In ware
Several points In Western North
Carolina are reporting zero weather.
The mission board of the Western
North Carolina Methodist Conference
has Jnst closed its session at Salis
The Richmond Federal Reserve
Bank has lowered Its rediscount rates
to correspond with those authorized
Buncombe county's annual seed corn
show to be held In AshevUle will be
bigger than ever this year.
Superintendent J. Y. JoyneV is urg
ing a permanent secretary of social
C. T. Tsal. a Chinese official died
at Ashevile a few days ago.
Durham Presbyterians Have raised
most 980,000 for a new church build
Brunswick county has agreed to
have/a farm demonstrates
A/large Christmas tree will be e
reeted-on the capitol square for the
children of Raleigh.
Miss Estelle Marx, the chief clerk
of the vital statistics department of
Virginia Stats Board qt Health was
In Raleigh Inspecting The offices of
the State Board of Health and the
system of the departmenL
The town of Whltevllle will soon
have a white way.
High Point has Just passed a cur
few lew forbidding children under 18
to be od the streets at night.
The Community Club of Henderson
villo, recently held their first qteetlng
In their new $6,600 building. "
The Bulletin le the neme of a new
paper which will be issued monthly
from Ashevllle beginning In January.
.The publication will be edited by the
Methodists of the Ashevllle dlaSrict
of the Western North Carolina Con
ference of thN Methodist Ifclscdpal
EXPERTS DO IRK
LEGISLATIVE AUDITING COMMIT
TEE BAYS IT HAS NOT TIME
LATE STATE CAPITOL NEWS
Ravlaw of tho Lataat Now* Oathorod
Around too SUM Capitol Thai
Will Sa of Intaraat to Our Raadura j
Ovar North Carolina.
Tbe leRlsIat've auditing commltteia I
rhich examined tbe State Treaaury,'
;he office of the State Auditor and j
.he Inaurance Department recently,'
jnd found the aubaUntial general
?nd-balance In tbe atate treaaury of
1164,572 for the cloae of the flacal
fear December 1, filed Its formal re
fort with Governor Craig for the
leneral Assembly and Included a
umber of Important recommends
One is that provision be made tor ex
pert accountants to examine the atate
natltutlona that receive state aid an
nuity, especially for he reason that
it la practically Impossible for a legls
atlve committee to perform this duty
with the thoroughness and accuracy
that the Interests of the state de
Attention la directed to the fact
that the funds that the federal govern
ment provides for the work at the ex
periment station arg paid over to the
experiment station quarterly and that
there are no vouchers showing how
the. money ' la disbursed or under
whose direction and authority K is
expended. Also the committee finds
that the vouchers coming In tor ex
penditures by the Agricultural De
partment and the A. A M. College are
not accompanied by detailed state
ments of the purposes for which the
amounts ere expended and that there
should be a law to require such state
Opinion* of the Supreme Court.
The full list of opinions disposed
State vs. Ed. C. Craft, et al, New
Hanover, no error; State vs. Southern
Express Company, Burke, a (tinned;
Corpenlng vs. Westell. Burke, new
trial; Ridge vs. Norfolk Southern Rail
way, Randolph, no error; Clark vs.
Wright, Lincoln, new trial; Luts vs.
Lincer, Cabarrus, modified and al
armed Horton vs. Jones, Caldwell,
modified and affirmed, costs divided;
Land Company vs. Bostlc, Rutherford,
no. error; Carpenter vs. Rutherford
ton. new trial; Hoyt* vs. City of
of Hickory. Catawba, no error; Pierce
vs. Eller, Wilkes, reversed; Whitaksr
vs. Darren, Henderson, new trial;
Em bier at al vs. (Boaster Lumber
Company, Henderson, no error; Pad
getts vs. McKoy, Buncombe, no error;
motion for new trial for newly dis
covered evidence denied; Turner vs.
Ashevllle Power A Light Co., Bun
combe, new trial; Reynolds vs. Palm
er, Buncombs, no error; Ingle Admr.
vs. Southern Railway, Buncombe,.no
error; A. Dicks vs. Chatham, Bun
combe, affirmed; State vs. McDraw
hora, Sampson, motion of defendant
to reinstate denied; Dtllard vs. Sim
mons, Oranvllle, motion for new trial
on nsw evidence allowed; Lancaster
vs. Bland, Craven, dismissed under
rule IT and motion to reinstate de
National Guard Board Meets.
The advisory board of the North
CafTollna National Guard was in ses
sion here considering especially mat
ters pertaining to compliance in this
state with the War Department orders
for enlisting companies up to 86 in
stead of 68 men aa the minimum
strength and providing the additional
equipment necessary, numbers of the
companies being already enlisted up
to the Increased minimum. Affairs
generally of the Guard were gone Into
oy the board, which consists of Adju
tant General Laurence W. Young,
Brig. General Royster, Oxford; Col.
J. T. Gardner. Shelby; Col. W. C.
Rodman, Washington and Col. S. W.
Employment For Discharged Soldiers.
The United States War Department
is seeking to establish In this state.
In co-operation with the State Depart
ment of Labor and Printing an em
ployment bureau for honorably dis
charged soldiers. To this end Lieut.
C. T. Smart. Ninth Infantry, located
at Charlotte, has just had a conference
with the Commissioner of Labor and
Printing In which the Commissioner
assured the army officer that he would
co-operate in -pny way that he could
without doing an injustice to North
Carolina's regular labor Interests.
Preparing For Demonstration Work,
This U the season for counties to
make their annual appropriations for
county demonstration work In coop
eration with the state and federal
authorities, and numbers of the coun
tte* where the great value of the work
la already realised and experienced
have made their annual appropria
tions. Others Will make appropriations
In January. Counties that have taken
action are Cumberland, Alamance.
Brunswick. Catawba, Edgecombe, Lee,
Madison New Hanover Vance, War
ren, Wilson, Wl|kes and Yancey.
Te Exhibit at San Franclaco.
The North Carolina Department of
Health has been requested to con
tribute Its model village exhibit aa a
part of the board's better health ex
hibit at the Panama Exposition. This
model village In which the number of
births In the homes Is shown by light
ed windows and the number of baby
deaths by the lights In the trlndows
being extinguished was brought to the
notice of the Children's Bureau qf
the Department of Labor by the re
cent exhibit made at the health asso
ciation meeting at Jacksonville, Fla.
TT m * 'V
Making Ready Car General Assembly. '
The atata departments ara getting
ready for the convening of the legis
lature on January 6, and candidates
for office in the gift of the legislature
in perfecting its organization tor
the 66 days of work ahead of it are
getting actlvb in ail pans of the stale.
O Max Gardner, of Shelby, is the
only candidate out tor president pro
tern of the senate, a. 0. Self la with
out opposition thus far In seeking re
election to the chief clerkship of the
A three-cornered contest la on for
the speakership of the house! with
T. C. Bowie of Ashe, E. R. Woolen
of Lenoir and L. H. Allred of John
ston. seeking this position and A. A.
P. Saawell mentioned as a possible
additional candidate. 1 The western
section of the etate Is claiming the
speakership for Mr. Bowie on the
ground that If la the West's time as
George W. Connor of Wilson was the
Speaker two years ago and Walter
Murphy of Salisbury merely fllied out
his term in presiding as Speaker for
the special session.
T. G. fobb of Morganton is seek
ing re-election as chief clerk of the
House and J. D. Berry of Raleigh
Is as yet the only avowed candidate
for reading clerk of the Houae. J
H. Morlng of Wake is to far without
opposition for re-election as sergeant
at-arms of the House. D. Gas tor of
Peyetteville is seeking the place of
sergeant-et-arms in the senate.
The organization of the Legislature
as to the Ailing of all these places
will be settled in a caucus of*he
Democratic members of each branch
of the Assembly on the night of Jan
There is a very general Impression
entertained by state officials and cit
izens generally that the incoming
legislature will be markedly conser
vative in comparison with Legisla
tures that have gathered here for
several sessions pant
Nearly 300 Farm Boys Jt University.
Classified according to thevpro(es
sions of their fathers, the caH of back
to-the-laud la imperative to one-third
of the students attending the Univers
ity of North Carolina. The occupa
tion of farming contributes more than
twice the number of students enrolled
on tha registration books this session
than any other occupation or profes
sion. Of the total enrollment of U3
students 289 are sons of farmers. The
merchants follow next in succession
The distribution of other occupa
tions and professions are classified as
follows: lawyers 88, doctors 80, man
ufacturers 50. public officers 30, min
isters 28, real estate dealers 22. in
surance agents 23, lumber dealers IV
teachers 13, railroad men 17, bank
ers 17, contractors 17, traveling sales
men 16, druggists II, tobacco dealers
11. livery men 9, mechanics 7, brok
ers 78, editors 6, book-keepers 4,
printers 9, fishermen 3, civil engineers
3, carpenters I. laborers 3, butchers 3,
nurserymen 2, Jewelers 2, hotel keep
ers 2, engineers 2, chemist 1. photo
grapher 1, promoter 1. mason 1, libra
rian 1 blacksmith 1, undertaker i,
optician 1, ranchman 1, boardtng
house keeper 1, and purchasing agent
School Teachers Must Be Paid.
J. Y. Joyner, state superintendent'
ot Public Instruction, announced that,
with the approval of the Attorney
General he hs made s ruling that it
ta the duty of the county boards of
education, under Section 4486, to bor
row mdney for the payment of salaries
ot teachers, if peceasary; and he urges
that the boards throughout the state
take the necessary steps at once to
provide for the monthly payment ot
salaries without discount or loss to
North Carolina Crop Report.
The crop reporting board of the
bureau of crop estimates of the De
partment of Agriculture says that the
cotton crop In North Carolina this
year will amount to 1150,000 bales
against 791,545 last year. The price
paid In 1913 In North Carolina waa
11.5 against 5.9 this year. This means
a total lose of 517,158,126 to North
Carrollna cotton growers this year.
Slaughter 20,000 Pounds Pork.
This was "hog-idlUng day" out at
the Central Hospital for Insane here
and Dr. Albert Anderson, superin
tendent. reports 10.000 pounds of the
nicest sort of meat, with another fins
lot of hogs to be killed some time In
the new year.
Limit Age of 11 to Child Labor Law.
Recommendations by Commission
er of Labor and Printing 11. L. Ship
man to Governor Craig and the Legis
lature made public urged a specific
age limit prohibiting children under
11'years from working in 'any kind
of factory, or messenger service, or
any employment during hours schools
are In session; advanced laws govern
ing safety appliance and sanitation;
factory Inspection as to child labor,
work hours. Are escapes and the like;
and either repeal our mine Inspection
law or provide an active inspector.
Will Adopt New Fire Pulley. ' ''
Commissioner of Insurance James
R. Young, just bark from the mid
winter session of the National Con
vention of State Commissioners of In
surance, says that the association
adopted practically the same uniform
Ore Insurance policy that the North
Carolina Legislative Commission re
cently recommended for the North
Carolina Legislature to adopt and that
the state commissioners the country
over will ask that the legislatures to
adopt this policy, which Is an Improve
ment over the uniform policy in force
Western Insance Hospital Report
The principal matter of Interest be
fore the board of directors of the
Western Hodpttel for the Insane was
Supt. John McCampbeH's report for
the two years 'Which closed with No
vember 30. The report showed that
during the two years 369 patients
were admtttedto the hospital and the
total number under treatment during
that time was 1,6(9. During th* two
years 115 patients were discharged OS
recovered. 55 dlcharged Improved,
, nine not Improved, two not insane,
one transferred, nasi 117 died.
TOLD BT HDOSTOO
SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE
?PEAKS TO SAND HILL FARM
ERS ON SETTER FARMIN4.
GREAT CROWD AT ABERDEEN
Native Carolina Man Prom President's
Cabinet Talks, Diversification,
Aberdeen.?Diversified agriculture, -
the curtailment of the cotton crop,
the raising of beef cattle, hog* and,
poultry, dairying, and the co-operative
work of the people were emphasized
is the need of the South by Secretary
if Agriculture D. F. Houston, who
made a forcible address here, full to
:he core of valuable suggestions for
[arm and community life. This was
vis first address la the Sooth on agri
culture since he became a member of
President Wilson's cabinet.
The occesion was one planned by ,
the Sand Hill Farmers' Association, '
in aggressive organisation with a ?"
membership from fifteen, tawrfa, and
rurroundlng territory in this section
Secretary Houston, n native of North
[[aPbA|t^,jauts secured to..make the
address al the rally and wna accom
panied here by Congressman Page.
Nearly tour hundred people were In
the auditorium of the Aberdeen school
In ths afternoon and the address of
HONORABLE DAVID R. HOUSTON.
Secretary Houston mat with close
an en t to nand frequent applause. Ik
man at the executive committee at the
association, and In a brief speech. In
which the wort of the aasoclatloe was
praised sod solid advloe gives, Con
gressman Pace Introduced Secretary
Houston, commending him for the
service he has rendered the country,
declaring that wisdom had guided
President Wilson In calling Mr. Hous
ton Into the cabinet
Secretary Houston made no set ad
dress. but directed the attention of
his hearers to the nrgeet needs ot
farm Ufe. The Department of Agri
culture, he said, wanted to be of ser
vice. He set forth the possibilities In
agriculture and presented as a great
need cooperative effort In crop mak
ing and In marketing. He commend
ed the work of the Send Hill Associa
tion, and, following his declaration for
ootton acreage redaction, he set oat
the need for other crops, that there
are vast poss'btHtles for them la North
Carolina. He urged, too, the up
building of the cklaen, of achoolu and
of roads. Marketing the crops, be de
clared. could well brf done by co
Good Farming in Lenoir.
Klnaton.?W. C. Boone, an expert
of the United States department of
agriculture stationed here, will en
deavor to have com replace cotton
on a fair per cent of the acreage of
Denolr county farms next year.
New Hanover School Sanitation.
Wilmington. ? The Now Hanover
Board of Education has mado the ne
cessary appropriation for the Instal
lation of septic tanks %pd sanitary
closets at all the rural school build
ings In the county.
The new Hemensray school build
ing. erected at a cost of $40,040, win
be ready for occupancy after the
Christmas holidays. It is one of the
handsomest school buildings In thie
section and 1* the third one to be
erected in Wilmington within recent
" 1 ' !r'
Bottlarm Elect Officer*.
Salisbury.?The second annual con
Tentlon of the North Caroline Bottler*
Association closed a few days ego to
meet next In Raleigh. Officers were
elected as foUows: President, R. L.
Ellis. Asheville; first rice president.
B. D. Mefcbor, Winston Salem; sec
ond rice president. C. Lavear, Char
lotte; secretary, George H. Marvin.
Oaatonla; treasurer. J. A. Long.
Greensboro. A number of addresses
especially helpful to members of the
organisation featured the meeting.
Encouraging Farmer Boy*.
West Raleigh.?In order to eacoar
age farm hoys to equip thenuolyee
for farm work tome handsome prima
In the form of A. 4k M. scholarships
are being offered by baslness houses
of Raleigh and elsewhere. In a Bom
ber of other counties of the state the
Idea of scholarships to corn club boys
Is becoming popular In ease tke
Winner , of a scholarship la not eht
enough to enter college the eqstra
lent sum of money Is deposited to the
credit of the bdy at Interest until he
Is old onoagh to usa It.