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I Fundamental jf
| Principles of i
, By ALBERTS.GRAY,M.D. ft
tCopsnehL. IMA by A. S. Gray)
THE RADIOACTIVE ELEMENTS.
The discovery of the X-ray hjr Pro
fessor Roentgen In ISM familiarized
the mlnda of men with ? type of radi
ation Invisible to the.unaided eye but i
able to traverse opaque objects and
affect a photographic plate s behind
them. If had long been known that
certain substances exposed to sun
shine afterwards glow In the dark, a
property known as phosphorescence, ,
and It had, been discovered that the
X-ray developed these same qualities
in these substances. This led to ex
periments to see If similar types of
rays were not produced In other ways.
Like many other great discoveries,
the culmination of the search owed
something to lock mt accldenL Hand
Becquerel In Paris in 15M chanced to
? use a piece of uranium and discov
ered In compounds of that element
emanations closely allied to the X-ray
fn their general nature, a property we
now call radioactivity. These new
radiations In varying extent pass
through all matter quite independent
of whether It is opaque or transparent
to light. In addition to the proper
ties possessed by light of acting on a
photographic Wte and of causing cer
tain substances, like the platlno
cyanldes, to fluoresce, the new redla
tlons resembled the X-rays also in
"ionizing" the sir and other gases,
rendering then for the time being
partial conductors of electricity.
The pioneer In deveippments on the
chemical side was Mme. Curie, who.
with her hus'jand, Isolated radium
and polonium Other Investigators
following tbero lines developed some
thirty indlvldTal radio elements As
a result a? experiments, observations
and deduction*, we are beginning to
suspect that there exists la every
form of matte r the process of Its own
decay, and tiffs suspicion Is gradually
crystallizing Into a belief, a new phil
osophy, a philosophy destined pro
foundly to inluence the thoughts and
actions \ol future generations of men.
The emanations from radioactive,
elements have been classed as alpha,
beta and gamma rays, and are die
ttngulshed by enormous differences In '
power of penetration. The alpha
rays have Seen shown to be atoms
of helium carrying an electrical
charge, and shooting out from radioac
tive materials In the course of their
radium are distinguishable In pens
trating power from the alpha rays of
Uranium and from Thorium, but the '
differences among alpha rays as a
class are small and unimportant, rela
tively compared to the enormous dif
ference* between any alpha ray and a
beta or A gamma ray.
The moat penetrating alpha ray
known li not more than twice aa pene
trating aa the leant penetrating alpha
ray known, but beta ray a aa a claaa
are 100 times more penetrating than
alpha rays and tbe gamma rays In >
turn are fully 100 times more pene
trating than the beta rays as a class.
Alpha rays are completely absorbed
by thin screens of paper or a few 1
inches of air. while beta rays pass
through a visiting card or ordinary
ttnfoll with ease. But Soddy shows
that a gamma ray will penetrate one- ?
half Inch of steel or a stack of twelve '
pennies, six Inches of lead or one foot
of solid Iron.
The compound microscope became
an efficient weapon of scientific truth
about 1*30, and In KS# Schwann dem
onstrated that "all the higher animals
are commonwealths of cells"
Every human Individual begins life
as a single cell about a hundred and
twentieth of an Inch In diameter and 1
In the brief period of forty weeks at
tains an average weight of approxi
mately seven pounds. After birth j
there ensues a period of growth. i
Growth Is not a simple augmentation
of volume, but an alteration In form 1
For Instance, If we compare the
skeleton of a new-bora child with that '
of an adult, we discover vast differ '
ences between the relative propor
? tions of the different parts. The
child's head is enormously larger than
that of tbe adult in proportion to Its '
stature and the chest measure also
Is markedly greater In the child
These fscts Imply tbe presence of '
some check, a balance wbeel or
growth regulator. It Is easy to under I
stand that anything that will throw
these growth regulation factors out of I
gear must produce grave results and I
PIGS' MEAL A COSTLY ONE
New York Man Will Hazily Maka
Any Money Out of That Live
Stock Thle Seaaon.
Prom all parts of the country cornea
the cry of the high coat of living, but
to have pigs which eat a $560 dinner
la an unusual thing. However, A.
Stratch of East Kingston, N. Y., has
three' pigs which enjoyed such a din
This expensive feast was not Inten
tional on Mr. Btratcb's part, but was
an accident. Mr. Stratch is em
ployed on the Dtnan brickyard at
Eas' Kingston, and during the sum
mer saved $650 which be kept In the
hrnse until this week. When he de
cided to deposit It lo a bank. The
n oaiey was tied up In a handkerchief
s.id Mr. SfWlten left to take the boat
to Kingston, but being early he de
uided to feed bis pigs first. They
were fed and given bedding for the
night, and be then left tor the pier.
When be arrived at the landing he
fait for his money and found it miss- ;
* - . %
Id th? extraordinary Increaae in the
mortality from cddcot we tar* U*'
ronulta of each a dlaturbaace
The power of kuman reeloUoce to
Lbla dlaeaae imbi to be eteadll. do- ?
cllnlng. In Moaaochnaotto and Now
Jeroey and In ottteen American cltioo
the (orornmont re porta Indicate that
mortality from cancor haa lncreaoed
100 par cent since 1100, and during
the ten yearo from 1001 to toll It bao
Increaaed 25 per coat Cancer coou
the United State# about 70.000 llraa
annually and the rata In tha regUtr-- ,
tion area per 100,000 In l?ll wao 70;
In JSagland and Walea It waa >7.
There la a deep atcalflcance to
many mind# In all the foregoing facto,
and men ereiy where ore aearcblng
for the her to the riddle, and aome
day, half by chance perbapa. It will
A WORD ABOUT CANCER.
United States government report!
?how that during the ten years pre
ceding 1?11 the population ot this
country Increased 21 per cent. Dar
ing this period the death rate per
100,000 from cancer Increased SO par
cent among males and 22 per cant
among females "The extraordinary
Increase In the mortality due to can
cer In this and other countries has
long since raised that malady to the
proportions of a great plague." says
an authority who wrote on this snb
Ject recently. "The power of human
resistance to this disease seems to
be steadily declining." He then pro
ceeds to predict that at the preaent
rate of increase In another, 25 years
cancer will cause more deaths than
tuberculosis, typhoid fever end ma
Sclentlsta throughout the world are
diligently aesrchlng tor the cause of
this fearful scourge of mankind. In
order that a specific preventive and
cure may be found. Meanwhile ev
ery Individual ahould be Informed
that cancer Is to a large degree pre
ventable If ws will hut apply the
knowledge we already possess to
guard against it
There are many theories as to the
cause of cancer, the moat logical one
being that advanced by n group of
microscopict* working along biologi
cal lines. The basis of this theory Is
that cancer la a state of anarchy with
in the body. To be able to grasp the
theory and also to understand why the
X-rny Is at all effective In cases ot
cancer It Is necessary to have a
thorough comprehension of the prop
osition advanced by Ylrchow In 1S58.
which I have noted In a previous ar
ticle; namely, that each one of the
cells composing the human body la
a distinct Individual possessed of all
the charaCterlatljs of life. That la
to say. every reader of this article
la composed of many billions of Indi
viduals, each having nil the powers
and faculties that the reader la con
scious of possessing and differing in
no way save la degree. Kvery living
thing Is constructed of these tame In
dividual cells, composed of the same
protoplasm, and differs only In organ
It la during the Brat few years and
more particularly during the first year
of life that the highest human mor
tality takes place. The newly pro
liferated cells are hot thoroughly or
ganised and the entire organism la
therefore weak and unstable. Ordi
narily we do not think j>t working
young children or animals, beause we
know that their tissues are soft and
therefore that they may very easily
be broken down and ruined; but at
maturity we know there la a more per
fect organization, the cells are. more
fixed, stable jtnd adaptable and are
therefore highly resistant This fact
forms the basis for the action of the
X-rays on cancer.
There la no remedy known to medi
cine that has a selective Influence,
there Is nothing that can be put Into
these bodies of ours that will drive
disease out and not touch healthy
tissues. But, depending on the state
of' the individual cell vitality, tissues
react differently to the same influ
ence; hence tissues having marked
power of proliferation are necessarily
composed of masses of these young or
"Juvenile" cells and are of course vast
ly more susceptible to any Influence
than are the more fully formed and
stable "adult" cells jrhlch may often
remain unchanged for years.
An "anarchist cell" finds a favora
ble location and proceeds to prolifer
ate; that Is to say, It multiplies by
division, as ali the somatic cells do,
and these young and weak sells form
what Is technically known as "Juve
nile" tissue within the more stable,
older, or "adult' tissue of the organ
in which the cancerous process is ta
king place. If uow the "hard," very
penetrating rays of the X-ray are
turned upon this diseased area one .
of two things takes place?either the
short, sharp oscillations, which we
have noted approximate more than
800,000,000,000 per second, shake these
weak "Juvenile" cells Into a healthful
reaction, -or they destroy them as a
dog kills a rat by shaking It, and the
healthy cells are stimulated by the
lng. He returned to the bouse and 1
made a search and Anally came upon
a few scraps of the handkerchief and
parts of the money In the pig pen.
where It had been torn and partly
eaten op by the pigs.
A few of the scraps of money were
recovered and Mr. Scratch probably
will be able to get new money from
the national treasury for them, but
most of the money Is a total loss.?
"Plenty of Kxperieneg, ^
"Have you had any experience In
the luaoh business'" naked the chef
of the man who applied for work.
"Why, I ehoold any so," replied the
energetic youth. "I'*o been lunching '
for almost twenty years."?Lipplfl '
i "? r
Marauder Put;tc Death.
At 8ntterton, England, a ben was la ,
a garden with her newly-hatched
brood when a Jackdaw pounced upo-a, (
a chick. The hen gave battle at one ?.
and a sharp encounter ended; in the :i
lac Inlaw being killed. ,
I - ?iJwBSiaSr i >iM3m
HOW TO PREVENT SOIL FROM BLOWING
/ ' ,j ' ? ?
?~"-"WV I JMl IIT? r u, -mil r'?r" I rm
Root* of a Troo Exposed by Soil Blowing.
Preparw by the United Stated Depart
ment of Agriculture,)
Careful Investigation has shown that
he soli is always changing. Water
tnd wind are always at work moving
ts particles from place to place, car
ylng them ultimately Into the sea.
for the moat part this is a beneficial
irocess. Were each particle of soil
;o remain forever In one place," the
ertlllty of the land would be rapidly
izhausted. As it is. new, unweatbered
ind unexhausted fragments of the un
lerlylng rocks are continually adding
o the fertility ef the soil rone by tak
ng the place of the wornout particles
vhieh nature removes.
Under certain circumstances, how
iver, it frequently happens that this
irocess takes place too rapidly,- that
he particles of topsoll are removed
lefore the underlying rock frag moots
lave been sufficiently prepared to take
heir places. This is the case espedal
y in the arid and semlarid regions
md in sections where the soil Is par
icularly sandy in character. Under
luch conditions "soil blowing" may be
he cause of serious damage. In the
lrst place the soil Itself may be so
ilown away that subsoil insufficiently
veatbered and filled with humus to
te ready for crops, comes to'the sur
ace; and secondly, the crops them
ehres may be lost through the Blow
ng out of the seed or the uprooting,
rarial or cutting off of the young
Few General Expedients.
The best remedy, according to the
United States department of agricul
ure, for the farmer who finds himself
confronted with difficulties of this sort
s to adopt a system of crops which
rill cover his land with vegetation at
leasons when strong, dry winds are
nost prevalent; The exact system
rhlcb the Individual farmer should
ollow depends, of course, upon the
climate, the available markets, and
ither local factors. There are, how
iver, a few general expedients which
t would be well for him to bear in
nind. For example, if fall plowing is
tot necessary, the stubble of the last
Top should be left on the soil as late
is possible in the spring, or oats or
larley may be Sown in the late Sum
ner or early fall. The Tilants will be
dlled by the frost and will form a
irotectlve mat on the soil surface.
Inother expedient is to protect a slow
trowing crop from wind damage by a
lurse crop which, planted at the same
ime. will grow more rapidly and
ibleld the former until it is sufficiently
Sr advanced to take care of itself. A
bin seeding of rye and barley used in
connection with alfalfa is a common
able to abandon the summer fallow
altogether, substituting for It a lego
mlnoua crop which may be plowed
under In the fall. This practice hai
the great advantage Of adding humus
to the aoll, thereby not only Increas
lng ite fertility but also its resistance
to wind action. The presence of hu
man la Indeed one of the beat protec
tions against blowing, the presence of '
organic bodies In the soil Increasing
Its water-holding power and therefore
aiding In keeping the surface inolst.
The sandy trucking soils of the East
may nearly always be made naturally
resistant to wind action by the addi
tion of humus through the systematic
planting of leguminous crops.
Another Protection Method.
Another method of protecting fields
Is to plant rows of trees or bushes or
to build fences as windbreaks. This
Is effective but apt to be expensive
not only because of the actual cost
outlay Involved but because of the
amount of land which is left unpro
ductive. For this reason the use of
such artificial windbreaks can hardly
be recommended for extensive agri
culture, and is usually restricted to
the cultivation of fruits, garden vege
tables, etc. Where windbreaks are
erected, care should be taken to see
that they are composed of, trees or
bushes which do not harbor Insect
pests and whose roots will not spread
out Into the adjoining fields.
CARE FOR STALL-FED COWS
: .; v,. . in
At Regular Hours Animals Are Turned
Into Commodious Barnyards for
Fresh Air and Exercise.
Somehow many dairymen have
reached the wrong conclusions when
reading of dairy tarma where the
oows are stall-fed the year round. It
la by no means intended that the cog's
shall hare no outdoor exercise; on the
contrary, except for cows that are on
pasture entirely during the summer,
few cows are more intelligently exer
cised and proper ventilation furnished
them than stall-fed animals properly
brought up. At regular hours the ani
mals are turned Into commodious
barnyards for air and exercise. Dar
ing the winter this outdoor exercise
is as carefully looked after as during
the summer, and, In the majority of
cases, the cows occupy only sleeping
hours and milking hours in their sep
arate stalls, the balance of the time
being spent in large sheds.
Don't be afraid of the fresh air for
your animals during the winter; see
that they have all the outdoor exer
?' 1 11 **> " ?
A Border of Lombardy Poplars That 8arva aa a ^jlntfbreak.
nstance of this method On dry lands,
lowever, where the scarcity of water
oust be considered, this plan Is open
.0 the objection that the nurse crop
leprlves the soil of a certain amonnt
if much-needed moisture. Many farm
irs, therefore, prefer to introduce al
alia and similar slow-starting crops
>y drilling in the seed In high-cut stub
)le of thinly sewn millet or thickly
leeded kaflr corn.
fcummer Fallow Facilities.
The use ?(the summer fallow great
y facilitates excessive soil blowing In
lections where dangerous winds are
prevalent in the summer time, because
lie land Is left ..fully exposed. This
langer may be avoided to a consld
irable extent by seeding rows of
ioarse-growing crops at Intervals
icross the fallow fields at right angles
o the direction of the prevailing
rinds. Where the wind danger la es
pecially great It might even be deslr
Way to Warn Us of Thunderstorms,
to order to know when tt may have
o provide the power necessary loir In
beared Illumination, a New York elec
Tte service company has devised an
kppt.rates which will indicate the ap
>roach of a thunderstorm several
lours before any clouds appear The
ipparatus resembles wireless receiv
I1R equipment, and Is operated by faint
Bt pulses from electrical disturbances
n the atmosphere. Receiving antennas
ntercept the impulses, which cause.a
a lay to cloee an alarm-bell circuit At
else the weather will permit, but more
than all, see that the stables are prop
erly ventilated and aired. There are
a number of device* for this purpose,
and one of the best of them Is the
window frame covered with muslin
as described in this department two
weeks ago. Remember that close con
finement and foul air predispose the
now to tuberculosis, and that fresh air
and plenty of It will enable her to do
hsr share, not only as a milk produc
er. but as a mother.
A Overhaul the Dairy Barn.
If not attended to before, give the
dairy barn a thorough cleaning' and
overhauling. Provide plenty of freeh
air, but batten all cracka. Remember
that whitewash not only cleanses,
purines and beautifies the Interior of
? dairy barn but it increases the lliht
?an Important consideration these
dark days of winter.
drat the signals are Car apart, but aa
the electrical disturbance approaches
the bell rings more frequently. From
an hour to half an hour before the
atorm breaks, du>endlDg on the Inten
sity thereof, the bell will ring oootlnu
"Marie, here you arte giving me a
round of beef."
"And I askel you for a square
A Vision of the
Br REV. L W. GOSNELL
? H ? to d? Da. NUi BU. latfMM . J
TEXT?His servants shall serve him:
aruj they shall set* his face; and his name
thai) be in their forehead*.-Hev. B:J. 1
The Bible tells little of, the Inter
mediate state.- The early Christians
looked not lor
death, but for
? the coming of the
Lord. True, those
who are with
Christ are In a
blissful state, rest
ing from their
labors, "U home
with the Lord"
and enjoying the
sweets of Para
dise (Phil. 1:28:2,
Cot. ^8-. *, V.
margin; II Cor.
12:4). But "man
was made for cor
porelty" and will not reach perfection
until clothed with a glorified body. The
text exhlblta some privileges of the
finally redeemed who will dwell in
"the holy city, new Jerusalem."
"Hta servants shall serve him." The
common Idea of heaven Is as a place
of rest, and It will be so. Earth Is
full of weary ones, and the millions
who follow Buddhism, with Its teach
ing of annihilation as the final blessed
ness, are evidence of the craving for
rest But heaven may be a place of
rest and of service too. Says Mao
laren: "Work at Its Intensest, which
la pleasurable work and level to the
capacity of the doer, Is the truest form
of rest In vacuity there are stings
and torments: It Is only In Joyous ac
tivity which Is not pushed to the ex
tent of strain and unwholesome effort
that the true rest of man Is to be
What will the service be? Those
who are faithful over a few things
will be made rulers over many. In
"the regeneration." the apostles will
sit on thrones, Judging the 11 tribes
of Israel (Matt. 19:28); and we hear
of saints who will rule over five cities
or ten (Luke 18): this seems to point
to millennial times, when the glori
fied will share the government of
earth. Again, Ephealans 1:7 shows
we harfl-heen saved "that In the ages
to come he tnlght show the exceeding
riches of bis grace In I)ls kindness to
ward us through Christ Jesus." Won
dering angels will magnify the grace
of God in us One of large vision
says, "We know not what new worlds
may be created, what new spheres
may be opened for the exercise of (he
powers of. those who shall reign In
"His servants shall do him priestly
service," la the literal meaning of the
phrase before os. While It will be all
work, It will be all worship. It will
be the happy estate of Mary and
Martha combined. Work will be wor
ship and worship wilt be work, yet In
both we shall rest, sitting at Jesus'
. "They shall see his face." This
seems to contradict some' scriptures
which tell us man will never see God.
True, In a sense we can never see
God. God Is a spirit and cannot be
seen corporeally: we mry neVer be
hold more than a symbol of htm, as
Stephen saw "the glory of God," yet
this would not preclude our knowing
him, for "spirit with spirit can meet."
Moreover, we shall not see God In
the sense of finding him out to per
faction; he la Infinite and we shall
have always before us the joy- of dis
But while this Is true, we shall see
Jesus, who said, "He that hath seen
me hath seen the Father." He is the
vfbrd by whom God Is revealed. We
see now through a glass darkly, but
then, face to face. We would not min
imize the work of the Holy Ghost In
us, revealing Christ, but- the early
Christians longed to behold the face
of their Lord: their cry was, "Even so,
come, Lord Jesus."
Knowing as I am known,
How shall I love that word.
And oft repeat before the throne?
"Forever with the Lord."
"His name shall be In their fore
heads." This speaks of ownership.
But It suggests likeness, too. for In
Scripture the name stands for mani
fested character; we shall have God's
image stamped upon us. We seek to
be holy now, but there we shall have
attained. "We shall be tyke him."
There Is no sin In heaven:
Behold that happy throng.
All glorious In their spotless robes,
AI1 holy in their song!
"Our light affliction, which is but for
a moment, worketh for us a far more
exceeding and eternal weight of glory,
while we look not at the things which
are seen, but at the things which are
not seen: for the things which are
seen are temporal; but the things
which ate not seen are eternal. For
we know that if our earthly house of
this tabernacle were dissolved, we
have a building of God, a house not
made with hands, eternal in the heav
ens" (H Cor. 4:17-5:1).
Where Leva la, Thara la God.
Thoughts that disturb and trouble us
seldom come from Gad. It Is generally
beet to put them away, and thrpw our
self, with Increased trust In hlin and
mistrust of salt, at his feet. And never
forget, amid whatever may befall you
?dryness, coldness, desolation and
disappointment, consciousness of many
faults, and of great weakness and want
of faith?that where love Is there God
is sure to be. Ha never yet has suf
fered any soul to fall wholly from hlra
which, amid all Its /ralltles and falls
clings to him in love.?H. Ly Sidney
PREVENT IMMENSE LOSS FROM BAP E66S |
Top Row: 1?Fertile Egg After 24 Houre of Incubation; 2? Fertile
Egg After 38 Houre of Incubation; 3?Fertile Egg After 48 Houre of lnc?
betion; 4? Fertile Egg After 72 Houre of Incubation; 5?Fertile Egg After
7 Oaye of Incubation.
Bottom Row: Showe from Left to Right the Condition of Infertile
Egge After 24 Houre, 38 Houre, 48 Houre, 72 Houre, and 7 Oaye of Inee
(By H. M. I.AMON.I
The loci to the farmers of the Uni
ted States from bad methods of pro
ducing and handttng eggs In estimated
at t4S.000.000 annually. It in also
estimated that tl5.000.000 of this loss
Is due to blood rings. Every dollar
or this loss from blood rings Is di
rectly' preventable on the farm.
Blood rings are a certain stage of
chick development In the egg Heat
develops the germ until It becomes a
blood ring. Blood rings often develop
in the neat and In an unhealed room
In tbe bouse during hot weather.
Blood rings are troublesome only In
Blood rings cannot be produced In
tbe Infertile egg. Infertile eggs are
eggs laid by hens that are not allowed
to run with a male bird. A little study
of this subject should quickly con
vince one that the Infertile egg Is the
quality egg; therefore, produce It, by
never allowing the male birds to run
with the hens except at hatching time.
nod realize more money (or bettor
eggs. Egg production U not Influenced
by tbe preaonco of the male.
The ben'a greatest profit-sharing
period Is the first and second year,
and unless a ben la an exceptionally
good breeder she should be disposed
of at . tho; end Qt her second laying
season and before starting to molt,
few eggs can be expected until tho
pullets, are matured
If possible, mark the py lints that
lay In tbe fall, and use them In tho
breeding pens for the following spring.
Begin marketing the cockerels M .
soon as they , weigh one and one-half
pounds or attain a marketable size.
Keep the nests and bouses clean.
Whitewash Is very effective against
vermin. ? Provide a dust bath for the
fowls. This enables them to get rid
of lice. Tbe free use of kerosene on
the roosts and In the cracks will ex
terminate mites. If the above sug
gestions are followed * high duality
of eggs < Is assured.
CLOVE HITCH IS VERY HANDY
Simple. Convenient and 8ecure Meth
od of Fattening Ropca?Illustra
tion Shows How Made.
One of the moat useful and handy
hitches for the farmer la that known
at the "clove hitch." It It simple,
convenient and secure, and used most
The Clove Hitch.
m fastening tent or ouier guy ropes
The hitch Is merely two halt hitches
made opposite to each other, and can
easily be made, as the Illustration
shows. The bitch can be formed be
fore It Is dropped over the stake, or
it can be made as It Is put on by
making one half hitch at a time.
SUPERIOR FEED FOR WINTER
Sorghum and Corn Make Luxuriant
Growth in South and Big Yields of
Silage Can Be Secured.
Forage plants, such as sorghum
and corn, make a very luxuriant
growth in the southern latitudes and
large yields ot silage can be pro
duced per acre. This sllaga is
an excellent feed for, wintering the
breeding herd, or tor finishing the
animals for the market The use of
silage In a fattening ration almost in
variably Increases the slxe ot the
dally gains, cheapens the gains,
lengthens the period during which
cattle can be fed cottonseed meal
economically and without danger, and
results In better finish, fatter cattle,
and greater profits per head. The
leguminous hays as alfalfa, cowpeas,
lespedexa, red clover, and vetch, a^d
the corn stover and oat straw are
good rough reeds to use In conjunc
tion with silage.
PLAN TO MAKE CHEAP PORK
Farmer Who Attempt* to Raieo Pig*
on Straight Corn Ration Doaa
Well If He Come* Out Even.
The queatlon of how to produce
cheap pork ie no longer a debatable
one, Bays the Southern Farm Journal.
It has been aettled beyond all doubt
that cheap pork comee from pasture
crops, and not from grain alode. The
man who tries to grow pigs on a
straight corn ration does well If he
comes out even. The man who has
skim milk or some nitrogenous con
centrate (which means simply some
feed rich In protein?tankage, soy
bean meat, etc.) to feed along with
his corn may make a profit on his
feeding If he Is ? good feeder. The ,
man with plenty of good grazing crops |
for his hogs can prodbce pork for
three to five cents a pound.
Little Things Count.
Repairs In time save labor and ex
pense. A gate hinge out of orde#. a
board off the barn, a fence broken
down, a lack of paint en buildings In
dicate the farmer before every visitor.
Tobacco Plant Insect*.
? ;The principal Insects affecting the
tobacco plant are the cutworms, horn i
or tobacco worms and the grasshop- 1
pers. Late fall plowing *ls one of tho
most simple .'eafis for reducing the
numbers of cutwormg and tobacco i
worms especially. ,
, y ? -i
Not lulled to Garden.
The larger sorts of corn and most of
the vines are not suited for th* gar
Jen. The pumpkins and squashes. |
together with the larger varieties qf <
tweet corn, belong out In the field. I
DEMAND IS FOR FOODSTUFFS
Large Surplue of Cotton Make* It Im
perative That Cotton Acreage la
South Be Reduced.
With the proipect of having a largo
surplus of cotton left on our hands
next year, on account of the condi
tion of the foreign uiarkets. It seams
Imperative that the cotton acreage
be reduced In 1915. In the reduction
of this acreage a crop should be sub
stituted that la adapted to our soil
and climate and has a market valna.
The same agencies that have so
quickly reversed the cotton altratioa
have built up a great demand foe
foodstuffs, and it la very plain that
the farmers should mske the most of
that circumstance, tn Louisiana oats
Is probably the best crop with which
to meet the new market conditions.
1. Oats gre well adapted to our soil
1. Oata fit well Into almost any plan
of crop rotation.
8. Oats will make an excellent sub
stitute for our short com crop.
4. If sown In October, oats Is one
of the sorest of our grain crops.
5. Oats furnish splendid pss.uree
for all kinds of live stock during the
6. Oats proeklc a cover crop for
the land during the winter, which
checks the leaching and washing of
A few suggestions regarding the y
planting of the crop:
L Prepare the ground thoroughly
and see that It la well settled before
2. Plant only home-grown or Louisi
ana oats, of the red rustproof va
3. Plant from two to two and n
half bushels to the acre.
4. Remember that October is tho
month for oat planting. Pall out*
will do much better than spring oata.
5. Treat oata for araut. The treat
ment la -simple and Inexpensive, but
efficient,?Louisiana Experiment Sta
Proper tra.nlng count* for much ta
a dairy cow.
? ? ?
With cow* long in milk the butter
will come tlo'wly.
? ? ?
Successful agriculture mean* sell
ing without waste.
* * *
It Is hard to regain a milk flow that
ha* once been loat.
e ? e
Glre the colts exercise. Good teed
and exercise go together.
? ? ?
A little too much churning often
Injures the butter by destroying the
grain. ' v, ?
? ? ?
Never abruptly change the swine
ration front sour to sweet feeds or
? ? ?
Study the Individual cow and feed
her according to her power of turning
feeds into finished product. "x
? ? *
, A- little oil meal In the feed will
tiWlp <to make the coat shlae. but dont
neglect the regular brushing.
? ? ?
The cows should not be driven fast
er than a walk while on the way to
the place of milking or feeding.
* ? ?
A dirty collar will make a sore
shoulder. Don't neglect to clean it
? ? ?
It is a waste of fertility to allow
the hogs to run on one Held for years
at a time without changing them from
tidSe to time.
? ? ?
Brood sows should never be allowed .jS
lo run in the same yards with cattto
or horses. Many good sows have been
ruined by a kick
? ? ?
The value of an ewe can be mot*
nearly determined when she wean*
her lamb If the youngster Is strong, j?j;
? f good sfite and well fleshed, be euro
:ba^the mother 1* worth keeping