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IM EAST WAR ZONE
?OTM RUSSIAN AND AUSTRO
OCRMAN ARMIES HAVE AS
~$tnrr ketchs ?* ?e west
Campaign In the Carpathian* Vital to
. Both Sida* Ruaaiana Ara Attack
ing Awatro-Qarman Forcea.
Loqdoa.?With the armies tn Franc*
and Flanders recuperating after stren
uous lighting of earlier days of the
week and no local actions being re
corded, Interest In the war situation
has been transferred to the Russian
offensive in Bast Prussia and the at
tempt of a strong Austro-Oerman
army to dislodge the troops of Em
peror Nicholas from their positions In
Ia Bast Prussia a Russian offensive
has developed in the extreme north,
where renewed fighting seems to con
firm a ballet that a definite effort to
advance north of the Masurian Lathes
district, where previously the Russians
were defeated haa been decided on by
the Russian General Staff.
More vital to both sides, however. Is
the campaign in the Carpathians,
where southwest of Dukla Pass. the
Russians have delivered an energetic
attack. According to their account of
the combat titer compelled the Aus
tro-Oermans to retreat, leering behind
ammunition and atorea. This attack,
according to military observers, Indi
cated a Russian attempt to turn the
flank ot the Teuton Allies. If It would
hare serious consequences tor the
large AustToOerman army In and
about the Carpathian Passes.
Russian military experts anticipated
that the Austrlaas will deliver thalr
main attack with their extreme right
In Western Bukowlna, aiming to
achieve a signal victory and thus give
Roumanla cause to pause. The only
thing holding Roumanla In check at
present It Is said Is uncertainty as to
what Bulgaria will do. Bulgaria It is
asserted still demands that part of
Macedonia now under Serbian rule as
the price of her neutrality and Serbia
1s reported unwilling to make this con
CARRANZA TAKES MEXICO CITY.
General Orbregon Head of the Cap
r ranza Forces Now In Capital.
Mexico Ctty?The capital Is again
In possession of the forces of General
Carranxa who, while acting as pro
visional president was forced to leave
Mexico City, early In November under
threat of Villa and Zapata's advancing
troops. The new authorities have re
? established order and a general feel
ing of confidence prevails.
It has been determined that the
shooting which occured before the
national palace, when Gen. Alvaro
Orbregon at the bead of the Carranxa
forces, reached that place was done
by snipers who were hidden on the
cathedral roof. Gen. Orbregon said'
the shots were undoubtedly directed
towards him. The perpetrators have
not been captured. Three soldiers
were killed and a number wounded
during the fighting.
All saloons are closed. Commercial
houses and banks declare they will
resume business Immediately.
10,000 additional Carranxa troops en
tered the capital. The Zaptlsta troops
have retreated southward.
French Official Statement.
Paris?It Is comparltlve quiet along
the battle line In France, judging-from
the official announcement ~By the
French war office. There were artille
ry engagements, some of them fairly
violent at different places and one
or two Infantry encounters are men
tioned. Apparently long sections of
the line showed no activity whatev
? District "Jim Crow" Bill.
Washington?A bill by Represent
ative Clark of Florida requiring Dis
trict of Columbia transportation com
panies to provide separate accommo
dations for white and negro races,
was favorably reported to the house
by the district committee.
Consider Naval Appropriation.
Washington?The House met to be-:
gin consideration of the naval appro
priation bill carrying about $148,000,
000. Indications were that the meas
ure would provoke lively debate. The
agricultural appropriation bill, carry
ing more than $22,000,060 was paw
ed In the House and sent to the Sen
ate. Only two of the appropriation
bills the urgent deficiency and the
District of Columbia?have passed
the Senate. AH of the big supply bills
except the naval, the sundry civil,
pensions, have passed the house.
Effect Has Been Good.
. .New York?Rockefeller donations
to educational institutions, have influ;
enced policies of presidents of univer
sities and colleges in many Instances,
but the Influence has always been
good, said Charles \J'. Eliot, presi
dent emertus of Harvard, at the In
dustrial Commission's inquiry. Dona
tions, Dr. Eliot said, to which he re
ferred, were made by the general
board. He cited John D. Rockefeller's
offer in 1908 to furnish one million
dollars to Harvard if the university
would raise $875,000 additional.
Surgeons Work In Flames
Walla Walla. Wash.?When St.
Mary's hospital burned citizens hur
ried to the scene with automobiles and
160 patients were rescued. David
Broughet was on the operating table,
and with the flames raging in the
wooden structure, surgeons finished
the operation before transferring the
patient to another hospital. The mer
cury was within a few degrees of
zero and many of the patients be
came badly chilled before quarters
could be found for them Damage to
the building amounts to $106,000.
GENERAL VON MACKENSEN
Gen. von Mackensen le one of tha
kaiser's boat commanders In ths east
ern theater of war.
"V. ? , ' l-'** ?
HOLDING NIGHT SESSIONS
EFFORT WILL BE MADE BY THE
DEMOCRATS TO TIRE OUT
Commerce Committee Substitutes
Ceucue Bill for Original Bill.
ers In the senate, asserting that the
Republicans were conducting a filibus
ter against the government ship-pur
chase bill, determined to wear out the
opposition In long night sessions. One
had been planned but It was abandon
ed as a courtesy to Senator Oatllnger,
the minority leader, who had spoken
for several hours and had not con
cluded his remarks.
After an executive session the sen
ate resumed open session late In the
day when the night meeting pronun
clament was delivered by Majority
"It is fair to minority senators,"
said Senator Kern, "to state that the
majority proposes to meet what we
bellve to be a filibuster against this
bill by holding night session.
-? Senator QalUnger declared that he
was ready to proceed but the majority
Insisted, upon allowing him to rest
and the senate recessed.
Democratc senators were aroused
when after the way had been opened
for business for the first time In ten
days, Republicans began reading the
long journal of proceedings as well
as speeches on various subjects, sub
mitting them for Introduction In The
The commerce committee voted to
report as a substitute for the original
the bill as amended by the Democratic
caucus. It rejected Senator Lodge's
amendment to prohibit government
purchase of ships owned by belliger
ents. It will soon consider an amend
ment by Senator Jones to' provide
that the government purchase no.
ships at all but either construct or
charter them. Democrats will not re
ceive this amendment favorably.
WILL NOT SEIZE POOD STUFFS.
uermany rromiiH unnoa ouics
Not to Detain Cargooo.
Washington.?Count von Bernstorff,
the Oer.nr- Ambassador, notified the
State Department that Germany had
given official assurance that the Gov
ernment Would seize no foodstuffs
shipped frorm the United States to
Germany. The Ambassador's notifi
cation was given verbally, but it was
understood he later will send a formal
note on the subject.
Officials surmised that the Em
bassy might have been Istructed to
make this communication as an ex
planation tbpt exports from America
would not be affected by the announc
ed purpose of the Oerrmgn Govern
ment to seize food_supplles as report
ed in BeTlin news dispatches. No
word had come, however, either to the
Embassy or the State Department,
concerning this announcement.
The department- cabled Ambassa
dor Gerard at Berlin for Information
concerning Germany's Intention to ap
prcpriits "hsit, corn 2nd flour.
* ?' ' r ?
British Are Successful.
London.?Both British and French
official reports assert that all these
attacks failed and that the Germans
suffered heavy losses. The Germans
admit their attack on the British
north of the canal was unsuccessful,
but say that on the south side of the
waterway their efforts brought com
plete success and that the British at
tempt to re-capture these trenchps
was repulsed, with heavy losses.
These attacks followed a heavy Brit
ish bombardment of German positions
beyond La Baa see.
U. S. Steel Suspends Dividends.
New York.?The United States
Steel Corporation suspended the div
idend of 1-2 of 1 per cent on the
common stock for the last three
months of 1914. Chairman E. H. Gary
Issued this statement: "The earnings
tor the quarter of 1914 were so small
that the board of directors after care
ful consideration reluctantly decided
to suspend, for the present the pay
ment of dividends on the common
stock. Business conditions are slow
ly imprrovlng and It Is hoped that re
sumption, may not be long deferred."
THE LITERACY- TEST FOREIGN
TO THE AMERICAN. IDEA, MR.
SENATE FAVORS THE BILL
Effort Will Bo Mado to Paaa the Bill
Over President'* Veto, Bat Many
Bolitv* Cannot Bo Don*. ~
Washington.?President Wilson ve
toed the Immigration bill because of
the literacy test for admission of
aliens. .His message was referred to
the house Immigration committee,
whose chairman. Representative Burn
ett, will move that the measure be
passed over the veto.
Much Informal discussion among
members of the house followed re
ceipt of the veto and there were many
who believed the two-thirds majority
required to pass the. olll could not
I be Dropured Immigration hills con
talnlng literacy testa were vetoed by
Prsluent Cleveland and President
Taft, but botb tailed of repassage.
Senate leaders Insist there would be
no trouble In repassing tbe bill in the
upper bouse. That was done In'the
Taft administration but the lower
house failed to muster a two-thirds
In his veto message President Wil
son told the house which originated
the bill, that he had no pride of opin
ion on the question and that he was
not foolish enough to profess to know
the wishes and ideals of America bet
ter than the body of her chosen Rep
resentatives know them." He asked,
however, whether the bill rested upon
the conscious and universal assent
and desire of the American people and
pointed out that no political party
ever had avowed a policy of restric
tion in this fundametal matter gone to
the country on It and been commis
sioned to control Its legislation.
small battles everywhere.
French Claim Germans Have Lost
London?Although no big battles,
as battles go In this war, have been
fought of late, there have been engage
ments in all the arenas from Asia
tic Turkey to the English Channel In
which the losses in men and material
probably have been greater In the
aggregate than in many of tbe battles
at history. According to French re
ports, German attacks against the
allied lines In Flanders, France and
Alsace on the first three days of the
week cost them 20,000 men, to which
must be added the losses suffered In
repeated attacks on tbe Russian en
trenchments in Central Poland.
All attacks in the West, the Allies'
announcements say, failed except
near Craonne, where It It admitted
the French lost 800 men, largely be
cause of. the collapse of an old quarry.
The Germans on the other hand,
assert that they Inflicted a severe de
feat on the French at Craonne and
that they repulsed all French attacks
in the Vosges and upper Alsace, with
Senator Walsh Replies.
Washington.?Senate Democrats re
turned the fire of Republicans who for
two weeks have been .assailing tbe
Government ship purchase bill. Sen
ator Walsh, In an elaborate argument,
replying to Senator Root's predic
tion that International difficulties
would result from the measure, quoted
prize court decisions. State Depart
ment records and legal authorities of
many nations to show that the bills
proposals were within international
Barge for President Wilson.
Portsmouth, N. H.?A 40-foot barge
of mahogany and highly-polished nick
el, built at the navy yard here for
tbe use of President Wilson during
his intended visit with the battleship
fleet to the Panama Canal Exposition
was glveo speed trials. Tbe craft
developed a speed of 18.38 knots. It
win oe Bern 10 nampion noaas woen
finished to be slang aboard the bat
tleship New York.
President Should Appoint.
Charlottesville, Vs.?Former Presi
dent William H. Tait in his second
lecture on the Barhour-Page Founda
tion at the University of Virginia,
spoke particularly of the president's
power of appointment. He made
many faults with It and urged Its mod
ification in numerous ways. "The ef
fect of the present power of appoint
ment upon the president's prestige
and control in congress," he said, "Is
shown In the gradual Impairment of
his influence with members of con
gress S3 his term lengthens."
Waiting on Revenue.
Washington. ? Administration lead
ers In conference with President
Wilson decided there was no Imme
diate need for legislation to Ihcrease
the Government's revenues. They
agree that at the end of the fiscal
year the Government would be In a
better position to estimate the effects
of the European war and decide what,
should be done. Secretary McAdoo
said his estimate that at the end
would be a deficit of $10,000,000 was
of the fiscal year next June there
Confer With Rockefeller.
New York.?John D. Rockefeller,
Jr., conferred with representatives of
the Colorado mine workers for two
and a halt hours In the offices qf the
president of the Rockefeller Founda
tion at No. $< Broadway. The con
dition of the employes of the Colo
rado Fuel A Iron Co., of which Mr.
Rockefeller is a director, was discuss
ed. Neither Mr. Rockefeller flor the
miners officials would discuss the con
ference in detail. Mr. Rockteller said
there had been an exchange of views.
Tha fortunaa of Roumanla and Bul
garia will bo mora aloaaly camanted
bafora long by tha marriaga of Prln
eaaa Elizabeth of Roumanla and
Crown Prlnea Borla of Bulgaria.
TAKE CENSUS OF JOBLESS
PRESIDENT'8 ADVISORS BELIEVE
CONDITIONS OF UNEMPLOY
Secretary ef Labor I ntrutted With
Duty Making Inquiry Into
Washington.?The Wilson Adminis
tration has decided to get at the bot
tom ot the statements that there Is a
Widespread condition of unemployment
in the country. - Soma ot the Presi
dent's advisers contend that the situa
tion Is not as represented, and they
believe that something should be done
to counteract what they regard as a
falserlmpresslon that has been created
largely. In their opinion, for political
purposes. The representations made
to the President in this connection
have had their effect, and it has been
determined to make an Investigation
to ascertain the facts.
To the Secretary of Labor has been
Intrusted the duty of conducting- the
Inquiry, and he has decided to begin
work in New York City, where con
ditions of unemployment are repre
sented to be worse than at any time In
the Nation's history. The Secretary
of Labor will ask the New York auth
orities to Instruct the police, In con
junction with the work of taking the
city census this' year, to ascertain the
number of persons unemployed In
New York City.
If such an arrangement cannot be
made, the Department of Labor will
send an additional force of agents to
New York to do the work as well as
they can. These agents will endeavor
to check up on the figures furnished
by the police, and In that way seek
to determine the situation as accu
rately as possible, In the absence of
an adequate force of Government enu
GERMAN BATTLESHIP 8UNK.
British Fleet Scores Another Victory
in North Sea.
London.?An attempt by a German
cruiser squadron to repeat the recent
attack on Scarborough, the Hartlle
pools and other British coast towns,
was frustrated by the British patroll
ing squadron, and in a running fight
the German armored cruiser Blucher
was sunk and two Gorman battle
cruisers seriously damaged.
The British ships suffered only
slight Injury. So far as Is known
only 123 of the Blqcher's crew of 885
A battle also occurred between the
light cruisers and destroyers accom
panying the bigger ships, but the re
sult of that engagement has net yet
reached the admiralty.
The British were superior In ships
engaged, Weight of armament and
speed and the flight of the German
ships Into the mine and submarine
Infested field possibly saved them from
Battleships May Not Be Able to Pass.
Washington. ? Colonel Goethals,
Governor of the Canal Zone, reported
to President Wilson that hard work
on the slides at Gold HUl.and Cucara
cha gave no promise of a guarantee
that battleships could pass through
the waterway for the opening cere
monies In March. The presidential
party may be taken around slides
by train.. ? r _ ? .
Wilmington?With her hatches seal
ed and cargo certified by the collector
of customs the American steamer
City of Columbus, Captain Johnson
Teceived her clearance papers and
sailed for Rotterdam with a cargo of
10,000 bales of cotton for trans-ship
ment for Germany. The ship has been
under constant observation of a cus
tom official since her arrival for the
purpose of certification. The City of
Columbus Is the third from this port
this season with cotton for Germany
Root Fears Ship Bill.
Washington.?Grave fear that the
pending government ship-purchase
bill, if carried Into effect, would in
volve the United States (u serious In
ternational controveriffas was express
ed In the senate by Senator .Root ol
New York. Addressing himself large
ly to the legal aspects of the measure
and what the administration plans to
do under It the senator also charged
the Democrats with attempting tb
rush the bill through by "brute force
and weight of votes" and warned his
colleagues against the danger.
GARZA AND TROOPS
FLEE CAPITAL CHI!
WILL ESTABLISH NEW SEAT OF
GOVERNMENT AT CUERNAVA"
CA NEAR BY.
CARRANZATROOPS ARE NEAR
Commanded By General Alveredo
the Carranea Forces Are Expected
to Enter Mexico City Boon.
Mexico City.?The Prorielonal Pres
ident Garza and hie Government loft
the Capital for Cuernavaca where a
new soot of Government will be stab
The last contlnsenta of the army of
evacuation have passed out and the
army of occupation lingers on the out
skirts of the city, bet Is expected to
AU the commercial houses and
banks and even private dwellbigs are
barred and shuttered, although no dis
order baa attended the fleeing of the
Zapata and VUla forces.
The National Palace, the Federal
telegraph and post offices and other
Government establlabments are eloe
ed The Incoming Carranta forces
are commanded by General Alva
rado, former post commander here.
Food prices have soared beyond the
reach of the needy. The supply of
food Is low and unless the' railway
line to Vera Crux la opened toon It la
believed there will be much suffering
The Government's decision to quit the
Capital come after a heated discussion
at the .session of the convention. It
was decided President Garsa, bis Gov
ernment and members of the conven
tion should proceed after midnight to
Cnernavaca. Colonel Oarxa and Oea.
Ernesto Santoscoy are reported to
have departed on a special locomotive.
The deputies who have not left al
ready will be forced to proceed from
the city In automobiles as there id
no fuel for the locomotives. *
Zapata's troops are entraining In
30 electric trains In Xovhljmllco and
There Is a rumor In circulation
that the vanguard of General Obre
gon's troops Is four miles from the
In a secret session of the conven
tion some of the deputies demanded
that General Zapata be called upon
personalty to take command of his
troops and light tie forces of Car
ranza. However, It was decided aft
erwards that the Capital be aban
doned and the municipal council lfft
in charge. Previously the convention
voted to dismiss General Palafox.
Minister of Agriculture, because of his
alleged incapacity In directing opera
TURK INVA8ION OP EGYPT.
First Skirmish of the War In Sunn
Canal Region Occurs.
London.?The advance guard of the
Turkish army undertaking an Inva
sion of Egypt has reached the British
In this region took place. Official
reports say the clash was a small af
fair. only one, British officer being
wounded, but dispatches from Cairo
declare the lnv|ders suffered severely
from the British" machine guns.
The dispatches do not disclose the
size of the Turkish force engaged, but
say the fight took place east of El Kan
tara which Is on the Sizes Canal and
Is the terminus of the caravan route
from Rafati, the border station be
tween Egypt rfnd 8yrla. The distance
from Rafati to El Kantara Is 143 miles
and, as the British had filled In all the
wells along the caravan route, the In
vaders would have he<f*to carry their
own water. Evnft El Kanatara Is sup
plied by a pipe line from s fresh water
stream which runs under the Suez
No Records of Blease's Administration
Columbia, S. C.?Governor Manning
In a special message to the senate
asked that the general assembly ap
point a committee to examine Into
the fact that there were no records
of the previous administration. All
of these records are said to have been
removed. The message was referred
to the Judiciary committee for action.
James H. Parker Dead.
New York.?James Parker, president
of the Mutual Alliance Trust Com
pany and prominent among business
men In the city, died after ah Illness
of several weeks from blood-poisoning.
A slight cut. caused by broken glass
1U ft Dnillftlllft uuur, ftftl IftBpUUBJIHV.
Born In Johnston county. North Caro
lina, 72 years ago, Mr. Parker served
throughout the Civil War as a lieu
tenant of cavalry. During his resi
dence here he had been president of
tlie New York Cotton Exchange and
prominent In other business.
Thaw Pleads "Not Guilty."
New York:?Harry K. Thaw plead
ed not guilty to the charge of conspir
acy under which he was brought here
from New Hampshire. His trial was
set for February 23. Meanwhile he
la to remain a prisoner In the Tombs
his counsel having agreed not to ap
ply for ball. No attempt will be made
by the state to have Thaw committed
to the Mattewan asylum, pending his
trial, unless his lawyers change their
decision not to apply for ball. Deputy
Attorney General Franklin Kennedy
is In charge of the state's case.
Tift Favors One Term.
?Charlottesville, Va.?Former Presi
dent William H. Taft In an address de
livered at the University of Virginia
emphasised his belief In the one-term
Idea as applied to the office of Presi
dent of the United States. "I am
strongly Inclined to the view," he said,
"that it would have been'a wiser pro
vision, as It was at one time voted In
the convention to make the /term of
the President seven years and render
him Ineligible' thereafter. Bach a
change would give to the executive
SPENT IN NORTH CAROLINA
Tar HmIi Oat *41,672.50 From I he
Fadaral Department of Agrieul
tura Laat Yaar.
Washington. v-The statement of ex
penditures of the Department of Agri
culture tor 1*14 la Just out. It carries
tha following ttama lor North Caro
For aoil eurveye: Bladen county,
11.118.57; Foreyth county, $1,185.55;'
Randolph county, 51,0*3.15; Rowan
county, $185.80; Union county, 5455.54;
Waka county, 51,055.15: on account
of elate aoil agent 51,458.05. Total
Wake county was surveyed In part
during fiscal yaar 1818. ' Randolph,
Rowan and Union counties will be
completed during the Secal yaar 1815.
Money expended under the Weeks
law for property la the Appalachian
forests Include: Mount Mitchell lands
54,118.58; Mantahala. 53,785.84; Bar
vanttah, 52,758.78. The total expen
ditures under this law during the year
amounted to 562,116.14. The sale of
timber from Appalachian resources to
For the keeping of Weather Bu
reaus these sums were expanded:
Asheville, 81.603.31; Charlotte, 33.
858.41; Hatteras, 31,174.88; Raleigh.
311,265.07; Wilmington, 34.066.40.
The total expenditures of the De
partment of Agriculture for the fiscal
year ending Pane 30, 1514, were 310.
312,547.15, of which amount 320,030.
??? ft??u miu f?o?,i?v.o? uui
standing August 31, 1*14.
1,000 Member* Home-Made Meat Club.
Weat Raleigh.?One thousand mem
ber* have enrolled aa members of the
Home-Made Meat Clnb, an organisa
tion which has a* Its purpose the or
ganisation and lnetructlon of clubs
for the promotion of the raising of
more meet In the bound* of North
The animal husbandry department
of the Experiment Station la conduct
ing the clubs. The Cect that the <oe
ganlsatloif Is only s year old and has
st present en rolledf 1.000 members Is
evidence that the efforts of the pro
moters are meeting with success
Since the first of January 100 of these
members have been enrolled.
Prof. IJan T. Gray, In charge of the
swine Industry division, states that
a definite system of crop rotation will
be planned for the different sections
of the state. In the eastern part of
the State, as a rule, the growing of
peanuts will be encouraged. On In
stance has bdfcn noted In Edgecombe
county where a farmer raised 20,750
pounds of pork on 140 acres of pea
nut land after the harvest had been
Jones county farmers are planning
a cotton acreage reduction compalgn.
Cltisens of Raleigh are making a
special effort to retain the state school
Congressman H. L. Godwin who has
been spending some time at his home>
at Dunn has returned to Washington.
Pamlico county has had a woman
notary, public for several years. She
is Miss Charlotte Muse of Cash Cor
More than 00 have presented-their
claims as' heirs of Sam Merrick, the
Wilmington negro who died recently
leaving 36.000 In silver dollars and
Congraasmen-elect James J. Brltt of
Ashevllre told a large audience of
Hendersonville people recently in his
interesting way about bow to build
and advertise a city.
Pamlico county Is one of the beet
sweet potato growing counties In the
state and the farmers of that section
have during the past four months re
ceived thousands of dollars from the
sale of the tubers.
Before the Legislators has granted
the authority to Issue them New
Hanover connty has tentatively sold
135.000 worth of workhouse bonds,
which run for 30 years and draw five
per cent lntereetr
lt Is very probable that Mrs. C. B.
Aycock will be appointed aa postmis
tress at Raleigh.
Salisbury and Raleigh are both bid
ding for the state school for the blind.
Mr. Hugh A. Murrui, Jr., of Cfcar
lotte, wa? appointed by Congressman
Webb, a cadet to We*t Point. Mr.
Purvey Snmmey of Dallas was named
as first alternate and Mr. Henderson
Hall of Belmont as second alternate.
Newborn is making ample prepara
tions for entertaining the (tremens'
association this summer.
P. P. Clazton, U. S. Commissioner
of Education will speak at a public
Bchool convention at West End, Hoke
county, February 18.
Programs are being mailed to the
members of the Southern Ice Ex
change for the 26th annual meeting
of that organization at Astrevllle, Feb
Oaatonia's fire Insurance rate will
be substantially reduced as the result
of the purchase of a triple combination
motor-driven flTe truck, the putting on
of a paid fire depatment and a num
ber of other important changes that
E. D. Latta of Charlotte has let the
contract for 8260,000 block of buildings
at that place.
Much road repair work is being
done in Lincoln as the wet weather
had played havoc with the new sand
clay roads in that county.
Strong tributes were paid to the late
Rev. Thomas Lawrence, D. D., LL.
D? at a memorial service conducted
at Ashevllle at the Oakland Heights
Presbyterian Church. The deceased
vfas the founder of the Normal and
Collegiate Institute and the students
of that institution attended the ser
vice in a body.
Adjutant General Laurence W.
Young has Issued commissions to W.
C. Albright as first lieutenant and R.
A. Blizzard as second lieutenant of
Company I, First Regiment, Mount
Alryi These men were elected by the
company in compliance with a recent
Spray has become a model com
munity. An up-to-date health officer,
sanitary Inspector, medical examina
tion of school children and drinklag
water looked after are some of the
things accomplished, and a program of
systematic health education lnaugurti
CAPT. P. L. BLACK ADDRESRBB
NORTH CAROLINA ASSOCIA
TION AT GOLDSBORO,
t 1 B
MEW OFFICERS ARE ELECTED
Major York Coleman, of RuthorforB
ton Succeeds CapL Black of Char
lotto aa ProaldenL
Goldsboro. ? The North Carolina
National Guard Assoclatloo^atfjpurned
a two days' sesalon voting the stay
In Goldaboro In every way enjoyable.
The following ofllcera wero elected:
President, Ma J. York Colaman, Ruth- .
erfordton; vice president. Gen. Laur
ence W. Young, Raleigh; secretary
) and treasurer, Capt. W. A. Pair, Un
conton; aaalatsnt secretary and treas
urer, Commander Wilson of Naval Re
serves, Elisabeth City. Tha business
session was purely routine la detail
and full of Interest and Information
to the delegates.
The opening session was held In the
court house, the meeting being called
to order with the roll call, after which
prayer was offered by Rev. J. H. Dick
inson, pastor of the Episcopal church,
vhlch was an Inspiring and touching
An address of welcome on behalf
of the city was eloquently delivered
by .8. P. Teague, of the local bar, on
behalf of the Chamber of Commerce,
by Hon. M. H. Allen, on behalf of
local military officers, by Col. John D.
Langeton, followed with a response by
MaJ. R. T. Daniel. Then followed the
feature of the session, tha address by
the president of the association, Capt.
P. L Black, of Charlotte, who dis
cussed many matters of Importance
the keynote of which was for the bet
terment of the military forces of the
state, which eras vary Interesting and
listened In wlih ~i~
?7 ? Vivw micuuuu.
"Grant this to be true," sold Presi
dent Black, in his speech, "as to the
volunteers offering their service?this
it not the point?what will theae same
volunteers know about warfare?how
many of them are trained soldiers? It
would be an armed mob Instead of
armed and trained soldiers. It takes
time to make and train a soldier;
therefore, to, delay strengthening our
forces is dangerous. I might safely
say suicidal. Where will the trained
officers come from to handle our vol
unteers? Our ipgular establishment
is already abort and can ill spare any
more for volunteers. Secretary Gar
rison Isaaktng fob one thousand addi
tional office is now. The only real so
lution Is to stir up our people to our
needs and all join in a concerted'ef
fort to get ' our national legislative
body to do something and at once.
None of ns want war but when it does
come we want trained soldiers and
plenty of them." . , 'i
Blown~Down by Heavy Wind.
Black Mountain.?News comes to
Black Mountain through the person
of J. F. Luady, chief engineer for the
Perley * Crockett Lumber Co., which
Is getting lumbgr from. Mount 'Mitch
ell and vicinity that the fcllsha Mitch
ell moumnent was not dynamited, but
was blown down by a very heavy gale
ef wind. It was through this source
of information the first news came
that the monument was dynamited.
On the night of the shattering of the
monument there were some shots
heard In the direction of the monu
ment and after seeing it was down
the next morning the natural explana
tion to be made was that It was dyna
Peanut Crop May Be Damaged.
^Scotland Neck.?The Continued wet
weather throughout this section is be
coming very alarming, almost every
one declaring that the peanuts will be
absolutely worthless In that they will
rot in the staick. Stoce'the time came
for threshing peanuts there has not
been a week of good weather so that
the farmers could get them out of the
fields, and as a consequence not more
than one-third of the crop has been
?i *? ?""~ -
iuiciucvi< i uva w muiid ??
large territory in this end of Halifax
county and In Martin and Edgecombe
Begin Work March 1.
Wilmington.?Col. Walker Taylor#
collector of customs for the port of
?Wilmington, has mailed notices to ten
ants of buildings now occupying the
site of the proposed new customs
house, that work of tearing away the
buildings will be begun by the Govern
ment on. March i. There are a num
ber of buildings on the property, since
the area to be used by the new cus
toms house covers an entire half
block, on the water front. It Is ex
pected that work on the new customs |
boose will be under way soon.
Preparing For Big Season.
Black Mountain.?The Montreat As
sociation is doing much Improvement
at the present time along various
lines, preparing for the heavy season ^
which will begin in a short time. The
light plant, inadequate last year, is
being overhauled and put Into better
condition. Many Improvements in.the
cottages are being made. The Young
Men'a Christian Association is also
Improving its immense plant tot the
approaching season. Last year the
water supply was Insufficient and this
is being greatly Increased.
Big Fire at Leans.
Greenville.?Fire at Leens a few
nights ago destroyed two stores-with
stocks of merchandise, thtf Atlantic
Coast Line warehouse and did other
damage. The lire started in H. A.
Gray's store from an unknown cause,
destroyed this store and the stock of
merchandise, a loss of about (7.500,
with some Insurance. The store oocu
pled by Hjneg ft Whltehurst was burn
ed. the loss being about (5,000. with
(2,000 insurance. The railroad's loss
unknown, some other slight damage
to other buildings was done.
. tf* \