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PRINCIPLES AND NOT MEN.
ASHEBORO. N. C. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 26, 1884.
Oar Earlj Friouds.
How sweet to hive o-.t early friend
Krv nUo, loud and true;
Detter lo c!iti to one old fiu-nt
Tliun fm 1 a dozen now;
Cf.rciirly lrx'jida if lew tmd far,
CfUi !!oss our ho irts mucinnore
Than newtr frien !, if .rue they are
'IMJ life a brief hour is o'er.
Cur only friends lo U3 express
Tiio li.i; j).ncns they feel,
An 1 mil y i.ide the hittenicss
They tremble to reveal;
The !:oly sympathy they leave
Our unxious thoughts employ;
I'd rather weep with Ihose I love
Than bhuie a stranger's joy.
Jn the grand ages jet to be.
Where fa th finds sweet teposo,
fond friendship in full constancy
Shidl l: -s-oni as the rose!
Oh, who wvulJ live for self alone,
Or for one's own sweet will?
A heart congenial to our own,
.V.I acliiiis voii's must fill!
On:- early friends are always best,
They tliiired our morning days
Their welcomes ever sweetly fall
Wo love thtir wouls of praise!
For hi me is but a scentless flower
Tho i;h it be crowned with gold ;
But friendship, like the sweetest rose,
Hides friendship in each fold.
Luther G. Rigg.
A MAN'S MISTAKE.
There were only a few people at the
Dolphin House it was late in the sea
son. The maple woods made a low
line of deep red against the autumn
sky; the ladies, too. muffled scarlet
shawls over their white dresses as
they sat OA the piazza of the hotel
overlooking the surf, listening to the
band which still played jubilantly in
the sunny afternoons.
The heiress, Miss Vale, who had
; come late, remained later. She liked
I the cold breath which crisped the surf,
turned the maples red and made her
horses dance over the smooth floor of
yellow sand which stretched for miles
along the bay.
Her faultlessly beautiful face, and
the more world-loving one of her aunt,
daily met the view of the loungers as
her sleek bays champed their silver
bits down the shore road.
She was more often seen abroad in
her carriage, but, being an old travel
er, she was a good walke:, and often
ame in to tea with a dash of red in
lujr smooth cheek, her Drown hair
damp with spray, curling closely
iiboiit her temples. She had been on
foot to Grape Point or the Shoals fa
vorite retreats accompanied only by
hr gn?at white hound, Peri. Miss
Vale was a little peculiar, people said.
Certainly, she did as she pleased'
with an unobtrusive independence
which hardly need to have troubled
She had gone out that clay after the
storm to see the sea dash and roll in
its strength. The sun shone brilliant
ly on its dancing vrhite caps as they
settled gradually into calm.
She had sat a long while on the
rocks, her great dog at her feet She
was a long way from the hotel, but
.Tuba waited down the beach with her
carriage, and her aunt sat among the
cushions and read.
There was no one but Peri to see how
beautiful Laurel Vale was as she sat
against the ragged black rocks, her
dress of Pteel-gray kirtled from her
f-'ght feet, her graceful shoulders and
arms huddled in a soft crimson shawL
The sunshine struck her perfect
profile under a black soft-plumed hat,
warming her cheek, and bringing into
relief the firm dimpled chin, and those
who had called her cold would not
!ia"'e.accused her thus then, so happy
the smile of her red lips, so warm the
light of her brown eyes.
She loverl the sea thrived upon its
breath delighted to be quite alone
with it. So she did not mind how the
hours went, though Aunt Pardon
turned her hundreth page, and yawned
among the purple cushions.
"Come here, Sinbad!"
A mellow masculine voice came
from among the roeks too pleasant
and manlv a voice to whiten Miss
Vale's cheek with fear, certainly; but
with one swift silent motion she rose
to her feet, pale as if she had seen a
She glanced around. A little be
hind and just below her stood a gen
tleman a blue-eyed man with a fair
beard anvl a gieat tawny dog fawning
at his feet
IIh met her startled gaze with one
equally startled, -thn instinctively
lifted his hat. Aft r an instant he
came slowly up t. rocks, almost re
luctantly it seemcJ. He, too, was
"Laurel," he said gently.
You might have understood then
why people called Miss Vale cold.
Iler fair mobile countenance seemed
to harden over her spirit like a mask.
She had but one thought that after
five years' suffering she had come to be
happy, when here, before her again,
stood the destroyer of her peace.
She made a swift involuntary gest
ure, as if to keep him off. A quick
pathetic sadness swept across, his face
as he saw it
"And so you hate me?" he said,
She caught her breath.
"I do not know," she gasped.
The great tawny dog sniffed at the
hem of her steel-gray dress, and then
looked up in her face, wagging his tail
His master motioned him away.
"No!" she cried, bending over the
handsome creature. "He used to love
Baron Alverton looked at her with
his blue eye3 and groaned.
"Laurel," he said, with a fine appeal
ing gesture. "I used to Jovj you.
Yet to-day you would not touch me
with your beautiful hand as you touch
that brute! And I eserve it!"
She seemed to look at him then for
the first time, though only for an in
stant. If she saw how his face had
changed in five years, and was stirred
to pity, she gave no sign. She turned
her head aside and seemed to watch
the two dogs frolicking down the
"No excuse could be invented for
me," he went on. "You were .one of
the sweetest, truest women that ever
breathed, and my promised wife. Not
a shadow stood between us when I
met Nellie Dimpleton. But I knew
le3s of women than I do now. I could
not measure you, appreciate you as I
have done since. I was a fool to be
won from you by a pretty face, though
that face had set the artists crazy.
Ah, well, you do not even care to lis
ten to me!"
She had gathered up her gloves and
parasol to descend, but paused.
"Laurel." he continued, "in the old
days you were never revengeful or
vindictive. If you were both now,
you might gloat over the misery of my
married life. I am utterly wretched.
Let this just decree repay you for my
"Baron! where are you ?" called a
A dumpy figure in blue had paused
at the foot of the rocks, and a pair of
lacklustre blue eye3 now looked up at
them, the owner apparently not caring
to ascend. It was a blonde, faded,
sickly face, fretful and careworn,
though Mrs. Alverton had evidently
once been very pretty.
Lifting his hat to Laurel, Baron
Alverton turned, went down the rocks
and joined her. A few sharp words
followed, which Laurel overheard.
The following winter develops a
strange surprise at Nutwood, Miss
Vale's home. Her aunt, Mrs. Par
don Ardley, the most well-meaning of
disagreeable persons, chose to engage
herself in marriage to Mr. Abel Al
verton, the sourest of bachelors and
Baron Alverton's uncle. Laurel was
speechless with surprise.
"Why do you marry him, Aunt Par
don?" sh8 asked at last. "Are you
not happy here?"
"Because he is rich," answered Mrs.
Pardon, "and I want a home of aiy
own. I've no doubt you mean welt
Laurel, but I don't always approve of
Her niece was silent, and the prepa
rations for the wedding commenced. If
Aunt Pardon did not approve of Lau
rel, she had no hesitation in demand
ing her attention, her carriage, her
servants for thi3 momentous occasion.
With great patience Miss Vj al
lowed herself to be set on one side in
her own houso while the arrangements
for her aunt's marriage went on.
"So vexatious!" cried Aunt Pardon.
"That disobliging Miss Trimmings ab
solutely refuses to come out here and
make my dresses, but says she will un
dertake them if I will come to town
for a few days. I suppose 1 must do
it; and Mr. Crabtree proposed last
night that we come to his place, a
very nice private boarding-house,
quite exclusive, in fact."
She stopped, beaming; but Laurel,
who felt really too tired for any new
exertion, hesitated to respond.
"Wouldn't some one else do?" she
asked at last "Some less important
person than Miss Trimmings' might
be found to come here."
"No, indeed! There's nob.xly so
stylish and high-priced We must go
certainly we must, Laurel! But, by
the way, Mr. Crabtree. says his nephew
your old beau, Baron Alverton and
his wife are staying there now."
"Where?" asked Laurel, bewildered.
"At his boarding-house. ecpl
say that his marriage didn't turn out
well," Mrs. Pardon rattled on, unheed-,
ing her niece's silence, "for his wife
acted like a crazy woman when he lost
some of his money last year rated
him so, it was really quite scandalous!
Did you see her on the beach last fall ?
Such a white-faced thing! They say
she takes arsenic for her complexion.
I don't call her pretty, though she was
all the rage five or six years ago. I
believe she lost her health too much
dissipation. I've heard that she's aw
fully jealous of her husband, though
he don't give her the least cause and
bears it like a lamb."
Laurel and her aunt were at Mr.
Crabtree's boarding house certainly a
quiet and luxurious retreat enough.
Laurel had been loch enough to
come; but here she was, and Mrs.
Pardon, at least, was satisfied, for the
mornings were endless rounds of shop
ping and the afternoons momentous
periods of trying on new dresses.
As for her niece, her greatest appre
hension was that she should encounter
Baron Alverton; but a little dissimi
larity in meal hours warded off this
event until the very last night of her
stay in town.
She had been restless and could not
sleep. At about 11 o'clock she thought
she would go to her aunt's room, as
that lady did not retire early, and get
a certain book, which might' divert
her mind and quiet her nerves. As she
passed along the rich halls in her velvet-shod
feet, a door was flung open
and a wild-eyed maid rushed out.
"Oh," she cried, at sight of Laurel,
"won't you come in a minute? I'm
afraid she is dyiDg!"
Amazed, Laurel stepped within the
door. A little figure in blue writhed
upon the floor, yet evidently Mrs. Al
verton was partially unconscious.
"Call her husband a doctor quick!"
With incredible strength, she lifted
the helpless woman in her arms and
laid her upon the bed.
In the next moment of horror she
saw that Mrs. Alverton had ceased to
As she turned to escape coming feet
which she heard, she encountered
White and shocked, he gazed at the
pallid face upon the pillows.
"It has come as I feared," he cried,
clinching his hand upon his harassed
brow. "She is dead from an overdose
And in a few moments all the house
was startled by the sad truth.
The 1st of March Mrs. Pardon Ard
ley became Mrs. Abel Crabtree.
It was a strange mockery of flowery
symbols and lovers vows to Laurel
Vale. Indeed, so strange a shadow
seemed upon all the world that she
would clasp her hand3 over her eies,
sometimes, and ponder as if in a night
mare that must break soon, or she
would lose consciousness forever.
Ever since that autumn day by the
rocking sea peace seemed to have de
serted her. Outwardly she had long
been calm, but inwardly unrest now
seared her brain and burned away her
All Summer she drooped alone at
Nutwood. In the Autumn her physi
cian declared that sbe must go down
by the sea.
"Go down to the Dolphin House for
a few weeks with my family," Dr.
Stone said. "Victor will be there and
will take care of you," referring sig
nificantly to his son, who had long
openly admired Miss Vale.
But she went only with her maid
and Juba, though she found the doc
tor's family congenial company.
The sea received her kindly. It
blew its salt breath in her face, bright
ened her beautiful eyes, quickened her
strength. The hurried pulsations be
gan to beat more slowly and evenly.
But there was a secret want
"Oh, for some one to love me!
some one whom I could love!" she
cried one day, dropping her face in her
arms upon the ragged rocks.
"I love you, Laurel, but it is too late
for you to love me," syllabled a voice
at her side.
She lifted her head. She and Baron
Alverton looked into each other's
eyey. His sad gaze read all her strug
gle. "Oh, tell me the truth !" he prayed.
Perhaps the sea, sounding its grand
thunder in her ears, helped her to ris
above all pettiness.
"I love you, Baron," she said, sim- !
ply; and both were happy.
The faces of the Indians by whom
we were surrounded impressed me fa
vorably. Some few were fair and
must have had European blood in theii
veins. They were broad-erested, fine
ly-built men, intelligent looking, witli
well-formed heads, and 1 could notbul
be struck by one feature the extraordi
nary brilUancy of their eyes, whici
gleamed like fire. They were all well
mounted, the horses for the most part
being adorned with silver bits and or
naments, the stirrups also in many
cases being of silver. A piece of tim
ber about 20 feet high, with a man's
face carved on it, was imbedded in tht
ground in the center of the circle oi
Indians, and I understood that it was
their custom to swear by this. They
believe in a god, creator of the uni
verse; in inferior gods of good and
evil, war, etc; in the immortality ol
the soul; in polygamy, and in the pur
chase system as applied to matrimony.
They possess many good qualities; are
faithful, courageous, and have extraord
inary memories. One of their charac
teristics is inordinate laziness. I nevei
saw them out of their huts until II
o'clock in the morning, and then they
would saunter forth and stretch them
selves on the ground, with the chin
supported on the hands. In this posi
tion they talked together for hours.
In riding it is their custom only te
place the big toe in the stirrup. They
eat horseflesh, and prefer the flesh oi
mares to that of oxen. It is sad to
think that the modern civilization
which may benefit their children ia
now by its accompaniments, fast des
troying the parents, who are fearfully
addicted to strong drink. Fortnightly
Antiquity of Agriculture.
Notwithstanding the obscurity that
surrounds the beginnings of agricul
ture in different regions, it is settled
says a writer in Popular Science Month
ly, that the dates vary exceedingly.
One of the earliest examples of culti
vated plants is drawn from Egypt, in
the shape of a design representing figs
in one of the pyramids of Gizeh. The
date of the constr action of the monu
ment is uncertain; uthoRS vary in
assigning it to from fifteen hundred to
four thousand two hundred years be
fore the Christian era. If we assign
it to two thousand years before Christ,
we would have an antiquity of four
thousand years for the fig. Now, the
pyramids can have been constructed
only by a numerous people, organized
and civilized to a certain degree, who
must consequently have had an estab
lished agriculture, going bac'j: several
centuries, at least, for its origin. In
China, twenty-seven hundred years
before Christ, the Emperor Chenngun
introduced a ceremony in which, every
year, five species of useful plants were
sown viz., rice, soja, wheat, and two
kinds of millet. These plants must
have been cultivated for some length
of time in some places to have attract
ed the attention of the emperor at this
Agriculture seems, then, to have
been as ancient in China aa Egypt
The constant intercourse of the latter
country wita Mesopotamia justifies us
in presuming that cultivation was al
most contemporaneous in the regions
of the Euphrates and the Nile. Why
may it not have been quite as ancient
in India and the Indian Archipelago?
The history of the Dravidian and Ma
laysian people does not go back very
far, and is very obscure; but there is
no reason for presuming that cultiva
tion, particularly on the banks of the
rivers, did not begin among them a
very long time ago.
The debt of the eitv of New York is
about one-twentieth that of the United
Flirts are like fiddles -no good with
out the beaux.
TOHCS OF THE DAY,
The numerous lynchings in Arkan
sas are ruining the sheriff's business.
Every time a man is hanged by a mob
they lose a fee of $30, and very nat
urally they are opposed to this sort of
While the United States is paying
off its war debt at the rate of $ 100,
000,000 a year, the other nations of the
world with great public debts, such as
Great Britain, Russia, Spain and Italy,
collect barely sufficient revenue to meet
the interest and the current expenses
of the government, leaving buA little
or nothing with which to pay oil the
Although so large a portion of the
internal revenue tyxes has been abol
ished, there is still an army of employ
ees in that department. From a
report of the Commissioner of Inter
nal Revenue it appears that there are
5281 employees in all, including 126
collectors, 981 deputy collectors, 852
gaugers, 1855 storekeepers, 1485 clerks
and 35 inspectors of tobacco. Quite a
respectable brigade in point of num
bers. An exchange has been comparing
the salaries of school teachers in
several of the principal cities. The
general average foots up $750 a year
San Francisco pays tKe highest, the
average salary being 090 per year.
Boston ranks next, the salary paid
being, on an 'average, $973 per year.
Cincinnati averages $833, New York
$814, Chicago $700, St. Louis $625,
Washington $654, and Philadelphia
The employment of lady cashiers
seem to be growing in favor in the
East It is said that in no case has a
female cashier been found guilty of
embezzlement. One leading drygoods
dealer in Buffalo says: "I never
knew a woman who handled other
people's money to steal one cent. I
have employed women as cashiers for
years. They are quicker at making
change than men; they will detect
counterfeit money quicker; they keep
their cash accounts clearer; and they
don't want to run the whole store, as
The French government has made a
contract with a company, which is to
have the monopoly of making catches
in France for twenty years, by the
terms of which the company is to pay
for the privilege about $3,500,000, and
some 40 per cent, of ths gross receipts
in addition, in case the sale of matches
exceeds thirty-five milliards. The
quality of the matches, and the price
at which they are to be sold, are care
fully fixed, and the government is to
control all the operations of the com
pany, which agreen to employ only
French workmen and agents
A college of beggary has been
brought to light in Liverpool, in which
pupils of all ages were taught to pros
ecute the calling on scientific princi
ples. The head of the establishment
had been a professional beggar, and
had accumulated a small fortune. A
number of young children were found
m the school, having been sent there
by their parents, most of whom, of
course, belonged to the criminal class.
In cases where the pupils were too
poor to pay. for their tuition, the
professor" appropriated the clothing
and money brought in by his stu
dents until he was compensated for
There is apparently no end to the
uses of paper. We have recently
noticed its employment in making
pails, house doors, and other articles of
domestic use, and now observe, in an
exchange, that a factory in New
Jersey is devoted to making counter
panes and pillow-shams from paper.
No. 1 Manila is used, two large sheets
being gummed together, with small
twine between them at intervals of
three or four inches, which strengthens
the paper and keeps it from tearing.
Handsome designs are printed on the
surface, and they are said to make a
very neat ornament for the bed.
An epidemic of embezzlement, with
sensational sequels, is prevalent in
Hungary. The institutions pi under el
have been in all cases orphan asylums
supported wholly or in part by the
State. The accounts of some of the
orphanages being in a suspicious state
a general investigation was ordered,
and it was found that funds to the
amount of. 80,000 florins, or $32,000,
had been embezzled. Several officials
who were implicated were arrested and
released on bail. One of them has
since committed suicide, three others
have died suddenly and mysteriously,
and the rest are bankrupt. The tax
payers will therefore be called upon to
defray the deficit.
A special correspondent at Foo
Chow, China, thus describes the effect
produced on the natives by an electric
search light from the French flagship:
"I happened to be going down t o the
anchorage last night in a steam launch
and just as Pagoda anchorage hove in
sight the 'Volta,' the French flagship,
lit her electric search lamp and threw
a blinding ray on each Chinese gun
boat in turn to see if they were slyly
slipping their anchors or rigging tor
pedoes. I steamed through the
Chinese fleet while the search light
was on them and the effect was most
ludicrous the cries and antics of the
men on board who seemed to think
there rvas something very awful in a
light so strong that their eyes could
not bear to look at it. It was a curi
ous sight seen from a little distance;
the night was slightly hazy, and the
ray from the lamp seemed like a gigan
tic wedge-shaped arm thrown out by
the vessel. The Volta had two tor
pedo I oats alongside, with steam up
and all on board were moving about
in a excited restless manner."
In an address delivered by Sir
Richard Temple on "Economic science
and statistics," before- th-3 British as
sociation at Montreal. :c was stated
that the population of the British em
pire consists of , ,39,000,000 Anglo
Saxons, 180,000,000 Hindus and 88,
000,000 Mobainedans, etc., a total of
315,000,000. v The area of the empire
and its dependencies i3 lO.OuO.OOO
square miles. The annual revenue is:
United kingdom, 89,000,000; India,
74,000,000; colonies .xnd dependen
cies, 40,000,000; total, 203,000,000-
Some years ago travelers in Dal
matia noticed large tracts of land cov
ered by a wild Uower, near which not
a sign of insect life was visible. The
bloom was the pyrethrurn, whose odor
deals death to the lower forms of
life, and whose powdered leaves form
the basis of "insect powders." The
seed of this flower "was distributed
throughout the United States, and a
Dalmatian has been growing it with
great success in Stockton, Cal. Prof.
Snow recently read an article on the
subject before the Kansas State Board
of Agriculture, and it seems likely,
from the report, that an industry of
importance will arise from the Dal"
The workings of the principle of co
operation have been tested on an ex.
tensive scale in several branches of in.
dustry in England, during the last
few years, and the general success has
been such that the system has become
fairly established in popular favor.
The basis of co-operation is the division
of the profits of the business among
the workingmen who carry it on. The
London Spectator, after reviewing the
work accomplished, says: "The course
is now on level ground;' and there
seems to be no reason why practically
the whole of the working classes of
Great Britain should not be within
that time included in the union, gov
erned by its rules and bound by its
principles and methods. There may
be some catastrophe, no doubt, but
why should there be ? The organiza
tion which ha3 expanded to the needs
of 1,200 societies will adapt itself just
as readily to 2,000 or 3,000; and every
year brings more men to the front,
educated in the movement . and com
petent to carry it on. For ourselves,
after watching all these years at first
with much sympathy but little faith
the conviction grows stronger every
year that long before the century is
out, the whole of our working class
will be in association, and will have
the staple trades of the country in their
hands or under their control."
The total superficial area of the seas
of the world is 231,915,905 square
i miles, while that of the different con
! tinents comprising all the land is only
, 34,354,950 square miles.