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THE JEFFERSON IDEA.
How It Differs From Roosevelt's
TRUSTS AND SUBSIDIES.
Republican System Which Protects
the Few and I'lnndera the Many.
Secretary Shaw, with his vngue
ideas of economics, often makes most
extraordinary statements. Through
: reading the protection literature pre-
THEORIES OF TWO MEB COMPARED j mr,ed b "e ltocth-e Tariff league
he has registered in his partisan mind
I that "the government has granted el-
ronndrr of Democratic Pnrty Op- I ther protection or aid to every Indus
posed All Laws Tending to Create j try which is now being prosecuted by
Monopolies -The President-. Plan Ur P'0 "vcry industry that can
. appropriately be prosecuted, Interim-
Mean. Conn.catlon of Property and toiml nlotf exc0,,te,l." That
Destruction of Nntnral niehts. :t.lU,llu,ut wu3 Inaii0 ju a speech to the
The president's recent utterance re- ! Eastern 1'oiinue.rhil Teachers' associ
Earding what he calls a "progressive ntlon. and If they were not a lot of
tax" on large fortunes has created a ' i-Hunuw how they must have laughed
sensation. A tax Is a sum of money J ' lhl'ir ive at the Mmw protection
levied and assessed at a certain rate tfiHoxophy: It is true tne Republican
mi the ni.rsons in- t.ronertv of citizens l'".T ,ms proiecieu uit- hums ..uu
by the government for public uses. The
president didn't propose to levy a sum
of money nt a certain rate, but to pro
vide that no person fhould take by de
vise or descent more than "a certain
amount'' and that the excess of any
fortune over that particular amount
should be taken by the government.
Such a taking of private property
would not. however, be taxation, but
exercise of the taxing power limit the
extent of n man's possessions. It can
not deprive any man of the natural
right to acquire and dispose of proper
ty. It cannot tax a man for the pur
pose of limiting the size of his estate
or the amount be shall will or be
queath to this person or that.
The president said that he favored
"a progressive tax on all fortunes (not
on all incomes) beyond a certain
amount, either given in life or be
queathed upon death, to any individual
(saying nothing of corporations) a tax
bo framed as to put It out of the pow
er of the owner of those enormous for
tunes to hand over more than a certain
amount to any one individual."
A ni.fn who didn't know what a tax
Js might think that the president real
ly meant to tax great fortunes and
exempt small ones. But the whole
THE COMING STRUGGLE
Individual Rights Versus Com.
munity of Interests.
WHITHER AEE WE DRIFTING?
Republican Doctrine of Centralised
Government Leads to Socialism.
Democratic Party the Only Bulwark
of a Free People Aaralnst Dangers
The eventual struggle in this country
will be between individualism and so
cialism, and the ltcpublicau party, with
its persistent efforts for centralization,
Is to blame for the growth of the so
cialistic propaganda. The Democracy
has always stood for the freedom of
the individual and home rule and op
posed to the paternalistic nnd namilto
nian theory that the federal govern
ment must be all powerful. The con
stitutional provision that all rights not
granted by the states to the general
government are reserved to the states
and the people Is the fundamental doc
trine of the Democratic party. Jeffer-
ed the manufacturers, but the people
pay the .bills, and their industry is
made less remunerative by the protec
tion the tariff gives the trusts. The
greatly Increased cost of living since
ihe Plngloy tariff bill was enacted has
virtually decreased wages over one
third and reduced stationary Incomes
by a like percentage, yet Secretary
Shaw would add to their burdens still
Congress could not iu the " " 1 " 1 , ' iwuj -
The policy of the protectionists Is to j ?Ver gainsaid it.
indirectly foster with the protective i ir. Bryan, who lias been accused by
tariff or directly subsidize the few who j Kepubllcans of socialism, shows by
dwell iu palaces at Newport out of the his conservative views in his article en
hard earned money of the many who titled, "Individualism versus Soclal
lalor and pay the taxes. The southern ! sm," In the tVntury Magazine for
planter has no protection for bis cot- April, bis own and the Democratic po
ton, neither has the northern farmer j sit ion. In that article he says: "Much
for his cereals, for both must sell at I 0f the strength developed by socialism
the world's prices in open competition 3 ,iile to the fact that Socialists advo-
with all countries that likewise have n
surplus to dispose of. But all this
great agricultural class must pay the
Increased price for what they buy
which the fostering tariff allows the
trusts and combines to charge. The
storekeeper, the commercial traveler
nnd the clerk do not find profits or sal
aries advanced la proportion to the In
creased cost of lifting, for they are all
cate certain reforms wliu-li individual
ists also advocate. Municipal ownership
of monopolies, for instance. Is advocated
by individualists because It Is practical
ly Impossible to have more than one
water system In a city, and by the lat
ter on the general ground that govern
ment should own all the means of pro
duction nnd distribution.
Mr. Bryan remarks that the sentl-
paying their share of the tariff tax to j nMMlt for municipal lighting plants Is
proposition is r ' 'evous joyously ' reminds us "tbe government vVr of public telephones nnd street
progressive tax which takes all above
a cernin amount becomes confiscation
as to all above that amount. The
president's proposition, then. Is to fix
a limit to private fortunes and to con
fiscate, not to t.ix, all of such fortunes
above that limit. Now, if the federal
government, which he was represent
ing when lie made the proposition,
could do what he suggested, then there
has granted cither protection or aid. ' rar jnes (s still less pronounced; but
The trust and corporation barons ; tuu gaino goneral principles apply to
would make serfs of the workmen they j them, and Individualists, without ac
cepting the creed of socialism, can ad-
i voc.o the extension of municipal own
ersfl?i to them." lie further shows
plainly the evils to the individual citi
zen of socialism when he says: "If the
for the time being nnd strip Carnegie,
Rockefeller. Morgan. Schiff. the Van
derbilts, the Goulds and the Astors as
a preliminary measure. That would
enable it to abolish tariff and internal
revenue taxes, postage, etc. And as
employ, and only through organization
have the worklngmen been able to pro
tect themselves and remain free men,
Republican policies and Republican
laws have given them no aid or com
fort, for under the protectee system .,,.,., nmrat..s uJl the factories.
could do what be suggested hen there ,,,,, thoj. l)Uy ,ms lamfued !a farms aud u tlie store8i re
would be no need for taxation at all. ,., ,.rtn, timn th tmcos . ,... n
It could fix the limit at. say. $l.nr.000 thpr P .?V(V . mu .T. ' " ,1.
This, then, is the policy lauded by knj3 ot employment, some more pleas
Secretary Shaw and the Republican 1 anti gomo Ioss peasant, " and he asks:
politicians. To protect and subsidize ..jg jt ukely that any set of men can
tlie powerful and rich by faxing the distribute the work or tlx the compen
farmer, the tradesman, the artisan and sntion to the satisfaction of all, or
he laborer. Promises have been made . ..iio,i.tinn r n nminritr
soon as tne nmmnisirawuu ..m ,,v R,.pi,iPnn conventions and polltl- of the people"'"
the proceeds of the first general con- ,.Jnns ,0 rpvlse fhe tarlff nud Blmllar IIow preilt 'therefore is the gulf be-
flscation flie limit of rrlvate fortunes pr0Iuisps arf Mng formulated to again twoen lh i,I110cracy aud the Soclal-
Bifght be reduced to $100.0j). men to fool tIie IXMipl0t l)Ilt as kmf, a8 pro- at who Mli,ve , concentrating all
$10,0iW. to $3,000. to $1,000 and finally tected In,orotlts dominate the Republic- powpp , tho eentral government,
to GO cents. This, we Insist. Is the nn partv th,w can bt? no reaI torlff re. wllerea8 tho , ,0Ul0(.rats stand for the
president's theory. forn!i as the stand letters will never utm0st freedom of the Individual clti-
Jefferson. the founder of the Demo- inwnt to ,.ut ort the campaign con- wa wiUlont infringement upon the
cratic party, expressed the view tnat rri,utjons from the protected trost rights of others
large fortunes are dangerous to the Iiarons. Tllose wfl0 fwi the pinch of xho trend of Republicanism Is to
eomniuniry iti wum h uir. i-ai-i, ij:.a trust prices snouia tninK or inese . for u cure for nolltlcal
matters when they vote next fnll for (ivlls. to OV(M.look, nnd even aid, execu
those who are to represent them. tlvp ,surpatlon over the representa-
, tlves of the people; to favor trusts and
Mock Ha lie and Whitewash Brash. mmnrnllnna who in return have fur-
npver dreamed of confiscation. Ilis
Idea was to abolish all laws which
tended to create monopolies and per
petuities, to annul privileges. We can
get his idea more clearly by quoting
his own words. He said:
Any sort of ralj may become a muck nl-sliwl ni0ney to corruptly keep their
rake when muck" bna accumulated to friMUu i i.ower. The IKmocratIc doc-
I proposed to abolish the law of prlmo- such an extent that the health and trtlie j eXnctly opposite and Is ex-
jceniture. I bt .1 "R'ety of the community require its ed' hy ..E ual r,Bhts t0 on and
ZMr2??JXi rl- 1i".tbe?,I0.WbJr?,ltT' Ulal privileges to none." Without
transmisslpn of vviat properties from gen- put that makes it what it is. Theoret- tne Democratic party, which alone
eratlon to feneration In the same nam ically the greatest muck rake iu this offer8 an c.lt)SOs equul rights, there
who rt7nl pfivVlrod "by law Jn 'thTper! ('ountr5- 13 C'barlt3 B' IIuKto3' whosa would be a certain hurrying of the un-
p?uatio 'werT thJ. " ork in cleaning out the life Insurance mMng tQ tue extPeme of approprlat.
formed into a p itrict.m order. To muck beds Is almost as famous as that lug nU the means 0f production and
annul this privilege anfl instead of an of Hercules in cleaning the Augean dl8tribution by the national govern-
arlstocracy of wealth, of more harm than stables AI) houor to ulm for nl8 worki that ultimately there would
benefit to sor etv. to make an opening for . . uient, so mai ultimately lucre wouiu
an arlstocracv of virtue and talent, which He did not try to beam ire the char- , no ,ncentve for Individual effort,
nature has wisely provided for the direc- acters of dead men, as Roosevelt did Tuc connscati0n of the property of
tlon of the Interests o'80;' " in his book. Next to Hughes, the most those h b 8avlng or Buperior ahU-
rff'u no Xc.0' hnd a ence would
no drprlvatlon of natural right, but, : those men. lilie Tillman, who expose foilow tue appropriation of the prop
rather, nn enlargement of it by a repeal and condemn moral nastlness and rot- ort of wl)0 uad aniasge(i mil
of the law. Jefferson's Works, Vol. I. tenness In public life, even In the White jou8
P-jK. ' "ouse- The Journals which expose j Th; Democrats are striving to curb
The laws of entail and primogeniture eorruption aud fraud are doing the d control by eouitable laws tho
.were abolished at the Revolution In ac- p0S8lble WOrk. It Is the man with J tnJgt8 and ndlvldUals
r'u'",lc ",lu " :...,u I luc wnllcwnK" "su uuu uul iue muu who are monopolists, so that the hum-
n re now reaching the same results j w,th the rake wllo ,s the dangerous b,est ,tlMn sUall have , tu.
produced by those laws and evading factor , pul(Ile nffttlr8 and wno de- ,t ,th them anJ the flrst 8t ln
ujc eunuira .t.v.u..v. nerves u piuce in lue ijiiwi.
means of putting their property ln
trust for long periods for the use of j Partisan Politics.
particular persons or by means of : Tlle partisan persistence of the Re
wllls. The federal government cannot pubHcan managers In refusing to agree
reach the sltusition except by Imposing OI, tl)e bn t0 mimit Oklahoma Is en-
a graduated Income tax. tirelv opposed to public opinion on this f oojit -.wi , tt,,, inst rMr Tha
Men have a natural right superior to qUe9tion. The senate, for once at least, 8urplus after deducting $9,088,090 for
any legal right, to all the property I ls actUally ln agreement with the Dem- ! purcbased ad $S,04S,480 for dlT-
they can honestly acquire, and no gov- , ocraU that justlce be done t0 nearly , (dpnda oq Amer,Can Xobacco stockg(
ernment can destroy that right with- . li0oo,000 citizens who have made their j was $23,085.0C1. This trust Is protect
ed destroying Its own foundations. uomes ln Oklahoma and Indian Terrl- j eJ by the tarlff and aIm8 t0 monopoUje
ine ireiueui s BjiTi.u,uuit.ci, , tory. ine question or we auuiissiou
cates a violation of that natural right, j of AriZOna aud New Mexico as one
and to the extent that It does so It Is state na8 very pr0perly left by
the Insane cry of an anarchist. the senate amendment to the vote of
The Democratic party will never fol- people, but to this the Republican
low the leader who would destroy j majority of the bouse refuses to agree,
natural rights, and the talk of welcom- , yijen these stand pat members are
lng Roosevelt into tbe party ls a libel a8king for indorsement next fall the
upon the party. Let the Republicans voter9 should give them a dose of their
take care of their own anarchists and own medicine and refuse to re-elect
socialists. That party made them; let : those wh0 wouid f,0t trust the people.
It keep them. i .
! Roosevelt's Plan.
ConsTress and Reform.
Speaker Cannon a' few weeks ago
was certain that congress would ad
journ at an early date, and "the boys"
would go home, mend their political
fences by pointing to what they had
accomplished and be triumphantly re
elected. But the speaker is now more
President Roosevelt evidently thinks
the Democrats will elect a majority of
the next congress, for he ls said to
have decided to call a special session
after March 4 for the purpose of re
vising the tariff. He knows as well
as any one that If the Republicans
t..nM Afroln hava 11 moWitr nf Mn.
pessimistic ana eviaenny ieeis iuuv lt woud be useless to call a
'the boys" are not on easy street, for specIaj session, for the stand patters
he says: "I see no prospect of a very wond be ia control.
early adjournment We'll be here some
time yet." And what makes the voters In N ew Garb, n
disgusted ls that the Republican ma- frhe Repnbllcan bosses, who have
Joiity has not put a law on the statats tea somewhat staggered by the Jolt
hooks with a vestige of reform ln lt up e people have lately given them, are
to date, and this ls the party thai appearlng In the garb of reformers so
boasts of "doing things." a9 to get their feet ln the trough again.
direction Is to abolish the special privi
leges that the Republican party has
granted its favorites.
The tobacco trust reports its profits
the whole business of tobacco manu
facturing and has been fostered In so
doing by special rebates from the rail
roads, which have helped lt to wipe out
rompetltors. There has been but little
effort made by the administration to
curb this trust, which may perhaps be
accounted for by its liberal subscrip
tion to campaign funds of tbe Repub
SInst Re Settled Right.
The tariff question will never down
until It Is settled to the advantage of
the American people Instead of, as
now, for the benefit of trusts and cor
porations. It was President Garfield,
who was a tariff reformer, that said,
"Unsettled questions have no pity for
Ihe repose of nations," and If he were
alive today he would doubtless add,
"Or for those Republicans who for self
ish and sordid reasons are stand pat
ters." nis Hands Fall.
The president's attempt to ride the
bucking senate ls a more exciting ex
perience than his trying to break that
bucking broncho ln tbe Bad Lands.
You can hardly find a home
without its Ayer's Cherry
Pectoral. Parents know what
it does for children: breaks
up a cold in a singls night,
wards off bronchitis, prevents
pneumonia. Pnysicians ad
vise parents to keep it on hand.
Ti het .
i Avit's I '111'
.!. .r.i I . For tlif i'ihikIk ot
,i. .1,1 i..-llilv ip Iwtter."
i nn SIH'I.L., SarutoKii, Ind.
J. r. avkr ro..
!'" Pills ftroatly ni'l the Cherry
v '. :l '.f. 'hrvot'" " cold.
A most shocking death occurred
near Liberty last Friday evenia..
Mis. Josie. the nine-year-old daugh
ter of Mrs. Henrietta Stuart, used
kerosene in starting a fire Fridnv
afternoon and the fire caught her
clolliiii2, burning her so badly that
she died Friday night. Burial took
place Saturday tit I'leasant L nion
Holiness church. The heart bio
ken mother has the sympathy of
the community in "her sorrow.
Si lor City Grit.
It is nossihle to obtain relief from
chronic indigestion and dyspepsia by
t.h use ot IWUVIj tuu iu.
I'KI'SIA. Some of the most hope
less c h8 of long standing have
yielded to it. It enables you to
diirp.st the food vou eat and exer
cises a corrective influence, building
up the efficiency of the digestive
organs. The stomacn is tne ooner
wherein the steam is made that
keens up your vitality, health and
strength. Kodol digests what you
put Makes the stomach s'veet
puts the boiler in condition to do
the work nature ilemanus or it
gives you relief frcm digestive dis
mders. and nuts vou in shape to do
your best, and feel your best. Sold
by Standard Drug Company and
Asheboro Drug Company Aslieboro,
j m- i"rc o " " J
constructed iu the Centenery Meth
odist church at New Bern. The
:nc.tr.,,..ot nnct SS flOfl siiid was the
j'it of Mrs. J. A. Meadow.
Why take a dozen things to cure
that cough? Kennedy's Laxative
Honey and Tar allays" the conges
tion, stons that tickling, drives the
cold out through your bowels. Sold
by Standard Drug Company anu
Asheboro Drug Company.
Sam Baruhardt, son of J. II.
Barn hard t. aired 15 years, committed
suicide at his home at Cool Springs,
Cabarrus county, last week by shoot
ing himself with a shot gun. The
cause of his rash act is not known.
H E MOFFITT (SL CO.,
Asheboro N C
Money to Loan
On city real estate mort
gage. Terms: One to ten
years. Interest: 6 percent,
per annum, payable semi-annually.
Piedmont Trust Company,
Burlington N. C.
High Point Buggies, J. I. Nissen Wagons, Empire.
Drills, . orn Planters, Johnston Harvesting Machin
ery, Mowers, ultivators, Plows, Stoves, Ranges,
Mill Supplies, Builders Hardware, Buggy and Wagon
Harness, Stag Paint, 1 gallon makes 2; Roofing,
Barb and Smooth Wire and everything in the hard
See us before you buy we can save yo money.
Lewis & Winslow Hardware Company. J
I i ii
The Spring Outlay
i 711:11. is the P ace.
Something to please all. New goods already here,
Merchandise bought at this store stands for style
and quality, bears inspection and is offered at prices
that invite; most rigid comparison. Our line of new
spring dress goods, and trimmings eclipse anything
ever shown in our store. The latest fads in furnishings
for ladies, gentlemen and childrens boys and girls can
be found in our immense stock of goods.
W. J. MILLER,
1 Th Vtal Point J
afik II I I VI Villi
When it comes to eating you wan some
thing you like. The same applies to the
necessary articles for the dining room where
you do your eating.
Dining Room Suites and Fine
Theodore Havener Dinner Sets
from $25.oo to Sloo.oo per set. 1
We are adding a full line of Mantels, Til
ing ana urates tnai wm do wortn your wnue
Mattings of all Kinds
Rugs, Axminister Velvets and Burtworth
Wiltons, varying in price from $2o to $65.
A call will convince you. (X
High Point, N. C. J
An Extra Gooi
One for Men and
Bayi on ths Farm
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Address all orders to
Box 154 Asheboro, N. C.