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ASIIEV1LLE, North Caroliay FRIDAY MORNLXG, JUNE 5, 1810.
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e. McisiiiT i j. Ec:r.r.:, ill
HIJHK' KVftRY FKritAV,
kk . -a:., -' fl -,n,..
unit I-'iftv (nt ori annum, in a .r.ce. or
T .. 11... M r .-ur v.;.-.' t. rWlJil)..1 ' f Tli'n
B'liM-e Dollar at tlwi end of the year.
.No auhscnption diacontmiird, (exo-jit m mooiv
ion of the pullinher) until all arrest rug. ure aid.
: Advkrtisehrnts will be inserted nt One Dollar
mr Bnnnrc for the first, and Twenty-l ive OnU fur
fach 8ubjii! nt intion. "
All eouitnuuicatiuDa must be post paid. -
We take the tallowing from the South.
srd Literary Menger a monthly jwri.
KTical, published at Ricemontl, Va. Tlie
irritcr ha.i eviJently become disgiistt-d "With
Bie popular reading writing of jhe day,
Bnq in npumi comiiiou w-iiw iiiuuiK-r, ntui
pncJsohot forth some of the claims 'ah J
kdvaiitaacsTuf Irae literatiire." ( We ask for
(Die article an atttnfiverusaL Ed. Mess.
THOUGHTS ON LITERATURE. .
' By CHARLES LISMAX. . ' '
A taste for literature is one of the most
luihstantial surc of enjoyment with which
the human race is acquainted. It has a
tendency to bring to perfection many oi
the poblest feelings of tlie heart, lo its
Kwsessor it is a treasure of which the revo,
utionn of the wotld cannot deprive him.
fi opulence or poverty, whether- free to
oam over the world or conSned in a prison
rllll, if he has within his reach a few fa.
rorite -authors, he can banish the roubles
ind trials of the present and be happy with,
n the world of mind. " . ' "
' Tliere is certain class of men in al.
nost every community, who take pleasure
n sneering at those who follow literature
is a profession and who are anxious for, its
ewards. They look upon the man of letL
era as one prone to build airy castles, . con
inually longing for pleasure which can nev.
!f Ixi realizwl, or as a day-dreamer. They
hink if would be better if all men were me;.
:hanica or merchanUi,or farmers, and that
nan was made to plod through" life with no
liglier aim than to satisfy- his sensual de
lire! How foolish, how "despicable are
wch ideas. These persons generally pass
li rough life without making any good im.
' "P011. ir...fi41owamdja3ait.
Iiey die the memory of tlieir usefulness is
mried with them. ' What Js tlie objt of
wrtv4ng -upon--the earfli;-if it is not to
rain the soul for iu ftrture life 1 Why do
wople forget that gold is but dust, and that
icnsual graUftcation8tenTiut to dclmne
lie mind I yVt hy is it we forget tliflt Cine
j but the dawn of existence '1 4 " I
, Tb beneficial results of litrsrature are
nany and varied, andiier pleaaure3 are of
lie nost exalted kind. ' The literary man
npst needs bo a thinking one, and everjjr
lay he lives becomes- wiserif wiiicr, then
ictter -if Letter then happier. I do not
icaa to say, that all literary men are of
ecessity good-for such is not the case ;
ut I do say, that there are but few profes.
ons more innocent, or better calculated
form the christian charactcr. jTlie liter
ry man mostly lives in company with the
liighty sprite of the past, and the beings of
Ilis own mind. 1 rue, he studies the hu
nan heart in his daily walks, but the gaeat.
r part of his knowledge is gatliered from
he past, and from thence his mind readies
iirward into futurity, so that the field over
vhich his soul mayJoam in search of Tiis
loTn is boundless as the uniwrse. This is
hottrue of the man whose energies are all
pngrossod in sensual pursuits and pleasures.
I Again. If it is true that the mind will
pe employed throughout eternity ; in bring,
fng to perfection, those itudies which have
Cngaged ita attention hero, and that the
feippiicas of that world wU be increased in
proportion 'to Its earthly 'iknowledge, it is
Reasonable to conclude tha4 the man of sci.
pnee and wisdom will enjoy heaven more
than the thoughtless and ignorant "The
ptipcrior intellectual views M'hich some in.
jilividuals shall possess beyond others, will
constitute the principal distinction between
mm in tho heavenly state."
A. taste for literature Way, nd eught to
!l universally, cultbated, Tho mcr.
pliant,1 the farmer, th mecHnnic, and in
act, every class of men, have' abundance
ftf time (it they would but imnrove it to cul.
jivate their minds and, by so doing, deserve
me cignincd uue of literarymen. Tliere
hre many who have' written jooka, that do
iot deserve this .title.'. Totody, to think,
o impart and receive instruction from those
ith whom we daily associateiare the nrin.
ipal things which occupy a literary man. J
Anotncr advantage of this is, that its cn.
ynjents are retained to an. extreme old
jnge a happiness which accompanies no
lelher. . VThe intellectual faculties', tho lo
it f the present day is too much under the in
Influence of fashion. There, are many per;
jeons pretending to have a refined literary
pste, who seUlom read any books but those
jvhich are fashionable; and what adds to
our diagnst of such, is the fact that they are
jrontinuallv talking about literature the1
- ' joct of all others,' of which they are
- ; ly ignorant The last novel , the last
y r or farce, are to them the standard lit.
. ; . re of the present time. At times, I
em almost constrained to beheve that the
world is growing In Ignorance, instead, of
knowledge, when I reflect on tlie great
ntity of IkkAs constantly being written,
ses t to decline, are vigorous in tho decrepi.
lude of age." -7 , )k
f It is a deniorable fact that fho . hW
whu ii .. (,',,'eiiiklonin theirauthor to public
shame, With the majority of civilized
world, sueh names m Addison -are. hardly
known, or, if ever known, are forgotten."
11 iey are permitted to remain on the shelf,
because they are not trifling or corrupt
enough for tho thoughtless and fashionable.
Even the names of M ilton and Slmkspeare,
what are they, after all, to the majority,
but m( re sounds T How small is tlie num
ber who slvda their immortal paces ! Ma
ny of our learned writers, keen a , book of
quotations, and by making frequent use of
tnnt.tne pubUc are led to believe that they
are deeply read in classic literature. I chan
ced, a few days since, to be in company
with a gentleman w Jio is the author of sev
eral books whieh have been received with
high., commendation by . the' press --We
were talking ; upon literary matters, and,
in illustrating one of my. own remarks,!
repeated the admirable advice of Polonhm
to lim son iitertes, commencing, . . s
And these few precept in thy memory &c -
The gentleman alluded to was struck with
the baauty and power of the lines, and in
quired who was tlie author of them. I sat
mfied his curiosity, and tho following sen.
sible remark was the result s - You don't
say ! - Why, I thought they sotmded like
E. L. Bulwer, or - N. PWiUia !'V . Now,
this is , a" good specimen of the common
fashionable devotees to" literature. How
mortifying must this be to every deserving
literary man, when we rememlxjr that the
world passes-judgment oh his "p'rofossion,
by beliming such mere pretenders ! How
ungrateful to the. memory of those great
im-n who have toiled through life to pro.
nte the instruction and happiness of their
fellows ! Q i ,
Literary men exert ar ;' lasting and
salutary influence upon customs, and
laws of their country f tlian any otlier class.
From. th$ earliest gcs thelr honors
have beenf the most distinguUhing
kind ; their names Jidve always been cjiW
ished vl the hearts of their countrymen,
and they have been looked upon as deserv
ing the respect and esteem of all. : J am
sncakinsr of ' Jilerum -men. and not those
whqater'for the public taste those acrid
lers wlio use a quantity of wardsTwithout
A man possesing a mind of hohlo pow.
ers, will never (awn before the public and
write according to .thatuctato- of others j
but always adlicres resolutely to tlie path
he himself has pointed out. It is his prov-j
nice to leaa mo puunc, anu not in oe ua uy
that many-headed monster. Tlie atnios.
!)licro which such men breathe, is an intel.
ecual one -far too pure for tho sordid and
narrow.nunded to inhale, -
It is my .good fortune to e nequainhd
with a few literary char ters,. nolo and
femalo ; and to be in their company, mere,
ly to look on and listen , " 1 consider one of
my dearest pleasures. I am also aequuin.
ted with some who are destitute of christian
principles and, I look upon such w ith
1ity. Profaneness in any one is sufficient,
y disgusting but in an intellectual mm it
is doubly so. Wonderfully strango, indeed,
is the human heart v It is mndojip of jn.
consistencies, and direct contradictions.
The friendiihips, too, of literary -"men,
are different from all others. . Founded In
religion, they are pure and lasting sol
uiucii no, iimi uiu woriuung iooks wiim
wonder at their results, as well as to the
happiness they afford.- I haveoften admi.
red the beauty of that picture which Cow.
ly presentt pf pm young Utoraryf frfeiids
engaged in their midnight studies t
' "Say, fiv joa m w an, yo immortal liifliU, 5
Haw oft, anwaried, have we spra tlie nights,
v Till the Lndonn atara ao famed for lovo,
' Wondered at a firom above. - "
. ' We spent them, not in toya, in lmt, or wine : -
Bill in eearch of deep philosophy,
Wit, eloquence, and poetry -Art
which I loved 5 for they, my friends, were
.".".:. thine." . ' . . .
It is a foolish caution which the wisdom and
firudence of the world isapf to give, that
iterature prevents men from following with
success their respective occupations. Ma.
ny examples might be adduced to prove the
contrary, but such names as Roscoe, the
merchant, Lamb, tlie bookJteevrr end
dear ThomaIillerAthe lakel.jnakttt-AteL
suflicient "vi- r "-.".-'w'v '
, In view of what has becnTMud of the ltd.
yontagcSof literature, I will make one sliort
quotation from Muckenzie,and tum io the
other part of my subject ." . - : 1
MIn the irtore important relations of so
ciety the closer intercourse of friend , of
husbtmd and father that superior delicacy
and refinement of feeling which the cultiva
tion of the mind hcfiiows, ltcightens affoc.
tions into sentiment, and mingles with such
connections a dignity and tenderness wluch
gives its dearest value to our existence."
- I noticed some time since ,- In one of our
prominent periodicals r an article entitled
'.'Country Life incpmpatiblo with Literary
Labor." - It seems to mo tlint the argu.
ments of that writer stand on a sandy foun-
this naner, to disnrove one of his asscr.
tions, viz'. We neyer hear of great mental
achievements emanating from tlie country."
If it is true tliat Homer was a Lwan.
doring minstrel, it is most likely truo that
tlie Iliad was tho fruit of a quiet country
life It wn not noccHsary that he should
live amid the haunts of men . to learn tlie
history of the gods ; for, on the Buhjuct of
religion, tiie peasant was equal to the king
in knowedge. Excepting then lis knowl
edge of the go.!.:, and an wequaintancewith
the prevailing wars.Uie ehljficl;of tha Hi-
ad were brouglit from the fruitful- storo of
Homers imagination. The great number
of figures which ho took from the grand or
beautiful objects of nature, aflbrd sufficient
proof tliat this poem was composed in the
seclusion of the country. 1 '
It was after his travels through Europe,
that Milton retired to a secluded place near
his former homeland produced Paradise
Lost that grainiest effort of mere human
genius. .. Little credit can be given to cities
for their influence in producing this inimit
able work. For it, we are indebted to the
Bible, to the vast and comprehensive mind
and brilliant imagination of Milton. ; Dur
ring the later part of his life, this great
man was blind ; but his mind jwas store d
with images" from the book of nature. ' It
is this whieh adds a charm to his sublime
writings. . It is this w hich caused him to
write some of his most beautiful poems.
- The little village of Strafford , which gave
birth to, and under whose sod the body of
bhakspeare now reposes, stands as proud,
lvthe mother of literature, os any city un
der the suii) ! Ho w a more fond of the
country and its associations, tlian ho was of
the busy mart of trade aiid pleasure. He
went tothecity and among hicn to study the
human heartland then retired'to tlie conn.
trv tr mould his thoughts into words under
the glorfenis influence of inanimate nature.
A conta'porary poet said of him, tliat he
was one - . '
a frnm'whose n
l4irjre rtrpaum of hotline and awecte neetar flow ;
Seormngtite boldncmof aueh boae-born men ,
'kich dare tlx'.ir f-iltie forth ao mahly tlirowe,
D0U1 tather-Aoiie lo lit in iillttill, '." ' .
Than up hiiu lfo tomoekt-rio to ru'o.,, 1 "
It isetter far better, to pitio aw ay in oh
scuritvi than live in the city onr! spend a life
j- ?.r.i.. .u;i ' . A it.- j
ill wnuiig iniu wiiieii niiiiiMif re 10 11 lu ue
nnfX'ed appetites bf men. : " . -
Tliere too, is Wordsworth. He-writes
from amid the scenes of nature, and but
seldom makes us thtok of the turmoils of the
great world. Instead of telling us of the
dark feeds of men, or ;of shewing tliedark
side of humanity , he tcdls us of every thing
that is beautifulJn country life. He looks
upon the bright side of things , and as a du
tiful child, makes us wiser tuvl happier- by
telling us of nature and her God. Itisn.
tirely unreasonable t6 suppose the city is
the jslftcfi for him who IS writing for poster,
ty. - The only literature which can eman.
ate from the city is fictitious and political.
i he country1 is the place to study, to think.
and to write, but tho 'city is tho place to
el) the prociucts of your mind. - L
.iiXlia object of literature is tonwke. meh
a"wiser"mid"Tinpprer bi-ing. Tlie poet
makes-us happy because he tells us how we
nwy beeome wv The historian Tioints Tistrf
j-tlie pnit tells us of memorable deeds" and
strange events j and wo learn as it were by
experience to become wiso. ' The philoso
pher points ontniid explain tlie laws which
BPgultttethe .universe, aud wa AA-oiwter .at
thegreatness and admire the wisdom of
God, It is necessary that all these sltould
he acquainted with the world, but it is not
necessary that they shotdd live in the midst
of a noisy city. - - -' .-,-
It is the part of wisdom, after you. have
become acquainted with tlie world, to re
tire remote from its jar and din, and writs
for the instruction of your fellow-men that
which the feelingsjpf your heart dictate. -
Tlie advantages" to a literary man of a
country life are innumerable.. On the one
Iiand he has the workmanship of tlie. Al
mighty, from which ho may draw lessons
of sound wisdom.' On . the other, he be-
t'iolds nothing ..but tho ; workmanship of
lies, and rivers; to innpire him with noble
thoughts. In the other, hit tMon is boun.
ed by "an eternal wall; of briek."" 'This is
the difference between tlie advantages of a
country and a. city life to tho irtan of let
tcrs, and I think all must acknow led getluit
it is very wide. - - - -. '
. Hollo there ! Young man ! we mean
that one clad in broadcloth and ruffles, who
has just emerged from tho bar room, hay.
' . . 11 1 1 1 4 1 a'
ing swauowea nis a ram 01 Dranny ana wa.
ter, and who now appears with a " Spanish
cigar in his mouth, and Is" mounted on a
swift trotting horse hrillo here ! young
man ! you are on the high road to ruin and
will soon trot into disgrace. " Rein back,
dismohuiTlay off your broad clAth ,enst away
. 1 t .1 '. 1 , - "
your eigary aojure me cup, procure some
meclianical or agricultural . tools and go
hard to woik lik an honestnd-useful
Kian. In this way vouf may regain a wan-
ing reputation,, and place yourself in easy
and respectable circumstances in due tunc,
Carolina Beacon. t
- HI '1 L . 1 a nu i -
-r To FKODtTCg VAireTtESl VETtKTATIoJf.
If any one wish to satiMfy hinwH as to
the change Iw may produce in ma'ry arti.
cles, of vegetation by selecting t'iC seed
froraThis plants, let him this spring, plant
two rows of bush beans of the same sort.
On one row preseve the earUest pods that
appear8, removirtg all which appear after,
ward. y Whori ripe, let .them be gathered
amjjet by .themselves. Dtt tho JtlMir4w
pTcsorva those puds only which come forth
from the stalks lato, removing all tlie earli
er ones. When Jtltesc are ripe abw, keep
thenvny Uiem tvcs. Next spring plant a
row of each siiki by side, and you will be
astonished at tlie difference.. The first, ri.
pened beans will be as much earlier jn
bearing than tho last, as was tho dfference
of time between gathering: the seed fitom
tlko twA rows planted this spring. Nor is
this all, tho first will be literally a bush
bean, growing stiff and low, whilw the h.
er will send out vines and reach quite high.
Tlie beans, too, within the pod, to size,
fiilneas, and even color.
Maine. Cultivator. . -
CCr We find the following article in the
Charleston ' Courier ,"which paper, though
avowedly in favor of the Administration,
we are glad to haye it in our power to say,
seems disposed .to do equal justice to all.
Here then, is the whole of the celebrated
Clieviot Speech, which has any relation to
Abolition, about which there has been such
parade made ; and from which, tlie Admin
istration papers , professed to 'have fixed,
indelibly; upon General Harrison the
charge 0 abolition. This Speech when
examined in connexion, instead oLsuHtain.'
ing the chargopf JV,!9litk).n , we. think is... a
complete) refutation, of it. We may prob
ably, in our next number, call tl 10 attention
of our readers again to this subject,, when
we will lay K'fore them all tlie facts in our
possession in relation to it We tliuik ' it
one from the discussion of which Genera
Harrison has nothing to fear. -
GEN. IIARillSON AND ABOLITION.
We once more advert to this topic, . be-"
cause we r re now able to give our readers
all of General Harrison's Cheviot speech,
that relates to tlie subject , of abolition, by
publishing an isolated passage from which,
we were . perhaps mainly . instrumental in
exposing him to the charge of being an ab
olitionist '"That passage, is still, in ouropin.
ion, highly objectionable, in both sentiment,
and couHtitutional doctrine, and, unrccanL
ed, would suffice with ns to exclude Gen.
Harbison: from tlie Presidency j but the
whole tehor of tlie speech shows tlie '.spea.1
ker to be the very reverse of an abolu
tioni.st, ond thai all his sympathies wettj
with bis uative Virginia, and his , Southern
brethren. - The objectiopablc passage, too
broaches a mere theory, to reduce which
tojpftfcticejin opportunity can never be af.
forded. ' It is tliat the surplus national rev
enue may be constitutionally appropriated,
"with the sanction of the states holding
staves" to the united purposes of pmanci.
patron igjnmhase; and wl6niifltlan-ahrf,
as that suicidal wilj never be given by the
southern Mates,-and could not - bo wrung
from tlie Northern State, and certainly
not from the abolitionists, who, on what
thev call nrinciplo refuse to purchase the-
.freedom of slaves, lest theshouM tjrl
concede the right of'Stavery,'- the 'declara
tion is, at the Worst, an idle and harmless
J fine, thrown out at the time, perhaps, as a
. . . . .
salvo to the feelings or prejudices of those
who were so severely rebuked Fn the rest
of tho speech. Even in this exceptionable
. . ... - 1 . .
passage, the General declared in fovor of
emancipation, only as inseparably connect
ed with deportation in which lie ran coun
ter to tho favonto notion of the abolition,
jsts-who go for emancipation, an con
tinned residence here, and denounce" col
onization as a vile and wicked injustice.
The doctrine of the rest of the' GeneraPs
speech, is of the soundest characters He
maintains that fhe jK.tr view of the South
ern rtnt( would lead tliein to a dissolution
of the Union, iu consequence of intcrfer
e.ice with their slaves, even-btrfore such
interference shold rxach the point of re
eeivingtho sanction.of a State that the
slaves are continually and indisHitab!y un
uer tne exclusive control 01 tno tats
which possess1 them tliat such interfer-
fence will only rivet tlw ehains-of tlie-A fri
can that it would bo an "acknowledged
violation" of the political rights of the
Southern States! and 'an insulting inter-
furence with tlHir ' domestic concerns" '
tliat the result of siich interference" could
not fail to be bloodslied and crime,' but it
would ultimately recoil on the heads of itsj
authos and destroy the objects of their false
sympathy, and tliat even if sohie of the
abolitionists are actuated by pure motives,
their fellow citizens will "curse the virtues
that have Undone tlieir country" and fin
ally..." that the discussion on thV subjectof
emancipation in the non-slaveholding states
is equally injurious in the: slaves and their
masters and that U has no sanction in. the
principles (tflh Constitution-These iews
were 8ub.,qucntly' followed out, and on
stronger constitutional ground, by Gen.
Hnrrisin.iTr his" Vincennes sis.ech',r in
which tliere was no exceptionable passage
to mar its music to isoutliern ears. If alter
tliese denKiimt rat ions, supported by Gen.
Hs letters to Judge R-bbien 'and others,
and, still more recently, by one to a meni.
ber of Congress from this Stater, (published
in this paper a short timo since) any;, one
can still believe Gen. IL to be aisabolition.
ist, he would not be convinced tliough one
hIiouIJ rise from tha dead, j ..We now spb.
join" the promistid extracts fronT tlie Chevi
otSiieech. -' ' f': - :
- ---,.i:.r...-:f..-.-.-.': 4 . . . -f-EXTEACTS
FROJl HIS SpEEClf At CHEVIOT
Onto, Jtrtr 4th, 1833
"There is 1-owever, a subject now do.
ginning to agitata tliPrrt (the SoAitheni
States,) in relation t which, if tlnjir alarm
has any foundation,, tlsi itlatiW'SifhatiSn
in 'which they stitnd to some of the States,
will be tha very? reverse to. what h now isj,
I altudij to a supposed disposition in some
individu.'dn in the jion-slnvo holding States
to interfere w ith Uic "slave popiilationf the
other States, for tlie" purpose of forcing
their emancipation. - I do not call your at.
tentmn to tliis suhji"ct, Tellow citizens, from
the apprehension that there is a man am-
ongyou who w ill lend his aid to a proeet
so pregnant with1 mischief; and still leu
that there Is a Su to in the Union whic
could bo brou"ht to eive it countenance. :
But such are the feelings of our Southern
brethren "UjVon this'subject iuch their
views, and tlieir just '' views, of the evils
w hich an interference of tins kind would
bring upon tliern, that long before it would
J reach the point of receiving the sanction of
a ennte, uie. evil o tne. attempt would be
consumated, as far as . wo are concerned,
by a dissolution of the Union. If tliere is
any principle in the Constitution of the
unit hi Mates, less tiisnutatile.; iiian any
other, it is, that the slave population is un
der tlie exclusive contml of tho : btates
which possess them. If there is any meas.
ure likely to rivet the r,hains, and blast the
prospects of the negroes roremaiKination, it
is tlie interference of jinauthorizedperns.
Can aiiy one who is acquainted with the
operations of the human mind doubt this t
We have seen, how restive ' our Southern
brethren have been from a supposed vjola.
tionot their rights. Vhat musl be the
consequence of an acknow ledged violation
of those ,rrights,; (for every man of sense
must admit it, to be so) conjoined with an
insulting mtcrference with their domestic
'Shall I be accused of want of feeling
fo? the slaves by these remarks T A fur-
ther examination Will elucidate tlie matter
I take it for grouted that no one w ill . say.
that citlier the Government of tlie United
States, or thosd of tlie non-tilaye holding
btates, can interfere in any w ay with the
right of property in slaves. Upon whom
then, are the efforts of the misimided and
preVnded friendsof the slaves to operate !
It must be either on the government of tlie
slave-holding States', the individuals who
hold them,' or upon tlie slaves themselves.
And w hat are to be tlc arguments, what
the means by w hich they are " to .innuence
the twdWirst qf these t Is there man
vain en"h to go to the land of Madison,
01 hi aeon, umr oi trawiora, anu ten mem
thattlH'v do not understand the principles
of tlie moral and political rights of man ; or
that understanding, they disregard them t
Can they address an argument to tlie inter,
est or fears of the enlightened population of
the slave States, that has not occurred to
themselves & thohsntjd' and a ' thousand
tiiwsT , To whom tlien, are tliey to ad.
dreas tliemsclves 1 And what can be si'id
to them, tliat will not lead to an io4wcriim
inate slaughter of every age and sex, and
ultimately -to their own destructiorH
ShoAtH..tre .be apiirnatofeyj-hit,.
lias imin wxl, with approbation, such a ca-
tastroplm to his fellow-citizuns as I ' have
rdiiscribed, let. him look to the result to
those for whose benefit he would produce it
Particular sectionsof the country may be
laid waste, all tho crimes that infuriate
man, under the influence ofalf the black
passions of his nature.cah commit, may
be perpetrated for season ; the tide of
tiie ocean ,4ioiy ever, will not more certain,
ly change,than that the flood of .horrors
will be arrested, and turned upan those who
may get it in motion. : ' ;:r,
"I will not stop to inquire into the tjno.
tives of those who are engaged in this fatal
and unconstitutional project Tliere may
be some who have embarked in it w ithout
properly considering its' consequ-snces, and
who are actuated by benevolent and .vir
tuous principles. But, if such there are, I
am very certain that, should they continue
tlieir present cjmrse, tlieir fcllowiUzens
will ere long, "curso tho virtues-which
have undone their countrj'. 1 . . . . ;
-SliotiW t Wask
wTiich the Gcn;rai GoVcrninent can aid
tlie cause of Emancipation, I answer, tliat
it has long been an object hear my heart
to see the wlmlo of. its surplus revenue ap.
propriated loi that object. With tlie sane,
tion of the States holding Uio slaves, there
appears to me to be no constitutional objec.
tion to its bein ' thus applied . embracing
not only tlie colonization of those that may
be otherwise froedj but the purchase of tlie
fipjdoinpf others. But a zealous prosecu
tion oi ainan lorinea upon mat ' dosis, we
niight loot forwanl toa da, not very-dk
tant. whcHKa North AmericnrTnnTWould
not look down upon a slave.-, To those
who have rejected the plan ofeolonization,
r wkHakTif tlwy haycrwclt weighed thi?tmd1a1H7
consequences of emanciiNition without it !
How lonsr would the einancioated neirrtn-s
remain satisfied with that would any of
tho Southern Mates tlien (the negroes arm
ed and organized) bo able to resist tlwir
claims to. a participation in their political
rights ! Would it even stop there t Would
tln?y not claim . ndmitance in wliicbin
syme instances, would conipise the major-
jty T It tlioo who take pleasure in tlw
contemplation if such scenes'as must inev.
itahlv ful law, finish out the picture.
"If I am correct in the princiiih-s here
nuvaneeti, i support my aaseruon, mat me
discussion ort tlie subji'i't -of emancipation
fin the -aon-slaveluilding States i equally in
jurious to the slates and their masters, and
i ... l ' . m:'Z.- nil .. .
jjuu uiw wwiriiww-ag prmetptes vj me
Constitutiim. I must not be understood to
say, tliat there is any tliinr in that" instru
ment which prohibits such discussion.. I
know there is not s But the man who be
lieves that tlie claims which his fellow-citi
zens have upon him, are satisfitsd Jby adhe
ring to the letter of tlie poliUcal contract
tliat copfH-cts themJ' must liftyea ycry iro-
jmrfei-t knowledge of the principles upon
which our glorious JUnion was formed,' and,
bv which alone it can be maintained. ...
mraa tlnwe fbeHngs of regard and affecfiofVj
bi ffllow itins, howeyridistant hia' TUil
wiiK'n wtto maiuiemea in wie nri w m rcurosuj ior airny, ne exenunR-u, -1 ( .. .
tlje Kcvolntion r which Induced, evey ' j that man .murtfcri the' English liBguage I" ; . , v."
erican to think that an injurV jnfllcuS unbri "Not 'so bod,'" replkd Curran. "he has . ,:
cation, was an injury to himself; which
naue ' us, In tffect. one ramle befjre-we
had any papi-r contract ; w hich induced the
venerable Sliclby, in the second war fir
; I i . -
iiKii;pt'nuenee lo nave tlie comlorts which
his age required, to encounter tlie dangers
and privations incident to a wilderness wan
w nica arew irom the same quarter the in
numerable battalions or.voluiiteers which
preceded and followed liim ; and from tho
bulks of the u'wtxmt-Apponiatox.that band
of youthful heryes,wliM-h hats immortalized
tlie aprtcllation by which it was distiii
gtiishcd.Those worthy- son of immor
t d sires did not stop to inquire into tlie al
bulged injustice and immorality of flie In
dian war. It was sufficient for them to
learn, their, fellow -eitizt ns were m danger
that tlie tomahaw k and scalping-kuifu wcro
susienk'd over tlie heads of UieVwomenand -children
of Oliio, to induce them to abaa.
don the ease, and, in many instances, tho
luxury and splendor with ' whieh from
infancy, tiny had been MirrouniW; to en. '
counter the fatigues and dangers of var,
amidst tlie horrorsof a Canadian winter.' . '
.FAm the Watch-Tower.
v j " A BRIEF RECORD., .v.
N It has bijen the custom w ith those of the
leaders of tlie Administration )M wy, to
deci'ive the . great mass of the people, to
speak contemptuously of Gen. Harrison
as a man who lias rendered no important
services to the country. Tbeyiaoio that
the publication of Um truth would bo fatal 4
to them; that tlie history of the life and,
scn-kes of Martin Van Buren will not
bear tho Rhadow of comparison with that- "
of; William Ienry IlarrisoaTliey know .
that tho life of the venerable citizen at
whom tney direct their scoffs, has been1, in
the lanpingeof tlie eloquent editor of tlie
L-siisvi lie Journal " "a remarkable and
almost uneqnolhl record of : highhonors
received'; or arduous dutiesjdischargcd,.
and of glorious enterprizes heroically ac.
complished," awl it is therefore that they -
treat his name with heartless sneers and
insulting mockery. Tliat name, however, "
is destined to go down to future asres with
the history of our Country, aiid the affixrted
contempt or time-serving pohtk-ians and - .
greedy offiee-holik rs will only recoil on
themselves. "Tlie following is :jfhrief and
t 1. 1 i.. l l.r ! ' . i ...
Tuiiuuio rtT.uru oi iu tiie,- wiucn may
fairlyxhallengo tlie adtui ration of every
vv ilua! HENtr. HiRRtsos was born in
Virginia tin the Oth of February, 1773. '
" Itf 1791, when 19 years of a"gL he wnn 1
appointed by Washington an Ensign in .
our inlnnt army. , A ; ,
-Iir l702he was promoted to the rank
of Lieutenant, "and in" 1793, joined thu
legion under Urn. Wayne, and In a fi-w
days therenfttrr, was selected by him us
one of his Aids.,
On tlie 21th of August1794; he dis
tinguished himself in tlio battle of the Mi.
ami, and elicited the nnwt fkitteruig writ
ten approbation of Gen. Wayne.; .-'
In 1793, he was" mnde a Captain, ant!
placed in commintl of Fort Washington
In 1797, lie wasnppiut-d Secrtnry if .
the North-western Territory,'aud x ofjicia
Lieut Governor. ; . - '
In 179!?, ha was chosen a Delegate to ,
Congress. ,' . ! :.L. ' . "'
In 1891, he was appointed Governor of
Indiana, ami in tlie same year. President .
Jetlersoirappointed hiin sole Coiumiiwioner
rennnff with the Indiaiis.
In 1801), lie was re-apiuuitcd Governor
of Indiana by Muilison. .. . ' . ,
On tho th of Njvemlwr, 1811 , ha
gained tlie great buttle of TtrrECANOB.
On the 11th of Ser;r.-niber, 1812, ho
wn oKiirtee by .Madison, Uuinniaiider-in
Clijk-f of tho Nortli-wes'ern Army. . ; "J
On thejst of May, 1913, the siege of
Fort Meigs coinm-need lasted five days,'
rand was terminated by the brilliant aiid
sticeesHful sortie of Gen. Hamson. .
- On the 5th of Octoliert 1813, he piined
the -splendid victory of; the Thisies, "over
tho British and Indians under Jroct'r.
In 1814, hu was . .appi Anted ly Madison
one of tlie CommissioiHTs to trcaj with tho
Ttlnl iii 'tlm 8.-U1I0 year with his
eillengues, Gov. K!M;lby and Gen. Cuss,
concluded the cchbmtrd I tn-ary of Grct-n..
ville. ' ' . " ' - "
In 1815, lie was again appointed swh
Comniissioner with Gen;'McArttuir" and
Mr. (irabain, aid m gotiuhxl a treaty at
lletroit ' ..'
In 1N10, lie was elected a mciubc of
Congress. ' .'
' In January; 1818, he introduced a reso.
hit ion iii honor of Kosciusko, and support,
ed it iij oiu) of '. the -114 fil ling, clnswieal'
aiid,lqqiientp,"Thcs eyer made in thcl .
Houae of Reprw ntntiyes. .,
In 1819, tie w'asr-ilcctod a nKinlier ofi
the Ohio Senate. . '
- Ins 1834, he was elected Senator in Con' -gress
,-mnd was a ppoTntr-rf inl825 "Chai r; "
man of tlie Military Coinniittee,in place of
Gen. Jackson, who had resignedA.;
In 1827, he waa app.ihiUj iMinistero 4';
Colombia, and in IS'Z'i, wrote bis immortal t -letter
to Bolivar, tlie d !iv.rer of South
Anierk-a. :'- t.:..fj:f ':. rH ' .
A NECPOTK.Of THE lTE Ma. Cvsax
Mr. Curran, the late celebrated Irish advo
cate. was walking one day with a friend,
wno was extremely puimiuous ut ins con,
versation. hearine a person near him say,
Innly Inocketl an 1 tntt?
''4 , . ym
. ii . ..