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.iGiL-at Urit:.'..J. 'i .
so :i attracts J f :. :t
C3 year 177u, iLu. s , ,ir.lyti-..jt: j .. v ,o
c.v;ited in E;.0!ai:d tl.-t the dt-' rover mWh;
to conveyed thither in ? v.i? "cargo i.f wheat.
'. TLaohnn there v.-.: .. .t, tint ths Cj
crnrneivt led: ep t'.e r ; " the Privy
Councils-it d.y rftci diy, ani :dy dsUting
what mcas: 1 i Lo adopted to ..ard ofT
llio danger ci' a c .3 entity mure to ba d.-.adcdf
.ns ihcy well ':r. linn the phgrs rr ti.
Icnco; cxpr. :s were sent ufl in ,Jrcc.
lions to llio cuicrs i.f t!u cuii
;U i..o out.
, pcrtsr resptclitr;
the examination of er - .J
C ::UcU'j .vrillen to ' tba -ami . !or.i in
ljarce, Austria, PnVu, ar.J Ainjica,.to
gixin that hiforiivilij;i, of went of whLh
they wcr'o now lj lji: IbK: ; and :,o i:;;-ort-nt
was tha buii;;jsi docnicd, that the V.dnutcj of
th council, rni tbu docutn ? collsti-J from,
f.!l upwards cf 200 c "iiva pnr'cs.V. (Kirfiy
nnJ Spcncs, i. tJ): On t!.o 23ih of Junp
of that year, rrdcr in c):::cil is issued
prohibiting th- entrance into Great Dritain of
wheat raised in any of iho territories of the
United States j iutcn ling, by this measure, to"
keep out tho much. dreaded enemy Soon af.
ter llo arrival of iho news of tin ordorth?
supremo cxecuiivo conucil of Pennsylvania
tddrcs.d a letter of inquiry to iho Phila
delphia SoekMy for Pomoting Agriculture'
who promptly replied that the plain of the
wheat alono vvas injured, and that tho insert
was not propagated by sowing the ;ian whih
'.grew on fields ir.Lctcd with it. -The pruhi.
bltalion was doul'.ljss based on tho crroniis
rrprcsentationjof Sir Joseph D-inlss and Dr.
Dlagden, which, they continued to enforce,
. cvnnufier they were belter instructed by Ir.
Currie. It is sufteicutly-remarkable, that,
although tho wheat was prohibited an cn'.
;lfy," it was allowed to be stored ;"so that the
" Hessian' fly, if concealed amorg" the grain,
would, after ail, have had'a good opportunity
lo c'fcapc intd the country. In cght r. ten
.rnor.th-, the Government bought tho impVU-
Toned wheat at prima cost, kiln-dried it, and
rc.sold it at great loss, and uhv.ost. itii'medi.
'ntcly took off the prohibitaiioo. (M.-oir of
. Currie,' ii, Co.) - , ...
' '' lu tho tours? of a ToV years after thi , lha
Hessian ,fly'was found in every . i,ar: ..our
-tho rcriod cf the Revolution down to tho pre
sent tin:?, no insect hi tJ bnd haj rtcoivcJ
si? hi" ::i public attcntioaof has cailcJ ;out
so rnany scores of r.igc . f observation and
. - spcculati:'
' through rr.. -I;
" . iher.i all the i
. . live .-rk, r:
-iicu'r-1 journclj, and
;in tly cohunues its destru-
it i-?3 hi!f a century
' ; -i v.?.s unoriginal i
.f r.:ji.u. :y cr was imparted by the
. . is n question 1 yet settled.
d.'ecussion ..i .led .to
rc'..'.'-:-ry crder, an cx
- j n Jltwd i.: the cene
jal.... i...;t in
Yet, i:i tho
u W . . 0 i i '
... . f.
' . i:
v j l y ;.'V
! - i previ.
.. .'.I qu-HT.ed
v j f iil-w
This i.. ,
as 1 . , .
. Isp ;
i.h me i:i
e i c j Lt. ny
i-n "y, incur
p. (cw remarks red
r ! ':;, m'I",,',!i c? . t if another in t by
v.l.ie'i tho f
gV:; "5 r-fin'i-tion,
i leutify l!it? it.
tis: Tho II
' r: :i i':r!med
-p.d tedi'j- ' .
. : to c :
! Ci, . j a t
sec, Willi I.-JU, ts, ..;:. tliorar, L
head is mall and dpred ; t!:a j (ji
rn3uth.fvc!ois)'are tl;rec or four j-dr.v I t' 1
basnl ono bring the smallest; iho nntc- :
arc about h(,'f- as, Innj Is the body, and ci
sitcach of from Id lo 17 o'v I i )ints, ' .side"
tho basl Joint, which aj ; nrs doul!e;Jhe
wins are ' large,1 hairy i Jed at the lip,
nndli'ive each two or three longitudinal nerv.
ures; the nbdotii-j is of a lawny red, and
furnished, irrr ihtiy, with many black hairs;
consists of seven rings or Segments, besides
the uvipositor, whieh is of, two aides, and of a
roso-redjcolof ; tho oiipositvjr, when extend,
ed to. the utmost, is about om-t I 3 "as long
r.3 iht abifornen ; "leng'h of bo ' '"'orri lho
Cr. at of ih head to the end of Jth. ..bdotnen.
about onc.elghth of an inch; the legs arc long
end blender,-palo rec(fOndt covered sparsely
with dn rk ; haii. JThcr maiti is equal in size to
tho ftotlc, but generally less black; with an",
tchr.aj' somewhat longer, ; and about three
fourths.thc lontli't.f the body. , Tho joints of
ihc Qntenntqaro globular," tind -ligl.ily separa.
ted from each oi! t.' Several other species
of tho genjs cecidemyiao't on? closely allied
to it, arejpornmon. in 'this region - But the
Hessian fljf is tho .lirgcst:and darkest of our
Epecics wilu which I nm acquainted."-'
Tho eggs o'reiduid in the long creases or
furrows of tho upper surface of the leaves (i. e.
tho blade br strap. shaped part) of the.youtg
wheat p!art." f While depositing Lor eggs the
insect stasia vlu her Hen 1 to v. a tnc point
ur cxtrcmjly of tlie leaf, and at various dis-
Ur.ccs L.tjtecti tho point: anU where the leal
j-.it.s r.nd .surrounds t!ic st tlk. Thy number
found on ii single leaf vari-M from a single
egg up to Uiirty, or even more. Theeiigs i
abdlit a'fifiieth'of a;, inch long, cylindrical,
rounded, at the ends, glossy and translucent,-
of a pale red color, becoming, in.a few hours, i
irregularly spotted, with deeper red.'. Between
its exclusion arid its hutching, licso red spots
oro continually changing in number, size,
andT posittpn ;and sometimes nearly al disap
pear. Aclinic while before hatching two
lateral rows of opaque white spots, about ten
in number; can be seen. in! each egg. - In four
days, more or less', according to the wcatheV,
ihe egg ia h'atched ; -ihe'littlo wrinkled nng.
got or Idrva, creeps I out of Ihc delicate mem.
brahous jjgg skin, crawls down tho leaf,Vn.
cra''lbej sheath, und proceeds along j the
stalk i usually as far as the next joint below;.
H : j iv fastens, kngihwise, and head down
v.ard., to tho tender stalk, and lives upon ihe
sap. , ltiuoes not gnaw the stain, nor does it
enter tho central cavity thereof but, as the
larva increases in 6ize, it gradually becomes
imbedded in the "suostancetf the stalk. V-After
taking its station, the larva moves, no
rriore, gradually loses its :reddish color and
wrinkled appearance, becomes plump and tor.
iJ, is at first semiiranslucent, and then more
..d k6i3 clouded wiih internal white spctj ;
. :.J, when near maturity, lha middle of tho
i.'.rsti" parts , is of a greenish color..' In
five or six weeks (varying with the season)
the larva logins to turn brown,' and soon be.
comes ff a bright chest nut color. In this
state, ho insect bars some resemblance to
a fiix seed ; and r observers speak of this
us ilirfax seed state,' - The larva h:.s now be.
corr.3 a chrysalis, or pupa, and lakes no more
food. The a within gradu illy cleaves olT
fr.v..i i!.a cuter tk:::. cr.d iv.i iz c :ftw o
cr thne ks,
is cr" ly dct:c
so that1 the skin of th
rva (now ;,d
brdorid, and of a sort of leathciw ..iiure)
hr.? 1 " -ic n casabr shell or-' the pupa in.
'-!. i is, of cc-jrs,' in siz r.nc
-. 4 - , ... "-' " " "
f -f:o t: larva : i: is oval, tu'-m
b:r.:ctii,"ar.d cf the sar.
ci..."- f fi..3 sulk ; C
t t- 'rr.cn'.?, i
,-irvo ko.o i.o
I l ) c! '.:h jf
ft car.tr:;cu iale; jtl, "t ' : "ac!i!iS r-d
i: sk::i Lti vi covered ir.:cj;lo-cle; ..
tio;; Jut before cvoiu'.Ioa, v.e find ho pu-
pa invested ia a'Wic&W r.:cibrans,'Crcarf,
- r v r
. . Li a f.
: ! i r . i cr'
3 rial.; nt the nvr.r
ly tucking cf the plant, iLcy icrcasa in
brcotr.e full r.nd hard, ard, p.c.vsir d.- ; !y
ir' iho st ti ' . , t' irp-iir its f j.vih ; and
ii i - ir r.v r i -Jt
f t:u.; is , I.'. . J. i'rrv .
t! v;!nmpoveria'..-, aJ.:i..
L-. : ii: but when i'..j j;.
j'.i own we!;;,:.!, or pei; -sa!!;
to break down.
1 Si C"
y tho pressure on the yielding
rsix weeks tho larv 'ton fctdini.
; i t.u.or skin tui: brown, ar.d. within this
LrowrJ an i L-lhcry cr.se ' l! pupa pass the
wintei generally, a littlo below tho surface
of l! : earth.- In April and May the. fly i
again. found depositing her eggs on tho same
wheat, (viz; that from jraiii sown the pre.
ceding ."utumn,) and also on the : i::g wliCnt.
w!;ich has: just come up. These eg hatch,
and the larva' therefrom operate in the same
manner as those of the aututnn previous. -Th:
' va become p'jpa about the middle of
June. ' ,,o flies which lay their eggs iu the
spring, are probably in part from the "pupa
vyhich became such late in the preceding uu
tumn!? and partly from pupa contained in
stubble left the p it reding summer. The pc.
riod 6f the exist.... j of thejlessian fly in the
pupa or flax-seed "stc-lo ici exceedingly varia
bier 1 Afier rrvoc!: ( L..rvation, my own opin
ion is, that, in general pupa which become
such late in the autumn evolve the winsod ii.
. - - o . ,
'sect partly during the next spring, and partly
in the summer and autumn following.: r Those
jpupa? which become: such about June evolve
the winged, insect partly during the next au
turrin. and partly during the year succeed.
Tiie Hessian fl is attacked by numV
foes, which, in vafious,stages of its cxi-.: :.ee,
d 'stroy a , large part of.eyery generation.-
Whether it has, m its winged state, any ene.
mics, except tho ordinary destroyers of flies,
I: know not.'- The. eggs, while lyin on the
leaves of thq young plant; are visited L a very
minute four.winged insect j (a species of pla.
tygaster,) which lays in them its own eggs.
From later observationit'appears that, ' eca.
sioually, as many as five - 'or six eggs of, this
parasite arc laid in a single egg.of the Hessian
fly,. 'The latter egg hatches and becpmrYa
pupa, as us'qul;but from ihc pupa case, in-
stead of tho Hessian fly , issues one or more
ofth'ese minute parasite.?. - -- .
' The pupa, while' imbedded in the stalk
are attacked bv.at least three dillercnt minute
parasites, (four.wirigcd hymenoptera,) which,
boring through the sheath of. tho stalk, depo
sile their rggs in the body within; and the
la iter' is finally devoured by ihe parasite larva.
These aie iho principal means by. which the
multiplication of the Hessian fly is restrained
within tolcrublc limit?. -' v " ' - -
Although the loss anhually sustained by the
wheat growers of this country, in consequence
of the ravages of the Hessian fly,: is severe,
yet it it well. r.: 'i impossible to ;asce.rtain
even its probablo;.mouat. As- long since as
1800, Dr. S. L..Mitchill, of New. York, at
Grmcd'lhat t!.e ' insect is more formidable
to us than. would ! e an-G"ryof tweoty'lhou
sani Hessiar-s.' : !8'J 1, President Dwight,
of Yale Co'l-'-, i marked that this insect
is feeble and hclptcs im ihc extreme, defence,
less against the least enemy, arid crushed by
they most delicate touch ; yet, for many years,
it has taxed r this country'annually, more,
perhaps than a millioa of dollars"."-' At ihe
present day, ? amount of ..the injury inflict,
cd probably iar exceeds .what it was forty
years since; and to discover some -feasible
mode of exterminating the insect, or, at least,
pf. arresting its ravages, is an object cf great
importance to this co-jr.iry. " . ' - - -i
,Yarious rc:r?Ji . I measures -havCj from
lime to tirr.?, toca proposed ; -most of .which
I will here state. " . . . r? ;"- -
1st. Siccpi-"; the seed -wheat in elder-juice,
sr.'.otion cf i..te, L ,;.!ing water, .or other li-qui-ls;
or r.'.Irj in lim, a;'3, or sorro
t.:her substr.r.eo, in or.!, r to, kill lheegg-. -Ci
:.It!'.3 f--3i:f v II-:: '-.p. fly tire ret on
e . l" it by sue, -ro-
the plant, t '.."; rr.
rt." i . ir- f
c' w...J fremT,c:" in
a"! mads its appear ree
i',- iv, 47.) This-rccom-
' fi ' ''- '
Hngtheyou:..; v. hi at with inf.:-! .... c! Jt r
aa 1 with other tu-tps. ; Il succcfc-.iul, ,l ich
is -;ite uncertain, it j I;t:n i!:-:t :!:-o:3 r.:.-.s-ures
arc irnpracticaL.j on a Iut;e tcr.le.
7:h. Sowing winter . heat ver; h.to i:i tl.c
cel-mnVsjlh-t V.u'Zy t.M bc tnctiy d!..
ap; eared hef )re the plants ::: lar chough
to be all '-cd. Nt doubt ibis p'an i to so..-. -extent
useful, ' "tho wheal s-nvn late is i.i
great d mgeroi t riohing during tho "winter.
The fly wi'.lrf course attack it in the spring,
yet one att will do less damage than tvo.
Cth.-o. .g oats early in autumn gn the in
tended wheat. field.-, h is supposed "the fly
will lay its eggs on the plant ; then let them
bo ploughed in, and ihe.wheav sown.. The
fly i. ,ving nearly exhausted itself on ih"" cats,
the wheat 'will suflor less.. . This plan t "iy
possibly be of some partial utility: - - '
"9th. Drawing a heavy roller oer the young
wheat both in autumn and spring. -This pro
cess musLba .useful in crushing many, eggs
and larva;. - '- ' . : - r
- 10. Permitting sheep r -d other animals to
grazj the wheat-fielos w'. v the insects are
laying tl.Jr eggs. . T these .rneans large
numbers of. tl. j c . . , bo devoured .with
the leaves.. . ; ; ? -
- 11. Burning the stubble imrncdiattly hfier
harvest, and ploiihin in the remains. , Tnis
is by far the most practicable and effectual
mode of exterminating the insect, or at ieastj
of checking its increase. In the stubble are
manypupce of Jhe fly , at this time completely
in out power ;if, in' reaping, the, stubble js
left high, the fire would sweep . rapidly over a
field, and destroy nearly all these pupce ; the
L ich escaped the fire, would, by the
pleego, bo buried so deep as to perish in the
earth ; mere ploughing in of the" stubble tnut
be t highly useful. If the two rccomn:. 1 -tions
Jast named were thoroughly put in m
lice overjhe. whole countrj 'not only upon
wheat, but also op m; and. baric , and any
qlhcrplants attackt . y tho Hessian fly the
ravages-of this insect would,. iil all probabili.
tyi ere long, become scarcely ;wor. by of no.
ticc'-,. k''-f! ":-lv:' s'-:..' "-"" ; :
It may not be improper, in ib's place, to
state, that the foreoiri account ' the habits
;" ... " - v. -. - -.o , C r " . .
of ihe Hessian fly, is derived from my own
long-continued - observations," and thai 1 h;ve
moreover endcavoied to consult -J. tho p ipers
of any importance which havu been published
on the ciibjort. , .r,'. -
. Theiu arc in the United Sir.' brside.s the
''eFiian fly,' sever l other inscta which at.
tack iie w heat while -in the field Th"- : per
sons who assert: that tho' former hu i. ggs
on the grain in the spike or head, hive un-
doubtedly mistaken for the Hessian fly some
one of these other i. cts. The following
brief notices of.the mora important i)I l!i!
enemies, I have abridged from the accoui i
comprised in Dr. T. W. Harris1, - Treaties
on some of tlie insects' of New Eng7andf u.hJi
are injurious tJ vegctio.i ; (Giimb. ItiU:
459 pges, 8vo.,) a work of great interest and
value. '. 4 '
In it tho inquirer wiU find a faithful digest
of all the reliable information we have on the
numerous insects" ' which : injure our . plants,
fruits; and -trees; and, in addition, he-will
learn the. means of defence, -.so far as any
have - been-discovered.: -The book ought to
be in -the hands of -every intelligent farmer
and orchardist. . -. 1 ' -:
.1. A grain, moth (Angoumois . moth
alucifx cc, "-Oli v.) probably the s?. me as
dcsciibcd ly Colonel Carter, in the Trznsac-
American Phtusr-Jitca'.. hocitty,
volom6i;i77i ; ' by J- L'
1812. It isabui. ihrce-ci;
of an inch
I .r.r'n-hcn its wings are .... ;
.:r"s a: jf a Jiht brown satin l
h-tre, c-evcring the body lioriinla'.ly :.levc,-
-t a Utile at the &t-s. . D'.cr
-i and th : rest of the body are Cih-co! ir-rH-3
r- An lays her eggs f'dly on ihj
; r.r.J tender grain' jn th :!J; each
r, ;: .r"fratn these'.rggs selects a'sir!-;
' -irrows ir. j , .?id rem concealed,
-1 v - lh: v.ithir. St:jecting the
-r:.:T :t:"a he.it cf 1G7 deg. Fr.hr., for twelve
hoursj in an oven, will kill t: e insect.
Ilirby.) is a small orange coki.e 1 iwo-winged
vut, which jay? 1:3 zv Ll -' 1
l.t-.-c. i . ap; 't.!,'." ..ut ,1.. ' .n.
ctc: rni: t!
i :et u r its n
' , , ,
n rd fr.i n U t' e three, th. . e ure probt. !
b!y uther it.owels more or leis i: Je.i.'es to oi
Mu.It i Lwi n ; A i;i
cur j ver'v.is r
y:-t their I.4LI.3
') rrlllll'f I ii '
.re ir.' - : ' et! , - : !. ritre I,
and many cf tl.J cr"-u;;;- - c..f.
ceiitradlctcry. It is gaally to I 1
that ill who Vr t!'3 'op port: !:v '
deavor to r.. ' rcful clerv:1-'
communicate tliem to the public.. , ?- . -
These observations must be accompanied
by accurate decriptions of tho insect under
examination, and in its various stages; other,
wise, most of the labor will be spent in vmij."
A).icrican Hemp. -Ctpei imeQis were made
at Louisville, a few days ago, with ? nnchino
fur testing t' e strer.gih of cordage t'. inufac..
tured from Hemp, which showed that Ameri.
can Hemp, in.-.. .d of sufilringh a comparh
son with thcUusiian article, giincd by t he in.
ves;igrtion,. Inthe test of larger cordage, the
Kentucky article sustained a. much greater
weight than tliat imported from Russia, "
-Thin shoes are worn in winter by high spi.
riled young ladies who would rathe r d'.i than
, - No widow ii so. utterly widowed . in her
circumstances as she who has a drunken hus
band; no orphan sa perfectly destitute as ht;
who has t ' nken father. ; ..
"A lead t;:;r.2 of considerable value has been
discovered near Lexington, Val, on the farm
. of-Mrs. Daxter.
A fossil tut ;!j t ihieeu ' 0 nod .en
h-et high, it is s,uiJ, has rcu..Iy been found in
the Himahiy s mountain- in Abi i. -
Oil Monday, .two you: jlers,' of Pliila.
delj.hia j "went oM"1 ar.d f ;:0..: j duel, On
-.. aa. slightly vi. ...ltd in fc jhe back -and his
I. : -.-as s:;ii' - ' l
I'rt.i. .1 .t atlJ C
..day, between the
!!e !:;.!:, employed, on
it Richmond. Pai" No
the r:;il-i . : J near
-"'.' - i v!. fa account. . v
Lm-ston, .e ut of Texas, is "deliver.
.s in. New Orleans.
A . .1 n 'e sa v s , wi t h mo r e
C , t , .... : ..
;t ; ' " . palateable, people al
tn,..i, 1 uergy and ei.terprise.
a dealer adverti: j hberaily, f
infer 4hat.hc hnsan a&sortrnent
ho io :.ot o1
On th 27
I to havp examined by ell.
t, a xvoiker in an iron foun
i , . was injured : by haying u
' of 1: iron poured on him. '
O.I iunsday219 cinigrantsarrivet?? fiom
Ireland, at Piiilidelphia. - . -. - -r -
Rev. C. A. Foster incontinently resigned
ihe office of Principal of the" FtmaleTnstitute
at Holly Springs, Miss., a few'wet-ks s;4xe;io
consequfmcc of a difTtcnlty which arose from
his having made matrimonial proposals tosev.
oral of the young laJi. who wcro pupils at the
It.atitute. Rejiort gav a much worse fcatu
to the causo of his abdication!..
- "; Worlli Carolina f"c:icry.
; We arc satisfied th -1 e t . e is less k now n
abroad, than any other in 1 Uuion, and one
of. the reasons is,--the mot interesting parts
of it are not visited by strangers at all, and
but too rarely , by our ow n citizens. A cor
respondent describes in thispapor, some of
ihe scenes with which our state aoounds, and
the grandeur of which .would compensate an
European tourist for all his trouble and cx
pense in reaching it. ; The New Yorkers al
most run inad about the ; wild an J I - auliful
scenery' of, the North Iiivcr, when it i' ntli
irg like so-grand, rcrr.ant e cr bcetl, as
that .erv w lie re lo be met with in c t own
mountains.. Lathe traveller, in r:arch c."
! . :th, cr the picl-ere 7:-, 1 tj cer ::.!rc:...
V.'c -:-.rr: c-.int:..',' Jn.d. c; t-l r
i. i-- ir!;!!r" -ext ,cy
- ' r t! ... ' rnPir-
! i. Vv'. v-
v !.es - nt-
t;3 j 1 -. ::r resort of
$ - - -
No one died from the e fleets of injuries
received on the Uairwn race ccurse, t'tt seve
ral Lt.:j-jt..;!o. j have taken place ;a cohse;
qecacc of the ecidcpti; .
i.! 1 1 u i..v
i, r.t'.J i
t, . .
- .. I ... 1
i .it .:ea usl. ti - r
l . cn received with pi
' h t' e mcol. ur.af.ect..
i ' - ."f.Kcting dif, .:.a-aioa'
e lore the loss of a kind
-rocs man, and 'an able, in;
.es;: i'Jtr.t brother, we feel that our
; ri.ii are almost overwhelmed in tho
at t-ahimiiy which has befallen his family;
1 tr, country. .-".'
. , That for candor, ami bilitif : nnd
!: : ':t'r i:1 private, and for firmness, in.
,f u. fence, ability, and generous devotion"
m i . .:c L,o, we, in all stneenty, declare our
U.-f lhat f w !. ve equalled and none sur
! in ' 1 -;o wohh we now commcmo.
... i.ij 0s"a tribute of respect td
or vLi.;'.J. ;.r.d beloved brollier we will
.r ci..; - o:w;er left arm for threo months,'
:v.l recor.viend that our brethren through,
out ihf D -tiict do the same." . -
irje.V .', Tnat these resolutions be trans 4
"tu d by lite Secretary to the papers of the
D. irict for publication; Viih a request bV "
thuotlier. jprira of tho State jepublish tho "
iamo, .- - - .".'?'''
It wna rnov: J and carried that R. R, Heatij;'.
C. R. Kinney and J. C. D. Ehr hghaus, Vii
appointed u Com nittee to tranemil a copy of
thrsB resoluik l: tW fipily of the deceas.'
'..J J . ' " 'J...i j
v-u, iiiiu- t-spri ss our oeep couooience wiin
then in their oercavement, - 7
, B. M. Baxter, 5cc. '
. ITuhavay Staves Gran Batih Tho . .
Hi'gerstown lurch L'g'.. and New publish"
accounts of a grand b title" that canv: on
.Monday mornin ; bctwrn twelvo rum"
-way slaves fi 0 .1 Lecsbur, Va., and 'n ight' -"
citizens t! butithbuig, T'd.. iney wert;;..
pu- - d on the rc-' ' to rrmit'.. jurg'by fir. Ad; v
it:i : h u k , Jr., at clock in lie morning.
ni . . ''ng thv.-m to bo ru..aways, he a- ' "
lariiicLi i!o citizens of Smfthl -:rg,'and a pari'-'
ty consisting of Mr. flank, Consta! !?' Flora
Jos. VValtrmyre, Heriiy Lyday, Jr., Calvin " -Shoop,
Wra. McCoy, Jos. D.;Price and Jvhri . 1
Diamond,- started in pursuit. Upon overlai
kitv the nrgrces they were commanded td'
bait, when they drew themselves up in balllei
ot der j their Lader exclaiming to them, 4tNowj
Loys, u u c n .you, tignt. ii;cy were
armed with pistols amd tomahawks, and trrK
mediately. - commenced . an attack oU ih&
whiles fei'ing several of them to the. earth
at the oniet. The w! ';.o being nn'tricd, cx-"
cept with bludgeons, found themselves engar?- '
ed in rather an (ineqUal and , hazardous con3
test; Krpcaicdly the negroe -yvre knocked
down , but they rt turned lo the contest with rfc. ,
doubled fury, rnd being all stout uridatbletio
men, were rather hard to handle. - Constoblo
Flora was lwic knocked down Pilce had hid - j
anii nearly severed, aha4 the bone broken by ai;
b'ow from a tomahawk he had a pistol snap.?-
pod al him which very .fortunately failed to gp'"
ot7 McCoy Isad h:s shoulder dislocated-Lyf...
day received a wound in the fchoulder'lrom a -tiimahawk
Shank was several times felled to , ,!
the earth, aud the whole party . more'or less
injured. . ' Howeer, afier a 'desperate contest,
the whites succeeded in carrying off one prls-
oner in an almost hopeless condition t lth
two pis'0'5 and tivo tomanawks, wnicn were
wr. ited from the hands of the negroes. An-
oiher nrgrd,- fcfadly. wounded, after foiio'whlg-
his: companions a mile or two upon' their 're
treat, gave himself up. We also learn that
iwo more of the gang wero arrested nearLeit-,
ertbu'rg. BzJlimcre Sun. - V ' ' ."
Tlic Unty bt the VItisi. 'r
;'Wo hearti'y coincide in the sentiments can
gained in the following article from, the Alex
andria Gazette: . , ' " "
' We spoku the other ddy, of tho c. ,---iina-lion
of the Whigs to make no luciioe - t po 1
vition to tlie present Administration, but, to t
permit it,-without, hindrance from tl em, to
shape its policy, develope its views, and ; lace
thejship of .State on the tack w hich it i i in
tended to make for the next', four 'years. At
the same lime we stated that it was "equally
the intention of the Whigs to keep a'waich
ful eye upon those, in power, , tt scan: their
course with attention, and : VMw their move- V
ments with a vigilance 1 iil'never lire.
This is a duty ih y owe ....mselves and
lu the country and, in 1I10 language of an el-iqut-hl
English writer, applied to his political '
opinions in his own c rt.try, - a 1 1 the more
d, if ibis party in jower should be' found
iicting vviihout any fixed principles, covering '
nv.r i's intercistt el vit ws .i:h the semblance
of ojdnion, and sh:; ing its coat e, 'professed.
Jy, hy ihc; popularity ol political ere ed real.
ly, by that convc r.ient needle, which, wide as,
its otci' itio'-j t. .y be, always dips to itself"
And, we cannot but think that the intelligence
iif the country h.. dreody detected and mark-
td this dip of, the po i ical needle, as exempli
fied in numerous .'.-aes which, ha e 6ccimd
since th admiustratun;coharnenced lis labor
of love in the dispensation of power and' pa u
ron-.ge of-the government.-.- As'-lhe gicnt -woik
gocs-on, and the ; :i:Lts of the
Presidential contest ccrr.j in to beg for ari ' to
receive their rewardsj we 1 dl .coe mon e-f
these illustrations - 'Alreclv
13 rr.ar.. .
that in tho bestowal
have been n. , 'e to
r" e.t.j( t.S, ten C r.. .
e friend ruined .
r. "rsouti: . ana op. o-mourner dui ois
appointtd,rh.rgrined,ond mortified jiartizans,
wtiq bear their repulse wiih ill-conctaled vex-:
fttioii, and will take hereafter an c; prtunity
- . . . . 1 i i
astab under the fifth rib," where thev
to gi ve
can gratify their. rcen-, and contribute to
work their own er. Js. The disposition is man-
ifes' 'now the execution ef the .esign wi!'
country, cuV. ; .'..- i'-- ;.:r l"JT3:ai: if