North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
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;r i.) te
i.s r rt !"ry
t. .". 1
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rv, or dclitcr i
enlaii,i f-f V,. :
:n to H.
n -i rr. i 1 l
c I ,l !i j ,
-ti" i i f s..1 :h r
,:a pay the
tjvcj1;' tv j,
rv.-.i vi incurs J
in tha ircjin'itr.',
Ij Itl-iIJ vvt 't !; " utmost hospifility
y tiiS A'r.";ricin )ri;it;3 at iho j het?
v. l;;.'rc liny us y L '. if ikl frn-
! -m t-f ih Unit. tlfi'.ci, L.-Dre rtcvin
r.uti"' fr.j: M. hwuU ob'.iin in-
t-'Ir;', !;.''", fUrtJ'-'!i ;ii:y okcr channel, of
thj cxis:it:ce ol MtxicaruMjitivcs w'ithin its
tt ritory, it wi'l proct-e-d forthwith io ttrct
tf.'-ir rcloiss aaJ delivery Iq' iho-Mexicuti
6;'iit uk ubove biipulatci).
Fo,' thc purpose of giving o theso'stip
uUliotis' the fullest' possible t-fiisacy, ihoru '
by Affording the" security 'anJ redre-j4' do
iinnJfd by theif true spirit ani intent, the
governmyni of the United Siates Wiil now,
and hurcjfter -piss, wLhtrjt unnecessary
dtlny , and always vigilantly enforce; such
as the nature of ihu subject may rc
q'rr". And fih'ally, ihu iacrednes of this
ob!i T4t,oa hiill never b lost stgfu of by the
slid g(ivonm)pnt wlv.'n pruvtding fir thot
renuval ot the IntliatiS from any portion of
thy said tenilories, or for its being settled
by citizens Df the United States; but, on the
contrary, special csre, slnli thou by taken,
not In pl.tcu its f r.diin'uccjpants under j'he?
necessity of seeking new hr:i!?, by com'
milting thoe invasions which the Unilt'd
States tuvo sj'cinnly oblig'xl thernselres q
re;tr?.ii. . ' " -
'- ;v ;VV
la c r1- rt ; ; .! jratiun cf the extension acq.iireQ
by tl.e h-K.l.irira of the L'uited iStotes, ni
i!. f.j' tl in.tl.'j fl t r !i article of tho jircscnt
irc.ty, government of tl;o United States
ipjv;i'3 to pay lo th it of the Mexican re
public tho sjm ol filtapn millions at do'iirs.
Irnmediaiply ufieiihis treaty s'.iil! Invo
been duly raiiljid by the - govermivjnt ol
ir.o ..lexicjn repuoiic, t ho, stm or truee
niliions or dollars shall be piidto-tho said
cilffinimpril tit t! if nf ihn ITm'tnrl toloo
nt ihs city ol Mexico, in tho g-ld or silw
coin of lexico; TV rrnnining wehc
millions ot dollars shall b j paid at tha same
place and ia thesamo coin, in'tinnual "in
stalir.enis of three mi'honi cf dollar teli,
toother with tr.'r. ht'o.'i tho same nt th
rata of six per cewu-i per annum. .Ti.;.
interest sliaH bjin lo ru.i upon :he whole
s.;tn of twelve inlliious from tha day of th
ratitveaii'oncf tha prc3cnttri..iiy by. t!i
" Mexican govonunfrit, ntid tha f?Dt of ' llie
'nxf:ilritnt h'lll h mi"! .". c x r:i '. .,".ri
.of one year from tha stum day. ,'Togethor
ni'.h each annual inslahr. ""us it falls
d'j ' i!;e w hoi interest ncc.
g nn such
thall a!3j be
instalment from ihe beinnio
' - ; Article 13.
Tha United States cngg", m jrcovsr, to
. "cssurr.i b:i J'pajr trra "claimanti all tlie a
monrits now d.u them, and the-e:, hreaftsr
to I -cum o :s. by reas. :i v. . t:.j ci.ii.iij
ready lijuiditt-d and d.ici ' -d cimst tli-j
Mexican rrruV.ic. un !er ih. convcniio:is
between the two 'republics isevera'ly cunclj
ded on the t-lever-th da 7 of April, eighteen
hundred and thirty. nine, an 1 mi the thir
tieth d y of January, eighteen hundred ur.d
fsrl'lhre; s, llrit the Mexican republic
shall be absolutely f x?rpi for t!ie . fj:ur
from cr, expenso v!Uvc c:o account
.1.3 said cUutti.
. Articjle 1-1.
TIi3 United States do furthprmorc -di
chu.;1; tJui Mexican roi-uhhe from all claims
U ett'.ens i if th"- U..i.i J States not h.r
:. "n previou
of ihis t
C. r. 1 a r. J r
..I lj ri
ta date r.I li.o t: ':i
which dicti3cg" yi.all
r in i
,1 1 it- - r s
l! c to. 1 ur: rj-
f.-u.a all d.K.... I,
t f Ihcir citi'.vr.s r:
::.g artielo.i.J J
;A. ! f.rtVer ca"ci
:r.our.t rr. v 1!;:.
li.vi iv-r l. ; j; i:::
dicg thr: c cri .
t. . To -i r. '
m :-r.t ill.' j c'.-'
r s . " . j ; I ' i
t-V, f v
t j ?. "i r
r t i-f i
i -,i o
.lid f.lV.i u
. . - I
; J 5, ir l. ..c,: .. '.its, f
v'j i in tir peesi; in
.:.:t.e.-::.d ,.:.. -s or tx
.) to L? lr -.-milted to
i-r, (cr v.:;'
:? . f tl. 1 'in'
I.. ii ! ;J - :r.".iry cf b. i:c , v h slll ir.i
'.UlJ c.tfv r !.i.'n ovor i' ir.o mu
f J of c r.'-i Prcilz I. .That
iOJii ,.i !i i.t bipii-uyf or
ai'lL; iu i-e cf, any tf!aima:t,' until the
j di'i tth'cli it is expected to prove by such
L .a, record, or documents, shU . have
t.M stitcJ under eaih or alHrraitioa.
cf tha extracting parlies reserves
Ivi iiivlfiKi entire ri'U la fortify -whatever
' .: ;". i ' .; i. " ..' - . 1"! " ..
pjir.i HT.r.m us territory u nay juug-piup.
, ; uh i, ii w rv far its M-i'iiritv.
' The treaty cf atnity , commerce, ani
navi-ition, concluded at the city of .Mexico
on" lit fth djy of-Aprir, A. D.1831.," be
tv n t'n Untied States cf America a'- '
lbs United' Mexican States, excpt the r
ditionai ariicle, and except, so' far fl"
stipulations of -the 'saTd'trcJity may bo .
cotj.piliblo wtih any miputJtion' c-
in tiu present treaty, is hereby i
tha prtrioJ of eiglitears rom t'
the exchange ot ratification"
hhthe sitr.jforco and v"u.
rated therein; it boidg unders'
of -tho contracting, partial rt-s.
iho right, at' any lime ufter tho
of eight years shall have boon
terminate the same by givi
notice of such intention to
' - Article 1'
All supplies wliatever f .-f
tho United Statesin V at
purls in the ucctipv. ; .e-
vious to the hint , "
cs of an
:t i f ihoiunU J
faith to i ,
all possible t
cles o'.h -rtuintity
use nr '
tly to vniorce,
: the revenue
'.jt, of nay aril
. ,'lvinl and ,in
I ; vjnted .for the
: tl.j forces 'of the
r linn . they may
i xn end it shall
rs an 1 rgni of iho
'rzz to the Mexican
t active ports any at
U uyjz of this . stipu
iy Lisw of, " or, may
1 to give to such
. ir n-jwer with
y such attempt
.Llls'a 3 J by . sen
T.-i-.inil shall be
. cation of ihs proper
. j frau lulunlly mtro
ver, imported ' tntu
i.i ih occupation of
- vh?ther by citi
.:r ov citizens or
! :v;tion4 tha follow.
. !l-e, cfTjcts, anJ.
previously to the res-
s !-:. io the Mexi
w.-i for, in the 3d
" ' . rnlnt I r.im
" u" 1 f
. df .
Lv tha CIciican tar.
cxcrr.j-Aion -hall - bo
rf'w.ind.se, e fleet's,
.,Lst:quen;ly to the.
a 1, -is5, and pre
;.:d in iho follow"
. inta force of ihe
cl -ct., and proper;
i t-.m-j of th.ir im-
e payriiuiit of duties,"
. Ul UU1IVS.
.1 i i illov.ic
T"1'. ' PP1"
j ct the place
fi .avinj: suca
t wf c.,ry kh.'d, under
- -! .n.iT'ion. Nor
.', lo any chirire
- ' ; ih-ercof.
.. ,t ..".ets,, arid- prop
";.,! tiTst ana scconj ruis,
. r. 1 to any plac
' : i . ' ' s-: : w as in ths
T.-jc: th. U. Statesj
c j.-.'i mince ilierein, b
. veon ir.e- sjlm .or cja-
froi:i tvery kind' -of
' ' t . v.r. ' r whatsoever
r i s r z M an 3 is a , ; o'c t s o r
"L 'd i:
' l.rr.? L
l'. -V i'
iho iii at and second
to any p.aco not
tho fjreos "of ihe
ill, uo m their intro-
, or 'ct ci their sale
- . -1 1 o t.i. .-sarno
r .i v
I'.v, it n r
-f commerce jrvr
ss il. ;n atxiv
: b bol'.seL:)
the dite cf t:
. :t:re ci i:
the restoration tfthj custb.-i-i.:
fortnabty wii'i th i-t;p'.rdti jh in
article in such a:z iv.crch'
fects, and pr.n.riy wlntsoavc
the M-'xic a k'.s ay-r the i
the said cJtoav-houies, nnd
the expiration of sixty days 'a ' .
th'3 signAlurc of this treaty,
ted to .entry; Biji'nD th" '
levied thereon than th';
hy the tariirfoiiiv! in for
houses at the li"-"
fec,ts, and f
hrr 'r ' - tv. o tviwii-
,:: i, wl,:lhcr with
. ,d of any stijju
, .r ' '.th respect to any
. rr.iiij the political or
.3 of th'j two nations tha
. .:: ......j, in ,ih: nimc of those ni.
?:',-'. to each other that, they
-:t in tho mi?t sincere -and
r, to s'utila iho diflerences so
j i res-jrve tho slate of peace
.i i.j yhich tha two. counties
i I'.'ing'ihemjeites; using, f r this
inuljil representations audjweific tie
)a itiiiiis.' Aud ifUy theso means, ihey
.. jld c jt be enabled lo Corho to an-agrec-.ut,
a resort 4halt not, on this Account,
! had to reprisals, aggression, or hostility
of any kind, by the one republic against
the other, until the government of that which
dcms iiself aggrieved shall haye mutually
considered, in the spirit of peaCe and good
neighborship,, whether it would hot bo. bet
ter that such uttlenmce should b- settled by.
the arburutiuii of commissioners appointed
on each side, or by tint of a friendly na
tion. . And should such course be pronos-
ed by either parly, it shall be acceded to
r:d pledging itsKy the other,, unless deemed by it altogeth-
cr tncompaubto wtih the Daturo of thq, dif.
ference, or the circumstances ol iho case.
1 Article 22.
I If (which is not to be expected, and which
God forbid!) war should unhappily break,
ottt between the two republics, they fo now',
with a view to such, calamity, solemrriy
pledge themselves to caclk oiher and lo the
world, to observe the fallowing rules; ab
solutely, where the -nature of tha sublet
permits, ana us c io.se iy as posstoio in an
dases where such'absolnto observahces shall
be iiiiposstble., v ; -; P
., 1. Ihe merchants of either republic then
residing in the Other,' shall be allowed . to
remain twelve months; (tor those dwelling
in the interior,. and, six months (for ihosa
dwelling at the seaports,) to collect their
debts and settle. their allurs; during which
periods thjjy shall enjoy tho.. same rrrotec
ilon, and be on tho same footing, in all re
spects, as 'the citizens or 'subjects of the
most inenaiy nanotis;. ano,. ai me expira
tion thereof, or at noy timo before, ; they
shall havr lull?irO'irty to depart, carrying
oil all theif etfocts without 'molestation or
hinderance; conforming therein to the samo
lvs which the citizens or subjects of . the
most fneualy nauons are required to coil
form to.' Upon tho entrance the armies
of either natjon into tho territories of ihe
other, womVn and children, ecclesiastics,'
scholars ot every facuiiy, cultivators Ol tha
earih, merchants, arUzins, manufacturers
.and fishermen, unarmed and Inhabiting un
i fortified towns, vuiases,'or puces, and in
. t ' - u - .; '
for the conimon. subsistence and bunehl
of mankind, shall be' allowed cio continue
their respective "employments unmolested
tn their persons. -'Nor-shaJI, their houses'
or goods be burnt or otherwise destroyed
nor their caitlo taken, nor their fields was
ted, by. the armed force into vyhose power
by the events of war,-they . may happen to
fall; but if tho necessity arts to lake any
thing from them for tha use of such armed
r ce' iaosamQuan 03Pa'a or aiao equit
I t ill a
t-crKnnla rn!tfrr tiKmrioq n nrt fit hm r pni K
liilunenlst for charitable and benencant
purposes, shill b3 respected, and all" par
saas connected with the same? protected . in
in the discharge of tfieir duties, and the
nursuil of their vocations: . .
In.order that tha fate of prisoners of war
may ba-alleviafed, all such practices as
those of sending ihem into distant, inctom
cat, ot unwholesome districts or crowding
them into close and noxious places, shall
b& tuJlousIy avoided. Thev shall not be
conlined fo dungeons, prison-shipsor pris
ous; nor be pui in ironsor bound, or oth
rwise restrained in tho uSe of their limb
Tha olTicers shall enjoy liberty on their 'pa
role3, within convenient districts, and have
comfortable quarters; and the common sjbl
d:ers blrill be. uisrjoscd- in cantonments
l-'e ii and extensive enough for air and ex
eriUcv and lodged ia barracks as roomy
andgo-jd as are provided by the party in
whose cower they'are, for us own troops
Gat if any officer shall breal; his parole by
leaving tha district so assigned 'him,
I any ui.icr puiuusr s.iuir esG'jpj : irota in
ttmtts ci. nis cantonment, a:tur ir.ey -..n
been dji.ignitt.-d la liim, such md;v.d
ual, ofncerr othr prioaet, fclu'.i fcrfe
so n.jcn oi mo ucnc:.i ci u.ts arm: j as mo
v, ith cr
. .. ; -ty'.j!!L3 allowed to
..j ucra, appointed
- i , rv czr.' ;:::ri:niyt'pris-J-,
;;n ii tha oil. :r; -which com
'. .11 .s-'O the prt5oners.as often a
-; ;iv.!l b allowed lo receive, cx
; s all duties or taxes,-and-to dis-
v. i 'iivcrcon)f uts inay.be sent lo
i by tlicir fiiends; and bhdll be free to
i tr i.,i...it In. reports in open letters 10 uie
-irty by whom he is employed, ' .
And it is declared ihat neither ihe pre
toco tht war dissolves all treaties, nor
any othet whatever, shall be considered as
annulling or suspending the solemn cove,
nam contained in this ariicla. Oa the
contrary, the. state f war is precisely ht
for which it is provided, and during which
its stipulations are to be as sacredly ob
served as the most acknowledged obliga
tions under the law of nature ox nstioas.
, i Article 23. .
' ' The treaty shall be raiilied by. the Pres
ident of the United States of Americat'by
and with tho advice and consent of the
Senate thereof; and by the President cf the
Mexican Republic, with the;prrious ap
probation .of its general Congress; and the
ratification shall be exchanged in the city
ofVa?hiogionf or at the. "seat of., govern.
m4nt of Mexico, in four months From the
date of the signature hereof,1 or sooner if
n faith' whereof, we,.ihe respective
plenipolentiarics, have signed this treaty
of peace, friendship, limits, and settlement,
and have hereunto' affixed our .seals "res?
pecilvely. j Dine in quijituplicate, at the
city of Guadalupe Hidalgo, tfn Che second
day of February, hihls year' of our ord
one thousand eig'tt hundredand forty-eighl.
N. P. TIUST,
L.' S -J
' .Correspondence of the Courier
Congress closes' another weak without
making any sensible approximation to the
termination of "the? session. The Uompro
miss Committee is now, tha' object of uni
versal t attention. Ihev selected a Com
mittee room yesterday, and hv3 held nne
meeting, and,thnt is all thaits known con-
cerninir g.their movetnemchls. The merrj
bersof that Cummtlteo have', a sincere de
sir tA propose a compromise tht will
settle the silvery question in regard to tho
. ! 1M "' . i
icrruories. . i uey suau propose someming
ii ihe general belief and probWy,lhe.ex
tensioo.of the lino of the Missouri compro.
misetn the racJtic: but as the expediency ol
esublisjhiog'.atihis tim-j territorial govern.
msnt over OthTornii : and New Mexico,
ihey will disagree, an. I may perhaps report
some plan fdriiheir temporary pryction.
ma compromise wtn, uis saia, D3 sup?
ported bv forty Senators at least, should
the S-naie be full, but the raioo'nty . will
opposu it. Mr. Westeot, of Fa., will cer
tainly oppose it, but t know of no other
Souihern Senator who is n-jw commiltifil a
ninst it. . .Mr. '"V thinks it will a?:?ra
vato the difficulty ..and increase ah escite
ment which would otherwise, evaporate
in the . i residential election. As lo the
terriloriil government, -Mr. W. stated, in
hi4 speech, that ho djd not think, them nee-
essary at preaont, Liuisiana and Flori-
da tfer in the possession of ihs U. Slates
several years before the territorial govern
ments avere established.'-
Thti House; will, I am now certain, re
sisl the I compromise, afier it' shall pass the
oenate. The near approach oftho elec.
lions in' the Northern-Slates -the desire of
member-; to bs re-elected, anJ .the Vast
and . increasing: agitation and diffusion nf
the tnti-Uvery docirules, will causa ihem
to hesitate. - They already argils that a
compromise will not settle the question.
npr allay.'; tbaiactittous excitemenf which
tho Vdii Curen party have cot up. -
It is now apprehended by ifir Northern
whigs, that 'U tha- BolTi'fo Convention
should nominate 4r. Van Buren, fho vole
ol INew' York wul be given lo him, and the
ciectun h3 thus brought Into the Hous
s Ihe proceediflirs . airainsi Gen. Scatt.
have been abandoned. A public dinner is
to be given to him by members of Congress
of both parties.! , ; . t
The Senate1 have been two days engag.
ed id secret session, on the nomination ot
General rilow There .3 little. doubt that
he will bs? confirmed.
WASHINGTON, JULY. 13. .
"Brmiy Lirid Warrants meat .with
ready sale hcra from 110 lo 0112. Xna-
claims tot warrants up. to this tims. that
have been put ,iq forca at tho Pension Or;
fice, .number about 33,000 of these, a
bout 19,o6bG have been acted upj.n 'war
rants issued, and bslween 3 and 4,000 of
thosa issued,, havo been returned to lha
General Land OXice, cr.i patents issued
iherefor. ft is ' estimflci thu the whole
number, of claims for land warrants on ac
count of the Mixicaa war, will reach 70.
ooj. -: , . v '
V1 War Bi-inty Script is selling at 95i a
333. 0103,515 cf thU s:ripl has ba is-
tiiJlIPj: the Wi!' I'"--'"1'?
- - , i i its , , "i '"' ,
' .j.: cf tL. J.. 'l " "!!
It Jta'. i t'.;crc'.:r. Kit U1
"inl?. 'Mr. i ? nui.lJ i" f "i
le tliaiJ.n J t i:.it. it i ofL.s t
tl -u;tU c"?cI.1!U3;'otis; aivJ .Mr. HAia..n an.:
cl aa armacnt ia oVr'fln ts iL Mr.'bylon.
n.r' s U.'ckmvt3, C-.!Imun " and lijrrlea, " occa-si-ilV
resid- cxplanalij-na of tho view of tha,
Crniu'ttec, ur?J vf t!e co!slructi- to ts put ca
ton-is of Ihe . 'iu.es of Ihe bill.
The opW)siiioo maintaiued that the Coia.i.t
tee had tclt l!ie t ibjert vherf thy tbun J itlliat
tbey ctfiri'tl r conipromi-e--lhat it wai fl ta-cjur-gement'to
tUa introduction of s-Uv.rj ir.tj
tlw trrim't and it proviJ'-d for iLc cj.
tubltshnctit cf a common law in f.ivbr o slavery,
by a cow pf judicial -Uciiions, 4ic.
A motion was mada which was considered
a l?t of the B"nso of this tjenata as to tho. bi'l.
Mr. Baldwin moved l strike oat all ths.t prt of
ibo bill rt latin j lo California and New MoAico,
and it was rf jecteiyeat 17, mya 37. Tha"
strength' of tU opposition Ut tha biii, on ill final
parage, will not exceed twenty. '
- There ia an- .undertaking amonj the Senators
that the final vole shall Vf Ukcn on Wediifudav.
Mr. Diyion will open thc'debatij ca Monday, a
g'aint tlie bill. "
Mr. l)ix havinj tali tn Ina late letter to tha
ratification IJarnbamin Committee, of N. York,
that he would be witii them to" the death, nat,
of coarse, tnika, a speech in opposition to Li
Hanker Colloajae, Mr. U.ck'uasoa, who is an ad
vocate of the bill.. . "
Mr. liix has expressed the opinion hers that
tho IjiunburiKT's ticket would carry the State of
New York. Tha Evening Put, jcrhp from
policy, declares the saiud opioiin.-
Wenarea rumor that tlie uanaio Vyonvcniion
will nominile Mr. Dix, aud if so; Mr. Van JBuren
will decline in his favor. '
The lIoue was obliged, to paas the Civil andj
Diplomatic li.il, with the objectionable item Jr
the improvement of the mouth of the isavannah
rivcrttru5tirig'to ih aetia! .for its -reject ion .-
They have bat one more, appropriation bill that
for the army. - Every one is an lions for Ihe IcfT
raination of the session. There is soma prospect
of an adjournment by tha 4ih of August. -
WASHINGTON. JULY 23.
Mr. Clayton Ts quite resolved to press the Com
promiftT.bin to a final vole to-morrow night, and
bo thinks he will be curtained by lite friend of
the' bill, who conttituto two-thirds of the Senata.
As soori as thia bill shall pi?B the Senate, the ad.
juurnment resolution willbv Ukcn up, and a U y
lor terminating the session fixed. ' 1 . eupoosc me.
Senate will frtwjse a day" not lattf than the 10th
of A'ugust.-' The House wilt certainly Concur.
What the House may do with the Compromise
bill is ancertain. They will dispose of it in one
way or another, perhaps on the Very day it reach
es them. If they are disposed .lo pass - it, they
wilt do so without debate which would be fatal
to it at this late day of the Session. , It is more
probable, however, that thy wilt refuse to con.
sidtir the bill.
..Gen. Pillow's defence is spread before (lit
country by the Union. It has certainly produt
ced eomr impression in his' ftvor. The minor
that tho President will nominate him as one of
the Hoard ol Commissioners to sellle tne JUii.
can claims is not ifcnrobuble.
Tno Mexican tuiindiils, by their united and
persevering ttrrts, forced the administration lo
take incasurr s which led lo War. Thev are much
disappointed at the narrow measure of ri-com-
penw 'ahowed to them by lh& treaty. Ui luml
t tiiree ana a quarier minions wnicai iv nies win
not pay. a fifth part or what they Claim.
1 his city continues very healthy notwitlistan
ding' the hot - weather. Among the' members of
Uonrcss there has not been a case of fcerious in
disiwsitiDJ far-some time. " ,
It apucars that soma letters returned to the
Dead Irfitter orb.ee from baton Koue were yt.s.
lerday scrft back to be delivered to Ueneral lay
iur. inerr is n Tuuior urat niun iicbc n an inu
famous nomination letter, as' to which there has
-I'l - : - .. . Jl - . J .1. - .1.
been so. much inyrtcry. Hat, according to the
statement midti m the Union, the other day, the
nomination letter, "if 'mailed, "as alleged, on, the
9lh June, would not bo sent to the dead letter of
fice tilt the 1st September.
' - ..' Xom the fifativnat Intclligenceri
' , COMPROMISE. .
Odf readers are'appried that one of the
most imroriant of those questions which
sometimes. - arise as if to try the strength
and durabiljtv of our Union, was referred
lo a select committee of eight members in
the buna ta of the United Statas on the 13ih
Inst, ,:ln the formation of;this Committee
every sectional interest was consulted and
represented, andoachof the political di
visions had an equal weight.
We may easily" suppose thai the most
opposite views wee presented and defend
ed bv tha distinguished Senators who' for
med this Committee;- a'nilhoso who were
best informed of .the inherent difficulties
which stood in the way of an adjustment
and favorable report, had but faint hope
that this question could bo settled during
ibt present session. And yet many ard
ent friends of tha Union and of their coun
try, Whig and Democratic, were of opirt
ion that by deferring an adjustment the
oiuicu'.ties auenuing r. WDuia increase;
greater exacerbation would ensue; and thai
geographical parties would arise, 'efldan
gering at no distant day that union of-free
and independent Siatas which can alone
ensure peace at home, and respect' abroad.
a uia, oommuiue, ;iiuwevcr, reporieu a
tl ' T . . J . i t i '
on i uesuay.avnicn we sincerely nope
will put this question forever lo. lest.
This bill proposes lo establish Govern
ments for the Territories of Oregon, Cali.
fornia, and 'New Mexico, upon such prin
ciples of "universal jusiice and constitution,
al right as it ru'pcd will challenge the
approval of every calm and reflecting
mind. . '
; Tha bill provides i Terriforial Govern,
ment for Oregon continuing in forco the
laws which have been passed by the pres
rnl temporary Government mini thy leg
iiifature, to ba created by this act, shall
pass other laws in conformity to lhs wish,
es and . interests of the-peopte Whom they
will represent, '- .
As it regards New Mexico and Califor
nia, it provide for each 'a Governrncnt
such ai that first given Jo the Michigan
Territory; but ai tho same limo retains
iisz Territories from pasiing' Iavrs od th
. 4 li
i,J h.ih.j.j.i -i icrr.iify ir.
ai . vi-j-7 win La rccrDiied, l';-? fj-.
lure charter cf U,:a States' will tho t
u-.- the chjr.icter, the habits, au'd tha
wi?:i?sot lha people who shall hfercafuf '
f onn thStato Consiitutiacs those Ter. '
r iterisj. vt , ' . I
We sincarih trust that jhi' sclimr
proceedirg as it undoubtedly doe3 frem iha ' '
mo3t patriotic motives, may put au'end
forever to a question, frpm - the .agitation ;
of which aloha the enemies cf odr gfeat -and
-glorious Uniork derive any hups cf
succeeding in ihir insane purpose.
The annexed important Correspondence , -iuay
lo'relicj on "as not from lhe fanriful
pen of the author of tha latter; with tha
name of May field Johnson signed at tli
bottom whicli appeared in lha last'ofHc'.i
holder1 org m. This correapijndence, un- J
like th'at, hai every ayiearanct of beiog ;'; '
genuine, i . - Jackson SjvlKrori.' Jl
Summons of Genhbal Cass -fof Geesal i i '
; , : Tailor; , . ..
OJiceholters' Camp, Baltimore i
Conteniiw'i May '21tll$i$. j ; 1
Sir: Altar a tortuous and Z'g ztg mtrch . j
of several years, 1 am now, in this strong
position, with a. large force and abucdancts
of pairouajelhe sinews of politkaUwaN ; ;
You arc sutrounded by my Well drilled ';
h-ilanx of 1)0,000 officeholders, with all ;-
he patronage aud oihar appliances neces-
iry to . my success; and ;ou cannot, in
n human prohacihty, avoid . luflering a,
total rout n November. Bat, as you de
serve conaidera'.ion and piniculsr esteem, J
wish to tave vou and the raw milma uii-- '
dar your command frorn total annihilation, -,
and iharsfore give you t lis timely jica,-.
in ordiT'thit! vnu m" aurrtuider al di&cra- -
tion with the, assurance that you and'yoir. , ;
... . ,. ........... . - - - li.--! I
undisciplinfeu at my will b treated with, the,
jiberaltiy and forbearance characteristic ol. ;
a genuine Locufoco, und only aiked t
pay ih9 piper whilst'we ar& dancing. You "
will liae until iho 7th of November iit
lo make up, your mind, (unless,, in ih, -
inonntlinA mini linn t lllllldrffil Ht -:intTfl A '
o commeoce, from the time ,iny flgof,
iruca roach-s;your sav(mil."in the Cypris ' ?
"Swimp, Jeflorsen county, Mississippi. ; -
To further this end; I assure youot my. .
particular considaratioir. God and Liber i
lj j rolk and Santa -Anna! Marcy ana
the Spoils forever! '' " . t "
LOUIS PllILLlPPE CASS. ;
Late of the Tuilleries .
P.-S. I fotbidyou nottu 'briak your,
word whn you aurrandrr, thai ii an
hul pSn'oii nut menliooed in hlslo.-
-i j t "i " .
ry, for which I have secured a patent.
Head Uuarters Amy .uwut.
Plantation, Mississippi, July 4, 1848- y - j" .
Sir; In rt ply to vyour polite invitatlo '
Summoning me to surrender the people.; T
who have sctecled me for a leader, al dis-i
. . ii
cretion, I bag leave most - respecmniy w4
decline your requast, 1 "
With sentimcms of high consideration, t ;
Your obedient servant, 'v'
! 7a. TAYLOR, f.
. . .i rt j I
. Uammanding trie reoyie m nrwy. ;
! , To Monsi Louis Phillippe Cass. --V
. Officeholders' Camp .
Deri Hi ol Hon JUbcuvzrr Pel- . ,
- -. igrcw
: We regret to hea( o,f the death of this
eenlleman, . lo whom the following jusf T
tribute is paid by the NorfaU Argus:
I "it is with painful Regret thai we an,
noutice the death of , lion. Ehanttzer Pel.
igreWj'of Lake' Scuopernpnvj, Nonh Car
olina. We learn lhai he 'died suddenly al
hi residence in Tyrrell county oriSalufT "
day last,4q tha.aixty thud year of his aj;e.
Mr. Pctigrew.wAs a member ol the 24t!i
Congress, , from1 iheKdgecomba District
having reluctantly consented to become a
candidate in opposition' to Dr. Hall. He
Berved his constituents with fidelity and
ability during the lerha for which he Jiad
been elected, at tbo expiroYun of which
fro voiantarily ' retired from public life W
return to nts lavorue purfjiios rivuiiwi-.
lie wss' a graduate of " iha University -d
North Carolina, a centlcman o! well cul
tivated mind, of fha most accute, sensibil
ity, of the highest sense of honor, and in
all the rtlaiions in life a model for rrniia-lion-.
He was a very efTi:ienl and useful ,
cftizen in the c'otrur.uniiy in which hj
livedo and -one ol the . mot practical od
successful planters id the Southern coun
try. . '
General Taylor in Michigan. The
New York Evening Post publijhes tha foi "
lowing extract of. a letter from Michigf
from, an eminent Democrat and friend of
Cass, who writes r from "Grand Rapids, .
in Michigan, under data of July 5th. '
"As to -politics, we hardly know where-
we are. We have Cass men and Taylor.'
men and Van Buren men." I hope if ..
most Cass men, but it is not improwbw
that we may lose the .Slate."
When tho friends of candidate Cass in
his own State,, can only hope for major
ity, the friends of General Taylor may in -defd
look uporr."lhis expression of ppr
bcnsion"as "full pf significance'" Ihn
ii not the only source frorn whence wa de
rive the strongest encouragement that
Michigan will repudiate tho roan with two
lives;' North American.
Ver::oxt1 The Democratic Slate Con
vejition nominated Hon. tut Dilhn-ham,
Jr., fof'Gavcrnor; Charles K. Field, fof
Licut. Governor. .'. , ..'