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North Carolina Newspapers

The western Democrat. (Charlotte, N.C.) 1852-1870, July 30, 1867, Image 1

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3 ITi 17^ I O E (i\ 1(1F. SOT^TII SIDE or TltADK STREET WV. J. YATES, Editor and rRopRi:iTOR. •CHARACTER IS AS lilPOBTANT TO STATES AS IT IS TO IXDIVIDUALS, AND THB GLORY OP THB ONE IS THE COMMON PROPERTY OP THE OTHER 413 Per Anniim ^IN ADVANOB CHARLOTTE, N. C., TUESDAY, JULY 30, 1867. FirTEENTH TOLIIIIE—N D H B E ft 778. THE ''mm \m ever) Tuesday,Q) W I L 1.1 A M ;v J. V A T E S LIliTijI: ANTi i'itui'i;! t 1 d.K . i'■ I’l-I’ ANNTM. in ndvan- S - I n .'ix 11)I)rail3. Worth Knowing —A poison of any con- i EXPLANATION- ccivable description and dugree of potency, ' 'j'jjg following strikes us as a fair explanation which has been swallowed intentionally or by Qf main features of the new Supplementary accident, may be rendered alinost^instantaneous- Reconstruction J3ili passed by Congress : ly hurnilc.'S by bwallowinp two {jills of sweet oil. ' An individual with a very strong constitution .-hoiild take twice the (quantity. This oil will Reaffirms that there are no legal Section 1. State Governments in the ten rebel States. c. Tr.'in'i'-'if ri'l V(.rtip-irii'iil.^ inti?t be i/'iid for in I'lvjiite. (>iiiujary not kf j ;u(; li;;rj:-Ll udverti-- i n;j r.'it (■■■. Aclverti-enifn*.’ not niarl;i d f'n tlif inan’j?cri})t for H, > w i'.l Ix- iria' : tcJ uiili 1 I'ori)iil, :ia'! C ti M r - 'i tc '■nr'i 1;; y. $1 [HT -'rt:Tf ol 1 (> litiPF or 1p?= will lio cliar;rcil for t-ai.ii ■ n-i-:l:tLu ad vert iiOiiiL ii t is in- serlecl '1 r:i I'111:.' '^r nidrc. neutralize every form of ve-etable or mineral! . Empowers the District Commanders dis- poi.son with which phy.iciaus and chemists are j acou-jinted deem it necessary, any officer holding j any civil or military office, under any power, To Keki' Meat Fresh—As farmers are j derived from any so-called State, or any muni- ofton at a di.s^ance from meat markets, the fol- ; cipal or other division thereof. He sball have STATE NEWS. Fall Term of Superige Courts.—The Judges of the Superior Courts in this State have arranged ibeir ridings for the Fall terms, as follows : Judge Barnes. “ Shipp. s.ooo f.i;.' wiiiTK li;ai^ I."I- I.'. I',: IV ;it .M'. A'iPu’? lowin'; direction.s fur keepins meat may be of to those who try it: C’ut the meat into slicts ready to fry. J’ack it in a jar in layers, ‘'jtrinklin;' with salt and fepper just enough to make it palatable. IMace on the top a thick paper or cloth, with salt half an inch thick. Kc'*p tliis on all the while. The meat will re main sweet and fresh several weeks. :iOo I). I.i(Ml. at .M- A'if.-ii'.'. r'ornrr .‘5 n.irrt !,i Si wr'. No 11. A 1. ri.v A>lfii , I (■ H L'lSri > (Ji.riirr .1 a:rl in Oil fit M - f e ! 11!'I ni i 11.1! 1M :r I'i'-rijsc lie Oil, i.licnji. lit, ,M«.- AiJc:i .1 (' jnici' n TII fi II'' IiiMi kci |, May 415 J li 'I ■ : . A S' 1 .“1,7 i;. r:l ■ I fUi I ' M - A l.-I. I •.! II C'j: !;>■ Oil, «0.'• DK. E. ('AKIi, l:'io of AVilniinpton, iu( aU 'l in Chitrldtte. i.i |.rc|i;ii fd to alltiid pn)m|itly lo ;ill Ciill.s relating to hi? ).i'olciiioti. Having had s!-\( i.li 'jii _vi ar.« -.\:.i ri'-iu ill ilio jii'uetice ot li-try, he i^ d ti,;.l he can [ilease all who iu;iy ;^i'.c liiii) ii cull. .Ml uoik done will) rcfVrenre to nf'atnei=?, durn- l.iiity and di-paich. Ollii o o\ t-r Dnrringer, Wol .V ,'o's, where he ( an he tbiind at nil liours of the day. All wciik nariaiitcd to give entire suliifac- l.iction. Tfcih filled and extracted without pain. J line 10, 1 HC7. Om FICTL’KKN AT .10 CKATS -And n;nvaril.= , at tlie PI10T0>iKAPIII€ CiALI.CRY ■ a- ;:i'- C';r ■l:!;i) D- M ' T ii: A' CO, J. 11. .V:i Ai>;:.\'. T O V K B. A U t: CU)0 ] )S Over 11.,'!>(> l-.llJ I’, iniiy .Jas. H.iriy x (Jo's Store, ne.\t tO' the Court ii;i»-rb a ii at I I; get il i\v rale... nr’ M n i.'l' old I’ll Sai ijtiirliwii 'Miara u; iud likcne.'.5 of yonrsi if and in.j- to iiylc and linifh. ill-.' in a sii|ifrior niunner. It till- (lal icry of 11. Mav 0, 18GT. I:AU.\1GAUTI•:^^ Nc.\t to Court House ! M:l I. ■1 ( llli cr 1. C.j., : r . S" i:! ('la;. C. ■ Q'ii;:a. jiiit woi.i'!; ,v (.'O S. : • I::'!; i Tu ill.-d )-■ li'.'ri 1,.'IC(- i,:. -. : '.y ■ ! .• V I "1 i I i.i; r .\eu' I'U GROCERIES I.i iioi; .1 ■ I'. I r I ”11' WoM ij'inli'y :i l>;r i: \i:i:iN'ii;i:. w o;,|- ■ ril 1.'. -':7. JUST RECEIVED M. QUERY’S NEW .\ I, I i'i;v (.11 wii! 1 !■; I. (•I.I 1 low III I'KI M \! I V' ji!''tc, a! A I i; I .\ \ 1 ■ V Ho: I! \VI !! - A\2> M Iat .-.Vji riir • OW.T, a l;.i| Ti .TJ s:5ft ly I'l'.v |ii! .'■(H i .111 i.t , ; ni 'achcl !]iiL;Ii.'Ii ,v ro'S. AT S T 0 i.id' I n HAMMOND & McLAUGHLIN Have jast received ii I.trgo a^-oi Iment of (iroeerie?, V. hii h they (dli r for .'.iIc at reduced prices. Their .'t'toclv coiiji;t, in [lart, of the following articles ; 40 Sacks piiini' Ilio ('. li'ee, ;;o liarri L' .'^ii;_'-ar—al; graili-?, 5 Hog-hi'ad.' .'''iigar—yellow, ‘J.'i II.irreN Mlda.'^l^= — aS.'Oitcd griltlo?, 5 Hiig>iiea'U .Mola.-:.'es—(..’uba, I 0 llai ;• N I’uloniae Shad, 10 Hal!'1!.-!rrels I’otomac Shad, 10 Qiiai tei r>.!i i (ds I’otuinac Shad, lo Half '• Fantily ilackerel, >ii:iltiT “ “ “ 1. irli w i. 1 lie I 10 ■!l) I 00 oo r.o ;■ I) ;l .I : h r.i I e, V.\‘Ni\li;i .NoTIO.N.S aiol t, I' ; I", 1. , A v\ oi n 1 n 1 1/ ■id t'l.ih '. ol all , i .VN.-> ;l l.li: !. sno; \.\i) l’Ai;.\. oLS—A f'lll a.-.-'ortiiiciit of I ■'. (' 11, •f 111' A! an II ' a I r: 1 1. J.V T.TTIK. Q'JKUY ■ ' K '|i'i i I- 1 1,.. : ■ .^! I i ■: y and T: i i:i l, e\:>i I .cii. i- i:i ll; ■ . U. JS. a 1 i:;|. I- ' M h' I.out .- n;.! th.it So 1 and 2. “ .Sack^ Liverpoiil S.ilt, H.'Xi .' fine i‘.i:;ili>h Dairy Chce.'0, “ Adaniaiiiine I'andlts, !ii>oited Slick Candy, '2.7) “ Layer [lai.-iii.-i. Fine I-ol fif IJacoii — N. C. and Western, *• “ rioiir. ('orn and Corn .Meal, (.’ii'ili-h and Iri.'h Potatoes, Hiiiilock [^(.M'her, Iron and Nail?—all sizes, Hale V:irn and Shirting. Fii-.di Cove Oy.s'ei.'. Sardine.^ and Pickles, Sance.^, Flavoring H.^tiai t?, Soda (hackers, kc. Aii'l every fither artiele usually found in a (Jro- cer\- and Pn vi.-ion .'>lnr('. \Ve invite the at tentii'ii of eouiifry mrrchants and otlieri to our slock, and solicit aiie,\:uiiination. HA.M.MO.M) i .McLAUGHLIN'. Mav 27, lPi;7 tf ■■1 ili.it eill th. ..•inii 111 1 I II.i: i.J. !■:. STENlIorSE, I ALLAN .MACAULAV, Ni;W Vo!!K I ClIAULOTTE, N. C. STEMIOISK & MU llLAY, COMMISSION MERCHANTS, •l*i $i(oiie I%fcw Yoi-k. rri:ni[it personal a'.tention given to the sale of I' iiiDii, (.'oiton Yarns. .Naval Siores, &c., and the ' 'licloi.'C ol'.Men haiidi.'C ;;enerallv. 'II ; I a. 111- (■■in.-'^nun iits .sollciied. .1 iiii’ 1 o, ! JI.7. nil I .-I 111 O ir 1 p r.i'li:. a \ ! •\pril I. ti:il :.lll Id all. nr from th( A Chance to Tvlake T I. 1 :1. r w i I : 1'!. I -c H per liii Money, ar. V lio'r. In .I. d. . Ii I r.i'i 1 I) • at .''(i cents i‘i',e(irv. or at and CJrcciis- , ¥.\\ I The uii'lep.-iignei] h.i;i .i’i't returned j .\o!thern cities with a good Stock of ! Gr r*OOOX»iOJS, i aii'l vm i.Hi.' (iiin-r aiiicle.s, con.^i.^tlng principally of siijiei ior fjuality—none 'ivi r. 1 .-It ( '.It lie; '.Vre:! t ’li.U'iot tt (' 1 - il ji M I nil IIV I ly. Tliose wliii w ; 1 arei,laii 1!c Bones ill ntities tit any , a i;, ■ l; lirK'.s. and iafnrin the ytili •. ! ilier. arr.iauehiI-;;(s w ill I'O made Ci.r their {iiirch.Ke. U. K. .Mrl>oNALl). -April 1, 1.^07 tf (.'.inciad. .V C. t>F l ilt; Ni',.M'!:.sr and .mi>.- !' .■'fl-Kf.nill PATTI'UN. J3. XX. 33 3T 33 H-"S', Springs’ Biiildiii'r, Charlotte. N C.. H i' : ' '•'Simst's Cool^itis: sToi'i.s;’ an ! J .■ .1 mix • i'.'. (• i \ ; •. t.' ;i!y - I :i'i 1 I !im .1 Iia’.teriis. e' "I V \ ,11 , 1 -.-d d 1. power, upon such removal, to fill the vacancy by the detail of some competent officer or sol dier of the army, or by the appointment of some other person. These powers are subject to re vision by the General eommanding the armies of the United States. 3. The General of the armies of the United States shall be invested with all the powers of suspension, removal, appointment, and detail granted in the preceding section to District Commanders. 4. All acts of the officers of the army already I done in removin'i officers in the said districts, [(en- as now provided fur in section 2, is hereby con firmed; orid it shall be the duty of the Com manders of Districts to remove from office all per.sons who are disloyal to the Government of the United States, or who use their official in fluence in any manner to hinder the due ad ministration of those acts. 5. The JJoards of Registration shall have su preme power to decide on the qualifications for rej;istration. They may refuse registration, or strike a name from the list after it has been registered, required only to enter the grounds of such refusal, or such striking from the book upon the registration lists. G. Further defines the section in the supple mentary act of March, as regards those who are di.'-franehised. It reaffirms the disability as it stands in the Constitutional Amendriient, and then says: “The words executive and judicial offices in any State, in said oath, shall be con strued to include all civil officers created by law for the administration of any general law of a State, or for the administration of justice.” This will still leave room for doubt. The status of notary publics, municipal officers, and of law yers, is not yet olearly defined, but the District Commanders now have plenary authority in the matter, and orders, we presume, will be issued Ly tiiem prior to the opening of registration, which will be framed to meet every individual case likely to arise. 7. Tl)e time for the completion of registra tion is extended to October 1, 18G7. No per son shall be entitled to register or vote because uf’ P]xecuiivc pardon or amnesty. 8. Authorizes the Commander, when he shall deem it needful, “to remove any member of a IJoard of llegistration, and to appoint another in his stead, and to fill any vacancy in such Hoards.” This section to us seems altogether unnece.ssary; the General being invested with supreme power in his i>istrict, certainly may be supposed to exercise this lesser right of removing his own appointees when he may deem it necessary. 9 Kequires that all members of lioards of Registration, and all persons “hereafter elected or appointed to office in said Military Di.stricts under any so-called State or tnunicipal aulhnrity, or by detail or appointment of the District Com mander, shall be required to take and subscribe the oath of office prescribed by law for officers of the United States.” This we take to be the “iron-clad.” This oath has to be taken, as above stated, by all persons “hereafter elected or ap pointed to ofTiee,” but has no retrospective force or application. Section second empower.^ the Cominnnding General to make removals and fill vacancies, but to do so or not is optional with him; and no cath is required of those now in office. 10. “That no District Commander or mem ber of the ]5o:ird of Registration, or any of the officers or appointees acting under them, shall be bound in his action by any opinion of any civil officer of the United States." This, if we untlcrstand it correctly, means that no opinion of th* Attorney-General shall be binding upon the Commanding Generals, or upon any officers acting under them. There can be little doubt that the phrase in a like manner is meant to in clude the President also; as can be inferred likewise from other parts of the Bill, where a supervisory power is given alone to the General of the armies of the United States, and the President is not named. This is, perhaps, in genious, but not decisive; for the President is not merely a civil officer of the Government. He is, by the Constitution, the Commander-in- Chief of the Army of the United States, and Congress cannot, without subverting the entire i structure of the Government, take from the I President his right to snpcrvi.=e the action of all military officers. This 10th Section, how ever, may mean yet sometliing more than this 1st Circuit, 2nd “ 3rd “ 4th “ 5th “ 6th « 7th “ 8th “ Gilliam. Mitchell. Warren. Fowle. Merrimoa. Buxton. The Executive Mansion—This building has been surrendered to the State authoritieb. The Military Headquarters, we learn, have been transferred to the late residence ol A. M. Lewis, Esq., io the northern part of the City, near the Peace Institute,—it having been rented for that purpose.—Raleigh Sentinel, Painful Accident.—Wo regret to learn that a painful accident befel Capt Jay Andrews and lady, while on their way to VVilkesboro, last week. The Captain, lady and infant were travelling in a buggy, when opposite Taylors ville, the throat-latch of the bridle unfastened, and Capt. A. alighted to secure it, by some means the bridle dropped from the head of the horse and he started in a trot, with Mrs A and infant in the buggy. The road was rough, and after passing about a half mile the vehicle struck a tree, upset, and threw out the lady and child with some force upon the ground. Capt. A., who is lame, pursued as rapidly as he could, with painful apprehension of finding his wife and child with broken limbs, perhaps dead, on the road-side. When he came to them, Mrs A. was insensible, tho’ not seriously injured, and the infant miraculously had cscapcd death, hav ing received but slight injury.—Statesville American. Davidson Colleoe.—Besides the degree of A. B. conferred upon the graduating class, the Trustees conferred tho degree of A. M. upon Prof Delaware Kemper, of Hampden Sydney College, Va , and the degree of L L. D. upon the Hon. Z. B. Vance of N. C., and Prof. Lamar, of the University of Mississippi. We are in a truly pitiable and helpless condition in relation to mail facilities. Service has been discontinued on all the routes from this point, and unless the people will exert themselves and petition the Department for them to bo reopened, and send bids for service with the petitions, we will be without mail fa cilities to any point for an indefinite period. U’e hope the people everywhere will not delay moving in this matter.— Wadeshoro Arjus. to ;ul o; C.i II a lid See I ’ ll. D. II. BYERLY I."' uls.i on 1 foriiiiciil cl l';ii, .l.ii’.i'i and .'■ii •;''-lr artieli'-i a iwe neee.~-.u v !'.>r li'i'i'e-k es.y* TIN-W aim-: made to order on n a s.iii i. I, r^. Ki:i> \IUI.\G V, '.’ll ;il i-lii'rt nr’.icc m:\\ «. Is now rc.i iu' > L'. ■ I I ' r i .■ I' V I V.ui'v H.;-^ , l; I - W.i d [irompMv P H.‘ II K'liliHn^, Ch Xi’i'llti'd. VKin.v. .U'uitle. N. C. I .i.iva C'dfee. Rio Cotl'ei.' of lii'tter: lilack, ('.reen a',d Imperial Teas; New Or I ll .Tiii and other .\!oias>'’?; Ilacon Sides. Sugar (,'ureii ; Hams. Fre.'li .M.icketel. I’irkled Shad, Soiiji, Candles, ' i’epper. Spice, (Iiiiger, .il i, \Vhite U ine and Ap[ilii j \ iiiegar. Williiw Ware, I’ackets of all kinds, Tubs ; liii)om>.'. ('liiirns. Kegs, Ilalf-IJnshels, &c. j Lorillard Snnlf—best qnaliiy ; Soda, Ginger and I'gir t'nukers ; a fine lot of lii'ogan Shoes—extra i ;i/.es ; Liverpool Salt, and best Carolina llice. I Xj o fx t la. o r - I White Oak Tanned — fine article; large lot of i go.nl and g.iod d imaged Hemlock ; French Calf ' Skins; rpjierand I!aLea'her. ■ White Lead. Powder, Shot nnd Percussion Caps, ' all ^i/.es; Whim Rop^', Well Ro)ie. P>ed Cord, Cotton Cards cheap. Scythe 11. ides. Pad Locks. IJlackini:, ’ ’rl.’.'. (’oitiMi Va:n. I'm ham's Smol. i ng Tot'acco. Cl; V. ii;g Tobacco: Cm.-hed, Pulverized, While and lii .'wn .''ii;_'ars. and a line a.-:.-oi I mcnt i t best Nails. I liave srle. tid this Stock with great care, r.iid i jf we understand' it right, it likewise means that ! eannii- I e ii,:.K i .-oid^ dive me a ea.l before pur- | Q^u^t of the United States (for Judges are 1 eliii.'in:: ( l.'cw fiere. I!', no moer iiiv .Motto. I . n- % i n • t ■ . p . , _ , * T5 I officers,) shall hive any right to interfere | ^ I ^ ^ * in tho execution of the Reconstruction Acts of ! , and tan deahnLrs ur.h uil, u heat, hlcnr, Corn. : fn • • i . • -.u i H.icun and Lard taken in e.u-louige lor Goods. ^ Congres.=. 1 his IS somewhat at variance With ^ Fii-nd.^. reci.mmei.di' g Fnedinen to me. m.iy be ^ o}>H>ioti expressed recently at Raleigh, by ! assured that they will be dealt with fairly, both as : Chief Justice Ctiase, who recognizcd no such j ' to weight and cluinge—no objection to all goods , power in Congress | Section 11th is of a gr'oeriil character and ; The mail fatilities io this part of the State are not as good as last year, them bad enough then. We ail thought (;oai)s! li . T! I ;oods r la .Ti, DRY GOODS the ' :if ' :.l. n i (' .1-. ’. W beins: "lighcd that go from this ciablishmi-Mt. P.oli s are i-hort.and terms neces-iirily t'ASFI. I al.'O buy a:ui sell on comniissi in all kinds cf Pruduce. t»rde:s and ror.signtiicuis Solicitid. W. liUVD. Charlotte, N. C.. June 24, 1S'’7. Jisr 'L:ivii;u AT XVilsoxx 3E3r*os., E nl roidered Parcje. .''’Miped .MuzambiciiKs, Plain Mozainbiiiue,'. l.a\v.,s, Striped Pojdii.s, and a g„od ^S'.'rtment ot I'rints. .M:‘V (>. 1^1)7. JIa C:i-1. • v. C = . A-.-. G-roceries of nil Kinds, ('nnsisting of ISacon. I.ai.l, It.uns, Su:;ar. ColT?e, Fi'h. FliOir. .Me:il. Picklc'. \-c , .vc, I will ,«ell any (>!'th-a' \ \ I'w. .'.I' I u i- a i-'ill (roin any one lirt'iri' !u:rci;as:ng. .M \ i.!..;;o li' k silc'an l sh.'.'t j roli;' a':i,i! ‘ S. !;. ji;:Ac;i \\f. HAVE YOU sva:s the elephant ! If nvt just walk down to PRESSON fit GRAY’S Family Grocery and ProFi>lou Store, Where they are d.tily receiving tresh supplies of (iro’. ei ies lif evi ly dcsci iption, and buy your sup- plic.; while tile Horse and Wagon is standing bei'oie t\e ! 'Or ready in con\ey Vour purchases to Miur ’. •u'e here wi;l;in the corporate limits, tree of i , «- i .i- • j • u .i (•!!,,rge. H. .\1. PRESSON has affirmed this again and again, both in .’u-.ie 10, ISC'* ^ GRAY. j speeches and letters. unnecessary. It provides “that all the provi- I sions of this act and the acts to which this is s.u['ploui>'ntary, shall be con.-trued liberally to the end that all the intents thereof may be fully an«l perfectly carried out.” Here then, we liave in detail the provisions of this Third Reconstruction Act, fastened upon us hy the imf rudenceot tlie President, and also, wo, in a measure, think, by the collisions which Irom time to time have ari»en in pome of the Stales, in the course of the execution of these acts, between the civil and the military authori ties. We are glad to be able to say, that there have been none such in the Sfcoud Military District, and we therefore affirm that these aiiditiooal restrictions have been superinduced through no fault of ours. The skirts of the people of South and North Carolina, are clear in the matter, as far as we know. Indeed the testimony ot the Commander of District Xo 2 his DESTITUTION IN THIS STATE. The ravages of war, the loss of property of all kinds, the drouth which prevailed in many local ities last year, and the heavy and iong-coutinued rains in June of the present year, have caused much want and sutfering in this State. We know there are instances in which the benevo lence of the government is abused, but this is to be expected where want so much abounds, and where there is no regular detective system to dis tinguish the really deserving from the thriftless and vicious, ll is better lo aid a large number who really deserve it and make some mistakes in so doing, than it would be to aid none because a few unworthy persons might impose themselves on tho governmeut. The chief of the Freedinen’s Bureau in this State, Gen. Miles, has been very liberal in dispensing aid lo our suffering peoj>le This aid is freely bestowed iu provisions to all actually needy persons, without regard lo color, condition, or former or present political opinions But even charily has bounds, 'i’iiis aid should be given no longer than it is actually necessary. The people should be encouraged to rely on in- dustiy and economy for a living. The habil of begging for, or depending on the governinenl for a living should be sternly discountenanced.— Governments are established, not lo feed people or support them in habits of iilieness, but to pro tect them in their industry and encourage thorn in their eftorts to improve their condition. The aid now extended by the Bureau and by the benevolent, is temporary in its character. It can not be continued as a permanent thing. Il ought not to be. We learn that the suffering in Union County, in this State, is very great. The crops iu that County last year were cut oft' by the drouth — The people of Union have been relieved to some extent by the Maryland contribution, and the contribution made in Washington City under the auspices of Ur. Powell; but we learn that an of ficer of the Bureau, who has carefully inquired into their condition by order of Gen. Miles, re ports some seven hundred persons as totally des titute, and of course in a starving condition.— W’e learn that Col. Churr, w ho has charge of the Bureau during the temporary absence of Gen. Miles, has sent a large quantity of corn and pork to Union, to be distributed among the poor; and the committee having in charge the Boston fund have appropriated the sura of ^300 to the Coun ty. This t,um has been seiit lo a committee in Union, who will apply ii maitily to the stck, the infirm, and the aged, as it is believed the gov- ernnienl will furnish enough meat and Jiread for the great body of the sufl'ering po])til.ilion Wil- li.im Gray, E-q., acting for the betievolent people of Boston, has lecently notified Gon. Milts, Col. Pulliam, and W. W. Holden, that he has bt-en authorized to add the sum of *2,100 to the Bos ton gift, making in all *9,100 donated by the Boston people through this channel for the re lief of the poor iu this State, liut ^2,000 of this amount have thus far been actually expended; but the committee, after due consideration, hav ing heard from various parts of the State, have appropriated the bulk of the fund to such locali ties as s.-cm to be most in want.—liultijh Stan dard. OPINION BY JUDGE BEADS. j depeoded upoo their oircaUtion, aod that tba We published, a few weeks since, the opinion | usiog them io their oontraoty tided of Ctiief Justice Pearson io the case of Phillips I their ciroolatiooj so, io the case jost (jQoted* vs. Hooker, involving the validity of contracts ■ the value^of the importation o! oej^oes depeodod founded on Confederate currency. We give to- [ ®P®^ their sale, and the traosaotioo between tho day the opinion of his Honor, Judge Reade, io | parties aided their sale, tod, in that way, «q. the same case, which, it will be perceived, is { cooraged imjwrtatioo. The fact was Qodonbt^- devoted to the learning io the premises; * * ’* * ^ ~ ' Phillips vt. Hooker. Reade J.—I propose to consider onlj so much of the case as involves the qae^tion whether Coofederate Treasury notes, which were paid for the land, were an illegal coBsideratloo. For, very clearly, if tho consideratioo was illegal, the contract will not be enforced in this Court. 1 shall treat it as a dry legal gu*stion. A contract is not void merely becaase it tends to promote illegal or immoral purposes—Hil liard on Sates, 376; Armstrong vs. Toler, 11 W^heat 258; Story’s Conjiicl of Laws, 258. A contract for the sale of a house and lot is not vitiated by the fact that the vendor knows, at the time of making it, that the vendee in tends it for an immoral or illegal purpose.— Armfiehl vs Tate, 7 Ired 259. A sale of goods is not void although the seller knows that they are wanted for an illegal pur pose, unless he has a part in the illegal purpose —Ilothjeon vs. Temjy/e, 5 Tarent 181. In which case Mansfield, C. J., says ; “The merely selling goods, knowing that the buyer will make an illegal use of them, is not sufficient to deprive the vendor of his just right of payment.” In Dater vs. Earl, 3 Gray Massachusetts Report:! 4S2, the Court says : “If the illegal u.se to be made of the goods enters into tho contract and forms the motive or inducement in the mind of the vendor or lender to the sale or loan, then he cannot recover, provided the goods or money are actually used to carry out the contemplated de sign; but bare knowledge on the part of the vendor that the vendee intends to put the goods or money to an illegal use, will not vitiate the sale or loan, and deprive the vendor of all reme dy for the purchase money.” When goods are bought from an enemy, even in his own territory, by a citizcn of the United States, the sale is valid, and the price may be recovered, although the act might be a misde meanor and tho property liable as a prize— CooliJijy: vs. Lijice, 13 Ma.ssachusctta Reports, 20. Authorities arc abundant to the same eflfect It will be seen, therefore, that a contract is not void because there is something immoral or illegal in its surroundings or connections. And yet it is equally certain that a contract is void when the consideration is illegal or immoral. What, then, is the criterion ? Probably the following cases will show the dividing line Goods were sold to a man who intended to smug gle them and defraud the Revenue, and the vendor knew of the design; it was held that the contract was valid, and that the vendor eould recover the price; J/almon vs. Johnson, Cowper, 341. But goods were sold to a man who in tended to smuggle them and defraud the Reve nue, and the vendor not only knew of the pur pose, but put them up in a particular manner so as to enable it to be done ; it was held that the contract was void, and that the price could not be recovered; llriyus vs. Jjawrence, 3 Term Reports, 454. is^ow what is the difference be tween the two cases? None !—except that in the latter case it was a part of the arrangement, and entered into the intent of the parties that the thing should be done. All these authorities show that the intent of the parlies to accomplish the illegal thing is necessary to vitiate the con tract; and, therefore, in the case before us, un less the intent of the parties in their contract was to aid the Rebellion, the fact that it did it, (if it did,) by giving currency to the notes, does not vitiate it. It is not pretended that the Confederate Treasury notes were of no value. It is con ceded that they were of value, and that, at the time of the sale in 18G2, less than two dollars of the notes would buy one dollar of gold. But it is contended that although of value they were itlcjal. In what sense were they so ? In no case can the thing used as a consideration, of itself and independent of the intention of the parties, invalidate the contract if the thing be of value; unless, perhaps, by express Statute. There is nothing whicfi may not he turned to mischief in its use, as poisons, deadly weapons and the like; but still they are sufficient con siderations to support contracts, unless it be the intent of the sale to do mischief The case of Handon vs Tohy, II Howard U. S. Reports 493, is very strong in point. In that case Afri cans had been imported and sold as slaves, which is forbidden by law. The vendor brought suit for the price of one which he had sold; and the defense was that the consideration was illegal. The court says ; “The plea that the notes were given for African nej^roes imported into Texas after 1833 is unavailable. On the argument here, it was endeavored to be sup ported on the ground that the notes were void, because the introduction of African negroes into ■ be changed once a year ly troe, yet it did not render the cootraot rmd. The illegality consisted io their importation and not io their ose after importatioo; so cIm illegal* itj coDsisted in the issaiog of the Treasarj notes, aod not in their nse aft«r they wera issued. If balls, which had been shot in battle, had beeo foand and sold, It might as well bt said that the consideration was illegal, heoaose they had boen made for, and used in, the rebel* lioo. In Ooolidge vs. Ingfee, sapra, the ease was that io the war of 1812, a citiien of the United States boogbt goods of the eoemy oon« trary to law, aod broBght them to the United States and sold thera, and, when he saed tlie purchaser for the price, he set np the defense that it was unlawful for the plaintiff to have bought the goods, and, that, therefore, the eoa* sideration of the eontract was illegal; hoc the Court held the contrary. It is absurd to sup pose that the goods in that oase, or the Treasury notes in this, were illegal. Were not the gooda precisely the same as if they had been bought of a friendly power F Certainly. The were not illegal, but the trading with the ene* my was. This is the first time that this very important question has come before us for eonsideration. It has been well argued and patiently considered. We are not without important aid io determin* ing the question. It was well considered by the Convention of 1865, and by the Legislatures which have since assembled. The Conveation was prompt to declare that the rebellion, and everything in aid of it, was illegal. And it de clared void all contracts which were in aid of it; but it did not declare void all contracts, the con* sideration of which were Confederate Treasury note.s; on the contrary, it plainly declared such contracts valid; that all contracts made during the war shall be deemed to be payable in money of the value of said notes; and directed the Legislature to prepare a scalc to show, not that said notes were of no value, but to show what their value really was. And the Legislature did prepare such a scale. Now, if the defense set up io this case be good, then the Convention and Legislatures ought to have made short work of it, and declared that all contracts should be deemed to be payable in Confederate Treasury note.s; and that such notes weie illegal as a eon* sideration to support a cootraot, and, therefore, that all such contracts were void. I do not consider the question whether tho Convention or the Legislatures had the power to validate or invalidate contracts, but their actions are cited to show that those bodies regarded these notes as valuable, and considerations to support coQ« t>'acts. We thus have the concurrent opinions of the Judiciary, the Convention and the Leg> islature of the State, and an uninterrupted train of decisions both in Kngland and the United States on kindred subjects, that Confederate Treasury notes are not illegal considerations in contracts between citizens, unless it was tbe tit* tent of the parties to the contract thereby to aid the rebellion. Our attention was called to an abstract of a case decided in Tennessee, io which Confeder ate Treasury notes were held to be an illegal consideration. We regret that we have not tbe case at large. It seems to have beeo decided upon tho ground that it was tbe money of rebels. Suppose it had been the coin of rebels. Doubt less there is some better reason than that. It were an encouragement to rebels and to rebel lion to exonerate them from a performance of their contract, because of their participation in so sreat a mischief. If the Judiciary could be influenced at all by this consideration, it would hold them to a more rigid performanee of all their undertakings. As a court, we neither favor nor oppress rebels, but hold the seales of justice even. But we forbear further oomment| lest we do our sister Court iojustiee. The following are a FOB HOUSEKEEPEBa. few valuable household hints, which are worth preserviog : Save your suds for garden plants, or for gar den yards, when sandy. Wash your tea-trays with cold suds, polish with a little flour and rob with a dry eloth. Frozen potatoes make more starch than freeh ones; they also make nice cakes. A hot shovel held over varnished furniture will take out the white spots. A bit of glue dissolved in skim milk and wa ter will restore old crape. Ribbons of any kind should be washed in cold soap suds, and not rinsed. If your flat-irons are rough, rub them with fine salt, and it will make them smooth. Oat straw is the best for filling beds; it should Texas was contrary to law. If these notes had been given on a contract to do a thing forbidden by law, undoubtedly they would be void. Neither of the parties had anything to do with thp original contract, nor was their contract made in defiance of law. The crime committed by those who introduced the negroes into the country, does not attach to those who may afterwards purchase them As rcspects the defendant, therefore, he has re- c( ived the full consideration of his notes ” And then follows this strong language by the court ; ‘•If the defendant should be sued for his tailor’s bill, and come into court with the clothes made for him on hi.^ back, aod plead that he was not bound to pay for them because the importer had .smuggled the cloth, he would present a case of equal meiits and parallel with the present; but he would not be likely to have the verdict of the jury or the judgment of the Court.” So, in the oase before u.«, it is cooccded that If you are buying a carpet for durability chooee small figures. , A bit of soap robbed on hinges of doors will prevent (heir creaking. Scotch snufi' pot io boles where crickets eome out will destroy them A gallon of strong lye put in a barrel of hard water will make it as soft as raio water. Half a cratberry oo a coro will kill it. Always mend the clothes before washins them. A Wonderful Clock—Rev. Ashby Ste phens, well-known throughout West Virginia as a Methodist minister, now a teacher at Point Pleasant, has invented a clock which may justly be ranked among tbe remarkable inveotiona of tbe times. It is not, accurately speaking, a clock, but an attachment which may be ioin^ to any clock. It calculates with scieotifie pre cision the rising and setting of the sun, moon do “Tommy, my son,” said a fond mother, you say your prayers night and morning ?” “Yes, that is nights; but any smart boy can take care oi himself io tbe day time ” it was illegal to issue the Treasury notes, just as and stars. Shows the changes in the moon,, it was illegal to import the negroes ; but the and calculates all the eclipses. It ahowa the illegality is in tho issuing in the one case, and right ascension and declension of the stars, the the imiHjrtimj in the other, and does not attach place of the sun aod moon in the sodiae, and i« to those who afterwards use tbe thing issued or ' what constellation, with many ocher of tbe ee- impotted It was insisted, in the argument be- leetial pbeoomeca. This it will dolor one fore us, that the value of tbe Treasury notes dred years.— Wheeling Intelligenctr.

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