North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
THE MINERS- AND PARIMERS’ JOURNAL.
Cnrolina ; to no other can such ap|i«als l>o
made with salety ut any time; and to their
decuions, whencunstilutioiially pruouuored,
It becomes the duty, no Iush ot' tlic public
authoiitied, than of the peop|«, in every cose
to yield a patriotic subwit^ioii.
'I'hataState.orany other great portion of
the poopie, sutiering under !on^ and intol
erable oppiesition, and having tried all cou*
cititutionai remedies withuut the hope nf re
dress, nmy have a natural right, when thuir
happiiK Ss can be no others iw' !>ecurcd, nnd
when they can do so without greater injury
to others, to absolve thvmseUes from their
obligations to the Governiiient, ami appeal
to il>e Inst resiort, needii not, on the proi>eut
occa^iion, be denied.
The existence of this right, however, must
depend upm the cause which umy justify
its exercise. It is the ultima ratio, which
presupiKJses that ti>e proper Hppt-als to nil
other means of redress have been n)aJe in
good failh, and which can never be riyhtfui-
Iv resorted to unless it uiiiivoiHuble. It
scarcely l>e denied that the
iM a recimrse to the Judiciary
doubttjdiy, is the remedy
deem the acts of Congress laying duties
on iinporlsiind ptovidiiiy for theircullcctuin,
to be unconstitutional. 'I’he whole o|»*ra.
tion of such laws is upon the individuals
importing the merchandize: u ifiate is ab
solutely prohibited from laying imposts or
(Julies on imports or e.\|M>rts witlioiii the
consent of Con^zrcss, and cannot Ik'coiiic a
piirty under these laws without inij)orting
m herown name, or wrongfully intrr|K>!'ing
her authority ngaitisl them. Hy thus in-
terj>osi»g, however, she cannot rightrullj
obstruct the o(>eratKin of the laws, upon
iniiividuals. For their disobedience to, or
violation of, the laws, the ordinary reme
he*Droi'er remedy venue has been raised beyond the necesw-; 0^rgtU>*n «nd Betufort, e.ch «f which;^
y for those who exp« nditiires of the govcrument. .\nd
In coniiderinf th« beit meant of •*oidiii>
preventing the apprehrndcd obatructioa ta ilI
»AkiAa*aiA MM#! llta ^ I
colltTtlon of the rrvenue, ud the oonarqq,,,
which may pntuo, it would appear l« be mi)’’"!
and nweaaary to enable theofficcriof the cum^I
to preserve the cuntudjr of veiaeli and Iheir^l
soon as the burthen of the public debt is i
removed, those cliarged with the admin-1
istnition have promptly ruconimended a |
corresponding reduction of revenue.
'I'hat this system thus pursuwl, has re-' ^
suited in no such oppieMion upon South-1 (ruea, which by the i-xitin((lawithcr are
Carolina, needs no other proof than the 1 to take, untij the dutie. to which they ,re
..a «ak.,»i .1,. 1... i
chief magistrate of thni stute, m his address proc-M ol replevin, and that of
to the legislature. In that he says, ttiul' iriMenunn in the nature of a diHtreia from tj!
“ the occurrences of the past year, in con-; state tnlmnaU or^^unixed by the ordinance,
ncetion with cur damestic concerns, are to I Against the ptoceiding» in ^e nature ofid»
... . .It' r. trcM, It i« not perceivid that the colli'ctor cm I.
1. reviewed wilh a sentiment ut l-rvent;
to the 01 iiunitin • replevin uuthorizod by the Uvofy^
e\cijfs; that tributes of grateful arknowl-j uuie.he, bafing no coiunion law power, etmnij
dies throu"h the judicial tribunals would ■ iMjfrment ore due for the various arid n.ul-j oppwe »oeh mM«tctor. a. he i, by .tatute
remain. And in a iiise where an indiviiiu- j t.plied blessings he hue been pUast-d to be- j j;, InformMw”'re^dySK
al should be prosecuted tor any ofli nce a- |siow on our people ; that abundant harvests ,i,own to bewbull> inadequate.
ly of > tund«tneBtal liw, is it to be authorita
tive upon all within the limita of S. C.,
aod is mbeolute and unconditional in its
terms, the sddress conveys only the senti
ments of the convention, in no binding or
practical form; one is the act of the State,
the other only the expression of the opin-
ons of the members of tb« convention.—
To limit the effect of that solemn act by
tny terms or conditions whatever, they
shoo'd have been embodied in it, and made
of import no less authoritative than the act
itwlf. By the positive enactments of the
ordinaace, the execution of the laws cf the
Unien is absolutely prohibited; and the ad-
drf«8 ofiers no other prospect of their be
ing again restored, even in the modified
form proposed, than what depends upon the
improbable contingency, that amid chang
ing events and increasing excitement, the
sentiments of the present members of the
convention, and of their successors, will re
main the same.
It is to be regretted, however, that
these conditions, even if they had been
oflered in the same binding form, are so un
defined, depend upon so many contingen
cies, and are so directly opposed to the
known opinions and interests of the great
body of the American people, as to be al-
HMKt hopeless of attainment. The majori
ty of the 8utes, and of the people, will
certainly not consent that the protecting
duties shall be wholly abrogated, never to
be re-enacted at any future time, or in any
po8sibl« contingency. As little practicable
IS It to provide that “the same rale of dutj
shall be imposed upon the protected arti
cles that shall be imposed upon the unpro
tected which, moreover, would be so op
pressive to the poor, and, in time of war, rendered, is necessarily subji’cted to lim-, . .. k k ' ►
would add greatly to its rigors. And itationsinallfreegovcrnmeins.uiKlincom- ^^ubordiiuit^ to J^thle i.uthority, ur.d, | kiK.wlco^tng oi.y other obligation to us J T
though there can be no objection to the pacts of all kinds, freely ai.d volui.tiiiily en-1 »f't*r'*a'-ds, to resort to const.tutional r.-- laws then what dej^end^ upon her own will. ,„currrd. brlorp
principle, properly understood, that no more tered into, nnd in which the intere>t and i dress, is worse thnn evasi\e. It would not j In this po'^lure of nHhirs, tl.e duty of the utrly to the ceurt» of the I'nited Suu*. i« .
welfare of tho individual b»‘coii!e i>1enlified be a pro|(cr resistance to “a ^ortrnmfn/1 poxerijinenl teems to be t.o plain. It in- dc(irnd« on the tiii*l dtrrec, whether tlie •rita.’ft
with those of the commiiiiitv cf which he it/ unlimited as has been some- culcates a rec*.^niiKn of thut Slate as a ri^biTuI or to.tuou.. and tlu «
isamemb*'r. In compacts’Inrtweeii mdi- times preterx.ed, but unlawtul oppos.ti.m | n.emuer of the union, and suLjei t to its nu- ftu« b^^
viduals, however deeply th.-> mny atRct to the very limitations on which the liar- thority, a vindication of tlie jiikt jww^er of ,..dHatiii. cn the |«rt/proc
their relations, these prmciples are ac-|'"onious action of the (luAeniiiK-nt and all
knowledged to create a tuicrrd oliligalif.n ; j '•'» P«f‘s absolutely depends. South-Caro-
and m compacts of civil governmint, invol-; Ima hjs appealtd to now ot these remedies,
ving the liberties and hanpines.s oi millions , hut in elFcct, has defied them all. W hile , , , . • ,..i .
threatening to sept rate from the I nion if | obliges him to kup|>ort, df'cljies that the ex- *- ■ ^
IS not the right of tlte State, but of till'indi- ‘^re l>o regard* d as null and void, 'i he
vidual, and of all the indi\ idurils in the t'tute. j 1^*" '' ^’tate cannot nuthoriae the conimis-
It IS the rij:ht of mankind generally to sion ot a crimo ugainst the L. fc*. or nn\
■ ~ ^ct wl.irh, atconlmg to the supreme
:e I nion, would be otherwise un-
Aiid It IS equally ri«ar, that, if
voluntarily associated theiiTselvc s under a j theie he any cast^ in which a Stale, as such,
peculiar form of ^vernment, no jxjrtion of|is alFectnl by the law U-yoiid the si;o|h* u!
them can dissolve the associution wiih>ut j judicial pfiwer, the retriedy eoii'i.'l« in ap-
acknowledging the correlatne right in lhe!l*eals to the people, eitber to etlect a
remaimier to decide whether that dissoiu- I change in the r*'piesciit&ti»n, or to procure
tion can be permitted consistent with the ! relief bv an amendment of the (’oi.gtitniion.
general happiness. In this view, it is
irr siiuwii lu uc^yhvii^ '
caiiift the law s, he rtnihl not set up, in jus-1 in every quarter of the state Imve crowned ! 'i he rcupict which thatprocew dcaerve#, mi«
titieation of his act, a law of tl.e State,; the excttions of agricultural labor; thut j therefore be loiuidi red.
l«,„g tb.rc- ] l.eultl., ul.i.o.l W,.«l foni.er I j'-
i.e . has hles«d our bonier; an.l that there is st.tr., or it Uk, had pcrn.itied the
not less reason for thankluhiess m survey- ’ tribunals to adminiaui the law acrordjnt totlitt
ing our social condition.” It would, in- oatli under the ronatitution and the rrfuIiUeni,^
deed, b« dillicult to imai'liio oppression l«w*ol the I nion, the general fofrronm
where, in the social condition of a p..ople,' h.''bccn ^t.nt to look totJ*«™ to,
.. . - ihanktulu.^iw, ’ ' ■* Uw other?
tbero was equal cause of inanaium.>w, incoovenieoce. ari.in* oel of the i««t procii
tor abuiidant harvests, and ^a^ied and miilti- j bif*. Kvru ui that ca»e, liowe>er. tU
piled blessings with which a kind I’rovi- replevin Iroiu the courU ot the »Ute weuld beu
deiu-e hud fuv.,red them. ' un«u‘Wi»rd. It ha. beindeciirfk,
It will not escai* obs* tvalion, that South- dienonofall w.ture. n.adeooUnd or waUr.sai
Carolina •.till claims to be ac«xn|K>nent pnrt breach ofiht Uwnot'tlie I'liited State., aMu^
Kut the me^l^llres of the tinvernii.ent iiiejnl the I nton; to participate lu the nntiorial iiiiervintion of a Sutc auii>orii3r, which, bjriu
right dependent up^2 the pov\cr to ent'orce i to be recognized as »alid, and consequ>‘nilN, i cuuncils, and to share in the public bene- sutcl*Tlf>(^r*^miirh\*ob»*irJcrUic miw
it. Such a rmht, though it may be admit- ^ »'P'e>ne, until these remedies bh.dl have fus, without contrihuttng to the public bur- the juri.d.fUon.i.unUw;ui that in.uchc4j»,J
led to pre-exist, atid cannot 1« wholly sur-! heen etiectually tried ; ai;d any attempt to tl.ens—i.SM iting tl.e dnnj»erous auomalj of ,,>„rt of the luiud Sute». havinj cofniiancsi
'uhvert thoKO meiiMires, or to render the coiitiriuiiig in an asso'ialion without ac-' the «iiur, njay «niiirce a r^delivrry o* the thaJ
revenue shall be raised than w necessary
for the constitutional purposes of the Gov.
crnment, which principle has been already
recommended by the Executive as the true
basis of taxation; yet it is very certain that
S. C. alone cannot be permitted to decide
what these cooetitutional purposes are.
The period which constitutes tbe due
time in which tlie terms proposed in the
address are to be accepted, would seem to
present scarcely less difficulty than the
terms themselves. Though the revenue
laws are already declared to be void in Ss
court, of the IJ
, - ,—J procted at cou'.nyx. J
th? c*the ivution of ih® i4>f initw si*ic courts,
integrity of the union, and Ihe execution But, by o-aKinj it “unlawful for any of:
of the laws bv all cc.iislitutional menus.' c»4>»iiiuit*l auihontir., whether oi the I
The c«)D8titut'ion, w hich his oath of office ^ of tl« »ute. lo enW the Uw. fa.
of mankind, the oljligatitn cai.not be less.
Without adverting to the particular the- U">’ a»^’mpt be made to enforce the revenue |ecufiye •• shall t«ke caie that the laws be-
' mancr of the cootraeU made with purpaec l«
procrcdib^ which i.hall be hereaAer had in tfj
mancr of the cootracU made with pur
and in providing that cure the duiie. impowd by the Mid acta, ar«,«ii4
parties to it—and without
ones to which the federal compact has giv-!'^''*
-n both as to ronnBiion uiui ihp ' huimls ot the oouiitrv, she has not onlv not ■ he shall from tunc to time gne lo congrew ''*•*> «>« utterly cull and void, .h» h«i
n hUr, ™ ; »'l-rm«tion of tin. »tate of the UniMi! and !-‘
noui inquiring wnetn- i ^ i.^i „n i »...i. .. !•“»»» "» ‘hi. re*p«ti; h.« virioatljr iler.Md tic.
^ .»t*U«hf« ?
pended until the first of February, the in i by which pwer ii enrolled on ttie'one drawing the cognizance j cient provision for executing the laws us roeMyl^
terval may be a.ssumed as the time within I hand, and oliediciire exacted on the other; a cases under the revenue law-i to her own f - .-—J — - - - - i
which it IS expected that the most compli-j compact fieely,v.luntardv, and solemnly en- prr par**d and fitted for
cated portion of the national legislation, a 1 tered into bv the severafStiites and ratified 1 i r - - / - — , m h i k.
system of long standing, and •ftctmg! bytbepeoplethereofie.|>eclivelv;acompact ' to obstruct lho«-law., and both | taxes, duties, impcfs, and excm-s; to (m.v .7diu.Ul!7Xr ^
great interests in the community, is to be i i,y which the several Slates, anil the people Ib« i she oeUs and provide for the common de- j.d.i, of the Uw. .„d the rijht of the ouuu,^
thereof resj^tively, have bound theins« i\es 'he import of ohiIis previ iitly fence and grneral welfare ; but •• to make all cmiK iiwir«l>
J may from time to,time be found requisite. appi.I, or prrmii a copy W thtir reexim
I 'I he same instrument confers on coiigrtkN buiarc ptt«iwualj i>»nrn lu durt^.rd ih« law* i
the p«>wer not merely to lay and collect the I'nton, ii.duin'orrc tho.rcoijr ofNjuihXV
ly niii.i.lcr»«) in«tiuntenU in ltd 01
to each other ind to Ihe federal w*vern- | ^•'*ken, lo treut the C n-iitution ai.d laws cf j laws wIiKh shall be necewar) and propi-r tor : cono-rted oh*t.-i.ct>uQ of if.« U«. of ih* I nw*.
menf.and hy which the (Id^ral gr vernment “ nidlilv.
0 IS bound to the several fjlates, and to everv ' ^ *■ i ' const.tu- ^ .‘uprt.I..‘J ot the'*l/..,
e'citiz n of the Initt'd .States. Tothiscnm'- opinion, and to the reiiWy of a-1 tion in the grvernmeut of the ( nited States, ,.,fbuarul..curii> »ht citum l(ih.eyb--j
• I pact, in whatever riMK.'e It mny have b en For, without wainng to learn | or lu anv departn.ent or otTu-e tben-uf," and, u.iii.ti to, the proUcUtoi due from ihr pnerr-
I al.so, to pn.vide for cnllirig t'orth Ihe militia ' ”
; for excutini' the law* of the l>ni'>n. In all
convention, or, if thev do, will construe or
amend the ConstituMon to suit her viewf.
rescinded and abolished. !f this be requi
red, It IS clear that a compliance is im
In the uncertainty, then, that exists as to
the duration of the ordinance, atjd of the
enactments for enforcing if, it becomes iiii-1 pact, in wnatever nxKie it mny
penously the doty of the Executive of thej uone, the people of Soulh-Curolma have
United States, acting with a proper regard . frr^ly and voluntarily given their iihscnt;
to all the great interests committed lo his and io the whole and every part of it, the)
care, to treat those acts as abeulute and un-1 are, ujmu every pri'iciple of gotnl f.iifh, m-1 *u*horiiy, altered the
limited. They are sf», as far as his agency is 1 vjolably Ix.und. I'nder this obli:;i.lion, 1 instrument, nnl given im-
concerned. He cannot either embrace or I they are bound, and stiould lie requi7ed, to j eflect lo the change. In fine, she
leadtotheperforriianceoftbecorKlitions. He [ contribute their portion of the public ex-1 and authority uU.ve
has alreadj discharged the only part in hisj pense, aiid to submit to nil laws made b\ '•“'*'*> herself arbiter in her
power, by the recommendation in his an-| the common consent, in pursuance of the cause, and has parsed alonec over all
nual me^ge. The rest is with Congress! Constitution, tor the common defence and • ‘n‘^r'n«?diate blejw lo meaMircs ..f avowed
and the people; and, until they have acted, I general welfare, until they can be changcd ■ '’C^'s^anco which, unlew, they be submitted
his duty will require him to look to the ex-j ,n the mode which the compact has provi- ' be enforced onlv by ihe sword,
isting slate of things, and act under them Jed for the attainment of those great ends | ‘^‘^^ciding upon the course which a hi
•ccording to his high obligations. of the (iovemment and of the I nion.—;^
By these various proceedings, therefore, Nothing less than causes which would jus-) imposes up n the authorities of the
the State of SiUtb Carolina bus forced the. tif) revolutionary remedy, can absolve the j ^ emergemy, it cannot beover-
G'-oeral Government, unavoidably, to de-1 people from this obligation; and lor nothing | n«i suflicient cause for
cide the new and dangerous alternative of, less can the Government pern.it it to fje j|*ctsot South-Carolinii, or for her thus
permitting a State to obstruct the execution ' done without violating its own obligation:',: placing m jenpanly the happiness of so ma
.N>r Itairving into ef}cit ifie foregoing power*, . Neither tbc procot nor authority oitbif’-J
■ • ^ r, I. r bui.«rf, tuu« c.H.rtaut«d, c*n U Hf;» c!ce.coett
of the laws wuhtn its limits, or seeing it at-; by which, under the compact, it is boui>d
tempt to execute a thrtiat of withdraw ing j tn the other States, and to every citi*«u of
from the L'nion. 'I'hat portion uf the people ; the United Slates.
nt present exercising the authority cf th
State, solemnly assert their right to do either
and as iK)lemoly anrK>unce their determi-
natKKi lo do one or the other.
In my opinion, both purposes are to be n
These deductions plainly flow from the
nature of tlie It^erul compact, which is
one of limitations, not only on the powers
originally possessed by the f.arties iliereto,
but also upon those conferred on the Gov-
garded as revolutioimry in their character i erament, and every department thereof.—
anJ tendency, and subversive of the supre-1 it will 1« fr»^iy conceded that, b\ the prin-
macy of tbe laws and of the integrity of the I ciples of our system, all power is vested m
Union. 1'he result of each is the same ; | the people, but to l»e exercised in the mode,
since a State in which, by an usurpation of
p>wer, tl.e constitutional authority of the
Federal Governmenl is openly defied, and
•el aside, wants only the form to be inde
p.-nderit of the Cnion.
'I'he right «f the people of a single Sute
to ab«»lv** th' inseives, at will, and wiUiout
the conwnil of the other States, from their
most solemn obligations, and hazard the li.
berties and happinesa of the millions coin-
pi^ng this Union, cannot be acknowledged.
Such authority is Ijeltevcd to be utterly re
pugnant, both lo Ihe principles uf>on which
the General Government is cou«tiluted, and
to the objects which it is expreifcly formed
Again«t all acts which may W alleged to
transcend the constitutional f>ower of thi;
Government, or which may be inconvenient
•r opfirewve m their op;»eratioo, the Con
stitution Itself has prescnbjd the mwJes f»f
re»lrew. It is the acknowl*-dged attribut*'
of free institutions, that, under them, th^
empire of reason aod law is substituted for
th* power of the sword. To no other source
can af^als for Huppoaed wrongs b»j msde,
coQ^isleutly with tho vl>Lgatioui) of ^uth
ny millionsof people. .Misrule nndopprcs
Sion, to warrant the disruption of the free
:nsti!utions of the I'nioii, should be great
and lasting, defy irig all other remedy. For
causes of minor character, the govornir.ent
could not submit to si.ich a cala-trophe,
without a violalirin of its most sncred obli
gations to the other stutes of the Union,
who have tubmilted their destiny to its
Therp i=, in the present instanre, no such
cnusi;, either in tbe degree of misrule or
and subject to the checks which the p»'op!e ]oppres'iijn complained of, or in the hope-
theniselves have prescribed. 'I’hCfte checks lessness of redre.sa by constitutional means.
I'he long »,inction they have received from
are, undcjubtedly, only different niodil'ica-
tione of the same great popular principle
the profier uutborities and from the peoj.le,
which lies at the foundation of the whole,; not less than the unexampled growth and
but are not, on thnt account, to be less re- j increasing prosp«;rity of so many millions
garded or leM obligatory. j of freemen, attest that no such opjireasion
Upon the power of Congress, the veto of [ ;is would justify or even palliate such fi re-
the Executive and the authority of the Ju-1 sort, can f>e jubily imputcil either to the
diciary, which is lo extend lo all cases in | present policy or past measures of the Fed-
law and efiuily, arising under the Constitu- jeral Government. The same mode of coi
tion and Laws of tlie United Sfates made ; lectmg duties, and for the same general ob-
in pursuance thereof, are the obvious I jecis, which began with the foundation of
checks; and the sound action of public o-
pinion, with the ultimate power of amend-
rnent, are the salutary and only hinilations
upon the powers of the whole.
However it may be alleged, that a viola
tion of Ihe compact by the measures of the
(iovemment can efTcct the obligations of
Ihe parties, il cannot even be preirnded
that such violation can be predicated of
th'ise measures until all the constituiional
remedies shall have f^een fully tried. If
th! IVderal Gov rnmeut exercise powers
not warranted by tli
the governmenl, nnd which has conducted
the Country through its subsequent steps to
its prew;ot enviable condition of happiness
and renown, has not been changed, 'fax*
ation and repreaenlatioii—tlie great prin
ciples of the American revolution—have
continually gone hand in hand ; and at all
limes and in every instance, no lax of any
kind has U*eB imposed without their parti-
eipation—and, in st^mo instances, which
have b**en complained of, with the express
assent of a part of the representatives of
by the Cwisliliition, and i Houlh-Carolina in the councils of tl»e gov
»u;uicdi»aly uflecting ludividuajs, it wjlllcraocat. Uj> to tlie present perigd co re
xculing tl.e laws of the I nion. In all ^
I I L I r tii*on itult.
. cases similar to the pre.or.t, the duties of ^^.....1 »urh a foree .. ihe sheriff mai. •»
the goveriiiwnt l>e one the ii.eusure of its wh.m. Ij tlw replctm law of-'with-l'ar.liM. ui
powers ; and wbeor ver it fuiU to evercisc a l‘»» duty toixi rtiw, ii canm.1 U eipertd iM: i
[jower neces-sarv atid proper to the dis- foileticr con main hi. custody with the .to* a
y I . J I .u ln.p»etoM. In »iich c«.e, il true, it «(x. r
charge of the dulv pre*crib«d bv the con ...
* • ' , • competent lo inatitule luiU in the I nHcd
Mitutioo, It violates the public trusts not roon. .ga.u.i ih«efop.nd in the uiili«:ul -
less than it would in tracwending its pro- cerdmiri '>r, Oie proprrtjr might he -
(»er limits. To refrn.n tliorufore, frwn the v*«Jai*on'>f th« r»vmue law*, and Uinj In* '
high and sol^^mn duties thus enjoined, how- ^he pruper courts an or^rr mi«bt be -
r I .1 r 1 J ri^ielivcrT, which »ouU br cotnmitlrtl k
ever frtimful he performance may \r, and
tor rxrcuiion. Rut, in that ra«, ih«
thereby tacit.y permit tho rightful author- of Uie act, m broad and ur*qi»aliti«-J irr8.|
ity of the government to be contemned, and make, it the duly of the .hiTitT “to crtttui -
Its laws olietrut ted bv a single state, wc^ild >» snmre, or to r.d« hrrr th. (rwi* ^
neither cotrporl w.t'h its own snfety, nor - under an, pr«c^«^
.. /. ... /• '" or decrccK, or other pretf It, contrary lo Ihr I-!?
the rights of the great bodj of the Amcri- .mcnt ,nd m. aiiin, ot ihr ordinanrr
can people. It u tl.u» made the i)ut, of Uir sheriff to
It being thus shown tole the duly of the the pro-e». of ihe co iri* of the L’mied *
ex**cutive to execiite the laws by all consti- “ '‘*•‘11*.»" ‘*****^
extent of tho.se already al his disp»al, and ! ot lU ptovi.ior., he could hate uaed. in Ui«^
what It may be prop r further lo provide. ; *er*aii»>n il obvioui.l>'cwitf mplatr. a rrsorit««i
lu tbe iiislruciioiis of the WK-relnrj of the ! uwan.than ihiiM. particularly mentM>n«d-
Ireasurv to the colle tors in .'**)Ulh-(’aroli- j *• '* ^ difcoiKd. that the power »i«J
na, the pn.v.sions and regulations made bv i ‘‘"•«
1 . r,- « 1 11 •• nothinc l.!«. than die M»»*e *
the act of 1 .!»9, nn.l al.so ihe fines, p,.na|. j i h„ p.,*
ties, and forfeitures for tlieir enforcement, thcuj;h it may be ui. j .j.m.i uniawful r-»n'‘-''*
are [sirtK'ularlv detailed nnd explained. It injuduui proce*, i. m it. character tiirfif^
maybe well a'iirrehended, how.-ver, that i" hai .'onirn.d upon the frir-bi-
meet such an op«-n, jiowerlul, organized op. ^ of, t„ „-co*Rp:»i if
pr^tiilion as is to be rommenccd after the | their forcib!. aid what could i.-l b« itTicid p"
1st of February n« \t. I •‘•*1* "^d by the ordmaiy n>nui»- I' S‘*f f**
lions, and to the pnssnge of tho ordinance, | moral force, .i.d, m it. origir. «».'-on;!:-
information has been received, from s«»urc« s ! tl.,- »h,-niT. uf r.njlaml, ti »n»Wc t>^'" “
entitled lobe relied on, that owing to the I
popular excitement in the state, and the ef-' “’7 V “, ir‘
f-. of ,h. doci.,m, .1,0 c„c.; ij;.
tion of the revenue laws unlawful, a sufiicient, “the aid and ait.ndanccof all knltrhu sml^* '•
numlier of per.sons in whom confidence i^'wund to have li,irii.-ii«." li iiirludi* ^
might be placed, could not be iinJurcd to I"'''•'‘'J'
niid en.brarc* larger rln«m • and p"
of |opiiUtion than can be conip« ll*d by lt'' '
of nioxt of'.he st.tr. to perf.irni iiiilil.*rv iJu'T'
th« prii.ci|itr. ol the coinnwin law are riC'ii;!''*'
accept the office of ih»i|)Cctors to oppose
with any probability of success, the force
which will, no doubt, be used when an at
tempt is made to remove vessels and Iheir ■'>Ju'h-CaroIin», (and firm tl i* sf' '•
eargoe. from the custody of the officers of! “;7 I**" M
• -I Ji .1 . . lit •"■r.milo/n. will cotitprl, under tlie (M nail)
the customs ; and, indeed, that it would be | ...j „„pr„.,.„„„.„,.,,'cr; man ov.r the .f
impracticable for the collector, with the ^ t.en. and able to Haul, to torn out, »t H>« '
aid of any number of inspectors whom he ' slnnfT. and with »u«-h weapons «s mar
may lie authorized to employ, to preserve I "“'"''y ; •”d h msy justify iH'slinc.
the custmly against such an allempt. ,^“''7; •’
rpi I r .L - I ' r I romif«K*. th>>ri.lore, a dirtrl spi.lu atien
I he renjoval of the custom house from .nd mnnnt b.- oth. ruii.. r.j:ar.!. d th-n •• '7
CliurlcHton to Cantle Pinfkney, ws. deemed a ciiiploymcnt of the wlinli! nniiti. Ibrce ol llif
mra»ure of m reMarv pretaiilion ; and tliou»li tli.- ; try, si,d in .n »-«iui«!ly elVu i. nt f.irin
autWity to ifive th it dirrctiun m not c|ii. (.iionrd, fen nf n»mr. No proe. . diny «hi' h ri w'rt*'®''".’
It I. neverth. less a(.|.ar* nt that a mniilar pr.cau- i power, tn th. «itrm c.nt. in|.l.ttil hy that
t»n caatwl be bbHrnd lO n gard to the ol be piuptrly deiiuii.uiati.'.l pi.acialjl'^