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Miners' & farmers' journal. (Charlotte, Mecklenburg County, N.C.) 1830-1835, November 30, 1833, Image 1

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MINERS* & FARMERS’ JOURNA: ■■“il*^ KVi runw, »v ’n().>i \s j. iioi/ro>....t ii vui.{»tte, me( ki k.\ii k.' olsty, nor’iii*;aholi>a _/T.**-*” nnm.i^ utf Tiir kahtii^anii bk^im^m.t iucim riir cAvrRvs of hik moi ntaino, mktai.i wiih-h wii.i. uivtt irikKNinii to urn hands anii ki'Bjmt ai.i, nawhk to oi:r ubp. axi> ^lf.a§i'I(E.—dr. Johnson. Tin: Minors’ Sc I’armeirti’ Joun»al „inted iinl pubJuhiH e«T} Siilurd»y iiinriiiiig *t Turn IhilUirt ix!t nniHiiii, il’imiU in ailvarifr; Vif# find t\fty CtnU if not |Hiil iiiilil •lur Uu' ex|>ir«tio!i oC thr« monthii; 7'Arrr Miur$ at tli> fiid uC Ihf yiM. No p»|>cr » ill ji.conliiMifd utilil all «rrc»r«(,'ci *r« paid. Kt the option of llif Ixlitoi. j^VfljTISKMF'N'rS will !>»• incrrlcd at I'ljly Cejiti F*' (""• cxrc»;ding !W) liucn,) for Ihe fif'l “"** ■"'* cent* for rarti •or. w»'»^k—»r fl for tlir r »n k«, for «»ih' nuar - A litx riil discount will bo nudr to IIkmiu w^ho ttdvrrtiw Ifjr Uwi yt ar. I/'On all advt-r. lijuiiu-pt* cwuiiiiinicaicd for publicatiod, the n'liiilHf i)fin»«-tlion« inuit l« mitfd on tlif mat. riiioftlif m»nii»cript,or tiu'y will be coiaiuu«;«l until forbiJ. »'“1 chargrd accordmgl)-. . I ,\\l cnmmunicationa to tin- F,ditor niur! coiuf or thi’v iniy not be attended to. A; It I(Vi/r L' u a SATi unvv, :j(k ih.u. NO* 160. (Kr«n Nn hol»o(»’a Farrrwr’a Ariintalll.) M A N L' R FA—CoMi u; or.n. Pverv' part '>• w>im«l ■ulMlances m«y b«- ntfrtwl tiilo ffiKxl manure. 'I’ho rt'^sh, m oin|M»i(i^i (liw'loaea abtindaitre of ar^Ua nd aiia«in»; anJ aom** of thr conirtilurnl rtP of bitted ore ntkaline and wi naltx, oil, if, nattr, allof which are t'twrntiull) be l'oiKlof pUiitn. 'I’hn l)one«, whm («.». r>^. are good as a U»p-dr*»m|r; ainJ ev««ii hr«lia«io|;fl of the h m«i, ntxl uf ihr liide bea curnwJ, arc pood ir« in V'o bored in light Thf f^-^h "huuld wT'Mduver lh* grwrxl, aitd (lUmyttrd iti i,i di itcly. I'be blood w b»>t u»-d la ninn»re«, winch ar^ il,.er pl«i){h«i down for j:n*co dr*>:*.»(y, df« otherwise btirH-d in th«* Ci*rlh wlnl»* ten, ar« nioch nmrr rtrictci«Kj« lliaii«» ri>Hl, ffpecwlly if Iwig eip>!*d to the atbrr. J^uch mnv, hrtworcr, be u«*l'ol nlicn r Afjil iiilo cn«.)ard», and mi*-d lilt tl»eriunniif tiie calllo, hy which infam i’val»«»fb iiiuch «•!' «hc »lal« arid juir«-« nl cfcrciji^nl*, aiiich mnjld i>lhvr»i!»r br I. fur ibi« pur(¥«M*, aiuiwl ••%erj kiixl ■pJnoi, aiwtlwr gtMfi or dry, i« uiorc or uarl'ul. or lti« Cba(«nls of liie bam.yart), horik r.; I* U»e Mwrvt.aiid duu^ ta iniK'h aji a iii^aiure. If Ihe foriiK r b' rf-ii to it€ lNi|2 III a hr.ip, it wili U- \ .i by ita »H II iiral, u Inch H lu (»■ kii>«« ii i!' Hbite ruuwldj a(«peirao and tlK-r - ' i'M>uid h(* applii'd t* llic W'll ax mkid hk It II iiHMil NUilablff fur cold, w«‘I, '«iifT.«>ib i atiil the ioim‘ run> be oUiM’r\od *‘w il dun^’, thuu;;^ Ihia will ^'fpntly a»- ! tiiv atiti. CoK uuug la brat iur ligfit ut i Will*. hu r> kir 1 of bam c’lin;; is muoJi injnrf**! b icig aufll*rr»l lo htf f .xp»>w^d to th'* raiiiK , ti,*'icforo dhi>uld be krpt ai niu«-li ft covrr aa I: sSuuki bo cart- i«it in iho «|>rui^, atiil iiniii«‘dulely buricil I * auii for a c»^n» wl'lmiinn com »*r p»tu in ordor liiat Ihe »rc«i*«»l' werd» wlncit fi^jUitia m;iy l»-d»*-troy od by ihe hoeiii^f •utj«^|iici>t plni;>binj{‘>. Or if any jwirl iu'> fiiiiiK U» rflniiird in tlw* Iwrti-jard, rmakin;lc)nif»of(!», it ahmikJ b*- that « hi« li urNi«rcuvrr : aud tl thia be tlir hiir** duii|;, I It br iinirH'diitlrly iiiixrd nilh 8>ate Z f-ailhs, which are lit ingrodif^ils for nfxatn. i rnav b** mad« of cvrrj ingroiliciit i!ran be g^thrrf*! tr>;^thcr, that ;!»ciiicu- !-i to niaiitire th* ar>il for which it la in- '*1. Clar, Kiiid, rmi't, lifTic, prat, «Vc. i\ ttt^Trfurp l« purl'. 'I'o may b‘ . '1 tli»« dcrapinjT' ol ihc liack \:ir«l, liifl' »iirl) catllc ba\e luiif; duiij{i'd, old rub- 'h of Imililiii rarth thnt lua Iwrii ln^ '''■rn), baiikx ufricti earth thnl lia\«* lu i'ii ii|i liv ihn plMi;jh against I u»-ii» r:»lly ail rich earths that can be On (he hcup.^ »f coin|H;atK ahoulii III' vtn all the aoa|wud«, di«h>t ul»r, ni*al> uriii^, wBicr iliat hai run from dimp, ■1 j'*-rKT8lI> nil thr fiith liiat is tolWU J ainnit the hoiiHe mid bfirn. ( (T should l»^ fiei|iu.‘nlly stirred up '’111 II,»> Imltiini, in orl«*r that a ilin> d-|iree ’ i'Tii;rtituti()ii mav cM'iitii'ilH pn-vaiio the iiins«; aiHl when in thia stlalf of fer- *nt.iiii.ii,ilicy lihould b«'('iirried out, P|ir' iid *il) on {;riiu!ii| wuil pri'piiriMj, p|.jiJi/[li''i ‘ ictitly, and wril inixeil b_v tin* hurro« P’ «liirh c>\ r the *i ci that la at tlif i:iw> ti'Df to )> town. A lii'Hp Ilf cuiii|MMi| of thiM kind niny tx‘ l'>nd»aiitajj‘ near tin* dwi>l||iijj.|i«>iis«’, ■T Ihc i4'recn\nnj iVo.u it ih* a«l- that iriay b»* alK.nlc.l thi rc. Or it 'V II*' nmtlc adjoining the ho^r-irtn, to n* •''■nil itn rontnlK ; for iio^ hint' ih an ■ iii.iinire for all drv soiU. Stich a '■^k wiiiiUI lir found of ai^nal use, afa ina- I'lr ih«‘ turnip c.rup. i in’*.r hi sip- o|' coni|Hi(t vill l»e the l>ot. 'f I'l Ix* H|i;rhl|\ c«ivrrei, aona to admit no r iitiH tiiiui will N«'rvr to ki-«*p ihcin in ■ pri |ipr docrteof momtnrf. If pri>[x*rly lli*-v will l(c lound inncli huperitir ’ "I"'I (juHiititic*! of raw iHirn-dun^ : and, ('f''!*' r p;iin^ lie t;tk**n, very coii^idr-rablo ^"•Mitic, 1)1 tlu'iii limy l»e inado every ' ''■Hli'nt nn'thorl of mtiUmp n lar;r«- jni|.|t|t(ty ^,,|||| liHl,. (p.lllilo, IS ||4 L '"f : ill the f-pring, ciiclosc a ['H'co oi «r(uiin], *uy im hkIh long and two wid«; liiive tho two end f«'.ices mi timt they can l>e H;.eeJily removed at plennire to plouj-h tho Kroiind more easily. After ploughing it with a clefl furrow, turn the nnlch-ryw8 and \oniij^ cattle U|K)n it every iii{;hf. Afti i ihfy have satnralcd llio surliice, plou^li it with a ^'utheriiifr furrow ; and »o on alter nately, at interval*, until Ihc ground is com pletely sHturatcd with iheir stale and dun;/. 'I’hen curt it oH', and apply it U8 before d"- rwtcd for coinfKifls. By lir.st ciirting earth and niiihisli into llie barii-ynrd, the mme prucrsR of inakiii;' niantiie may be carrii J on there; hut (hi!« reqiiircH un udditioiiul catling, whicii great ly eiihancea the expens**. It in u.'.ually hcf. iter to make tlifse sarda in Kinlahle places, .and dri\e tin- cattle into them, al)er tli»* I cow* are milked. 'Phey may be miide in I the fi Id intfnileij to Ur niunured. iiheep, I Lom ver, rhiHild never Ij« aiiut up in this ! inuniH'r, aa li will tie f. uihI more hiiitliil t.i ' lljem than th** advantage g:nnt-d by their inumire im wortii. 1‘erimpa the mnic may I lic obx rvcd of liorM‘,'4. I I/*‘t a hli;;hl «hM| In* rnarle in n Klif*ep pnnture, nnd under thia ciirt a layer ol'sand I or other earth. 'I he aheep will resort to i Ihi* for •thnde, if it b** the only one in the f»«'lil. A^tlify suliirHte the earth thuicartiHi III, biitijj in men* and »|*read it ov r iha oth er ; as lliif l>ecii'H'.*« al»n a;i*iiralrd, let innr«' he bri>i^ht in, until the n)asii i raiBcd ho hijh as 1(1 r»*ii(l» r it nec*‘«sar\ t > cart it oil lo tnnnure the muI, n* U'fore iliiTt»vl. 'I h»* ' same ( r>cc-^ iin\ bo earned on in the sheep ! }j* n, riurii';' wmlt-r, lo ii* :irly erpi.tl ji.lvan- lag'". The oarih b«“co(n 8 in tlin » :i_\ »• tully antuiati'd with the iirtn^ and e\«-re. inelilx, (hut il tiecoinis very ^mkhJ iminiir*'. I'I he alale aud iimnur'* of horses .nmJ c iher ;ca((|p mi^'lit in j^irt s.ivt-*), dtirin" the warm miuuih r ri:i>», in the iu.ii;:iei above ilin-t ted tor aheep. .Mr. i’l ter^-ays that Iiarn dung ^h'*l)!d not Ik* complfii'ly rotted, ln'|or* using ; Uil Ihht It ahould .11 far advanced in p*itr‘ - ai ti> dc.HifOv i!ir ve^flutivf |wiv*er j ol till'M-rtlx of weeds i( cffilain" : th-it it s|io«ild Ih’ aj'rdied to the «.uil while it iB still 10 a st ^ii* !(' Icrtie nl.ilion, an I during the latter jiart of the pnir'''«H of rolling. There !»ei*n,n (o 1>^ xan"* diveriity of o- : 1:11011, irn iLi.i [H'liii. S'lnt* »:iy rlnug •h ul-i be per|l*« tly rotted befui^ it in used ; whilr* otlicra coiiieiHJ fur burying it in the I!*oil U for*? n ltinj'. \S n Udtevf* that any given f|tn;jiiiy of , fre».h born duo; may, 111 njo>n chs#», Ih* retidored n>-.r* prmluctue by U*in« (in«t rot j led to a certain d*';;ree ; nnil (hat it will pn ' !*till larther, wh'-n proy*»Tly mixf«i 111 a cot- pout. Hut, as a l.Jitional e^|K n o muat. in either of these ru.'.cs, lie inciifrcd, t*ii' ili( t'lij tiP duly estimated, and rvgiiluted ac- ct>idiiij{ »' ( iri u:uvtancc. i I’l'r iiisl;ince, if lab'r is hi:;’), tl:'* pri-'e ' and the produce of low, mid the I :ii(i .ilreiidy 111 a high state of t. rtility, tln*ff may U* a l*»s ineiirrfil in eTp«‘n>*ini t 'i lulu'll luUir in making the muht uf the cun- ' lef U of ihi* liarn y nrd. ' I’lif, if the eai»* be r^'vcrs'd, liy tlic land iH'iftg (It lieient 111 alT nlin,; the gi'':itc.«t prfti'.icfit, ihf prirN« of t! i-se, o;iii of (he laihl, sniVn lentlv lituh. ntMl tin* w;iges ol' lal»ort*r« nioiitTJte, t!ii*p* a pp 'jioriu.'iiutfly men liv'd evi>cndilnre. in ni.tiiiiring the ianil, will lie f iiiid ••-.vnli.'illy r*)')iMt«r, ll>r *>1>- taiiiin;; the ;;realcsl clear (troht. \ «ouii.l di!»cr( tinn is ind»*rd c‘-«cn;ia!. in deteriiiining how much m:iv l*e exjiended. to nthaiila!ri*, in manuring Un i?; In '. jjetKT d- i\ sjx'akm:;, much la lost in falling sliort ol that (Mini w here, hy the ni l of pl iitilul iiia- nuniii;, the grealett profits are lo be ex- (M'etrd. Till!* mnnuro, in it« crude alste pnrticu- iarlv, should always !« buried lo a t'ood (li pth 111 the soil ; and in this stnlo should remain thore till it has .-tiUu icntly rol'ed ; for h\ lying u[mit, or too neir, tlie rtirt'ace, ' niueh t'f I’.H (llit-ncy .seems to he I-st by eviponiiion. \\ hile tl.f valuahie (jimlities 111' anmc manures, sucii as salts of ^a^tou^! kinds, are ci.iisiaiitly' nnhiif; into lliei arth, the coutrary, in .1 gie.it myasure, Hecms to It** iliecaso with h.irn-dun,'j. ' (>1(1 pra»i'\ iirds, w here Ihe dead liechxely mti rp’d, ur** always remarkable for their I liTlilitv. 'I'ho nii.ismn produi'ctl from the I I'litrffy me mailer, though laid at a great l*|>lh, IS c"ii»itanlly unil of courst* enrichiii;; the surlUce ; snd such, lo a cer lam extrnt, would Hccm to be the case with , liarndun:’, while lu a Hecnmposing state. ^Ir Peters oh(*orM'«*, however, that grass crops are nn exception to llic genernl lule, i>f deriving most lieiicfit from barn dung, while in a dec«)m|Kising state. Il would seem that, for crojis of (his tle- senption, Its enit-ncy is princi|i«ily in wrv- ing as a covering Id the ground, and there- ; by previ iitii’i; th" e^'ape of inoisture, which IS more or less particularly c'Stienlial to the growth of grass, s. I VVe iinni^'ine it mil usually he fmnd more erti rliiiil, ns a top-dres-mj;, lor (111110 grass I S th in for others ; nml alv'nya nioit ao i n t!ie dru r “rounds. For liip-rooied gra>se«, w- think this iiianuro should be buried in the sod. «OVICI5.\OIa*f«» j in your ability to administer Ibeir publio I'o the Ccncrul ff /Ac titatt cf 1 '|'he excitement which scenib to pervad* i\orth-Carolina. I every aection of the State, upon the »ub- I'nder enrtha, w(j have described tin method of hiirning pent, and thus reducinjj it lo ai.liep, for a niaiiure ; but we were in^ duced to coniiemii Iho practice, unless, |)or _ , . , , , liQ('-», where it abounds in great t|uanlilies 1 Genti.emen: 1 he most striking cliarac- ject of Internal Improvements, has iio doubt on the surface of th^ earth, as in the countv j »cristic of our republican system of govern- ^ attracted your aitentioo and engaged y*ur of Siiliiviin, and the norlherly part of Ilerki-1 '« ‘I'p prjodical asKcmblage of the : rtfhictioo. 'I'he opinion seems lob*;pne mer, and its vicinity, in this state, and in variiKis other (iHrUof tlie country. (Jenerally sjieaking, it is believed that peat may he more advatitageourily u«ed in comi'obts, in Ihe wny before descriljod ; a«, in this way, its (irtrcls will lie gn-aler, and much moro |iermatient, as a manure. Where the siirfuce is hut fhinly covcred w ith fieat, it umv lie mostly burnt oil’, in a dry tune; alier (lie land id cietired ; and th(.n the aslies he on the Iniid where they are wanti'd. Hut, io such cicjo, it would evetilii- ally prove mon) advantageous lo the limd lo rot or decompose the fieat, with lime, as hefi^re mi-ntioncd; alter which the hlaek innrs remaining may lio mixed with the earth l)clow, so as to render il more [icriiiu- iiptitly priHiiictivc. A siirlace of p*at of this(lescri[«tion may, Imwever, lie s-ii('ce;v|1i|ly cultivated with yearly cmps of pot.iKics, until the peat, hy representatives of the people, clothed with ral, that the adoption of a more libera! sys- the power, and charged with the interests tein is essential to the future pro»p**rity of of their constituents. I:],xperience lias shown the State; and that this cannot be elRi ted that the hi^st security ti>r the prcs«'rvation of hy individual e.Terlion, unaided by coiitri. our rights is to Ix: found in a deliberative hutions from the Public Treasury. I'ho IkmIv, nelcctcd hy the people from among | Report of the Board for Internal luiprova- themselves, 1 '"d return ut short intervals to] ments, will be irnnsmittcd to you in a tew tlie lx.!rf>ni of the community to participate j Jays, and will afliird all the inforn ution in the hU'ftsings derived from a wise, or the which that Ixnly have been able to oUa.ii, evils llowing from iiidiscn*et legislation. It with respect to our several road and luvi- is n;>parent that no lorm of {{overnnient can ^.Htion companies. It affords me plei i-i re he 0..VIW d, w hich will atiind a guaranty that t,, state* that these details w ill be calciil.itKl Ihe common w( Ifan; will lie promotedj aud to correct much misiipprehensioii, ai d ;e- tlie pul'.lic lil)erty preserved in the hands of niove some prejudices with re.spect ti llic incoin(H'toiit and fa ith let's agents, and that attempts heretofore made lo improvi 1 ur m proportion lo the importance of the trust internal condilioti. The flituation ot ujb iissiitned, siiould be the zeal, fidelity and dil-: of the corporations is much ijiort- pmspe- i^pfice with which we enter upni the dis- rous, than many intelligent intiividuai^ litid charge of onr dutie-s. ! supjKised. 'I'hat there were instancrs of 1 trust that I entertain n proper sense of misii.anagemeni, and that a pirtioii of tho th(* higli resp'iiisibiliiy w hich rests upon the public funds has been expended wi^liout pm. ,, , 1 ,u .1 .1 I'xecutive jieparimeni, nnd cht^iish the dis- ducin" any substantial aofid, cannot be con- rotim;; away, can be mixed with the earth i .. . ' , ... ■. „ . 1 . .1 .in 1 n , , . 11 I- 1 position to c.i-')ix!rale wnil vou in a hearty troverted. l>ut the actual public losa. will mr\ ti4i fii lr>ff>ti. ft mivtii**' eiiitit ln'* lur t • 7 ■ Ih Iow, jis i(j fonij a rni.xtuic smtalile I’or i • , , ' \ \ » r i . i l .i‘ • u >(h»*r rro »s j endiiavor lo uccuinpli^li even objcct wiucn be fiiund lo be n*urh Igsh Ihan is gei^erally o i» rrro[»s. . , . , . ^ ; u::iv bo i.fHT^Rnry to st*curc tU* i*nd^ fur conjectured* hrn il U recollected, thal ru.er m nr h. e is r .common t* . v\as established, ll.at the comii»riK,cTn»^nt of our fi|)eralioiis in as a manure tor p-.tatM's, 1t„ b- recollectvd, however, that the Con- * isl«s and l^=>rJ, we were entirely e liHse no dniibt, that (lent ni’e!e fine, I remise no ii.ui>i, tiiai f.rni f,,r i.ji pisses, has confided to rieticed, and lound it impossible to ol.lain •in.) rnixi. with some s..itah|e earth, would I ^ 'J'he ,(ie aid of a skilful engineer lo direct our an^er a ./eiler p'jrp so as what «eonis most neither control nor check ( filjrts that several works were comuieiiceJ this rravin, tliut they grow Vkell uudcr a mere coverini; ot .stra*v. gregatc tv, than from any e\press constitutional pro-! uf j^reat surprize nor serious ilis«'fiiirgeiiient. . \'ision. 1 nppr*,:*.ch the discii.ssion, never- 'J'he information we have acquired, if it .*“.’aw( ed ( \l^o Miir.ha) is a*7'n..d in t,.p important subjects which does not coni|iensate us for the expenditure consi.lenihle [ir.ni:tie*i on uirin;. p-irts ol ■ j|i, ,j jYji,|^,|o^j,. jf,. incurred in obtaining it, will not prove with* oiir .‘■e ici.ri.^t, and IS valuable ari a ir.an'ire, i,j ||,e con\ letion, tliat the high piiv-dut value. The introduction of the Rail pnr*icu!:ir|y h>r h/jht dry S'oU. l or jjp.rij -,\ith which you are iuve.'tcd, will but Hoad Svstem, is the commencement of a It IS not so {jiHKi. It is best to l>e ploughed ^,7der you tlio mortj -nxiciis lur its proper new era’in tlie annuls of physical improve- .n the *i-il while grern ; ns, when it h;is b*'- ,e ihe more disposed to listen w ilh mcnl.—Tho cost of any given work can Iw eom»* dried, It IS not so v:i!\j'ible as a inannrr. atlentu n to suggestions eni inating I'lom a aacertaincd w ith so much correctness, be lt h.is two aJtaiitagcs over tr in-diuig ; ,-o.ordiirate l.iant h of the Coveninient. ! f.ire its construction is attempted, that prjj- iMK* in c-iinmoii, howev* r. with ux*ri oiln r * r, ,.„rrcnce to our pa.sl leoislalijn will dent men will be able to compare its proha- I'lanur**-—it contains n> seeds o( w eed-; ii^t nUhouch uiir pieticcesssors hie value, with the proposed expenditure, the other IS, it tends to rendi r hgl.t land' i,jnc tiunstjitted to us I’liiinpaired the gn'ht and arrive at a satisfactory conclusion, with more cainjriel, arid for llsat r»'aseii crops ol ,.i,„f,,.p ,,f rights, ai d were an.xiously respect to the propriety of engaging lu the wheat r ii>ed till ih-m are Imt little ath ■ ted ^j|vjK^s■d to advance the improvement of the cnterpriz**. with mii'd. A : whi'e « -rjt gr >vn r.n lan-ls hy providmu facililics for trade, in- hi addition to the information wh rh will loii*r manured null ihe c .'er.ts of the barn o,jr a^rit ultiiml priH.'uctions, dif- he afforded by the Kejiort alludi d to, «ith yard, h'-iomiii!r therehy more lyose and 5|,p a,J^y„ta;i»es of education, and a- p sped to the condition of the public works, lria!ilt», is liitir'i, in (neat Britain at leu.-!,; nur laws to tlie improved couilition th« opinions of the Board will, in fdie.iienca to lie fiifnt iiabir 10 this r isorder. | „f syoji'ciy, httla has Lcen done tor the fur- ’ lo the Act of Assembly creating the cf-rpo- .Mr. U.ivv. Ill I.!s .Meiiioir to tlie Ho^rd |),(.rgnceOf i iiher of ihe.ve wise purposes, ration, l>e presented u[>on the most impor- i»f A"ricidliirc ii. I',;: JanJ, afiern; iitioiiiiig , comparison with what it is in our power tant suhjccis connected with the liileinal llie dill're!it r-Miiiif'fat.aly zedeailhs wliiiii ii, etiit,and with tliat which the excited Improvement of the State. U hether tho wrc li uiidextK n>e!y iL rtile, observes, that, hojx'd and cx;.>cttations of tho coaimunify condition of our country is susceptible of “ In sii|.[.!vir-’animal or vegeti.Me mn- liom i:.d. ' the improvements recommended ?—whether nure, a t- r.poraTy f>KHi is oiily provided lor ' It i-' cert..: .ly not claiming too mtich lor a fuad shall be created proportioned to tho plant's which is'in ail rascs’exhausted hy . Nonh-Cari-ima, when we assert tiiat no , magnitude and importance of the enterpri/.o means’of a ci rtain i.umU r of crops; hut Siafe in the t nion, has from the earliest i„ be accomplished ?—whether the Public when a -ml is r-tider d of the U*st |io!i.Mble period of her history, exhibited a more ar- treasure shall be exclusively employed, or coistiiuucn ;in.l teMure, with regard to its dent devotion toliheity.or ready obedience adequate aid e.xtended to incorporated com- rarlliv Paits, its f. itilitv n.ov beconsideied , to the laws. I regret that the conviction panics? are enquiries which havx rcceivcd ,!s p.Tmaiientiv cstubii-lied'. It becomes ^ is forced ujion me, that her early love ol the an.xu.us consideration of the Board, and o'lpahle of ati’iactiiig a large p^.rtien of treedom, and immense .sacrificcs fcr its at-! will be submitted for your determiuation.— vK.'i'etahU iK.unshm'ml from the atmosphere, tainment nr;d pieservation, have not met My own opinion is, that the great channels •ind ..fpro.lucii.-T Its cr ps w ith cumparative- > w uh the comparative consideration and re- of mtcr-communication, in which the whole j ward to wliii h they were so justly oiititifd. community is interested, and which, for that Iv little klior and t(» I the liea|w 1 Occasion to call xour attention to the sub- be, to incorporate companies in every see the »,round f.itheroli has ht.le or none,,, progress of t!ie ses.sion. The tion of the Slate where they may be neces- si ttlement of our rt volutioiiary claims for sary; and to subscribe for a unitbrm por- ihis IS mi'-erahitJ nmnagemeiit. It should, however, Iki remomliered, that • fr„m their borders, and f.isten them their subscriptions. (»ods may be overcharged with co(ii|m>ts. Individu'dls will rarciv . I \ t A ■ ceivc(j ronipurulivt*l\ o.*w w — - — Its inoiaturt'; and too much ni j „*iure to which 1 have alluded, I fear it is those who recommend it to public patron to protluce t.Ki raiiii a growth. Kaw Dam-, Ciovernient has age, are willing to test the corrcctncs.s of dong may. however, be biirieil plentituliy inatt.-ntive to all lh;.t concerns tho their opinions b\ trusting their own capital antnges is uiucli inoie «tl'icacious lo the grow’ing plants, wiien l.-jiii m the diilU where they art* (Innted, Ihan when mixed coneruilv with the aoil: but as this rf(4Uires much mure labor and exiH'iis*. and as the ground liecomes hardened by cartmgou the manure. It is d.mlitful whether much is, in goucral, gamed by tlic i)ractu e. A gentleman of great notoriety, and who tincw |Mis.sesscd gr(*at wealth, is now, and pcnsep of the (I'ciK'ral Assembly have or- exclusive public funJ. If it shall be con- dinarily exceedad tho aggregate expendi- siden*d advisable that the public shall ulti- turcs of all the other departmen’s of the mntely own any particular work of thid Ciovernnit'nl, united t.> Ihe appropriations character, it may be mado a condition, in which have been m.ide, fir the pe.rjKises of the charter, that the State may at any time^ Internal Improvement. 'I’hat govcrnmont rcsnme the franchise, upon the payment oi cannot lie w ise|\ administered, w here those a stipulated sum to the stockholders, who direct the ox|>enditure of the public 'Die lleport of the President and Direc- trea'ure, rcceive more for this service than tors of the Literary Fund which will be the amount of llieir disbursements. Let siibmitled to your considomtion at an early mo not he regarded ns msislini: tliat tho day, will shew tlic result, so far as it has .,f some inlere-t, that Ins creditor, who is a .iiiin of slill greater notoriety, is conlined iipoii siindrv gn at dclits in tiie next rooni of tl'.o same piison- -X \ • .Av.r. nf ( .vi. of cnterinu upim a svstiMii of legisl.it re- tiv) .MnHil, to justdy onr i i.tenng upon any ouired hv the waiil's of vHir constitiieMts, -eneial system ol education. Inik-ed, weie commensurate with their re.sonrces, and thistund much larger, it may well lie doubt- worthv the confidetiee wiii.'h they r-cd whrther the p'rwd has yet arrivou,

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