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4lOVt!) (UrOlUKl (Idlulg.!
WEDNESDAY, March 3.1'
S r W I I.I.I t, Vt TII"W TMIN. Ktq.. i cur
rsnl in B i 'I nn-irs. a'i, 'mrir. (I In nMmn niirrrltw
munis - ml .uhw.-ripi ion, .itiri to grant receipn.
7"K - CMii! K.q . i. mir C HI II. rilllil.tf'l-
p'i. I, t'lih ir'r-i in iMimi arU-rri is., mpnu ti.d j.ro.
CI-- till' r i,il in 1. 1..
1TV H '' A I . V K If i nnr mil nr inl ai-i l In re
ci ive dv-ii ifc.Mi-t ni- mirt fnt'-rriitiiu. e at his , (fief
in B.i-fdn fii Ynrs u.l I'hi! -hdihis
'R Hi Il-l'liK-
wiLLinM n. uiuumrar
OK ViiTH-t AKnl.l.NA.
bo -1-in tr im the healing of
Pi- r '-:'
t w hive .-iiith oiz "1 Po-tina-frs
y'n r t i :n t :i-i..ir a .-lit- in r- oi ing
r- I- .'j tin - r-iil.-i-i ipti Hi to the North
ima hig. Tl.i- i.rr lngeim lit will he
it i ( i Inn-. St t j ii-.r l .trou-an 1 our
a ii .
C . r
selves, ami deprive th, nt, and others who
iii y wi h t.i -uh-erihe t- the Whig, of ev e
r.' po--ibl( i Xi u-i- in n gar i to j aviiit i.t.s
Mil suii-crip:i in
v ir us with prop
-. If lVi-t:na.-l.-r will fa
r att-nti n 1 1 this I ii-iiii-s
y wi i ii
1. 1 i.ke :
r rh-mk-s but
o i o;
th r resf
. ,r gnv-rep..-e
c i . . i '. v v i - a
u t j th red eiin.
the f.,u!i latioii of
e.i ::;!ry ifsy.-d
t- ': p 'l.i.e
r .". Las
he had k-s-the
, or th? ma
i -I ii
i. best t.llsi
: urn Ci., f
, to embroil
t :r are
. ' .eai-ii a
j giory ti.e
fa.e i!at: -ii-
:. . r.-ii-he
g J aiilc
r r; ,
in" t ! ! re
i:it. ti.. v,.
1 . built
i : i"
''. 1 .-.-
r i - r
f . tne I'.
t. m :
:- at- j
t . I
r term ,
I. o. r ;
t , the I
;iie! t .
. - U1--
i ff i,
r . ,.
canvass of this Summer will determine the I
relative strength of the two great political
V" ln onn 1 arol,na - ,ocal 1ttM-
Hons, wiiicn may no pctueu ncreaiicr, ougui
not to be permitted to disturb the harmony
of more important interest. Surry is pretty
equally divided between the old parties, but
WiUes and Iredell have large whig majori
ties, and we warn our friends of those coun
ties to beware how they play their bauds.
'Auditor," will be attended to ne.t week.
(L o mmunt cat i o ns .
JOR THE NORTH CAROLINA Willd.
A Rare Visitor.
THE GOLDEN E AG LE, ( Faho chnistrtos.)
A short time since a pair of this species
of Eagle paid a visit to the upper part of
Mecklenburg couiitv, iu the vicinity of Da-
I vidson College. It is but seldom this noble
I bird strays ihto the Southern States. Their
I advent in that quiet neighborhood was hail
I ed with delight; and their sojouru would
j have been peculiarly agreeable had their
! visit been attended with no predatory aJ-
j ventures. Put unfortunately their pruitr
j .,...' to tittwk thr mumrit like too many
1 bipods belonuina to the genus homo (man)
! was fi"ii manifested iu killinir several un
' offemiinj; geese. Now", it is clearly cidetit,
i Lad their captures been confined to rabbits,
. .irri 1.- and other wild game all would
j have been well ; but, as miiiht be readily
our ! supposed, this exhibition of their prowess
could not be ! 'iiir borne by the suhenns in
habitants, ('lie of the.-e ea.'les, I have been
credibly informed, was shot; and the other
was caught in a lare trap made for the
purpose, baited with a murdered jroo-v, and
inw lieM in uurance vile. 1 Ms latter in
dividual, it was mv irood fortune to se
bout two weeks since, atlSeattv s Ford, and
now in posses-ion of Dr. V. J. Have
lie sat in- eotiSiiemeiit,
ie sat in-eotinnemeiit, perelieu on a pole
r.-,n ,.! , ,h . 1 . ,,., I l.r.,, i
1 .,. o. i ; rt ..... 1
U'HIIIIV IIIIIC lll.ljl.-ll "-'I .IJ'J'lrtl-
anee, his lofty demeanor, his piercing looks,
and formidable exhibitions of bill and claws.
Ai.d although Jiiifi'tii.-ii'.i..s is a prominent
trait tf the cable's cliarocti-r, yet, in his
eoui.teliatiee is uerirt'-d o'i ft ss nt .('ci'-
..(. It j
held in th
m t surpn-ing that this turd was
highest est:-ein by the ancients I
on account of
his conrcur and liriiin.
liomans.it is well known, chose
the eagle as
the elnblelii of their imperial I
standard, rroiu it-
, , . ... , i
lotty, soaring Hi
fabled to have communion with Heaven,
was regarded as a fit messenger of Jove. I
in fir the
is sai l, have a particular I
feathers of this bird, with !
whn h ttiev siiper-titiouslv plume arrows.
conceive J to 1-e invincible. ISy several
tribes of our W estt-rn Indians this sneeies
i, al-o hi -hl v ven, rated as the War Eairle.
.... . - . . , .. '
the tail teatuers are lreuuehtly Used tor ,
l-dreses. and a sacred decorations for i ou n -' -"tu - cbrnary, Isaac hrwiu Jv-q., u e ari. partorgauined if we ran gi t
Pipe of Peace. According to Nuttall ! p'e-iding- Ke.-ol'itioi,.-in tavor of Mr. Kerr, I a favorable r.-pjine to a memorial n ,w be
other oruitholo -i-ts. the Golden Ea -de I -"r -.-ovt-ruor, and Fillmore and Graham tor . f,jr,. tl,u California le-i.-lature, to introluce
is more abundant around Hudson s Bay
than in the United States. The lofty moun
tains of New Hampshire afford suitable situ
ations for its en . ( Her their snow-clad
summits he is oceasi-mally seen proudly
This --eies should not be confounded with
tie- paid Eagle, ( l 'ah i, h im,-. j,l,l frorn
wbi, h our national emblem is derived, and
which, surrounded with .-tars, has so fre
quently in-iired our gallant armies with
courage, and led tle m onward to victory.
H bilst the Golden Eagle is more abundant
in high iiortln-ru latitudes, the Paid Eagle
is more frequently found, and takes up its
abode, in temperate climates. In conclu
sion, tie- eagle i- now every where acknowl
edged as the protoUr.e of courage, strength,
iiinjiy and tier.ieiic.-s of attack. And if
any on- should be found so obdurate as to
doubt his capacity for oy iirtrj, we
need only remind him that our nursery
rti vne s
" N. '.v
in that wi-e little bo
Li.glaul Primer,"- lo
la OUt Of
C. L- H.
TIIE NURTII CA11GLINA RAIL ROAD.
Toe art ,
riitg t!.e Road. -,:,t mp!a
v. itii tin; Wiliiiingt.,!, J'.oai'
ie point where it cro--e the Neu-e Riv
er. Put tni-, upon examination, was found
t b- impracticable ; and the -j.irit of the
i W VV 1 s S !
1 to be complied with, Ly
on the bank of the river at
, and f .riuiiig a junction
ngtoii road some tew hun
tb of where it cros-e- the
V , .
-- over ;
w as ai cordingiv -o lo' at.-d.
W ayni-l.orough. Put iu
or -ugh it ii, ne-e.-arv
' ) p a-- over a pueee of low ground, requir
ing a hig'. emhaiik-'ii'iit, whieh would not
liny involve a heavy expense, but would be
r. ii i. red ,e.-y in-ei. are by it.- expo-ure to
the -.etior, ,( ti,.- water- in times of fre-het.-.
itui.t. d a. the bi
id of the. river. th
ndiiig flood in the N'euse woub si t a,
. causing imminent danger to he upjr-ru'-t
ire. It was for tiiU con-ideration
. it tne 1,. at.ou of the Road wan changed
a p i-it:,n requiring a 1 amount of em
tnkiiicnt, and out ,.f r'-ach of the flood-of
: Neu e. P a the de
I .- rvi, : . inn of the
i . i.oe ine oii.er n.o r-, i t., trie v liming.
" R"id -..iiie five or -lx hundred yards
:her r, G ..id-bor jugli than its fir-t'loea-N.
The ( oii-ideratioiis here suggested
ti.init were wo-ighiy, and -ufjieicnt to
ve li.ilijeed the change without r iidering
'iir. eijrs Iial.ie to an in-iiiuatiou ev n
uie! , partiality to Wilmington. We re
t, tie r. t . . t!,e toi. of tin- editorial i;i
N'.-l,iTi,..in. We are per-uaded ti.at
o- ''..'e r 1 1, :t ti a d"-ire to promote the iu-t-
ol the company c ontrolled tie; Piree.
tii' ir ;,eti
iti ; and wh'-n our Ncwbern
ihed into the matter more
t i V Will ,'Otiii; to th.
IMPORTANT TO EVKPYP'iPV.
A in w regulation ha.- been adopted by the
-t Oflo e Ji, ar;in,.!,t in regard to dead
fere. If, ret Tore al! dead '.. .,. woe ,3,
b. ; aninent. and th,,.e ,,ot e
riant I.' I -..j.-. Were .,. i
giilati .ii ti.l, wi,l i, t o. eur i
oe-ireu t:,a! a , tt. r sh
tn. ) -j.artiui.-rit, the
'"'"' the po-ia ...
airj lias to
ti , V il
: i ti. j-.
Jt "to hi; pre-'iveu.
u, m h, d will Li; r,r, -,.r,
Cask of Mr. Thkasiier Mr. Babrisakr
Some papers have been inclined to
suvc Mr. Harringrr, our minister at Madrid,
for his lack of zeal on behalf of Mr. Thrash-
er ana the Cuban prisioners. ow, tne
fact is and I state it on authority that can
not be gainsayed, that Mr. liarritiger, by
his earnest application, obtained the release
of the prisoners before any instructions from
our tiovcn.iiieiit relating to them reached
him. So, also, the pardon and release of
Mr. Thrasher were obtained by Mr. liar
ringer before he received a line from Mr.
Webster on the subject, and before the ar
rival of the special bearer of despatches re
lating to it from the United States.
Mr. Thrasher may be soon expected iu
WHIG MEETING IN CHATHAM.
A Whig meeting was held in Chatham on
Tuesday of February Court. Richard Fau
cett, Esq. w as called to the Chair and John
(J. A. Leach, Esq. appointed Secretary.
Resolutions were adopted appointing dele
gates to the Whig State Convention, to be
held on the -,th Monday of April next; ap
proving the Compromi.-e; recommending
Fillmore mid Graham for the 1'residency
and Vice Presidency ; and declaring "that
we believe our true foreign policy to be, that
which our country lias ever pursued. W hat
Washington earnestly inculcated and time
and experience sanction, we are not willing
to exchange for the dogmas of anj foreigu
emisary, however honored he may be.''
WHIG MEETING IN WAYNE.
A Whig meeting was held in Wayne, on
1", th instant, J. ( . Mocumbe, Jv-q., pre
siding, at which resolutions were uuopted
appointing delegates to the hi j State Con
vention on the ( tli April ; expressing de
wiKoi to the Union ; the Constitution, and
the Compromise ; warmly endorsing the
I nomination of Fillmore and Graham ; and
reeoinmemiiug n District Convention to lie
s j held at Greenville, ou the 5th of May next.
nr i n1 niiniosi- 01 nr'iioi ill i-r
, , 1 "
lanu aneriiaiei to represem tne
present the l'istriet in
the National H hi
WHIG METTING IN Mi HOWELL.
A meeting uf the Whig of McDowell was
held on the -Mil January, Jes.-e liurgin
E-ii , i re.-idiiig : at which resolutions were
adopted to appoint delegates to attend the
hig State l oiiv eiition. fxt.ressii.L- a r.ref-
erenee tor John Kerr, hii., tor doveriior
ai i.r.n in.T tl,,. i,.,i,iii,:iti,,ii f l iiliuor.. ami
l.rahinii. and nnnoiiitin-r il.-l. irur,.. in n 111..
' i i - -
tru t Convention to be held ot Ashev ille, for
the purpose of appointing a del
hig .National Convention. 1
ate to the
a, addres.st.l by Dr. John L. Ervvin, Col.
J,,tu Paxtcr, 1. II. Caldwell, and U. W.
LaxUr, i.:qr.s. J'j.
WHIG MEETING IN CLEVELAND.
1 I. - ,1. . I I...
tug uict-mig ucm iu vie.vtauu,
i resident and ice 1 resident, were adopt- 0r domestics and our s-utheru cu'ti. ution
cd. Also appointing vielegutes to the State . indi cd our colour, pro'eeted by a gov ern
and District Convention, ihc meeting was !llf.llt f ,T(.(.t might be the means'ol ojn inn.'
addressed by G. W. liaxter, E.j. ii. j a Kag0n road lo the li a 1 waun of tiie 11,-d
ot.vtn.u fuju A.N uri'tti vt.
CLIN ED. j
The New Irleans Jjri-t, a Democratic .
paper, refers to a tact of whicii it says it
lias been some time cognizant, that General
-cott when in tne city ot .Viexii.o, alter its
capture, waa ottered by se veral ol ttie Wealth
iest citizens of the .Uxieau republic to bo
made President of that country ; aud as an
inducement to tl.c otter, they bouud them
selves to settle upon him tne .sum of one
million of dollars, "lhe splendid otier,
says the Iji-llu , "waa ,-keiiiic.d by the Gen
eral, with scarcely a moment ., considera
tion. ' The bravo old soldier could not be
tempted by such inducements to abandon
the flag under which he had achieved so
much renown and honor. ii'jiii'jw:.
KOSSUTH INDIGMANT 1
" Put money in thy purse. Follow these
wars I I say, put money in thy pur-e! '
T he Pittsburg " Chronicle' says that the
Kossuth festival yielded 8-,""0 that the
committee deducted $ I, otto1 for t-xpeiuies
and tendered K. the balance, which he in-
' dignanth reje. ted. He b fl for Cleveland
I without the money, and a committee of uc- :
i . . .. . .... i . . .,
i sit .um.! iiicu ran aner nun to accept tne
! S-.'mo j but the Magyar was deaf to their ,
St ti-lvlv; the Ohio Hivkr with
V.-iuit. A I . t ut if jii is i Un; the
J't.iiiisylvaiioi L, gisbjtUK.- p-'pi' '.-ting tiif
;iii-ii.bi'i s ui (.'iiiigrtiss from tne- Slot,.- tu
ulitillli such C'i i r I g I fsMili;iJ ,K tu ;is u ill
pruiiiDtc lie-:iiiiji;iu!i til liii-plon tv ha h
ii, is lii .'.n .-uliiintl' ij tu 'oiiL'rcs.s bv
(.'h:irl. s Kill t, jr., tor siif)ilyirigiln').liiu
nvtr wish vvniir rluritig jx-riftds ol
drought, bv iii'-iiiis tit" ri si rvoiis to b-(.oii-lMJoIt.-rl
iijK11 tlie- tribute ri( s lliiroof.
RETALIATION OK S. CAIiOLINA.
As a means of retaliation for the impris
onment of colored seamen iu South Caroli
na, the Nas-aij Guardian recommends that
the Panama Legislature, and all the colo-
lii's( -holild pass act. for '" IVmt hi;
pre -i-ely in similar words ail ini'ives of
Sooth Carolina, and of any State or coun
try ps-Sng -neb acts, who may land or be
driven to their jie-ts in distre-a.
LoI Isvh.lk, Feb. 13. I
hintui - a nrf thr ftii i,i:i. The whig
citizen? of Padueah, and several of the ad
joining ie !-, in general Convention on i
H'ed ne-day la-t, adopted resolutions dee.,r- '
ing the ,-etiiiiiiei.t of tiiat portion of the j
Mai--, in favor of .( ,hn J. Criitenden, as the j
whig candidate for the Prc-idrnrv. 'lhe1
Convention was attended by neaily 4i'Jdel-egaV.-s.
U ,, A '
1. V' t,
i iii, lot' IV
Si lit l!i ii
' 'I llV til''
ii ji' "j 'lo- r-'-'i--li
J.' llllj' l t, , to
I liji'iii Kngi.m'i.
Luii a fie
A sy In m
in tne city '
,ed by lire
i i lh in-t.
ly bo I. "I.
IV 11. .1'
everal o'lu i
It . Ui .
-- - i
ACCIDENT ONTHK RAIL HO AD.
Some days sincejtwo hands belongim.; to
Messrs. Turner &
Jones. contractors lor
building the Hail lbad near this place were
1 horiously injured bjanexp
injr preparations fol a bla.-i
iilo.ion while mak-
st one lo. iug his I
left eve. as is feare , and the other the lit-
tie finter of his leibhaud. The fact-i iu this
case are given as aKvaining to other opera-
lois. - a lie iiiuiu i.i. .v...-.-. -
fuse was lighted, lt went out without niak-
l l: : ev i,.,:
. . r. .i.:.;;. ' ..r w...r.r
uicy nn.uuu ,er.....
in the hole, mid th! swabl n.g eominei.ced ;
but finding the hoi. not deep enough, they
undertook to wni it deeper with an iron
una ana sieugc-uiiini'ci : uujr uumiiiK
l -ll 1 1 1 . 1 l.rt., .....
the drill ami the
and the other striking. 1 wo or
three blows only were struck when an ex
plosion took place, blowing the dun out
The Blind Pepartnent in the N. C. Insti
tution for the Deaf aid lnmb and the liliud,
having coiniiicncedoperatioiis in July last
under favorable uusiices, the friends of that j
aftiieted class ariyxiiccted to exert them- :
selves in evercS3of the State to bring i
them within reich of its bem tit-i. 'lhere
ore, no doubt, many blind children within
i.i . ...:..
Our uoroers, Jl guou cujincny nii'i puunu
health, who would be improved beyond the
most sauguint expectations of their neigh
bors, if they 'ould be brought early under
instruction, aid be allowed to enjoy those
advantages wiich a wise and bountiful le
gislation will -oi.tinue to provid,; for them.
Put in order ,o effect this trulv benevolei.t
ohject some Attle activity is requisite on tne
part of ttuoe who desire its smcess. I lie
blind must be sought out ami enlightened
as to the possibility of tin irbein educated,
and the in-reascd enjoymeiit and usefulness
which ma1 result from nu ntal culture and
the acqui ition of knowledge. It 'lir.-s
effort; bit surely there can be no m-csity
to uree the benevolent to excrti n in a
.aii.-.e "hieli aiipeala direitly to the fine.-t
feelings of the human heart. A statement
of the case is all that is wanting to awakiu
the att-ntion and ciui-t the -vmpatbie- of
' all good citineu- and chri-tum
M0.1E SLAVES Foil CALIFORNIA.
Cd. James (lail-dei; of Siuth Carolina
writts to the hrevt port (La.) Gazette that
a colony of Hunters is organizing in Seiith
Carilina. He says that if the California
Legislature re-pond- favorably to the memo
rial of the propo-ed colony, asking leave to
settle there with tkeir slaves, tiny will be
seen with some "dHj to "t'o dome-tie-, with
JOll to ollt) axes, Ofeliiug the highway to the
cultivation and civilization tt the shores of
the t'aeilie. Ill- Ittter says :
Pi - er. jijid from th, D'e to tl.c I'a-n del oi te.
; n ito i A si ,Zt y v j u iu.- i at inc.
) liis route lias long ittniLted my attention
is the most praeticade to California ; and,
although somewhat Hivani ed, tin; vi or and
energies of manhood would be renewed on
an , xpeditioii so exeting .ncl so full of hope.
Would you, lit your onvenience, advi-e me
of the accessibility b; steam to Shreveport,
or to the highest poiu on U. d River, and an
account of the charat. r of the country in
teriorly up the sourCs of that stream, and
from thence to the Pso .K 1 Norte; It ap
pears to me that by hi, ping within lhe val
ley, many of the diScultm of a land pas
sage west would be removed ; and, Irom
the sources of the Rd River, cros-ing the
ilevations widen dide the waters of the
Missi-sippi from the P-o (iraude, we might
fall upon some tributtry of the latter had
ing us into in vall.y
" Now, if in coniiertiou with your canvas.,
ing of the parishes m l di-lri, t, of the ad
jacent interested Siaj you could urge on
Congress the organriiig of a rorp- of engi
neers, under adequair- military force for pro
tection, and tender tie same protection to a
colony such as I pripo--, with a condition
that as a return fort hi- Motection. suner-
ably tt sist. m e, the cthcicnt
t i- i 1 1 i.i
ioree oi me colony noiil'l ne einpioy,
making and cpcnitij a road for teams
wagons, there woubi be no difficulty in the
organizing of such al expedition, while the
' prot-ctio.-i tendered light be a stimulant.
' A small advanced minute,) corps eould pro
J cce'l ahead with the'rtiL'iiiccr examine and
j spy out tin- i'jtrleacjs of the country, and
' mark avenues, whicl will be opened I v the
't axe men of the agjeiihuri-ts who follow,
j under tiie protection of an armed force."
! CAPT. LONG iND KOSSUTH.
The National Iiifi'ligeneer has a letter
! from ('apt. Long to llr. Smith, of Alabama,
'Xplaliiing the difiii.oy with Kossuth while
th- steamer Missisiw,i was off M.ir-eilles.
'It is a complete vili l'.-ntioli of the Captain.
Tin: orders he had received from Cuiiiino
; (lore Morgan were 'try explicit and em-
phatie with regard o avoiding nny thing !
; which would tend tt compromi- our flag
. with friendly natjt:f iu who-e port' be 1
I might happi-n to ho. I Hi- eonduet towards
Kos-uth was ( ritirfd, corn et and gentle- ;
maiily, while faithful to bis in -'ruction.
lb- corroborates the tatement with regard j
i to Kossuth's di-satisfi tion, and bis ultimate I
xpr- I ,ri t sati-faiion when f,e nnt ire
t iiptain long s diiics were explained to
A MOP AT f'LEiVELAND,
''l.K.W l.l..s i, G.( Fl.liKI All ,
are l ow m the gn at. -
exeltemeijt 'I coll eq ,ei
li-COV el y " : iiw Ie IUI . 1.
i o - ol
v eral -ui.'f, t . tin- i
m ad iio'ii' I le v S'ii'. lo.iiid near the
I loii.'cojiaf hie f 'oil. gt.. A g-ei,tleno'iu j.re.-
lilt reeogni-ed a Ii. o u g t he 11 1 tlie Co! J. i ol a
daiighier oi hi,-, who Lad oied a -bol t tniii
j.reviou,-. T lie abirui b lls in the town were
immediately rung; jiid at the moment I
writ,; a mo-t int'inattA mob i- urrouii,.iu
and o'c-t roving the iikiio
'lhe Iniiitaiy ha'.e bcn cal
lire now man hiiig to ije
ll i. ;
'iliii riot i-
the hole aud taking sun n uie nine unger , ns0 ,,.,0,, tbe pi-un about halt a mile apart, lirov,.rb in , i. .', vi..ri.,n , u , r V 1 1 , J. ' " 1 3
of the boy who held it. The eye.of the o.h- I curving gently forward, somewhat in the , 1 Xrim f I . , , . I h' nrtillerv t,,e K,,oul" "f lh" 1 "h l'r,'f,w-
er was injuied by . gravrl which seems to I forlll J f paivmuesis. On the summit of Tl f , Ur0U8 "''uw lUM .
have sunk into the ball I one 0f tho-e sb-nes rested the French, and Tu Hf f .'V? "'"i reserved for the State of 01m,,
This accident U ..iucrely to be regretted, 0 tllu oth,r tilB Engli..,, and the allies. The Z" . . , " however, to out-trip the Hal.imore Kims.hI,
as we lean, that Mesr-Turner & Jones con- English po -ition rented upon three strong , ,'t W ' ? $ i,M 1,1 t,,,! MMnt f U" ir Wu,"tr- ' '!
sidered these their n.-t trusty hands. of' Htt,iporl, whieh may be properly I IjV1 " l ection shall 1 open irofun,U,y f their prostration. In evidence
llilro,kk Yuro. i',r. .Mvd frts 11 : ,mI.4,,ot,an old tJ- j J'"",. ,c' ' ' rr " of which we place before our readers ,!,
' i .i , ii C . . 1 W1" 1101 allow it: it is not the business ot f ii .,i.i;i;,, l... iV,,, uiii,;,, v,..,,
Correspondence ol the Com. Advertiser.
THE FIELD OF WATERLOO.
1 he buttle ot N aterloo toon pinec on cum-
. . ... . . . i i a
day, the 1-th June, 1-15. The French'
f.,r,.,, ..onL-teil at' nrobablv about ,.00T
and the Lui'li-h force unl not exceeJ
I .. . ' ,
; 'i i. ten,!,,., which had raged with so
luu(.u violouee during the night did not abate
Iltii 1110riiing. 'lhe rain descended in
iui leiil-, suLcucouu us iiie iiiui iiiii uu wnvvu
,y tt Uiizziug thower. In the early part of
1 . 1 n; :r : .r: , ,
? V : . . :
,or resi. uunni ui ie lucncu ,,.s ,c. i UL-.
the lalIll ot CuiiioU) aLout ,ive miles distant.
u,ld wla.rcthe great action was ought
U an oiicn. undulatini: idaiu, and on the day
h, (Uestion was covcreu wiin siuenoui croim
. '.1 1 1! 1 .
: .. i ..i:,i
I 0f rve. wheat, barlcv. clover and oats ; some
I 0f rj0) wheat, barley, clover and oats ; some
of the grain was oT great height. Two slight-
ly elevated semi-ciicular ri.lgcs or slopes
house, and the hamlet of Mout St. Jean it
self, coinpo-ed of buildings of stone. '1 Lis
po-ition was admirably strengthened by art,
and here the lhike of Wellington determin
ed to maintain his defence, until the arrival
of the Prussians. The French had no sup
ports of this nature to fall back upon ; the
'ground occupied by them, although undula
. tin". w:is unite clear nnil onen. Between 9
d , tll(, 1)uk(, t,d a) tll0 lill0 oils
command and was loudly cheered. He was
dre.-sed iu his usual co.-tume ; white buck
skin pantaloons, Hessian boots and tassels,
blue Irock coat with short cloak of the same
color, white cravat and sword, plain, low
cocked hat without plume or ornament, to
whieh was attached the large black toek-idc
of lliitain, with three smaller ones of Spain,
i'ortu;;.,i ,( Netherlam
In his right
hu, lt. cnrried u long tel
lescopc draw u out
ior ready use.
About the same time, Napoleon rode forth
to review the French line. He was iimuiit-
en on a uanpieu nurse ami wore grey sur
. . ... f - . .
tout, with a tree u uniform coat uuu a violet-
colored wai lcoat and pantaloons of the
same ; and as he pas-ed along the ranks,
was saluted with shouts of enthusiasm.
A few minutes alter eleven, the action
cuiiiinei.coi by a vigorous attack on Hougo
uiont by a bod v of r.' ,iilil l liglu troops under
I run e .leroiuc. l us auacK, aiiinMieu nmiu
. , , . . . ..
II I c, ' 1. . I.I . I. -
taineii ai aureauiui sacrince oi uie, wa-uoi
productive or any decided result. Mont St.
Jean and La Have Sainto. were then assail
ed with great iinpetiio-ity, ami the battle be
came general along the entire line. The
French gained po-se--ion ot La Have Saint.
and retained this po t lor some time, till
they Were at last diiveti out ot it by shells.
Cavalry charges were then made against tbe
Jiritish squares, but at length abandoned by
the French with great loss. It was now
seven o clock, and the action la-ted for eight
hours. Napoleon had not coiiqu, red, nor
h id he bi en defeated : meanwhile thr Prus
sian had arrived in great -treu tl., aud
were preparing to take a signal part in the
parte ,!, termiin d to bring up hi- re-enc, the
old guard, and to torm it iu tw o columns
under his oan eye, m ar the bottom of the
dtclivity ot La I'm lb: Alliance, and put f .rth
. , - .1 r.. 1 -a . recover t,i
sitiking lortuncs. Ney led the charge ; it
failed, and Waterloo was lost.
Iu this gnat battle the French had l
guns on the field, the Eggli-h ."t;f and the
Piu-'iaiis 101 j making a total of .too. The
noise ot these pieces exceeded everything
of tlie kind the olde-t sobiiers bad ever heard
and made the very earth to shake for miles
around the (j Id. Alter the action the gun- :
ner.i eould hear nothing that win said to
tliem. The guide poiiited out a spot where,
during the beat of the tiring, on, ot tin- pow
der luml ril-t exploded, threw the artillery
men into the air, and shook the bor-cs to '
piece.-. 1 he echoi a of the cannonade of this
awful battle arc said to have been beard on !
the Southern borders of the Priti-h toa-t i
Upwards of ."ill.O .ll men f"!i in the strife : I
Ji ,'ui-i on the side of tin- Miies, and itiniMi '
on the French. i he lo-ses of this day put
Europe iu mo jniiiig. England and France '
wept like mothers together. A v i itor, who '
pas.-ed over the field on the following day,!
states that aa he approached it, the fir-t
thing that struck him at a di-tanee was the
quantity of capa atid bats strewed over the 1
ground. It appeared as il it had been cov
ered with crow .. 'I he field it-elf seem flood
ed with blood. The number of dead horses
aud men baffled computation. The peasant
ry employed in burying the dead generally
-tripped the bodies lir.-t and thereby gained
vast booty. The track over which the guard
moved, and over which th'-y tied, was still
covered with their spoil, and marked bvthe
trace- of hor-es, the wheels of cannon and
the deeper furrows of bombs and shells. A
thousand French lay dea l on this spot, and
the quantity of hol-ter-, standard holders,
bridb s, straps and girths denoted a fearful
coiirti, t of cavalry. 'T he ground (teemed
quite cut to pieces with the struggling of the
hor-es fe, i he well know n caps of the
grenadiers of the French guard lay yet in
c oti-i.lerabb; numbers, with the rags of the
unitornis, iind pieces of tai tan, and black os
trich feathers, the plaids and plumes of Scot
laud. A peasant told me that he was at Water
loo ou the battle-day ; be was then only IT,
and at that time as a servant it t the farm
of La Have Saint)
and that him-elf and
three f. l"' -erve'it
wer.; bu-y all day iu
making lint lor t'.e wounded. lie atti rwards
a si -ted in burying the slain, and was en
gaei) one week in putting them in their
In I'lUs-cls all the rope walks, convent.
and barracks hi ides many joivati houses,
were converted into lio-j.itals for the wound
ed, and beds, bandages, lint and crutches,
were iii hi.li demand. 1 a-k' d an old Ji, 1
gian j.by-i, i tu to de.-cribe the scenes that
j.a--e.i iindi r his joole.-ional ob-crv ation iu
tne e p,a e and he shook Ins head iiud an
sw, re. I tnat tuey Were too heart reii'lingtor
0'. -I .'I Ij.li III.
I euqniied ,d a veteran warrior what he
tiio.ljit ol thebatlle; he rejilled thlltltiVils
I it 1 1 t i ii . j i , i . 1 1 1 - ou cal th.
Win i'i vi i ti,,: -tiilc raged, tiie grain Was
i...t. only tiodu
ly ti'.u.ieii down but beaten into clay.
A In. bland ,-earg
tie: ba ket-bllt ol hi
he eoiud not get his
lit I, It the ranks with
sword so brui -ed that
Hind out of it until re-
: lieieu by a blacksmith
and one of the pin-
; , ii ii "li e, i s r, -eeived g I
N i' o i on took lor hi
.'uide, on the mom.
ti. o, ii,. I.ailii , H, t o t. r.
1- ieini- h peas.
ie., ion,., a very tiinni ur.iu, f:oj,t
ii i, in .own in- h, ad upon horse as the
I i. !.- '. hi t, euo.tr him, jiptttiiig every mo
in i.t tt Ie: kti.eu. the l'u.Jn. ror obsOiiiff
" .... 1 1 . vi i v iiii; nuuiu i iiu.-! lfh.7ct.v4 lutvy u . .... i . i...... n iKiiiiiiniii.iv it it.iii i
i-n castie, i.a nave online, a none laiui-
yourself up, PeCoster ', when y ou hear the
cannon balls, they are far off from you :
when hull conies to kill vou. vouare dead
. " - ' "
b..roro vou l,ear it
s coou as tho action began, the inhabi
cn ,, Mi s;i .1..,,,, ,.,! V.
inula ui umiuuiiivi', . v. u.., ......
fl.i tl, ti. force 0f a.uinies. where
, ,i ',.,;,i ,.f;i tl, fnntest uns over
I iiou0,uollt became strongly invested by the
,.iti"i allj M its inmates, with the exeep-
ticuof one old woman, immediately deserted
it. She however, had an idea that somebody
'; to ec.? i,ou,tr
anuresolveu to tarry tur tliat purpose i ail
CIltrt.utv to the contrary notwithstanding.
. vVluMJ ,he canlI0liade boMlllo ,uli,JUS silt, be.
cumo cxcet,dill , aIurlllud aild UcH!elljed
ti.. ,:..,.. .,n ..i i. ...i
. -i . v...
. .,i i , i,..i( nj ..n..;!,!
., ... '.. . 1 ., , -' . , ,
I tj tU(J dall,,
j crt.nturc jj j
1 K,ll:,.:,111irt f.
r wus iiu-l. j ins iiiuuiui um
d only a short time ago, and her
solicitude for the poultry has passed into a
commanders to tire upon each other."
Some years after the battle several car
goes of bones were collected from the field,
train poited to the sea coast, and slipped
...... . --.""-. '-
ii neu mo ti, lings oi tills great victory
reached England, thousands of people were
impelled to yisit the place where it bad been
so dearly purchased. A trip to Waterloo
was then considered paramount to every
other undertaking. The enthusiasm that
animated mauy of the visitors deserves to be
noted ; it k-d one to carry off a brick from
the house of La Alliance, and another to pur-
chase the door of the mau-ion for two gold
Napoleons. Cros.sc of the Legion of Hull-
or were in great request, and even tlio-e of
an ordinary description Commanded eight
dollars a piece. The peasants gathered the
spoils and sold them t very high prices.
i-itors to llougoiiioiit brought peaches, and
sought tor haiel nuts and filberts in the gar-
den, with the pious purpose of planting thein
..i..... .i..... t .. i.-. i.i .i ..i
- ; , , ., . ' . , , ,,
i trees spnn. iug from th in might remind t.ieiu
; .. ., , ., . " , , ,
..imu me, ii'iuiiii'ii to i.iigiaiiu, Miai l ue
and their po-terity of this remarkable spot,
DeCo-ter, the guide, for a long time was o-
vcrwlicimeil With iisitors. who came to hear
bis simple story, and he was obliged to a
bandon his ordinary occupation tor some
time to attend to them. This was the guide
that Sir Walter Scott saw when he vi ited
- , - ,.
. i tins tuemoruld
field. DeCuster is no long-
er numbered among the living. Scott went
upon the ground accompanied by a party of
trieiids; but he soon h it tin in and rode off
" suncj i uc scene aioue ami commune wun
his own thoughts.
n the iir-t of letobcr, 1 - J , the Duke of
Wellington visited the held withGeorge IV.,
and iu !:(., ,e i-.it-! and rode over it with
It it old war-horse "Copenhagen.''
Tin- mott. upon the coutof-artus of the
duke is too siguitieant for omission it rea ls
thus; KitTtTls roiiTLvv iiMEs luiluiir
M thr ( hmp,niw of irtur.
The honors and emoluments awarded to
Wellington, both by his own and o'lnrGov-
eminent.-, tor hit military success ontheemi-
tiiient, have scarcely a parallel in ancient or
modi-rn bi-tory. T hey would require a vol-
lime to be even briefly rnuinrat-d. The
principal pecuniary grants are at. follows:
U-r r , I a A tfrtt from Par-
. Um, ut "r S .,)--)
.tun: .y-i j ,io, ,lo. '.',iMHlotl
ouiy, n, i-i.) do do. l'.IMKMIt)
been a bold, ill-
liliieher appears to hav
dclatigatdc and impetuous old soldier, with
pui .cietioe or education. hen at Oxford,
in l-l l ulil. ll... t' . I L-:. .1
... . ,.,1 in.r ,.ii,,.-,oi, a,,,, naig., tne
I nnce Kegent, and the Duke of H clliiigl ui,
In- r, ceivtoj an intimation that the Leads of
he University int. nd, d to outer upon bin,
the dignity ot a li, t;, , p:,,, 1,-r, who n,
er (I reamed of becoming one ot the 1, aria-d,
could not refrain from laughto, and jocu
larly remarked, " Well, if I um to be a Doc
tor, they eanmit do less than make Grcise
iiiiu (the thief of bin staff) an apothecary,
for we both work together ; and it i - he w fi ,
has to make tin- pill, winch I am in tne hab
it of administering. '' lilm h r did iwt long
survive the dose of the war he died in
l-ll), at Kriiuwilz, at the advanced o 'e of
'lhe evening of the Fr.-m h n tr. at from
the tiebl of Waterloo w a. bright moon'i.bt,
and the task ot following up the victory de
volved entirely up-ui the Pru--ian-, who re
mained ail night in the saddle, and unproved
every opportunity tocomph to the (,n,ii over
throw ot the vanquished Napoleon At lie
nappe they took his carriage j he Lad ju-t
left it to mount on horseback, and in hi.
hurry had forgotten Lis sword and hat.
LATE FOIiKIGN NEWS.
i lie t,.v..lt. I, rings Liverpool dat'
the .jM January.
Cottii-.. Cotton had advanced J to Id.
Sales of the week rndintr :fl st January, fi!',
IKMI. Fair Orleans ,'iil ; Middling 4 j ,J -Upland,
f.iir .Id ; Middling tj,. jlcmittid
good .unl freely lin t by holders. Specula
tor took lli,Hilti baits; ihilill were bought
I K .NTK.
The internal condition of France . great
ly agitated by the Orleani-t dio reet, and the
the public reprobation of the-e measures is
as loudly expressed, n the rigid rule of tin:
j reign of terror would permit.
There was a rumor that the decrees would
be modified as submitted to the Senate.
'Ibis however, is contradicted by IjiYulnr.
Prince Jerome Ponajiarto ii aj jioint'd
President of the Senate.
TVo thnusiDt'l additional political Eaib s
will be tratisjiorted to Algeria.
On the -'i tii, the Prcsidi nt (ave a grand
dinner to the English Ambassador, at which
he i xj.ri-ssed great ri'gret at the imj ressiou
which seemed to prevail in England that In
intentions were ho-tile to that country, lie
said he had lived there long enough to ac
quire resjuit for its piojde and iu-titutions,
and that he had many friends- there,
In England nil is quit t. The rumor of
the French invasion was eomjib t I y eilin-giii-hed.
No in ws of tpe ial interest.
We n gr-t to see it stated that TM if) Uni
ted States troop-, volunteers. ,,r Callfori.in
I I j siiiiiin, ie loin o ery riotous-
III ,11,. ,- Ip,.l 1...I... ...I . .
ly at Jaiiiaeia.
'lhe Eiirnpi sailed for Europe on the I -th
williJ;o , ,., j,, sp, (je ; the J'atilic ou the
-I. t with S I ,!, .t. iu specie.
ry Do tell ut why a lady it likfl a ivtigo
driver : P cauic Aw. alwayi likes to uccuri;
From the National Intelligencer.
THE ROAD TO RUIN.
Certainly, were any considerable portion
of the people of the United States alb-el -il
with the contagion of folly which nceins t.j
have attended the progress of M. Kossutl,
from Hnr.isburg to Pill-burgh, in Penusvi.
i i- t:.. 1 I. ... i v.l.... l
vania, Hi"' Iioin i msuurgii u voiiininius, m
ie State ot (lino, tins country might with
rnnvntl .J eollsillcrt'd Oil tllC rottll tl) rilln
0, -ts cjinrattt.r for political w iilom nt Ua t
,,. f(lP ,.,, if not of its nr...'
Vr,, ...a future !,,.
L. ,, thorecepti
I' noli the reception ot M. KosHUth nt the
rooms of the Maryland Institute, in the city
of lia!tiinorc, it will be recollected that e, r
tain lieso.'utiotis, identical with those of tl.
Harriburgers, were moved for adoption by
one of the- Judges of the State, who submit
ted them, as he himself declared at th- rr.
( in .l ui M. KtHUith. .Hid they were almoin,.
ccd to have beeii ulililii.'iiously ttilut.led b
AsMoi-iatioti of the 1'iielids ot Hungary, n
whieh the Governor of tjie State (the 1 1 , i
lU'iihelt Mood) is President, surrounded, ui
discharge of Ins Hungarian fin.; lion-.
i,y a ealaxy of the leading stars of
' ' r
lTIIE IH".nAlMi; J
"The following resolution!! cxrress
leading topics ot the address of Ko-ulh b, -
lure the "State Association of the FricmU
of Hungary," on Saturday evening In-t, and
were o'niu n ( hiuoth jm the li4o nimn ,
at tiimk Kl.tji Ks-r, after hav ing 1 ecu loin.,
uily adopted at th,- sense of the mci ting :
I. lt joiW, T ha t neknoiv ledgiu ; t he .o. .
ercign right of every nation to di-poe o it,
own domestic concern-, and to nUer it- in-
stitutioiis and the form of its Government u,
suiti its own necessities, to be one ot ti..-
fundamental law of nations, aud the arm. i
interference of whatsoever foreign p ., r
with this sovereign right to be n viol.iti .i, ,,f
.i i r , i.
liice laws, we ilo ilt'clii I lie Im-ian n,l. r
vo lition in the ailalrs of Hungary vi I n ; i -i
of the laws of nations, w hi. h, if repeat.-I,
would I e tin ir fie-h v ioiate n, an I !, ml i
not be teoarded with indillcreiire bv tin-
pie ff the I'lilteil
istat'-- ; an i
Utioln of t!,,
till-, the lnor.
becau-e, ' in tie
the people of th
iu H in
- 111! ti e
guae of the r.
(,i ie r i! A
si ii.toy ot I lino) r, co.niie a htm . !. in . .
half of tho-e great principle which uieb r
linethe sti ll, l ire ol the I tovt rnuo i.t ot l!i(
1 mt. ,1 Mates; aud therefore ion.it, r that
an armeil interl, reiiee again t tin in i
in , f.
feet, an iii-ult and all attack upon the do
ted States; alii any harrowing of tlie it
of tho-e principle . a ,.,o-t danger m. w, lik
ening , t the il.tlu, nee and power of the Ui.j.
ted States th, iiielves."
'-.'. lb to'W, That it is the duty of the 1 '.
Iiited Stales to iiiaintain their ri -I t f
roiuiiieri ial intercourse with ail ratinm. w.i-
hng la accept of it, wl tiicr tin y I c ii. j.
Mate of revolution again-! their own gov- r-.-
incut or hot ; and that with view of an -
proothiug m-ci,. s o, the fontli,, m ,,f Eur. p.-.
we do urge upon the General G.,v, rini,, i t t
take .om,- pruii.pt measures for the pi t,
lion of the trade of the United Stat., m tl.
i ;(. It .. ., '1 l..t nektent led -, tl,. U-
gitimate charaet. r of the C ei,.,...', .:, ,,( p,.
,1, (..ndeneeof Haiigarv, i-
! Ill l-l'
Ui t.f Pel.
derlare that th it
deuce ha- 1,-1 nothing , f
on, a, v
in charat I. r by I . ,i,g u.
thrown bv P.ils-ian iiroi
; ! ; I , . .
,. law, . f
i.r . I
ee JI !,,,'
- which was it -If a mM
Was It "It a VI dale.
nations ; and that, ai.xi .
re-torcU to thu Hi in
,i p. i, .;.'!."
ll -lie dutv of tlie I n it.-d t i
iiize it. n pr ei , ,n.b p. t. i.
arli. t c u. . i i-i- i.t opp ot ,i,i! v ."
-"'r-m this -t.,1,111, i,t ot the -o, i:,!i ,i,"
it- lf. it i. pitn.ly appar. i.i that the . .-; '
at the com iu -ion ol hi- - .-ci h b' I r t .
Association , re toii-i b red as an a b pti m
of t he "hading topic.'" of that -p., eb ;
wbil-t, a- if to ,!,., how ill abb they vt, r.;
to dehne the p-.-itioi,, which tl-y had' for.
mally adopt, i," t,. y n - uted t , M Ko--utli
bim-.lf, aiel, ui.ing bin, a blank -le t
of paper. ,eq e t. I, , o t , ,.t-- ,),, ,,
Pv-oiutioii-. Aid of this act of rvibtv t
the pui,o-c of tl, " ',t, r t!. ' rmit of a
new Crusaile,1' n far from iiMiiile.'ing nnv
CUhJollietloli or nil'tru-t, they , f,,
iivt ar I.
and, with tl,,. ! t winning
tin- wh ile -t ,rv id h-i.v to, v i :,
I' it v , t :l
' a I. n . v, !-
i.-var i -
l-dge I, th, ir , cot,, lii-i,,,. !
Ate! -ee With V.lit ; b e the M 1
tilts in the c-i y f ilth ,.: lh- -e wor-l.ij
in in-, an i leiit he plav- vvitii tiiur er.
. . .. 1 : , . I .
. iin-i nc niagliili-. Iiice lii'o, iiition-
. Kil l
the;r pro!e.-i.,ns and hui.is ink,
qu, in e reiiiatkably
, ai lua! iu-i 'iiitieai.c
contrasting with h, ir
and n, j tines. ! ' ),
loi-owiiig an: the clo-ing pnra
Sjieech deilveied by bun hi lo
,, ll- of tie'
the L, -l-
lature ol the Mat. ;
I " ?ir, there are two remarkable coim-i-
di'liees. Mil titttrnf ), in n , , i, M 1 iiulr
.thr hiimr twr. The very year when your
Constitution was framed 1 wasbrn. Mi
iirntr ,., i:lil 1115 In in i if ii Uii lull list
the name of Ohio. it was as if .-ometl
, sllprelill' llliiorl,llire fill lii.lti
Hint nuiiirt t,, which my totiiri
by the very year of my nativity
my nticiialions arc realized.
" 1 he second coin, ideiu'e m,
n Jur nir i i
w. b nun!,
. 'Ibl- day
' is, that the ti
will iu-t reach
tlings f the ,re-ent dny
tt ashliigtoi, citv W hell the , inl.i-s ,,l ll.
United M ites s,t down in judgment 1,1. ' it
the quc-tioii of international law, and pi
tioiince nj.ii your tounliy's (..n-ign j,.-ii, v
Ohio hat .in n its Vote, by the re-oiulo',s
I hud the honor to bear; a nil t ILm i.s m,r
ot thr lirixhlitt l,in nf ), 'r,im. Ohio's
vote is the vote of two millions. It will have
its coii-titutional weight iu tin- count il- w here
the ill legates of the ieo.e s son -reign! y tltld
their glory in doing the pio.j.lcV will.
INTEPES'I l.NG FIlo.M
On the 1th of P. , , inber
, til, hi I I I .
ll uii-o. taking
ater ,oii.,i: ,1
H, ngcr steamer lor A yna b
a iiiiuibcr of toiin ts, a igr
whom were Aineiicans. iti
lowing a fi acas ,, (cul l i d In t
'I six A unl nans, who I,,,!
- !.- I'd
i en a p arty
alio, and a liiiluf ei of iM
nativi s of a su
''urban Mlbe c,.,ile 1 Embai ba, gr.o, i;,g
out of some nlledged Irc-mi-s ,.i, tl... i,:,,! ,,1
11. A -.I..,.. O I
' iiiencans. ,-ouiu u,,2i n
OIIIU lloZlll Sllols I'll
t-xt hanged ami though several went irn
"ed no iivet in re lo-t. The Americin tom -
i-tivero gro-sy Insulted and maltreated,
because they iiitt-ifc-rud in bebalf of lh. ir
people, but their tonduet n as Lornu out iu
.the iiivc .ligation which ijlli,,d.
1 C1. Benton it il Haid is out agaiu-t
i KdiKutU aud iuu.rvci.lioo.