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A. C. WILbiAMSOHjE a.
io Sot), id Jjoti'r Coq.lrtj, i-flD fo ijoqr Sti)j."
T. I. llUL'l GH, I'l-BLISHEII.
charijOtte, ir. o., December 22, isss.
HOLTON & WILLIAMSON,
The Nnrth-f'nroliini Wliijr will be amirui-d
milm-ribcr at TWO IxH.I.AItS in uilvamr, or
J'WO IHII.I.AKS AM) HH V CKNTS if pay.
hi, nt he 1 vi J fnr three months, und T1IH 1:1'.
DUl.LAliS at the end ill' the year.
Ailvi rtis. incuts inserted alOiir I lull , r x rVjunro
i Id Iiih-ii .rlcs, thii silted typ -j for the timl iucr.
la-n, mid 't cent Jitr canit continue nci;. Court ad
vertisement and Sheriff' .Sale i-liargi-il 'J5 per
, ,,i 1, r' mill ii lie ti ml mil (if 'A'.U m r ccllt.'w ill
!,. iii.Ic fmi.. t!n- r-'iMilir price, for advertiser liy
I n- vcir. A'l 'tiM'inrtit iiiserU d imiilhly or
rn-rlv, .a i , r n.u.re m eacii mm. .-sc..,..
ti'lily 75 n ut rr ijuarp li r catli tnni'.
,,, , ...t b. i!,r.-i I.-., t.. II- I .t.lor. And ..II I. t-
..,.! HiKim-.i. f..r Jol Work. r must W direr.
..... . . . .
- ' l l i. ru'dmle r. Ail I ti'-r luum in oi-p..iu
r t!i-f will not be ultendcil In.
J r I'syiiH iit can be inad to cither.
.1 ' Poliiii:tcr rr autliorutd to et ncnit
FOB THE .NOHTtl CAROLINA WUP1.
Kar in diitn.l I mil I roam,
Wiirrr buriiuid inns P"ur f"'th llnnr brln,
Vet tir. 1". f-ny w-uiilerB home
And hil thee in her foiidot rircaim.
Though f.r wiy, hry.nd the hill
That kirt thr ruddy nnp t pkir.,
Snll, ftt.ll thy name wilh rai!u?" nil
My ion.n hcort, sad eagrr rye.
T.toiieh tivtr fii! and roll btirmi,
'Mid foreat ea and inland .!.,
V 1 iltll in m. mory, fr.-h slid rit-ii,
1 iiuld . nib.ili ii.'d thy long-loftt niif-.
in 1 piw ort ven.l. r ski.
eMUr hr;i'lit!, f if Slid hill'
M l iiiik. a 1
I Ley fie,
1 iid tru-.
An 11. M
I ' it riot til a trarkl. ft mil' ;
'JVmje-.., I. "re ofVri fVinnd,
Si ie'ii i n in. ti.ory'a t.ldi I lr.ed,
.:t ki" u liclu tru j'V ati;ui.d.
'fe II la IVI I'll ilia
A 1IKIEF SluUY. II V t V It IwtlT.
Th Me-srs. Herbert kept a very eitcn
i jei !ry e ilablishmeiit in one of our
"arg.r ritica, a ad for the better security of
I., ir store againl fi.e nd other casual lien
t . . Lplnjed one of their clerks to sleep
.:. it at io-lit. 1 In i !e of a store being at
t it ke i l y r .Lb. rs was not for a moment
entertained, but it was for other ol.je. t,
surli an m-runty from fire and the like, that
l.irinsf, the c.-rk slept there, for he was not
.Mijipiied with any weapons to repel au at
tain of thieves.
Hut one dark, dreary night, he was a
wakened by a lingular liob-e which resem
I U .1 that which a party of burelar.i might
fuJueu iu an altem to enU-r the building,
iet looking toward the back windows, he
ion satisfied bitn'elf that one or more per
sons were endeavoring as quietly as pos-i-Lb;
to effect an entrance at that q lart.-r.
liny had already removed a part of tho
i-S'h und shutters with their cunningly de
vi .1 iiisttuments, ami must have been at
ok some time befoie l.e was awakened.
N .w young LoiiiiL' regretted that In had
Ol-, but not through fear that was
i. : a character i-tie of the your.g gentleman
ht thai he inihl pepper th" rogues a
V . St fi. t he tl t rmined loery out and
i . . the wat h : hut as thev bad advanced
-i t ir before he w a awake, he thought he
"- .'I iliive them off by stratag. in ! lie
, , 1 on his cloth, s quietly, and approach
i i iiie -pot wh.-re the thieves were bu-y lie
" the hand of one of them passed inside
tie slnjtt. r int the store, in its owner's en
d.,iirs to guide a small handaw, with
inch he was cutting aa apeiture for bis
h i l y to pass through.
uunit Lorimr fell inclined to ebon off the
nd with a small hateeet that lav loir, I Li-
cut be refrained, and bethought" himself of
a powerful preparation of a caustic vilrol
a , I other p.-uctrating stulfs that were used
in the testing of the purity of silver and
tin r uictabi. One drop of this would cat
instantly into the Bush, and produce a poison-
om sore in ten minutes time, llo cautious-
Iv .IrotMie.l a litil.. on tl. liiin.lnr'M hmiJ
:il awaited the result.
' li.ll ."' nt bo. .oh nT. lnl.iiril liurol.-.r
i . ins oiiir.ido. " I vi' got a burning on the
l e k of my hand. It's o sore I can hardly
'rk this saw. Phew! bow it smarts! 1
gue-s I've cut it with tho saw. Hold the
dsrk lantern here,"
" I inlgi: !'' replied his companion " change
hands, then, but don't stop."
' Taku the saw yourself, then, I cn't
"md (,is pai,,."
And while the discomfited burglar with.
1 w to proan over the (.ui'Dosed cut. the
"tie r took his place with the saw, aud iu a
f''" moments afterwards received a few
'tops of tin: fiery liquid upon the back of his
'al'l. and was" soon Kr.taiiin.il with agony.
'' -this saw 1 it has cut me too, groan
ed lie- si end thief.
And ulter sundry oaths mutually cx-d'-i'e.'iol,
until tl0 lirst and worst attack of
I un M vcr, they renewed the attempt
'" iio.ku an entrance.
I he el permitted tlietll to CO OH awhile
rruptedlv, knowini; that at any mo-
'"' lit he could" Hton Iheir efforts bv crvinc
"'"t but hn hoped lo hear somo watchman
!'-siiij. the front of the r tore, upon whom he
1 'di call to secure the ro;:ues, and he re-
k dyed to wait for this uutil it would do lo
H :' t no longer. Hut soon the burglars had
" much enlarged the hole that they would
"hortly l9 s(j1u to enU,r jt bj themselves.
Veing that ho must do something to atop
'hew, the tlerk crept into thja dark, oloec at,
one d of tho window, and uttered a low
but fierce growl, in imitation of a dog. I$oth
of tho rogues Htepped back at this uucxpec
" Hang it, bill ; there a dog in there.
I didn't know that the Herberts kept one,"
said one to tbc other.
' A dog, that's bad. 'eiu ; If it
wan a uian, a shot or dirk stroke would fix
him ; but a dog is iiiite another thing, for
if we bhoot him ha would be sure to half
kill one of us."
"J5ow, wow, wow!' cried the clerk, with
ail his power, as he isaw them pcrparing to
resume their work.
i'0i,f0uiil the doff " exc aimed both.
".Never mind, go ahead 4iill, and get it
"I-"' , " , , , ,, , fV I
i he burglar addressed a.s lull, thrust his
i. .. . j : ........!.. i . i . .:.
iiunu in once more io rencu ou int.' nisi (iiece
of wood that obstructed their entrance, when
the clerk, havii... already armed himself,
already armed himself
with a ai'gc pair of pinchers, seued the rob-
ber' bands as though in a vice, and at up
uch an outrag-ous barking I bat the whole!""1"'"'"' -"V ' 1 !'
neighborhood was alarmed. jl've ruinous both to our domestic and for-
For lle.v,.akc, Jack, lend us a hand ''-. " ,Kr umcn
here : this dammed animal u biting my hand . 0 ,he !Ha ts' 1 h'f-'.H and first duty of
off:" said the burglar. " u.?n is to provide for
I'ull it away pull it away, ; ueK ,
' I ran t
" Give it a j. rk !" said the other.
"Oh! 0-0- 1 I can't! murder ! murder!"
This cry' added to the ki av iug of the
supposed dog, ohii brought the watch ill'
. . . " . .t
igood earnest, and the thief, who was at lib -
erty to do o ran for Ins life. I 'he peninsular ot lucatan, and possessing
The watchman showed Sikc- that he bad 'the deep, capacious, and impregnable forti
been bittm by a m run' In is. i lied harbor of the Havana. If this i-land
1 Ins is a
fact, and oecured iu New i ork
the winter of 1-14; ami P.ill
sen cu out nis iiuprisoumcni ai niaca -
w.i... . .. . . 1 : :.. .....h i.
" I besn on: 1 his fpould ever be the
j motto of the young, 111 all thai is worthy of population, of a foreign market for their in,
their consideration all that is morally and incuse productions. Hut this is not the
lntelle. tuaily gr. at.
I Press on ! in int. lle
tual and moral im-
provcmeni ; for they are the highest and
noblest aims that can call for tl.u energies
of our nature. Tiny should ever be com
bined. Man come ii.,t up to the design and
dignity of his being, unless he promotes the
latter, as well as the former.
Pres on ! for the spirit of our aje is for
the diflu-ioii of knowledge ; and our oppor-' point throughout the world, whenever eir
tuuitie for its acquisition are boundless. cumstanees have jdaced this in Ik r power.
We avail ourselves, iu the.' days, ..f the A nd w hut point so aliiuble as the. I.-huid of
thciugbt-, re.ean lies, and experience of many , Cuba T
geiieratioiis from the an. kieves of oldenj The United States are the comm. re:;l
t. ii.es we gat:., r i: t. ltigeiici we animate , rival of Gr. at liritain ; our t-iimage at the
it with the linn, in iiiorating spirit, and ar- pro-, nt moment i- m arly e.jual to b.-rs. and
ray it in the grac fil, eleL'ait drap.ry of it will be greater, within a brief peri)!, if
our 011 times, and send it fouh to become nothing sh mid occur to arre-t our progress,
the knowledge, the science, and the liters- Of what 11-t importance whould it. then, be
lure of the age. T he child now, by the study to her to ol tain the possession of an island
of a few month-, knows that in philosophy from which a'-c could at any time destroy a
whu b co-.t the laborious researches of years u ry large poition both of our foreign an 1
the whole bfe time of hundreds and thou-1 coa-ling trade! Hcsides, she Well knows
sands. In arts ami iu literature, how soon that if Cuba wen in our possession, her
now can he learned t.'iat, upon w hii Ii the
hard and protracted labors of the mighte-t
geniuses of our earth have b. -ii expended.
We now get a knowledge of that political
truth for which many generations vainly
fought, and which, when the more favored
ages of a happier age had found, it co-t
the carnage and blood of a h itidr.-d battle
fields to maintain and estahh h. In th. se
improvements we would rejoin y. t would
sav that theo al one arc in sufficient to scrim
tho highest happiness of nations or individ-
I he most correct intelligence, the
r lined knowleil;
jenevoh nee in m
re, uiiiissoi i.ite.
otiv e a il l in tii
niueiive Ol ll-.lie gooil.
. ..... r. ..i
1 lus may Pe ennni ineil and illustrated !,;
the nations of antiquity. Their light was
transient; their sun soon went down, and
the ravless night
es can e over them.
and this becaus
not virtue int
they had knowleilire. but
iigeiiee, but not benrvo-
t night wi-i
m the instructive past we are
im : from tin- l.-ss.-n it gives we
should learn where Ins our security
Pres. on 1
that you may obtain that mainly the loreigu and coa-ting trade et the ;; . -tern
that ives !:rnme"s to the stcpaud Southern States, w hi. h seek a mark.t
light to the cy. soul lo every lineament
that proclaims to all one of nature's noble,
men. That th" father, who looks with an
xiety to see bis fond hopes fulfilled, may
glorv in hi" son that (he mother, who, from
a heart overt! iwing with lovo
.. art overt! .wing with Intro and affection, j
raises a cr.iscless nrav.-r for thv Miritv aaluors t oiiimei cliil Ucgulatioiis and his ( om- :
welfare to the " Thr'.ne of ii',e Ft. rnal,"
may be rewarded that the brother, who
was the companion of thy childhood, may
be proud of thy riisnhood tnat the trcntle
sister, who ever thinks of thee w ith mingled
feelings of pride and coiifidenic, reverence
and affection, may safely rely ou thy truth ,
and manliness. i
Press ou ! in the pursuit of iutolloctit.il
and moral imnrnvf nicnt. that it ma v i.rove '
a security against temptation : ud evil.
Yet press on f
Fnr it nhnll neike yon ntihty nm.m. in. n ;
And form the eyr .it' year ..ogle Iheiittht,
Ye shall I'M.k iliiwu m inminrehs, (hi I press en !
Knr the high ones and ...werl'ul sh,,ll eomc
To .in ynu reverenrc ; and the le.v,tiftil
NVill knnw the purer loigimge of) .ur oiil,
And rns.l it Iinc a tulisuein of I..;.-.
Pre on ! for it is codlike In uiiI.him.,
The Rpirit, iild t'nrg. t ynur Ihouirl t ;
llen.hng a pini.ni for the drrprr rUy,
And in lh v.-rv t'etl.-r nf ynur tb-sh,
Mut.nf with thr pure essence of Hetivrn.
I'res on ! tor iu the pr.ive therp n. no work,
And mi dpitrf, I'res mi ! while vi t vmi mav."
THE HKALTH OF Oi l! CITY.
Notwithstanding the large numbers who
have visited our city during the past ten
days, (says the Charlcstou Cv trirr of "Joth
ins!.,) there are yet, as we learn from a re
liable source, many of our country merchants
who are afraid to eomc to Charleston. To
these, we would again day, there is Hot the
slightest danger. We have had several black
frosts, and the epidemic has entirely disap-
penred in fact the report of the City Ueg-
isU-r published in our columns this morning
showing only 2H deaths for the week ending
the CO instant thirteen whites and ten col-
ored manifests nneulsively that our city
is now for its population, as healthy I city as
any in tho Uniou.
We present below, as we promised to do
in our last, the letter of Mr. Hucbaiiari,
.1 :i o . . o. ..-.. ...
while r,ecretary ol State, to tieu. Saunders.
in relation to the purchase of Cuba j and in
our ucxt we bhull give Gen. Saundrs' letter
iu reply :
. ii... i. ... e ... us ,
in i wui "uiiuri hj "i. tDuuituriB.-- i.a iKJir t.
llKI'AKTMKST OF Sl'ATK.
Wasiu.suton, June 17, 1 J8.
Sir: I?y direction of the President, I now
calJ ;our to the present condition
A r i ,, e it i ii c . r
and future nropecU of Cuba. 1 he fate of
ii.:.. : i i i . .1 i..
luia isitiuu iuusv so:i uc urinv iiitoreni 111''
. , . !,,. i.,',,i "
ooiiteiit that it sball coniinue to be a colony
of Spain. Whilst in her possession we ha1!'
nothing to apprehend. Ik'sides, we arc bound
to her by the ties of aucient friendship, and
wt' "crciy desire to render these perpetual,
, Jut c can never consent that tins i.-laud
shall become a colony of any other Euro-
, . "
, , ' 7. ' .",'
10 own sateiy ; anu, acting upon tin- piiuci
pie, we t-hould be coniicllcd to le.M-t the
ucpiisition of Cuba by any powerful maii
time State, with all the means which prow
deuce has placed at our command.
vuca h biiiio.-i hiiiiiu sllil ot tlie coast
i.i.r.i . .1 ... ...
1 of Florida, ituated between that State and
were under the
'ominion of tireat liritain,
he could command both the inlets to the
, - ' " " ""-.m i..u. . .01-
j bled, in time of war, effectively to blockade
the mouth of the .Mississippi, and to deprive
i.mi. 11 .1 v 1 .... 1. a ,.-... i.iti... 1.........
i a" lU1' " tl''r" ' l:lUrs 01 t'-' V'J"' us ,VlJ"
las tho.-e within the eulf. teeming as thev
are with an industrious and enterprising
I worst ; she could also ne.-troy the commerce
by sea between our ports uii the gulf and
our Atlantic ports, g eomtueree of nearly
as great a value as the wind., of our foreign
trade. Is there any rea-on to believe that
Great l.ntaii. desires to acjuire the island
of t'ul.a? We know that it has be. n In r
uniform policy, throughout her past hi.-torv,
to seize upon every valuable commcrci;.
West India islands would be rendered com-
parativcly valueless. From the extent and
fertility of the i-land, and from the energy
and industry of our pc pie, we should soon
be aide to supply the markets of the world
w'lii tropical productions, at a cheaper rate
than these could be raised in any
Hut let me present another view of the
11 I uba Were annexe:
i we cai
lilted Mate, we should not onl
lie vol from the appr. hen-ion- wlm
never e. a-e to feel for our own
security of our Commerce, whil-t it shall
in ; i tu. in Its present condition, hut human
foresight cannot anticipate the 1 eiiclieial
con-eqiieuecs which Would result to cwry
portion of our 1 'nimi.
Ibis can never become a local question.
;; ith suitable fortilieatious at the loitu
aud in possession of the strongly fortilice
harbor of Havana as a naval station on tl
epposite coast of Cula, we could command
the outlet of the Gulf of Mexico. btwc( ii'v
tl.epeliilisula.it Honda and that island.
This would aff.rd ample, secuiilv loth to i
lor their surplus
productions through the
ports on the gull.
''. Under the government of the United
States, Cuba would become the richest and
most fertile island ef the same extent.
tiirougnout tue worm, .vcor.niig to .ui. re
mercial Statistics, " in l-:,i, ol the 4 ii-,-"'J.'i
cabulleras of thirty two English acres of I
land which compo-e the whole territory.
.'Is-jjJO were under sugar, roffc. . tobacco,
garden and fruit cultivation, and !',7:it iu
graieing grounds and in unfilled wn.ul-, be-
longing to sugar and codec
thus appears that ill 1 "U" 1
twelfth of the whole island was un
vation. The same author savs : "We h ive
no accounts of tho present ext. 'lit ofculti
vation in Cuba; but by comparing the
aluuof exportable produce in 1 li with
that of 1 '', and by various estimates, we
consider it probable that the lands under
sugar, coffee, tobacco and gardens may fair
ly be estimated a, ."il.tuul cabulleras, or
1 ,7 '-'"aHHtl acres." According to this esti
mate, between one-eight and one-ninth only
of tha whole island was under cultivation in
11'.'. The author proceeds : "' If we com
pare this extent with the remaining va-t
area of the fertile soils of Cuba which are
still uncultivated, and the produce which
the whole island at present yields, it can
scarcely be au ex.igcratioii to say that
Furopc might draw as much entice and sugar
from Cuba alone as the quantity already
consumed.'' Mr. MeGreeor states the ag
gregate population of Cuba in the year 111
to have been only 1.0H7,(ijl ; but from the
datn w Inch have just been presented, it may
fairly be inferred that the island is capable I
of sustaining in comfort a population of ten
millions of inhabitants. Were Cuba a por-
lion of the United States, it would be dilli-
cult to estimate the amount of brcadsluIVs, )
rice, cotton, and other agricultural produe-
tions ; of lumber, of the produce of our fish- ;
cries, and of other articles which would find
a market in that island, iu exchan-o fori
their coffer, sugar, tobacco, aud other pro-1 the personal deductions '.'J per cent. ; tho j solute sefusal in writing, which would cm
ductious. This would gon iuureaeiug with I tuisccllaneous revcuuas '-.'i por eout ; aud I barras us hereafter in the aeiyusitbii of the
the increase of its population mil the do.
vclopinent of its resources, and all portions
' of the Union would be benefited by the trade.
i li .'11 I . ... . . . -
; 1'osiraule, however, as tho i.o.ssossion of
thiii island may be to the United States, we
would not acquire it except by the free will
' of Spain. Any acquUitiou not sanctioned
by iu.stiee and honor would l,o too dearlv
r " .
purchased. While sueli is tho determina
tion of the President, it is supposed that the
; i . ' V , . 11,11 ' ,,a'"
Vi.t..-,.. t . . i ... i
cJa tb(j ijjland ,
isiuim w iuc i niieu isiaies, upon
,i . r t i i- i
the naviiwnt of a f or niol f n notiuoi.f .n
' . I L.' . .
It' t .... . -
"c have receip" Urination from variom
Booreas, botU ofbeiii 'and unolflcia", fbat
among the Creoles of Cuba there has long
exi-ted a deep rooted hostility to Spanish
dominion. The revolutions w hich arc rapid
ly succeeding each other throughout the
world have inspired the Cubans with an ar
dent and irrepressible desire to achieve
their independence. Indeed, we are in I
formed bv the Consul of the United States
at Havana that " there appear, every pro-
labnj thut t)c jsani, H , soon J I
Mate f tivi Wiir.- Jlc als0 ,tiltcs lh;lt
.. cfrorts arc ,,ow ,i( Ili:i(Ju t0 rai0 moiev
for iat ; r
there wi.l be attempts to induce a few of
the volunteer rcninem- now in Mexico to
obtain their di.-thargc and join the revolu
tion.'' I need scarcely inform you that the Gov
ernment of the United States has had no
- ... j -...... .e. . s u.e TriL 01
.Il.-:lt i tloll 'IlllAll.f II... I n ...i.d nn fn
. , . .
from it. A short time after we received
the information from our consul, I addressed
a despatch to him, of which 1 tran-init you
a cojiv, dated on the ! th instant, from which
-.. . . .. ..
voll Siii perceive that 1 have w al lied line to
'keep a watchful guard both upon his w .rds
all( actions, so a- to nvoid ceii the least
f-l-"ci'di that he had encouraged the Cubans
t,. 1 -I,.. in l,,.rr,. ,..;. .1,,. v
Government. I Mat.-d also that the r. la-
tions between Spain and the United States
had long been of the most friendly charac
ter, and both h ilior and duty required that
we should take no part ill the struggle which
he seemed to thi'.k was impending. I ili
loiiiicd him that it w-itld certainly become
the duty of thi.- Go; crnim. nt to Use all
proper means tj reiei.t any of our volun
teer regiments now in Mexico from viola
ting the neutrality ol ihe country by joining
ill the nrnrin.ell eivi! le.-ir .-if the ('nlmn.1
against Spain. Since the date of my des-
patch to him, this duty has been performed
J he Secretary of War, Ly command of tin
President, 011 the day following, (.lime in,
adiircs.-cd an order to our commanding g. n
ins charge of the cu.l arhati.-.n" of our troops'
at Vera CniZ, (of whkh 1 tran-u.it vou .,
-.1 1.1 .1 h'SII-n n nil !. so lo the f.lie.r ....
j y. I iiirccting cael
ti.eiu to use all)
proper measures to counteract any such
lau, if one should be on feet, and instruct-
ill ' thelli to " ifive order tloit ihe I r :i ii-..orf s I
I, ll... I..a ! ts ... ,.i
1' Uli.ll till livwji.' 111,1 , LIIIUill A I'liJllLll !
direc.ly to the United State-, and in no;
event to touch at any place m Cuba. Ilie-coii-u,
in his despatch to me, also stated
that, if the revolution i- attempted and sue-,
ceeds, immediate application w-uild be made i
to the United States for ai.:,. xati n ; but he
did hut ,-ceiu to think that it Would he sue-,
eessfu! and probablv won';.! not be under-
taken without tlie aid ot American troops.
l o this ri irtion of tho ilc-eateh I relied
knowing the ardent desire ef the Cubans to
He aninxeii to our l inon
would not be " difficult i
-that I thought it
predict that an
h lay, if il should
of the i-land to
a-surcd 1 1 i i ll that
ops could not be
i;!i w hat scrupu
inned the duties
p tow ards Spain.
I unsuccessful rising would
t defeat the annexation
e I lilted Suites," and 1
lid of our volunteer ti
'1 h'.is you w ill perceiv e
1 his fidelity we have perl
of neutrality and friendsl,
I It is our anxious hope t
iat a rising may not
ittempted in Cuba; but it this should
untortu'.ii'telv occur, the (.overnnient ot the
1 States will have performed their
duty toward a friendly power.
Should the Government of Spain fed dis
posed t i part with the i-land of Cuba, the
question, what should we '. r for it .' would
tin n ari.-e. In deciding this que-tion. it will
be importoiit to ascertain, l.-t. What in tt
revenue it yields at the present moment to
the royal treasury, after deducting all the
expenditure incurred on its account ; und,
'.'d. What nett revenue would it yield to the
Government of the United States in its pre-
I l,t C 'ti l iti 01 '.'
The fir t inquiry I have no means ,,f an
swering with accuracy. McCiill- eh. iu his
Gai.-tte, ,-t.it. .- " that'the wlnde r. venue of
the islun-1, at an average of live wars end
ing with l;t", aiiioiuited to 8-V.i I "', I per
year;" and it is stated in Hunt's Merchants
Magazine for October, l-4", that the reve
nue for the year I 1 1 amounted to Si n, lilii,--o-
:7i. Since l-ll we have no inf filia
tion on tin' subject in t lie Department up mi
which r.di.iiiee can be placed. Mr. Cablcron
informs me that the Spanish treasury at
Madrid linvenevir received from Cuba in
any one year a sum exceeding S.',ntt,i,tiO,(.
In answer to an inquiry, how the remainder
of the revenue was expended, he stated that
it was appropriated to defray the expense
of its colonial government, aud ti pa; and
support the troops and maintain ihe vessels
of war necessary for its defence ami securiy.
It will occur to you that if Spain should
eels' Cuba to the United States, she would
at oneo relieve herself from a great part, if
not the whole, of this i-i il, military, mid
II nal expeii liture. Ill this view of tile sub
ject, it would seem that the sum of i-oii,-(MIO.IHHI
would be an ample pecuniar; in
demnity to Spain for the loss of the island.
W but nett revenue would it yield t
t'10 tJovcrnineiit of the United States al the
present moment !
Iu estimating the amount of this revenue,
we must mainly rely upon tw o sources
duties on imports, and the proceeds of the
Of the average revenue of ?,!U,"1 for
the live years ending w ith 1SJ7, Mcl'ulloeh
states that " the maritime duties formed t'l
per cent. ; the internal taxes 'g'. per cevt. ;
the ecclesiastical deductions 1 1 per cent. ; i
tlm inannl rivimiu'i n I r.rr !" Vriir
it is manifest that if Cuba were in the dim.
Bes'iou of the United States, the people
... .. . - . f
won d be relieved from llin wiiter tiart if
not the whole of these contributions, with
, tho exception of maritime duties. Jie.sidus,
a considerable proportion of, these maritime
' duties are levied unon exnorts n hieh tlie con-
i i ----
stitution of the United States would forbid, "cd by having it placed on record ; lor 111
Uut the important inquiry on this branch that event it would aimo.-t certainly, through
of the subject is, what amount of duties sol"e channel, reach the opposition and 1 e
could we collect in the island ! and this must nic the subject of discussion in the I '..i t -.
depend upon the Binount of the imports. ; Such delicate negotiation, at lea l in tin ir
This we can ascertain for many years up, ' incipient stages, ought always to be oiiduc
till 1j 14 inclusive, from thctables published ted in confidential conversation, and with
annually by the Intendents of fho islauj). the utmost secresy and di patch.
The following tabular statements, extracted ! At your interview wilh the Minister for
from Hunt's .Ma-azine. ii doubtless correct: Foreign A flairs you mi-ht ii.tro.lure the
1?W S2J,:0i',l-l 31 4
I '11 -!.",(" 1. 1(H 'M
L' 1,037 io','7 2o
I 4:J a:t,.f-J,0!G 43
I'm 25,U5fl,li31 HOI
c. . o-i
"." ,: . . ..
Admitting that the-e imports have in
creased to twmity-sit millions of dollars
since I'll, and estimating the average rate
of our duties under the existing tariil at o
per cent, which the Secretary of the Treasu
ry informs me is correct w ith in a small frac
tion, the revenue from import- would amount
to 8(i,."(()0,HO!) ; but from thi.- sum inu.-t be
deducted that portion of it which arises
from productions of the United States im-
poin.vi iiu'.' . no... j oc tviiii nunc jt 11
1 i'..t. tu ,...!.,
j, j; ,h y(;tll J ,
accoruing to the booKs 01 our custom house.
was f 1,7 1 :),!;((). Estimating for their in
creased value at the custom houses in Cuba,
in cotise.piciice of freight and other charges,
it would approximate the truth to state that
one-fifth ot the imports into Cuba consi-ts
of American productions. Then, iu order
to show what revenue we would derive from
imports into Cuba, we must deduct oiie-tilih
from Sii,.'ni(l,(hKMl, and the balance remain
ing 5."i,'JIUI,n(lO, would be the :. mount.
It may be remarked, however, that our
acquisition of the island would doubtlessly
considerably increase the animal military
and naval cxpem lit ires of the Ul.ited States,
Hut these calculations ail reft r to Cuba
its present comsitioti. 11 ere 11 a p .'.-se-.-:ou
of the United States, it. population and in.
du-try, and consequently its exports, Would
rapidly increase, and produce proportion
ally increased imports. Iiidecd.it is highly
V': that during the very first year the
duties would amount to a sum not less than
I hi regard t tho quantity of public lands 1
till remaining in Cuba, the lX-partiueiit !
--"- ' - i-v-.jv an . .11 o in .. . ion.
1'rom a11 that we have learned, it is believed I
tbaUhe crown of Spaiu ha- already granted ;
uy jar ti.e greater portion 01 the whole ter-,
ritory of the island to
need not, therefore, calculate upon deriving :
revenue liom this source. I. pon the
tho Presidt lit would r.ot hesitate to
stipulate for the payment ot , m con.
vehient instalments, for a cession of the ,
island of Cuba, if it could not be procured j
for a less sum.
The apprehension- w Inch existed for lutmy !
rigiii of tins tiovcrntii.-iit, !
the cxtcllMOli 01 our lederal system !
would endanger the Union, seem to have !
passed away, hxpci letice has proved that
tiiis system of confederated republic, under
which the l ederal Government has charge
of interest common to the whole, whilst local
governments watch over the concerns of the
re-pective States, is capable of almx-t in
dilinite extension, with increasing strength.
This, how ever, is always subject to the quali
fication that the mass of the population must
be of our ow n race, or mu-t have been edu
cated iu the school of civil and re
liberty. ;;itli tins quanueation, the more ,
we increase the number of confederated 1
States, the greater will he the strength and
.security of the Union, because the more do-j
pendent for their mutual interests will the:
several parts he upon the whole, and the'
whole upon the several parts. It is true
that of the -I I .'J ! U white inhabitant., which ;
Cul a contained in 111, a very large pro-1
poni oi is of the Spanish race ; still, many i
ef .'ur citizens have settled on the i-laii !.!
and some of them are large holders of pro-;
perty. Under our Government it would '
spceuily be Am,;;r,,nizt,l, as j.otn.-iana
i... . l v:.i :., ii... l !....: .... r i.
lias oeeil. lllllll lac Liounu.ill. s oi SUCH
o-...,, .,1.1,1., t,.. ., ....,,,.. '
from duties aud absolutely free be enjoyed. :),. ,,j
With the po-essinn of Cuba we should have';,, ,,',!',
throughout the Union a free trade on a more j
extended scale than any which the world!
has ever witnessed, arousing an energy and !
activity of competition which would result
in a mo.-t rapid improvement i:i all that
contributes to the welfare and happiness of:
the human r.ice. What State would forego
the advantages of this vast free trade with,
all her sisters, and place herself in lonely '
isolation? Hut the acquisition of Cuba;
would greatly stn ngtlun our bond of union.
lt possession would secure to all the Slab s
within tin- valley of the Mis.i-ippi an
of Mexico free access to the ocean ; 1 lit
this security eoul 1 only be preserved whilst
the ship-building and nav Igating States of
the Atlantic shall fiirni-h a navy sufficient
to keep open the outlets from the ulf to
the ocean. Cul a, ju-tly appreciating the
advantages of annexation, is now ready to
rush into our arms. Once admitted, shi
would be entirely dependent for h. r pros
perity, and even cxi-teiiee, upon her con
nexion with the Union, wtuNt the ripi.ll;
increasing trade between hi r and other
States would extend its bles-ings and it- ben
efits ever the w hole. Such a state of mutual
dependence, resulting from ihe y.-ry nature
of things, the world has never witnessed.
This is what will eusure the perpetuity ef
With all these considerations in view, the
Presidi nt believes that the crisis ha.s arrived
when an ctbot should be made to purchase
th island of Cuba from Spain, and be hits
determined to eiitru-t you with the perfor
mance ef this most delicate and important
dutv. The uttcmpt should be made, in the
first instance, in a confidential conversation
with the Spanish Minister for Foreign Af-i
fairs : a written offer might produce an ab
island, lies ides from the incessant ehaii'rs
, in the Spanish cabinet h 1 1 1 policy, our du -
fcire to make tho purchase might thus be
.... l . i At 1 r ... .. i- . ..
made Known m an ollieiai lorm to loreiiru
Governments, and arouse their jealousy and
active opposition. Indeed, even ii the pres-
cut Cabinet should think favorably of the
)rol.o-itiili, thev luiijbt be srcail i cu.barras-
, , . ,, w
' Mil ject by lef'en ing to
the present ilL-trae
ted condition 0! nba, ami toe danger
tcil condition of ( 1
exists that the population will in:'ke an is
tempt to accomplish a revolution. '1 hi- mu-t
be well known to the Spani.-h Government.
In order to convince biin of the good faith'
and friendship towards Spain with which
this Government has netcd, you might r. id
to him the first part of my despatch to Gen
eral Campbell, and the old. r i--o. ! I v the
Secretary ot War to the Commanding 1 ieiie
ral in Mexico, and to tho oilier Inning'
charge of tin- embarkation of our troop? at
era t'ruz. You may then t on h delicately i
upon the danger that Spain may lose ' ,! a
by a involution in the i-i.'.ud, or that il i.mv
be wrc-tcd from her by Great liritain, -h.i-jl'l
a rupiarc take place between the two coun
tries arising out of the dismissal of .Nir Ileh-
ry Hulwer, and be retained to pay the Span-1
i-h debt due to the Hriti-h bondholders. 1
You might a.-siire him that, whilst this. Gov-1
eminent is entirely satisfid that Cuba shall
remain under the dominion of Spain, we
should in any event r.-si-t its n. -. j , ; i .-i t i . . l y
ai:y other nation. And, finally, y ;i mi.:!,!,
inform him that, tinder all th.'-e cii'cijm.-'.aii-
ces. the President had arrived at rhe e.ii-clii.-ion
that Spain might l.e wiliir.g Lj trans
fer the island to the United Mates for a fair
and full consideration. You might cite as
a precedent the cession of Louisiana to this
country ly Napoleon, under somewhat simi-
' lar circiim-tatiee-, wh.-u he w a- at tie' zenith
of his power and glory. I h
d these C
ni tl.i.ir la
and you can lill up the outline !:
formation coiiimuiiicate.l iu this
as well as from your own knowled
subj' ct. Should the .Minister for
Affairs lend a favorable ear to y...ur pr ii o-
' silion, then the question of the consideration
jto be paid would arise, and von have been
furni-hed with information in thi - despatch
which will enable vjii t
lli-CU- that il'les-
,11011. ill ll-uc.- 10 ,01. I
here to ols- rve that, wbi
ii.fonnatilig . f ro .-t:it, d
C,i! a V
intt amount ot revelni
pain, he bad let then.
has not now. the
most rein-de idea of
intention to make an attempt to
J he President would be willing to st;pu-
late for the payment of one hundred mill: uis
of dollars. '1 his, however, is the maxMiuim
price ; and if Spain should be willing to s, t
you w ill ue your best eff-.rts to p:n-h.i-e it
at a rate as much ub,v that sui.i a- prae-
ticab e. In c;i.-e vmi shouUl be aloe t
r j c-i.
elude a treaty, you may ad" t a- your m
el, so far as
tne same inav be al piie.ii le.
the two conventions of April : l-iw, be
tween France and the United State-', f-r the
sale and purchase of Louisiana. The sev
tnth and eighth articles of the fir.-t !' these
conventions ought if possible, to be omitted ;
still, if this, should be hi'ii-pc'.is.il lo to the
accomplishment of the object . articles si mi-
lar to tin in may be retained. !
You will be careful to make a full and
faithful report to this Department ' a'.l the
i'.inv.'1-s-iM .lis .mil til'oe.,,' : in "s on t ,1
i.-ct between yourself and t
ter for Foreign Affairs,
coed iu accomplishing tin
as.-ociate your name with
a most ,,i
,: the gh
end beneficial measure to: the glory and
prosperity of your country.
Your. ei respectful! '.'.
.'lAMl'.S HUt. HANAN
PieMl'l.l s M. S.U MiLKs, i;-,p
the subject of this despatch 1
v a sin
messenger to our Consul at Li
draw ,, ,hL, Keparttuctit for the expense
. ' ... 1
,. v.ni.oii, Ir-m.m I I inn ,e:it
vou can transmit
Thev may be directed to
You may probably have
1. to th'.i'sul-jei t. t .) i.-o t
f the 1c
Phi'AHTMKNT i SrATK, )
'.:'.i, d ,'. 7, 1-1-. S
retuv t'i the iu-t met ..o
1 1 you of the
thank you to su!
graph lor that
' In regard to t!
th ulihu i, ( N i
stitute the f di
ginning w itii
. I'-iblie lands
ivv iug para-
f Cuba :"
to the quantity ol
does not po.-Si
111 Cuba, the
s accurate ii
in all that we have learned, it is belie;
t the Crm ,.f Spain has already gran!
lar the graater p uti ;i ,,f the wl.ok t
TV of the i-land to indiv i lua
not, tiieretorc, eab-iliate UJiou deriving much
1 am, sir,
very respect fi;
; : y ,
.) AMF.S HUCI1AN AN.
iMl l.t S M.
Till: POHK P.
g startling st.di
Ohio, in W.O,
:,''"' 1 .71
-',-( 1 ,1'
o,l 1 l.l 1 1
This is coming it pretty str nig half ;
og to every man, w uiian, and child in th
niou ; but it is nothing to what we ar
threatened with nt the next census in I'll
1 his western country will become .me va
hog-pen, if this thing continues to iii' iea
at this rate.
proceedings in tlie ,-enaoe smee our
a.t j...,U(. t'Urni.-hed but lew items of special
. . . . b
interest. A proposition wa-s made on J Ues
duy to go into the election of a General
.upei iiiteiiueiit. of t. omu.on Schools, but 16
was laid upon the table in the House. The
bill introduced by Mr. Hyuuni. to authorize
the 1 ii-inc.-s of liaiikiiig, imdrr certain re
stiictiolis, up. n the l.oiids of the State ami
of the United States, ha.s becu favorably
reported on by the committee. It will bts
seen that a loll to amend the constitution of
this Stale, similar to the Free Suffrage bill
which bad been rejected in that body, wai
alo introduced by Mr. Heiry. The bill
w as mmle the ordsr of t'ue day for I'ridav.
O11 Wednesday, th resolutions of Mr.
liyni.iu to abolish the pies.-ht Suj-n iiie
ouit, t 1 mal e ten judicial circuit", and t
establish a Court of Conference in place of
the Supreiim Court, after some diaeuai'sioa
w as nji. ...
'The most ititeresting ffnis iu the Ilottsu
proecciiings of Tuesday and Wednesday,
I ma cf the l ice Suffrage bill
d.ng, the 1 fi uii jjoljjunt -
to establish a new count v
of lilue l'.i.lge, and the discus-
ol the bill to
bill to incorporate the North
ma and Jrimes.-ee Lull I. "aid
In regard to the fir-t of these the
laue till ilstauds. at the time of
tl.i-, in a singular position iu the
Mr. Waugh, w ho voted ('i(;('.s' tho
: the 1 ill, fur the junjior of mov-
.ii-i ' ration, moved to n consider
by wbieb it u as r.ji eted, utnl Mr.
I'ui-'i--, moved t- lav the motion b
eg a ! '
ivi i'lcl' l-p 01 the table ; which the Ib.-use
la fu-id to si j by a te cf !rj to n. Aint
thi i:, upon motion of Mr. A very, the fuithcr
en-i ,b -1 ation i f the M.bj. et was j o-t om l
to I'liday at I J o cluck, by a vote of ")7 t
j'1. In this state oftl.e case, can the House,
und. r the rules, of order, reconsider on Fri
day ? We do not believe, indeed, il.at Mr.
augh's metioli to reconsider can be eiit. r-
ill. liut.il entertained, accord in j;
ei-i, , .,f the Chair, i('..i. P.a'n,.
iy . ' cap. i;,g it. ) in 1 - i, an.! of
.,. r in I s-oii. it will ( q-dre
s :j r. 1 oii-iiier ' The t re-i rt
re so faily ci.xinccd ol thi- fuel,
pl'e-vio.ls di ch-ions. th.nt.it tin!
of this ,-essioii, n different rule
to the d.
t' :e',-oi ari
Mr.'S . :,!
uini, r the
such Las been adopted
:i i:r ,n the bill t establish
Flue l.i'lge wa. quite ai lma
o.iuiii. Puryear, t'ai mi. l,:iei,
li.'cated it, "Messrs. Cu-.k sud
of the lbus upon this bill,
aetioii i-i t! e ,et-:.te, si. 191
v , I
II a- in,
1 1 ..
iii-posltl 01 ou the p
lnake new counties-
at lire t
ii, iu the debate to which
expressed a desire that
act with the same bold
lint the Senate had in re-
isi Jll t
- and d
fusing t j make hew c
Mimbi-r w;is now eigh
cne it should 1 c kept
i::itie.- said that the
y-"ne. and at eighty
Mr. CartnicLacl, iti
pe p!e would Lot cease.
, that the Legisiaturo
ii.il their ju.-t demands
a in v c i
d g.-t no
--is. .Wery and t ttin are the only
men who have vet addressed the
II u-e upon the bill for the exten-ion of tho
North Carolina Koa 1 to the Tetiuessee lino
the frmcr iu support of the bill, and the
latter in opposition to it. Its further coti-,-i
ieraiioii was postponed to Monday next
at I 'J oVI i, k. v. hen '.Mr. Fagg ha.s the floor.
It will be sou, that the fo, ic !: -r,
di-p i-e 1 t t.ihe aii-'ther v..t for Senator
again, since their fright ou Monday and
tins, too, led w itli-iundihg they were so zeal-o;i-
in urging a few days ago the importanco
of ili-;. .sing of this election at once. Truly
"circumstances alter cases."
ted. In t
he Semite, the bill introduced
M ; Wood mi, in the early
part if the session,
nation f.r purp
t. was debated by
b-iigth, and with
in .ng :i
I nti". i, a I
., 1 .
-i :. I.,:-.:,
I he sum
roii c-iines up to-
d.n . ( Friday , I
n Mr. Gilmer is entitled
to the t! ,r.
Iu the 11 'Use, a bill, relating to the call
of ;i Conv eiiti on. W as debuted by Messrs.
Le.ieii, of Davidson, Caldwell, of Guilford,
and Dili, of Duoliu.
,1 'the ii hsiiero He" inter.
t'llAf.i tT". Dec. 1th.
Mi :.- 'i fr mu hearing tha
:iiHe. r one of tlu
t ever seen, lie
i.s a mere in?" int
ics I h:.
:dv i'"'ir year-
t by an experienced tifi.r, and
a u-de. He came out first iu
petticoats, and In iug placed upon a
he bowed Very low t',;o or three Uii.es,
: his hand each time. II' appeared
did time iu u be ciioii' uniform, with.
lit button- Mined up with bull', and boots
iii.i ki.c hrwekes Willi a cocked hat and
cath.r lie inarched thr .nigh tin; aisles
ca:.;ig the dead hnuvh which was plavcl
t the i.iner.ii .-f Henry Clay, uiarchiug to
..mo', noi-ic with a stately tread. Tha
'el. -I'l.ler is a-t inished at the amount of
,h;iial strength which be exhibits in ihe
ui. and double quick strokes, his little
-:;: 1 di:.:4 very little burger than one s
;. r. and tlie iu..t; ju f tin. in so rapi 1 thai
a can s.viri el; see them. I oh-ci ved the
v! el -rated druminer ami lei ier fa 1 r iss
and, Peter Drown, -oi'ug near t!:. bv.r,
r.,j t ill in :'.o a-t.i..i-l,-i.e,.t !. i) the
nt'.. nt beats at.v thing 1. ever sew, aii-l em
b the best 111 h
i t r another vear.
MU. Cl.INGM N S FlIACITY.
. bis fa
c :i'i::i 1
oi" r re
en -e t i Mr ( 'iin gm an's statement,
I, t!...t In- did not know wiio was
oftl.e h lie" to the A-hev ill Mi's
. i ;:'lg on his c n luet i.t 1. .1. l 'ii,
of the M-.ss, i,,-i- . iVs, th.it h-
, anl tin
'iaii and -!i .ol him tho
ignit lie, d"ll Hvxl'l.a ,
i 'was se; era! da ; s In
fore he w r
f'roui Morgsnt oi ;
e ignorance -if the author.) luUnt.'. Us -j
. : r.