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A. C. WIlUAMSGH, Editor.
, a., -a.nsrxjLK.- s, loss.
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FOR TtlE NOUTII CAROLINA WIIIO.
TO MARY , OF IREDELL, X. C.
JT " VE."
When twilisrhf early shades appeir,
.Mingled with music's swe teft lay
1'iie dyiii? niclit-brcvieo'cr t!ie hills
Il rpin" then sad iiitlancholy
s,. zcs my soul.
RiTiil'st the scenes rf other days
Nut in themselves melancholy,
Tt.it in themselves there are iovs.
.v , t -t hiftt, which, o er my soul a sooining
D.lii'i-l to hold.
But now melancholy
With cruel, relentless sway mounts her throne.
M. thinks 1 hear that gentle voire,
T i.t mil u entranced my soul far within
1 .11. J of soni's nnd sweetest sounds.
i "ii the sighing breeze, all, charming,
a eid L -si unto her.
' tit v .ice was music's self.
,as I sec that forehead fair and high
if I. I by tresses of auburn hue;
'twrc v'csti rdny, I see them noir, cnrclesa
V!n,' 'round a " nec of purest alabaster."
I, rr it'i ih 'twis there the fire, did glow.
(h !ierrv the h azel of the fn lie.
T-nr wild d izlii'ir beauty cn hizh,
S .-mM einjl t. Twas not mort .1 sure !
Si- t. ruby lips nr.th these r pprar,
Ri. h i,ie with the dew of bliss.
A-..: ii : ti.t firm w . s cr ce itself,
A i, s she s'-lpp"d alonir the lerdmt bmVs
(i! in. s'kiw's br inch, or f.iry.likc trod the " car
p. t' I'nwrn "
d:' ,'ir " Old II ill " and made with joyous laugh.
T '" '.! I w ills rin tVrn, nb 'twss thtn,
M th-iiiL'bt she had an Angels form
A i tnrls roi'-e was ber's.
A1' ! thru she was hesutiful !
( -b..rrus, is.
What is the Most Beautiful!
A TALE AFTER THE MANNER OF BOCCACCIO.
BT BE. CASs'EDY.
N'o there lived ."n the country called
Spin, in tin c : hmg gone by, a set of young
e-.htieuian, who styled themselves Pnihjxo
; . - and who met once in every week to
lii-nj., such fjucstioiis as might be brought
U-forc them. It so fell out that they were
otiee called upon to decide what was ino-it
I' autiful ; and many and various were the
ar;."ii!ii hts brought forward by each of them.
Now, it hchoveth us as ready chroniclers, to
i-furui those of the present day what was
tie; di ci-ion of that learned assembly, to the
-:A that our young readers may see w hat
tL'i-e; of former days deemed mo-t beautiful.
Vi'lir.n the assembly were all convened,
ati-1 the proposition was laid before them,
tv re were some who said the question could
l e decided, for beauty was but a mere
i..i;t'-r of opinion, and consequently none
v ild be willing to give up his tastes to the
ar.'iments of any other; but there were
Hicr, and these by far the greater part,
vio deemed it meet to li.-ten to the argu-i.i-nts
of that body, and so the question was
iii 1 before them.
i irt there rose a young gentleman, pale
:. complexion, slight in figure, graceful in
'y 'jaranee, and subdued in nanutr, and be
:.js addressed the assembly:
"Mo-t excellent signorc, it eccmcth to
the mo.-t unworthy member of this wise
iy, that the question which your excel
" -i'-s have propscd is one that admittcth
' 1' ut little argument, for it must be appar
''' to every one of you that this world doth
' t .)!, tain any one thing more beautiful
;-all others', but and only except the
W vuturr,. What is there possessed
';'"''; beauty than the mighty ocean, with
'- li'r.-li crested waves, its expanded blue
"uec, dott;d here and there with the
?'';'-ii i-les of the sea ; its coral-bottomed
' ''' it s beautiful array of animated be
fr jin the big vastucss of the great w hale
' a t j the tiny beauty of the little island
; "ii.iig iii-erts; from the rainbow-colored
1 1 't the U-autiful dolphin to tbo roseate
"f the shore-loving tetracbon! Or, if
lf i ' not mo-t beautiful, what think you
'' ' sublimity of the craggy cliff that o
' t iia loKs the deep aea, and proudly rears
tiii-bty bead, but to mock the minor
-s of all around it! Or, if your mind
f l'lveth a calmer beauty, what think
''I tiV; sii,renie loveliness of the dark
V lfilicn Linil snrin'S irf inwt setirlin'S ftn
;-iitii: iphyrs to kiss into bloom the
luxuriance of the youthful tree,
: iwer after flower under tho shade,
; 'i hoi by the care of the old parent
t: : .
" a. i ti,u grove around, blooms into
' V ; uiion tlm kl.r.n.a i t t.m .,,i,l,f,.
11 :"itle litfl,; rivulet? And then, too,
i ' ' wi.s-Joms will remember that all this is
": 'irk of a (jy, w,i ku te prr.Ceed:tb
inan'i Laud. It doth not. however.
become so unworthy a member of thin wise
body to weary you longer ; but I will sit
down veil satisfied that all others can but
accede to my ideas of" V hat is moat Boau
tiful." Immediately as soon as be bad taken his
scat, there ran a murmur of applau.se
, I . , .i ii r I I
throughout tho assembly j for bo bad ex-
pressed the opiuion of numbers of its niein
bcrs. Hut then there rose an individual of
much distinction among them, and said,
" It seeiucth to me that the person who
, . . , ... .r . ... .
J" ..Kna... .uu g,re-
d" nrgeiuieiii, uoeu i-jieaie wen ami auiu-
cdly, and, in the main, 1 entertain like views
with him: tint ftill I would wUli t.t infliuln '
i htr. hjli'lint
.e .., 3-iuu uw uiau
audiwoi'lt. J bus do 1 ueeui that nothing
is more lovely than the prospect affoided to all tlut eartli afl'orded of loveliness or huh
tho vision of that individual, who, having liniity and yet it was not in this protracted
climbed to the top of a grassy eminence, search that I di-eovcred what I now do
discerneth, scattered far away beneath him,
the forest, the meadow, the purling brook ;
and. besides these, the creen tops of the villa-
I gers cots, the tall steeple of the holy church, '
the mossy wans 01 tno tiooie caitie ; ana
!bearcth as it is borne to him from afar, the
... j: ..... l. .!.' - 1
UUIU Ol voices, vile uiMiim eounua oi inu ur
Itificer's hawmcr, and the merry lau-h of
:the playful boy. I would also wi.-h to in-'
j elude, amid the works of uaturc, such thinus 1
as are cultivated by mans Land. A lovely 1
' - . , . .- . . ......
flower-garden uotu contain much that ls
beautiful, With its ever varying assortment '
of form and sie and color; with its beauti-;
jful walks, bordered by little flowers, that
scatter the delicacy of their perfumes, ami !
j compel the very gay breexes to bear their '
I delicious burdens. But it will not be meet
that I sho Id goon to speak of all that is beau-1
tiful in this soit, nor do I deem it prohtablc ; '
'for. now that to what has already been de-
; scribed by a poet of nature, I have added
all that man has produced naught eUe re-
maineth to be said." '
As this speaker took bis scat, met of the
persons in tne room were oi opinion mat tne
matter was already settled, and needed no
further discussion ; but a young gentleman
.1 ... i i i .!... i.- .. : i . i ...
iiuiu ru.-c, umj ui'cueu iiiav uc iiuni ue
heard, inasmuch as Ins views were ditl. rctit
form any that had yet been expressed. They
Dignified their ready willingness to listen,
and be begati :
" My brethren of this body well kno.v
that I have travelled much, and vi-ited ma
ny different lands, and I select what I am
now about to relate, as the most beautiful
of all the things I have ever seen, and, more
over, I am well convinced that all others
will soon fall into my way of thinking when
they have heard my story. Iu a far-distant
i island there Jived two men who were both
j lovers of tho sauio fair damsel. One of
'them was a nobleman in the land, and equal
jiu rank to the lady. He was powessed of
many attractions, both of body and mind,
l.n.1 :-t.i .a . i.,....-
niiU fiituui wii'i iiuv Bii'i ai'ii u a r; i
as ever lived; while the other had no at-
traclion beyond his power of mind, and was
far inferior in station to the ludy of his love.
Xow the laws of the island so ordained it
that no maiden mi -.hi marry with any one
who was beneath her in gentle blood, and
yet tae maiden's preferences were all in fa-
vor of the peasant, which, as soon as the
nobleman had di.-covered, although be could
t . .i ii i i i i . i
nave naa tne lany s nana i.y rij.ni, lor ner
parents were in his favor, yet he visited the
obscure peasant, aud, finding that he was a
man of genius aud worth, he soon, by the tions by theriA who were true to Kosutii
power of his station, elevated him to the i-.ni, was mainly that they are of no practical
rank of a gentleman, and placed iu his reach
the means of procuring interviews with the
lady, whom be soon afterwards married,
And after this generous deed, the no' le man's
love was still so strong towards the lady,
thaf, being unable to conquer it he made a
will leavini; to her all of his immense e.-tates,
and perished by his own hand. Xow this,
do I deem most beautiful."
It was evident after this speaker bad fin
ished, that the assembly was beginning to
be divided some taking the part of the la.-t
speaker, and others persisting that they
were in the right. Alter him, there arose
one and another, some contending for one
thing, aud some for another. ( tne said there
was nothing more beautiful than a maiden
weeping over the couch of a deceased lover; !
another that an act of charity bestowed tip- j
on an enemy was loveliest, ftomc ail that
:.- . l . l . . . I
two armies waning .or mo won, ,o enarge,
was most sublime, others again said that a
man, nobly bustaiuing the reverses of for-
tune was mod beautilul; others, that the
natural love of two young people was most
enchanting; and others, that there was
thing perfectly beautiful beneath the skies;
ttllU BO 1111 J nCllb VII, UI1L1. til':... 1.U..1.. ,.
.....1 ...... nr. ....I.I . I. I...
great confusion in the asaembly, when, pre-1
ne .eij, au o. " " 7 ' " ' -' " ,
scv apart, ana careiuiiy uusruci eueir ms- i
cussion rose, and remarked that, if it was '
agreeable to iue young gentlemen present,
, - ., OM .1 ,
bo would address them. J hey all express-
.... . i- . - i I
eu liieir anxieiy vo iisieu, auu ine uiu man
" My young friends, itseemcth hardly fair
that au old man, worn down with years,
should take any part in the discussion of
tl.ia I'niitlifiil b.iile' find vet when t tell von ' '
...... jv... j , j , ....... - - - - - j
lint tl.ii rmestioii is one that hath been to',,ev- lreaker,
me a subiect of much inouirv and diligent
J . . r7
search, and that many of my numerous
years have been spent in seeking to answer
it aright, I do know that your goodness will
pardon me for addressing you. From my
earlest infancy I have been a worshipper
of the beautiful, and often in my boy
hood have I spent whole days in quest of
something lovely, and if I bavc found it, I
have sat for hours and dreamed over it, or,
if it was away, I would call it up, and dwell
on it with delight. As I grew older my
passion for the beautiful grew more intense,
nor did it leave me when I reached my
man's estate, for I bad scarcely completed
my twentieth year, when I started to roam
the world all over to gratify this passion.
I travelled to sun-shiny Italy, and gazed on
her verdant plains and sunny fields, looked
upon her pure skies and marked the gorge
ous changes of ber glittering heavens; view
ed the pencilling of her Haphael, ber Titian,
her Guido, and her Angelo, and DoteJ the
architectural beauty of ber Saint I'cter t
and her Vatican ; conversed with her noble
lords and fair ladies, (and, io sooth, they
arc fair,) and roamed with ber peas an to and
gondoliers, then I voyaged on to gay Franco,
, ... lliruSn garucus, and paraded
ii i .1 lii -.
..... juM.cn--, er puiaccs aim ner
cottages; ..ported with the dashing gentle-
iiicii,oiid LisMid the cheek of the ruddy maid,
j urn i pusscu on io merry inland, ami
t-uoitccl round her . aiuu ami danreil
upon her greens; conversed with her poets
and her htatesmen, and saw her beauties
... .ji.u c..,, x ui-i we on, ami vimicii mo
iius an.i ine nuranes oi icameu t.eruiany,
n..u g.mou over mo giasy crjstai oi hoi-
iana s wave, ana vie wo a all the iual'Iii i-
cence of oriental greatness. I
'sublimity of tho volcano in full c
n nn nit
tl.n ni..i.t v of thn loftV mv'UUUIll, .all the
va.iu ucnuit 01 citims uin:-i, lun.iseapes, an
tue uread inaguiucetiee 01 tne Vceuii-kin '
deem the inot beautiful of all earth s love-
ly things, in every country, and in every i
tiime, I saw much that was beautiful
much that w as lovely and yet my heart j
ioiu nie mere yet remained i-oiuemiug to
o'ertop them nil that the eye alone could
I . I .:-. i 'ii. .. .. i : ...
uoi ii'.i-iu- .lie iuu-i ueiiuiuui. . uui uu u
to me now appeareth mo t beautiful is some-
thing tln.t, did we not see it every dav, we
should not ne.-d to dicu-s tl.ii, our theme.
It is a fair youn maid young, tender, lov-
ing at tiic altar, ju.t giving up herseii, soul
. . i . . ...
and bo ly, mind, heart, feelings senie, and
evcrvthin'', to the obii-ct of lu r beai t s voun;
love. Oh it i-i a delicious si-ht to see &
young girl, reared in tenderness, nur.-ed in
luxury, supported and guided by all the dear
ties of home aud friends, ami everything
that hud been near and dear all lit onre
sacrificing everything, nobly giving up all, ,
strainin-' all the ties that before had bonn 1 ,
her, and giving up ln-r sweet Self, with all
she had possessed, to him she loves. L, it
is 4 mo-t beautiful,' to see the maiden biu-h-
ing at the altar of her own dear sacraii
ueu an act oi sen uevotion. in siicli a i. ing
is an aiiirelic si lit. Ami how doth it I e-
hoove him to whom this sacrifice is made to
.i. i t i ... .i.. i ... ......
iie.-iu inr uoiih . .u.-in lie noi io ireas.
ure it as he doth his very lite to delend,
and shelter and protect it with bis hearts
blood? And what doth not he deserve who
would trample on such a gilt" Is there unv iriuia, t ipial to Jo per cent, ot Ihc whole
torment earth can prepare for such a wretch? have louinl homes ont.ide of her own Lor
Heavcn'n dei nest Veil icai.ei! i iiiovineiit ders. S. Carolina has sent forth I Ii :t.-t.". .
compared to his deserts. God in Heaven
grant, my young friends, that all of you may
know how- to appreciate such a boon, should
it ever he given to jou.
Hardly had th old man taken hi seat,
when some art'nr.g the number roje and ex
tended hint their h'.nd, and all professed
thcrnwclve' fully satisfied that he had foun I
the greatest ol Kaitl.'a lieauty.
XOX-IXTKUVKNTIDX HKSOIA'TK INS.
- - - -- - -
It will be seen that these Resolution in-
troduecd by Gn. Leach, have p-i-ed the
House of I 'ominous, only nwht bwofopos
being found bold i-nou.li to vote aaiu-t
them! This is another principle of the
Whig l'latfonu which our opponents lime
inarched up to the approval of, at this
sion of the Legislature. Let the good work
go on. The " uiiterrifi.'d " are kickin. off
. . , . . . . . . .. -
the planks lrom the t'einocr j-'n 1 lat.'orin
with a vengeance !
The objection urged rtrnin-t the Hesolu-
importance. What! Such au exprcs-ion of
opinion, by our Legislature, of no nnpor-
laueo in the face nf the recent career ot the
Hungarian incendiary thron Ji our country !
Such an expression of opinion of no praeti-
tal Use, when it is well known that many uf
the locofoco leaders. loii'dass and t!a-s.
amount them, have publicly declared their
i adhesion to the doctrines of Imtervention
Of no importance, when Fillihustci i iu is rife
around us aud already in defiance of treaty
stipulations, to invade the provinces of
Spain? Are we blind? lias devotion to Par
ty and the behests of Tarty deprived us of
our reason so that we heed not the danger
h-nn Intervention? It cannot be. lliriU
The Grand LoU
of North Carolina,
, - ., C(J,v.,.(.,i ;.. t,j, 0I. ,,(. , ,, j,,.
a,j(,r,., 0I1 ,,e ,:,,. Th.-re was
B, uuu,uMy Ur,c aue-idauce, and the pro
c,.eii w,.rc intereslin ; and harmoniou..
.... fri,. -, .., . ... in ,..rv rn.
o-',.. 4.nl,,li,: Ten new n.aiter's were
,urin, u,e ;l,
t year ; Lodges are
M hc , al,uil cemmunieatiou the foU
ir.iiil.i. I'ni.r .in. tlii. mi. ii i l.i.r . I. . ri I lie r. ii. I ii t
lowing officers were elected for tb.) ensuing
()tlzo j iK.tV
t ,.,, r.1.,1,
JJilf..: .mi.iviiiei , .j' lie i ..aiu.il,
" iiinim i . i siyior,
.j j - -
William l.IJain, " Secretary,
The following oppointmcntr were made by
the (irand Master :
(!. IV Mendcnhall. Dep. Grand Ma ter.
'. J'wr' (:reeu,
Kd. H. Stanly,
.las. T. Marriott,
M. O. Outtoti,
W. F. S. Alston,
I'. II. Winston,
James S. Terrell,
LUCKY WIND FALL.
Our young friend, (says tho Greenville
Mtiunfuiiirrr,) the Itev. L. M. CotlEV, of
the Uaptist Church, who the reader will
recollect, was graduated at tho Furniau Utii-
.t.:. .1 l... - 1... j I...1
. ... . ., f
the pood fortune to receive the legacy of
S .0,i)0() from a remote female relative in
Kngland. It is known, by tho friends of
Mr?ConKM that he is by birth a jrw, and
v.'rMii v BL .111. iiiifT lorn, nuiiiiiiei. I nn uau
that for reasons satisfactory to himwlf, he
bas seen fit to embrace the christian faith,
and becomo a preacher of the gospel, after
the persuasion of the Baptists. We learn
that tho jrraiid maiden aunt, from whom
Mr. Coitts receives his legacy, a few days
previom to her death embraced tho cbris -
tea a religion. Vt'j'we licgutcr.
Some very interest ? tables are contained
in tne report ol the Superintendent of the
Ccusus. One of them i classification of
inhabitants accord;, to the countries of
their biith, which shots that of the free in-
l,.i.;. ....... .i... it,.;.,, i a....... ,,-.,-,..,
vi v.."- CWH'S. 1 1 ,1 oil ( ,J
are natives of in hoifand t!,.V 'i m.iiU
were born in forcigniountriea j while thel
natiuty ot W),T.i, con not be dctermined.J
it U how n that I ,tK'-i..lJ of the wbol.'iV-f
number ol fori,! inhabitant... were
r..si.l..n. f tf... it , ...i .nnnii r
. v.'! f... . fV? . . ... 1
Uie i-piv ; - i 1 jrv .jee i t Ii al b" per- ,
ons 01 ioiei. u.y v-v . .... r - -
the V h'lleree ! V Kuumi'iim i
from which have been derived the largest
portions of these additions to our population
appear in the following statement.
Nut,v, of Ireland in the V. S. in ISJI)
1 17,71111 I
I.i il l
All i.ther rnimlru s
1 he proportion in w hich the several coun-,
,r,,", al,0VV "R!," d h:,vo contributed U the
,-?re?111; immi ;r.n.t p .palatini it shown in
,lu! "ubjoiued statement :
irciaii'i, -i.j.i per cent. ; ,
lieriiiaiiy, 'J.'i.O do.
lOiihmd, lJ.ii do.
l!iitih America, (i.(H do.
.Scotland, ;i. 17 do.
France, -.11 do.
Miscellaneous, 4.47 do.
This view of the living immigrant popula
tion is important as senium to torrii t many
i Uravaiiaiit notions cuiiciming it which
have attained extensive iiirreiiev.
Attii r intcrestiiia, branch o! this nubiert
is t'uat which concerns the inter-migrations
of our native citizens among the Mates. It
U fou:id that out of 1 .', :Xt.. 0- Iree inhabi-
tants i u,. nave tuwruuu ami si ttieii
beyond the Stales of tin ir liith. Three
hundred and thirty-five thousand natives of
which is :.ti per cent, of all ciluciih ofjhat
State living iu the United States ut the date
ot the cciimis, and lorins the astonishing
Proportion of tier lent, ol tho-.e remain
ing in the Statu ot t tie i r
Carolina .'.its lo-t -01,. "..')
cfiual t .11 t r eei.t. I v emigration.
the Northern Slates, filio: t nnd Celiliee-
t if ut hue contributed no-t largely to the
sitt.eineiit of other p ut- ol the country
1 heir ijrotioi tioii. about J.'i per cent, of tin ir
i. iilee eiil. us u.n.'ul iH i h.it.s . xee.-d l hat of .
either of the Southern St ite already u.eii
tioiie d.w.-re the iiumU r of slave, inthe latter .
adniilted ai an ee no i.t of the eakulutiuu.
KLI'lHiT i)K Till: rosT.I.VTr.u t.KNLRAI..
According to the r' pott of Hon. S. 1
Hubbard, ro tma-t r
(ieii! ral, the number .
"f postoflici- in the I. u;icd Slates, at the
clo-i' of the fiscal year endina' June , 'III, I '.'
iii .iiii . . . : ......I .1 ., i
linasters appointed during'
... ' i - in . , .
1 here were l,r.) post
tli it year, (--"-offices
during the y ar.
1 roni the end o taC lis a
1 yi ar to Xovrin-
bi r I, I -!, o'.'ti po-to)j es have been es
tablislit'd, nnd 'foli ili-coiiMiucd, so that the
wlmlei number in r.pi ration at the latter date
was. '1, 1(11. At its eb'.e there w s in op.
er.ition iu the I'nited S'tates t',7 1 1 po.il
rout .. their aggregate length being 'Jl
miles, and emploving o "itifi cotit raet irs.
Annual tran-poi tation o! the mails on these
routes ". '-. 1 "J" mi Us. at an annual eo-t
of g;l,!:i:',')7l, being about t 7-10 cent- per
mile ; 1 I .''-.'."(is miles were performed on
rail-roads, ut a post of $ I. ,-"-', bein.
about Hi rents per mile; (i, :!':', Kd miles
in steamboats, at a eo.-t of s-iU.t-1 ", being
about cents per mile ; J0,'.l"V:lll miles in
roaches, nt a co t of Si ,r.',',k0, being about
.')J rents per mile; and :., -.")(,'-1 miles iu
modes not specified, at a cost of 5 1 ,0v.!),0.jU,
being about I U-llt cent- per mile.
The inland service shows an inereaso of
-tn) mjos mail routes ; of 1 :l, 1 " i
miles of annual transportation, and of CVI
si 1 7 in tin; annual co-t, the rail road service
alone being increased 'J,'il 1,' HI miles at an
increased ro-t of S .'!) .'"" I -
There were six lorei.Mi mail routes in op.
erati on on the :. tb of June, of the aggregate
leti-th of s :!l miles annual tran.-poita-
. ..- .... -i
'un steamer service
,10 VMr i was C ,-Uii ,'JoO ; for
the year I -oJ was 81 ,!tfi,'Jo0 ; for l-ol.
.5 1, ii. ':,:.) i,
I Th ero-s receipts of the I. partment for
Senior Warden, tno Vl.nr ,.,;;, jlim. jiiiiI, were ?.i,''J.i,
Junior " mi.os.. Ji,,t of thn only C-l,'.".C,7 D-'.b'O
W(.re f,.()I11 ,,I(.r po-tages and stamps, and
Ci -i1.'.' Hi.oO from new -papers and periodi-
--" "rom liew-...eis hum pe, .',...-
cms i tie receipts iron, po-tages were ess
by ol,-l-,:idl Io than those of the preceding
year, n.-.n: a decrease ot per .'. ,. since
the new Imv took ellecl. ."till the I'o .isti'r
not desire a return to higher
I he expenditures ol the l 'eparltiieiiL mr
tho last fiscal year Were Si ,1 0", .i).t) I (
those for the present year are estimated nt
-,.4.,...-JW. J lie cstiniateu receipts,,,,- Ull hc L1,Wll Jia,.11(ia.moll
eluding 6l,'J(MI,'Mi0 appropriations!, are W, WM nvor ,,Huted-it continued pure and
417,7!)().s:i; leaving a delict of "f-''.- s.t;i-i,r,i.e. till it-s latter days; w bile the live
; !Hi.:i-, to be provided fr by direct appro. ,.. j,,;, , H1.iriu ,,f .y
pnat.on. A still larger appropriation will ,Hji(, mi1L,leil ,, ,., jlu.,i to form the
be required for the next year. wo,lr,mi 10L. 0f Athens.
ihe increased speed aitaii.ei.i on
great mail routes is noticed by tbo 1 . M.
General. 'Ihu lollovvii.g is given as the re -
ceipts lor tun pot i age uu several lines eu
mail steamers during the last year :
Hy Collins' line, New York aud
By New York and ISremen lin?,
touching ut Southampton,
1 Kngland, 77,21D.S7
Vork and Havre line,
touching at Cowes, eO.SfU.O
Charleston aud Havana line, 1 1, !)..!)()
Several topics of no general interest are
' touched upon, and the report then speaks
'of the application of the Havre and llretnen
I lines of steamers for inerensed pay, on the
1 ground that- while the Collins' line receives
830,(100 a trip, they get but 812,00(1 a trit
for tho Havre line and $1 6,01)0 for the
lire men lino. They consider that the iu
orcuscd commerce aud immigration from
Germany since the Hue was established, en-
llllu tli .... ... n.l.lil.n..! .;,i -
tjVA postal convention with foreign
re noticed, and the report then
rJer the necessity for 111-
Wt.ii-.nri tn rm.t m nvti.rrf mi fit.
eased labor ui:di r the tie tr ;
. ... . . f
. . ; . .
u. - . .
.rr,,.,, conccviiis vw,"ila " luu
e .J:m . " 'i
Allow on 100, Al) per rent, commission, $11 00
" ami, 411 " l-Jil III)
" 2,00(1, S.'IJ " " :d(i (Hi
tidU. I-'i " " 13 00
TliA tilmln number nf nriiil nml inmiil
.:... 1 , 1. .1. ........
ieiie.9 nmui. Ii... i; i...-.;u iiiiuuu but: jfj-i,
otliccs of the United States during the last
li-cal year, was 'J, i)i),5'.' 1. ( If this nuni-
ber, itefi'i'JJM were unpuM ; i,"10
,.. - i i . ;ti m.17 -r.ii ,,n;,i I,.. vininiK
I J "'V i - -j i- ,
and a, I ;,'!(, 0 free
The I. M. General recommends to Con
gress to remedy the evil existing in Phila
delphia on account of the want of a suitable
1 uituflicc building.
FUKEH.N AND NATIVE PoPL I.ATION.
Among the other interesting items of in
formation communicated by the Census re
turn, ii that relating to the number of peo
ple in the United States of foreign birth
If tin e returns be correct, the common
computation is much too large. Many have
supposed thrtt the Iii-h alone amounted to
three millions and that the Germans did
not fall much short of two millions. It ap
pears, however, that there are very little
over two millions in all. W'e believe this
li-'ure to be less than the fact.
"hals, no doubt, omitted many; but it is
reus, niihle to supp le that they did not omit
ver a million.
The following article, from th New York
Herald, will posses interest for all our rea
ders. W'e are not jn danger, as many ap
prehend, of bi ing swamped by the I orei.Mi
population. Their inllueiiee is only felt in
cities, and in certain parts of cities, and that
only tor a brief period. The native element
so creatly predominates, that all foreign a 1-
u sr-c..iir igri.-.., aim i.moe
to di-appear. 1 he croH of fresh breeds
11 very iiiueu to invigorate too original
totk. The Celt, whether Welch or Irish,
. . i ... i ... . .i .
trreatly improve by a cross on the Anglo.
S.ixon aud though streak of Irisls blar
ney may bo detected by close observers for
one or two gi iterations the original infir
mities of Irish character it.ivr i ideiire and
impulsi vc lies, w liol 1 y disiippei r The
mali- and tiin-u wlio come trr.lil stul nearer
"ri.'inal Scandinavia, constitute invalu-
able iicce-sions to the native brei ds.
While the basis of the American popula
tion must be admitted to be Anglo-Saxon
an 1 Anglo-Norman, so great is the infusion
of foreign elements, t hat it would be no small
puzzle to a genealogist to determine all its
neiits. J!ut nation composed of mixed
. i i : ..!. i i i .i .
. . ,
longest nnd achieved the greatest figure m
. , . . ,. , f . r
.... i ; me iiisiory oi uian.imi. .vinens wasgicii
I till discontinued , . '
, ly indebted for its pre-enuiieiiee in power
and intellect amoi.g the tirccK cities, to its
liberal policy in admitting and incorpora
ting foreigners into the circle uf citizenship.
Home, in its early days, pursued the same
course and the bold adventurers of every
neighboring Stale, when defeated at hon.e,
lied to Home as to a safe refuge. Inlepen-
dently of this source of foreign popu'ution,
we have reason to believe, that Latin Koine
wnsa.. thoroughly subdued by the Sabines
as Ango-Saxon England was by the Nor
mans ; and it was the glovy of Nunia's r ign
t blend the two races. Again, if not eon
qui red by Tarquiu, she received with him
u large number of fresh population from
h'tr.iu.i of mixed descent, Lvdiau and
Tho effect of these accessions upon their
physical development were patent, and are
noted by mo-t ancient historians. What
were the effects upon their moral and intel
lectual organization, from these various
combinations, can only be a matter of specu
lation. It is probable they were beneficial,
'i here were other Greeks who were Ionic
bet-idc the Athenians aud yet the Atheni
ans surpassed tliein as far as they did ail
other Greeks, whether lkiric or .liolie.
They were the most lively, the most versa
tile, the in ii -1 brilliant, the most intellectual
and most enterprising people of whom we
have any record. In all the departments
ol letters and of arts in peotry, philosophy,
oratory, history, sculpture and painting,
they have not been surpassed by any who
have succeeded them if they have ever
been equalled. Lut for them, Wo should
have no other knowledge of the existence of
-, -., . ,1... S,.,.r..,w ll. .1
,M! ,,, 1C Homeric I Vina-,
om, couU conribu. ;
t(i(, ,0 tl.ir lm.lltdI
mling of various races? They pos.
sessed no material advantages over the rest
..!' I ! r. ' ki.ir.nn ...i...t I .-i . r 1 1 1 .1 II....1
of sparta their scenery was not coin,
' ,,, . ... .,.',,:,
. i ,, .1... ui .1.. ..f ti... ri..!. ..i..;,, a r It ....
i;omo nIso was an aggregation of clisror-
I ,alit ..p,. of ,10 orjj.i ai Latins, we
1 kow ,jut iulu . tln-y were found upon the
soil ut the first dawn of history, ami were
probably in some way connected with those
misty and mysterious rovrrs, the I'clasginns,
who were equally a riddle to tho ancients
and the moderns. Tho Sabines, who early
became blended with the Latins, are shown
by antiquarians to be Celts, and probably
the progenitors of tho O liriens and McCon
nels of Krin as well as of tho Catos and
Cipssrs of Koine. This Ktruseans were pro
bably Lydian with a large Hellenic or 1'e
lasginn infusion. Tarquin's father was re
ported to be a Greek from Corinth.
If there be any truth la the notion that a
coiuiuingleinent of many races, tends to in
crease the physical and elevate the mental
powers of linin, the United States Is in a fair
way to present tho highest specimen of bu
inanity the world has ever necn. Here all
the distinctive attributes of every branch of
the descendant of Shcm, Ham aud Japhot
meet, mingle and find a limitless field fo
development. In a hundred years, no Ame
rican "will be able to eay whctKuvbn has
moro Celt or Saxon, Goth or T V."r' blood
in his veins ; and as to Celt andj on and
! i would ho a vi-rv j.IV uh if
tmpossiblo ijiallcr tor many to say wlucli
predominates with them n.
liut to the Census exhibit ;
Troin the New York IIn.ilJ.
It is certain that the Irili constitute lj'"'mwi"l.fto'" "'c K'"C ,""'r,, c,t-"",lUa
far the largest element ill tho foreign popu- where Vindword. of pity could give no r.lief.
lation, being forty-three per cent ot the Since the sun uf Niw.Vcar bas beamed on tho
whole, while (Jcrmany sends twenty-three
per cent, and England but twelve per cent ;
aud estimating the children aud grandchil
dren of Iri.-h parents iu the same proportion
as the per ventage ot the immigrants, wc
come to tho conclusion that the Celtic ele
ment constitutes a very considerable ingre
dient in the w hole of the American popula
tion. There is another conclusion, too, at
which wc arrive, and that is: that there
need be no alarm about excessive emigra
tion either of tho I ri-h or Germans or of
any other nation. The population of foreign
birth form l.uteleveu per cunt, or one-ninth
of the whole inhabitants. 'J he one-ninth,
therefore, is so absorbed by the other eight-
ninths t hot it is rapidly assimilated and lo-t
in the prevailing American element, so as
ultimately to become as much American as
the Americans themselves. I nstead of the
loreign elemeiit moulding the native, it is
moulded by the native, and soon becomes
" racy of the soil." Thi.s is particularly the
ea-e with regard to the Irish and Germans,
who become good republican", and adapt
themselves to the institutions of the country
more rapidly than any other race. It is I
only in the large cities, and in particular!
localities, that the influence of a particular j
foreign nationality, is felt ; but even iu these :
it is eoiitiiiuall counteracted and neutral- j
i.e l bv tb-' prevailing native population, I
which increase.-' iu a more rapid ratio than '
tho foreign. The greatest proportion of
foreign population is to be touud in the j
Noitlnrn and Western States- tin: largest 1
amount of ail in the three Stales ol the L ntoii '
New York, lVini-y 1 vania, and Ohio. j
Tim Irish population prevail iu the fol-1
lowing States New York, Massachusetts,
New Jersey, Vermont, Uhude Island, Con
necticut. .Maine, I'ciinsylvaiiia, Ohio, Illi
nois, Luiiisiatia. Wisconsin, Kentucky, and
Michigan. The Germans iu the follow ing
New York, I'etinsylvania, .Maryland, New
Jersey, Michigan, Louisiana, Texas, Ohio,
Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, and
Wi.scoh.-iu. U he liiiglish prevail in Ncwj
ork, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, New1
Jersey, ( Hiio, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Michi
gan. The other nationalities do not amount
to much iu the: I'nited States. The follow
ing are the chief :
Scotland and Wales,
Lritish America, - -France,
ll rii iu other countries, -I'lacc
of birth unknown,
In addition, therefore,
. - 100,I1S
- n of)
- - 01,00:)
!)."),( l'J. !
- - :-t. j-J7 ;
to the original '
flock, the Celt is the largest element, and '
the Genua u the text tin: one imparting!
fire and energy, and the other ttcadincss !
and indu-try within the sphere of their ope-j
r:itioti. The I'nited States need not be1
ashamed nf the largest item in the annual j
accession to its population, though, from
oppivs.-ion at lioine, it conies here tne poor
The Washington Union, chiming in witli
the New Yoi k l imes, nn advocate for the
acquisition of Cuba, right or wrong, says :
"The more President Fillmore's course
respecting Cuba is dwelt upon, the graver
will be the objections that will ari-o to it.
In view of the past action of m-nrft every
administration since Monroe's time, his con
duct is exceet'ingly reprehensible;."
We cannot for our lives see how the Union
arrives at this conclusion. Certainly not by
assuming that any administration heretofore
i i i i . i .
lias wiiikc'U ai a piratical proceeuings id gei i
possession of neighboring territory in viola
tion of the faith of treaties fur no instance
of the kind, thank Heaven, can bo cited.
And what has Mr. Fillmore done more than
to guard thn fair fame and honorable name
of our republic from this foul reproach?
1 Setter w ould it be if Cuba were' cmbow elled
in the lowest depths of the ocean than that
siu-h a reproach should rest on the untar
nished reputation of our country. Mr. Fill
more has done nothing more than adopt
lneasures for preventing the connitnniatioii of
a piratical scheme for getting possession of
t luli.'i, the success ot ivhieli would justly
have made our government a participant in
the crime, in tin; ev-timntion of tho world and
tho view of prosterify. If this be " reprc-
heiisible," let the Union ''make the most of
' it.' A '''.' Jlrralil.
This is very well put by our contemporary
of Norfolk. Hut if Mr. Fillmore's conduct
has tended to dishonor the country, w by do
not the I )emoeraey of Congress take the
matter in hand ? lf he has submitted to in
sults from Spain, why do they imt resent
them! All power is in their hands and
tl.ey are heaping; dirt upon their owu beads,
in abusing Mr. Fillmore and persisting iu
the same course that he has pursued. 15y
the Constitution, he has no power to declare
war that power is entrusted to Congress.
If cause of war exists, as these people have
again and again assorted, why don't they
proclaim it and go to work at once! What
prevents them ! They have sweeping ma
jorities in both Houses of Congress. IK,
this, or, in tho name of decency, bold your
tongues. Wicli mnntl Whig.
Thn New Orleans papers announce the
arrival in that city of nn English physician
who profestpg to cure UiDduess, deafness
aa'i dumb-fir, by means cf prim? aci 1.
CARRIER'S ADDRESS. -
llriyht and joyous, glad and gay, .
Let us wclcouio Nkw Ycak's Cat. ,
Let us tunc o'ir voices sweet ,
While the opening year we gmt.
Many a gleeful laugh has rung;,
Many a gladsome song been sung I .
Miny a blimli has lit tli face, ' .
Muiy a sniik kas lent a grutu
Many nn tagirr jrlanct has strayed.
Many a loving vow been made,
. Hince time has run bis latest round,
ran JrMas" hTri3pj"brtlie" youug heart Ut n
Aud olten the voice of affection been bushed,
The w ill of tho In Iplcss, the poor srphan's err.
The tig ten r of sorrow the heart-rending si(;li.
Where M..fa; have been tramp e.l, ana L.npir.s
A Tyrant's Dag, uulurltd,
Drove forth ber hero brave
To bavc bin Nation's grave
An Kiilc. Iu.ru to roum
Far from bis youthful home.
While Freedom's gmii.l sb
Went dow n upon the Hun.
Agiiin the lA-spot's blood-stained linnd
Jlalli bound in chains a beauteous laud ;
The steeds of slaughter Hi;.!ly prance,
A :ul crush to earth 'lu lellt 1 r. nee.
Six ( uu(lrs vanish, statesmen wiucs
II in ..Ih the huuliur of The I liucc.
Aain the curtain shifts the scene,
An I mini r win re a Slur lias been;
Ami ' I Onti ' ' f.-alilt,'
Are men ly phanti.ins of a day.
I'roin tlie llc of the sen, the gem of the ccern,
A voice as of waduess, of wildest eominitioii,
oVr ' w-u"- ' I "'
Miclstroom of Ruin around them shi.ll
Tin h.iiid of firm, relentless death,
II is stilled the buoyant Mt. l Lreutll
tlf Ashland's ini'bty sace ;
Tbuse bps cn which u.ute Se nates bung,
Th.t Miiee, in,t luetic tones buVe rui.j;,
..i in .re cur ears og
A N 1 1 1 1 . 1 1 nn. urns her mighty son,
V I uise glorious r.ce on eartli is run,
And ti,.thcs Li rsi If in P . rs ;
No iilher can supKirt bis shield,
No ether c n his sahre w ii Id,
.u irruutl yi t i ppc;. r.
Se iree has the- In rn of the West,
licjM.wd in his i tern. I rest
llinei.tii the sih lit tnmb :
Till Webster toe, the r-t-.tcMiian, Sage,
Tiic I'utrii.t ure, li.. left the it..(;i,
To lufi I bis fill' 1 iis in.
The inipl.ty iMuef of .M .rsbf.eld sleeps,
While over his grave a Xalii.ii weeps,
lltiwripisd in raytess lot.m.
The immmtal 'tltur nr- nuw no more,
II.. ve passed the undiscovi rt d shore
Win re- sorrow caniict come.
While aft.r the ;re-l, the pood or the true,
Tiiroiighuut the w ideraith in thi'iigbt yi u purruc.
Korget not, I ek, in your ;riefi.r y ur jiy,
Tf rem. hiIm r, iu Uineiuss, the Poos 1'aisTtH Per,
Who his bru't you your pi: per in e-nld and in wet.
In ll'Knl.siiiring ram, or fierce driving slu t,
Kernel. its r, reini mher t th, do net fergi t ! !
V siiile ki:id aetitiii m iy a t!;oui;Liid bejjet J
loll 1IIK YEAR
Crmi thrfirtt a fter binntxtilt or I rap Yeart ton
tatnititr 'Mut day; and oftrr the Ath nf Juy,
the 7 TA of Ameii'an Jndrpendrnrf
v ! h rs H m
r- c ' I- 5s "
5 - E c s
1 x P n
e i- t
: o s" i
': : j; ? I
a 3 4 a (5 7
9 10 11 l' la 14 l.i
io n is in ao ai a a
a:i ai ao ao a7 a- an
FEBRUARY 1 2 3 4ft
0 7 H 'J 10 11 12
l:l 14 lo 10 17 19 IU
ao a i aa a3 ai 23 ao
MARCH 1 2 3 4 5
6 7 B 0 10 11 12
13 l; 15 10 17 19 19
ao 21 aa 23 a 4 25 20
a7 as ai 30 31
APRIL 1 2
3 4 5 0 7 8 9
10 11 la 13 14 15 10
17 l 19 20 21 22 23
ai a." ao 27 as) an 3d
MAY 1 3 3 4 5 0 7
h 0 10 11 ia 13 it
n 10 17 is in ao 21
aa 23 at 25 ao a? 23
au 30 31
JUNE 1 2 8-4
5 0 7 8 9 10 11
ia n 11 i" 10 17 is
19 ao 21 22 23 21 25
20 27 as ao 30
JULY 1 2
3 4 5 0 7 8 9
10 11 ia 13 It 15 10
17 18 19 a0 21 22 23
21 25 20 27 2H 29 30
AUGUST 1 2 3 4 5 C
7 8 9 10 11 12 13
I 1 15 10 17 19 19 20
21 22 23 21 23 20 27
2s 29 30 31
SFrTEMBER 12 3
4 5 0 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 10 17
is 9 'g0 21 22 23 24
25 20 27 28 29 30
2 3 4 5 0 7 9
0 10 11 12 13 U 15
10 17 IS 19 20 21 22
23 21 23 215 27 29 29
NOVEMBER 1 2 S 4 5
i 0 7 8 0 10 11 13
13 11 15 16 17 IS 19
20 21 22 23 21 25 28
27 29 29 30
DECEMBER 1 2 S
4 5 0 7 9 10
II 12 13 14 15 18 17
18 19 SO 21 ?3 38 ?4
C5 20 T! 29 CD DO SI