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HOLT ON & WILLIAMSON,
KldTOllH AND l'lturlllkTOKfl.
Tl.. rtl..ei.r.,lin. Vi,i will h ,(Tn,.I..A ..
(uU rilHr- U TWO IMJI.LAkS in udv.nue, er I
" :r"". V!.ffl:
Uol.r.AlW.tU..eHd.-tiH,r. Nu,.aV,wllat 'pocket hau.lk erclii f tS l.nr f
... , I 11 .11 ,..., . i -. P-H-Blt liailtlklllLIlt to lief face,
. eJim'oiilinucd until uil arrearage, lire p-il, ti.
cijil ul the iiilion ol thu Lditurs.
Aih'i rlinonifiilii inserted atOnr Dollnrpcr tquira
C linen nrli'ni, lliia mzrJ t y k ) liir Die tirt intr.
lion. 3 J ei nt fur eauh cuiiliiiu.uiro. Court sd.
virli nd Sliiritl ' ,SjIm rlmrrrd 5 pfr
cfii!. 'liijiirr ; and deduction of .'i;ij x r cent, will
he mule Irp'ii th n-jrul-r prices, for advcrtiHcrs by
ilii- yrjr, Ailvortistnifiits iiiiMrtcd ninntJily nr.
.jiiirii rly, t 91 cr sou ire fur ruch time, rienii.
uidii flily 75 cents iki s:uuro tor eoch time.
,1 not lie sttended to.
i r I'avmenU can be made to either.
PoBtinustcrs re authoriicd to act us agents.
From the Cotton
U'e rec'Hi.rnil the followinp iipiriti tl lmc lo t'te
n aiirri of tlic Pulton I'l.int. It WBihandtiJ u ly
i t Hth iunn who ftifurm ui, that it i a coinjw.-
Vr inrnofiiirrj Knjibnd
Who fr n cr'x w p am! monn,
Who it-r all i.thtra f.ni!ii v tlr;..r.
Hut t.lmk it all your own ;
Vou hvtjKx ritc, frt out the beam
I'.rt you bfj-in !i try
To wiH ow.iy thr mot tho t tlima
Your Vnk-y nM!ibor't yr.
Nay, Jotsny Hull, no long r roll
Your cyr.b.j(4 up to Hc-vtii,
Nor i!i vatr your hdinln btriinM
With phitritettn Invm,
'l ili you ha given ti Uio poor
A Nirlion of yuiir If
Anil t"( tl ' ir- ii.t rrit-fl 1'urkhaiujt.
rti!(i,iii lliftl thyhrir."
Who iiit! rnfouraijtd Ucry
I piiti i.nr WcnttTii hofr,
Mi tV'rn tin kjimI ot A:nt a
Thr ht Iph n tM t-r' F
'i hi I'.itlH r that 1 j;t tlier, J.ihn,
lie did tue tlwd commit,
And thuu wat nouriahtd on the ffp'tilt,
'i'ix.u ranting hyjtriU,
Y u "V enr !in! is fr'nr u;n
Yut ma tiMmt huf jiiiiI drk.
Hut irr th i-rowt ttiBi futl you, J hn
In evi ry Vnkry h.rk
Yuur toiling, nUrvinj;, fl nh an! l;h-od
I i y ten ol lliuuflutidft tome,
And tlul thry iiiv t mj,'ro fjrc,
ijuil kimtri'd frit uC and luritr.
In .frn i t'ic in pro rr.;in
May roam na Irrf atr.
Hut iiativr h fr, tin- lint nuch rontnnntd
uu e-iniiot nx him linr
While trre and m rry KiiyUiid
1 1. !.). Million in in nr w..v
Who, iumjM tiny ju.t M. ir !Uliur gravta,
Wuuhl hml ttnd Uas thr day.
Tht; pajtora pay that you havt ua'krd
Miliai and Altn-U r Sttt,
To come and sit you, and that mH?
Ilia a.ud tiny mil go:
They'll jjo and ahr.w t ir hnrdimntf kn"bs.
And if you like ttu ir feature
I'r.iy i ud your iiun ttiou m vt
To th in and !! tin H v In rn.
Wt'Ml all rnnfifa thrn, Johnny dtir,
Y' u nri ni"r' kimllv rwn,
'lo sit ill ttiia huriJi-u lrnt our b.ick.
And lay it on your own ;
Hut re it Imk Im tt ton; tin r .
'1 run inf. you'I nil ajfrct,
Thut jm r -,titad, tin y
i'ho old man f f the am.
cousirj nn.LY gray.
TTer 11 I UU
iini;. Is he
Ai s ien il nii.-l
" Ha! ha I ha! cried li II (irosvenor, "see
Vuu yonder cuntry gawky; as I live he
ii beckoning the coiiilnnaii ; luw if he
get in there'll be fun, for I do love to
I'l-Vue these green ones, why M illy how
jou do open your great blue eyes, you ai'i t
Irightencd, are you! look at her Annie;
ha, lm, ha, just look M her."
" Hut you aro not in earnest, liell," faid
Miily timidly shrinking back into her seat,
" J'OU Would not be so impolite, so "
" Our jioliteiies.s is reserved for the city,
dear, broke in Annie; "we consider such
fellows as that iiobodici; and if they don't
want to bo laughed at, why they must take
an outside place with the coachman, that's
" Then you won't catch n.-' Kilting on the
fame neat with you," exclaimed Milly,
with a bmk of alarm, springing away from
le r cousins, and rsconsing herself oppo
site. "S.. much the belter." cried liell, with
a merry laugh ; " wo can have a good time
with both of hush! here he cmiics oh!
Annie ulo,i -i f,i .1.1 "
The young man, unbuttoned the coach or rather danced over the beautiful pros-,
door himself, for the horses were going up pe ts of lit Ids, and trees and rose-lined
hill, and springing up the steps rather awk- paths; she, innocent heart, had nothing to
hardly, on ncc'.ii.it of a large portmanteau reproach her-elf with, and gladly wonhF
I"' held, seated hiin-elf on the scat near j her cousins have cxchangi d places with
Milly. l!e and Annie exchanged looks her.
ud bit their lips. Millv hugged the back I They sat very silent, trembling and al si
"f the coach, blushing eninisou with shainu fainting, till the stage drew up Lear the.
for her cousins, and the country greeny, , broad entrance to the l,.ctor's grounds ;
-ho wore a very much noilcd cat and a they were still undecided, w hen ilie coaeh
rliockin' cap, over which a light thin mini faid, "The young ladies are to stop
handkerchief wal thrown, and fastened ! here, I believe;" and unstrapped the trunk
under his chin, looked up at them demure- j from the huge tongue.
v. Once when ho Pould let but liotie,. ' Henry .lames, niter a moment's embarrass,
lhat their mirth w as himself, he- suddenly j incut, stepped back to, thu door, and w uh a
1'iit his hand to his throat, as if to unite his bright smile al Milly, said, as if nothing un
iiliconil, e,,-, r.L r the ends of the ! tdeiisalit had transpired, " U ill you allow
handkerchief but pausing, ho nocmed to
have changed his mind, and let Iheui alone.
' W'on.t you have iny vinaigrette, Milly
dear,' aaitl lV.ll, with an arch suidc, and a
-kidu gUucu at thu sUiu-gur.
i IS, . ,
iiinnii f i fe ' , V " , I,,to a ru:,ft
... gina uiiL-cKH were uin-
J a.KU "'7 ""' coz, exclaimed liell,
Pnng , "tlie air in this coach in fall y
"J til II nk vou." Hnul M e .. 1 1. mJ I.
... i .. ..i i- " .. . . "
-.f...v .n.uc mu, iwuihii, Hum, iit.r mm ,
wtiiinicu, i ui) not need it."
1 I. ..I LL I -I . .. ..
! W ... ..." l n . . ... . . t
It It : I '""". ". mmi
C ' "Vr. ,0"e' e",," M,"j-0 I
...... Bti.n, " uere e can mii.tiort I
yon, you nuvn l rjiiiin rimm enough ihc that I
Ht'tr." i v-..
'I'lic thoughtlesH girl Hturted, for a blazing
I'lf' k f't:cbu'r,tfioHgli thut quick,- piercing
glance, with the fire of fifty outraged dig- (
liitie coiiceiitractcd within it.
" If you please, cousin l!tll, ."aid Milly, j
innr.i ut.Iilr ilw.ti 11-v 1lpi.Mi.1r.1l .In.
rntmiiiil ' drill t HimrtV iiii ;iiiv iitfirp I
am better pleased with my scat than vour
iudc.es- ;"aud the pretty face looked as if 1
il was g-ing to cry I
! The vouiiLMiian turned oiiieklv. the bard
I. ...I .......i" ..I .... 1 1 i.;u i
rJiironii inn. it-4 .1 11. " lit1 ,
inoiith, melted into fomcthiiig akin to 11 :
pleased hinile, while the two rebuked con-
ins were very angry, as any one migiit
hae seen. j
There was 110 more comnicnt until the !
coach stopped again, this time to take up ! or a Dr. James for a husband. 'I bey are,
a fat old lady, with a well worn bonnet, ! however, ery gay and fashionable, if that
loaded down with iinnini. ruble band-boxes is any eompcnsaliiiii ; but Miih, wcct Mil
and bundles, tno?t of whii h she in.-ited , ly, lives iu a beautiful ullu in a country
011 carrying into the coach with her. Here .town, as happy and devoted a w ile and moth
was plenty of material fir tin- merriment ; er as can be lound in the wide, wide world,
of the tboilL'litles.s i-i-ters. lie 11 declared
that tho baud-boxes must have once cmi- tTni'v w ti ii Mnir
tained old Mrs. Noah's be,t bonnet, and MOM Willi A -MOl.AL.
Annie persisted thut if so, that identical M 0 '""' "f "r particular iiu iuls
b.-nnct was befiirc them. will aj ply to tl.ciiiM-lves the poi trait ois-
No fcmcr was the coach door opened " ' f'd'.muiig 'ketch :
than out sprang the stranger, and taking j Some years ago Mr. 1!., an Amctican
sundry things from the old lady, deposited , gontleniaii, ha iug di-co eied son.c new pro
them carefully in the in-ide, all but one, ccs by which he tli.nigl.t money c.mM be
which ibe tceitied very choice about; but made in Knglaml, concluded to try hU fjr
just as she iierf irined the laborious feat of tune iu I.-mduii. 'cry soon after hit ani-
stei mnL' lu-t wit uu tie! (lo-ir. !oii r rd
the paper with a crash; something as"lthe leading juinnal
- destroyed, and licit mid Annie. eliioviiiL' s c the cdit-ir. Ilewa
her real distress at the accident, burst inl.i
another iuit.crtiiieiit l.-iuiih. .
i The old lady could n 't avoid looking
towards them, and as her hair was a litlie
scnle.l a sight appearing lo them so miicu
lous, that they hid their faces almost c jIi
; vulscd w ith mil th.
! " Are these your si-tcrs, sir!" ;lie askid
ll.iidlv, tuiliile,' to the in iitieluall.
" 1 hope not, madam," he nuswrr
alow ai:U ieeiurcd t..u, "my ri.-t -.
Jiect nu'C, to them gray hairs are lm sacred
for ttilliiij'.'' lie did li it wince in the b a-t
under the angry glance ol
'OUl I'll t I V Mil IK
.I ; !.ut .Millv
ha t tin .Mil her thick Veil
'.mi, and U.I3
weeping to bclself.
" 1 am going to the lem-e i f I'r. .lames ;
do jou know him, sir." a-k.d tiie old Inly
after a few niomeiits.
" I should, tna.li for he is my father V
said the stranger with a smile.
The fiu-hed cheeks of Ui 11 grew in-talit'y
pale, her eyes met tiio-e of her coinpani m,
ui h .i;u lace a similar n.ieti ;u had taken
"My son, l'r.fi-.-or I. , b. el. ire-in
Taunt .ii t i-iiL'hl, and as 1 have seldom the
pleiisnr- listening to him. he ii 1 1 n
away, 1 thought 1 would make an efloit to
isit your father. Voung man, jou do
him honor," she continued, with a gratified
look, " vou have his , ves and l.i- fore
head I should know tin in " the Strang r
bad lifted his cap. !'.keii oil the handker
chief, and was wiping tie: moisture from a
magnificent brow, above which the j -t
black curls bung thick and silkily. " I
.-hall have the pleasure nl-o of meeting ley
son at your bouse, and acquainting him
with your politeness towards .t strange old
woman, w ho w as the subject of some let
very flattering remarks."
She did not glance this time towards the
young' ladies, if she had she Would have
pitied them; tley sat cowering down com
pletely cre.-t fallen. It w as, indeed, a pretty
kettle of li-h I ley had prepared fir them
selves. They, too, were going for the same
purpose of hearing l'rolessor L , one of
the most brilliant lecturers of the day, and
who bad almost been bewitched by the
sparkling beauty of 11.11 llroveiior, whin
a guest a; her father s iu the city ; so much,
so that lie had been heard to declare that
lie knew not another woman who no
to possess so many desirable qualities for a
wile. And strangely enough they were
going to tlie very house ol liie man nicy
had uu grossly iusiilled ; for they never
could have dreamed the g (i(X' to be tho
only son of I heir mother s friend, the rich
and influential l'r. .lames. They knew,
indeed, that he had been for some time
expected home from bis tour in Kurope,
but his travi'l-slained attire, and his silence,
had completely deceived thclll.
Meanwhile Milly recovered a little from
her trouble ; the envious veil w as thrown
back, the two poiitiii;
equanimity, the -lad
lips restored to tlie ir
ui. -Try eves, all the
. bitchier lor tho little
v.adi td tears, re-ted.
inn to assist you out young lauies now
daintily ho conducted her to the ground ;
but ns the others doseeiided there was u chil
lin" reserve iu his maimer, and a painful
tuutusiou iu theirs, that told how indelible
""wvcor au.l far sitter
the ne xt day : tli
cy 'iOU.J nut endure lo meet
I rofcssor L
ill thu presence ol his moth
er, but thev will nroba dv tre
asurc lor li IV:
-not to iud,c b external ,
-"t to judge b.ternh..H,,. to treat old
.f ' " '" r"uh " holy
t lOlll. I it mole, I ,, . ;.. ....1.1... .1: '
u u... i . r oiij jm i ..
1,ul 1 al" " P""'oiiics.s oriiiian, li
" lint you arc tho snnie Mil'y Cray that
Baiontne l.ack neat of the ol.l Ma ... and
i,ted ifclltc f u and
ai umi. u hen f fu. r...l
e, pmud ;irln woul.!
ic 1UU"UUU UOHll l ie UIICOll' 1 c,, mitre.
... I ......!... .1 .1 .1
man. l-'roni fcliat moment 1 b.v : v..m .
still.jiure when I nerceived jour ilelieate
..... ll:ii .10 Jill- ln,l....'.. j-... . ,. .
iueteiiiiv. no true mail' ft uforwiv,.
pimvs with one who would in.-ult prey hair?,
there is little heart in such a one, however
faultless the exterior, and I have such cx-
'iretnn ri.Vi.r,!!!-,. f,,r lln. u,,,m1 ll.'.f n h v. t 1
inrr iiniin.ihl( f.tr nin tn ivriPi'ji; r.'iinn over :
me when I witnessed the behavior of your
cousins ; they may be wealthy, highly cdu-!
cated, f i-cinating ; but 1 would no more wed
one of them than I w ould i.lay wiih a ratt e
...t - .. Tl ' i i I.... . .... M;it.. '
" ii"ii . j . v 1 . .jici 1111 . . iiuj fj'jt
up love, and let me tell you that in my eyes
j.iu are worth millions i.ay, more than all
Hell and Ai.i.ie (Jro.-vcnor are b
!cd, but m itln r of them has a 1'i oli
ul lie vi sent. -d linn-ell at t:.e ollice ol
csireO to "I,
name and bu.-i!ie.-, wliii
auer was speedily bro
be .ii I, an
ht that the cdi-
tur w as engaged. J'.y dint of
cy, he at la-t MictveiU.l in inal.in r lo- w 'V
to the ro 'iii ol the sub-edit. ir, an 1, baviie;
l.en-r found atij- dilheiilly in o' tai;.iie' u
hearing from gentlemen "I the .ie.-s in hi.s
ottiicouiitrj w here the time ol aa editor ii
coii-idered almost public property, he j,ro
t"' :Ued :it o'.ce t j explain l.i- ui -e j i I y,
Hi- tliat It would Ijc received as a la-
vor, sihI iuiy gluiiticu, as a no. iter ol coarw
in the next day s i 1 1 . r : 1 1 In fore he
fail Iv made his beginning, leiwevcr, the -uli-ciitor
cut him short, politely but hiiu'.v, f
- a : 1 1 g
hi., di -i
w ill arr
I no t nut to -pale, am
I.i-i vi-it-ir s ol j. ct u a - t j
noticed. " W by, v.--,
" it can't be dime, -ir.
write' whatever y"i hi
.f in lr.-e on will lea . e
:ltl 'C with V'
r sir." Fin
went to the
el K 111 t lie
fi to the tenc. (
::g him-, If bowed
Hire, w her" he was
and priii. r. sat .o
f ii r
iwn. ni-lc 1 w ith pi n. ink
and in the c .. r-e of S'One
produced an editorial par-,
t w ice that number of iines.
e l to the cb-rk, no re'v a
rat'b ol rli-p-'I'lii-
1 I I, r It b. I '.el' it
would appear the n t .lay.
" ( 'ertainly, sir, leli; 'i I il
" Vis. sir, i:; ilie
" I presuille Won'
im'-i tvoe iis,-d in tl
" Uiiy, -.sir. I
" In t fiat ca-e, si
1 1 t w
h it in the
pap. r :
-, I shoidii J
sir. the charge will be t
large will Le
it in smaller, live."
took his manuscript and withdr
I NCI.F. TOM.
The Fun 'gin correspondent of the New
ark lLiily .dverti- r, writing from lresdcii.
Sax uiv, ! an. li, -ays :
' A few week- ago, at tie' annual fair ill
llres.leii, one ol the greatest e iriosiiie, ot the
day was a negro woman with a large iron
ring in her n 'se, r. presented a-' o to. itive
from slavery. She was pictured up"ii the
hiiiliiiiig chained by the ring,
. holding a long whip in his
g by. I he admittance was
tits F. S. currency. Thou-
sands flocked to see her, in order to gather
from life an idea of American slavery. It
was a goo I speculation fir the exhihito:-,
whoso "name I was not aide to learn. I
uiider-fand the above from a travelling ex
hibition, making a tour of the whole of Ku
rope. 'I his exhibition, pretending to re
present the cruelties ot Aino ican slavery,
together with extreme piety, a- r. prc-ent-cii
in I'l.cle Tom, and the superiority of in
tcbect, as represented in Klin a and ileorge
of Flicle Tom's Cabin, and the theatre, are
creating a universal feeling of hat red among
the masses of Kurop.i against the r. publican
government of the I nited States. And
monarchists are taking advantage ol it
through the newspapers to add fuel to the
lire, to overwhelm that spark of indepen
dence which was kindled through the whole
of Kurope in I "'I "-
The above is only additional evidence
that the Toui'Cibiu party in the l'nited
States are ' The friends of every country
but their ow u.
hdlueiice of I neb' I "in s ( alun
thus far has been to mai-.e Amcricn liber
ty a reproach and terror, win re it was last
year a star of hope to tie' ri-ing millions of
Vbin.tie. Thus the book has been a cur
: the book has b
to the oppressed of other Ian-Is,
has heard of its doing any good
A party of hunters, ti-'agcd iu dig ring
after a fox, which had burrowed in a clitl
on Pine Creek, irginia, recently discover
ed a vein of quart, mingled with a yellow
mineral, which upon being assayed, prove. i
tube gold. The vein is eight feet, wide,
eleven inches thick, and of unknow n leu- th.
mid a s.did foot of the quail, will J led.l,
upogl auaveiiMii'c, slit-oca dollars
THK PKUNIDEXT !' THE C. S'I'AL'KS. !
C0U.MUV.MFA ! It is Jltlicf to feci that DO
lluul but my own can klovv the personal re-
K"t and hitter sorrow! over winch I have
po-itioii,fo suitable for oth-
i-l's nil no- .,. .l..:,1.4, f... ....If
J he circumstances 'iiiidcr
, ....... . IIIHII Ut.311 UI'IL IUI illt.Slll.
i tihder w liich I have :
been called, fur a limit
it. period to preside ,
r'''t ,lie dctinic.': of ihi Kcjmblic, lill inc
tiioiouml .cnso of rein,ii.-ihilitv. but
with nothing like hl.rii.kiiig apnrelien-ioii. I
ri't'1111' t.ie po.-t as i.'iifld me, not as to one
sought, Lilt iu obcdicnco to the unsolicited
cxpresMoii of jour wil!,' swerablc only for
lr:n-L.:t C..;.l.l'.. '
ti .A ,i t i - ui
the nation's confidence
rwj iiiaiiireotsliott ot
; but I his, solar from
lightening my obligat'e.ns, only adds to their
1 on Lave huiiiiiioiieu me ill my
; yon uiu.-t su. tain mc by your
U hen looking for the fulfilment
ot reasonable lequireiuems, you wiil not be
,JI""""!l"1 ol iIm' tnai a"i-' "I"'1' ave
occurred, even within the last quarter ol a
' ' ' 11,1 1 "'""- """''
complexity of duties imposed, in the ad-
... l .1. e .. 1 1 i ..'...!
tn i ii i -1 ration both of your home and foreign
hcther the clement" of inherent force iu
th wed- l'"'public have kept pace with its unpar
or j ulbdcd progression iu territory, population.
ami wealth, has l.cen thu suhji ct ot earnest
thought and discussion on both sides of the
ot. mi. J, ess than sixty. four years ago, the
Fat In r of hi- Country nnidc " the." then ' re
cent accession of tin: important State of
North Carolina to the Constitution of the
L'nited Slates " ono of the subjects of his
sp. cial eoiigratu'.ati iu. At that moment,
however, when the agitation consequent up
on the revolutionary s.lriiggie had hardly
subsided, when we were ju-t emerging from
tho weaknes-s nud cuibarras-sineiita of the
con fed i ration, there was an evident consci
ousness of vigor, equal to the. great mission j,
so wi.-eiy ami iiraveiy Kiniieu Ly our lath
ers. 1 1 w as not a resunqitr.eius assurance, but
a calm faith, springing h'oin a clear view of
tiie sources of power, in a govci liniei.t con
stituted like ours. Jt is. no paradox to say
that, although comparatively weal., the new
born nation was iutniiM.ally strong. Incon
siderable in po; illation mid a parent re
sources, it was upheld U n brocd and intel
ligent comprehension of rights, und an all
pci vailing pu'-po-c to m intain tii-'in. strong
er than armament-. It came fr::.i the fur
nace of the devolution, tcmperc l t) the ne
cessities of the times. ' he tle.oIL'ht.s of the
uu. n of that day were is r radical as their
sen'.'inei.ts w ere .ill 'tot''. They w.i.-te'd no
portion of their cm rgirt upon idle and de-lu-ive
speculation . but t.ilh a fir tn and fcar-le-s
st' p ailvaiu etl bey i'l the governmental
landmarks, w hich had htherto circuiiisci i
bed the limi'.s i huiuah freedom, and la.,t-
c 1 th. ir stan 1: rd v, I
danger-which haw I lire L led tr en ai. l
and i lit mal a.liatioll .hi.-h has at times
f. arfully menaced at bote. They approv
cd the lu-clvc-i ( qual to tie .- lute, n of the
great problem, to un.l. . land which tin ir
minds hud been iiluiiiinat d I v the dawning
li.l.ts of the 11. 'Volution. The object sought
was not a thing dreamed if: il was a thing
realized. They had cxhid'o d le t only the
power to achieve, but wil all i.i-L.ry af-linii-
ti be so much mot' ui..l-ual, the ca-
acity to maintain. The pressed through
i.it the world, from that av t the present,
have tinned their eyes lit herw aid, not to.
find tho-e lights t xiingui led, or to tear lest
they should , ui.e, but to b coii-tanlly clieer
i'd by their steady and k-reaing radiance.
In t'ais our country ha, iu my judgment,
thus far fulfilled its high.-t duty lo suffer
ing humanity. It has spkeii, and will con
tinue to speak, not only K its words, butby
its acts, tlie language of jmpathy, encour
agement, and hope, to tb-e who earnestly
li.-icii to tones which pronuuee for the larg
e t rational liberty. A m, after all, the most
animated cncouragemriiian.'. potent appeal
for freedom will be its on hi.-t -ry, its trials
and its triumphs, l'lv-ciiu. ntiy the power
of our advocacy repos- in our example ;
but no example be it r.n. -inhered, can be
powerful for lasting goo whatever appar
ent advantages may be -lined, which is not
based upon eternal pr'i iplcs of right ami
in-tlee. Our fathers dec led for themselves.
i..,tl. hi il,,. lir i,-. -'dare and the hour
to striite. They were In ir ow n judges 0f
the circumstances und' which it became
them U pledge to cachother ''their lives,
their foi'Mnes, and theii-ae red honor, " f-r
the acqiii-itiou of the plccless inheritance
transmuted tons. Thivncrgy with which
that gl cat conflict w as of ned, and limit r the
gui lance of a manifest. id beiielicviit Prov
idence, the: uncoiiiplaiviig endui'ince w ith
which it was pro.-icut.'dj its consummation,
were only surpassed by'he wisdom and pa
triotic spirit of couccssia which character
ize. I ail the counsels of ifl early fathers.
I ne of the
that wisdom L
t j be ljud ill the fact, that
the actual working ofjur system has dis
pelled a degree of solitude, which, at the
outset, disturbed bold jartsahd far reach
ing intellects. The a pcheusions of dan
gers from extended .trritery, multiplied
States, accumulated Wiith, and augmented
population, has pioveito be unfounded.
'I he stars uponyour Jinie-r have bee 't;io
nearly thrcc-iohfiheli' dgiual number, vour
densely populated po-.-oioli- .-kil l the sh d. s
of the two great ocan; and yet this v a-t
ine rca-e! of people' and irritory lias not only
shown itself eonipati' hwith the harue)i,i-..i-ae'tion
of the State- ad the Federal Gov
ernment in their iv- elite c in-situti"i.al
spheres, but has ad'.u-id an additional gu.ar
ai.tee iit'llu sir, n-th lid into-Tit V of both.
vv:.i .:' .-.ilo... ,";.,,...(;,.-.
il lill ,111 e. i' I o ie . .....- v .
cheering, the policy i luy Admim tiatiou
I will not be ceiiitrolleiey any timid ford '
: dings of evil from i'uiision. In-h id, il i
nut to be disguise d I at our attitude as a
; nation, and our p .-it.son the globe, render
the acquisition of .main possessions, let
! w ithin our jurisilieiiiti eminently important
i for our protecli v.i, iilt, iu the future, es
sential for the prc-irvthiu of the ri
! eoiiiinerce and the tare of the w
! Should they be
ai.d, it will ho thi-oj
grasping spirit; La w-.th a vie to d...
GTH 16, IBS
iou.i mitional inlcic.' t and cocui ity, find in a
mannor cntindv con.-iteiit with tho ctrictot
! obscrvaucc of national faith. We have noth
ing in our lii.-toiy or position to invito ag-frrest-iou.-;
wc have every thing to beckon us
to tho cultivation of relations of peace and
amity with all nation?, l'm-jiocc", therefore,
at once jut and pacific, will be sirnilieaiitly
tn'irl;ei in flip fiiwlnrt nnr f. i r. i ir 1 1 !ifl:iir4
i illU.ld tllat . Adniini.-tratioii hhall leave
,, Llo, on our flir
' record, and trust I may
safely give the assurance that no net within
the legitimate scope of tnj- constitutional con
trol will be tolerated, ou the part of any
portion of our citizens, which cannot chal
lenge a ready justification before the tribu
nal of the civilized world. An admiuisti-'i-houie,
or n.-peei u'u.uad, Kliuukl it cease to
te influenced by the conviction, that no ap
parent advantage can be purchased at a
price so dear a-i that of national wrong or
dishonor. It is not your privilege, as a na
tion, to speak uf a distant pa-t : The stri
king incidents of your history, replete with
instruction, and furnishing abundant grounds
for hopeful coiifidct.ee, are comprised in H
period comparatively brief. Iiut if your pa.-t
is limited, your future is boundless. Its oh-
;.,.; s tllroii the unexplored pathw
- 1 .... 1
II v ol
advancement, and will Le limitless as mira
tion. Hence, a sound and comprehensive
policy should embrace, not less the distant
future than the urgent present.
The great objects of our pursuit, as a peo
ple, are be.-t to be attained by peace, and
are entirely consistent with the tranquility
and interests of the rest of mankind. With
the neighboring nations upon our continent,
we would cultivate kindly and fraternal re
lations. Wit can desire nothing in regard to
them so much as to see them consolidate
their strength and pursue the paths of pros
perity and happiness. If, in the course of
their growth, we .should open new chimin Is
of trade, and create additional facilities for
friendly intercourse, the benefits realized will
: equal and mutual. i'l the complicated
ui'opeali sv.-teiii of national polity we have
heretofore been independent. From their
wars, their tumults nud anxieties, we have
been, happily, almost entirely exempt.
Whilst the.-e are confined to the nations
which gave them existence, and within their
legitimate jurisdiction, they cannot alVectus,
excej t as they appeal to our sympathies in
the t '.gc of human freedom and universal
adv ancumeiit. lint the va.-t interests of com
merce are common to all mankind, and th.
advantages of trade and international inter
course must always present a noble lie-Id for
the mural influence of a great people.
With these views firmly and honestly car
ried out, we have a right to expect, and shall
under ail circumstances- require, prompt re
ciprocity. The rights which belong to us as
a nation are not alone to be regarded, but
tho-e which pertain to every citizen in his
individual capacity, at home and abroad,
mii-t be sacredly maintain!' .. Sj long as
he can di.-cern evory star in its place upon
thai ensign, without we;tlth to pun:ha?c for
li-'n preferment, or title to secure lor hi in
place, it wiil be his privilege, and mu t be
his acknowledged right, to stand umlashed
even iu the presence of princes, with a proud
i consciousness that he is himself one of a mil
! lion of sovereigns, and that he cannot, iule-,
: gitimate pursuits, wander so far from home
that the agent whom he shall leave behind,
in the place which 1 u .vv occupy, will not see
' that no rude baud of power or tyrannical
passion is laid upon him wiih impunity, lie
must realize that upon every sea and on ev
ery soil, where our enterprise may rightful
ly seek the protection of our flag, American
citizenship is ni. inviolable panoply for the
security of American rights. And , iu this
connexion, it can hardly be necessary to re
afhrm a principle which should now be re
garded as fundamental. The rights, steii
ritv, and repose of this Confederacy reject
the idea of interference or c .Ionization on
this side of the ocean by any foreign power!
beyond present jurisdiction as utterly inad-j
The opportunities' of observation, furni-h-c
1 by my brief experience ai a soldier,
confirmed in n y mind the opinion, enter
tained and acted upon by others from the
for in at i ui of the (iovcrnment, that the main
tenance of large standing armies in our,
country would be not only dangerous, but
unnecessary. Thcv also iliustrated the im-
portance, 1 might well say the absolute
necessity, ot the military science and prac
tical skill furnished in such an eminent de
gree by the institution which has made your
army what it is, under the discipline and
in-truction of officers not more distinguish
ed for their solid attainments, gallantl y, and
devotion to the public service, than for un
obstrusivo bearing and high moral tone.
The army, as organized, must be the nu
cleus around which, in every time, of need,
the strength uf your military power, the
sure bulwark of your defence a national
militia may be readily formed into a well-lii-eii'lincd
and eliicieiit organization. And
the skill and self-devoiion of the navy as
sure you that you may take tlie pcrlormaiice
of the past as a pledge for the future, and
may confidently expect that the Hag, which
has waved its untarnished folds over every
sea, will still flout in undiminished honor.
Iiut these, like many other subjects, will be
appropriately brought, at a future time, to
th.: attention of co-ordinate branches of
the liovci'iimont, to which I shall always
look with profound rc-peet, and with trust
ful conlideiiee that they will accord to me
the aid and support which I shall so much
need, and which their expcriciice and wis
dom will rea. lily .suggest.
In the administration of d-mie.-tie affairs
you expect a devote d integrity iu the public
service, and uu observance ot rigid economy
in ail departments, so marKe
I as never just
ly to be .pi.'stiom il. li I his reasonable expec
tation be not realized,! frankly c 'iifc-s that
one uf your leading hopes is .loomed to dis
appointment, ami that my efforts, in a vcry
importaiit particular, mu-t result iu a hu
miliating failure. OtVu-es can Improperly
regarded only in the light of aids for the
accompii-linu'iit cf the se objects ; and as
occupancy can confer no prerogative, nor
uiiato desire lor lierleruiiiit 'iv
Saudi they Ix toasiJcri;-! with sole rvfer -
the psiblh: interest imperatively
J ciicc to the duties to be performed. Good
I citize ns may well claim the protection of
'good laws and the benign influence of gooel
government ; but a claim for cilice is what
the people of a republic should never re-
cognise. No reasonable man of any party
will expect the administration to be so re-
ganllcss of its responsibiliiy, and of thu
obvious elements of success, as to retain
persons known to be under the influence of
political hostility and partisan prejudice in
positions which will require, not only severe
labor, but cordial co-coperation. ' Having
no implied engagements to ratify, no re-
wards to bestow, no resentments to reiiicm-
bur, and no personal wishes to consult, in
'.Kclcc tioiis for official stations, I shall fulfil
j'inotive as '.v..,,-vn... . 4 , .....
i pos-ition; which does not contemplate an
j efficient discharge of duty and the best iu-
(.-rests of my country. I acknowledge my
j obligations to the masses uf my countrymen,
and to them alone. Higher objects than
'personal agoraudizciiiciit gave direction and
energy to their cxeitions in the late can
vass, and they shall not be disappointed,
j They require at iny hands diligence, integri
ty, and capacity, wherever there are duties
i to be perfo rined. Without these qualities
;in their public servants, more stringent
! laws for the prevention or punishment of
fraud, negligence and peculation, will be
I vain. With them, they will be titiiiccssary.
! Hut the-e are not the only points to
' which you look for vigilant watchfulness.
The dangers of a concentration of all power
I in the General lovcrntuent of a confcler
! a.'v so vast as ours are too obvious to be dis-
regarded. You have a right, therefore, to
i expect your agents, in every department,
to regard strictly the limits imposed upon
! tin in by the Constitution of the l'nited
States. The great scheme .if our constitu
tional liberty rests upon a proper disti mil
lion ofpoWer I" tvv ecu the State and Federal
authoi ities ; and experience has .shown that
; the harmony and happiness of our people
must dtpend upon aju.-t discrimination be
tween the separate rights and responsibiii-
: lies of the Staffs, and vour common
- rights and obligation' under tho General
1 Government. And hi re, in in v opinion, are the
considerations which should firm the true
' ba.-is of future concord in regard to the
questions which have mo t seriously dis
turbed public tranquility. If the Federal
Government will confine itself to the cx-cn-isp
nf powers clearly granted by the Con
stitution, it can hardly happen that its action
upon any question should endanger the in
stitutions of the States, or interfere with
their right to manage
mcstic according to th
' In cxprcs.-ing briefly my views upon an
important subject, which has recently agi
tated the nation to almost a fearful degree,
am moved by no other impulse than a mo.-t
can. iet desire for the perpetuation of that
nio:i which has made us what we are
showering upm us blessings, an 1 conferring
a power and influence which our fathers
could hardly have anticipated, even with
their nest sanguine hopes directed to a far
oil' future. The sentiments I now announce
were not unknown before tin: cxpr. s-ioii of
the voice which ca'led mo lu re. My own
position upon this . subject w as clear an I un
equivocal, up in lie: record of my words and
my ads and it is oulv recurred to at this
time because si'eneo might, perhaps, be mis- J
construed. Willi the L mon iny Lest and
deaiost ear'bly hopes are entwined. With
out it, what are we, individually or collec
tively ? What becomes of the noblest field
ever opened for the advancement of our race,
iu re ligion, in governini nt, iu tlie arts, and
in all that dignifies and adorns mankind '.'
From that radiant con-tellation, which both
illumines our ow n way and points out to
struggling nations their course, let but a sin
gle .-tar be lo-t, and, if there be uot utter
darkness, the lustre of the whole is dimmed.
1X my countrymen need any assurance
that such a catastrophe is not to overtake
them while I possess the power to stay it T
It is with me an earnest and vital belli f that,
as the I'niou has been the source, under
Providence, of our prosperity to this time, so
it is the surest pledge of a continuance of
i. ..!.!....;.. ... i. ....; I ,.a ..
in, i-ii s-.iigs ,, t; ii , t; t uie' , e n , uu ,'i.e.i " t.
.... , , . . . . . ... l- i..i
are sacrc.l i v uouii'i io i ransiuu unei iiiiiuisueo - -
to our children. The field of calm and free ' FX IT. At illl'IN'AllY CASK I.FMAI.K
discussion iu our country is open, and will gMil.K HK ( I'l'ION IF AMISTUKSS
always be si; but it never has been and: TOI1K11 SLAVE,
never can be traversed for good in a spirit AW- have recently learned the panic
of sectionalism and uiicharitablcness. The ulars of a very straii.e history, one of the
founders of the Kepublie dealt with things
as they were presented to theni, in a spirit
of self-saerificiusr patriotism and as time has
proved, with a comprehensive wisdom, which
it will always bo safe for us to consult. Kv
crv tii-.isitre tcmlin:- to ulrt'Ttt.t.'it tlw tVn
terual feelings of all the mouther of our I -nion
has had my heartfi It approbation. To
evf rv theory of feverish ambition, or of mor
bid enthusiasm, calculated to dissolve th;
bonds of law and affection which unite us, I
shall interpose a ready and stern resistance.
I be lieve I hat involuntary s, rvitude, :e il ex
ists in different States of this Confederacy,
is re cognised by the Coustituti m. I believe
that it stands like any other admitted right,
and that the States where it exists are enti
tled to eliicieiit remedies to enforce' the con
stitutional provisions. I huld that the. laws
of I -oO, c Miiiuonly called the "Compromise
measures,"' arc strictly constitutional, and to
be unhes.tatiiigly carried into effect. 1 be
lieve that the constitute 1 authorities of this
llepuldie are L mud n regard the rights of
the South in this respe'.'t as they would view
any othe r legal and constitutional right, an 1
that the laws t enforce them sh mi l be re
spected au.l obeyed, not with a n ine t inea
i uc'turageel by abstract opinion a- l their
propriety in a different state of society, but
cheerfully, and according to (he deci-i uis ef
the tribunal t ) whi. 'j their e vp i-iiion be
longs. Such have been, and ar.
tio',1-. and ii'i.-il them I shall act
Iv h-'tie that the iiiietnin is at f".-
t n ) sectional, or ambitious, or fanatical cx
'ciLouciit may again threaten the elm-ability
of e.ur institutions, or ob.-c .:rc the li0ht of our
Pat let not the found atini of our hope rest
nn-vn nno's wisdom. It will not be sulTiciem.
jthat '.twaal iUXi find nop'-ai iatuei
public deliberations. It will not be sufficient
llint the rash counsels of human passion aro
rejected. It must be felt that there is no
national security but in the nation s hum-
blc, acknowledged dependence upon Uod and
his overruling Providence,
We have been carried in safety through
a perilous crisis. Wise counsels, like those
w hich gave us the Constitution, prcv ailud to
uphold it. Let the period be remembered
as an admonition, and not as an cueournge-
lnent, iu any section of the Union, to nniko
experiments where experiments are fraught
with such fearful hazard. I,ct it be impress-
cd upon all hearts that beautiful as, our I'ab-
lie' is, no earthly power or wisdom could er-
er reunite broken parts. Standing as I do
i.... ..,:,!.;.. ;....,( i,a ,- w,. nf
the tomb of Washington, with all the clicr
i.-hed memories of the past gathering round
me, like so many eloquent voices of exhor-
tatioii from Heaven, 1 can express no better
hope for my country than that tlie kind
Providence which smiled upon our fathers
niiiy enable their children to preserve the
blessings thcv have inherited.
l'nim the Anson Arpuf.
K" The following, which is being ex
tensively circulated and commented on in
the Northern papers, has been sent us by a.
friend iu New York. The old lady men
tioned as Mrs. K. is Mrs. Kindred, who left
this county about two years since, carry
ing her slave, .Jacob, wiih her not, as is
stated in the extract I clow, to give biin his
1 1 ti ll i in, and r.-sioie him to his wife, but. as
we are ii
of the in
oiliied, to keep the rightful heirs
ro from getting l.iiu at her death.
The woman Nancy, spoken of as the wife
of Jacob, was Lot a slave, but a free Wo
man who e It her husl and and went to
' 'bio some
in ever came
back lu re to gi t her ho
ve c think very doubtful.
band to runaway,
1 he story of her
Iv ing out iu the mountains several
suppose was put in for effect. 'J hi re aro
no ui. mi. tains in or near Anson County, that.
could have Used for the purpose, and if
there I ad been
there was no neces-itv for
her concealing; herself as .-he wan a free
person. Whin Jac...b attempted to runa
way he was taken lip lit (1 rei n-bul ongh, ill
Mead of Lear the t'uml e iland Gap, a.- Mat
ed l y the Cincinnati Gazette. Mrs. Kin
dred left no jri.j.eity iu this county , neither
did sin; runaway with her slave, but came
to Wadcsborough and took passage in the
We will relate a circumstance that oc-
matter.i .strictly do- curred at the same time that this " extraor
will of their own ilinary" all'air happened. There is an old
li. g.o now living near this place', who all
our citizens know by the name of Ge orge
Moore, or " L'licle George," s he is called.
Cncle George took it into his bend that be
would do better to remove to a free Stat",
but acting on the advice of his lViemb- of
which he has many among the luo-t rc-pce-table
per-ons in thi- community In: Wert
out to e xamine (he country, ace .n.pany in.;
.Mrs. Kin lied and her man Jacob t) io
George remained in the Slate tor some time,
noticing how his colored brethren wcio
tr i.lcd by the whites, the place they occu
pied in society, Ac., when becoming dis-gu-ieil,
he made the bc'-t of his way back to
N.uth Carolina, declaring that he had ra
ther live a slave here all his life than to cn-
y his freedom iu Ohio. A negro in Ohio,
s he expresses it, '' stands iio more chance
than a d"g." George was a slave for many
years, but purchased himself and scvcial
uu iiibcrs of his family, and has means to
make him comfortable for life anywhere,
and only wished le live in a free .Nate in
order, as he said, to enjoy more freedom,
but lie i- of opinion that Ohio is not the
State f.r l.i in.
We think Mr. Harriet l.ccclicr Stowo
could get a few chapters for the nest edi
tion of ' I'ncle 'Tom s Cabin," by consult
ing Fuele George. She will tind him will
ing to give her the benefit of his experience',
as he does t every person who asks it. He
advise all blacks, whether bond or free, ts
stay i.i tho siaw States, and te'iis theln if
they go to Ohio tin y will hud that free uc
gioes there are far from being free nitu.
The following is the extract from the Ciu-
. . . ,
ciniiati paper, re -birred to above
straiigc-t which the vvoiking of tho " pe
culiar institution" has yet brought to light.
We have heard of masters belonging t
their slave's, but we never before heard of
a slaveholder running away with hi slave
... t. f.i.-s, i.:.. i.; nL.i The to'
lowing are tie' particulars :
Nancy a few years since a bright-eyed
mulatto woman, the slave of a geutleiu.in
residing in An-on county, North Carolina,
fled to the tree States, which, alter unusual
hardships, and theexi reUe of more heroism
than is generally attributed to her race, she
succeeded ill reaching. She left behind a
husband, who was al.-o a slave, btlouing ti
a .Mr-. K., of the same county, io this
h.i-baud Nancy was strongly attached ; an I
though she was well situated in this S'ate,
could give her.-elf no peace until she hart
resolved to ret. iru a:,l attempt his rcSCae".
i'hg long an I weary j- uriu-y to her old
home was" male on fool, and by night.
Arrit'-d near the '.'e-idence of her hus
band s u.i.-tres, she lay concealed for nure
than a wee.; in the mountains, before sli-?
cool I safe v procure an interview'. II : dare i
n g li-it the attempt to flee, ...ul it w is sever
al week before luis black Macbeth - c oar
age coal I be " screwed t t the .slicking -r
rather to the running 'point. At .a-t lo
tied, an I had nearly reae'lu'd t
Und cap. when he wasovcitik
i.e L aoiocr
..) au.l cup-
; Hi, mistress, ',,v th.'
w -1 - vv ,..;ilg e
io f.ar of Ii.t
. ti :- il. i: c'i is.
N .i:ic V .' c i ; .' I
i sli Jtibl escape. b.K . ,v i
heirs, who in lee 1 were th.'
cd and iMptu.C I th-- sl.i.e.
an 1 before- here. The a -,
- ot f..
f.igilive was so
I by t'a devoti i:i of
of i.ie h.i,b in I t i hi
o-.t'ei'. e I t'.i ' -tr i i ;
i oil v, ,lh her o a'.i
, Nancy and tae de-i
' re-uuttcJ, lo l!