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THOMAS J. HOLTQN,
Editor & Phopriktok.
.TERM 3 :
rth.Caridimt Whig will be n (forded tn auh.
,,t TWO ilOf.I.AIi.S in advance; TWO
lUulWANW FIFTY' CENTS tf p..yii,ii.i be
v "it.., lurLBinonllis: iiiuiTliltElJlloI.I.AliS
& , - . -- - ,
' ....I .., llm b.'iir. Ril Oillter SI h fiia.init. '
md of the year. No liiin r will b iliicoti.
Luf-I " rroHrttjts " r,tli t'ctpt at llit
.jumol the Editor.
,KrlnHnn-nl inverted at Our Dnllnr per qure
U5!iiic' lew. Hm ailed tyyi ) lor the llr.l mee
.fan nd 2S centa for cii cuiitinu-iiicc, I'rurt ad.
.1,,1111'iit" '"I ShcrirV's Sdra ihurgeuSI Hr
it. iiif hfr S d deduction of 33 J prr ci lit. will
Jlnudc I'riiui lite regular prtuoa, fir advertisers by
jjg yjr. AdvfcrfUciiH'itt inserted niotitlily or
,j tictly. t II per square fnf each tune, tviru.
Jjainly 7i eviite per tqitare for each tune.
O Ptalino-.tre are author iited tu act aa agtnle.
Iffbe folUiwitif choice piece of California po.
ettit a Cia-Atiolin bent, we lake trout tlr
j) ,;tii!le Ilcnld, It uujilici in lb lutitude ol
.Vutiu Cfli0J, tut i prrtiy anyhtrc :
THE DEAI OSES AT DOME.
Or.a f my if in"" rry lui',
lln lifts are liae IreiK builin roaea ;
fur mule Ih.t p.rti tue rufcy ptt,
fwria uf the prc't vt hite diaclotca.
Hfr IwSn am her buety brow.
But witli a ' rl fot.,aiic li;htnrt;
A,t.l in hff tyre" Ik w iti-lung gd w,
We ete&ei f IK-ntrn arttl tta linghtora.
llrr nice ia ke the ottj of birda,
Vim ii sfitit'f iuta forth her f.int flowtra;
Ann awrrtly Sow her iractul wurua,
A rtuB a brok through Bummer boe;a.
Ortt bar mild, anfrlte fo,
Th: J "I tl ur evrr beanitnc.
hr mvtel Nftita aurpsifilif gtep,
l.':fil the pwet'a wiliitat drraming.
Laok on her aotl and eny hnf,
tkmara eacit atratght oirttcuittr 6tgrr ;
M upon a f..if)'a wand,
Yuf eye no il )il tht re f rarer liotfir,
e the yonne; fawn'a, tier liny fo.,1,
T at htu lite earth with fatty nwltoni
it. hke litilf wavait t n.uit ,
lon the4atorutlraa hrtaai tf tiiran.
j- ! fr aome apell f mgic oow rr,
.ove tni Arabo rt and tttotiaoled
T &. jr me lo ti:e finite fl"Wer,
Yti wb'ttn my aeul au lung hath panted.
A: ! I'oree thottMBd atormy nttlra
Tbff thottaand attica si' ketfmty mUi
Hi r me front tuti aui win re amilra
V.rginia'i birwl, rrat ttau(iiU'r !
git if the efl, wbteb n.
Once n a ttitie, by RiiiweH'a Kerry,
.j knd tta futJeo witif, 1 wtett
Tina dftiMtig lirart Would awm be merry.
U ' awilUr (ban hit ewiP.tit l'. fhl,
i.laaa.nf the eulnt or an.riny Ilcttn,
H f .idlraf of tbr tiy or Bigot,
1 iiimtiillut of lite IttotB t. ve !
jr to the bglili ttii'a tinJ flab,
l.,kr totwioni wild tliina;. driatn Vanlif,
f-t rlo.f on , at a aing ir Hah,
Acroaa toe broad, aiornted eit-J Aliatilic !
f-tm ti - dark land I would lit,
Aivi, ttytng rirh tm hantee Biiuon,
ttdill aa the aun'a tlei-i nrting f?,
A igl t within the old Ibitinniun,
I NT L E T I M S I 1 K S T A N i I. A f T.
1 Nephew! nephew!' ciieJ uncle Tim,
Mining from hia easy chair.
1'tiitk heard LU uncle but was rather dis
iM'iUed to answer the call, lie was about
te tide out aith his cou'in I-al,elbi ; the bor
n ert at the door, I-abelliS little font
tipou bis baud in progrets to the s.td
. ; itid then, jut at that critical moment
fmue the loud call.
' Nephew Frank !'
1 Hju t go,' said l!el, with pleading look.
' How can t help it."
1 1'retend that you didn't hear him."
'That will be all fery well, but see!
!rj it hi good humored visage looking
'n upon us from the second story w indow.
Ttn to one he only wants mo to bind up
kn I'tuty foot I wish to Heaven that hn
3ld get oua of the arrvaui Kvrr
ate I done it onco when the men were all
biit, he has got thu notion into his cran
ia that no otm but my self understands the
ration, And Frank tied the horses to
p,jat, and prepared to atleud the sum-
' Vea air coming !'
1 Be quick, Frank,' said 't..t
Pranit enter;.! tho houc and found that
" uncle had ni thought of the gout. In
Millie old fellow had been revolving over
Udeii which hid sciaed him, in regard to
"Wing , m phrv and m ice, and he con-
t iMed ijnl jt wnyld jC , ,,1,-asaiit variety
'In. u-iiitl aelato life, if he should turn
liinaker. and idek out an vliuible alli-
for each of his inmates. So when Frank 1
Mtfred, Tim wheeled up a seat for the
M"S nun opposite his awn chair, com-j
ttU'ided hut. to ,it .1, u-t anil lh,,n nrer.areil .
, , , - r., r ,
" urosch t in m.iiii,,nt,iiia anl.leet
l ou're getting to be quite a large fellow '
' U'lL'lit In he coiai.L.rih that I III tWett-
'i re Imndiomi!. tao. thou.h vou nnv
m tire known it before I
yes 1 know it, for cousin Pel told
o tin! other dav. ansaered Frank.
miiig and t,,ppi,,g with bin riding whip
tlatent 1....1...- i' ...
Vvll. Frank. 1 think it 'a tthoiil limit you '
''"Mjhtcf g(.Hiog mnTrw,l'
t ou don't (ay t'
''S I do,' said Uncle Tim, lighting his
r'K for Im began to get slightly excited.
' think you had better marry some rich
person, 8dJ theu you can act up un cstiib-
An establishment V
4les. You know what I mean by tlint.
Dogs CUliS horses and evprvthitiirnf thnt.
kum' anu uncle, inn drew a largo liioullilul J
.I . 1 M'!. ., l ......
of smoke, as if to ntlest bow perfectly be
u,. s..t;i;.l .. ;.i. .1 . I i:.
.. MMi,...uu .ai tutu iiiciuits- ui rural icitu
. i , .
tty Im bad drawn.
iou see, ucphew,' he continued, '' that
altbougli i am jtoinjf to make you heir, yet
jour cousin l5i mut eome in for half of my ;
jropi riy. i nis m niaKe your share about I
one inouand pounds a year, not quite e
nougb for a spirited young man to Jive up
on. So I want you to marry.'
' Whom shall I marry V Frank asked,
as if it were a matter of perfect indifference
' W by, I've been thinking of Fquiro fiold-,
Z'n daughter.' , . ... f
ill'' a dauobte
' She don't care anything about me, and
besides her father hates iiih,'
'That makes no man nor of difference. If
you work it right you can make her like
you, and then all the fathers in the world
couldn't keep her back. There's nothing
under Heaven so hard to niauae as a wil
ful jjirl. And hearken, nephew, if the
Squire tries to make a 1'u.saiid prevent you
from coming together, persuade the girl to
run away with you. I II lend you my chai-e
for the purpo.au, and if jou sueeeed I II buy
you the best pack of bounds in the country.
Tlmiik you, uieie, you're very kind,'
said prank, as he moved toward the door.
' And so nephew, I II consider it nettled.
.Send Ilel to me, I want to talk with her.'
In a few momenta, in came fH. With a
blu.-b, she took a seat and wailed for the
conference to beniu.
4 Well, uncle. 1
' You re eery beautiful.'
'So cou.iu Frank told inc.'
' I want you to get married.'
' Lor, t nclo !'
4 1 want you to set your cap for young
' Oh, fie, uncle. You know that old KJ
Ward wuuiiin t hear to any sui b thing. He
.tides biui.-elf up u Lis high family, nud
would rather shoot bin son tiiau Lava hint
marry a poor girl I i k r me.'
You lo e iii t take tin! father into account
at all. 1 till Pari ea.-iiy captivate the vouug
Sq iire, and then, if ' . father t bjet t, ruu.'
' Lor, unci.-.
i i ', vti' " l"t"hy, L!c!.s you, its more
r. uiii.au i..aii vju l aw; any idea of. To
let you iuto tht secret, Frank is going to
ruu otf wiih Squirt; tioldiug's daughter,'
' Did be really promise to do o, uncle !'
1 Nut tjaeiiy, for beseemed rather bash
ful ; but he di'lu t make any objections, and
1 ktioa? that he will try ta i.laaa bi-a uiiele.'
' W cli, uncle i im, if 1- rank t uns otr, 1 11 The Philadelphia Ledger tells the follow
run oil too. And lie I departed with a slight ; ing g0Qj ,,or. . .. fpv ,1 BV! s:,Ke oue 0f
smile on her beautiful face. j the timers of a team Used for bauiiug cars
'Things go on better than I expccL-d,' I 0(, the Maikct-n. rail road, caught the son
...... I 1. Ti... -.1 U--.I .. .. , '. . , .,
.ouiii-ttu um .e a tut, ai ue iuucu away "l I
pipe, ' I thought I should have to ar- i
gue a long while with them, hut they don't
aecm to dislike the idea. My ouly fear now
is, leat abeu they hire married they'll for
get ail about me ami never come to see me,
and that a ill make me feel very lonely, in
Two weeks afterwards, while uncb Tim
wan finishing bis lion clock glass of Made
ira ho always would drink Madeira, al
though the doetor repeatedly told him that
it didu't agree with him Frank ru-hed in !
looking very silly.
' What the matter, Frank ?'
' I vt done it uncle.'
' I ne what ?'
1 Pot my head in the noosu. In fin", un-!
el, I've taken your advice, and am going lo j
ruu iay with my lady l ive.' j
' iiiess you, frank. 1 knew that you
would try to gratify mo. You'll want tho
cl.aie, I suppose ?'
' Yes ; this afternoon."
1 Well, take it, and make yourself a hap
' We'd 1
bad scarcely departed when in
' Well, I
v iv oun t the eirt spea
' I'm going to run awav
' Indi "i! ! II iv ruriius '.'
' Wll "
' H vou know that your c visiu iu going
to do the very same thing, al t lit very same
time ! What a curioit-. coincidence '.'
' So it is !'
' Where do you meet yur lover, Bel V
1 lKiwn by the hazel grove at the bridge.'
' Well, well, my girl, vou make me happy.'
Put, uncle, there i one thing yet. Sup-
should be pursued ?
True. Jiul I 11 tell you what 1 II lio.
I'll send off this very minute for Squire Ed
wards to come and drink Madeira with me,
and I II take care and keep him here : ami i
While 1 think 01 it I II no nut
for Frank, and invite Squire
Hero Frank entered, and told bii
'that the chaise was ready anU that he w
come to bid linn goo
'Good bye, Fr
Tin re's a Iriiidu d
nk. Luck go with vou. I
una at lor vou. it, isu t ,
much, but then you know you 11 come buck
with a fortune. Frank, do yon know that
liel is going lo run away toi ?'
4 Is il possible? What a curious comet-
'lo.t what I t;i myelf saying but a
minute ago N"1 ' want you to drive her
r, Hid t 'I b .'l grove, by the bridge.
.v ,. '. to m- t In r lover there, and its
full tw j milts oil I'm afraid she'll be too
tired if sin
4 Of course. I 11 drive her round there,
said Frsnk and both the runaways left their
uncle's pre-ence, and were soon mtiug o.l
111 the direction et tlie lninge.
' llow happy I am, that it's all come out
so well ' said I'm le Tim to himself, as iu
suite of tin- gout ho danced over the flooi
j'llow mad Squires ti.ddii.g and Edwards
J will bo when they find out bow I have
j cheated them.' ,
The two Squires accepted tinelu inn s
invitation, ami punctually came to drink
CHARLOTTE, INT. 0., OCTOBER 3, 18SS.
Madeira. Uuele Tim was in a capital bu
nior. He laughed continually, ami so a-
(bounded with wit and anecdote tbut Squire
(Jolding agreed with Squire Edwurds that
thev luid nurr mi't mu'h a r,l,.i,.,,o Imct
i ft n , ... . .
' talking about partridges, said Uncle Tint,
4 How near to a bouse do you think cue
wuutu veuture io come :
... . . .
'Not within half a mile ' said bis cuests
' And would you believe that last iiipbt
niy nephew actually shot one before this
' Impossible !'
1 A fact ! The bird was a plump one,
and was roosting upon that tree, ju,-t as a
hen would. You can t eee the branch from
"here you fit, but if you'll come to the win
dow, I It point it out to vou. Hallo ! i-liout-
ed Tim, as the three worthies approached
4 What's that!'
' Not another partridge ?'
'No! J5ut thoo persons walking; together?'
1 U ho are they? Why, my son and
Squire Goldiug'a daughter, said Squire Ed
wards.' ' Strange!' said Uncle Tim, trembling so
much with agitation, that the guests beoan
to think that the gout was making another
4 Why is it strange ?' remarked Squire
ijoldmg. ' They arc to be married next
week, and I sec nothing improper in their
Uneie 'J im smelt the rat,, but he prudent
ly said nothing. Yet for the reft o! the af
ternoon he was remarkably taciturn, so
that the guests begun to find tlnir si-it as
stupid as it was befoie iuterei-ting, am! boon
took their leave.
Still Uncle Tim, smoked, his pipe in si
lence until evening, when a rattling of
wheels in the court yard, announced the re
turn of the chi-e. In a minute, Frank re
turned with JJtl leaning upon his arm.
'Ah, you young raneals I' said Uncle Tim.'
4 You're not angry with us, are you, uu
cle j' said Jkl.'
'Angry? To be sure not. I've been
wondering why 1 never thought of tying you
together before. My only object in want
ing each of you to marry, was that you
might have au establishment of some two
thousand pounds, and here I've been beat
ing about the bush wbcu the tiue way was
directly before me.'
4 And you won't forget the promised pack
of bounds? Frank suggested.'
4 orgit them ? I II give vou bounds, hor
ses, everythiug except
i 'J im, a moment
Nay,' continued Li
afterwards thinking it a proper occasion to
be factious, I'll give you my oldest friend,
tLe goat, if you wtiut it.
O! a tavern ketper ou one o. ,he cars Willie
jt nt i motion. He took toe boy oli and
gave him several cuts with his whip. S une
of the tavern kcept r's neij.hboii saw tin;
act, and made quite a noise about it, and
informed the father of the boy. He (the
father) let on to be very indignant and tiud
t lie ti if they vrculd thow him the driver ho
wouid settle with him. The driver was
watched for, and when seen, the father was
informed of it. The team was stopped and
the driver invited into the tavern, ami a-k-
t. if H, wa, tj,4 , tI,at .3d struck the
bov. 1 Yes ' replied the driver, ' and I sbaii
do it again if I catch him on the cars.' '1 he
j indignant father put bis hand violently ii
his pocket and drew out a dollar, wbieh In
(gave to the driver for the good tervico hi
AMKttli'AN Lames in Japav ' e are
informed by Ci.pt. liurrow. of t! ship Vt-
I zie Jarv!, from llotig Kong, that some ti.,,e
before his departure from that port, the news
had been ieeeived from Sairmdi in .I. pan,
; that an American trading ve-sel (a brig or
' schooner) had arrived there having on board
! some merchants (Americans) and their
wives, and that the Japanese authorities ban
' opposed the landing of the! lies. Whn
' the Youn" America left there the vessel had
I ... .. . . .i ii . .
1 sailed, .no reason is given lor tue ungauani
conduct of the Japanese; though being ia-:
moiis sticklers foi the letter of the law, tin y
probably urged that Commodore Ferry had ;
iitade no mention of women being entitled
to the international privileges meiiiioncd ill
tue Japanese ircaty. . ti.
WllV PasSMoHK Wll.l AMsOS fit GUT TO
I;E IIl.mi. J he rhilmlelpliia corn--j.oiidi lit
of the Attti -S.-very Standard relates the
foliouing story, which he says is tn inmli)
up affair, but a literal fact. I have l'r qucj.t
ly d ui iug tiieso discussions beard the con
duct of Passmore Williamson toward Col.
Wheeler's servants characterized as '' iil-
timed. " but I never until Yesterday fully
understood the imuort of this phrase. Two
men were arguing tins question, one ot
whom was a merchant of church-alley.
The discussion was brought to a declaration
from the latter as follows: "Williamson
ought to be Imug, Any man who would be
guilty of such conduct ust at the opening ot
.i . . , . i .i . ,f
tuo iau traue, ueserves no iui.
i llKViibUTlnNAttV JlKI.Ii" I here is now
(living near Mt. Vernon, Kentucky, a man
named Elijah Penney, who is one hundred ,
land eighteen years old. He is a native of!
j Currituck, North Carolina. He was pres-1
lent at the sieges of Savannah, and the b.tt
i ties of Kut aw Springs, King's M itintai..,
i Camden ami Monk's Corner. Ho is said
never t have experienced an hour a sick
Tn k Ot.fiKsT Fahmkii is tiik Worti.D.
Mr. Haggers ISagley has purchased one hun
dred and sixty acres of land in Minessota
Territory, which he intends settling upon
mid improving. Mr liagley is imr hniu'ifd
ai'l si re tf ars; ri, and is still an active
and industrious pioneer, in the enjoyment
of esc llent health. A patent wi i shoitiy
bo issued to him from tho General Land
From tht Elklou fit. Hannrt.
HOW A UK CFTIZENS'MADK?
Can Statk, rossisTEMi f ithJtiii: Provisions
OK Till, OSSriTI TIOS OV THE ,l'n Ml SlATtlS,
COSt r ON AN Al.lt.N-BOIlS .NOT tiKT A"! CR At.iy.KD)
nit. KiviiTor iirniAGr ?
This is a question of vital interest, involv-
., i. fc at. 1 I
iiiff thn orniit til.hti.et nt .M.!inS Kleht.-. ami
' fc . ,-. , . L. , "ale w a.-presented to me early in the it ter-
t he means by which the refcrtns propo.-od ., ,, , , ... i .. . . .
, . , '. . , w. ,. noon. At the present tin, e, 1 leel no he.-i-
bv the American party, m egsru to lor- ... ' .....
? a K i i ,1 r taney in expressing my opinion in relation
cigu influence, are to be aeeojtiplisueci. In , ,i, a, , " i z , ,
. , , ,! , , ... , to tue Amei icau ttrtier, oi its principles. 1
view of the high authority ataiiist us, and r , ,, . .. . . .' .
. . 1 u. . Tr .1 . r. : . 1,;t;1 1 llow-ciinteiis, in whose ser-
the example ot seven Statoslot the tniou, -. . t i ... i . t i
.', . ,. , , .t .. vice 1 nave been so loni; cuea'td, are etiti-
we are btiil inclined to espou the negative ., , ,.,, ;. i", .i
, . . . , r ., -it ""v to my ttews, which may, m their omu-
of this poinou ; ut least utit-icoDViticed by . . J ' ... , , . 4
' . i i i t, i ... , , 1 lon 111 a".v etlect the public interest,
lair argument and sounu logp that we are; ,.,T: ,. . , i c .i ... .
., , ,. iu : ,.! ! At un earlier period of the fclate canvass,
in error. v o enter the discu ;ou in seat cli i; ,,, f , , J
. , , , ,. , , . . ,, , i it miglit have been charged upon me that I
of truth, and when weiuscovi' its tight, we'.... , . . ,p ' , .
.-... i . e was endeavoring to influence the elections
will to, low its guidance. . I ; ,... i , . . .1 . i ,
-t . i .- u. i--,." ,1,,. ,u oat iMate but as the election is so near
t hiol Justice Story,.!!! bia J. i-por. ; the . a, band t,liu my cr.Jr.Iou cannot have gene
t.oristitutioi,, alter speaking of the string ral circulation, I cannot be charged with
riiver,ity r.bsrrvable in the ongma ( ohm,- ;,. UrlM.t.,:Ci; you ll)ay rCn. a.,ul,.d tlllit
tut.ons aoopted by the Colonus when they jn M biuwr;
sepa.ated from great JJritain.contmucs : . m.et' no dismoutmeut, ,0
" In come of the State?, tit rifht of suf- the healed state of the public miud.the in
frago depends on a certain cngth of rc.i- fluencu of Federal patronage, and the tles
denco and payment of taxe, iu others, up- p,.rate vff.iru which are making to smoth
on the po-se-.sioii of it freelild, or some cs- tr American .sentiment, and quiet the up
tate of a particular value ;Jr ujion the pay- Leavings of tliu American ii.ti.il, I expect
ment of taxes, or perform. nee of some pub- t0 receive a full share of vituperation and
lie duty, such as sersiee ,n the militia or on abuse. A belief, too, that the electiou in
the highway. 1 110 two of these State Virginia 1ms strangled the c flirts of the
UotiMitutions will it be found that the qual- American people iu' regaining their legitt
ioeations of the voten are settled upon the male rig,n and indicating their inherent
same uniform ba.-is. So that we have the principles, i?, to luy belief, f:illnci.iiis. I re
most abunriant pro.fs, that among a free ,urJ tLe result in "the Virginia election as
and enlightened p.-ople, eonvtued for the highly eucourauiiig to the principVs of the
purpose of etiibl.:sbiiig their own forms of Older. The effort's used within that State
government, and 'he l ights of th. ir own yo- wt rt. 0f t!,e mo-t Herculean and until i u ir
era, the (jiie.-tion as to the due regulation order, aided and backed by Federal patrorT
of the lali'Jeatioti, has been deemed a ae- Ju a pu.ty collU.st in that State, an
matter of mere State policy, tr be arranged interference ou "the part of the Federal Ad
i pou such a ba-is as the majorty may deem ministration would have been an outrage,
expedient, with reference to tht moral, phy- ,a jt ; t1L, 0u 0, tuodox State of Virginia
sieal and intellectual conditio! of the par- hil3 reci ived and recognized the right of
1'tular State. " Federal interference iu their State elections.
This statement is clear and conclusive The Democracy of Virginia will yet awake
that a State alone and exclusively has the to the proper appreciation of the rights of
right to hx tho qualifications ol its voters, their Commonwealth and the extension of
JSut docs Justice Story mean e inculcate Federal power.
the doctrine tnat. n S'ate has t'je power to
confer the ribt of sul'Vage ou :i alien'
li the .Mates have such a pone, why give
io the (Jenerai (joverii.i cjit the authority to
pass uniform laws of uattiiaiizntbn.
We lay it down as a fundamental pr'c-
pie that naturalization confers cit'iiship ;
for whatever definition of a ct'"n wc n,."y
assume, it is certain, au a!i" ' ,K,t a c'ti-
ren, and alienage can ot' be removed by
Again, suffrage is a privikgo enjoyed by
citizens only : otherwi-e we would have ia
our i idst a deeraded class of voters cxer-
ci-mg tlie clei tive traiiciiise in a g"v' "
under wbieh they eouid not claim the priv-
lieges auu lminuiiUirft gviarantu'd to eiuzeu-
sbip by the Constitution of the Uniud States
as expounded j our own court.-; such as
" the rights of protection of life am' liberty,
and to acquire and t njoy properly and to
p-iv no higher impositions than other citi-
zvi'is, and to pass through and resile in the
Mace at pleasure." This is an anomalous
position, never contemplated by the frauurs
of our Cou-titution. It involves and ab-
surditv to say that a man has q right to vote
in a government w hese protection he lias no
right to claim, and in which htj has no right
to present a petition. Then we must admit
that suffrage is a privilege of fitizMiship.
Consequently, until an alien bfrcoii.es a cit-
izen bv compliance with the Ibws of Natu-
ralization as established by Congress, he
can not constitutionally cxerci-fc tue elective
To separate citizenship anil the right to
vote and give to a State the right to incor-
pirate those who are not citizens am jng its
voters wouid he ruinous in its consequences.
It would jti v.: to some States an in iue pre
poinlerai.ee iu the lienera! Governima:, and
even place the election of our 1',. , .ei.t in
the power of a'iiein, men ahoeou'd not pre
sent u memorial to the (lo. emim t.t they
h id n.a-le. For instance, New Y rt: gives
thirty-.-ix electoral votes, which iu a ci.. o
coi.tt.-t, decides a Presidential eb etlou.
The strength of the parties is nearly equal
mid the c nite.-t is determined by the foieigu
rote. Thousands of these arrrive daily,
and if the State can confer on them at ail
it can do it the day
The coiiscqmneo is
after their arrival
This ja a most interesting subject at this
time, and our commits wi
cise aiueie on the other
tie open to a coll
A.Mhr.ti AN? in Australia Au English:
man writing from Australia to Paris, says -
The Americans are by far the best
men iu this country. At Kail.trat, neeord-
in ' to the census commission
is J'J.Ol 0. of whom only 24tl ar
cans. In order to ilrain tlie
the deep sinkings, and also
to wash the
.tuff, there are seven steam engines
machines, of these four belonged to.
were sulci v worked bv Americans
great contracts are taKeti by tnein, tne lines
of stages taken to and from the 44 digging "
that arc aceesihle by wheels, and few are
not. are all Yankee ; the coaches either
Troy or Alb.niv i uiit ; the harness at
all trom the same country
In coming into
that all the tine
best hotels are
the bay you w:,l n
ships arc Ameiican
theirs ; in fact they are improving our pco-
pic out of the place aitigether
A Yankkk QrtES Louis Napoleon, it
is said, wishes to quarrel with the King of
Naples, in which event he will put his cous
in, Lucicn Murat, formerly a Florida plan
ter, on the throne of Naples. The best re
commendation of, Murat to such a position,
is tbtt possession of a handsome, energetic
and intelligent- Yankee wife, who would play
the Queen with as much dignity as if she
had been bred to that distinction in acocrt,
and not iu the everglades of Florida. ,
- I The instance which I have given of secret
I.orisVM.l.E, September H Ssme mem-' political associations, arc not the only ones
hers of Santa Anna's family his sister and which have existed iu our country, and
brother-iu law) pas-ed through here vcsfer-' which have been and continue to be prae
dav, on their way to New York. The Ex-1 tied by the two political paitles. Arc not
President is expected to follow them shortly. ' secret caucn.es eomiau illy hcM by tho fo-
iGon. S. Houston's Fubllc Endorsement
PHINCII'LES F THE AMERICAN
I.NDti'KMinscE, Texas, July i!d., 'fi.j.
"u.'o.i..Nr..i , i'iui tenet ut ye.-ieruny a
. . ' J
In treating a subj. et wbieh ban been so
generally anu elaborately uiscu-seu as that
ot the American Urder, it wouid he oit-
fieult to present any thing original in the
way of argument ; hence, my aim will
he, to offer my deductions Htid conclusions
from the iacts and arguments of others and
to glance at the caused which have given
rise to the present excitement. The move-
meut I regard as one growing out of a great
crisis in tlie nfl'aiis of our nation, and the
precursor of a sound, healthful and vigo
rous nationality, which wili be commensu
rate to solve and curry out the great prin-
cipies oi uie iree government, and t pre-
vent the liberties of the country from being
destroyed by the machinations or oeitm-
gogues and faetionists, whilst they continue
to chant the Syren song of "no tlstiger,"at
the same time they cry out bo ' beware of
the danger of secret societies !' Il is true
that secret societies have always been dati-
getous to despots and tyrant. They have
even denounced aud proscribed Masonry,
The Pope, with their potentates, have
crushed the ancient order in their domiii-
ions. In our own country we have seen
portals leading iuto its saered temple for a
while closed and deserted. Secret societies
were then denounced. That cloud of fa nut -
icism which for a while overshadowed it,
has been di-pelled by the light of reason,
aud it still continues to extend the I h s.
sings of its principles to thousands of tlis-
eun-oiate widows and orphans. The oppo-
nents of t he Amei ie a it Order exclaim. " it
i- a political asseslatiou, and therefore
ought not to be secret!"
I reply, yes, it is secret, and its naiuc de
note its objects. Is it tho first secret poli
tical soei t y w hich has been organized in
tlie t. nitei
d States ? It is as well
any i.'.lier historical truth, thatticu. Wn-h-iiigtou
and many of his compati iots of tho
revoltuieu were tiicmbcrs of the CiiiC-iiiu:'.ti
Society, in which, if I am n.'t under mi-ap-j
reheiisiosi no man is eligible to uieiiib'cr
ship even no'.v, unless h- is a native Ameri
can, .since tlu heroes who fought hi the re
volution passed oil' the stage of life. Was not
this a secret society ? Was it not purely po
litical ' Was not Gen. Washington, at the
t;moPf ,is de-'t'i. president of this society ?
j j,.uj(i really like to know what the Auti-
Ameiieatis think ot this scran ot hi.-torv.
umot deny it. Then I will a-k
at. danger has grown out. of this
ideal society; Is this the only
secret political soc'u ty which has existed in
our country for more than hait a century .
The Columbian order known as the Tam
many Society, highly influential, maintains
its existence without d.iujer to the liber
ties of the country.
lien. Jackson was a member of this soci
ety, and I know prominent statesmen
throughout the natisn who are members of
it, and as I my-e!t am one. and umHrstaml
its principles, I can assert that they are pa-
ti tiit ic aud national, it hat say
Americans to these facts?
Can any sane man believe that Gen.
Wii-hiugtoii or lien. Jackson would have
united with an. ; .soeinti on or order not
purely American? Would either have en
tered into any political league, when secre
cy "a enjoined, if he had not approved of
the principle of secrecy in political associa
tions ? From my knowledge of the charac-
ter of W
hitigton, thfi sacrifices, lie male
for his country, united with Ins fervid pa
triotism and preference for every tiling Ame
rican, I cannot doubt for oue moment, if he
were, now living, he would, c!e erl'iiily sanc
tion the principles of the American Order, .
From hi y personal anil familiar knowledge
of the principles of Gen. Jackson, 1 am
confident that, were he living, t- counter
act the policy of European pof-.-ut-ites and
statesmen ou our shoves their refuse popu
lation of convicts and paupers, to pervert our
ballot-boxes and populate our poor-houses,
would most, cordially sancliou and incul
cate the rrtneinles of the Ameiican Order.
( litical leaders of both parties in Congress?
; "Oh, yes," it will be answered, very true !
but there is a m ce.-fity for it. We have to
. take care of our puitus, to form plans for
I the people to carry out. If we did not
1 make plat'biins lor them, they would not
know how to vote upon important subjects.'"
'1 his explains much of the opposition to tho
puseiit move of the people. The action of
the Aueiican oidcr is only the puLatioiis
of the American heart, v -hich fcices liber
ty through the hearts ot ii,c ma-ses, mid
I will cause tio in to reclaim that power and
influence which the arts cd demagogues and
assumptions of " party leaders '' have im
propriated lo themselves and generally !-
; lowcu the people to cast their votes in ac
cord mice vdtb their caucus decisions, w heth-
, er secret or open. Should the American
'ino-tHtvfltjiii'ci'i'J. tii u uiii-t, If our nlKr
ties are to be preserved, many good, e,i-y
souls, who feel seated in power, will have tu
yield that power which lias been used in di
rectirig the people to carry out their e iict-,
prepared in caucus and pre lniincd b tin-
: veniioiis. The cry of Abolition has beet.
'raised by tho Anti-Auo'riiaii party in the
South, lor no other puipo.-c than toulaim
their fears and strangle tue A me", icau feeling.
Have Lot the two parties, for years pa -I.
charged each ot i.er w lth bc;eg identified w.to
Abolitionists us it suited party interest?
- "J lit American Order has given their plat
form to the WO! id.
From l"-5(i to l-ol, Ainvii;uti r. ; . i , i
to nave died awav. Its note- were sel-ioni
heard ; or if heard, lo-t heeded. The Ccni
piotiiisc of ."ill had sio'lieed agitation, and
the la-t t'ongres-, at its n.i . u ig, though
compo.-cd "-(' lieaiiy tune Imndred numbers-,
claimed but four avowed Ai'tlitieiiists
in both houses. Now they m-,. foritiidab!f
in numbers! Was it not brought about un
der the present Democratic Adu.iui tril
lion, hich came into power by a greater urn
joiity thiiii any l reding one, v. ! . n theic
was a conte.-t .' I- It tiol powerful ?
What first broke it down and built up
the 1-rccsoil and Abolition parties against
it? Was it not the Nebraska Hill? lo.-s
r,y oi,, acqijaint'-d wiih the facts i1 Mil t i; ?
Vi as not that measure concreted ill a Seer-t
Caucus of seven persons? It surely
itai. And endorsed by the l'resji-eiit, and
by his. influence euriicd thiongh Congress,
iu vi- luti oft of the plathu ms of both political
parties, proclaimed at Ihiltimore. lla-1 net
the Pro-ideiit given reiterated pledge.- that,
be wouid di.-eourngc the agitation of the
slavery question in and out of Congress
and t-lnewhcic ? Were those jlcd.'es re
deemed by him ? Vi as not this n;ea-ure tl.e
fiiit thing 11 flifs agitation since 1 -.")''.'
No candid man can suppose the contrary.
It was regarded by modern:-; men at
the North good Democrats, who always
stood bv thg South as a breach of .good
. faith, and they either opposed the Admin-
iV. ration. ir woul 1 not give it tht ir sup
port. This mea-ure caused audible expres
sions of disapprobation by many who aided
in eb e'.iog the Fr-i lent ; but there were
other cruises, and all united, gave n-g to
tlie American Order. The seli.-eti-.it c-f the
I're-ideiit's Cabinet, although it was highly
exceptionable to the Democratic party, thi-y
made an effort to swallow it. Geneial dis
content was growing up in the coun.ry. i his.
feeling was aggravated by a report that an
i agrceiiient was ma le between a Catholic
: Jii.-hop and Lieu. Pierce, conditioned that
Gen. Pierce was to lceiivc tite Catholic
vote, and in the event of his election, a sit
uatiou in his Cabinet should be given to
a member of the Caiho'ic dcuoiiiiiiatiou.
Nor was this all. Foreigne rs were selected
to hi! impoi tarn missions to foreign g-nt.ru-'
liieht. to the exelu-ioii of di-liiiguihed
i American statesmen. About this time it
was ascertained that an unusual number of
( i.i.sy lili and rAll Hiis were throw n upon
our shores dom European i i - -- and poor
houses. The belli f obtained that these
cia-si-s of (.migrants were thru-t upon us 1 y
the policy of foreign givcriniient, who
nev -r can b-ar us good will so long as
we remain a free and independent people.
I he-e iacts, in cor.nectioti with gem rai nis.
content towards the A . mi uit r;i ti -ti, w:th
threats made in Catholic newspapers and
' periodicals, si'-emcd at nnee to arouse the
people, and admonish theni to prepare ior
the apprehended contest. The cry w a-tin n
rai.cd by the a-ati-Amcricar,, that the ob
jects of the American Order was the pto
sciip'ioi) of Catholics and foicigni Is. 1 his
I deiiV. The threats a n.i dcnu;ici..tions came
iron- Catholic journals, hich ga c t he ala i m
to Protestants and Americans. The de
sign of tin' American Order is nit to put
down Catholics, but to pre vent Catholic- i'rom.
putting down Protestant-.. Tin- im-mhers of
the Order would nor, nor do tin y intend ;
. interfere with the Cat!) die religion, or their
; ii... I - of wor-hip ; but at the same time o
are not willing n place power in the banes
of tlioso who acknowledge or owe ti mporai
allegiance to any foreign Prince, King or po
tentate. Again, it is said that the princi
: pies pf th,. American Order proscribe for
eigners, and nre intended to extend the pc
1 ri.fi of naturalization. I do not regard this
' principle us pro-cripflvc. I understand f t
' eigners arc l.i be protected in the full eti-j-ivineiit
of all their civil rights, and of ex
icteisii'g whativer r. ligiou- ei-.niotis, or
! w -r sh p. t li cv til ay p r- f r. No one
wishes to abridge tho-e j rnileges.
I he j ss, --I n and exerci-e of political
rights are distinct mat; rs. Females an !
minors iios.ess and et.i.'V civil rights. Vet
ire not eapa!
1 'lieal Ugh! o! ' sutlrage. .lint 1 it eon
Ftitutioi ai ri.ht of aii qualified nativos.
The extension of that i.. i t to tlo.se who
are not natives i- a matter of grace and f i
vor with the Congress and of the Constitu
tion. C.'ligress has the power t s i;iei "t for
t i gin i s with the 1 1 . !: i; i. - n '. eoii liiioiis
as may be thought pr--per and - .; in i.t
f r the w ell being oi tiie 1.- i
The teacher." of the modern school, who
claim to l o the old Deim-erat orpatiiuts iu
the eruntiv, a-lmil "that tome im lid cation
of the I r ...i-.i -il laws i.i:..lii ! w. ;!
enough." 'i ii- v take -a: c not I - iy b-nv fir
tiny arc willing to go. Are tli- v willing t
extend the p i i ' I of prol an -:: to tiu i-tv-one
year"? li'thev are ti-t, I am. If such
laws were pa-se-1, they eouid n .t slb-ct
those who arc aircafv naturaliied, aud who
jr-.. ,gsf . -g-WJ
enjoy the full benefits of our institutions.
Nor would it piejuiiice the claims of those
who might have reached the Auit-nciti soil,
at tin- time of the passage of such a law.
Such a measure, I should think, ought to
be nailed by naturalized loreigtii rs ant. tltosa
whose claims to naturalization have com
menced,, w ith as much jf)y as if they Were
native Americans. If not on their own ac
count, they should at least hail it on ac
count of their children. The foreigners w ho
have been naturalized iu our country are
generally of a class w ho would feel it a poor
compliment paid to place convicts on a foot
ing of equality wiih them, or to say sueh
beings were entitled to tho considerations,
which are due the naturalized citizeu.s.
I urn in favor of excluding from our
shore-, persons w Im cannot come to the coun
try with a certificate from our Consular
agents in the country which they leave, rc-
presenting them us persons of good charac
I ti r ; or, if they have hci h guilty of politi
I :a! offences in their eountiy.to state the
jsaine, that a proper allow are; might bo
I made by our Govei utiicnt , I am becoming
, ; suspicion- nf the teachers in the days of the
:i ii.it.u:i.vn polities. And. helore I cn
; list under t he K adi rs of model n Democracy,
j briefly pr.s- nted laels us creditable to those
1 I vvi.- li to know of thoiii n hether they would
! stand on the Jack-on or Cail.oun plat-
b i in. lleti-.cen their platforms there was
! an essential difference. Jaikson's was the
('. n-iitiitioii and ti e Ui.icn. This is the
' I, tl'orui upon which I stand; and if, as has
; I ecu nssei ted, the American party is down, .
the battle over and victory won, I shall on
y I feci lu.-rtiii'-d to witness at my period of
ii'e, alter having looked upon so many vi
cissitudes of my country to s,;e an anli-A-eiieiiu
feciing triumph. One consolation, at
, h ast, will be left me. W hilst the triumphs
of American piii.fiplf wtre reverberating
tin "iighoiit the Fnion, I was silent. When
.tho-e pmoi-.ics are soil to be in eclip-e, I
iconic -inward v ith elie-.i I'nlucss and declare
that 1 -i-lw-ve the salvation of the country
; is oi , o be sr cured by au adherence to tho
p.ii.eii. ri cf the Atnel'icau Order.
A triumph is claimed by aiiti-Americana,
based on t tin supposition that ail councils
will ie broken up, frooi the fact that some
w ithdi aw aii- have and may continue to take
place. In all cases within my knowledge,
where withdraw-ill" have occured, n greater
number were added to the order than se
ceded. Occasionally men have joined tho
order from motives which did little credit
to it- principles, am) remained members for
month". 'J heir motives can only be infer
red from their actions. They remained
loti-'tiy, until nomination were made, in
which they were not so fortunate as they
much desired. Those persons soon with
drew from the ordi r, denouncing it as un
. ' I-n..IV. r,-.,j,. i4vTV.iiV Kfa It-pu " .
In many c i'es, secedeis have regarded
themselve" a highly q-ialiiied teachers of
the n.-w tangled polities in Texas. Hut not
of good old Jefl'-.rsen and Jackson Democ
racy. i lie present is a tncineufous epoch in the
annalMif our country. A vast responsibil
ity devolves upon us. We are in the pre
sent ; bet for 1! future generations, we are
accountable to our posterity. We have re
ceived a heritage Irom our fathers. Shall
we regard it with euro, and tian mit it un
impaired to our children ? Shall we remain
American? Siiail we remain national? or
shall we surrender ourselves to demag'Ogues
a nd party leaders? Or shall we sell our
birth-right for a mess of pottage ?
We have- a high and holy duty to per
forin to our country, and if we, as Ameri
cans, cannot maintain and preserve our
freedom, is it p .-sii.l--, or even probable,'
that we will tiud a safer depository in the
hands of foreigner, c-r the satellites of a
Pope, who;e SV-teui of rel
ion pursues ail
American Protestants with denunciations
wnilc iiving and denies their bodies burial
alter death iu Catholic countries? Is it a,
ciiine, or even n fault, ill Auierlcaus who
seek to resist an infiueiice so adv--r.se to the
pih.cip'.cs a free goveriiuient Is it pro.
senpiioii to fortify o-irs-lvcs against all
eiicroaeoiiiei.ts upon religious or political
freedom? If It is w rong, thi n I inn wrone.
If it is right, then 1 wili tnaintaiu tha
Your friend and fellow- citizen,
' The saine Democratic Principles that
make us detest Slavery, make us anxious
for a healthy foreign emigration, as the best
tin an of getting rid of it." Cfiict'go Jnn-
" , '.
Sin-vn-us the man that will not subscribe to
the Principles of the American Platform,
after reading the above extract from tho
Chicago Democrat, and we will show you a
man who would be an Abolitionist at tha
North nud a Secessionist in the South. It
is the language of Seward, and the Wash
ington I it i on works kindly in the traces
with him. It is the language of Gretdy,
and the Richmond Enquirer is patting him
upjn the hack and 1 i !-;:ng him God-speed.
It i- the biiigii age -if Senator Wilson, and
the Virginia Democracy have consorted with
him fr un the moment of his treachery to
the American party. It is the language of
President Fierce, and every Democratic
i a , , ,i 1 in the Union, as far as we know,
except the liichmond Examiner, is loud ia
its 1 . i i:,t: -tl o! that weak and vacilitatiug
man. .1 .. -'.( h "itian.
ATTKMfT to Mr!UEt. On Tuesday last
the E lder of the Gorgia Citizen, Dr. L. F.
W. Andrews, was a-s tuked by the Editor
of the G-'-iieiit ' i and three other
iiei.v i Iu. ds, with colli and severely beaten.
lr. Andrews says . Lad never used any
p- r-oii ilities towtr is hi" assailant aud nev
er i; id any personal difficulty with him pri
or t the assault ; bonce he believe that
t o attempt t murder was because of do-
the Principe e'f tlo American
Parly, which he ( aa itis to be a member,
I 'lc -i s o.':;...- party bad rei'.elezvoiist-d ,-i a
-.Irani shop kept bv aa Irish CathJi- - ti.'.