North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
whether of domestic or foreign relation,
it appeared to me deairable and useful to
tbe special notice of Congress. Unlike the
great a I. ties of Europe and Asia, and ninny
of those of America, tLe.se United States
re waMiug; their strength neither in for
eign w ar nor domestic strife. Whatever of
discontent or public dissatisfaction exists is
attributable to tbe imperfections of human
nature, or ia incident lo all governments,
however perfect, human wisdom can device,
iutb subjects of political agitation, as oc- i
cup; tbe public mind, consist, to a great
extent, of exaggeration of inevitable evils,
or over xeal in social improvement, or mere
imagination of grievance, having but re
mote connexion with an; of the constitu
tional functions or duties of the federal gov
ernment. To whatever extent these ques
tions exhibit a tendency menacing to the sta
bility of the constitution, or the iutegrity
of the Uuion, and no further, they demand
fbe consideration of the Executive, and re
quire to be presented by bim to Congress.
Before the Thirteen Colonies became a
confederation of independent Stales, they
were associated only by coniuiuuily of trans
al l antic origin, by geographical position,
and by the mutual tic of commou depend
ence ou Great liritain. Lett that tie was
sundered, tbi-y severally assumed the pow
ers and right f absolute self-government.
The municipal and social institutions of
each, iu laws of prop-.-rty and of personal
relation, cveniti political organization, were
such only as each one chose to establish,
wholly without interference from any other.
In tbe language of the Declaration of In
dependence, each State had " full power
to Irvy war, conclude peace, contract alli
ance, establish commerce, and to do all
sets aud things which iudependei.t States
may of right do." The several colonies
differed iu climate, in soil, inuatural produc
tions, in religion, in systems of education,
in legislation, and iu the tortus of political
ad mini-?: alion ; and they continued to dif.
fer in these rcpects w bcu they voluntarily
allied themselves as ."states to carry on the
war of the revolution.
The oiject of that war ' to disenthral
the United (.' lonies from f.T.ijju rule,
which had proved to be oppres-i.-e, and to
separate thera perniatiently from the mother
country ; the political result was the fouu
rljiiou of a federal republic of the fre
white meu of the colonies, constituted, as
they were, in di-tinct, aud reciprocally inde
pendent, Slate government-. As tor the
subject race, w bcther Indian or Afiiean,
the wi- and brave Statesmen of that day,
engaged in no extravasnt sehenie of social
change, left them as they were, and thus
preserved themselves an I their pj-teiily
from tie antrchy, ai.u the ever-recur'itii
eivil w;.r. which h ive prevailed in other re-vulutiuniiic-d
Kurnpcan colonic of America.
V. ben the confederated States found it
convenient to modify the conditions of their
association, by giving to the general govern
ment direct access iu some respects to tbe
people of the States, iii-teud of confining it
to action on the St ites a such, they pro
ceeded to fr-mie the existinj constitution,
adhering steadily to one guiding thought,
which was, ti delegate only such power as
was n-ce-sary and proper to the execution
rr spetiSc purposes, oi in other words, t
rctaiu as niueii as possible, consistently
with 'tfive purposes, of the independent
power of the individual State. For o'n
jecta of eoniuion defence and security, they
riitru-ted to the general govemmeLt certain
carefully defined function-, leaving a'.i
oth r as the undelegated rights of the sep
arate iiidet'cndetit sovereiirhtii s.
Such is tk constitutional theory of our
government, the practical observance of
w hich has earned us and ns aloue among
modern republics, through nearly three
generations of time, without the cost of
one drop of blood shed iu civil war. With
freedom aud eonoert of action it has ena
bled ns loconteud successfully on tbe battle
field aguih-t foreign foes, has elevated the
feeble colonics into powerful States, aud
ha raise 1 our industrial productions, and
our commerce which transports tiicw, to
tbe It rel of the richest and the greatest na
tions of Kun.pt. And the admirable adap
tation of our political institutions to tbeir
objects, combining local self-government
with aggregate strength, has e-labli.ihed
the practicability of government like ours
to cover a continent with confederate
The Congrest of the United States, is,
in effect, that Congress cf soveieiiiii-,
which good men in the Old World have
sought for, but could never attain, end
whttb imparts to An. erica an exemptiou
from tbe mutable league for common ac
tion, from tbe wars the mutual invasions
and vague apiratins after the balance of
power which convulse from tune to time the
governments of Kuropt. iur co-operative
action rests in the conditions of permanent
eoufedei ation prescribed by the constitu
tion. Our balance of power is in the -titrate
reserved rights of 'he State, and
their eijual representation iu the A.-rate.
That independent fovereijjnty iu every one
of ti e States, with its reserved rights of
local self government assured to each by
tbeir co-equal power in tbe Senate, was the
fundamental ion'iticii of the eoii-titutiin.
Without it tbe Uuiou would neur have ex
isted. However de-ii ous the Lrgei Slates might
be to rt-oigamie the government so as to
give to their population it. porpoi tionat-e
Weight in the common counsels., thv knew
its as impossible, unless they conceded to
the smaller cm. authority to ex-rcie at
least, a hcgatiit influence on ail the n.eas
uie of the govtinueut, wur'ber legislative
.r executive, ihr.u-b their cj lal r.-prc a.i,t a
tion in the Seuate.
Indeed, the Isrg.r Stjtc-s luHii-olt
Could te.l have iiilcQ to pcicei.e, tnst lhe
sine power wa- eqjai.'y i.e. e.i.-ary lo t i,. m ,
f.jr the eecuniy.it their own domestic in
Uresis against the r.gere i-.u- f.rcc of the
general guvertnuei.t in a a or J. the. iii'in
al Statts eiit intu tins permanent iesgue
CU (be agtccd premises, of exerting their
eoinuiou ttetigth foi the d. j.-.,ci. of the
whole, and of ail its partt, but of ut:-rly
exclud ing all capability of ri e' pi -t sgie.. '
il I'.iieh Solemnly hound it-ell It ail the
others, neither tu uiid it ike. , Jt permit ant
iHMOaehuiei.t upon, or ibteru.cduliii with,
Bother's ren-ricd lights.
Where it was deemed expedient, panic
Wtar righu of tue ,-tates Were guatanlied
Ly th Coiisli tut iou fut iu sii tiiias be
aide, the right m gustded by tne lnu
itaUon of the puwen granu-d, ami ly the
raw-rvatiuu of ad powers not gi uni. .1, n, i,e
coinywl of union. 1 bus the yreal poner of
taxation s lituHed to i J p ut , : ,i,IUi,,u
dfi lire aul general we:f jte, cxeiu.liiij ,!,..
jet- p.i rt.n.ii. ir lo ti,, I x ai 1. gi-lation if
li.een:ll Slates, and tho e purpja,,f
K-ui ii .:lie sol eoii.iuon dtb We were
aftersisiJ. deSiied by (....eitie enuiuerat ,n,
a bctg inatu-rs wulj of cotclatiou between
the Sut tbeuiseiies, or b.-twetn tbeia and
foreign governments, which, because of
common aud general nature, could not be
left to the sep urate control of each State.
Of the circumstances of local condition,
interest and rights, in which it portion of the
States, constituting one great section of the
Union differed from the rest, and from ano
ther section, the I'iCit iniportaut was the pe
culiarity of a larger relative colored popu
latiou ia the southern than ia the northern
A population of this class, held in subjec
tion, existed in nearly all tbe States, but was
more numerous and of more serious con
cernment in the South tban in the North,
on account of natural diffcrencu of climate
and productions ; and it was foreseen that,
for the same reasons, while this population
would dimmish, and, sooner or later, cease; In thu meantime, the pcoplu ot tho Lint- cllort to obstruct tlicir execution by riot and
to exist, iu some States, it might increase ! ed Stales had growu up to a proper coiisci- 'murder, continued, for a brief time, to agi
in others. The peculiar character and mag-; ousness of their strength, uud iu a brief i tutu certain localities. Hut the true prin
nilude of this question of local rights, not j coute.st with Frauee, aud iu a second seri- j ciple, of lcaviug y,acb State uud Territory
iu material relations only, but still more in ous war with Ureal Britain, they had shak- , to regulate its own laws of labor, according
social ones, caused it to enter into the spo- cu off nil which remaiued of undue reve- 1 to its own sense of right and expediency,
cial stipulations of the constitution. j rcuce for Europe, aud emerged from tbe j had acquired fast bold of the public judg-
Heuce, while the jreneral eovemineiit. as !
well bv the enumerated powers eranted to i
it, as hv those not enumerated aud there-
toie relu.sed to it was tort.iddeii to touch this 1
matter in the sense of attack or defence '
it was placed under the general snfecuard I
ofthe Union, in the sense of defence against !l0!,t penou, the most couspicuous was tue II not tne inevitable, consequence ot prcvi
either invasion or domestic violence, like i 1uctiou ' fegulauou ly Cougreas of the 1 ous eve id aud le-islatiou, that thu same
all other local interest- nf the Ki-verul
'talcs. Kach State expressly stipulated,
as well for tor itself tnr t-noh au nil of
;:..., ..t ...... , -..i, ,,, i
w v....-,. -v -.(
beCI.:ue solelnlllv liOUIld bv his ulleeiaUCU
to the con-titutiou, that any person, held to
service or labor iu one Stale, e.-caping into
anolhcr, should not, iu roiisrqueuee of any
law or regulation thereof, l.e discharged
from such service or labor, but should be
delivered upon claim of the party lo whom
on eia.ui ut me eauv to niloiu .
or labor might be due by the
laws of his State U0U- "M recoiiecuon oi me laei cx- j uey uau oeen einppeu oi an moral au-
' Thus, and thus only, by the reciprocal tikJ tLe A of g0(:i1 propaganJim in tbci'ty, by persistent ctiorts to procure their
guaranty of ail the ri"hu of every State ome uc'u o tLe coutedcraliou ; and, 1 ludtrcct repeal through coutradlctory enact
against iute. feunce ou The part of another, "lwu ou' lte lbilt of MUaouri, came j meuts. 1 hey had been partially abrogated
wa the present form of government esta- td be 3TU"d lu lhe 'rrltor)- f Louuuna, ly the le.ai.lat.on attending the organization
blished bv our fathers and transmitted to propositions were made to esteud to the ot L tab, New Mexico, and ashtugtou. If
us; and by no other means i it possible for ia'ter territory the retrictiou originally up-; any vital ity remained in them, it would have
ittoexi-t If one Sute ecae to respect plied to the couutry situated betvtecu the n-: been taken away, in effect, by the new tor
the rights of another, and obti usit ch in-kver' Oi,io a,,d U'',T- . 1 ritoiiul acts, in the form originally proposed
termeddles with its local interest, or if a Mjst 'iMiouable as was this yropoeition to tue ?euate at the first session of the last
portion of the States assume to impose their ' ,u u11 ,ls cou.-titutiouul relaUous, ueterlheless Congress. ,1 1 was luuuly aud ingenuous, as
' r "' "):.
institution ot. the oilier, or refuse to fullil
tbeir obligations to them we are no longer ;
united frieiidiv States, but dit racted. bos-!
i, a u',ii. lotl.. Ir. (
advanta.-e. but abundant means of reeinro-
cal injury and mi-chief.
I'ructicallv. it is immaterial whether :
-res-ive interference bet eeu the Slates or
deliberate relusalon the part of nv 'one
of them to comply with constitutional o'uli-
.,, ,,. ..,.......E .. ,; ..; .
llmd prrjadire, or whether it be perpetrat- '
,I V.v ,);,; , :...i:. i..' ;.u...
, v.. V. IU-. I . VV ..Mil. C1L1ICI
case, it is full of threat and of danger to
lhe durability ol tbe L moii.
ONSTIH'TIiJ.VAL Bn.ATIJ.S 0J SLAVERY
Placed iu the office of Thief Magistrate
as the executive agent of the whole coun
try, heuud to take care that the laws be
faithfully executed, aud specially . njoiued
by the constitution to give infoniation to
Congress of the state of the Union, it would.
, , . - .
be palpable neglect of duty on my part to'
pass over a subject like this, which bevond
' all things at the present time, vitally con
cerns individual and public security.
It has Lctn matter of painful re;ret fo
see States conspicuous for their services in
(founding this Hepublic, and equally sharii.g
us an vantages, ui-ref urn tneir Olistitution-
al obliL'ations to it. Althou-h consriona nf
. theie insV.i'i.y , k.l oJn.i.wd and patpa-'
Lie social evus oi meir own, and which sre
; tomplcteiy within their junsdietion, they
: engage in tne onctisiv and hopeless uuder- i
: takiny cr retoruiinj the domestic lnstitu. ;n defiance of their rights as Slates ; Mid of ' ru' nave constantly refused to complete j purpose of nominating candidates for the by a c..m....ti.-. ..f M r..i-r. fe lhe N.,nh rami,.'! U,0"K tlje ',lb d th Con
1 tion nf crher States wholly beyond their the stipulations of thu coustitutiou These heedful supplementary legislation ; ' Presidency aud Vi;e-presidency, to be held i n f '..nfrreneo of the M F '"'...rel,, H..utii, Kd . ' cord ai ia alre.dy doinK Us work of pereu
; control and authority. In the vain pursuit attempt assumed a practical direction in thu BU0 !'"e -pared tm exertion to deprive it of in Philadelphia on thu Ti i of February, 1 ' "' ' l ' funh.n.d .1 1,., ,.fl,.e ofiou among the l'rotetnl eburclie. ..f Hun
; of ends, ly thrni entirely unntait.able. and fiape 0f perseveriug eudeavors, bj sLmc of,"'"'1 forCe ' themselves again and ' 1 .-,. to be composed of del-gate, elected '' r"ov''. tlV.U.- '"''."ux'lTlTJr'l''6' 'tl" l'iri of ''ti.t aula
j which th-y may not legally attempt to eom-: t,e rtprsenlativesiu both houses f Cou- ' ac':i'u tttinpted its rep.-al by the enactment, by the subordinate Councils, Mate Council, ""ti , 1, ..'II.,, nllhl'i' il"'". nfth.'".,' ; 60,,i,;c lo "tPtf Austria and there f.r.
' pass, thny peril the very existence cf the ,.res , deprive the southern States of the ol incon.paubio prousious i and by the I as Senatorial delegates at large." r;,,,.,' -1 .'," 1..1' ',"tr'Z.u' N f b. ,ue "' ,0 'lnm 'dw- He-re i., oi,e e
: "n " ' c"t.e-a beueuts opposed bent fit of the -rotisns of the inevitable -e-acliouiry rtl.ct ol their own ti- In conuquence of tlm existence of this
, winch it hst eoulr-rrcd. Wbiletbe people act autboriiiug the oraLixatiou of the Stale "leiice 011 the a!;ect, awakened the couutry : r,.t0sl)tion an, to give it full 1 ff.-et, I h-rc-.
of the Southern State. conSne their atten- ot Missouri. - ' perception of the true coustitutional prin-1 ,y procai,n . tnk it ku,)SlII t,.lt) witl.
;tiou to tbeir own affairs, not presuming offi- jul ,h0 good senee of the people, and Clijie. " 'eavie the matter involved to the ; 0llt delaV)thc Councils of the I Irder iu ra h
ciously to ititi-rmeddie with the social insti- the vital force of the constitution, triumph- "'-crction of the people of tjie respective ex- Congressional District in each State, and
; tuttons of the northerD Mates, too many of eJ ovcr actional prejudice, aud the poiiti-! 't"JS or n-eipier.t States. that'ea.-h State Council, shall proceed to
the inliahitsntsof the latter are permanent- taJ crrors tuB day, aud the State of Tex-! It is not preteuded that this principle, or ' elect delegates to represent them iu said Na
!K"f 10 'S0'la"0" ,0 "'fl'ct in.iury as returned to the Uuion as she was, with 'any other, precludes the p.-ibi.ity of evils ! tioual Convention, appointed by said r. so
,on the former, by wrongful acta, which social institutions which her people bad chos- in practice, disturbed as political action is ' lution ; aud, lo secure a foil repre-entati on,
wou.d be cause cf war between foreign tn Ux themselves, and aith expre-s agree- liable to be by human pa-.sious. No form it is recommended that each Coti-re,' .11a!
powers snd only fail 10 be such in our m l u.ent, by tbere-auuexing act, th il.-he should 'of government is exempt from incoi.vcnieu-1 and State d.-ljje, two alternates be at the
tew. because perpetrated uuder cover of he susceptible of suldivi-iuu into a tdurali- 'ees but in this case they are the result of same time chosen by each District aud fjtate
.'"Union. : , nf ,',,. 4 ,-n. .l...a u..A .... ..f .l. i....;.; ' r .;t
1.;.; ..:i u . .1 :.. ........ ..
., ....Kn.u.t . ,r-.. . , sur.jrct as
truth and the occasion require, without no
ticing the reiterated, but groundless allcL'a-
t lion, that the South has persistently as
ertcd claims and obtained advantages io
the practical adaiiuislratioti of the general
government, to th prejudice of the North,
and in which I i.e latter liss acquiesced.
I hat the Mates, which either promote or
tolerate attacks on the rights of persons
ai.u ot property m other Mates, to dis
,..;.:...-.. . l 0 .
eon tsri-lv ..e .1." . ,"" ' acU a" ll-l"'ny occurred to illus- !SlaU-, whose constitution clearly eu.braoea . tt,e prvi,ions of said section bavin -con
tari.ly aver, that tney, who.v conslitu- trate our advauci,,!? r.ower on il,MlM " a remit lieau form of iroveriiiiieiit." Leine ' I.V...A -..1. I .. .1 1.,..:... -t .?.
. 1 r'r ,bu." -!'t'"''!.,y assail-.,
en, are lh.mM.lres the aggressors. At the
present lime, tin. imputed aggression, rest-
. . 'VU,;. ut-c'Bla-
to0 -barge, of po.itical agors, resolves
.tscif into n.i-;.pr:rehenio.i, or ,.,i.,nterpre-
tation, of the principle, and facts of the
po'iiu s! orgai.ii.tiou of the new Tcrritoriej
of the I'nised Stxti-s.
What is the voice of history T When the
ordinance, whir l, provided for the girt.ru-hii-nt
of the t'-rrifotv ii"i lhe-t of the liv
er Ohio, snd lor iu eventful subdivision in
to n--i State, was adopted iu the Congress
of the conic J: -ration, it is not to he an p.
po:4 that the ipj.-tiou of future relative
power, ns bttnei ii the States which retain
ed, au j il.o-e which did not r tniii a nu-tu'iou-
e ,-r. .1 pupulaii.iii, ecaied not i.f
or lail.-d to I.e eoii-i ieied. And v-t the
fi.i.cr.-i .11 ot 1 ii if ta-t territory to the in-
ta-reai. and opinion, of the Noithen. Mates,
a terriPjiy now the seat of ate atnoNg the
largest m.-inbersot the Luioii. wa, in r.-at
Measure, the at of Virginia and of the
.... , I
I'ui'ii t a ac.fiired by the I
I nited M..U-.. it ws, an e,,, ,,,, ,,, e
to tne N on I, than to the r-outh ; for while '
it was itiipottaut to the wii,;t,j at tl mouth
o! tn- n.er M.ssi..ipp, to become the em-
poriuui ol the country shove it. .0 lo it
was iven more iiii.iortari to 1 ... l,ni.. I'..:.
.... to nave 1,11.1 einporiuin ; slid although
11.5 new lirOMi.ee. Uv reason ol 1,.. n.,,.,.ri....,
.-tteineMt, was mainly regarded as the
iulfof .Mexico, tet. in fvt, it extruded to
the oppij i'e liouiidari-s ot ih.. I'mied Mate,
Mitii tar irritater breadth above thai, below,
and a- in t, rr.!..ry, as iuevery thin.. e,
. (jiully t least su si i .1, Ui 1 he northern
Sl it. Jt it mere lirlu.-i ou and prej.idie..,
t... r. lure, tj sp. .it ., 1 .01,1 -i i a a anjiii,,.
tion in lhe special HiLTe-l of the S julh
e patriotic and ju.t men, a'ao p tiei-
pated in that let, were influeneoi by motives
far above all sectional jealousies. It was ia
truth tbe great event, which, by completing
for us the possession of tho Valley of the
Mississippi, imparted unity aud strength to i for thoncelves, end tho sense of the consti
the whole confederation, and attached to- j tutional faith proved vigorous euough in
get lur by indissoluble ties the East and the Cougrcslj not only to accomplish this prinu
W'est, as well as the North aud the South, i ry object, but also the incidental mid hard
As to Florida, that was but the transfer ily less iiiportaut one, of so amending the
b? Spain to the Uuited States of territory provisions of the atatute for the extradition
ou the east side of tbe river Mississippi, iu of fugitives from service, as lo place that' trample under foot the injunctions of moral
exchange for largo territory, wbich the Uuit- Ip ublio duty under the safeguard of tlia ' and constitutional obligation, aud to engage
ed SJtatea transferred to Spaiu on the west 1 general government, anil thus relievo it from j iu plana of vindictive hostility against those
tide of that liter, s the entire diplomatic
history or tue trunsactiou serves to demon-
strate. Morcier, it was au acquisition de-
uiuudcd Ly the commercial interests and
the security of the whole Union. !
atmosphere ot tuoso transatlantic mtlu-
euce "U,LU surrounaeu tue luuut liepun-
al,J had begun to turn their attention I
,0 l',e "" y'niatio developiueut of1
lue ulrua' resources of the Uuiou.
Among the evanescent coutroversies ot ;
touuded iu tbe territory ol Louisiaua.
l'he ordiuaucn for thm y...ruu.uui i tin.
. e . i i O . L . 1 !
territorv northwest of tbe river Ohio had
-, -- i,:t......i .i...
1' lalutu " P'''uui Bpivm. uc
use VI SCI i 1 1 V Ittuui luvi cm, nutjevfc iu hue . .iwouuu.
coudiiion of the extradition of fugitives j Theae restrictions were, in the estimation
Iroui service due iu any part of tho United .of mauy thoughtful men, null from the be
Stales. Subsequently to the adoptiou of ginning, unauthorized by the Constitution,
the constitution, this prow-ion ceased to , contrary to the treaty stipulations lor the
remain as a law : for its oteralion as such cession of Louisiana, and icouaistent with
' , . . i
Wils absolutely superseded by the cot.stitu- :
" ItlTIKU l,le ""l"uu "uc'i
soll"i 8liLt 'nodihcatious of line, to save the
"'""g S"ti of the intended new Stale,
:...i.i .( iu..
It was reluctantly aoiuiesced iu by southeru
i?tu,eH a3 a "si.hce to the cause ol peace
and of the Uuiou, not only of tho rights
tt:puiated uy tue treaty ol ouistaua, Out
ot tbe Pnciplet et equa.ity among the
tcs guarantied by the cou-liiutiou. it was
I.. I L.. .1. . ..,.1 .... C.l 1.1. . . . - ..
'Bc"u luu uu',ut,u ""fi'J
anu reseiniui couuuuiiiaiiou anu couiniaiut,
. i . i i i . . . .
il uld "ot ed wu"-b
had cxaetiugly detnauded. Hating pass-
.d through the forms of legislation, it took
its place iu the statute book, stai.d.ug open
to repeal, like any other act of doubtful
constitutionality, subject tube prouounc-
ed null aud void by the courts of law,
and possessing uo possible efficacy to cou-
trol the rights of the States which might
thereafter he organized out of at.v bai t of
the oriu'iua! territory of Loui.-iaua.
,...n .i.:, :t .1 ......
IU .11 luu, 11 .uj rii i.ivu ...t-iunic,
,. ,, " Ti.lina, ,;),
which portion ot the Luiou are they justly constituted a breech of faith. Never was
char-cable! objection more utterly destitute of substa-.-
This coutrovcr-y passed away with tho tijl justification. When, before, was it iiu
occasion. uothimr suriitin- it save tho dor- 'g'cd by sensible in-n that a regulat're or
maul letter of tue statute.
Uut, long afterwards, by tbe proposed ac-
eei.n, r.i tt, Itenul-.lie nf Tela tiio fail
I i... ... !,. t.r, i. ,
torial treatness, a similar coutiopeucy oc-
currsd and became the occasion for sy. j
teuiatized attempts to iutervtue io tin' do-
mestio affairs of one sectieu of the Cuion,
'J ... "' . . .
batevcr advar.tsgc tic interest, of the
'.vatheru Mates, as such, gained by this,
were far inferior iu results, as they oufolJ- ,
ed in the progress of time, as iho-e whith :
sptaug from previous couccsoiuus made by :
Toeverv thou'-htfu fri.md nf i!,.. r'nlr.n
to the true lover, of their country, lo all
who longed and labored for ti... full ...ere.a '
of this great experiment of republican in-
:,. ,.t ...1..1... .1 . . '
""-""""i - v.uc ui vi aiiiiaiiou uiar.
4 t0 fttruUb to the world additional a..'
MirsLce Gf the strength nr.d atab.i;.. f
Wl.n I ;.l.
n.la st,!l a Kuropcan colony? W'h-, would
r ;oice l0 Lail Tcxns M , il)nlt.ad
of )Ule in thfl , of , d
not appreciate the inealeulable benefits of
the acquisition of Louisiana ? And t nar
row tiews and sectional purposes would in
evitably have excluded them all from the
Uut another strUL'L'le on the sani n-.i.ii. ,
ensued, when our vi'etorioui armies return- '
ed from Mexico, and it devolved on Cou-;
gress to provide for the territories : :
ouired bv the treatv of liuiiilriliir,.. IIi.l.-.! ...
J lie great relations ot tho subject had no
become distinct and clear to the neruei.tion
ol t i.e public Uiind, w h ieh spp
etils of Mrtiinal controver-y
ipii--tinii of tbe admission of new
upou the '
tafsi. lu ;
1 1 ... t crisis intense solicitude riervar.t-u the
nation. Rut the patriotic impulses of the ;
popular heart, guided hy the admonitory j
ad vice of the I. .her of his Country, rose 1
,.,...;,., , ,1 . ,i;,..,i,;... ,.t .1... :
-- ' - .-. ...... ULIr, I1C Ill'.-Ol-
poration of anew en.pire into the Union.
iou,..i 0f tjonress there wa, man
ife.ted extreme autigo,,;,,, ( opinion and
action between wune' representative., who
.ought by the buive a,,d unconstitutional
emploj i...-,,i of the Ugi.lative powers of the
. -r ... ...... .
j, 11 r 1 i.iii i.t i'. in. e 1 iere .,, 11. e C'innillOli 01
the inchoat St.'.i.-, and to iinrio.e th-ir
.,.;i .t,..,..;... . ..... . . 1
.j ,, ,, ........ . u. ... 1. wp'.u .1115 .ab.i-r, an.il
other representatives, who repelled the in- federation-1
terposition of the general govei iiine.nt iu It nee. -i-nry to -)ieak thui plainly of
this respect, and maintained the self-eon-di-! projerf., the oll.priu of that sectional s.
tilting right, of t;,e .Mate. In truth, the nation hoiv pri vaiiin iu ouie of Oi: Slut.:-,
il.ii.g attempted waa, in form uloue, nrlioii w hich re u, iinpi i tie thie us they are nu
of the general guvernur nt. while in reality constitutional, and w Inch, if pie.e.ered in,
it w a. the endeavor, by abuse of legislative u.'J-tand wi.l end !.iUuutoii-;y. Itiiiiiinr
power, to force the idea of internal p. :i-y, disunion ami .-i-, il war, or it i in re anr. ,
pittel tallied, 1, particular Sitatea upon u.ne'l
iud. pendent .-talcs. IJucc mors the CoiiHi-
tutioo pd the Union triumphed signally.
The new Territories were organized with
out restrictions on the disputed point, and
were this left to judge in that partioular
obstacles ri.i-cJ up by the legislation of
isonie ot tne Mates.
Vaia declaration regarding the provisions
i of law for tho extradition of fugitives from
service, with occasional episodes of fruutic
incut, to such a degree, tuat, ly common
couseut, u wasonservea in me orgauixaliou
ol the icrnt. ry ot ashtugton.
When, more reccLt'.y, it became requisite j
to organize the Ten itoriea of Nebraska und
Uansas, it was tlie natural aul legitimate, i
reauy pp-ico. to I tan and -ew .ucxi-
eo, auoulu iier, ripplicd o tliui that they
.1 I.I .,.: I e
should stand -exempt from the restrictions
..,.. !..,;.. ,,i
.,..1 iu u. v iuie tu luc fiaic VI
, ,. . ,
the equality o. tue elates.
...h .. . I . ... . i.: . i:. ....
"' " J '-. u.reci-
ly and plainly, and thus relieve t-o r-tatutc
boon ot au act, which might be of possible
luture injury, hut ot no possible luturc ben-!
the; ami the inca-iure ot Us repeal was tho
tiual citisuniniation and complete recognition !
oi tue prjucip.e, mat no portion ot tne Liu-
ted Mates sba.l uudel take, through a-fump-
t.on of the powers ot tne general govern-
a . . , a-v . 1 . .. . t . 11,.. ...... 1 a..., a ... t
,UCUL' ,' J 'niat '"s,wlWM ul
.. ...t. ..- .
u u.i.ci pctinciu.
'A'b fC0Pe f h ,a?age of
repeal were not kit iu doubt. It was de-
clarcd, in terms, to be " the true intent aud
l l I .1.1.
meaning of this act not to legislate slavery j
into any Territory or State, nor to exclude!
it thcrelrom, but to leave the people there- J
of perfectly -lice tj form and regulate their j
domestic institutions iu their ou way, sub-1
ject only to tbe Conssituti m of the United ,
The mcasirc could not be withstood upotr
its merits alone. It u i :,ira..ke,l o.ili
- - -- -
olence on the false or delusive Dretext that
declarative statute, whether enacted ten or
:foi l.v ) ea" ' irrepealabie that an act
i of C'cure-..iti.s.bo the ConsillUtiOU f If,!
indeed, there were in th facU liny cause to I
miputc bad faith, it woul 1 attach to those!
ouly who hive never Cwa,ed, from the time i
' enaettueut of tl,..- restrictive provision j
to t" pr,'se"t day, ti denounce and cotrlemn ;
r ' avi
'be powers reserved or conferred iu the
organisation ol a territory. J hy are not
'0 bs charged lo the great principle of pop
ular sovereignty ; ou the contrary, they dis-
appear befoie ibe intelligeiice aud patriotism
:ot tue per.pie, exeiiiDg tnrougn the bailolj
tox their iicaccfui and silent but irresistible
If the. fiieiid- of the Constitution ara to1
ha ve another struggle, its ciicnii.. could uot ;
r.r .. . a.A s....r,,I.Li..... tl k.a r.f.
f - lu., v.
cxcU 1c J ft jiu the Union because its domes- 1
tic institutions n...v hot iu all re-nects com-!
noit with llm ideas of what U w i a.. d .... i
r.v.v .u ra... ..... 1 a special inccting ot said Council, to he
: l-'resh from grourJlesa imputations of breach ; holden in Philadelphia, ou Monday, the
of faith against others, men will commence 1 -h J,iy 0f February next, for the iratis
the agitati-.u ol ll.U ne rie,tiou ith in-' nC(j,iri 0f KU.:h business as may be brou -ht
. dubitahlu violation of an express compact1 hefure it
between thu independent sovereign poarc-r. 1 p; J VKTI.K'l'T
of the Uuited States and of the republic ol I'rc-.ident National Council, U. S. N. A. ',
j Texas, as well as of ths older and eij iilly1
si ieiiil. comtiacU which ass.umc the Cijualit v
of ail the Stated I
Rut, deplorable as would he aunh a viola-1
e" of compact id it-elf, ar,d iu all its direct
coiise.jueiices. that is the very least of the
evil, invoiveu. vti.cn sectional agitators
"hall have succeeded in forcing on tin, issue,
crn th(;ir pretensions fail to he met by coun-;
ttr preteii.ioii, . ill not different Mates .
be con.pel.ed npect.vely to meet cx'.rLines 1
w"n f-xtreiiie., . .nil, 11 cither extremes
carry its point, what is that so f ir forth but;
dissolution of thj Union ? If a new State, I
formed from ll.o territory of the United
.-.tales, be 0 isoi'itely excluded troui lulinn-1 cnt it he should deny in America what he limisell to power, and in the midst of an ex
nion there'.i, thai fact of itself constitutes" hud struggled for in Ireland the 1 i-'bt of pedition a-'sinst Uasle. a messpmrer ann'siin-
the ill.-Tui tion ol union between It a
difruptioii of union between It and the
other States. Rut the proc-ss of dis-olu-tion
eould not .top th. ie. Woul l not a sec
tional - ci-ion, produeiug r.iich results by a
majority of to'.--, titer N01 then, or South-
,. .. ,.
ci..,ui . 1 j
I', illive nut the olilil eased and
y, Slid plae.. in fire-en;.1
... ..1 .... , ,..., ... ...:i,.i.i.. 1 ,;i
. ....... w.. ...yi.,.-.
Idle, ani.lcai 1I1 turhaiie.; ol pubic peace ami
trai.pn..ty. Msuuiou for what' If the
passionate' rage of fanatioism and partisan
spirit, did not force the fact upon our atten
tion, it would lie difficult to believe, that
any considerable portion, of the people of
this enlightened couutry could have so sur
rendered themselves to a futiutical devotion
to the supposed interests cf the relatively
few A friii a ns iu tho Uuited State, as totally
to abandon and disregard the interests of
the twenty-five, millions of Americans, to
who are associated with them in the enjoy
meiit of the eouiuiou heritage cf our nation
Nor is it host'tity against their fellow-citizens
cf one section of tbe Union nloue.
The interests, the honor, the duty, the peace,
aud the prosperity of the people of ali sec
tions are equally iu vol ved and imperilled in
this question. And are patriotic meu iu
any part of tbe Union prepared, on such an
issue, thus rualdy to invite all the conse
quences of the fjrfciture of their constitu
tional engagements ? It is impossible. The
storm or piirensy unu laouou uiusi met name
uasli itseit in vain agniut t no uusbaken j
rock of thu Coustitution. 1 sliull uever
doubt it. I know the union is stronger a'
tuousuna limes tliati all lUo who anu cuiiuc-
ncal schemes of social change which are gen
erntcd, one alter another, in the unstable '
minds of visionary sophists nud interested
agitators. I rely confidently on the patri
otism of the people, ou the dignity aud self
respect of the Slates, ou tho wisdom of Cou-
' ...a ., n . .i... : j ..
(ivra, , uurewi,n hid wuuuuueu grs
cious favor of Almighty iod, to maintain,
against nil enemies, whether at home or a
broad, tbe sanctity of the Constitution aud
the integrity of the Union.
I'll AN KLIN l'IKKCK.
N'AMUNOrON, l'K'E. Mil lilt III, 1S.J,V
A VAU ABI.E FAMILY MLUII.NE.
lr So ulcbmn-d has Dr. .M'Unt'i Vi rmifuje
become. Hut it is rrga.ded as ll.o unly tpecific
core for worm. Families tliould never be with.
out a supply of it. Al this H ituii particularly, i
whi n worms sre so troublesome snd frcuui,tly
fUl.il sinong cliiidreu, parenti sliould lie wsti'litul ; ,
and on ll.o first appearance uf tUvttc tlistressinjr
Bvmptnins which wirn uoof llitir prei. i.cc,t once
pply this pown ful and elliraeuius remetly. We
4rc eur.tiJcnl thai it on) rcuiri s a tiiuf, tu e.in-
vince all that tl richly imnta tlie prii tli.l
have been laviahed upun it. It ia ajfcsnd iofalli.
V.ilunica of crrtitiralra can be pruduccil.
ahnwing its great medical virtues.
JT !'urcli..a r will be cretul to atk fui tr.
MI am', tim.nt i.hiiui. L.,d t.ke n. n.
All other Verm.fuCe., in co..,,.sri.n, are
Wl,rtMr. ,r. M'L.n.-'. Ve,i.ij. -!.o In.
c!. bra(l.u Lite.- e.n now be .t all re
j pectablc Druj St.. re. in the I'm ted St.. to
Vic. 24, JHJj.
Cf)..?IGNKi:S I'KR RAIL KOAD
TROM THE krtt fl) IHK 1 OTH Vt JaM'LUY
Murphey ,t ii. J. Council, S. Webb, ii,
Mostelier A Co., L. Springs, (I. C.) 1). A.
Caldwell, H. M. Hill, Hoke, W. A Co., Craw-
! f'rl1 & K., W. Ii. Council, J. V. I'ark A Co.,
iUh ;ji'aU M. Co., J. 1'. Ileiid.-rron. It..,-
ur. '' (' J Harper, J. Uaiusour A
tl-.ll' I . . , ,t... ,
Co'- U L- Lr'n. h J- "'O. Kfctock-
tou, J. Si C. J. Conies.
TU THE AMKK1CAN OKDEKIX THE
National Li. v. mil,
Cuv inoton, Ky, ov. '. 1-oj.
lie it known that at the aumal uireting
' 'ue .auonsi C ouncil, iu June, l -oo, me
lo.lor .t. resolution was auopted :
" le .red, that a Conv. ntiou, f. r the
E. B. II AU I'LETT,
I'rcidebt National Council, U. S. N. A.
TO THE AMERICAN OIlDKIl IN Till"
U. STA TKS
I a,;C,r(!ance with r.,yti.,n 3 of article .1 '
,.r t. r t , ,. v...: w :i '
w mi. . .jij-,1 , .in... ji i. it; .i.j( ni i.uu well
of the United States of North Au.-riea au- '
iU,;,;. .t. f,..:,l ..u . :..i
.neetiri'. " iinon the written riniet nf five
. ... ... .. .. ..
(jeiei-ates ren reset. II U2 live Mate t ounei a.
1 ..!,;,..,;.. ',L. i...,i. '.y .
.1 .1 ....' -i', 1'.. .1 - 1...1 '.
...1 . .' fc. . 1
' ! to the National Council, thai, t'liari. at i . I 1.. .
IRISH KNOW NUTUINGS.
A Know Ndhimr meeting was held in
Frankfort, Ky., on the I lth int , at which
C L). t ) Sullivan. K-u . a native of lrel.,.l
but a triend to the American cause, liiadr!
a short uud clui'ient speech, iu which he
iu-i-ted upon the piineipiils of the justice of
.. - American pa.ty. In I relaiid, be said
he hud struggled for the right of Iiiahmen
to "overt, their own country. It wasf.jr
this that O Rrieti aud Mitehel Bl,d all the
other Irish patriots had contended ; and he
should f.-el himself an ingraft and a hypo-'
lhe I, alive sons of every country to rule
their own land. "Ireland for the Iri-h "
had been the motto ol
( all the Iii-h patriot
.. t, . .1 t
:t for the Americans ''.
at home " Amciici
.'ht lo be their motto here.
Tiial'EMi" B.tTt' -Nation a lCh.n ve.ntion.
I he li uiocratie (.'nminittc.; met in Wash
ington cily 011 the frlli, and after a brief dis-eu-sioii
as to a proper day fur holding th
National Convention, they fixed upon June
d, as the time of me. 'ting. The Conven
tion ta. ill bo held in Cii.oiiiiiali.
A" witty luyer placed on hi. ..fliee door '.
a card ith the in-eriptioti : " I lion, who
1 1 I 'Ml .
ca..on bunucswill plca.c make it Imj."
prill Carolina- tttljjirj.
Tuesday, January 15, 1 86.
tf Wo haveg-ltcn up neirly our entire poper
Litis week Iu llio President's Message.
Itr We suniHise the severe culd wimlhcr, which
wu have lull lor ti.e laat lew days, has frotcn up
' our charh.tui. correipomlent we have uui re
reived Ins usual vuiuiuuiiieation.
un yesterday "the lulluwing genllcinen wcr-
elected .Muuiciiiul (ithcers of tins town fur the
.nuing year, by a majurity of 2"2 iuc; vii:
WM. K. DAVIDSON.
T. II. II K KM.
JAM Ijsi ,l ML'TCIIISOS.
.McktK JIM I. 'ON.
W. ft. MVKItS.
WM. F. PUH-KIt.
N Sifnkrr Yrt.
We are if our reajirs are nut, tireil of rein?
lhe lie.td No Speaker Yel," and tl'S pensirrt
.,,nn to be farll.erotT than ever. The Ul hal.
, ,lnod B,n,, j,3 Tfltp( Rieri,B 68, Fuller
o rcnriington 6 snd 5 eeatlcrinj.
On Frijay niglil !', wo lud snolhrr Snnw
snd mir pretlirlitin tra Arsrlv verified t,t lli tit.
ler. bcirir dfi-Mr than lh ene mi dip tirevh.ua
wok. .Mie have IseriihntlT enjoeii., the oniue.
mrn.n, .,...c. I.,c- I... m-a I. IcrlKUl
erdcr, stfrOnn; Tne rmpni t "ittil r t- lis li-T-f ef
ptat.n? lo amuse hriusi lti. ntiJ aWo ens-blip
,-wrsona having icc-liouaia lo fill tlirm.
Wear p.t-aaiM to learn, irnni the fellow irtg ar.
t ele, from the ( healer Standard, that Iherti ll a
preaM'Ct i.f nur Til J- rapli brln put ill g..i.J Work
' - --w ,
to .i genii. n,.,n W inter, si it w..l Ik to .tin,d ;
In pr..,..r i,a...g. imhi . j
Al a i...ri..,x..i i.e si,,,,, u.ohl. r- ..fill. I'o ,. ,
hi i aie. t riatn.il.- l.ii-.r ii li ( mu.nv, in llua:
pi .... tne 3i ,......t, tne I,,., i.k-.d l i
is i.Tiii-r mi knt ... llm l.n. I,.,... k.i, I.......
our enterprising n.w iiamaa . Kti Kiln.it, f.T a as.,
r.ea oi vc-ara. i.e ii (.ul in.i serp it in ch.u wiirk. I exporting some compcnsli.in.
.isomer. H art irulyglad am h ...h.lactorj ; J.et ua look a little at tbu circumstance
arr .n"'-tnent 1. K, i ti. rli .1, m.d eeiifrnl ulatr 1 I .1 k .l . i i i
i,e p."..,!e ..ffhe.,,,. ,.,,;!, ;,.! tl' Hac th.t chapter of despot,,,,,,
the pr..aw. tis rie.i ..hi,l.,,.eni r.f t). i,.,le tine , tn inaugurate w hirh the preeent kmpcri.r
Mr. K. requr at us t.i ni tirte " in. aiih.B the i received hi. crow I, has not y. t been aecuiu
sound nf nur vi.ih," al.o U Iimu In. 1.4. ..hi : l.lisLed. In tb old Kimiiin.n nf II... ....
the hue b, c,.nv.,ibg i.i.ula..,, .,,,1 p.,,.
tiniia of the ir In l.eir pri..lr ,,ur,irra. tu.l
ui.!.. ti,.-same be returneo .r pa mi l..r i.rtl. .th,
the l.i, in ill it. rifira. will la rnb.rrrd in etery
e..e. 'Cake w .ron.g, llrrei..r, ye ari.r. in lU
?.""' nJ "'
tr li.aa. l).n J..n, J, and rcl.Utr out.. Kililt Hit
thing. l.ici, .re Kii.oti'..
H' Inre rtcurrd ij r Aral. r and t'jrtl.n. t'ul.
r..,.,er. to ... -,, It ,1 Ii. .er.,r.d lhe .. ,.
visra of I'r-il. H. Jt. M'dnek. I'rnieaaur of A.-ri.1
ruiiur.il i lii-nntrv in ii I n.er-.ir uf Nmib
.....ir.uu.o ... n. unit. iur
wiuc.i .... Kiiai.y a.:a lu ii num..
t e Ju.c alao reer.vr.i li e li-ai No. nf il.e N'orthi
hum,- :.- .V Aiiiru-,t. Itm.ktaa nrtt murar.
ane a n J I he i, 1. r .r i a.ng prr.prnb.rs tlt.er.c en.
We ha.- .!a.i rerei.rd the rrenbro, I'alrtut
e.,....de,ably enlarged an., improved.
Srinini.lt liirlin n.
of Kl r id i a re ni
tmr grsul in.
r'jffiilliiu at l. .eeiil n.iir.i. .a coii.rn 1 1 Uli hi 11..
lull. lis. At 4 l.i-lllijr ,il i.ie rttizrti. of Taotps
f a..:.jli. na rre ..)...iiU cul.ii.e owii llirl.ni. r
al mi. I fljU; tju.. riiine.it t. ailopt ni.-.iora f..r
liw ii, in. i li.i tf rri.ii.,,1 f.l'tii. ae IiiiImiis t.i lie f.,r
tV.,I, iind r.--(.nMneTidir.f that itie p. opl. i f tits
: Hiate .iih'iitt to no Iruce or eooipri.oi ib- v,lh tin
I inn. ma, until tiie l.al oliu 1. . JicliJ from their
If rntry .
I rum our ('orrrtjieii.lriilt.
., , .
HI'. r.ASTJ'.KN 01. KS I ION.
To those who are waichii.g the affair, of j
the world tl, r,n.iii..n ,.f . ,..; i. fi
the hichc-t interest. Founded ution fiaud
. :. 1 :. . .1 . . . ..
cu lining ani raiJinc, sua oreunns HI I n is
dav smon,. nation, much tbe same no.ition
A f.,w ...e.la .III oien .r."i,..i.k. ;.., U,
I.i.me. .ml ,.l,. ,....., B
l.i . Jr .1 . ..ir.u ..........
ltuni-h lii-hor. named Werner, built
fortified palace high up amon- the era... of '
the Tyrolean Alp on the hanls of the A.r, !
the dwellers in the t alley called it " Ihr '
Habieht,h,irK"ortho" Hawk'a nest." Tti- i
hamlet, which f.r protection grew up under
it, walls, took the, same name, which they j
finallv contracted into H.p.l urg. i
. . r . . 1
name. Kver ea.'er f..r power, thev eiilnrir- !
t he course of its ma.ters ust.ficd the
ed their sway until in the true spirit of lhe
time, tbey added to the authority of Itislinp !
the title nf ('..,.1,1 ,.f ll..,.l,r lr. 1 i.in
mrg In I" I" '
Full v inheriting !
stors, he never j
l.udolph bcramn Count
the character of his ancestors
c. sed his rap icious career.
He raised tho sword suaiii-t his uiieliH
arid guardian and received a sti in of terri-
tofv as mi ennntv for In. 1.1 h... . I,. ft
guardian of hi iouiu Anne, he added h.r
territories to hi. own. Rravc, warlike tnd
unscrupulous, lysurli means she raised
red that he had been elected Kmperor of I
icrin.mv. The Iuke refused hiii, nle ,;,,,.,, j
and in r- turn was stripped of his trritorv !
J .1 .1 II r II l 1 . ;
and thus the House ol Hapsbutg asri-udi'd '
tue inrono ni usira. .Mrs. Harris m-ide s .il.lir prnfmnm, nf r.hgi..ii
From that day to this their course hits 1 '" ""ly and .tin Ur4 lnrH in ib. I'n .l.y
beeu the Same although they have aspired ! t''""n ,:,",rc1'. J" tr, ne. nt tt Inch he siln.i.r...
. rt , 1 , . . . c ,1 , . 1 .1 . ! hw . arlk aud eoiiteraslMin, drawn nut luinii..
to the plitcQ ot the ivigl.', they never hnvu; 1 1 r . ., , .1.1
. ? 1 . .. . I " '""k" r per 10.I of lime thai, 1. ortlmaiii y nll..l..d
lost the eli,iract..r of the hawk. Ry inter-! tr. n,.. ... earth.
uiarrisge they obtained the throno of Hohe-
1111 and by election tlmt of Hungary. Tlie!
.Minn sovereign was Ihiki! of Austria, King
of ISiheinis, King of lluiignry, and Ktnper-i
or of (ieriuany, though each w as a separate
nun ii.u -peti'ii'iii state.
The Duke of Au-.tri.t tightened their1
gra-p upon Rliemia and Hungarv, annex.
- . ' 5 ' --
td prounc a fur province arouud them,
aided in the partition of l'olund, passed 0
ver the Alps and acixed upon the territories
of Venice and Lombardy and now lhe sot.
reigus of Floreuce are addressud as Aut
triau Archduktia, by ou Adstiian MiniMtr
Austria thus compounded has great points
of weakness.' Scarcely a uy of her territo.
ry beyond the Arch Duchy of Austriu ca
be Biiid to be wiliiugly subjected to her, ino.t
of it is held by force of unus. l''ur a Ion,
time she bai been endeavoring to biesi
down the natinnaliticicoiuprised withiu her
limits, to destroy their sovereign right and
to mould the whole Kmpire into oue flexi
ble mass. The war in Hungary was tl,e
result of sn unscrupulous anil lyrauiiieal ef.
fort to uccomplisli thin,, and reti;,tauee on
tho part of the people against it. h was a
perfect act of injustice stnd Austiia nUiv
holds Hungary aa a conquered atate ull,
rules it by inaitial law. It would take t ,o
long to tell how it was accompli-hed. :ur.
lice it to say, that a power Lehind the throuu
rules Austria, the Camiiiilla or "kitchen
cabinet," at the head of which was il,0
Arch-Duchess, Sophia. The old Kwpcror
was troubled with a conscience aud there
fore uusuitrd to their purposes and wai
made to resigu. The next lieir, his brother
the huabaud of Sophia, reiiouliced in fnvor
of hia son, Francis Joseph, au inexperienced
youth of nineteen ; a mere tool in tho bands
of the Jesuits.
Da ron Jellachicb, tii old lover of tho
Areh luches, was despatched to bring on
a struggle, by raisir. t rebellion of Croats
against the Ilnngaiiau Diet as they suppos
ed iu favor of tho grand ltipublie of ull
the Scl lives, and fraud aud foiee of am.,
accomplished the rr.-t. There is not a clear,
er case of wrong in bi-tory. lint the most
astonishing thing of all is the Coucordut a
greed upon between the Kmperor nnd the
l'ope. if the Austrian RUttesuien did i,,,t
bear a rrputatiou for sngar-ny and shrewd,
oess equal to any in Kurope, we should
consider it a fooli-h yielding on tho p.irt
of tbe Kmperor to tbe illy counsels of tl,((
priests. Itouttless that is iu pari true, but
Austrian statesmen ran never have Yielded
so much without expectation ef soui'e great
Uy it the Kmpire iu all ed ucationol and
religious matters is brought diieeliy nnder
the control of the l'ope. 'J be slate ahi n-
d( all 1 Ul h O T It V O V f r the ch
chureh, while tlit
latter appoints a. I teachers, select all boik
controls all subjects presented to rhildien,
is to have the power of preventing tlie cir
culatiou of book, and punishing those who
sppose its tenets, takes the jurixlirlinu ,jf
niiriiaces and has eutite control of ail
chin tb property.
In sborl the Kmperor Lis aurrendered to
I . l ...
,oe i, i.uer uirrcie. or the papacy, abolut
c.uulrol 0.r sl; Ler drc.ie.t t.ritii,L.e, ,d
rf.alioBs of life?. ll is only one sl-p u,or-
it) ,i,e ny .). , ,kato tauke herse'f
i , . ...
dl,S"e,w humanity. Au-tria e.nn..t
-118 sUtiluilteU tolhn humiliation Without
,u,re , roul)J lujLr, fi n
,, . '
' 1 '"''aiils to which the remainder of the
i '-nipirc will add a lar.e nun. ler more.
1 here are also several llilliluns of the tireek
church. The 1'rol.stai.U of Hungary are
! - i , ,, B
mainly found anions; the Mat-tars. Iho
bold free spirit of Luther and of Cahio early
loan i a ready response aoion tneui. Inn
that set of drsnoiiu,. hv which their e.iiiali.
........ .1 ,:ki. ..r n..T... ,l a
! " l',IO,,", 0U, W OOtl.U,.. ., .led they
"r placed uuder the cvutrol f IU ituiila-
t r police, their pulpits Uiutilud tud tlir
. ctiuicb government l.rtrkeu.
... c . , ., . .
S'M. in. Ulff. SC. Ul till. VTr.l'.llt .ill
,L- . t ,i , ,
Ine exnulston of tbe Jci)tcli uii.aiouanes
errt ot the union t'etw.-.-n Austria and tli
! l'ope. Here are t of lhe first liatnin. of
the earth. leagued together o.telu-il.lv 10 pro-
tret the ' Qrk. Sgsmt the Uussjau.', and to
ulillttlQ hc i;,.r u( r;utop, ,n(J , ,U
! .atiio time courting the alliance of Autris,
I ho ooly gi'. ou peipetratii.H- t wore ly
rsnuy than has . ntcrtd into tbe nnud of
'1 here is a lido in the T.irs r,( uen, an!
the iu'l. cations of lhe cui rem ar., that tho
piest ul a ar of cabinets, if it continues will
be one of peoples, which will hear down iu
I its current, the bulwarks which hem then,
in. There ats tb..u-a,il of brave heart.
aiting autio'j!y for the time t stnke.
Not long ago 1 nut a Hungarian exile,
who had been all officer in the Austrian aer
lice befure the revolution.
I le was w ailing anxiously the summons 11
t L , I 1 I t I
,t",r "J "trike for bis lallierland again,
"d if it did come he said I.e would be t e
in, patient to wait for the railroad tram.
there wa a touching elo., 'iei.ee iu hi. voire
""' """""' b "id, " It would ho the
er as be said, " It would be I
greatest pleasure of my life, if I rould
1 t'lk ly dU to di.-. beneath my u
I ' . but it would be greater if I culd
I kuow that the enemies of mv roolitrv ha 1
I ul"'n '" b"l,lu hJ "'J h"'1- 1 J" P,r,ot
"''il!r. ''c" ha goe, ,to batilo thinks not
'""""-'f. children ud I :s
cl"IJ c,"l,J'n, and fiodait sweet to die.'
' 1 ,ove "'' tl.. rl nd better than life " sai l
,0"I'J;. the feeling of the Ba
'on' "u-h this people, h.vuig an many
ch"n l,P" our ynT","- "rn tl,n
B.,.i ..ii......A .. ..1 t...:u A
I " y,""r,M- -u,o ... ..us,,.,
""' f,a" 1""J of l'er raised to
t,,e Blrnk" "r uiitigata the blow
j There is still another train of cirt:ulu,taii
J IK-re IS still anot her train of ciri:ulu
""i"'! ...iiien tunnel ...in i'w.-
"directly upon the subj.-ct, which we inn -t
'i,'U'r ta antll,,'r " f' to lhe eilusliMi,
ces most important in their coiini'i-ti.in bear-
l)i-.! at n..k I.swn t'ti.iirua .eiiiitv, en ihu
-till II. -1-1,1, A IlliV II A It HIS. sgril iiii.i-1 tear..
'I'm. vri.er.l.lH iuoii.er in Israel c. i..e lu hi r
If riivn at s tnll sue. Ilk a aliork nl' cur. .11.11. Hi
I.. Ins st.-uai.il. Sin av.e a ,..it.t- .il IrrlmnJ, bail
retiii.vrd In , hie cuuntry while yntt .. Ilerl-i..-.1
a t. tn, 11 1 Ii. ... I...... I I..i 1 I..11.L.1.
during i n r.. K. ner..ii..i.a, u,..l in tin m ti n
Inlfniid 111 r.-.iirl..ihl.- i,i..ii.. r. ih. i.r...i,.i-i
.'""',""s Uir" "''''"
""" I""" liellllf lwr.uki.ll, ur th. ir .' ul, 1. "Ill is K
Itt t'livf1 111(111110 wm Rft nctUf oin t'ft
ittt'ifibfT, diifl 41 fitter 1 1 tkiipiHirlrr at (Ito rlniti'-i
utMivr Mf vi nty five ynnt. 'r ti.rtjr Utr r vtr
ttu h i .M'rli .111 f-alt-t titrtl mm litht f ul t I t lit ,
( in: fiiif! I 1 1 h 1 11 wliue- Initila shf finij. F! t
Miiriilicr f ynt ircTmiitf in I rr ('iKirlfiri
K'ait lilinH, ii km mil)- t.i tlilr ta Utart rn lx Iwi t ti
tin f hihI f 1 if lil, ImiI U'm.'-r !( iftirn oltlif tiiii
(iitj (mi bit up 11 murium i jf mw . Mn, u a -
ITCalMII lT II I 1 1 ' E " Ml il r III IHU' I" 'HI g Ti - Ml
Jsu.er t' .11 ... i.i, iur tl..- Ini.u i... ud. "...1 .if. c -