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CDEXjiOTTIIS, 1ST. O.. Bl."" G, 1836,
KUITOR & l'llOl'ttlfcTOR.
ft... V.. -it. rn r..titn. U'l.iw will l.o i. fl(.ri,.t tfkkiih.
. m ti it luiri 4 iii MU i t
puM.Alf AND Mr TV 'KYI'S if ....i incut l,c
a. 1 1 t'-.r n.rn. i, ..it, I in: anil III (I.I. IK II. I. A IS
. . . I ..." 1 ... ... . r r u ill I... fli'M'.ili.
, i- ....
1 .1 iili H i mr.nr;iiii'l liti hill I tl'l I UI L t:
1 ! 1 i:u mint i' - n j. 1 -
"''"i , i.ri 11 iu,
Mti tin. r i-v tiit aucti i) Cur the tifft r
;,;."! , ,! M.intf. rl.Sr.iai
ci ui. Iii"nir ; iinu ii iii inn inn ui .i.ij per rein, win country, pnn.-ing an'i repassing, me pleasure cape inai way in case oi iieieai. ; ol tlie Executive Ollieer, : ut mat me w nolo , j
.. U.e r. ..l,r ,.r,.;.-.. . .ofcH, the centum. of tLe people of differ- ' When Clarisse, the Count's daughter, tet.deney of their conduct i, practically, to ; CuEAT KttlTAIN kv a duty of 7c f - eduention be.ng es,u ly riiteii
v,t y-ir. A...t.-..rtt. ..i-.rt.rf ...ontl.ty r ...!, .. , . . ,. A . ' make Liu. a Monarch. .. oulv nominally i Pr lb., and 0 per cent additional. Tobae- 1 M as "um l..r e.v. -j ,ug V tomuiil-
. . ...... . ...ii
ri.-riy. "i i pi-r iuuia lur cu u nine. oc..,,.
In.ililli: y J urnn ji r kiju.iri: ir imii imv.
J ('u-liilti t re utholil'il to net npel.li.
T hf Nd.? of t Ii r Lutein uti vr.
lit- nrr I Ui wj re ! fur I e uw in my m tf lit
.1 i n crt am nd m uT ttf it ;
iun he n J-t tlic bm u- ol muiu.
Aviunt ! ftvatmt ! f'ut t Urvxi yoxi n' t,
,Vi( iUft lir thr i ty juifi;
At.O I Imiifli at Hit m-iiili J
if iv i-Vr tillry und !ii
ii .l i t!ii ..i:r ol rtli
i i 4 (I -1 ' y e.i. nil I r.. i ii. y Ir in
A. I li. i.l ii. t ir-.n i.ln.
.t v I'lM.it tire fire .in.l my (rin is
At i.i.-.in ! ro.!itii i. l.n.d ;
i - my i - i. t ;n i i. mi I I on -l
I :kr f t tinil.-i' f r ill.f'i.' l-.u !.
A:: (f it, si! it iy, ii-. n y mei-n t.!ay,
W (,. i, rtl y miit. i 1 i.i r . t t ri c il ;
At i . uH.utij.lii li. ur 1 ll; 1 1 tiv ) ,
1. .en Ut. -iti.fi' iii.' li-iwiint; l.
I t,t r (l-e i il'ii cf a ri.iihJ c!iiti-s,
l ltr ;-jf!. ui ihr l.r:. i.i,
1 it- ir..iUi'e ol Uin'.f lieru lite rl.utch tfll
I r-r i n t.
H i.rrn Hi.
I.i ic'i i f t'u- roamiy .'i- p.
i'..'ii-Hi tturb it, v ii" .
'I ..f the ilr.rrl l .ii I w ith . lioft t 1 ft er p,
AiiJ t .ri vil i. it vi t fi- lit.
I !'.( .r"ili:li 11 c r.ty. t.iiif tri-M.
V ... fi the t i.n.i.p 'in; rri.iili nf n.uit'1,
ui. tl v ft t.'- "'ll ' .'I' Wl T li.iri frrl,
I..K. lin U f at I. ic li-yn j; and.
rt li.r r't.i"n .l tnirii.- t.i-4l ;
.ptsl-if inn in iiri-.il ;
I l-ri iii..- lit! Iii-v il n tr-'i fi-l
V i. vi tSr glifrri' p .new fe le in
li r 'i- n n v von Ilii y l.rjr
;'t I ii nt -ii i- :..m ' i r.
rit tKr m..m nf m.-n p t ti ii nmie with frr ;
I ; i ,rli. li.f. k il-K.
. . J X tm 9 ..... . .1 .1.1 1
a m'.kv ir nit; riu.v. it ur.vni.t Tins.
The traveller wht visits Mar, ill. s ran
l.t he'p 1 ein struck by the beauty of its
situation, liuilt at the bae of rich and ver
dint l,iil, it cittninands a fijll view of the
Mediterranean, which looks from that sp"t
bie au iinui'-use basin. Two magnificent
chains of roeks kirl lhi rxpani of waters.
V i aro lis) "iirpri-ed by the singular ap-
ijrat.ee r tin! soil. Vou do not seethe
fre.li rten pastures which Jon find on tin
i orders of the Snone, l ut a Inree lieap of ral
cined stones of a ray and biun color from
t'i" fir-t strati, and tin- it a very curious
The ci.y it-. If is pearly hidd. n by
l .n- and tapering hills, upon which ptovr
wor.ds of Italian pines, forming shades of!
dark pr. en foliape, which contrast b eauti-'
f illy with th pale hue of the olive trees
t rotiin.. near them. Thick and fra.-r.iiit '
"ri.i'-e covers thc
cr . "I. Wlllell, When
troldcn on, yields au o.'o' ''..at fills the air, habited for some time before the Count re
with its sweetness. When the settin"; piiii tir-i there with his only child, t .king w ith
pibls all these objects with its lustrous rays,' him to this lonely pol about a hundred fob
the effe. t ic quite enchanting. I'tider these j lowers to serve for a garrison, being deter
beautiful pines ar! built innumerable coun- defend it against the republicans,
try houses, occupied by the Mar-eiliai-, who should they assault him in hi.- place of re
po lie re every Sunday to forget the cares
f tlie world, and I? enjoy themselves in ru- "' WfU ,,l:,t Mar'eillai. would
ni pro,,, . ,!,.. ) or sailing about, the bay in be the first to li-e, and he was nl-o well
liuiii.TuUs pleasure boats. All houuh ' acquainted with tl.e horrors of civil war.
the soil is not favorable to game, from U.' U retreat was built like an eaple's nest
in.-so well cultivated, and from the dense-' between two pray rocks on a Ftnall table
t 's .,f the population, yet the younp poo-! h drawbridge, and was sur-
of the tw,, are often seen, pun in 1. . 1, . u''1'-"1 1 ' dl'' P 'H.o wall was a-
i-utfriMg tl.e woods i M:arch of sport. i ,,n" '!,ut' vvi ,'i-1'. ,,"arl-v l"-ee yards
The id. I.,. , .mlMhi-'k, and had small turrets nt the corners,
-HI , houses, and is one of iho most it,.,'-" '' h the (Jrcat da pe was done lv tin, loinado of
i r . .t i .-t ..turdav ni-'lit. I wo trains ol loa.le.l
t.-re. iii, . t .',-..,. -'l, ,l. ... soldiers, to pive the alaini in ca-o ot ilan-i ... - ., a- .i . i i
" r. -imp t iwin in I i aiicc. I hough at pre- " i frcieht cars were blowu off the track. A
"'nt ko loyal, it was before 1-FJ one of ll..!Por- Tbe I",,h W"'h 1,',i ,0 tllU rrlri'M j lady, at Westchester, was killed by shut-ino-t
d. inoeratie places in the country. Il ' waH vrr' Keep, but the scene on ascendirg: tr,' ,i she was attempting to close it
had been so independent for ll.'at il'" l-igbly picturesque. Large patches ofj Many bouses and Lams were unroofed.
b ire Mill, (.rent reluctance the long despot- ' ground were covered with the vine and ol-j
iM,i which followed. There are oven now i i", besides other fruit-tree ; the wild caper j ' What's in A Namk?" We arc inform
remain. f its rc cblic,,,. lei denei.-s. The ! "ll '' delicate tendrils around ll,ccd (says the Parhngtoi, Fiag) that a child
mains of it re rublieiiii tctdenei"s. The!
"Ihcers who have the rare of the public
health lurm a community mining litem. Ives.
1 ho fishermen, nlso, have their own laws
e imposp qui,,. a littlo republic, and decide
upon their own affairs, without ever having
recourse to a magistrate. Those vestiges
are very significant of thn Ptalo of feeling
existing there even down to the present day.
When t Gnat. Ilevolution broke out in
I'tance, tl. Mar.seiiluia wero the fir-t lo
s'-ud tl,,. tl rvi
n ir v
ith to 1'aris, to
n8it ill thu stnirj;le for liberty going ou
The environs of Marseilles are enchanting,
The magnificent forest of pine, ilex and oth-
rf f Iph I.Ik ir!iii rt t rnti n iwl 1 ia rme j
,10 country houses which stud the (tides of
1 ... 1. ....I. 1 !.... 1 c a 1 . t
.1 . 1 ml . -.i .1 11 . ,
. "inn, ll l I hit . iji; WUir R U 1 I1U .'I Pill-
...... r . t i . t
lciiiiiii-uii m iik (' il iir r 1 rr iimtiMi.
au towoiihL' ju the distance, nul built
- 1 on a rot k w liit h hcciiis to ri.- out of the he it,
i-r,ll,e lna'1 'l"")' ",c "'"I1 of ah,l0st every
1 .i i
.,.iilu..i7 luiung nun j,iuce, itiiuny
ttie luebitiiiabli; proinenaUe, maka the town
go ittraetive, that f. w .-Lrangers. leaves it
j r.ithout regret.
( ir Ai'TKi: ir.
At the tloa of a i try lu t day, when the
sun had 'iveii pbiee to the moon, and the
sea was so trampiil that it I j.iki.'d like lake
of silver; a merchant ship was coming into
the harbor on her return from her voya -c
, T ... ,
to the Levant. M.u was sa.lmg sokly on
the bosom of the ocean, when a sphsh was
hear" in tin) water. The man at the helm
! looked oi.t. and saw ti nt il,e l,m I. ml mi.
.ram-t a .....!! ).t Ti...
rower, were trug,;.i,,g to p,,.erve them-
m Hes fr.iin unking ; au alurm was given,
and the oniinom cry of ' in. ti ov.-rl oard '
resounded frmn mtnv voic s in tl- shir,. A
j boat was lowered, and il.e
p-r-ens w ho
; could swim were sovn rescued
I Hut there was xnotlitr who, it i-eeuiel
jlikrly, would he left t5 the mercy of ili
waves, as it w is evident he could not -wim.
A stentorian voiey was h'-ar l fiom the side
'if the shji. frjinjj 'Fellows, do you n t
' see j.,u have left a tinn to drown T and, a'.
ll.e lame in-1 1 nt. a sailor leir t into the sea
t r " in the d ok, eil"i the drovitiirg p. rsru
1 ;, tr.e hair of his l end, and swum with him
. to the bo.it, int.j which they were iiiitiicdi-
ate!y taken, and brjurbt on board the ves
se!. Thf rrnn wn curried b.-!ow, rude 1 ut
kiii ! iiur-. s inini-ter-'d 1 1 his want-, mid bo
sunn recovered his n.es. I le told the cap
tain that !. was ('.mi t !' A iibij.-ny, tint h'
had ieon that day t sn friend, w ho s
to sail the next mornifL' to a di-tant couu-
to a di-tant
try ; had remain. J l n. r titan he intended
!...! w rtturninj, when, bv the awkviard-
'mi.' rf hi, rower, his u sk.ff
bid run a-iin-t lie- mi-reiiar.tnriu. I'e ad-di-d,
that as !. ct.v i n it Mtiiii him -elf, h
should no d 5i.f t Ir. ve Hut witi. a Watery
trave, but for the intr pidity nf the young
s-ti'-tr th'-n a-'n d t J j n-.tic- ! ins pie-
server, wh.i replied
'I am i ailed U l.ecqii 1'ji.tai.ge, and'
au. .. tuitive of M ir-, .!! .'
; ' I hsve ni doubt," said the Coiitit, 'tint'
I may .s- ii..- .lay I . a: !'.- ti t
f i ....... . t
' " -
nude. I mu! n jtv !-avc ou, as my daugh
ter will be uneasy at my pr j'oti.-ed ub-ene
licberq ii, ah., was much supiti -r in bis
manners lo tno-t per..ns of bis eai!iu.', of-
f-re.l tn aocoiitp.!,)- biiu in a boat t . the f.x.t ', whi,:h w. ro found joining cjcIi other in con- t'c' "ead of winch ,s tins universally ac
f i! , tntiir.;., ,. l.;..l. .1 , r ...:i - lextural firm, which when separated, the kuo led i;ed imbeciles controls those iu Con-
that his cistb: stool. Tin skiff was soon '
ready, and I'Aubit.y, aftt r di-ttibutin 1
all the money he had ah .ut him among the
ar! inatil.ini' tlie captain 1 ir ln.s kind-
ness, was up. e.lily on
1 I., reo'lest . I
ed tube I.indi d at a small creek at the fool
if a stet p bill. From this p tint ttn-re ap
peared to be a path indin up ard, which j
sfeiinnoly led to some stronghold on tin
sun. iii it. At the eonnnei.ei ment of the crap
py road the Count took Jeave of his pre-cr
v' r. 'o "" roned l.se U Ins ship
I . A I I.I. I
" Aul uny had chosen an al-
'"n"t i'nprcgt.able bei-ht for bis"dwclling .
ll an tuat. d about fi.ej
ll,i,e'' ,rom ar " ' It had belonged toj
t. ll Al l l.ll III.
fi.A ti... .it- i,. ...j . ..a i... i . . -.i i :..
"" ""' ' ion ' ""I I'l. n 111-
! ,r""k of sn""' l:irS; P"0. " ll"
'.i ...l.i . i '.. .t-..
. -. .
in Willi i
i thyme and other odoriferous plants formed
j a soft and swci tstuelliiig carpet under the
All this vegetation was plentifully water
ed by the mountain torrents. Hecp gorpe ;
and dark dcils met the eye on every sides
but on approaching thn summit, the path
led over high and barren bills. At the
back of the castle ro-e a magnificent forest
con: is'ing 'f splendid fees of every sort. U
extended a long distance inland, and grud-
ually sloped to a valley, leading to a village
some distance off. The forest rendered the
bateau more accessible on that side, a cir-
Pll tiitt i no n f inn rniif 1 v nt ot-1 nnLfxl .v i la in
habitants. Ju one of the rocks which rose
1 , .....
. 1 .. - l : - ..1 .. -a . 1. . 1
II I I V I H.' I UU II U IV. U I U I HV L lit. U II li I I U W
, I ... .Jl.. -
iouii Miia 1 11. hi en ni 1 uriiniv hmi 111 kimi k
"trrarnious paasa-'ft uudrr tho building
i a vury ntoowsary precaution, w liit-h ona -
I bled the bcMeged id tunc of trouble to e.s-
neBni m ins an venture, Hue lmiueuiaiejy in-
vetted the young smlor wjtb all the attrit)-
utes of a hi ro of romance. This wan until -
ral io a -ill of fifteen, who had always liv-
I . . :
in lu.um m, mm .io.iiij: m.'i uu hi-
very eirly, had no one to love but hot
r 3 '
er. The Count was a man of noble char-
aeter, ami, being very well educated, was
able to impart his ktiolcd"c to bid dau"b-
In cor.se,,uence of tins, her cducaHon as
rather masculine j but being very amiable,
it did her no harm. Her father knew the
Inniinn l,.-rt n,.,l l,r..,.,.l.( ri ..;n !..
i.. . i. .i.... i -i i... ...
Pr ..-.lilies by putting the n.ot con,-
piete couE.lenee in her. In consequence-of
tbis, she was never rebellious he never
f v r-....;.! ,! ,, .,. f .t!
b tck on that la-t refuse of the oppressed
deception. Clarisse was a line girl, with
sparkling black eye, and hair like thc ra-
veil's wing. .She gave, at the age of fifteen
every promise of being a lovely woman.
I! in' very much left to herself. o inir tc
. , , n
her fattier s trcpient absences, she delight-
t, t.i 1'lifi.ri tt... r,i.L-j nl,:,.l, n-'.t-,. n..AH ll.
v. im . ii.iiu mi io. nj "in. "UK tai u U
., v ., ..... ......
..s, . . . country ...ungc in,,
the forest, and return, la. ilIi with fruit and
flowers ; always g-ttiug home it, time to re-
ecive her father, who took particular care
I I fill i.Mt n f In.ilil n l.vi. .. L..1 y . t I lu
youiiir ftranrr, wondrrin'' if hhc t Loa!d ev
TO UK ( li.NTl.NL J.li.
ClMf tNNATTI, April 1'
Dl..STItL'l TI VE 1'lliEAT N AsllV II.I.K, TkN-
Msstt. A very destructive nro occurred at
Tennessee, on Sunday last, de
'troyi2 much valuable proper!) , including
tint t ity I ouill.ouse. 1 lie tol.ow.nj are
the prineipil sufferers: Mt --rs. I,iugls K
I',.., loss f 17.1,110.. ; the Court II .u-e, $:bl,.
o.io; "iardii. r, Sl.epherd . Co , S 1 0.l'HO ;
StritkK-r, Ki!i. A ( 'o , ?",ooo ; II Kwins,
?n.tn.ii; V. K. ":;-:. ,it, ?-'.'':;!; H.U. S, i-
vel, ?J."t,OilO; Kliiston Kvans, 810,00.1
The abrogate loss j, JJ'i,oO0, ..ii which
there is at. insurance of only 17 1 ,i.0it.
,.u s Aiiv tv Illinois." ... I' .nr. s-
... . v i ........
trien t ,n .augaii..i. iwttom, in una county,
a slt.trl limo since, we were cali. il to exam-
me a specimen of stone wblcli fie Irul lat-Iy
t tk.-n up from a nei .hbot in- nuarrv. The
eurio-ilv fc.n-iste.l ot two sail. I stone roeK
face of one presented thc appearance of
having been a part of the aide of a ve-sel
near the cunwale. There seems to
been an over-lapping of thc timbers, iu the
toriu ol uiouiiiin, arounu tne vn-ci.
IttrAi'Ft-r. MotiT.ti.iTV rm-M Cum kra
AT, IMF., IuMA-. IsLAMts. lie
eeascu io rape at mat place ; out line u
po-cd to rejoice nt this cheering news, we
in u t n it overlook the fact that quite a lare
iin'ober of persons were carried off by this
fatal ili-ease. The statistical report exhib
( tctub. t to the "il1!!. of IV eember, 1 ..-, out
f a n.,iFre r,ati, there were 1,0--.'
cases of cholera, and til 1 deaths.
Wo y I'll. M w. Fii.i.muuk Avi'imvE the
its in. si irtiiiii' I. let t tat iron, tin st . ol
Kt'iiniVK Si.a E Law Because (accor
ding to an Indiana paper) iu .loin.' so he
as but earning out one of the prent prin
ciples of the party which elected him that
the personal opinions of the executive,
broiipbt into conflict with the will of the
people's representatives, by au arbitrary
exercise of the veto poaer. JJcni(n-r.irc
I'liii.APt.i.riiiA, April 13.
llESTniTTlVKTnKNAl.il. A terrible tor-
nado swept over this city last night, unroof- I
1 . . . , !
e lot. l ouses and doing much damage to
'...I l ....t.i;.. '...;i.l. The ...l. I
rhurches ami public buiblinps. The Frank
lin Iron Works, lot) feet long, were totally
demolished, nlid the liiiilro.nl Depot al
Kei ni;ton was much injured.
Fllll.AtiKl.l'ilIA, April 14.
Fl ttTlll.ll .Va tiLVI'SOK THE TlillNAl.O
. . ....... .i -...i.i...
in tins IM.-Itici not IDII2 since, rccencu uie
following; name. It beats the name of the
vonr I'riuc'e of Franco all hollow : Fran-
eis Cornelia Amarintha Olivia Sarah Be- j
becca Sophronia Julia Josephine Victoria
Juceu of South Carolina.
A lary fellow once declared in a public
company, that he could not find bread for
he family. "Nor I," replied au indu-tri-
oil- nie.yi 'tiiie,
1 am "Id. ! to .ioru I. r it
e. . Ir.-it.i .aiile st::t. tint Ihn rlioera lias... . i .. t
MONAIiCIIICAL TKN.lKNL'Y OF LO
nessing there, u ever, observing mind V'V r "" '"T j I Lave lee., enabled at last to make ar
must, Vt.e power and influ nc which even a "" h"l . ! ikWxM lor the puhlic.ion ol a Maga-
i. :...i ..:i in... .1... IbiF.MEN levin a tnriI ihitv ofof vr 7.ine. to he sent lour times a year, tree d
1 ., t.. A- i.:,
. ." ...
r 11 1, I' u 11 u liu mwo tr. w.. mint Vi
null tm ft V In I fill f TOMB. Mill H fill. IV OVfiVV
!""" "7 " -."--' . J
... t. li nna 1, a.. I.i.i ,.!....
iimii ci hibi . mat uuc uir luui liihiui;
ttiristics or rm
teritic of modern and nd-calicd Demoera-
1 f . u i
co j,'oco vath
cy is a Urotia tendency ;owards a Monar -
not mean b-tins that the ho-
I.. tn ,.t it, ....,
.. ii. . . .i ... .i
, . ' , ' , -
1 We boast that our Givernment is the
freest on earth, and so it H, if administered
.r,l.,,,..!il, ;uil,.,ri .....I
,. . . , . . T . . r .
piiance wun vue hpirn uu imeui oi me
( 'ntisliliition : mid vet. Wi,e never llm n.is.
' ceJ l.emocraey are iu p.ition, the Kxe-
cutive of their choice exeit a more despo-
,il5 V"tir than most of the Mouarchs of the
,01,1 Wor,1,1- ,,e "ot only jr.connucda n.eas-
urea to Coni'ress, at it his duty to do,
Lul Lu recoI1I1(!n,lltiuI1 ia regarded, by
those of his own party. ho, as the repre-
sentutites of freemen, should know and ac-
knot led-e no masters lut their constitu-
cms, tii a commsnu iroui t superior to ilic-
(.y the,,,, be it in aeeordiuce with their own
sense of riht, their convictions of duly, or
the interests of their country at large, or
t M' t0 bc el!f,"u for thvm to
know thc will of the Kxe-utire ; no matter,
ri" lit or wroni'. thev are i ter ready slavish-
y to obey it, because thj y believe it to bc
the interest of the artj to follow its ac
hnowleilgcu lea i-.T. (
, It is certainly humil.r.ting, to the last
legree, to au American f'veman, who jindes
1 " -" i , ...iw
f el, that tlio highest ot.ee iu the gift of
llU (' ft it t) f T V !1 1 1' n 1 H fillt'tl t nil I 111 111'.1! i . lit'
" " ' ., .... v . .... , j
one who had nothing to on.inend bin. to
f(,r 'Jj 1 ' J
jut laa t l,ow m,ich ro humiliating is
it, to be compelled to witness that the or -
i ..( i i-.L . it .
Ul'la IJI rVfll RUL'll O. III.'. .MH1'IL1 ilLI' II m.
implicitly obeyed by luo, of bisoirn partv,
V y f
, who claim to be the repr, ntativesof fw -
; men, but who in truth " deed, are the
i mere slaves of party, the willin
: of Kxecutive usurpation.
1 No man can tmw.n-tl:!'.' snpnd nnv tiiitt.
in the ('...ital of the -Vol' ... without bein.J
made to feel this hurni,. .tioti. Whatever
may nave been Ins priilo .: country detorc,
t-er exalted t. is tea ot the eleva-
ttirand t.rriZ. i--i-ci.oe '
tej eh ft i act
the representatives of thf peop.., he will motions, thouch frequently suspended bv 1 parativ. ; ly, a very small .No ol those int. r
leave for homo with very different views, Belgium. i estcd in its details ; and this is to me a source
t-i'.ly :.atisfied that he l.a all his life been Sarhima .1 (Jovrnmcl monv!,t of n,ucli res-'r,t. l''!p he put.I.e o;i,t
grievously mistaken. Tl.ou-1. satitied him- j The annual revenue cannot be calculated, j ! l' ,cf''r","", . "0' nnnemeut-. 1 (celt!, it
self, as every intelligent mm iu the country t as tl.e Italian States are grouped in oftVial I a'" ''l"? ""'.r "" '! , '." ,,',v,"-.. f'u l'
now is, and finding public Pen'imetit at the : returns of commerce. knowledge du.iiM d as wnl.-iy as ,,.,!. . .
I'-.r.ii-.l i,.,iv..r..'l. (.. ,.e,.r.J l.Unvt.t. , , ! I !. all honest a in I s imp! ic l ; v I aver that 1
Private co.vietion,. that tke Pre. nt incum-
bent of the White House has shown him-
s.lf so ut.-rly unfit for the place, as to have
f,rfeited all respect and onfidc.oe of even
! ' . .
- i - .. ...- i ... ii..
in own party inonus, atifl to fe resaruea
mh ti1 rrpaiiirp (i n ' n 11 n.
. . ,. , ... r.. - ,, , T"
. " ' . ' '
; "' i-"""s" .-..u.-ueu oi
"eig ouuiuieu uicrein uj an ue
l" al1,1 s es. be will find, to hi- on utter
astonishment, that the administration, at
?ress o. ns parry, ana obtains tlteir support
to anymeasurc it desires, whether right or
wron.', just or unjust.
Such is modern 1'emocracy. Those as
sociatetl under its name, and acting togeth
er, without reference to the principles their
nartlsan name wr.nl. 1 iintitirt n..tc l,i lrt.lv
ifH., lo vtvt.rv , n' '.:
ii,,, D.., ;, 't i,., .., ,i c n
.... - . ... . . uu unuu ui .1' Hive-
t iicjr ouiy io au
racy only to abuse it, and they profess
l'cmocratic principles, while all their acts
tend to strengthen the Executive Department
of the Government, and nake the Lcgiida-
li ve branches wholly servile to its behests. I
.hi, establishing, in fact, if not in name, a
Monarchy. Aud why are tht v thus deirra
... - - a
uiug their own manhood, by surrctiderins
ineir own rigiits at well aslliosc ot the poo
-.1.. ... I . , ' ... .. !
ioc, nini niahing tiiemscives tl.e mere re-
I .'I' i. .. . .
2 cT, ' Xe(TCef .I'. '0aU'e',
a . e.-scn ,al part of the Loco creed, to
dace party ,. hove country, and to 8ervc i the
iiiteiests ol tne loruier at lire expense of the
..i ier . Lver boastful of iheir devotion to
popular nghts, ,hey , their acts , Con-
gr. ss have no regard for the.,, but so con-
torm to the will and wishes of the oue man-
power as to benefit themselves or their party,
lor these obvious rea-on, aud inauj
oilers which might be adduce , we are jus
tiue.i it. sayin
.'Sted , saying that the tocdeney of Loeofo- . lrom '.l.-i.lishtiieut there -o.sn,
,s to cs.abl.sl, a Moaarehy ,u fact.- Co, it, , ,, Cavalry, under
lersonal and po.u.ca. .jdepenilence arel,)le C0muiauij 0f (), Hardee, are stationed
' , " 7"" " u" "ol
no exlnlnteil bv aiiv one icriit tit the )..
.,.,..!,:..., ...,i . t i . . .
j iM, " 7'L' " lue "8-
arJ uf ostracised. It has been so for
. . j - - ----r-
where, within the last twenty years, the
known will and wishes of i Loeofoco Kxe
cutive were not responded to and carried
out by a Lcx'eifoco majority iu Congress.
No such elevated independence, like that
exhibited by the Whigs in Congress in Tay
lor ntnl Fillmore's time of service in the
W bite House, ever even once characterised
Locolocoisin. False to its name aud pro
fessions, it is doing its worst to our free
Iifpuhlican system ; and if anything could
impair our confidence iu tlie peri.etuity of
our institutions, it would be the readiness 1
with which tlio people have hitherto suffered j
themselves lo be imposed upon by a set of
political wolves in sheep s clothing. Hap
pily for the country, however, a uew era is
dawning upon it. Mis-called Bemoemcv is
coming understood, and the time is rapid.
ly coming when the Aii.eriiau people wi
no longer be deceived by a falsely assumed
name, and falsely professed principles.
'it iLulcljilt in Ae .
A person looking at some skeletons the
other dev. asked a young doctor where be
pot tin iU. lie replied. I.'t rui.'.d .''ei'.JJ.
Statement " respecting the Tarijf.thttir
Jirstrictions, j'roh Hit ions, a tut Custom
! cnt Imnort duty is levied nt the rate civ-
. . . ... .11:.:. .
. ' . . . ..."
.vil wi iuvivv u.u.. , 1. nil i.. .IVii
I , , : ' in
. Ui llCIL'Uli I'llU lUnUMULt; CIIIII"!". nil
' treigu vessels (Auienean excepteil) mut
! - n -
i entereil at tliid port by a lieeitd
! "ipuiocr, ' exenii.uoo in iavor oi .AUien-
can Tcssel.1 Iiavin! neen couceuea liv the'
can vesse .1 bavin'' been coucedeJ Lv tic
p.imttnSnniita in IK. el
, -. ..i,;i.:..l. 1 ..
ported into Great Dritain, unless in vessels
f not les than 120 tons'burden, and il0
1 ports approved by the Commi.sMoi.ers
'I'n.ini.,. Tl,n. ... I ..,!.. t:
Those ports are London, Liver-
pool, Bristol, Hull, Lancaster, ('owes, Fnl-
mouth, Whitehaven, I'lymo Jth, New Castle,
.Southampton, I'restou and Swansea, in Kn2 -
land, Aberdeen. L. ith and (.reenoek, ,
Scotland; and Dublin, Belfast, Galway,
Limerick, Londonderry, Newry, jii0
Waterford, Wexford, and Drogheda, io Ire -
land. Duties alike from all countries and
iu all bottoms.
, n . . , . r , 1 '
fc,IJy.ta .,fcn"S f,tbC 0t J?T a4'
V1 Ao'?'lcI?,'.r'-od.1cc, if imported direct
to 1-rat.ee in Lu.ted .States bottoms, ad-
nutted on the payment of the same duties
.s Cpplyto mU.ilar.inpn,tt,..,,sfro1n conn-
tries out of Lurope in I-rench vessels. 1 he
ong.n of the merchand.se mu-t however,
be duly authent.eatcd and eerffied by the
collector at the port ot exporta.,01, and by
the i-rench Consul. America,, tobacco .s
purchased ly the Commnss.oners of the
Ke.ie for the dovernment factor.es, and ,s
annnrfPil Mr inr in I ronn i ai A nuii-i.. . .-.u
sels free of duty. In foreign vessels the
r. .... . V 11 V U V'l 11IIIVII.UU W'.Jl-
ti. co per tun Kilogramines, l-i-il
,s,) The monopoly was established iu 1-1U
V .n 1 .1
I' 1 ut'I till UL'I. I It.
I A... ,
mollam, irr,,i nn.mj nr j,r
' it tmpoited direct from the tinted
?Ut 1wi,ted " !he V"" f""' ,'lcl"!r
1 10 m"K. D n,n.0nal
cPAIN joourro is a (lova nhinU niono.
7 A"mnl 1,1 ule P" 01 -"'' 1
A ii...fin,. r. . ..... .f'tl. 1 I..
'.'"". '7"' " "UIJ a"" 1,1
:vPalllsb f a duty of l..c. per lb. 11.cf.riy-
'-.'"e ot the tobacco monopoly in iSnaiu is
r.-uieu id inuivitiua.s, ami yicus a revenue
of about 54,00(1,000 per annum.
llELOIt'M rri. J a ilutti of gl.6f iwr 2 '1
V" In the direct trade between the L'ui -
. ..I !..... -- ) 1. t " - .1 1 , .
ve.. .-lau-s aua ieigiuni me vessels ot roll.
nauons are oqiia,iza uy treaty, in tl.e in -
'Hreo r triongH .r trade th-re ar dUer."...-
i xvt.: , .1. Z. ZZT fT
i ' ' rui .1-1 i.'t -vi iii.uivu vi lite; wov
, vrMuvut ,hu duty is t s-3 r,er 110 lbs
be' d U7 cen b for
: Port 1
cwtuEsi I'tirs rr anil nr a ;i-U per I
m. . . -
the duty is over 1(10 per cent . and imr.cr.
I tat-ions from the United States are dimiuiah-
, jnir auuaVi
Nohway Icrirs a dulii of 4'c ;rr ..
I Owing to a difference it. the wtihts and
measures in use in Norway, the duty h a- ; I went, and thus to appear to more advan
bout :l per cent. less than iu Sweden. tage than I have recently don-.
I'ORTt aAL Guifi nment monoph. But while vanity, health and self interest
The raw article for the factories of the Gov- ' as 'l as tlie expectation of the public de-
ertiinent is derived chiefly from Brazil, and
li all a miilion pounds per annum being re
ceived from the I'nited States.
AltMV Xews. A private letter from San . teutiou. If. lt bound to pursue this mere
Autotiu, Texas, contains tbo following items ! irksome coure-nt,d I can freely as-e,t
, that while I have probably devoted less
of army news : I . . .
J i time to society or amusement than anv man
"Colonel R. F. Lee, of the 2d Cavalry, the State, 1 have not perhaps been siitli-ha-s
ariived at Fort Mason, aud p"., t3 -J. ;(.i,,ntjy curcful of health or private interests,
ty with his regiment. Lieutenant lla.b.iin- This mnch 1 feel bound tosav in e. iieral
I ;tl,rv rtf .La ,: I .1 I '
1 " a cu 7 Z Z ,
i - i j v . v .
most ilistiuguisled officers during t'ne late 1
war with Mexico, and the whole army wiil
hail bis appointment to the vacant Bri-a-
u;.,..t.;.. ,.;.i. ,i..i; .1 .
.iiiiiiiii ni.i. uciirui,
T1,c K-Plrn.t'Ut of Texas has no milli-
i ta mlfamk,r. Ge ,
; th e Xorth but Las uo, T b.iieT ,
ovcr ui, comll).,nH to MlV()(hrr offu.r. Wt.
hc of uo fl,rtllvr Indian depredations in
, lhis ,arter Xu. Jc n;((,e -t fQ
, ,,ot lor llu.nl of latu tha t) . , .
,i r j, ...n . ......
. v-'.ui.. uvnu tu i-.nitii iiHiiir;
The Caiuanches in the new reservations
ou the Clear Fork of the Brazos lliver are
getting along, quietly, and much (good is an
near, or ou the Hoservati -u. and the State
.... . ........
oi lexa.s nas extent ed me I nirei Mates
laws over the country around the Iteserva
tion. This keeps off the villainous w hiskey
sellers who iufe-t the vicinity of all military
posts. Cpt Baylor, the Sub-Iu.lian Agent,
has his residence on the Be'servation." S.
.Vf F'- 'J'nms.
(3" Mr. Buchanan was treated with
great disrespect in Philadelphia by the City
Councils. A dispatch fiom that city, dated
the '-.'Ith, says that iu the Common Council
this alternoetu a resolution was offered ten
dering the use ol" Independence Hall to Mr
Huchauan, iu which to receive the cougratu-
lations of his friends, which led to a heated
political debate ot a most rabid character,
including aspci-.-ious on l'rcsident Fierce,
c. The resolution was finally defeated,
by a vote of .lo" to '.'0. In thc Select Coun
cil a resolution of similar import w as also
presented aud likewise rejected, bv a vote
of 13 toll HV. rW..
ANOTllER Kahthqvakk. The Japanese
officials report that on the I'-'th of Dec. anoth
er severe earthquake visited Jeddo, destroy
ing bouses and ttinples and burying oturly
Ac I r us-atli tje ruins.
' to TIM". IIIKMiS of UKM'.ltAT KHIVA-
I all charce except postage, to each I ;- trict
'- i- . 1... 1' ,.
I . . r . '.. " ...
1 v. w ... .1' . 1 . . -
-I'l... i ....,.;,... ..ill 1... ,.rit..,l nt;
1 lUillll. 1 11V i' j 11 i. 11 v en. v. k - 1
; Kaleigh, neatly got up, ami contain """
"ro p.ts , ,,;,,,,- ,,., ur
. 'J "i""
'will be ctrculatea iree
I . . .
will ue crrcuiaieu nee ui enme, nun n
Mil .n ( iili.tui 11 in V IO !!f UltlTeM.H GI
tees, teachers, i;rei inteiiii.nits am! txainu-
couimiileo?, important intormatiuti eon-
, cerniiig the history, pro-re-s and eonditicn
of,01 "'"" I'OoU tn . aronna ami in
otl"'r Mtos, m Matisties, I acts, ana su-
! other Mates, nun statistics, laet
! pestions bearing on ti.e success ol ll.e eau-e
o I"pulf education here at heme. .-u. l.
'il ""'a""" ri'ii.ieatioi. b'twein the
, head of our s) st,.m t (. onmmn .-selev Is al, l
'ts I""1'. ,s ",uch i ' "r a
I long t.n.e it had been my uosire to create
! bv '"-v ow" retsourees, aim those nt my to
' H"" l,,e "'oa"s oi )VrUn,A a Journai of
l'''-s 'm ""'hout attempting to get subscri-
bers and ithout taxing the clio.d fund.
1 lirst attempted to procure auvcrti.t in. nts
' o. our miMiv Coile,es and Aeaden.ios,
; thinki..-eno.,.,, f the-e were interested in
t0 ll(.:. tl)C t.xpi.I1c, tU wo.k;
, a,id a Jo,ltirlj:ll ctui.
j ; fc u.riu Joc;ltijll al)J t.ou,;,tiull of
, Jch woul(J cwl jllt,rtf j,,,.
I ; yi(.w 'of our c,lu,.atio:,l lesoiMces.
j bil(J tl,e cUic;ll nllJ CoM,nKll s.,1,;,,
, wou,,, ,, LulieCli,l!f (,ac., other,
Ma ofthe!iC 8Mllle4 favorahlv iueliued,
j , jj; cdui!at0M werc mech plca-ed
' wjtli thc ,;, Ut aMSW,ri caIllt :II s;OHlv.
: mlu.rs wUljed ,a back t,U tLc ,.rojt.t.;
After a great deal of corrcf j.ondencc and
! ir It 'I ;
effort I have finally inaile arrangements to
pbli,h a yuu.tr Mat;az.,.e, arger am.
finer than I ever hoped for ; and a l, umber
' 1,6 wl,t fro" to each ,,iMrk'1 (-'0,,""iu,-'
itllt ,1,e, nUt ' ' "' 1 "" a" ' t0 . e!'cl'
i member ot the Uiim ot ountv n! rint- u-
t,0,1,,s cvcr umy, am, m r, iiriiiw,
,.'!. l'.,.,..M.t.id A iiviiitiiiti. .... l.i.rj
' ' "o-.-.-
The first No. will be issued ns oo as
'o:in rri-rare the content
anu in I lie Uu no
I tune, it spareu, 1 Inpe to l utile at lat to
j change this from a quarterly to a monthly
periodical. In making this giatifyinc an
! nouueenient 1 b.'P" I wiilbe ( x.-u-ed f..r
..T....:. I.I '.I vr.lnn.it;.... . . I .... I-1 ,(
uik ict , . . ,
'") eou.se as . ..i.e.... . v.
: f"-' V." """''"' r '-.'-io-
i eatly delighted if my M
i ' ? f' u '? Kl.owt, toa.lu.cn
I " T T' V"' '
I 1 1 b!Vl' llF'l. t0"M"1"
fully known to all ii.cn.
tious and ui.st.:i ri hit lutflort to increase the
c tlicii-ncv of our t omiiiui .Schools anu to
l,.,r,.,fit .1,, rit.'.i;..
p my name
I It would have
It would have been eav to k
before tl.e public : to travel, m goou sea-
: sons and iniujlo with old actiuaii.tances and
pleasaut and influential people, to speak as
! manded such a course, it was obvious to me
that much more penera! and lasting inllucii-
ccs could be excited by means which would
not be immediately sect) and appreciated by
mv friends, od renuiring more anxious at-
. -. . i
..T . .?.!, 'U " . ' . V . .
ii-Nicct iu tuai . ui'iit. n U7. t; oiiv.iiiva.uiu.
,,,,,1 which ought to be iuiormed of mv of-
I would al-o freely and inot respectfully
challenge a thorough investigation it: to the
truth of this assertion ; but. of course, I can
not, in this card, go iuto the-.-e' detail. 1
nnv, however, as one of many such labels,
cite the case ed' the Magazine' ai.U"ut.ctd
above ; and add tn.it iu tui-, and in otlnr
publications ofuoful matter bearing direct
ly ou the interests c" our Common Scion!,
and calculated to exert permanent aud por
vadins influences, I have had cjit tided
more than the amount otinysaiarv tor the
year, thus in thi ore item giving b.-uk
more than I have r c-ived. I do I. pe I
will be excused for making this allusion ; it
is certainly not done in a spirit e'f ego'i-fie
boasting, but only as a fact tor assist u ce iu
the foi inatioti of jut opinions cneciieiig
the maimer in which the office oi'Snptiin
tendeut has been made influential tor good.
It would be tedious to go i: to other tact-,
or even into ail thc details el tin ; any oi :
eat. see that tin fact mono i a Vei imp .
taut one, and in. '..lies a good n.-at.y oiuiis
worthy of consideration.
Suffice it to say, iu thi connection, that
our Common School sy-tcu. has undergone
1 radical change for the letter in the last
few eats that aget cie ot a pervading
and lasting character are tow at v oi k and
that to all hnn.au aj pi arat.ee a sy.-t- lu . !
things has been begun which will ie hing
ing more and n.oie before us avl I c: oie 1
our children the f..et, intenst and ,-tatis ;
tics of our Schools, will be infusing n.oie;
life and more inte'i.igeiiee into their manage- .
inept, and will be exciting at home am
,hro,id more rrsrtoi't for our progress aud !
jour character. " j
I (,ne iu c ircident speatfs vo.'.nucs
When I first begun to devote u.vself to th.
Literature of the State, I found but little
encouragement amongthose who supply the
iutcliectual demand of tl.e Com try.
The literary and Book publiskiog world
tectuel fully iupic-td wiiU tno i.iex tbn
uo 'A t'.iu'f could coaic froa Ni ith Cjro.
linn ; nor was there any attempt to disguise
the fact tii tit they regarded investnieiits und
nd vi iiturcs on tV.ii intciiiei:ee and ta?te of
of our people as thf lea.-t promising that
could le made io any part of this great Na
tion. ( If cour.-e 1 met with no incivility to me as
aihnn but a a ciiizi'U of the 5-tate, mv ex
perience w as of ti c mo-t mortifying eharfic
li'T. I n ns Tiljwed in n !iftilir.n Ia rtiiom.r
til0 ,rui. ,) ,v no I)lt,:ill fiat,,.re (,.,;.
; ....nained abroad of our intellectual
mora 1 I oourcfM : ami a peiiMtive mind
coining thus in contact with this bar-h
judgement was naturally impelled to an op-po.-i:e
exticme, and indue, d to answer un
just impressions with a too partial defence
and eulogy. 'J hi-, account to some extent
for descriptions of our State thought by
si n.e to be too highly colon d.
A few .-ears only have elapsed sine?
works on njr State were considered as very
poor s'oek ly the Literary Broker.., and
since every tl.inp was to be presumed
against us, and on us was the burden of'pror
iiiLT that there was any good, liberal or in
ti licetiril resources here worthy of atten
tion Now heboid the change 1
'I in-Statistics from the ..ftiee of Superin
tendent of Common Schools, have been
scattered abroad and ut home, with a care
ful view to tin ir future results ; and abroad
tie v are beating fmits of great imoor-
Now t -.o i. m-It. pel haps, is presumed io,
our favor ;.nd from nil the b ailing and
ent. rpri-i.io publishers, conn, letters and eu
q'.iiiies indicating a pleasant surprise at
the discovery of our hither to bidden veuis
of moral tua-ures, and a tii-po-ition to,
make the tno-t 1 i c . ai investments iu them.
Such things are of the most decided bene
fit tons; tin y give us a bitter opiniou of
ourselves, thus encouraging and stimulating
us to pri nter efforts, and they furnish ma
terial aid in the concessions made and ex
penditures incurred in behalf of our trade,
tiin.istiing us with greater laciiities in get
ting books, making sacrifices to supply us
i:ii t'.xt book iio.it tvinpliitii'iitarv Ions,
and ii.ci i n-iug and siiuojlatii.e; the Litera
ry tastes of the Community. I am allowed
to alter the texts of bi.-toi iis and geogra
phies to iinike tin in sp, nk inc,ro cericctl) of
our State, to have a sciies of Headers es
pecially adapt. .1 to our wants ami situation,
anu finally n have published thiity-live
hit nd red copies o! a handsome tnaaziuv, to
be exclu-iudy tilled and controlled bv me,
and to contain no ndvrtisiiueiits but Mich
as the triei.d- of our moral nini intellectu
al progress no interest-. 1 in seeing 1
To any one veil ver.-cd iu the facts of the
pa-t tl.e pa.-t ot only a few years ago,
this is a pn.u.ss as . i ;,t, i j.,,. .,s i: i.s won.
e relief. :
1 1., n, nt ue s i po.. as to no us rtv -now,
on t in- Lderary' Change, our
name is one- el tne luu.-t rt-peeted.
I hope that ri burs producing such rc.uita
see not in vain.
In addition to the al ove, 1 have made
nrr ,ii.( n., i.i- 1 ) have i-,-ut d an edition of
-t iiiilaid c py late-, which will have on
the cover a synopsis of our School Laws,
i'ui ii.-, and u-elol suggestions.
I have been fu.iy impressed with the
tact that copy-plates, are much needed in
our routine,,. Schools; many of our best
; teacher.- are young persons, who have not
! J"' leanied to write well, an art acquired
our, o long ami careful practice.
And it occurred to me that while having
these copy-plat.'. introduced, a double ad
vantage, n light be secured; the' covers,
usually filled with ad vertienituts, might
be made a means of disseminating useful
information. This is especially important
now, as tlie l ist Legislature- having ou hand
I a va"' i """t'ase.l amount ot business, did
, the lew ;eh:iol Law in LalM.hiet form tt ml
my experience, and that of ail School cK
cers i-t that it is impossiido to take too
much p:i:n to dis-emiuate a kuowledge
of the Law. These copy-plates wiil be
ciieap, the cheapest in u.e, and I hope,
wi:! bo universally used,
i I have al-o completed arrangements for
the publication of a teacher's Manual, U be
ued by our Common School teachers. It
i to contain the eet:tial parts of our
School Law and f unis. a few suggestions
i t-r govcrLing si !n.vl. and black
tables, with captions, by which, with tha
least trouble, and by only making dots,
tench. -is wi.l be enabled to" keep a full ac
count of th-' att.ndanco in School, for ti e
ihsp, ctiou of the Committee, and from
wi.ic'u to make ih.-ir rep. .-its to the county
eh a 'rui a ii. I: will b..v. blank lines for a
i.l n ynt.J f .'i exer. i-c ill riting ; mil w ill
1 o f-.i ni-!.. .1 t . teachers .it tiie' co.-t of print
ing. '1 be w hole Ian of this w as submitted
t the l. ..v.Miior and Literary Board, and
met tb'.ii- ': li.tl at probation. The work
was al-o , fi. red without price to the Board,
I ut it had not authority to joint, while the
' lovcriiu-, in s 3 cot. eluding, determined to.
reer.'iin cnd to the next a-eiil ly to vest
aath. i i:y mthe Board tj print and i!tri
biit.' thi- to te.ul.cr as a blutk. In the
no an time it wiil bo fuinisbjd at the bare
co.-t of priming.
11.1 card having already exceeded tl.e
limits originaoy intended for it, I must omit
several matt, rs w Inch I wi-hed O lav be
fore the public : at. 1 w hile tio-t ratefuily
aeniio!eti:i.g ;!i eo.nl wishes and partial
ity of my ni:.. li ion I.
Tt fill i V
u. i.a to look into n.y la.-t niniuad Kepoi t Kt
tat :in r pai tieulars.
('.ties win bo nt to all of the Kditor.
in the Mate ; an luthe-e, n d lubt, wi.l
eiie. rlii 'y a--i-t ?4 iiiiV' n ;ng tlie ::l c
u. nut by iept.1 iishmg sueb
pai ts as w ill iu-
tcie-t lbeir readers.
And as, iu the ili-ti '.' ution of such things,
many per-ons who would rend tl. cm witU
pri'ht tu thetitsc! e and oti.ers aro Leces
saiiiv over-Kokcd by being iiLkuowu te
u"- itr.t,cter, this oj p..rtui i'y
fcJ oi r''(l,,"';Il-r' t-e who wist, to see the
i i i.-i iucu j i ucpoi t o: i: o rcpe riLigmieut of
,1 loaiiioiiltiico.., to sen.! their na'ggcs and
address to bis Lxoeilet cy Gov. Bragg or to
my -; If.
J'he t ff.ee "1 ich I haic bid the honor to
fill is ci.e hc-et i v ii. any trials and ieuita-
ii ; a cuuiii i tious vuourlvrt can End
rvo.c u.r tic c.p'.oy-i.cLt of all fci ti'.no