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THOMAS J i HOLTOW,
EUITOU & l'UUJ'iUlTlitt.
Thi North-fa"0"" Wl" "ill be afliiftietl tniih.
crilM-V " TWO HOI.I-AKM in uuvmietl TU O
)Ol.Uli AND Vlt'TY CLVIS it' iiiymtiii lw
d, l ivl fur three men tin i mm 'Mil! MKlMiLLAKS
ul the mil ol the year. -o iiimt Mill uc uncoil,
tuiii' J until all arrearage f J-ii , except at the
ui Hie Kdii'ir.
i i t . i...i.u I. iitair f ii u 1 Of n I r ttf r an n en
(liilin. . r l..,tliiit. J lyp. ) t'.r firm ilir.
l anu 2J irnii. i"t uu'ii."""' .. i ...... u.
inuuiiri. C'uurt a.
irtipnn'iit aii'l Sl.erin ' S
...i.i. 1 . ... n
j, in i.io iroiii His n suliif ic, U,r uilnrli.. fii by
a. A Jvrr Iw wiit' )"'. r Ii J "
qi. ilcfly. t l per jiiii f..r i-tti-n time. IScuii
ni-inllilv T5 ccnU ier cuare for eaeii lime.
J 7"l'u.liii J'i r ire milium.:.! to act at t;t nt.
ar w. ratit irut,
J y and xttrovi turn! I y ra 6
W-1'1 llitf -rrvil tirwt t'mt wirprth
I..iy q t lit nrriiu ft ft alt fi,
Tnoutfltt m-'j tt Ih.t ik i rote,
Wumhic prs) ul tirft gon ly.
Vh ! art In o f i loud ilia vnt-h
'.Scitlt Ihtr ty f trjvh!y 'tt'M
I'iiiHi iuy b r in tfttiiti'th bntPH
Tiidulitt t ut brf ihe form ut mghi.
nt tuinm , e irt tmr nmatt.
'tuh ihy lifrt tiii drfc rrmort(
X-tF A tnjr F-If liifiUttili
1 ii the true ..ud vtity cotirtc.
A !i!f!e rlti hriUf li hie creud
n ti h tiumin iisrl tin ir lnr,
htiTfttti f.i iMtr J"V rtintrtl,
SfinI- ur t it frrl jivf .
Ktt p 4 i4Trd ilcc th t 1 1 vi Hi
In ti? hif( fr ntluf'if wvt
'Til f)rntf nf I'ite li'jtl f ( th
iJrsugt.ta, of Cvinfufl ti il flu.
'I Np huiiun ltf)rl in nilf-nrp niui.n,
V'jitplf riinpitif, whtlnt r-l'iiinf
Wf(fSf wilt tmiy b. mtt' lr-u!il,
I.-t u fj((nr, thr t-S'lltli
Sill i Willi II'tfH whtr tr ii'f -f Ittnf
tti. (h fVatuM itif (uJ uli hili.
, STitBV (jf TUt t HEM II BkM'LUTION.
Ju-l as the dy broke, Uetccqui anttrrcd
the care. He desired Lis gart.i j prepare
to follow him, as it was uo longer safe to re
m i in so near the castle, at the soldiers were
roaming about the neighborhood and mit'Lt
perchance coiu-i that way. The count took
him ou one niJe, ami askeJ after the fate of
the parrioti. IU-hecqui told biin that the
greater part had cite'ped, though sulue had
ten killed and many wounded; the dead
had bcn buried in the ruin, the injured
circd fur. The female aervanl had been
Cjiidiicted to Marseilles, where they had re-
lation. The father and Jau-l.ter begau
their j iuruey, ll. bec.j.ii leading the way
As they emerged from the caveru the sun
wat rising bri-htly in the cast.
No appearance of the deadly conflict
CJuid be ieen. All nature wa in repose ;
innumerable lords sprang from branch t o ;
The II a iu a n lira rl.
Lratieh of the tree that skirted the sides of . tM..,;u oui.Jed, a light was seen in almo-t i ami w as -eon in the embraces of his delimit
t.iD valley, warblitiii fcitli their melodious ' , ,., - ;,,,i,,.v .,i tl... ,.(' ,1, tr... i',,.n I ed tlauchter. All wa nieedilv iu readi-
liotes. Ihey wilked a.oii;; for sonic tim
Meal thi! j aud in silence. At last, lichee-1
pii begad the conversation, lj aayiug that ! tk v'ry top. The scene theie was most
it was advisable for Count H'Aubiny to striking. The whole of the slope was coy
h ave the neighborhood of Marseille for red with thousands of men, w ho seemed to
fine time, a there would no doubt be a i lave risen from the couth, and were formed
hot pursuit after him ; ' but,' added he, 4 my , into ranks to march and Mirround ihe town,
mother lives in a occluded retreat iu one of ! Uy a strong coincidence, a storm broke si
tha adjacent mountain-, and your daughter j multaneously over the place. A clo-e heal
will be a,i fo there a if uudcr your awn ;had made the air very unpleasant all day ;
roof.' the lightning flashed, the thunder Tolled,
Tho count pressed bis baud, saying s:i1' wa" amid thi w nr ot nature that t he
' I accept your offer; I will leave Clarisse j attack commenced. The wild s bouts of io
with your mother, quit the country, and re- , tory mingled with the shrieks of the inhab
turn a hen the disastrous troubles are over.' , itant who, roused from their beds, were
Uy this lime tho sun Lad risen high in the ; running in terror from their burning houses
heaven. No Hound wa heard but the dash- 'towards the shore, in the vain hope of being
i"g of the torrents as they fell from crag to 'able to escape to the ships in the harbor,
crag, and ihe tinkling of the small bells at- - A tremendous hurrah at this moment in-
a. h. d to Ihe sheep which clung to the de- formed every one that the gate had been
livity of the rock, or browsed on the oft burst opi u by the republican, who bad
and fragrant hcrba'o which erew under , rushed in and made themselves masters of
th, ir feet. The ;,!... f the almv were di.
eiMueu oy rooi. iireciiiirc, reii, rouiau-
tie grotto,,, and natural fountains aud cas-
eadc. .S.,mo p,rU Were like immense or-
ehards Cllcd with every kind of fruit. There
o coumlcM vines trained on poles, twin-
;.,,, , ., ,
,L"ir al'c ieo'hiU ro"ni1 SOI")
'.. At. abundance of wild straw-
v. i.;n...i i. 1
IXTtiiH rnmirUil uWK 1... 1,. . l 1.. fl.irtf '
...... . , nun kilV IV -' -
now wet with tho mornin dew, grew with-
lu reach of the hand, :
They had been walking for about an hour, ,
when thev f-tiinro.l i. n,l l.h.;. offunl,..!
refreshing shade after the burning l.eat:laH buU, U'is ur,J' lU fel1 'Vek of tho once beloved
uf th.i 'iu i i- ci i i
ot the Mm. Ihe barkiin' ot doj; n ninly
c r j
showed them that they vere approaching
Home human hahitntioii.
' 'l'l ltd h.nr llm watch. ih.;' (lark
ll.iy il.iep. iiMiinh M w.-leotiiD Ha winlraw iicHr hiinit..'
Having crossed tho wood, they came to a
atecp path, which apparently ltd to gome
dwelling, and soon a cottage, almost hidden
by the foliage of some munificent tree,, ,,p.
pcared. At their summons, a n.iddl-god
lad; opened the door. Her likencs to lie -
bcctlUI betrayed her relutiotisliin. She was
J Li mother, uud wulcomcd the traii"ors
..til. ........ l ...1.1 .i . . . i .
mm noiiuiu, uuu wim mat taci wwcu
tho sure accompaniment of irood brcedinr.
a.skcd no questions ' until she wag alone willi
j her sou. lie then told her Ihviratory, ami
i -,l.J I,it t,rnt.-.-i mn r..r i-n......
i,,.r iirnti i-lwin ..r llio ..n '
- j - j
i i t , , f ,, , , ...
: u lili-li trt frnlifir .mfiiii il... ......);......
I gctlteJ i0 ,ne.
Jli a tew Uays Count I) Aut-icny kit the
cottaite. Clarisse eiieved much, aa it was
tueir Drsf, separation ; but xhe was the more!
reconciled to the parting, ant-lie had already
begun to love her new friend, and l!cLce -
j quia mother, seeiug that her ton had more
llian common interest in tlu-ir vamnr iimi
i j ' - o t: 'i;
booq Ircatcl Lcr as if tlu Lad tutu Lcr
The chateau of Count D'AuLic-riy ws not
the only one destroyed by the republicans. ' be taken of tLoi., and Lie was last cblina
Nearly all the houses of the ari-tocracy in) from their wound 'J his sal siht pressed
the Uiijjhborhood of Marseilles, were ra.nd J so heavily oti Ut'Lecqui'a tin yd, that it e;ius-
to the ground, and bonfires made of the fur- j ed Lim to srroau aloud. .i thai iiioim nt a
! niture and picture they eotit allied, tiieir i fi-'ure wrapped iiiad n h cioafc wat j.lidin
' owner being obliged to fiy for their lives, j stealthily alon tie: w alls. It ,-t-pt, 01. h.:ar
, The tow n of Toului, alone h i.l he'.Ured t. n iug the found, and suid, in a loa' v uice
,lhoiiand royali-ls who had taken r.-fu-e j ' I, any Luiuau Lciu0' alive on thi.- bloody
there, trusting in the dcf. iicis ol" the place, ..pot!'
which as walled and had but two etc,j I live said Kebecijui, ' but .1111 woonded
besides, beiu; protected by the combined 'iu the let', and cannot iiu. Wiuevtr ou
. Setts whii.li guarded the haihor, Uut they 'nr.;, fur the love of tjJ a.--i.t me !o leave
were d-civel iii their tip,.. Uiions. .this dreadful phic.'
j Secret plots were formed by the r' publi- The stranger came nearer, s! v r ed d.jwn,
to aurprie the city. 'I hey had their and the rec -nition was mutual; and as
'tUiiM licit in the town, and the Llils behind (gratitude is of no pat I v, the count for it
were filled with armed men, some conceal- I
d themselves iu ihe cavern-, soti.e in the
pine wood.i. '1 In re reigned amon tin in :
! tins fileuee of iliath, lor they were waiting j
i eagerly for t Le final fiom within, which
! wis to announce to them that it was time to
bcjriu the iit;eli. A rocket was to be thiow n
' up frnrn iLe mnrket place at ten o'clock.
About a league from Toulon, ou the road
fiotu Marseilles, a Ludy of uieu were making j
their lit eiii ntly towards the city, 'i hey
- were much mora numerous (h.-n tuoso ou
the hill, but it Km evident, from ih.ir eo- j
tunic, that they belonged to the same party, j
,'fheir roal led thein over a path p.iVtdj
roughly by nature, partly between two rock-,
partly Lt I cell hi!i captr hedt.,, which
helped to Conceal them from si ht. llebic
ipji, who had by this lime ii-eii to the rank
of captaiu, c Jimuj.itled ihe Gist column. Ht
had a look of steru determination, mixed
with aofl melancholy on his countenance, lie
was no tlouht tiiinkltig of tne little cottage
on the mountain, and of the blood which he
knew must I e shed that i.i'.l- lie 1. d bis
lueu to the back of the city, wbcie in the
course ef a khort time, the two battaii' iis
1, and the commander -tucdiiy ma.i
r arran-eiiicDt.-.. 1 ait (I llieni orew ; '
near to tin
jiiles, tiut fir from
., r . r
the foot of;
the hill. Some climbed the bitty trees, in j
ortler to have the first sb-hl of the si-'ual.
'l',rf I10t lJn . t,( wait, for in a fe w ' eountry , where, at lei-uie, they luiLt re
, ,,,, rocket, flew, l,',.,i,i. . fleet on some plan for their future life,
; uf,wlrJs :,., ,,e da,k .tnio-phcrc. where I 'I he count agreed to -v t rythii.-, and got
jt Wai u,,ar!y d.t tj t;eWf Lut il so m caiin- a l.o..t rowe l to the vi!!jL. m the foot of
!dowa cxidodlie' ami ea.sliii' us shiner f'th- mountain, where stood the cottage of
j,.ht iu all diicctions. The battle com-j
di-ehar'es uf i.inie u
r 1 i
j. . . i .1-. '
the town. Flames i-
from some houses, illuminating the bills to '
the tdaeo. The slot in of nature was over,
llC ships el tne cOlnMlieU Hill-. Jlu:,c- i lie cjuuv men e.iiiiien me lain.
vm mat oi mau coiiiui.ie.i uu uiimmicu i i , , - , , -.
!, t. 1 1 r 1 . ,., p,.t,tl.. tti.,1 .itleeliuiiile and (heel fi'lv ' l"0,il " 1,h!l w0 shall now com nut our-
j fury. Some persons had died a tram oljwasg ,,e and afk tionat , am . Ini i f ...ly , w vh,d Uud in-
gunpowder, blew up the arsenals and shared the task with . lailame 1 ontatige of ( ou , .,; j,,.,. ,., ndiuet.ts now
! many other buildings, the tl nines of w hii h nursing llelecqui through a loin: il!ne.or 1,,-reafter to be jinqnos.-.l. and it becomes
I lit up the sea for many miles, llcbecpii I-ovc soon grew iu their heart-., w Lich, being ! an iinmen-e majority uf the free peop'e of
, i .. . , , , , ... ., t f.iundeil uu a kn.nvle.U'e of each other's no- i No"th t arolina to ei..pure sen.iitsly wbeth-
' lTffur":a l'r0,1'-'"'S 0f "hr ' bl "U,.T I V n, ' . V . I er they are no. taki,,, an extiinio,, of -.if-
; vicU-ry, he went from place lo place, it, or-i ble quidities, was miieh more likeiy lo las, . great abridgmn.t ami siu-ri-
1.... t!.,.i , .... ii,. ..,,.1 niil, iie.ul.iitu,
J' f t lfO W lit tllC SOlt t Li' S I lOlli U 01 Hi 111 tt TO
mi-chief thiin wa necessary, and it was
while engaged in some such act, of mercy
that ho was struck by a random shot, mid
it seemed probable thnt ho had fought his
oti a beiip of dead and dying. Ho
i" ' . . .
, i ... .i. . ,t ,.i.... r l.ij .
eo ii i.i
not move, but the thoughts of hit mother j
were uppermost in his mind. Tho lonely
widow how she would grieve for her only
child ; and Claiisse, would sho regret him!
Un was verv elad that his mother had a
companion to console her.
j Ai ll0 j tIiere , ,,u wrctcUod state, he
k,a1 tJ K.vi(,w ,fU 0W bilaaliol,t . , ,u ,
n.fMieu0t it ia u , tl)OU,,Ut bc, , but I
; - , utroctie I Lave wit -
. - i. r- i i . i- i
uessed thi.1 night.
Cruel ii ud selfish men
nr.. irrnsnlnr fit. tinui-r mi ni-ilcr In a
e o 1
ves, ami instead ot ain-Iioiatlii
H, f.,r,ti nf ... i...nr,l l, .v.. (1,.!,i.,,l
their btreet.s with blood.' Jle w.n to dis.
pu'ti'tl with the turn tiling had ta
U i- .. . . . , .
uiiii; v in i i ill ii iu u r ' ii ji l i n uuLiiiy-
mancc, be thought bh v.oukI, it it pleased
(o.l to srire fun. ritire into t.rivato J i f
i anJ Jiavtf uo 10ie to do with tmlitici. h'u
!... i.: . .. i i.:. . . : i . .r
fv-.i 11 1 j IVUII.I llllll, 11 WilS U MlilSLil-
lifient to appai the Mouto.-t heart. Un a,l
' ; JCJ jy H.ai
ans uf dead and diin-r. The
spot was near
, fkht had rape
ar one of the ate.., wbcie the
ed most fiercely. .Numbers of
i both roiaUsta and niiublicana lav theie.
fovtTcly wouutitd ; lut ii' thy Lul had a
Mtur. or a L-j other 'i liiiii'l lu a.-suu'v their
su,::"C, boi.ie at lc-jht, pcrhiij.-, lui-ht
have recovered ; but no notieo w.i-, or coald
was be tenderly raised the Wounded man,
desirtd him to k"i:i on i.i.i,, n,.; I . ur r.iih
cr curiied him oiit i le the j:ate, which hud
bceu obamloiit'd, and, under cover ot niht,
got down to the sea, and by ln.'.-in a i.oat
inaii, they contrived to leacii an I'.:ij;li-h
man-of-war, lu-in mare f.; t i..-te than m-i-
li V others, hundreds uf wh uu w. :e drowned
ill their MruSe to r.acb ll,.; .-hips. The
, , . , .
r-ni.t.ii n o: the ve-.-i i Inn I evei v dlt. litnni to
the wounded I., hi. A
. . .-
lie ha 1 a ;
ber more, be a- obi
illiUe dial. i, but at
ut cut to sea
t distance I he v
the fjel.t I
ho eri... cf'waifjre. In fart,
, , , ,, ,.
ted tl.rrc il'iv-; ll.n.v -hits
. , . ., , .
"'' ' 'un "P '" "", ,r " "' trcW'
anl others iltsai ieil. l. n K. t . co'ii was
a little ti Covered, lie exptv-sed to the count
lu-i iiitetituu of abaudoiiina ttie aar.jmnarv
contest then coin- on, but tin t, .ilthi-ii
, ,,, , , . . , ,
he fhould never chanje bis r. -.netp..-., he
would retire to tome distant pait of the
world, w lure be miht nevermore hear of
!tl... .!i.,si..r n...l f hi. .-tini.trv
in i-i 1 ie- oi in. eftiiii! rv.
atiir' foiiicthiu ; of the s.ut, he had
I vert everything they o-.-eid into
! and t i be ready at n moment's ti
'' ,!" .v
. . . : . is . t . ... ..i.i . v .. . .1 .
sliOilSU l'loCleJ at LU'l.t. all'i lirillj; .vi.i.lau.e
I ontane and t,iaisc t ) tne ship. I hey
could then take refuse iu tone foiii' ii
lichee. p.ii' mother. The failors letiiedto
a small creek, out of the sieht ef curious
. u'l . ...... . .1. .. i .1 .1 , .....l.
linessi men f. oi,i the villa-e were . mnlov ed
. ' r 1 -
to carrv the lujiirage to the boat, and t
little parly w as soon on board the ship. In
answer t i a .i iestijii if lU'bec.jui, astj bow
be had made his appearance so opp .rtiilidy
at Toulon, the count said that he had fought
as long as there was any hope, lut wheu
he saw bi party giving way, be determined
to save hiinu'lf for tlu sake of Cliul-se,
and was on his way lo find a ship, when
I, tin in; a prciau, Le c uild not pass a fel!o.v
creature without rendering liim a-si-t.mce.
Ho imiiic'li.itcly r. cogniied Kebicipii, and
was very thankful at being able lo rescue
who bad twice stool between him
Clarisse was grown up a very beautiful
woman. She wns but twenty-two years of
age, aud fully realised the promise -he had
given at fifteen. Her character, also, was
very much improved. Misfortune bii.lpu-i
rified her mind from that pride and selii-h-
uess of liiiiiincr which are tho sure aeeom -
nammeiit oi uninterruntui i.ro-iiei n v
llrtn tliat cpnemerai n.i-11, caiie.i passion -
ate adoration,' wbi-h will melt away under
tho first cloud of mi-loriuiie. or tarn lo m -
ditr..r..,e.. when time or the cares of mi.tu -
rity have cha-ed away the ro-es from ihe
i .s now incie was uu .jm s uu i-. iii.-.j-i.ti-
itv of rank, the consent of the count was
readily obtained, and they were to be mar
ried as soon as circumstance would admit,
and we will take leave of them for ut least
(UN-. LUUEU EXT WICK.
SPEC Jli OF
JOII.V. A. t- ! LSI J SJ,
tr oum' C"LM
i 1 vkkmj I T;t iknaik,
. On llie Mlk Drrmibrr, f 'i4. m l,r m;iiw of ,Vi
Ij'itilwm lo tliik out u i t. Mr. lnuiu'n IHit vki.
tii'unS fur yVre Vt-f ly I , liitur fhart. :
........ .;..... nn ii ,t
?Ir. Speaker : I an in fav r of tho
j leading provision ron!animi the bill in
troUueed by Mitt . ikIht " i-0d,)
.i .r ...... i i
me ci'( Union oi nut" ;u, . . t'uai ieo,
and anted iu a tn ;i !?
, tn.idniii. J.ci
j wh:'" til,..!!', UiVi aii j-J to vote
', for lneinl.ers of tl,
House of Commons,
Fh.inlil nUa it ullfiitfcd til vol
It nct.ords entirely witi. my f..elin"s to per
.' mil all, who vote at the one box, to vote
. al-j at the other. It nothing more than
'"e extcn-iou ol.-uflr.i-e .:'(. ),y
'he Liil, I would re tnu la.-t to raise my
oiru aiiiiint it. LiImmI itnti c ucutc-il ui
I havu lucii, it noni'I Le ooittrury to my
ii,c'ii.;iii"h .ii.tl ij.iUir.tl in.pu'L-( to cf'po?o
tiny iitfii-ure teriditc X) M-L-urut'j ny h;iiov-
ciiii -ns cou.il ri-lita anJ piii:
eoii-istciiuy w il l (lie ruit-s ot ..', and is,al ,10 Lo Millieiently iarrc to earrv the land the Milne protei t,r. n acainst an inn:- j v"''r,' "ir ' J'rojwn, i bat men,
freedom, tecuivly and satisfactorily regit- proposed nmeiulmii.t tl.iouh two stieees- quel taxation, that it jrivi n the slaves. Uut j soldiers, euld do but little without property
late.!. five Asseii.hlii hv the inajoritien pu-cri-, il .Vu have done 1 1. c "one without pio i.iinp , !l"d irr ncy. .'"t.. that means were of lit-
'l'his biil, I id mil, ha a i'!c, ami profes- ; i,td and jcquired ty the Constitution itself. ''"' 'he ether, which could be so easily done, tie a ail without men and in their c.-tima-s-e-
a ('"ivsf.most fifeiiiatii;' and imposinr-. jc &uls tu he iu dread of bavin.' the 1 we ore dis.-i.tiafied, and in the sehetion ot ; t'on the only bash, that ihey felt inclined
'1 o r. ! u.-e it lev support, I am aware, will ; p..pU;sr i,ifr,i and ,r-r.utnti'i a stated M. nators for the n. xt Assembly, we will try , to s u-t.-t would be one in whieb both tux-
cxjio-e me jml n:y lriemi.- lo the most I it- j a desire to cliati-e or niter ti'ir or- to select members, who have regard for ! 's and should be estimated and couu
t.. r enlK.i-iii, and the mo-t !i!.;ti-t and iilihe-!(!!, hnv. 1 he sincere T Vo his eouise justice. a well as equality, and w ho, w lieu 'ed. '1 be addrra also gave assurances
r.il misrepresentation as to our true do-: lt,j conduet accoid with bi own doctrines ! tiny give the latter, should secure the for-; that uj on this, as ell as all other subjects
f,;-n- and purposes. All thin I urn wiliiu j Have not the pic;!e of the State, through ' iiur. 1 eannct conceive Senators feriou i of eonstituwona: r-fi-rm, they were ready
ti.iiient'v to bear and endure. I have a ! ihi-ir uu inLcrs t,( ia..t M...-iuii of il. m..rl in exr-rctiiii' this biil. in it- i re.-ei t thane, and anxious to -o into Convention on the
duty to t.crt.ji in t.) int coii-litiients, and the
Mite, nt bir."'. 1 ii discliLir '0 of this dut ,
In discharge of this dutv,
I ile-ire to (Xpl iin, hi t rittjttliy 1 am op
p t-e 1 t-i tho bill, arid i:i favor of the
I iidinii. that to amend the Constitution
of the Stat-, in tin manner proposed by
the 1 ill. is clearly and cert-iinly within the
cxpf-fs provi-ioti- of the ('oti-iilulion. Uut
to mi mode we hv- not a- yet heen c jm-
, , i . i i i .
n.itteu t y any pn eem nt. I nope ui.u tru-t
we never fliail ne. I r..-eiuiits nave a
treat and powerful infi'n-iiee as well as bin-
d.n.' force and i fleet, f r t&oJ or for evil,
J lie tiilitiallii tltul III a
xhu of American
freedom is, " that nil political l ower is ves
t.-d in, and derm d from, the people only."
' fait of our Coustitntiou.-
liovv can this 1 e true, if tne people, us tlir
, . . ,i . ... . , .. .. .,
j".;'ir inr . I ' I. nut t .in i ti it lui I euiu i
ami control over th"ir fuii.i.iinental
t.jr con-t'tiition. :o their tienera
blv, their Governor? resttvii..' to ihem-
,'!l,'s ihe menial privilege of say inj that
I i.i ii u iii iiuxe, or Itieii will jl .i.c . this or
. . . . .
Hi t wi.li: u tnree-iiitiis oi iuu iii-n.wr
this Senate may in their wi.-ilom and eraei-
ous ctiiiescensir n sul U'tt for tin ir ui niov ul
or r. jeetion ! Would this be re- rv u, all
Lwer in in.ir owu nanus ; ni r int.-
rule, eould it any longer be tr..';. .-d-1 that
a I po itical power IS vested in It..: people .
T,u; s .l?e 0f a,,. Vitel ftate- has the
pw, r of pti in on the nominal ::r of the
l'le-idcM. Uut. by the exercise of this ap-
1 ro v I ii ' or rejec tin po we r , c a n t he Senate
cure what they w ant, tlu ir own choice .
Can th.y by 'h i ii i ci-e if all ii,. tr pow r
.ir own choice ?
secure the ::r r.t-!lLttnelit ol Ihe T
th.y dieuird bc-t q:l llifie.l (
th- duties of tho ofliie to be ti
it be tiiily si.id of the Senate. t!.: t all the
"ppit;t:!it;r' power IS ve-tetl in ;
ft 'on them only T Lt us once i
tetl I v precedent to the fcis'-tf.
iiiueiidiii our fundamental law.
ttition ol ihe sovereign p"op!
wcr.l fir it, it can no longer be-,
"that all political power i
aiii derived from tho people
the t-eple of Noitli Carolina
f mode of
. and my
id in truth,
e-t. d in
nave any amendment to, or alterations ot,
tin ir Constitution, exei j t such a- shall on a
final veto, mod the approbation of two -
t mi n.s ci tiiis, cenate, (."!' c.v u is,
they an-, I presume, less iree ami in tepen- 1 j lovi.ud and rcqiured all wh.vm tuey trust that ail wisdom a tut ii-rc-n-iit .iu not ne
.1. nt th.iu they have heretofore sui pofcd , uith n..er. I'r..m the lii-'hc.-t to the lo.ve.-t Ions to Li own party friends. He wi.l ac
they were and, whether they I e really so,
'-y - ...1....V ..? .uuuceuw ,... ic ..... .u.
Irt InV 1.. i.i.) t . muTiK'h.iii Ih-if s.-velit.-eii
. w . ' ........ . .. u ,. . ,-. vj w ...... .v ....... . .
SelllltOl s 111 this
ebamberrc. resetitiiis (as P
v.iil pie-eiitly show) only one hundred and their turn control, separate and distinct issiio i distinctly made, Fiee Suffrage by
nineteen thousand of the inhabitants of the from the ordinary leei-iatiou of the country, . legislative (uactment. or a tiee and utiie
State, should defeat the vote of thirty- ' legislator, their servants, aud themselves strictcd Convention called on the federal
thiee Senators representing the unanimous the sovereigns, we mav expect the Ceiisti- j ba-is. the I a-is ef the llou-e ot Commons ;
voire and i-h of t,mr huiidud and thirty- tnti.tn to answer the pui poses for which it ! and before he 7ets through befalls njon
tliiee thou-atlJ inhabitants, is mou-trous. w a, irained and adopted, e.iiniiiaudiii the . the W e-tei n Addvcss, I ciabois it, but ad
Cati any true republican rest ea-y under j veiieratiou it deserves. W hen it sha.l to , uiits that in it, four years a jo, this isU
nub doctrine ? Con Vi'il'0"'1' fteedom in-, into the bauds of parti-au legislators, it i was distinctly made, lie hold np thi ad
deed!! Away with sueii tiopu'i.ir sovereign-' relerm or antviidmcnt to le iiif'iueiiced - dress as coiitainiu.' s oiiu I Li i. g- dnii -r.u,
ty ! ! ! As iiiueli as 1 have cm r been, and
ever expect to be, opposed to making the
Coiisiilulioti of the Si. ite. the Palladium of
eur lilniii.s, d. pi-mi on the suddenly
ixpies-uil u iiuoii ot a lna
Voteis, 1 would prefer such
iidmisshm tliat a diminutive
J 'rity of t!
rule to the
mi hoi it v .of one hundred and nineteen thous
and inhabitants, liiiiieLty in their tone and
heal'lle;, viith th. ir seventeen Senator-,
should control and govern four hundred
and thirty five thousand inhabitants with
tiieir thirty three Senators. 'I bis may be
sai l to be out of place and have no ant Hea
loll lo a simple liioiio-ition to amend so n-
j to let all electors vole for Senators. Uut it
' i.i ..... . :.. .. i ... .1 .1. l ....
. uiu-l ueuoine 111 llilliu iitafc uie iiuiiiou ui
, .,,,1;.: ...i e ,,!,, , ;..i, ,,
p. dally when all thii can be more ca-ily
i finely, chciiply ami quickly none hy aiioj
. ' il""'ml 'rf
Are Seualois iucanie-t?
Po ihey real
eniitors .' I'o
ly wish to let all vote f.r
ihey w islt to have the privilege extended .' j S,UU h,. cauti tt in following the example call attention t ti e fact that iu tui tin t
If so. then why tint adopt tho amendment .' i ,,f eovemmcnt limited and circumscribed in-i were nor.-. but western gentlemen,
pt the iimcndi
Iet the people l e co.isuite.l, ami hi. I tin in
to call their convention, in ea-c they want
one. lie any oi.e doubt that the eoiiven-
tion would give this very Free Sufii age
propo-ed by the biil. and that, nt the very
next election tor un mbcrs of ll.e tleneral
AsHembly, all who vote for mnulus of
the House, would also vote for Senators 7 vision, of the Constitution il ... If, s. cured ; olutionnry, or dangerous ! Hid they inti
Wiiy not consult tho people tit once go agi.int unequal and excessive taxation mate or iusist on a change of the federal
into convention on the Felt ral basis,
the aiiiemhm nt proposes 1 Give free and
e-jual suflrn:e, fcupply, by exprc.-s cnu(ilu-
liona! provh-ion, a fair protection to land
anraiiiot uiiujual and tjtcrbituiit taxation,
I M-tl ! nil I ,tinit4 ti rm.kl it uli.M.
aineuduients and leforn.s in the course
J U IIICUU UK 1JL3 UtlU (ClOliliaiU IIIC i:JUIf
I llm unt n'nr mvc n ilium r.ni rn pi
: ,.J ict the t.,,ujar mii.d hecumc u-i:ii!
- : (.it.t aml suti-ti. 1 vith their o n ron
kiitution .till in their hand and iimi.r thili
J u:u i.r i xerci.-in' and jdving this ri.L'ht
t .f.i. Si'u;ifri to nuaiiiiiJ votes
I.jvv. JiV ail'jlnig to..- auicniui;ciit, an.J'M
people desire it, tiny wiil cuilaiiiiy get it
and in u tliuil lime. J hi n why
once, adoi t that course which is
and ci-ltnin 1 ne question ot l ite ?ut.,
frae. by Legislative enactment, Las once
had its constitutional t..ct and ti iai. 1 1 t. as
sed one i-.'.-sion ol the Asstiubly. At the
next, it tailed to ji.-t the rcipiisite inajnri-tie.-..
ihe etitii men Iroin 31artiu, (Mr.
lii??".) ill one si-iise, siems to he tcrri'dy
aiaiuied at the idea of the .deliberate and
.-(tiled will of u majority pievaiiin", how
ever L'rcat that nj: j -iritv may he, in,ri',ci! it
A,,cinbly. tlccideu a-ain.-t tins vfrv ie-
r,,i iu ' ilu w hat l round does the Senator
(U wLal (.round doe- the Senator
from Martin novv : u-ist that we shmil
tiihi bill and reject the amimlitteM
i not on the around that a maioritv ef the
p.. ople have indicated their anxiety, for it?
if a majority ia to prevail in feeiiiin, by
I, i.iatue ."nitctn.enl. whv should not the
ti. liberate, fcltied, ami well considered v iil
,-f a mah.ritv r revall in other tbiii-s'.
.-. - 1 . . -
f-uppn-e 1 ice ,-uli a -e, iu-te:.d of uci
ti uteU on the hnal v'-jte at the la-t -c.-.-ion
ha 1 na-sed. the honorable Senator, I t-re-
fume would now ptonoui
a i. reposition
lo r,pt;,l what the people had constitution
ally sanctioned ii.iitviii.li, a let Die ini.i'i'
theieof a itihuctiws iii.it:tui He certaiii-
I v ma
s a difference iu this ivspe. t lor He-
on con-titutional .in. .-tions. if a
is made, as he individually desires,
then it is a dett riuinatiou that he wiii res-
peet if asaiti-i l.itu, it u entitled to i.o
Mr. Speaker, is 1'rce SutTra-e the only
iiiie-lioii of con-titutional i.lunn thatiui-
tat.s or is iuliv to a.itate the lenul.'.r
lu, AVill the anxiety of a multitude in
ti,,. State to elect their Ju.itices of the'
l'...,,.e their Jui' ' s Conn troter 'J'leusiirer
Secretary of Stale, and a Lieutenant Gov- , "ve mood ot amemiinj tne t onstifjtion,
eriier, be qui, te.l bv the pas-a-je of this ""d by peace-meai to K ep the country a-i-l-'ree
Suffrage IJill ? 1 le ( M r. Uii;!:-. in-ists t ited for years to come, leading eil' with
and areiies, that by le-h-lative Vnaetmeut, b'ee SutfrLge, why not permit the biil to i e
the A-.-ttiibiy can sutnut but one specihe ameriUcM ami put in Hint shape :n it wi.iie
i atnendiiient at one time. Grant this to be , aeci p'ahle to the freeholders ? 'i he Sen
correct, and look fairly and honestly at akr from Mai tin has iu his .-pe. eh failed to
: things as they are. and 1 would ask w hen
i ate we iot"rid of constitutional questions ?
.' thin -s as thev are. and I would ask when
ns mat . How lon' will the sy.-teia of law-making 'he inn-Hoe 01 ttie biil. lie has not at-i-chari;e
. and Constitution amendlui: continue? Shall tt mpted to answer this. He do,-- n.-t even do-
, anv man liviier see the end of it ? Vhut
; respect wiii the
Lave lor their Con-
! . tin. ii. in ul,.,. it h.i!t l i'eein.t iiiiieil anJ
1 commit) Jed wiih the ordirarv J.-'islatiou
i of the country '.' If the system shall oi ce
. fairly obtain, I would inquire how lone
' will continue, before tonio Governor will
1 ..uhiiiit lo the A-semb'ty the pro; ricty of
' ti j k,iiitiii' ( uunis-ioners to r. vi-e," not
; only the " Statute.-, but the Constitution it-
' s, t
; We have ever considered the I onslitu
tieii the safe-jruard of the people
; .,i,ty 3-aiu.-t the ahu-e of jiower
K: mity w ii li t his notiem, tne t
j. :t v e
' ofliivr, civ ii or military, to take a solemn
oain w uppori u. -v long a- me p
... ,r u th
- 1 1 a 1 1 nil I. . il i. i i - e us, . t . i. ii , i m. i vi .-
.1...I1 I.-.,, .)... 1 ,-... i i,,,., .1... ..rl
their own. in their w- hand.-, and under
,v ..thcr qa.-tion of legislation, become
the loot baii of partv, paitv at pcai and
r-nn rallies n..i,ie tm- an,! a 'aii.st. and t!
success or defeat 'f thi or that reform in
the orgtiuio law made to dep. nd en paitv
triumphs ol party di feats, 1 autieipi.te u
v cry iiillViiiit .-late oi things. Intact, Mr.
Sneaker, when 1 take the o .t'.i !' S. tutor,
v j,t.a of eoinmctiein
fel t h w il h to tmki r
with and amend the
vv Lich 1 1
i:iv.i .unril sil.i IlilllV to SHi'l" i I. IS
ail the i leas I have ev el en-
constitutional Iteeiioui and
li'-'i-iative rcsp .u-i'i-i.it '. The
Con-tiiuiion, made to di line powers
I ted by sov
rcicu States to a limited ovein-
euie the w.iiare oi all, mav
1,1 . , , , , .,
, JVe sale I v be ait en d or a meii.le ,1 by the
action of lo,n,s and the ratification ef
,lC ;.,t,., as Mates. The idea of a m-jori
!tv cf the pciq le of (he wL-ic Cnion iilie'ring
; 0'r :, ndin-; the Federal Constitution, is at
war with the very nature and character . t
., eoven.uicnt acting f -r State,, i,t ail
! .i,; sov.-rei,,. except so f.r a-. - for the
; unlit, to
coiniiion uo.mI.'i they hav e y ii .iie.l power to
a novel i.iiii t:t common to ail. .Noitli t'aro -
lin i N a c.'ii-.di.i ated uovernmeut, its I.e
i-lature hav iiir I'o'.ver to make, alter, iliiiit,
extend and rep; al her countie:
amenoinz or aiieinig
..I, -ii ..(.. i- m'tiii,. tor .si :,te : ni-.l not lor
j ,no p. ,ip'c of the whole linion, en
) i,llU our own State g iverei'meut ae
tl,,. peei ij of Noiili Caiolin.i
j t au muiiiiv.
i ( r. Speaker, as tb Constitution now
.to.inN, r!- e pi.--perty is, by au f xprs pro-
as So is land hv the i.rovi.-ioii that landholders
idol e elect ihe members of this Senate.
Uy the hill offered ly thp .Vfiiator ftoln
' liockiiij.'huui, proidi!i .,tnt that all
w hu ote for mi ml i rs of the llom-e, .-hull
;. 1 :i)o Vulc In!' li:lllihrl'n ot the Sl'li.'lti
of landholder los.'s hi.- nioteelion i aiaiust
I'l IllllUllUim I IV n IH. j'n'innvii ...i.i..v in.:
nl lulu! l.t-ili.' ttl.l-niiailv cml l'.cr.siv( 1 V tax-
ed. 'J heiotediou' to tUe rroini'tv r
- 'maiti. 'I he protection to land is ieii.oed.
- ! It it is deemed niet.-fcarv and tsrot.fr
I pio et t the slaves is it not . yumy
j ami pi o .1 to proti it in like n
1 limus ; lv ";. .,'... ... '
;t i. ii
i i .
-. I I .; -.i ; ' . !" . "' .
4' who eldlcd us and on whom
till i Itllll'i'll
we are i'i ui peno i r our le-t'ieciiou, anu
thev uiider.-t.ind that we Lave s(t on l'..ot a
- liiii ot '-Jirie, ly wlncli w
ail restriction on ti:e ..wi r ol tl
A SSI in-
- 1 My to tax their iiinus
now at a tune w In i.
the tHu ol the State are to le pieatiy in-eiea-ei!.)
wl.i'st the .-lavelnddcr rttiiins hi
tiiotettioii, that thi-y will le sati lieil ? I
l it', ct to Jiear I he ireeli.i.oers ot nil parties
v ho sei t lee here .-ay, that they have nu
ol jecti'jti to nil v. tir- tor Senators, piovi-
tied vou, in uiakiliL 'he elianse, j;ive tin
tu be sanctioned by the next Senate, to be
elected by tne lamihoideis, iioru w l,,,se
elected by the lamihoideis, iioru whose;
Inini-. all protection m levynqr taxes is re -
moved. However anxious and willin-r the
freeholders, who own land and no slaves,
or land and a few slaves, may he to a'.biw
ail their iieiehbors to aid them iu the s. h c-
tion oi Senators, I conceive 0 clutiii.'e, that
even party ties cannot j reveiit, w
.)Vi r tin m in rtlatiou to tins sulject. ami
iue iiie tin m to dcinaiid that v hen th.-y
yield to this just extension of suffrage, that
tieir lands shall be placed o:i mi equal
twotin? with poll and the lar-e fkve own -
(is. Iu ail sincerity, I tubmit to the eon -
side-ration of Senators, and nil whole. I an
it.ti rest in slave pre pertv, and its peaceful
aua pre per enjoy meiit, ns it is my interest
and sincere desire they ever shouUI, w heth -
cr this biil, in its present shpc, is not eul-
. culatec to ex cue tee.lii;s, jealou-ies aut
ui-.-.--ion n.ueh more to le crcaJe-l, than .
i "'0 t'"ilt euu'.d ever ro out of the amend-
. nu-nf offered by the Senator from Oianee,
( Mr. t.raham, i aud by which the Senator
Ir .u.irtiti .lr. bi-j r-, ; .-iciin ij oe onv-
en into such horrors.
If it is t.'io honest, smeere orsit-n
Senators to emmit. the Sute to the leila-
answer that ; art ot tne arunit ui ot uie
Seuator ft em ric-, point'in. out to him
nu-wer that. ; art ot
nv this .niu.-tice. instea.i ot t his he r u.-. i
the war cry of party. He reads
nie.a2e.. ami l-oailcal resolution ou ct;i--r
. -nHjects. He levels his artillery at the
' hifc' party, seetiiinely under ti:e ui j ti
that if he destroyed ti'i't p.nt!
would be a proed substitute for an an.-w.-r
that he oUiiLt to make, hut could net. lie
is evidently unwilling that bis pi-t pr-.b ct
' should l e amended cr iu any way mc-diticd
ev. n lor tho hitter, no is c: r-cu to
- bill us.-uuiiii-i a shape that wo.iid he more
neerptable to the laud owner? and certain
ly do no hurt lo its leadinj feature, le-t it
mi.'l.t an;. ear to the (Veen. en of the State,
cept I'D am i roni tfjis -me. no Siems lie-
ti rnnuod o rule or ruin.
; Senator from Martin argues at lentth
to show that, now, tor the hr-t time, the
; and yet ready as
books and pap-rs. In
he is nt rea.hiiu' li'oni
be reads leous of tlii ad
cut no part thereof, that
Ire-s. and points
he de. in- i.h. etoii,il.ie or ceiisunitue.
I 1 fitn triad, Mr. Speaker, that the S. nator,
in this di hate, has caiied iiltcnlien to this
1 ii.!iires, heretofore so much r.ii.-rcpre-i r.t
jed, perverted and abu d. I am stiii the
more era'itied that at't.T giving this pap-r
his int. nlion rnd rcviivv he cunnot find any
, eoi i I'.'ll Ol II . ). e il lie is i-i . en . w v v...-
deii'ii i.iy did h
not do tl.i- . lli
! .huibtli ouam.oiMci.rer.il xani:n::tion,
found a dilL'rcnt locnnii nt lioui what he
w i ii -...'... i l : ...I. ; ...
' tlM.l SUtpOsl'll, Iiavilljr Iv-iiu-mi Ills I'J'IUI 'il l'i
it from the fal-e, illiberal and
cisti.s of his own party pu-sc-
, 1, ;. .. ,1,,,, t ,.,P
Jt is tine, tli.it to.tr v.. II
meml ers in tie other md of
; emir; from the nmci cn n
in which n Mic the S t -n r
ana win re Lis opim-ons m.li-.
van. Ha-l att.-n-ptcit t- ieo.ul
lv t.t destroy the pr --,..- .
. Car.,:i,.a Uailr.,,.!. and t, r
It is true, that t.'.ir Ve-.irs n;-o, ntter
tin Hit els in tie oilier i ml ol no- apiioi,
lnip; from the sniiic sn-th t) ot the Stati
': oil) M ' rli'i,
! .ft U'lllTS t
... . .. ,
ioiif iio.ii 1 1
.f the N'.i
r. t .! .it.' ti, e
i the let
s unsci i ti.-n to 1 1 is ,n k. ami a: i. i
in:s nil i vievv- .ii' estern men 1 id
t.ecu outr i:i
i-cd iitid misrepresent''.!. Wes
tern mrnit'ers, under the excitement of ihe
oeeaioii, ai.t L'.'t together, agree en, an.)
.:ibli-'h that address. And here 1 would
t l-ic npil some
Vi'Lics ami some IVmoerats. I heir tl. HU r -
i ntion were thi ir own exelu-ively western.
ing foriTL-'v were not checkered, influenced.
aoue'niod'ified by conference and intei cour
ritb the eastern men. views and iiifliience
nd nfti-r all this, oi l they ajree and in
sist upon any thing that was radii--,!, rev-
' nusis 'lie House ot Lcmmoiis . .o,.-ir;
nuthiii'j of that kind.
Lhu they in." i.-t oa
the w hue basis in the Venule . "So; they
iu-i.-l.-d oa no -ucli lliili;r. 1 h y ttated, in
,a fair. op. n nnu mai ly way, the advaata-
tlie U'-' i.'Cli luey cji.cciveu me ea.-i nau over
tlii 'sf. ncr-di fliiic lo the nrp;.tiit hn.-i.H n
i - -
iillft-l 1 "tl V CXeeulcd B lid Carried out
- '1 In y -bowed that not ithf tandin.- ihe fale
"I'd iiiil eral il!u-iuiia lo the contrary, there
to , ere more Have owners in I bo west than
were in ti.e last, and that the protection to
the institution of slaveiy, niainly to be re-
'le I cu. inn t l o ioiind 'ii ti e we.-.l; a fec
iijti nev. r ii.ivinu' had any rtat favor in
tne ev.-s o L.1 .. i.ttor froiu ilartin In
no p.-.rt afthe auiircsf is there an argument
tciiuiii; lu establish the while basis in eith
er ll.nisc, or tny basis that would not be
more favorable to our ca.-.tcrn friends than
the l-a-is e-ta! dished in any of the outhcru
slavel.r.Kiine; States, far more favorable
than the ba-is coiiiai ned in the constitu
tions of Alabama, Mif-i-sippi, Loui-inna,
nw, . rn a n-s, ..i is.-oui i, neniurhy, j ots-
i ne--M c, Soul h Carolina, ( leoria or Floi id a.
I ' he a'i.liess, in ..uoslanee, insisted that tha
l-'treutb nf a estate waa made up of two
; federal lush w ith their eastern brethem,
entel taii.iie; tne eonlHlelit I eliet tliat tti.-re-
: 'J 'l-e.-e question wouiu be settlci at
,' "''fe. in a manner much more satisfactory
to ail sieiion,- of the State than they had
e ver nei n Iteiore, all sectional strile ami
jealousies, (i.tii.-ly done away with and ao-
' l-lhilateil becau.-c a tukeli and pledge of
eonliili l ie wunu lieviiven anu interchanged,
pi".ue.i. n.e ii.o-i naj ,'v coii.-eiueucc
' cll'.-rls on the future welfare and pro,
' l'""' of the State.
i The Senator from Martin aisaiU Govern
; or M:n!y for the expressiou of his respect
, and regard for the popular will, fairly ami
deliberately expressed, cc-ehiiiily tcouts
the idea of " the moral effect '" of buch cx-
pres-iou and exclaims msst stHrliinrly.
, Ali ti,'..; ".ay do for the time and tho oe-
ca,j, whuhcr he will always feel at
Lhertv to deal out such atraibs. time alone
I e;r;int, Mr. Speaker, that it would bo
uusale and unwise to alter or change the
Conslitiitioti of the State, nt every move,
met.t of the popular maioritie?. 1 am a
. disciple of uo such school. Uut I do be-
here, in a government use ours, (bat where
after mature reflection and deliberate ex-
rcs-'ioii, the will of the majority is a-c.'r-t..ined,
it ouht- not only lo be re.-pected,
but proper aid give-u to cany it into effect,
and that it will, in the end, lequire more
than the cry of revolution to defeat the
settled vvi-hes of a large majority of the
free white citizens of North Ci'ro!ina. It
may le attempted tor a sea-on with success,
but fur how Ions, tiie fr e republican,
spirit ef the people must determine.
In my opinion, all legi-Iation is w hoie
sonie wiuii propel ly directed to advance
the pjblie good, the public ipiiet, to sup
press and si v, it approNching evil. Time
is (ianj. r in withstanding the reasonable
arid just demands of majorities ; for when
goaded to madness by delay, con-eiou cf
their numbers, they may be driven ta ex
Suppose it had been declared in the Con
s'i'.utiou of ol'terirarits ratified by
the people, that no Conveiiiiou shouid ever
be caiied ly ti.e General Assembly; would
that jon have precluded the free people
of North Carolina themselves from calling a
Convention to amend or modify tiieir or
ganic law, however ehauged their con
dition aud circumstances might become,
and reiire-eiit itives forever, aud under all
circumstances, forbid to give the peopi- aid
lucal.in.' a Convention ? Such an idea is
abhorrent t ;,iy- feeling. Ii the people of
North Carolina can never have a Conven
tion, cxtept twi thirds of the members of
the Senate shall first graciously give their
cons. nt, let us, for a moment, empiire
wluther, from the very organization of this
body, th. y have net substantially debarred
th. in -i lv es i 1 f tlii I ight, iu all time t come,
however piv-sj g Mll,y t(,a necessity.
T ike the ioilo.vnij; eounlie-: Hertie, Beau
fort, r.iniien, ISruuswick Camden, Carteret,
Ca.-w.-li. Cluwan, t'oiuiuiius, Currituck,
Uu; '.in, KdjiOciiiib, Franklin, i.lates, lireeu,
Halifax, Hertford. Hyde, John-ton, Joues,
Lenoir, Martin, Mecklenburg, .Na.-'u, North
ampton. Ibi-low, l'.i-.juotank, I'eiipiiuiins,
l'i rson, 1'itt, lioekingnani, Saii.psoii, T'vr
nil, Wui rip, Washington and ayue, thirty-fix
counties, having, according to th
ecn-us of I roil, a white population of tU'',
1 11 only ; federal population H'J ;,.S only ;
I veti rs only ; paid State tax'sin i.
"1, 67T,Tti7 only. And yet, according to
tiie ratio of taxes adopte i at li-.-t Septein
b. r, th-'y are entitled to ','T Senators. Take
the counties of Alamance, Alexander,
An-on. Ashe, Ituncioiiibc, Hurke , Cabarrus,
t'ai.iwill, Ciitaw 1 j, Chalbain. Cherokee,
Ci -a , cli.nd, t 'raven (.'uinhct iand, P.ivid-on,
lavh, Forsythe, Ca.-ton, Cr.inviile, Cuii-f.'i-.l.
Haywood, lleiidcr-oii, Iredell, Jack
- ". M.'Powe'.l, M il-oil, Madison, Montgi-iu-ei
v, Moore, New llan..etr, Lincoln, f'rai-ge,
Kaii.1 .li h, Stanly, Stoke-. Suny, I nion,
V. ake, Watauga, Wilkes, Vadkiu and Van
cy, tot ty -six couutie-, with awhile po; ula
uon f :..Vi, V17 ; federal population 1')-'.-l-'-t
; enters oil, V 17 ; tax. s p.ii i in 1-51,
S7'.i,li."l, .d these lli counties are entitled
to V.':t Senator only. S here the e ar
forty six counties Wi.ieh have only '.'it Senator-
out of on, although th.-y centaiu a
1 '""J-" ",v huietre.i ami sixiy-sevco
1 tu 'a-a'ol i t tne wmte popu.att on, one liun-
orla'cJai1'' lorty-lour thou-aod majoiity of
- e ' bHei ul populaii-ti. more thau uimt-eii
i tl'lH"""1 ,1,:'J ."'".v 01 tuevotei. au-l py
ne're t:.:.:i I. a. I f liii-, w liii-t. o'1 e e .r.'ep
, beiui iu uuLwrity a tovottrs, t. x -, an