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aw ummurumam i ! i aaywii m u --..wja. jlu i jtiii Ji.xitaMMii. i in, iiMuaiini wwjmmwi iil hwtom iiMinm mm n ji i uxjiliiulhi ! in n
C3E3:3FtIaOaIB,X,3EE, INT. C, -xXTTlLjrsr 22, 1836
THOMAS J. HOLTON,
Editoii & l'ttoi-uitTcm..
r. e Sutlli.l'nrflniii W hip will b afforded tnaub.
I.'. .1 TWO iMll.i.AltS in advance; TWO
nor I.ARS AND FIFTY KNTS if payment bo
i'.Ve,l fur three month. ; and TH K F.K IM U.A liS
. ,n.l iil" the teat. No paper will be Bunion
l.iiutd until all arrearages are "aid, except at the
'ti..n i'l tli '-J'1"'-tattalisenu
ni iiiK-rtrd Ml Our Dollar per tfjUiirt
ib inn iii I'-- ",' '' yv) ,hc '""'r-
turn ini Si trnln for each continuance, t ourt ud.
,truwnwiit uil Hln-n'' Hairs charped 3.1 per
cent- lui'"-' ! '" induction of J3J prr cent, w ill
b, iiiiiuTlruMi llic ivxular jinci a, lor sdtrrliarra by
,; e rrsr. Advurtiai iiiinU insert, il monthly ir
,'airWl. ' r"r 'l"r '"" '"'I' ""'
wonti.: T." null per iiarii rrcrli tun.
f ',.l,n.t ' aulhoiifil U art ss o friil..
Finn. fA lluttimoit Amrnrun.
Vlit Are Uo hoi hi to tote For!
v i m. arrrr.
Am I it U ( miaigt.
.rr oa fning Ut ..li.- Tur, Nt.rtli
Tin g-'it-lf tu tut fur r'tlliMiirr,
Kir tttiit )tjri I linte kiuiwii hi. wortli,
Auo ISh aiiij tu tiitc fur hillinorr.
f.r KiiliMrc tlir only man
ttt .11 tt.v Cition iiww tliil c.n
Tin N.irtli .nd Suutli unit .g.iin.
Anil nt I'll ut li-r Fillmurr.
,Mt bnvr.t Irficni. rrylu rs
E' iii tii ft . j tf KiliiiM.rr,
Auu clK'ir il li-'U that r. (id the air
Y .r lrn.lni and lor Killlli'.rr.
f hiiltuure ta tic itnljr inn,c.
Wl it .rp ynu mn; ti ol. for, Soittli T
I'm f.n li ,t,. f.ir Killnxirr,
t'-jt JuUer, Mercy. and Truth,
Are coBharllor. nt Kil inmri.
rur r iltuH.ro la the only man. oVr..
71 K''r IrniliU willi 'rd aid .liuld
Are chargiiig now lor Killnii-ri-,
Titra.tora mej; will iirrrr ynlil.
.Vjf yield an inch w,il t iiimort.
.r rJlni.trc i i!ir ii. y inari, .
Huj afr y.u fauna; t.i folr fi.r, Hiat ?
I K uitt lu tola for Kilirtiurp.
Mr true and Cumnirrto will Ik lucreaacd
Ht turf aft o KtUiiiorr.
For F.il norc ta tlc only man, JL e.
Mr trla and rtin will I km a,
.N m life raCetvv; Iroitl Kiliinol. ,
k 'i- t ry am nee br i li I rp jjr.. a
lit n t i (lir han.l nl tiliiiiori-.
l-.ir Fiflni'ire la ltr only man, Ac.
U .arv you gmn'r lit votr for, Wral '
I h gainf In tui lor r ilfin.iri.
Ml '.:. ir UllC.a r.ap Culilt'-a'il
T.ie.r gtiMtiojr atar ra f it'ni'iri.
fyf i Mini'ire la tlic only mat:, aVc.
T ari1lh f ail tny waaii jf liriiia
Will doubled be by Y ll llu.'Cf,
A!il !?. rt pnc Ihiit urv.r y ii lua
1U. asct. r made by r lliutirr.
Fur Fiilmoti. ta ihr only man, Ai.
Ti.f N'oriii and Snuib. and F.at and l
Ik (run to .Mm aan Fn I Moa r.,
Ar.. .-.it afi.niitaa'f banrbly crrat
tii bmiiblt d be by FilliiH-rf.
lor Fiiline' ta lllr nnly Itian
In alt Ihf Ftiinn not tl.al r-ll
Trie Norih end S.inib umtt- again,
And an ail vote fur illn.orff.
lull, mar. , 4lh July, lejC.
5i SI u H I
in the year , there lived iu Paris a
Witnsnef fashion call 1 Lady MjZiI. Hit
ii'iu w:i large, and four stories 1st ig la ; on
ii. ,1 0 a , . 1 1,
' . -Ut,J 2 ur was a large servants hatl,
in litch wai a grand staircase, and a cup-1
rA where the plate w as looked up, of
iiK'l, , of the ehamlermaiiU kept the
" Hi" third
story were two chambers, :
'lined two chambermaid and two'
I 'M h
JS. I In! fourth stnrv ooiisisteil nf
and granaries, whose door were (a 1 -:
9)i open. The cook nlept below, in a ,
'"'o the wood was kept 1 an old wo
the kitchen ;
I...... . .
and the coachman ib
1 j I
1 "'n -'tli of November, belli!? . Sunday.
daughter of Le Itrun, the talet, who
ri.tiuciit milliners, wailed ou the lady,
""1 ere kindly received j but aa she was
church to afumoou fcrvkc, the
. o ,
iiuouni, aiiuui an uour, aim "iiijj 10 i'n
In small riom partitioned off from the t,e fiTrei door, be found il open ; that he
ail. slept the i-nrf.,e ri ;r, whose name' j0,.j ,.J t) aml took the key with him to his
" I Lrun ; the ret of this floor eonsis-' chamber."
'"t of apartment in which the lady saw! On scanning him, they found in bis pock
cotnpany, whi-h was very fre.i'ieut and nu- tt , ky, the wards of which were new l-led
""runs. , ,1IC .Ppt public iiights for play. ,) in,,e remarkably large, and on trial
"a the floor up one pair of stairs was the ' found 0 Ppfn the street door, the ante
'v,jsnwn chamber, which was iu the front chamber, and both tho doors iu Lady Ma-
the Louse, awl was tho innermost of throe n-'t chamber. (n trying the bloody night
rr'inni from (lle j r n n I staircase. The key cap on Le Urun's head, it was found to fit
r-f thiss eliainbrr was usually taken out of him exactly, whereupon he was committed
'"' nr,r ""d laid cn a chair by the servant to prison.
" "a, U,t with the lady, and who, pull-j lit, his trial it appeared as if the lady
'" ,'001' fter her, it shnt with a springs w, murdered by some person who bad fled,
'hat it could not be opened from without, " ati l who was let iu by Lo Itrun for that
In this chamber, also, were two dour ; purpose. It could not be doito by himself,
C0l'""nicsted with a baik staircase, hceausc no blood Was upon Lis rlothes, nor
"j' l''"thor with a wardrobe, which open-j any scratch 011 his body, whieh must have
' the back utairs also. i ,e,-n ou the murderer from the lady's strug-
(Jn the second floor slept the Abbe P011-' glig. Put that it was Lc P.rutl who let him
in the only room which was furnished in, seemed very clear, none of the locks
tat floor. I were forced, and his own story of finding
prewtd tlcm to come again, when she could
have more ol their company,
Lcllrun attended li lad, to eburch, ond
then went to another himself. after uhieli
he went to play at lowlo. an wm customarr
!. ;.,.,. V.... I i:. i
" wm.g greeo ue,.ro .:.,,.,. i.. ,,i.;fn,. ftft.l
...!. .1 I r. ' ,
went to aereral place, and, after rp'g; character, which ke had maintained du-
w.tb fr.end, he r.turued home acemingly j f. twcn,7.D1De yeaTI u L,d Beryc(1 ,if)
Cheerful and iwj, Le had been allthe!,a(, anj Ut ,JC WM p,licrfll,y cf,ccmcd :
afternoon. , , , , , , , , ,
I,adv M.I arne,l .1,., A 1.1.x V,,,.! d hU;b,,", V8'""1. fu,U'r- .""J. " d
ard, aa unual, and about eleven o'clock went
to her chamber, where rhe was attended by
Ler tnaiiU. li. fore they left her, Le I. run
cauie to the door to fituire Lis order for
the next day, after which one of the maids
left the key of the chamber door on the
chair next it. They then went out, atiJ Le
Hruo following them, abut the door after
hi in, and talked with the maids a few mia
ute about hia daughters, and then parted,
he aeeining "t ill very cheerful.
In the niorniiij; he went to market, and
wa jocular and pleasant with everybody he
n i t, n was Lis U'ual manner. lie then re
turned 1 -iik-, aud tranaeted his cuatomnry
buninem. At eiyh? o'clock be er pressed his
urprii-e bis lady did not get up, as she uc-
juaily rose at seven. lie went to Lis wife's
lodj.-iiio, which was in the nei-rhboriiood,
Jand told aer be was tmray his lady's lidl
I bad not rung, ami gave b.-r n ven louis dors,
and some crowns in l'jI 1. which he dtireil !
! Ler to lock up, and then wunt home again,
and found the servants in great eonstert.a
! tion at hearing nothing of their lady.
One observing that be feared she bad j
j i . , , ,. I
liri-!i n-..d with an acopiexv, or a bice'liii''
at the iu"-, to whieh she wai subj.-ct. Le
I " it mu-t t.e aunietiiing worse ; oiy m:nil j
1 .... . i .. . .1
tnisgive me, for I found the Mrecl door op
en la-t night after all the family were in
bed but Uiysclf."
j They then sent fir the lsdy's son, M. de
i Havoiiiere, who hililiu" to Le Iii u it his fear
' of an apoplexy
i " It i, certainly," (aid be, " something
worse ; my mind has been uneasy ever since ;
i 1 louuil lite street iloir open Usl m-'lit at- i
I t. i .i . .1 i ... ..: .t a
' tcr the family were iu bed."
A smith being now brou-rht, the door was 1
v.., I i T . l? .. . . c .
Lliuiteu 1'UIU, Sll-a av auuu cuaCltllir ur-l.
i i i '
, ran iv ni'j ocu, worn, caning ii'vitji llllies
be ilrew back (he urtai". and exclaimed I
! " tb, mv lad t is murdered !" I
J lie then ran into the wardrobe, and tack
, up the strong Lvx, which, btiiicr. heavy, be
! " f-he b.vs not been r ;l beil ; how is this "
A snraon then examined the body, w bielj
, v(s nvi-r'."l with no less than fifty wounds ; i
They fnund in the bed, wbirh was full of1
blood, a scrap of a cravat of coarse lace,
' and a napkin made into a iiiu'lit cap, which
was bloody, and bad the family mark ou it ;
' and from the wounds in liic lady's hands, ,
lit appeared she hid struled Laro with'
the murderer, which, obliged him tocJt the
, . , , iii- i
iijuactca nciorc lie couni uisr-na'-i; u in-"!!.
. .1' .
I In tip I ctnnrr wi-ro tarntpii rr..ni ti. s
rs - - ... -
, , , 1.1 . r
frame of the tester, so that they were out of
rcaeli and e iuid ii"t ring i a eia-p knife was
found in the .she-, almost c-umed by the .'''"'S in M sll0"t " E"t
I Pre. which hvl burned off all the marks of
; blood ; the key .f the chamber was gone
'from the fc.it by the door; but no marks
of violence appeared ou anv of the doors,
' nor were there any signs of a robbery, as a
J , .
I large sum of money, and all the lady s jew. ,
' els, were found in the strong box and other ;
I Le lirun being fxamiued, suid '
1 .1 . '
, " After h lift the mauls nt the itatrs.
lic ,,., l!owI1 it0 tlC Vit,,rn ; Le laid his ,
,iat Bn(j ,,1C j... rf ,hc ,ln.Fl ,)oor 0I) ,)jC
, , 1 :.,;,, j0..,. i,T .1.- ,0 war, i
lilllM.5f he fell asleep ; that l.c slept, as he '
.1 1 . .V .... .. 1 I '.. . 1 ...1,
the street door open, the circumstances of
tie ,ey SIld the ni-lit-cap, also of a ladder
.1 , f.tnn.t In ll, l,,t is., ul.i.'li
might bo supposed to belaid there by Le
Hnm, to take off the attention afrom himself
were nil interpreted as strong proofs of lis
guilt; and that ho bad an accomplice was
..r.. ...... 1 I......II..II nuri nf the nr.avnt foililil
illli:i 1 to, .'i.i.w' 1 " -
;.. it, K...1 was discovered not to be like
his; but the maids deposed they had wash
cd such a cravat for one Perry, who had
been a footman to the. lady, and was turned
away about four uioutha before for robbing
ilier. There was also found iii tho loft at
j top of uudcr ,ome fc(raWi ,
hil.t T,,rv Uoo.ly, but which wa. not like
., .. . ......
mo iineu oi Jjo uruti, nor would it nt mm.
I.. . . . . .1
.e J.run bad iioUim? to oppose to these.
aervuiit. it was tliercloro resolved to put
him to the torture, iu order to discover his
accomplice. This was done with aueb
verity that be died the week after of the:
hurts he received, declaiing his Idnoeence
villi bis dying breath
About a ninnth after, notice was sent from
the Provost of Sen?, that a dealer in horses
had lately set up there by the name of John
(iarlet, but bis true name was found to be
Ilcrry and that he had been a tootiuan in
Paris. In coiierjiienre of thij he was tak
en up, and the suspicion of bis puilt was in
creased by bis attempting to bribe the otB
rerj. On searching him, a gold watch was
found which proted to be lady Mazcl's.
lit ing Lrou-'ht to Pari, a n rsnn swore to
ferine him go out of Lady Male Pa the nij-Lt i
she was killed ; and a barber swore to slrav-
j' - 'g morning, ho observing his
! verJ ""'ch scratched, licrry said he
bad been kiUitij; a cat.
On these circumstances, he was condemn-
ed to the torture, and afterwards to be bro-;f,f
ken alive ou the wheel. Un being tortured,
be confessed that by the direction and or-,
, , , ... . ., , ,.
dcr of .I mljine uc Savoinere, ( l.an v M arel a
daughter,) he aud Le Iiruu had undertaken
jlo rob and murder Lady Mazcl whilst be
. . .
stood at the tloor to prevent a surprise.
Io the truth of this declaration he persis.
ted till he was brought to the place of exe-
cution, wheu be-'j-in!? to speak with one of
the j-idjres, he recanted what he had said
ag.inst Madame de Savonicre and Lc Brun,
and confessed aa follows :
"That be had come to Palis on the Wed-
, . , . , . ,
J - "
. , , .
V'n I ml a v evcinnj he went into the bou-c.
land, unperceivtd, gut into one of Lie tofts,
Iti-re he lay till Sunday morning, 8-ibsist-
, , , 1 I.' I 1 , 1
in'." on apples and bread, wh"h he LaJ n
:n-i I..JI fcci.i , iii.il. auuui ci;iiii u iiyti uu
. i . ,i . i i - l .i.
Sunday morning, whin he knew the lady
had gouo to mass, he stole down to her
chamber, and the door beinj open, he tried
to get under her bed ; but it bein2 too low,
, , , , , ,, , .
he returned to the .oft, pulKd off his coat
and waistcoat, and returned Lo the ijiamber
a second lime, iu his sh!:t. He then pot
m.dcr the bed, where be continued till ti.o
. , , , , , ,
afltrnoo.i, when lm. v Mazcl went to cnurcii ;
thatinowitig she would not come back soon,
be out from under the bed, and being in,
cnnmioded with his bat, l.c threw it under
, , , , , ,. ,. ,
the bed. and made a cap ot a napKin wh.ch
lay iu a chair, secured the bell urmps, and
then sat down bv ftic fire, where be rontiti-
:Rd till le liear.1 her coach drive inte- the
court yard, whin he ncain got under the
J ' e e
bid, and rcni-iined th-re ; that Lidy Mai d
""Jtr ,hc -" U,"J '''"""i''d l-r mo,. -
i began to cry out, and attempted to
ring, upon which he stabbed her; and she
resisting w ith all her strength, he repeated
the stabs till she wa, dead ; that be then
, , , . , . , , ...
took the w,y ol the wardrobe cupboard from
the bed'8-hcad,oteiicd the cupboard, found
the key of the etiong box, opened it, and
took out all the gold be could find, to the
. r 1 . - 1 1 1 1- .1 .
ninouiit of about six hundred livres; that
be then looked tho cupboard aud replaced
,,y nt the bed's head ; threw knife
,1., f.r,. . lpolj 1.:. l,at froll, UI11ler the
Ud. left the napkin in it; took the kev of
(he chamber out of the chair, and let him -
self out -. went to the loft, where he pulled
off bis shirt and cravat; and leaving them
there, rut on Lis coat aud waistcoat, and
slob- softly dow n stairs ; and finding the
street door only on tho single lock, be op- ,. ,ad aHy ,crn &rrlll frje,l 0f such I
cued it, went out, and left it open ; that be schemes. How was it with tlov. Hragg ! j
bad brought the rope ladder to let himself i He had always been opposed t them un-1
, t -l ... 1 1 1 r . 1 .1 i til they became popular, and now he was a,
down from a window, it he hail found the!. ,. ' 1 . ', lr. , ,
. I hall-w ay supporter. In ti e W est, where lite
street door double locked ; but finding it j ,i0t.tI ill0 n.JS ppulari (.;,-.. ,rC!: had read
otherwise, be left his rope ladder at the hot- ; to the people his message, iu which were a !
torn of the stairs, where it was found." j few words of encouragement. Put, in oth-1
, ., ., , , .i-i ii cr sections, where public sentiment was a-1
Thus was the veil removed from this Uced : . , . ., . ' . . , , , . ,
I gainst works ot this character, lie nan sanl :
of darkness, and all the circumstances ( I10l Me had waited for the tide to rit-!
which coiideuincd Le llruu were ac omited and had drifted off again. He bad not the'
for consistently wilh bis innocence. From
the whole story, the reader will perceive
how fallible human reason is wheu applied
to circumstances; and the humane will a
jjree, that in such cases even improbabilities
ought to be admitted, rather than that a
man should be condemned who may possi
bly be innocent.
lln.11,11.. .1 11 111 lc 1 id tiiiitinvT . l it1
...... r..o t- , -
AvKllH A ! The following graphio noti.t ' j
was posted on tho court house door of a i
nciL'hboring county, a few days since, by
an old line constable, and n friend w ho pre
served a copy, thinks it too good to bo lo.-t :
Atif im ('leini ) '.
" NoTtsi Vill be sold next Motttey vss a
veok, von shpoon, von butter pnsin.von mu
sical insieal, and von sow mit piga by me.
tSuoM SurtivE, Covustftblcr.
l'mm the lltruhl lit It instout. I
TIIK DISCUSSION AT WILMINGTON.'
Yesterday, pursuant to appointment, the
American and anii-vmencau candidate lor i
. I! ..JJ... A it.. t .1 .: . .-
iluvcTllor iu .itrnsc 111c i'duiiic vi tula luwu
u. .- . i v..: i -r.i j
on the State and National topici of the day.
.,. ..: t m .,-1
1 " uii-cuhmkiu hhb vuniiueiiucu uy :-ir. uu-
mtrat little after 10 o'clock, and closed
by Mr. Uragg at nearly three. A very large
concourse waa aSSemllcd,a.,d the ran.lid-tea
were ltcned to with respectful attention
ibroupho.-l. . We .oppo .that Locofoco,
were uleaned with the effort ot their chain.
J'a they would pretend delight- whether
ae-;l.l,e i'Pr'toce;l it or t,o. 'Jo ay that the
! A ,j:.,1.. .j i
i i . . n
candor and bonestv worir tv.1 1 coiunn n-
dution,' is merely to eipress the opinion
doubtless of all who heard him. We had !
expected a ptron'. plain, atraight-forward j
sptrech, but he added such an intimate
knowledge of the subjects be discussed and '
illustrated them so forcibly, yet to clearly,'
with ho ninth terseness, ease aud humor, I
ibat we felt that the Ann rican piirty had 1
in hiio an able, a very able defender. We,
reckon that the ami-Americans fume to the '
In opening, Mr. Gilmer alluded to the I
kindness and courtesy which had been eve-1
ry ht;re extended to htm since t tic com
mencement of the canvass Hi! had been
chosen the standard. bearer of the Anieri-
ra" party, aud it was his mU-ntiou to txe- j
.j , .... ,, ,,,, L.,;i;..A ;
note the appearance of thrift and prosperi-!
ty throughout the Ka.-teru counties, and es-:
pecialiy here in Wilmington, the place which, i
above all others, had given an impetus to
internal improvements and the develonment
till the industrial resources of the folate. ;
! Her progress was onward. It had been his
l""-'"'e "'"'- ' ''lUer:-l A-.i-etnt.ly to
1 render aid t) this city bv cncourajiing and
1 f it i
voting for every measure asaed by her peo-,
,;e. A warm friend to her rail road enter-1
prises, and her bank eeLemes,' aud every
I.IU..1...J..1...1 ..... II a. I.... 1.1.
j ".-. i" " wrun
or mlvnliee Ler ilitereiits. i la urinkp nf lln'
improvement of our harbor, and the ncces- i
sity of an additional appropriation to so
deepen the chanuel as to ailow the passage!
in and out of vessels of the largest size, and
nltnili-il to ltif reeel.t iiclion nf f-nii-r4 in
,,a,hil)g certuiu bills of a i-imil.r character
; even over the veto of the President. There
h'Jl fr,r -19 iu ih"-
II0 wt, t00k to Pree Sulrase. He had
, ainar urtu lit i.tt"l -it It, 1UI Ilu Ulil'usutl
.i i . . .i t r . ' .
. ..l i :.. ,.r i... i..i i
iu'j ptan oy wnicu me laocoioco party aougni
,0 jve jt 0 ,il0 pe0,,,. j;( pc-frea tiie
uiivcutional mode to the Legislative cuact-
tolt f ino.I.s
nu i,i mo-ie
lt ws more xpeilitious, Lo
i'uuiii:iiii niui -.-.-'iiiuiiiicu. . i ne 11 esi uc-
. ..l.r l 'ci , i' .... .1 -
-. , ,, , , , . , ,,. .
Mirt.d a I .stivntifimi lut lll-eii in flirt a. I '
00!y carricd out the fill of his consti-
tui-nts. lint, the people liftJ n it yet gaiued
this boon of Free Suffrage, aithoui'li it had
";v" ?itated and piomi-e then, for years.
How was tins: dor. hrang s partv trieniU .
k u , (. d jt in ,,1C U,,.hnrP. ' Weldo,,!
K, ward a had cast the deeidin? vote a-:
painsf. it, aud be was a bjiriin I'emocrat. j
A"1 ", il voM he 10 tbcernl of the ch.-.p-
ter. 1 !ue who favored tie "mrmlment by ,
. , . . . ,, . , . I
j f lie Legislature woulil coniinue to keep it
np as a political bobby, aud so hedge it a- i
round with obstacles of one sort ."-r another
a 10 Mave off an indefnit.- time the
rrit i!i ges asked at their hanJi that of all-1
. . ... Conjmin,- bn ,he !
ri -ht aNo to vote at the Senate
box. lie I
foresaw this difficulty I0112 1
.1 . .1 r i- tr
hofo " J-'-"' '-a.irc a
... i..vti... 1 1.:
11 it'iiiut. mill aLsninr- iu eui un ruu tvi 111c ,
: . . . . , ; V- , ' . , . . 1
a?iation on this siil.jeet he lad trici to a-'
Ul,.,l i;ltf hill sw that he coud vote for it,
. "d at the same time please constituents.
il Im n tii oliil mil n tor no in H. .a-f t hit f lm I O fl .
, . .,..;., ".i".' ...
: , . Un(U proportioililllj. ,f.,cr ,,a the!
1 taxable Lite and black polls, this securing
i-ipiality of tsxstion ; but it wis voted down.
'' ''' amendment prevaied. Pne
frace would have been a pariot tl.e ( onsti-,
tl(,jo( e ud 0'pOHM, t1)e princi. i
p,, 0f l'reP Suffrajc, but on!,- the mode by j
which the IVmccratic party auiteht to give ,
j il Fple- !
' How was it with tiov. Prarr on tli-s suh.
. .. . ...... . , -
jeci : 111 1 tie nait i pioscii 11, lor 11
was a peculiarity of the tiorernor that be
' would watt until the crowd grew large in!
' vor nf a project, and then he would join
U; in "'" cirrent in favor
nt ihu ntnni.iira htnl nrAirn ar.iii.f Iia IiOL' l
, ,jkc g ,)ri(u.d ,ff glided'
'. nemlv ilown tk vtr.i., !
I Mr. Oil.ner next took up the subject of
e j -
,mi'rna improvements, n was unm-cessa-
ry to allude to his course on this question.
I he reconls of the l.ei-is!rtf nre riroveil that
nerve to stand up for the doctrine of inter-!
mil improvements until it had been stamped j
with the seal of popular approval, aud then ,
he camo out in a half-way support. Like
the man who let lis wife and the bear tight
it out until tho bitter was killed, and then
patting the old woman on the shoulder suid
" I s.ay, old woman, aiut ft brave!'' '
Mr. (iilmer then turned his attention to
National nrl iirs. How- was it in I s.lo
The country was agitated from one end to
mi; uun-1 rii iiiiii.ii in-i.'iH I'liiii,,. it, .io
. . 4. .1
it... -.1..,-:... 1 ,i;..,.i ;i.,.i ti...
fnnious Nashville Convention bad met ami:
hint passed a resolution deelarine the ex-
tension of the Missouri Compromise line to
tho Pacific, as the ultimatum of the South
that if this was not done the I'nion mi'.'l.t
be dissolved. This was the very position
now assumed by the Plack llepublicans.
They insint this line, recently abrogated,'
should bo restored, or, failing 111 this, "the
I'nion miL-lit slide." Andrew Jackson Pon
ebon. Chief Justine Sharkey, of Misis!ppi.
and others, had repudiated the action of
the Nashville Convention and left it They
would not sanction the doctrine of accession.
In the meantime the cleii.euts of discord
were at work. The Union tottered to its
base. Fillmore and the other noble spirits!
co-operating vwlu him, ami led on by the
venerable Clav, set to work to still the
storm ; and in a short time the tempest was
lulled, agitation ceased, the Compromise j
measures being iu their very nature and !
in the language of Mr. Fillmore, a final and :
complete settlement of the dangerous ques-
tions they embraced were passed, and qui
et rested upon the land. The course of Mr.'
Fillmore had been approved by both the '
political parties they had felt it necessary
in their respective platforms, to carry out'
the idea suggested by him, to enforce the,
'principle adopted by him, of declaring -the i
Compromise measures a finality, designed 1
to check sectional agitation. Vet, the re-1
pose of the country was broken suddenl- J
and decisively, and it was done by the Oo
vernor'a political friends. President Pierce
and heuator Po'iglas had done it. 1 he Kansas-Nebraska
bill opened afresh all the slui
ces of agitation, and now we behold an a
larming state of excitement dangerous to
the perpetuity of the L'niou. While Mr. Fill
more bad abstained from appointing free
soilers to office, Mr. Pierce had pursued the
opposite policy, lie had turned out Hron
sou & Co. for refusing to appoint them. Not
only this, but he had reversed the idea of I
appointing any Union men to office, and i
had chosen seces-ioiiists. He Lad selected !
Mr. Dobbin (for whom he, Mr. ti., had aj
high personal regard.) and Jefferson Pavis,
the leader of the ultra Southern sentiment
in Mississippi. In our Legislature, Mr. Pob-!
bin had introduced a secession resolution,!
but the independent Democrats had united
with the Whis and had killed it. And
now, turning to l.ov. Uragg Mr. Gilmer ask-1
ed Litis bis views on the doctrine of seees-
sion, whether be would introduce secession :
into North Carolina, whether he justified
Mr Dobbin, &e., &c.T As showing the ten-'
dcucy of Mr. Pierce's appointments to assist
freeseilism, Mr. G. alluded among others to
that of Hrown of Indiana, who in return for
votes for Speaker of the House of Kepresen- ,
tatives, pledged the auoli'ionists a fair show-:
ing in the appointment of the committees ;
yet this man who left Congress disgraced
had been appointed by the President to an
important aud lucrative office. So that the
whole action of the President and of the
Democratic, party Lad been to uusettle all
that Mr. Fillmore had accomplished, and to
re-open that sectional agitation whieh be
had so successfully quieted. As for himself,
had Le, Mr. G , been in Congress, be should
have voted against the Kansas-Nebraska
bill, one of the chief causes of the excite
ment, because the Clavton amendment had
been stricken out; yet, when in return for
this candor he rtshs hi" ivmooratio ouoipi..
ilor how he would have voted, Gov. Uragg
gives him no reply, but quotes from Senator
Padger and others on the subject. Mr. (iil
mer read an eloquent tribute from Gen. Cas
to .Millard Fillmore, aud also the patriotic'
speech of the latter recently delivered nt
The dangers resulting from excessive em
igration and the influx of foreign paupers
and criminals to our shores were vividly
portrayed by Mr. Gilmer. The Democrat
ic party bad been foremost iu offering ex
traordinary inducements to aliens to emi
grate to our shores. During the last five
years over two millions of foreigners had
come to this country ; and at this rate, if
the country was to be made the receptacle
of the outpourings ot the crime ard pauper-1
ism of the world, what would become of
it? He produced a number nf statistics on
this In ad. There was dancer especially to
the South in all this for the great bulk of
thi class of population were opposed to our
institutions were abolitionists at heart.
The American party would remedy this e
vil. It held that citizenship should uot be '
made too cheap. It sought to throw grea
ter safeguards around it, aud to extend the
time of probatiou before foreigners could
take upon themselves the title of "Ameri
The extravagr.nee of the Administration
wis next dwelt upon. Former Administra
tions had been burled from power on the
charge of extravagance, when their expen
ses had not reached one-fourth of that now
in power. In a time of peace the cost of
administering the government was seventy
millions of dollars, from which deduct the
payment on account of the public debt, and
the sum of sixtv millions was left. The ne
cessity for economy in this matter was man
ifest." So, too, with the Tariff. Our Dem
ocratic fiiends werp loudly opposed to a
Tariff, yet they bad pot reduced the one
now in operation which raises over twenty
millions extra every year. The portion of
the tax paid by North Carolina wa, in
round numbers, about two million. Could
this annual tax be saved to. her in less than
thirtv vear' she would be the proudest statu
iu the Union. '
Mr. Gilmer next turned hi nt'ention to
the platform of the Loeokvo party, and dis.
cussed some of it principal features, lie
alluded to the little branch road from the
Atlantic to the Pacific, to cot about ?:loO,. :
lliin.iiOO, and had endeavored, be said, to
obtain from Gov, Hragg bis ideas on the
project, but his answers were by no means
satisfactory. In connection with the plat-,
foiui. ho alluded to Mr. Huchanan. and ex
amined a little into the by genes of that gen
tleman, lie read an extract from one of
his letters highly complimentary to Mr. Fill-'
mote, and dwelt with much power upon the;
letter to Mr. Sandford, written by Mr. Pu- '
rhansn so late as 1-s H, and which advocates j
a principle more dangerous than squatter ;
sovcrcL-nty, viz: that Congress possesses,
the power (sovereign and exclusive) to le. !
gislate upon the subject of slavery in the
Tins is the doctrine urged by Mr. 7m-li- j
anan in his S.nidford letter, and this is tho
doctrine of the -ittra-ablitionists such as!
Seward, Sumfr, Hale, Giddtngs Co.
Mr. Gilmer dwelt upon this with crushing
force, and portrayed the position of Mr.
Piiehanan with mo-t telling effect.
There were numberless other topics dis.
cussed. Mr. Gilmer closed, after speaking
two hours, during which he Lad been loud
ly applauded, and gave raj t Gov. Bragg,
who fommeueed to- speak in an eeited
In opening he returned thanks for the
courtesy he had every w hem received dur
ing the canvass. This was expecud. As
the Kxecutive of the Stale it was due him.
II also felt an interest in Wilmington, (ra
ther a late interest,) and had signed a me
morial in favor of the improvement of our
bar. He denied the assertion of Mr. t iil
mer that he opposed Flee .Sulli'.ige iu 1 t,
and demanded the authority for the charge.
Not one man could be produced to substan
tiate it, he said. Mr. (iilmer ro-se and said
that lm, Gov. lb a'L', bad voted in 1 " for
th..- Democratic candidate fr the Legi-l i
lure iu Northampton county, and they had
opposed Free Suffrage the inference wai
plain, that he had opposed it likewise . Gov.
1. said that he had told one of the candi
dates on bis return from the Legislature,
that he had cast a wrong vote. He, Gov. H ,
was in favor of Free Suffrage, bad recom
mended it would recommend it again.
On the subject of Internal Improvements,
he had but precious little to say. It was
amusing to see how glibly and expeditious
ly be glided away ft.oiti this, to him, annoy
ing subject. It wa strange, indeed, to see
him, an old, hide-hound opponent of the doc
trine, standing up before the people who
l id first given direction to the popular move
ment on this subject, and uttering a few faint
words of cheer, lie evidently felt his anom
alous position. Gov. Ji. suid that he had
been misrepresented on this subject. Since
his election as Governor he had n commen
ded liberal aid to railro.nl enterprises, and
he had recommended the extension of the
North Carolina road cast and west. This
was about all he .-aid ou Iuternal Improve
ments. He said that the expenses of the Govern
ment were not seventy millions as had been
stated by Mr. (iilmer it was sixty-six mil
lions from which deduct payment 011 ac
count of the public debt, and it left but fifty-six
millions. This was caused bv the ex
tent of our possessions Indian ars Pub
lic Buildings, iV.c, c.
Mr. Gilmer had spokcu of economy and
of Fillmore's model administration ; but
there had been uo Galphiuisiiig or Gardtter
isiug during Mr. Pierce's term of service.
Gov. Drags; spoke at some length concern
ing these transactions and was exceedingly
disingenuous and di inagogical. He cat
the blame of these transactions on Fillmore's
administration, wheu the f ict is theGulpbin
claim was passed by a Drmitcnit'c Congress,
approved by a Jhiiiixruir President, Mr.
Poik, and the principal of the claim was
paid by a l)t nmci ulic Secretary of the
Treasury, Mr. 1!. J. Walker. .Mr. Meredith,
lien. Taylor's Secretary of ttt" Treasury,
paid I lie iiitrrcst on the claim, fir-t tuning
tl.o piio. of .1.. -.lr.iy' Ciui.ornl tin.!
Mr. W alker his predecessor said that he
would have done the same thing. The
whole Galphin concern was fixed during the
adininisttatioiis of Polk and Taylor. Fill
more had nothing to do with it. As regards
Coruin's connection w ith the Gardiner claim,
Gov. PragL' forgot to state that an iuvesti
gatimi Congressional Committee, compose,,
of two Democrat and "me Whig, had repor
ted, exonerating l.itn from all blame, lie
forgot, also, to allude t7 the tremendous de
falcations during VarJ Huron's administra
tion, amounting in tl.e agL-reate to millions
of dollars stolen from the public treasury,
and also to say that this same Martin Van
liurcn, the head of the frecsoilers, is now
working for hi friend Puchanaii.
Mr. Uragg alluded to the question of Mr.
Gilmer, whether he approved tho course of
Mr. Dobbin iu the Legislature of this Stale
in advocating the secession resolutions, nf
ter both parties had agreed that the Com
promise measures should be considered tt fi
nal settlement of the slavery question ! lle
said that under Certain circumstance he
w iu favor of the principles avowed in
those resolutions. Put in vain did Mr. Gil
lite r insist on a direct answer to hi ipi-stioii
the Governor could not be induced to re
spond, but said he did not recollect under
what circumstances those resolutions were
Mr. Gi'.mer, iu his rejoinder, charged Mr.
Prago, that he refused, while a member of
the Legislature, to vote for a bill to relit vc
th.' Weldon ami lolei-h railroad, tln-y not
being able to meet a bound of f.Ml.dtul en
dorsed by the State, unless it w -s iu-ertod
in the preamble of the bill that ihe Mate
was under jimttst ; thereby dishonoring old
North Carolina before the world. The Gov
ernor did not deny this charge, but said hi
object was only to gain votes for the bill.
K.-tthcr a lame rea-on we thought, and so
did the crowd, judging from the way in
which it was said and received.
It wa also charged on Mr. Prajg that he
rcpoitod and voted ugaint a bill allowing
mechanics a lien on buildings erected by
thini on lands of persons who fail be lore
the completion of the work. To this he said
he was chairman of the Judiciary Commit
tee, and was so instructed to report, but did
not deny to the people that In- was opp.ised
to the bill. Aud a to his voting agnin-t
the bill allow iti2 old gentlemen over sixty
years of a;e t.v be excu-ed from sorting on
juries, hi 1 aid not a word.
Gov. Prai; spoke at great length mi Na
tional po'itie. clearly showing that he had
been an attentive reader of Cliuguiati' let
ters, the Standard, and other L.-eofoeo pi
pers ; but the ..'round he occupied w as so ex
tensive and has been o thoroughly travelled
over before as ti justify omi-ion here, lie
said, however, that Fillmore was pppo-ed to
the Fugitive Slave Law, which romsirkahic
assertion sounded tran;ely enough alter lo
approval of the measure and his earnest el
foi ts to execute it.
On the whole wo were disappointed in
Governor Hragg. lle lo-t his temper sev
eral times, was abruvt and rude. II ; seem
ed to like the expression " in tl.e name of
Gol," for be used it frequently, lie is a
fluent speaker, but there is an air of insin
cerity about hint which cause you to ilis.
trust h'.ui. Ho acts like a lawyer who Las
a certain speech to make, and be goes about
it takiug advantage of all the short cuts.
lion. A. II. II. Stuart, of Virginia has u
ken tho stump for Mr. Filiiuore.
I lom th Wilmington IluuLl.
i The Senate was engaged the whole of
.Thursday up to b o'clock oa Friday niorB
iiii, discus-ing the bill lo authorize the peo
ple of the territory of Kansas to form a
Constitution p-:d State government prepara
tory to their auinisioii i:-" the Union on an
equal footing with the original States. Such
a lengthened sittiti', of course, gave ample
opportunities for di-cussion, and we observe
that among others Senator Heid of our State
participated. He replied to that part of
Mr. Seward's rt-marka in opposition to sla
: very, saying that whenever the Northern
States became prepared to endorse such sen
timents the Union ranti'.t last an hoar lon
ger. If they dc-ire lo preserve the Un
ion, they mu-t meet the question in the spi
rit of our revolutionary fathers. He asked
Mr. WiUoii whether he would, under any
cit cuitistatices, vote for the admission of a
State the ('"ttstitutiou of which might tole
rate slavery 1
1 Mr. Wilson replied that be never would.
j Mr. Pieid said that the senator would vi
olate every prini-'ple of the Constitution of
the Unite.) Stales and free government, and
would ak the South fo bu bound by the con
stitution, when be repudiates and spurns it.
Mr. Wilson, in the course of his reply,
said he deprecated nil this talk about the
di.s-G'utioii of the Union. The slave power
bad governed it tor more thau half a ccu
tury, and might gove.ru it for a century to
cuiie. Put he intended to reutaiu iu the
Union as long as he lived.
I Several aim-lid nielits comparatively unim
portant were adopted and others rejected.
The bill was then passed as amended yea
.'( 1, nays 1 2
1 The following is the snlotancc of the till.
It provides for the appointment of five com
missioners, to be .-elected from different sec
tions of the Union, t J represent fairly all
political panics. They shall take a census)
of r-.H the U gut voles i:i the territory, and
make a fair a; portioiiiiiei.t of delegates to
be I'leoted in each county to assemble and
make a constitution and State government.
When the apportionment shall have been
thus made, the commissioners are to remain
in session every day, exccplinu Sunday, at
places most convenient to the inhabitants of
the Territory, to hear all complaint, exam
ine witnesses, a ud correct all errors in the said
li-t of voters, which shall be previously prin
ted and circulated thro' the Territory, and
posted in at b ast three of the most public
places in each voting precinct iu each county.
; So soon as nil errors shall have thus been
corrected in said lists, the commissioners!
are required to cause li-t of the legal vo
ter to be printed, and copies furnished to
each judge of election, to be put up at the
places of votinir, and circulated throughout
O v . 1 t.'..U.j'. lllCllIlt"'. I.lf-... id. J.J
of election. No person shall be allowed to
vote whose name does not appear as a legal
yoter. The election fir delegates to take
lace on the day of the Presidential elec
tion, and the cottveti'.'toii to a-setnble on the
fir-t Mot, lay in December, to decide, first .
whether it he t xpedii nt for Kansas t0 come
into the Union ut that tiuie, and. if so de
cided, proceed to form a constitution and
State eoecriruei t, whieh shall be republi
can in torn., and admitted on an equal foot
ing with the original States.
The bill provides that no 1 tw shall be of
force or enforced in the Territory, infring
ing the liberty of speech, or the liberty of
tho press, or the riglitof the people to bear
arms, Alo. fir puni-hing illegal vot
ing, or fraud, or violence at the election, and
to use the military force for that purpose.
The main point is, "the present inhabitants
sin!! decide a'l points in di-putein Kansas,
at a fair election, without fraud or violence,
or any other improper influence." All male
w bite inhabitants over the age of twenty-one
years to be allowed to vote, if residing in
the county and Territory three months prc-
! vious to the day of election, and no other
test is to be required ; no oath to support
the fugitive slave law or any other law, uor
any other condition whatsoever.
I The Hou-e passed a Kansa bill with the
IToptko constitution, and when taken up in
the Senate-, it was amended by substituting
the S-Miate fir the House bill.
j CO Keep it before tin- people, that Gov.
; I'.ragj; is, playing the demagogue worse and
.'worse everyday. Since Mr. Gilmer and
him have gone east, not one word or sylla
ble ha- Urii'.'c titteri'!, cr can be made to
utter, in favor of Internal Improvement
his po-itioti there, as it always has been, is
ho-ttle toil, and especially to the west.
lle is endeavoring, might aud main, to ar
ray the ea-t SL'.aiti-l the west, and to injure
Mr. (iilmer. becau-e be is a western man.
People of the west, rtiiieinber this'. Ihat
, Thouia-. Praji in-tead of being the Gover
nor of tiie State, is the sectional Governor,
and is exhibiting his hollow hesrt jd hypoc
ricv and detn.oo'iiei-in. now that he had
It ti the west, iu indirectly denouncing this
p i-tion of the State, anil in arrainging Mr.
lii'inier for sijTiing the " Western address.'
While in We.-tei n Carolina the Governor's
speech wa- liltie ele than a re-hash of Tom
Clinninan's. circular letter to bis euu-l ituents.
and in hypocritical compliments to the Wes
tern section of the State. Now the dema
joue, having b-ft the West, has deserted
her interests, and i- insulting her high-minded
ami chivalrous people, llow unlike
John A. tiiltner is this J aiius-f.iced Gover
nor 1 Mr (ii'incr has always shown him
self a statesman has always been liberal
to the Fast, while he ha at the same time
done more- for Western North Carolina ttiau
any man iu the State. Freemen! look as
vour oaudi'liitca and their antecedent'.
look at the past and the present and cast
the patriot's tote for the good ot the whole
State '. l.r r 1 11 i. 'mi ' '.. .
STATK Fi r"! lovs ---On the first Monday
in .Vigii-t, election- "III be h Id iu tho
State of Kentucky. V i km-a-, Texas, Mis
souri and l)a : and t the. tir-t Thursday
of Au'."it. in North Ciro'.ina, and Tonne
see. On tli" first Monday of October, in
Ge.jr -is. and I'l.-ii'l 1, snd on the sseon.l
jTuesil iv of October, iu Peritmlvauia, Ou!