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VOL. LI -
HEAVY DEATH RATE
IN DARK CONTINENT
Condition* in French Colo•
nied Possessions Bad.
The Journal dea Debate Is dis
tressed over the apparent decline of
the native population In France's black
possessions. French Equatorial Af
rica now has less than one Inhabitant
per square kilometer, and the death
rate appears to be considerably higher
than the birth rate, writes the Living
, Doctor Boye, chief of the health
service from 1920 to 1922, character
izes the depopulation of these terri
tories "de plus en plus angolssante,"
and reports that "tribes formerly
prosperous and vigorous are today on
the verge of extinction."
According to a provincial governor,
where populous and flourishing vil
lages and broad acres of cultivation
were numerous 15 years ago, only
'"skeletons of villages" now remain,
their cabins in disrepair and their
fields neglected. One territory having
23,050 inhabitants, in which an accu
rate record has been' kept, reports that
the deaths exceeded the births in a
single year by 2,425. A larger enu
meration shows, per 100,000 natives, 4,-
470 births and 6,524 deaths per an
Conditions are somewhat better in
French East Africa, where the popula
tion Is denser—about 3.5 inhabitants
per square kilometer—but unequally
distributed. Even here the recruiting
officers report that only one adult male
out of every five or six of army age Is
fit for military service. In the sole
district where an actual enumeration
has occurred, out of a population of
25,000 there were 1,007 births and 1,-
The two principal scourges of the
African native In his own home are
social diseases and malaria. Malaria
appears to be the chief cfcuse of in
fant mortality. Pneumonia and tuber
culosis are also devastating scourges,
"the sprfeed of tuberculosis being close
by associated with the Increasing use
of alcoholic liquors."
One of the most significant and dis
turbing features of this gloomy sur
vey Is the evidence of a rapidly de
creasing birth rate, due to the dis
eases already mentioned, the sleeping
sickness, alcoholism and artificial re
striction of births. In case of 563 ne
gro families impartially selected on
the Gold coast, 188 were childless and
244 had but a single child. At Daker
10 per cent of the infants born die at
birth and°*so per cent during the first
Any patient In Kllnkervllle was
lucky who could enlist the services
of "Aunty" Scrogglns as his nurse.
"Now, you just take that look off
your face, won't you?" she command
ed a patient who was recovering from
typhoid. "You ain't half as sick as
you were five weeks ago; let your
thoughts 'well on that and let 'em
'well on this: There's lots o' folks
outdoors fallln' from the tops o' build
ings and getting run Into and over by
automobiles and contraptions' of all
sorts, besides those that are yieldln'
to temptation o' various kinds and be
ing sent to jail and then to state's
prison. And while all these dreadful
things are going on outside, what is
happening to you? You are getting
well at home, in peace and plenty, and
what's more, in as handsome a walnut
bedstead as there Is in all KUnUer
vllle. You let your mipd 'well on
these things a spell and then you 'turn
over and go to sleep."—Edvyln Tar
rissee in Judge. -,
Cost of Lioing in Madrid
A study has recently been made
showing the normal needs of living
for * working man of the lower
classes and his family in Madrid. The
budget Is made on the basis of a fam
ily of five, father, mother and three
children, between the ages of three
and thirteen, says United States com
merce reports. The total budget Is
thdwn at 6354 pesetas for the year,
■ which amounts at the current ex
change rate (approximately $0,135 to
the pweta) to $723. Of this amount
$467 Is allotted to food, $57 to hous
ing, sll9 to clothing and $Bl to mis
cellaneous expenses. The amount of
the budget however, considerably ex
ceeds the salary of the majority of
( the laborers and the standard of liv
ing la actually somewhat lower.
Knew She Wat a Flapper
One day whan members of the fam
ily ware sitting on the porch, a young
woman passed attired In a red bat, red
dress, red iioae and red puidps. Lewis'
father remarked: "There goea a flap
par." A abort later tha minister's
daughter was and she bad on a
red great, Lewis watched her very In
tently and attar a while, walked over
to fcer, looked her over and aald:
"Well you're a flapper." IJie young
woman replied: "Why do you say
thctr. " •Cause you got on a red
droflfc" lit —lndianapolis News.
THE ALAMANCE GLEANER.
Thit Generation May See
Return to Knee Breeches
Men, It B Just a little more than a
century ago since long trousers began
to come Into fashion. Beau Brummel,
the celebrated English society leader,
had Introduced them a few years be
fore. His daring example had been
copied by the "dandles" of the day.
But most men held back, especially the
conservative "substantial" ones.
Tliey considered long trousers a child
ish form of masquerade and were
afraid they would look ridiculous If
they abandoned knee-breeches.
Today It's the other way around.
After a century, the pendulum
swings and knee breeches are said to
be coming back. They are worn by
golfers, engineers and other men of
the outdoors, and on camping trips
Judging by ease and comfort, a
great many men—lf truth were known
—would like to wear "knee pants" all
Why not? Alas, In their community
association men have acquired a
timidity and iense of shame in any
thing not conforming to the crowd.
Long trousers are "the go"; and it's a
brazen male who dares fly in the teeth
of convention.—Washington Post.
Madagascar Once Home
of Enormous Reptiles
It is a singular fact that, barring the
wild cattle and the crocodiles, the
great African Island (Madagascar) Is
wholly destitute of big game. Yet it
teems with animal life in Its lesser
forms, including such curious animals
as the aye-aye, one of the most re
markable creatures known; 39 vari
eties of lemurs; a ferocious member
of the civet family,' which looks like
an enormous weasel; and a wild dog
which appears to be a cross between
a coyote, a Jackal and a dingo.
But Madagascar has not always
lacked large animals, as its fossil re
mains attest, for in ages past It was
the habitat of enormoas terrestrial
lizards 50 feet In length, and of the
great wingless bird, the aepyornls,
twice the size of ah ostrich.
The eggs of the aepyornls, some of
which are 40 Inches In circumference,
are still frequently found in the neigh
borhood of Fort Dauphin, at the south
ern end ~oT the Island, where the na
tives use them for carrying water. —E.
Alexander Powell in the Century
Trouble Both Ways
An Australian barrister tells of a
black fellow charged In a country town
with stealing. His solicitor decided
to put him to the box to give evidence
on his own behalf. The magistrate,
being doubtful if he understood the
nature of an oath, undertook to exam
ine him on the point
"Jacky," he said, "you know what
will happen to you if you tell a lie?"
"My oath, boss," replied Jacky, "me
go down below —burn long time."
"Quite right" replied the magistrate.
"And now you know what will happen
If you tell the truth?"
"Yes, boss. We lose 'em case."—
About to travel to India, a man was
told by his friends to be sure not to
miss the tiger shooting.
"It's no trick at all," they said.
"You hide in a thicket at night; when
the beast arrives, aim between its two
eyes, shining In the dark. It will fall
as If struck by lightning."
On his return they asked hew many,
tigers he had killed.
"None at all," he replied sadly.
"They've become altogether too clever.
They now travel In pairs, and each
one closes an eye. 80 of course—"
—Paris Le Rle.
Why Sun's Heat Differs
The naval observatory says the
earth Is heated by sunlight In the seme
way as a room Is lteated by sur.llglit
coming through a window pane, while
the pane Itself remains comparatively
cool. Similarly, a greenhouse often be
comes Insufferably warm within on a
clear, cool day. The explanation Is
that both air and glass are transparent
to sunlight or, in general, to radiation
from any incandescent source, but are
opaque to radiation from objects at an
ordinary temperature. The atmosphere
may be called a "transparent blanket,"
which lets In the sunlight but will not
let out the beat
Why Light I* Inefficient
"Cold" light from fte practical stand
point of Illumination will not likely be
come a commercial utility, according to
Elliott Q. Adams of the Nela research
laboratory of Cleveland. The glow
from phosphorus and the light of the
firefly, he said, are moat Inefficient aa
light. Light may be apoken of aa
"co»d." only when It Is emitted by a
source of low temperature and when
the proportion of nonlumlnons radia
tion I* small, which Is true with tha
firefly In both Instances, but this ha
x-iys does n«t mean ihnt tit** luminous
i>flt-l nrjf Is high M»st of
tight ure at very high temperatures.
GRAHAM, N. C., THURSDAY. FEBRUARY 26, 1925
HEARD IN PASSING
If a mm never doen anything wrong
toe netfer does anything.
A mam : fete back 'his best friend
when lie kicks himself.
Love makes the cottage a palace of
It is a strange desire to seek power
and to lase liberty.
A spoonful of success is worth a
gallon of failure.
Heaven Itself isn't exclusive enough
for some people.
Many a uinn is contented because he
doesn'jt know any better.
One way to expand the chest is to
curry a large heart in it.
Some men practice economy all their
lives, nut ne»er lenrn It.
Mivfce the best of the troubles you
have and don't hunt more.
If you would know a young lady's
faults get cliunimy with her girl friend.
W hen a man Is unable to choose be
tween two evils he usually hunts up a
Some wttmeii know too much to get
married and tjthers don't know enough.
Some men might compliment their
wives more If given a chance to talk.
Deedtlete shoulders are
mostly by men with decollete
craniums. - , '
Hverytthat Is wise has been
thought a We can only try to
think It once more.
It is Always cowardly to speak ill of
a man behind his back and dangerous
to say it to his face.
The man who goes up against an
other man'* fame soon discovers that
It Isn't a gflme ef chance.
A crowd Is nj>t company, and faces
are but a gallery of pictures, where
there Is no lore.
Will Build Bridge as
Did Legions of Caesar
The primitive methods used by the
legions of Jtaus Caesar in building
bridges ferfhg his Gallic campaigns
are being employed by a group of
United StatM soldiers to construct a
250-foot span over the upper Elwha
river In the wild Olympic mountains
of says a Tacoina, Wash.,
dispatch to the New York Herald Trib
The soldiers Include 130 officers and
men of the Sixth Engineers from
Camp Lewis. They building the
bridge for the forest service, to gain
experience and to save money for the
government. The structure Is being
put up from a trail In one of the most
Isolated sectlens of the West and no
power machinery of any kind Is avail
able. The troops and army mules are
doing all the w.ork, from cutting down
trees to putting them In place for the
bridge. The soldiers live In a tent
village. They have to pack their sup
plies for miles over forest and moua
One of the electric' tramways com
panies of Swltseriand has Aullt cars
of aluminum. One reason for using
this metal is that the weight of the
car is much lessened snd another point
is that the parting of the car lasts
much longer, says the Railway Age.
It was 'round that cars built with
iron plates soon showed rusting and
tiie paint suffered much from this. In
Zurich, where the method is being
tried, this is an Important point, as
the cars are painted In a light color.
In the first place the metal was used
for "the rtasfs of the cars, and the re
sult was so satisfactory' by reason of
the absewy of rust that It was de
cided to go farther and to employ It
for the body covering of the car and
part of the flooring. A metal known
small amonnt of copper aHded so as to
make It harder.
Measuring Light's Velocity
The velocity of light may be tneas>
ured In the laboratory by the follow
ing ra^fhod: A cogged wheel Is so
mounted that a ray of light passes be
tween two of the teeth and Is reflected
back frown a mirror. Slight as Is the
fraction of a soennd which light takes
to travel tlpt distance, it Is possible to
give suft4gu>eed to the wheel that the
next teoflfrthtcbes the ray of light on
Its return and snts It off. The speed
Is Incsased *i(l further until the ray
of light returns to, the eye of the ob
server through the notch next to the
one by which It had passed to the mir-
The speed of the wheel being
known. It hi thus possible to determine
the- velocity of Hght.
New Fad in Diamond•
The sparkling diamond will no long- >
er be faahloaabla, If Paris and London
jewelers have anything to say about
It "Hiey. are catting the stones to
gire tisem a doll and somber look. This
Is don* In "slat" affect. Diamonds so
cut are about seven tlmaa dearer Uaa
the old "aparklenf" becauaa of so moeh
waste. Onyx, saftihtr*,-roby and em
erald cuttings in sqoara or oblong
alats are now quite fashionable U» Eu
rope. It la tha "fareta," small trtaa
gular faclnga which enable a diamond
to catch and reflect Ugbt from so many
angles, that give It great brilliancy-
Oldtime Business Idea Must
Starting at the bottom and working
up used to mean moving through one
department after another, so that
when a man came to be head of the
business he - had a thorough under
standing of Its every phase.
This is no longer possible. Or
ganizations have become too large and
too highly articulated. The problems
are too complex and too diverse.
A young man who set out to learn
in practice every phase of a large
business (buying, deigning, manufac
turing, tratlic, finance, credit, selling,
advertising) Is likely to have one of
1. lie will make a failure at one
point or another, and be discharged
or resign In discouragement.
2. He will make so striking a suc
cess in one department that he will
become a fixture there, will be hired
away, or will go out to start In busi
ness for himself as a specialist.
3. He will gallop through to a gen
eral executive position with no more
than a superficial grasp of the real
work of the departments, because a
lifetime Is not long enough to let him
master all of them.
Therefore, as our business units
have grown larger, we have found
fewer and fewer men competent to
managp them, while at the same time
the direction of specialized work be
comes better.—Richard J. Walsh In
the Century Magazine.
Why Grafting Increaset
Product of Grapevinet
The propagation of American va
rieties of grapes by grafting on hardy
root stocks, a method not generally
followed by American grape growers
insures greater yields and much im
provement in the quality of the fruit,
according to two publications on the
subject Just Issued by the New York
agricultural experiment station at
As a result of these tests, it is be
lieved that American grnpes can * be
materially Improved in quality, that
yields can be increased and ' that
more rigorous vines can be obtained
by bench-grafting desirable varieties
on suitable stocks. At preset the
cost of grafted stock will probably fce
too great to warrant Htfe commercial
grower's changing over to pluntlng
stock propagated In this way. Im
proved methods of grnftlng should
lower the cost, however, and eventu
ally, when the snpply of grafted vines
is more abundant, this method of
propagation should prove a boon to
commercial grape- growing.
Such well-known varieties as Dela
ware, Campbell, Niagara, Concord,
lona and Catawba grafted on root
stocks of Clinton, Rlparla Glolre and
Itupestrls St George and grown along
side of "own rooted" vines propagat
ed In the nsnal way showed marked
superiority over the latter In many
ways, but especially with respect to
greatly improved quality.
Why Custom Changed
In the Orient of old, malaria was a
dispensation of Providence, and no
body thought of troubling the pools M
kill the mosquito larvae. Incantation*
to the gods took the place of iibatlona of
petroleum poured on stagnant water.
Today, In the western world, we find
men turning from the gods to the little
fishes. At a conference of malaria field
workers In New Orleans the minnow
was extolled as the nanral enemy of
mosquito. Those who used cisterns
were urged to place minnows In them,
and a plan was set afoot for putting
the little fish In ponila and ditches that
were the nurseries of noxious Insects.
It Is another victory of applied science
over superstitions Ignorance.—Ex
Why He Was Delinquent
String Bean, a character around the
water front, agreed to maintain a sav
ings account, made one deposit, and
there the matter rested. The bead of
the bank met hlrn one day and pro
ceeded to take him to task.
"Now look here. String Bran, you
promised to put $5 In our bank every
month. You haven't done HO. You
could easily do It"
"I s'pose I could, hems," responded
the culprit easily. "Trouble with you
banking gemman Is you don't seed
■round a man to threaten me."—Louis
Why the Leave s Fall
Leaves are a temporary part of the
plant Every pfluit has a period of
rest due to annually recurring and un
favorable conditions of temperature
and moisture fo*oth. when the activity
of life In the plant Is suspended and It
ceases to feed or grow. In such a
state leaves have no function and are,
therefore, needless. In a deciduous
plant the leaves suddenly and con
splcaoosiy fall off; In others, called
evergreen, most of the leaves are re
tained In the green condition until they
are gradually replaced by new ones.
Location of Famous
London Well Unknown
Even before the Norman conquest
the holy well of St. Clement, London,
used to be the scene of many pilgrim
ages, and these continued until the
Reformation. It used to be the favor
ite trystln® place for lads and lassies
on summer evenings, In the time when
the Strand of London was a country
road and not the important London
thoroughfare it is today. The site of
the old well Iff believed to lie some
where between the law courts in the
Strand and St. Clement's Inn.
Within a few yards of the site of
the well stands the church of St.
Clement, whose bells are famed in
nursery rhyme. Here Doctor Johnson
used tt> have jx pew, but there is no
record of his ever having visited the
well—Which was only bricked over
when the present law courts were
built.—Kansas City Star.
Lifting Power of Love
Love lifts up the lowest to the high
est, places the lowly born by the side
of the bright particular star. It binds
us to earth; and when our loved one
has been token from us It lifts us to
heaven. Who shall tell Its glories and
Its victories? Without It a life passed
Is like a year gone by without nny sum
mer— !oid, chilly, unfruitful, without
pleasure or charm. With It the worst
stute Is endurable. The palace Is but
a stable or an outhouse withont It —a
very prison; the very prison when the
loved one shares It is a palace. Such is
particular love. When that, upon the
freeing of our souls from this "muddy
vesture of decay" which incloses it, has
grown Into general love for our fel
lows and love of adoration for our
Maker we shall not be far off para
dise, for Indeed heaven's harmony Is
Wanted His Share
He was a little, undersized, Inoffen
sive-looking person. He had managed
to get on the Broadway express at
Times square by the simple expedient
of holding his breath and allowing
himself to be jammed Into the train
by the burly blue-coated guard. Ha
found himself In a packet formed by
four men surrounding him. His chin
reached up to about their knees. The
atmosphere—what there was of It—
was stlffllng. He managed to stand It
for about two mlnfttes. Then he
twisted his neck up to the man in
front of him and said: "Pardon me,
sir, but would you mind holding your
breath for a moment? I would like
to get a mouthful for myself."—Mer
"Do you remember, dear," said Mrs.
Blank, "that before we were mar
ried you always offered me your left
"Y (•*," replied her husband, "I
wonted to have my right hand free.
You see, I had a lover's fear that
someone would try to take you away
from me, and I always kept It In
readiness for defence."
"How sweet! Hut how Is It that
now you usually offer «ne your right
"Well, I am not so afraid as I wu"
Costly to Crow Tall
"Sorry, but I can't Insure yoo—
you're too tall," said the agent to the
man who wanted to take out an acci
"Too tall? What's the mutter with
that?" protested the applicant. "And
anyway I'm not a* toll ns my father
was nnd he hod no trouble getting In-
"Hut your father," the agent ex
plained, "was Insured long ngo when
there was no danger of a feilow hav
ing hi* licad knocked off by a Skidding
airplane."— American Legion Weekly
Why Ho Was Not Afraid
During a thunderstorm, Jones, a
wireless fiend, went out In the the
night, lowered his atrial ond carefully
burled one end #f It In the soil.
Next morning, as he wan going to
town in his train, he told a fellow
traveler wbnt he bad done.
"But weren't you afraid of the light
ulug striking you 7*' queried n rather In
"No!" (Irmly replied Jonen. "You
wr, I ha'l w>;ne silk pajamns on, iind
i icad that rilk Is a good Insulating
••overlng."— Rrtenee and Invention.
He was sitting at his desk In a down
town office, says the Detroit News. Di
rectly back of him sar another rutin
at knot her desk, silent busy. After
an hour n \wadded-up newspaper
struck the flryt gentleman In the hack
of the head. "What's the use? What's
the use?" the thrower was saying.
got a crow-word pnxxle about half
worked oat and And there It a mistake
la the printing of it"
How Truet -
"What's the difference between s
luxury and u necessityT
"In thene days all luxuries an no
One of the oldest dishes of which
any record can be found is the Arublan
"khablK,'' which Is said to have been
invented and named by the Prophet
Mohammed. It consists of fine selected
dates coated with a mixture of honey
and butter, and it is still a favorite
dessert and confection among the
Orientals, to whom the date Is n staple
food. It Is interesting to note that
the word "khabls" has pome to be used
by the Arabs as a synonym for happi
Verdun's Unhappy History
Verdun, which became blood-soaked
during tUe World war, had been the
scene of previous heavy bloodshed,
one of instances having been in
tke general massacre of Jews by peas
ants in. a religious misconception in
the Fourteenth century. This was
about 1311 There was not a Jew in
England from 1(510 to IftMy and for
some time after KliM there was none
In France. ■
In the Time of Trouble
Children and in a ids are frequently
at a loss in an emergency and n direc
tory bung'over tlie telephone with the
names, addresses and telephone num
bers of the family physician and it
substitute, the nearest tire box, the
police station, tlie faintly pastor and
tlie business places of all employed
members of the family, will sometime*
Dromedary and Camel
Dromedary is a name sometime#
given to the Arabian or one-humped
camel, but properly belonging to a
variety of that species distinguished
by slenderness of limbs and symmetry
of form and by fleet
ness, "bearing much the same rela
tion to the ordinary camel as-a race
horse or hunter does to u cart horse."
Far-Flung Telephone Bell
The telephone is gradually spread*
tng into the most out-of-the-way cor
ners of the earth. On the bleak
steppes of Lapland, In tlie swarming
bazars of Mecca, under the frond ed
palms of the .South Sea Islands, may
be heurd the peremptory summons of
the telephone bell.
Original * of Names Old
Glasgow, the second city of the Brit
ish empire today, obtained its name
from two Celtic words, "glas," meaning
green, and "gbu," meaning dear—dear,
green place. Dublin came from,
"dubb," meaning black, and "linn."
meaning pool. Uutlund Is a corruption
"None So Deaf"
"Bredren," said the colored prench
er earnestly, "In some folks de still,
small voice ob conscience keeps a
gettin' stiller iiml smaller, until at
la*' It'll sure hail to learn de deef and
datnb liingwldge ter attrack deir at
tention."— ISoston Transcript.
An Inlirm old bootmaker's plea that
he pay only a penny a week toward her
support because he was blind In one
eye and bis wife a habitual drunkard
was granted recently In Murylebons
court, making a low ma'ntenanca
record In England.
First Dictionary Chinese
The first dictionary was Chinese
and was compiled about 1100 ft. by
I'a-out-siie, It contained about 40,000
characters. The first modern diction
ary was by a Venetian friar, Ambrogo
Otleplni. ii Latin work, before l.vjO.
Mice Save Human Liven
Fire ihiit destroyed a grocery store
on the i rr.t floor of a Imll'Un ; in I»un
bur. Scot Innd, drove upstairs hundred*
of mice, which nudfce tie ocnpuntM
of the t »j» story tint Just In time for
them to escnpe with their lives.
China's Cotton Industry
China, a land of many obsolete In-
rliiHtrlnl activities, bus one Industry
that I* modern In almost every tu-nm.
It IK cotton which I* rapiilly develop
ing Inio n major Industry. Ii employs
much j> labor, including (It,-if of
children, >f course, but lis tnsthlnerjr
and method* are up to date. It* great
est wen KM*** IK In the scientific man
agement of the factories, but this la
being overcome by the brining In of
foreign expert*. .
A New York Judge let a wife take
the bench and sentence her husband
Asked by her If lie had anything to say,
be replied, "So, never." —Detroit Newt.
Won by Flattery
Commend a fool for his wit, or a
knave for his honexty, and they will
receive you Into their bosom.—Field
Take a Daily Walk
Don't be a "shut-In." Try to gat a
brisk walk every dajr, even If it U only
• abort one.
Fine Artistic Effecta 1
Found in Brie# Facing
Prom an artistic point of view, brick
makes strong claims to consideration.
An endless variety of color tones and
textures is offered for your choice
which you may use In uniform shades,
or, preferably, In blended shades of the
most delicate and charming effects.
No other building material can ap
proach face brick In the possibility of
color schemes fbr the wall purface,
either within or without — and the
colors last, for they are an Integral
part of the enduring brick.
Hut to the artistic effect of the brick
texture and color must be added the
artistic effects secured by the treat
ment of the bond and mortar joint.
The manner in which the brick are
made to overlap in the wall has a de
cided Influence on the result, and the
mortar Joint, in color, size, and kind
is FO important that we strongly urge
i'i»u to talk the mutter over with some
experienced brick sulesman before
building. The mortar Joint may spoil
or make the beauty of your wall.
The economic merits of the face
Iwiek house are striking. From the
very nature of the material and lis
construction you save on upkeep or
maintenance, on depreciation, on In
surance rates, on fuel, and even on
doctor's bills. Brick do not decay, they
require no paint, their depreciation Is
practically nil, they make a tight wall
that saves fuel, and a sanitary one
that prevents vermin.
When It comes to sentimental re*-,
sons, your sense of satisfaction In hav
ing a substantial and attractive house,
of Justifiable pride and self-respect In
possessing a home of distinction which
your frleml. and neighbors admire, Is
a sort of imponderable, value re&lly
worth more than money.-—Chicago Post.
Would Divorce Politics
From City Government
One feature of the recent meeting la'
Boston of the National Municipal
league was the recognition of the need
In American cities of more businesslike
forms of government A fact that has:
been receiving much emphasis lately
was given particular attention: It wat
that die task of running a city la pri
marily a business and not a political
undertaking. There was reference to N
the enormous expenditures that are be
ing made by practically all the leading
centers of the country and to the waste
and inefficiency that political control
of city affairs has entailed. ■
Many of the speakers at the league
sessions believed a remedy for this ■lb'
nation had been found In the mnoager
plan of municipal government. Thajr
saw in that plan, as It hag been adopt
ed In Cleveland, one of the largest of
American cities, a release from the
traditional and unsatisfactory, ward
system, from the antiquated two-house
council and from undue partisanship
in the selection of council members.
There was a feeling of confidence that
tills plan, which permitted appointment
Ity the people's representatives of an 1
aide executive head for the city, would l
prove as effective In a large center at
It had proved In hundreds of smaller
cities of the United States.— Kunsaa
Russia's Sugar Production |
The production of sugar In Russia
from the harvest of 1024 was original-!
ly expected to reach 30,000,000 pood*
(1 pood equals .10.1 pounds), but
weather conditions Immediately after,
planting seriously Impaired the plan
tations and greatly reduced the yield,
reports Kconomle Life. The combined
effects of intense heat followed by pr©-|
longed drought, with Insect and other
damages, reduced the area originally
gown from 318,822 desslatlnes to 272,-
O'S dessiatines (1 dessiatlne equals
2.7 acres), or 14.3 per cent. The #rlg
lnal planted area was divided be
tween that on which Innd, seed, laboi
and money were furnished by the fac
tories (30,057 desslatlnes) and that oi
Individual planters who raised crops
on shares, sometimes on factory
Dick Whittington'» Seal
Tlie seai of Dick Whittington, the
famous lord mayor of London, has
been found on a legal document discov
ered among a bundle of old deeds by
a London expert on parchment. In the
center of the seal Is n bust of a young
man, encircling which Is the name
"Itlcarl Whltyngton," and the date
1402. An expert of the public record
olllce Kiiid that he was confident the
seal was genuine, and so far as he
knew, unique. It roust have been th«
seal used by Whittington before he
was knighted and received armorial
beatings. He was made lord major
first In T397.