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The Alamance gleaner
VOL. LIX. GRAHAM, IS, C., THURSDAY JANUARY 11, 193^ NO. 49.
News Review of Current
Events the World Over
President Roosevelt Tells Congress and Nation the New
Deal Must Be Permanent?Declares Recovery
Policies Are Succeeding.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
JUST what President Roosevelt in
tends to do and what he wants
congress to do was not revealed In
any detail in the message which he
read before a joint
session of senate and
house at the opening
of the regular ses
sion. However, it was
an excellent speech,
addressed to the na
tion rather than to
the congress and
heard over the ra
dio by millions of his
who should be en
couraged by his gen
eral statement of
progress made by the recovery admin
istration and all the allied collectlv
In plain, forceful language, Mr.
Roosevelt declared that the old meth
ods have gone Into the discard and
that the new social and economic or
der upon the lines laid down by the
national recovery legislation must be
pushed forward and made lasting. Op
position to this, he asserted. Is found
among only a few Individualists. In
general terms he told of the success
of the NRA In lessening unemploy
ment, abolishing child labor, establish
ing uniform standards of hours and
wages and preventing "ruinous rival
ries within Industrial groups."
The President's claim for farm re
lief will be questioned by many. Said
he: "Actual experience with the op
eration of the agricultural adjustment
act leads to my belief that thus far
the experiment of seeking a balance
between production and consumption
Is succeeding and has made progress
entirely In line with reasonable ex
pectations toward the restoration of
farm prices to parity."
Brief allusion was made to the war
debts, and It was stated that stabil
ization of the dollar Is Impossible at
present because certain other nations
are "handicapped by Internal and other
conditions." The message referred
specifically to the disclosures before
the senate banking and currency com
mittee of rich and powerful financiers
who "evaded the spirit and purpose
of our tax laws," enriched themselves
at the expense of their stockholders
and the public and through reckless
speculation with their own and other
people's money, "Injured the values
of the farmers' crops and the savings
of the poor." It also declared the In
tention of the government and the
people to suppress "crimes of organ
ized banditry, cold-blooded shooting,
lynching and kidnaping that have
threatened our security."
The President's closing sentences
especially aroused the supporters of
the Constitution. He thanked the
members of congress for their co-op
eration, and concluded:
"Out of these friendly contacts we
are, fortunately, building a strong and
permanent tie between the legislative
and executive branches of the gov
"The letter of the Constitution wise
ly declared a separation, but the im
pulse of common purpose declares a
union. In this spirit we Join once
more In serving the American people."
THIS message of the President was
addressed especially to the Amer
ican people. A few days befdre he
delivered another that was meant
more for the rest of the world. It was
his speech on Woodrow Wilson's
birthday delivered at a dinner given
by the Woodrow Wilson foundation,
and In it he vigorously attacked po
litical leaders of other nations for
frustrating the hopes of the peoples
for world peace. Ninety per cent of
the population of the earth, he
averred. Is desirous that there shall
be no more wars; but the remaining
10 per cent are misled by politicians
who have imperialistic designs and
Mr. Roosevelt's peace plan, offered
to the world, may be thus summarized:
Every nation would agree to elim
inate over a period of years and by
progressive steps all weapons of of
fense, keeping only permanent de
fensive Implements. Each nation
could inspect Its neighbor to insure
against offensive weapons.
Every nation would Join in a sim
ple declaration that no armed forces
would be allowed to cross Its borders
Into the territory of any other nation.
By ruling that such pacts would be
effective unless all nations, agreed the
nations still believing "in the use of
the sword for Invasion" would be
pointed out to the pressure of world
The President also proclaimed a
modification of the Monroe Doctrine,
asserting that It would henceforth be
the policy of the United States to un
dertake no single-handed armed Inter
vention in any of the American re
publics. lie declared that It was the
Joint obligation of all those republics
to intervene In any one of them if
such interference should become nec
essary to protect their interests.
C'UIt the current and the next fiscal
' years the President asks congress
to provide sixteen and a half billion
dollars, in the budget message which
was transmitted to the lawmakers.
Of this immense sum the recovery
agencies will require almost ten bil
lions, the remainder being for the rou
tine government establishment. For
these two years the treasury deficits
are estimated at nine billion three
hundred million dollars. To meet
these deficits the President proposes
to borrow on the credit of the govern
ment ten billion dollars or more in
addition to borrowing about twelve
billions to refinance maturing govern
ment bonds and other obligations in
the next year and a half.
By July 1, 1935, when the President
proposes to halt recovery operations
and begin paying the bills out of taxes,
the public debt, he estimates, will
stand at the all-time record peak of
thirty-one billions eight hundred and
Republican senators and repre
sentatives and some Democrats pro
fessed to be appalled by the Presi
dent's spending program, but it prob
ably will be put through, Just the same.
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT an
* nonnced that he had accepted the
long expected resignation of William
II. Woodln as secretary of the treas
ury, and appointed Henry Morgenthau,
Jr., to succeed him. Mr. Morgenthau
took the oath of office on New Tear's
day in the presence of Mr. and Mrs.
Roosevelt and the members of bis
Mr. Woodln's retirement had been
expected since last summer. He is
still In Arizona endeavoring to re
cover his health.
PRESIDENT GRAU and his sup
porters in Cuba were preparing to
combat an anti-government conspir
acy which Secretary of the Interior
Gulteras said had
gone too far to be
halted by any plan of
or even recognition of
the Grau regime by
the United States.
The revolutionists, he
said, were operating
from Miami, Fla. In
Havana the army's
home made tanks
were placed In stra
tegic positions, the
police were armed
with rifles and soldiers were stationed
on housetops to cheek sniping.
The Miami revolutionaries' plans
"are too far advanced," Gulteras said,
"because they accepted money from
American corporations In exchange
for certain concessions If they attain
power. They can't return the money.
Therefore, they must carry out their
President Grau signed a decree set
ting April 22 as the date for the elec
tion of a constitutional assembly
which will meet on May 20 to choose
a new provisional president and draft
a new constitution. Grau said he
would not continue In the presidency
after May 20, regardless of whether
the assembly confirms him as provi
THOUGH the year closed with
prices for farm products and man
ufactured foods showing a downward
trend; though the estimates of the
government and or
grain dealers revealed
that the acreage re
duction program on
which the Agriculture
department spent vast
sums was virtually a
failure, and though
there were other dis
couraging signs, on
the whole President
Roosevelt and bis ad
visers had reason to
believe the new year
promised to see con
slderable success achieved by their re
covery plans. Many leaders In econ
omy and politics gave them this as
surance, and there was manifested a
general determination to go along fur
ther with the President and support
Speaker Ralney predicted that the
session of congress would be har
"We are going to hare a short and
constructive session," said Mr. lCalney.
"It will be a very Important session,
but a working one rather than a dra
matic one. We will pass the supply
bills, the tax bills and the liquor meas
ures and adjourn early In Slay.
"There will be no attempt to over
throw the recovery program or to op
pose the President. It Isn't possible.
If there Is any sniping the snipers are
apt to be left at borne.
"We had the extra session and en
acted the recovery program and It Is
Just beginning to work, ltecovery Is
on the way."
*?"*-JIUtEXTIAL rains lasting many
hours wrought disaster in I.os An
geles and Its suburbs for floods rusiied
through the towns and countryside
and probably 75 or more lives were
lost. Olendale, Montrose, La Cres
centa, Echo Park, Long Beach, Ala
mttos Beach, Venice, Itedondo Bench
and other towns were those In the
direct path of the Inundation. It was
In these places that the heaviest toll
of life occurred.
r\ EVALUATION of the dollar ap
pears to be a certainty of the not
distant future, and the Treasury de
partment Is getting ready for that
step. To start with, It Is about to
seize all remaining private holdings of
gold. Henry Morgenthnu, Jr., now
secretary, In an order Issued under
the emergency banking law, demand
ed the surrender of all gold holdings,
with five specific exceptions, regard
less of their size.
Failure to follow the treasury's or
der and conviction carries a maximum
penalty of ten years In prison, $10,000
In fines, or hoth. The order applies to
corporations, partnerships, and asso
ciations as well as Individuals.
One Important exception which still
blocks the way to devaluation was
left In the new gold order. Federal
reserve banks, which own $3,700,000,
000 In gold and gold certificates out of
a total American gold stock of $4,300,
000,000, were still allowed to keep their
gold. How to deprive the reserve
banks of this gold legally, or at least
of the profit which the banks would
otherwise reap from devaluation, has
long been puzzling treasury legal ex
"^JOW It Is up to the United States
Court of Claims to decide wheth
er or not President Roosevelt's action
In removing William E. Humphrey as
a member or tne iea
eral trade commission
last October was "Ille
gal and void." Mr.
Humphrey has filed
with the court a pe
tition demanding from
the United States
$1,251.39 which he
says is due him as his
salary from October
8 to November 30. He
laid before the court
a transcript of four
letters from the Fres
W. E. Humph
ident. Iwo of them requested his res
ignation, a third accepted his resigna
tion, although Mr. Humphrey contend
ed, none had been offered, while a
fourth contained only these words:
"I am in receipt of your letter of
September 27. Effective as of this
date (October 7) you are hereby re
moved from the office of commissioner
of the federal trade commission."
Mr. Humphrey refused to resign or
get out and formally notified the trade
commission of that refusal; but the
commission wrote him that it had vot
ed to recognize the executive order of
the President. Mr. Humphrey is a
Republican and the controversy be
tween him and Mr. Roosevelt has been
taken up as a political issue by some j
others of that party. It is certain to i
be the subject of oratory and argu
ment In congress. For fourteen years
Mr. Humphrey represented the state
of Washington in congress.
COME weeks ago Jon O. Duca,
^ premier of Rumania, outlawed the
Iron Guard, an anti-Jewish organiza
tion. lie has paid the penalty, for a
member of the guard assassinated
him in a railway station in Sinnla.
The murderer, who was arrested with
two accomplices, proudly admitted his
The assassination came as a climax
to a long series of disorders character
istic of the new wave of anti-Semitic
radicalism which lias swept Rumania
since the victory of Chancellor Hit
ler's anti-Jewish campaign in Ger
LOANS totaling $27,534,000 were al
lotted to six railroads by the
PVV'A. Funds were authorized to per
mit purchase of steel rails and track
fastenings, for the repair of locomo
tives and rolling stock and to finance
the construction of coal cars.
Largest of the loans was an alloca
tion of $12,000,000 to the Southern Pa
cific company. The Illinois Central
railroad was granted $0,300,000 and the
Baltimore & Ohio railroad, $4,230,000.
Receivers of the Wabash railway were
granted $1,480,000. Loans of $205,000
and $250,000 were granted for Kansas.
Oklahoma & Gulf railroad and the
Interstate railroad, the latter a Vir
6, HS4. WMttra N?wip4p?r untoa.
Bicycle for Riding on the Ice
EUKOPB Is tuning a cold nloter and tbe device nere Illustrated, iiiveuied
by a Frenchman, may be found of good use. As is seen, the bicycle has
two skates attached to the back wheel and one that takes the place of tbe
The pirates and their pages were
suspended from the floor.
BONERS are actual humorous
tid-bits found in examination pa
pers, essays, etc., by teachers.
Pseudonym Is the state or condition
a poet gets Into just before writing.
? ? ?
"Paradise Lost" treats of Milton's
life as a youth. It is very clear, full
of diction, and the character is
brought out clearly.
* ? ?
What Is the dramatic unity of place?
Unity of place means that every
thing must take place where It hap
The action must be In one place, all
other places being brought in by pla
cards or messengers.
? ? ?
Whitman Is a plant called sage
found In Camden.
? ? e
Arbitration Is an argument settled
by a dispute.
An example Is the settlement of the
boundary line of the Island of Vene
zuela in the south Pacific ocean.
0. 1913. Bell Syndicate.?WNU Service.
Chin back ? '
op ball. 1
? RlCD GCPOR.T
KEEPING THE CHIN BACK
ONE trouble witL the advice "keep
the chin back" Is that man; goit
ers who attempt to carry out this
procedure to the letter find their whole
swing tied up. Still It Is one of the
fundamentals of good golf and the
average player should take measures
to carry It out and still manage a
free swing. Waller flngen. ahove,
portrays a good example of a golfer
who can accomplish this and swing
with no sign of tautness. It Is Just
such an example as this that shows
bow Uigeo really achieved hit golfing
THORNTON W. BURGESS
JERRY MUSKRAT TAKES A
Trust not a fox because he smiles
Lest It shall prove one of hl9 wiles.
SEATED on the Big Rock in the
Smiling Pool as the Black Shad
ows were chased away by the Jolly
Little Sunbeams and daylight took the
place of darkness, Jerry Muskrat
watched Reddy Fox trot off across the
Green Meadows toward the Old Pas
ture. Reddy looked back Just once
and smiled. At least he meant to
smile. What he really did do was to
If Jerry had been near enough to see
that grin clearly, he would have seen
in It such slyness and eagerness as
might have given him an uncomfort
able feeling. As It was, that grin
looked pleasant, which was what Red
dy fully intended.
**It was wonderfully good of Reddy
Fox to come away over here Just to
tell me about those carrots," thought
Jerry, "and to Invite me to go with
him to get some. He must think a lot
of me to go to all that trouble. Lie
certainly must. lie?"
Jerry stopped right there and sud
greatness. Perhaps to more than any
thing else Hagen owes his success to
his ability to relax In any and nil
conditions. In this case he is allowing j
the body to turn independently of the
head, the head being held back as
the anchor of the swing.
Not every one will find Ha gen's ease
in doing this but at least certain pre
cautions will aid immeasurably. In
the first place the golfer should con
centrate more on the correct swing
than on where the ball Is likely to
land, and then try to eliminate hurry
in a relaxed, easy swing In which, as
the above Illustration typifies, the
body moves Independently of the head.
<&. 1923. Bell Syndicate.?WNU 8crvlce.
By ANNE CAMPBELL
LITTLE Uetlbead. did you run
Laughing In the morning sun?
Did the red rays strike your hair.
Love Its gloss, and linger there?
Kou are only two months old?
Fwo months drenched with living gold !
rid you pluck In Paradise
rhose blue blossoms for your eyes?
Did a white dove flying near
rouch your cheeks and find them dear,
liiving you the velvet white
Df Its wings for our delight?
Did you meet on Heaven's strand
Angels? . . Did they take your
Filling It with glorious
Happiness to bring to us?
Little Redhead, did the dawn
Touch your hair and linger on?
Somewhere on your Journeying
Redhirds met you. pretty thing!
If we had been asked to name
What we longed for. ere you came.
We'd have answered: Heaven's pearl
Is a red-haired bahy girl!
denly sat up very straight while a
funny look crossed his face. He
pulled his whiskers thoughtfully, and
the look on his face grew still funnier
"I wonder," said Jerry, very softly,
talking to himself. "1 wonder If he was
thinking more of me or of himself, f
wonder If It wasn't his own stomach
and not my stomach that pu? the Idea
of carrots Into his head. Nothing
would give him more pleasure than to
He Was Now Almost on the Edge of
show mc the way?Inside his stomach I
Perhaps I'm not fair to you. I teddy
Fox, but I can't afford to take any
chances. I'm going to start for that
garden of Farmer Brown's this very
minute. It may he risky to do It In
broad daylight, but I am afraid It
would be a whole lot riskier to do It
after dark with you, Mr. Fox. I cer
tainly am. I wouldn't do it at all if
it wasn't that It Just seems as If I
must have some of those carrots."
Jerry looked this way, and looked
that way, and locked-the other way,
until he was quite sure that Uedtail.
the Hawk, was nowhere to be seen.
Then Jerry dived into the Smiling Pool
and swam quick)) across it and up the
Laughing Brook. At a certain place
a little ditch came into It. a ditch
which had been dug to drain off the
water from the (Jreen Meadows In the
spring. The grass grew long on both
sides and bung over the little ditch.
Jerry turned into the little ditch, which
was now quite dry. and ran along it,
keeping as much under the grass as he
could. It led straight In the direction
of Farmer Iirown's cornfield, on one
side of which were rows and rows of
delicious carrots, according to It eddy
It was a long way to the end of that
ditch. Anyway, It was long to Jerry
Fresh from I'arls is this attractive
knltled pullover sweater In brilliant
colors of Shetland wool, worn witb a
plaid scarf In matching colors.
VEGETABLES AND LAMB
WE AKE not confined to the succu
lent green vegetables of the sum
mer for the vitamin-rich foods which
are needed in our diet, as the winter
vegetables are full of these life-giving
substances and canned foods contain
them In varying amounts. When fresh
tomatoes become too expensive, the
canned tomatoes are always avail
able. Besides these canned vegetables
we have the cabbage, carrots, celery,
cauliflower, onions, rutabagas. Milk,
butter and eggs contain vitamins as do
liver, kidney, cheese, citrus, fruits and
Kohlrabi and Carrots.
Take one cup each of diced kohlrabi
and carrots, cook in separate sauce
pans In boiling salted water until ten
der. Drain and cook In two table
spoons of shortening until slightly
browned. Melt two tablespoons of
shortening, add two tablespoons of
flour and mix well nntil smooth. Add
one cupful of milk gradually, stirring
until smooth. Add one beaten egg
yolk, one tablespoon of minced par
sley and salt and pepper to taste. Add
the vegetables and serve hot.
rxioncy oeani ana vorn
Mix two cups of canned kidney
beans with one and one-half cups of
corn, one tablespoon of minced preen
pepper, salt and pepper to season and
one well beaten egg. I'ut into a well
buttered bakinp dish, sprinkl** the top
with crumbs and grated cheese. Bake
In a moderate oven half on hour.
Have young mutton from the fore
quarter cut Into Inch cubes. I'ut on to
metal skewers alternating with pieces
of salt pork cut half as thick. Sprin
kle with seasoning, brush with melted
fat. dip Into crumbs and boll. Serve
with chill sauce and green pepj>ers,
stuffed with seasoned rice.
Lamb or Mutton Sandwich.
Chop and leftover roast or cooked
lauib and add to a dish of scram
bled eggs. While hot place^on but
tered bread or toast and top with
sliced fried tomato. Serve hot.
MuskraL who does little travelinp on
land. It was a real jouruey for Jerry.
When he reached the end of the ditch
ho came to another ditch going cross
wise. He turned down this a little
way and then very carefully climbed
up the bonk until he could peep over.
He was now almost on the edge of the
cornfield, the very side where Reddy
had said the carrots were.
?- 1 S33. by T. W. Dunrwi?WNU Sftnrlca.
Italy Takes Good Care of Its Children
O.NK ot Mussolini's great works In Italy Is an Institution that caret, fur mothers and children. In Home aloue the
government has established 120 creches like the one shown herewith. In them the working women leave their
children for the day and In the evening they are returned to them, well fed and clean.