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The Alamance Gleaner
VOL. LIX. GRAHAM, IN, C., THURSDAY JANUARY 25, 193^ NO. 51.
News Review of Current
Events the World Over
President Asks for Nationalization of Gold Supply?Not
Yet Ready to Fix Exact Value of Dollar?Carlos
Mendieta Is Given Cuban Presidency.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT sent to
* congress bis long-awaited message
on monetary matters, and it should be
In a measure reassuring to business
and finance. He asaed
that the gold supply
of the country be na
tionalized and that his
powers be redefined to
enable periodic reval
uation of the dollar
within a range of 50
to GO per cent of the
present gold content.
He already had the
power to devalue the
dollar down to 50
per cent, but he does
not do so yet, saying
that 'because of world uncertainties,
I do not believe It desirable In the
public Interest that an exact value be
now fixed." He added that careful
study had led him to the conclusion
that any revaluation at more than 60
per cent would not be In the public
The President asked full power to
take over the last outstanding supplies
of gold In the country, much of which
belongs to the federal reserve banks.
The legislation he requested, he ex
plained, "places the right, title and
ownership of our gold reserves In the
government Itself; It makes clear the
government's ownership of any added
dollar value of the country's stock of
gold which would result from any de
crease of the gold content of the dollar
which may be made In the public in
The profit that may result from cut
ting the gold content the President
proposed should be used to set up a
two-billion-dollar fund for purchases
and sales of gold, foreign exchange
and government securities.
No further recommendations concern
ing silver were made In the message,
the President saying he believed "we
should gain more knowledge of the
results of the London agreement and
of our other monetary measures."
Immediately after the reading of the
President's message, Senator Duncan
U. Fletcher of Florida, chairman of
the senate banking and currency com
mittee, Introduced the administration's
bill to effect the monetary changes
proposed. He called his committee to
gether the next day to consider it, and
Secretary Morgenthau was the first
to be heard In argument for the legis
Only two Democratic senators came
out In the open promptly In opposition
to the President's program, Carter
Glass of Virginia and Thomas P. Gore
of Oklahoma. Both declared that the
appropriation of the reserve banks'
gold was unlawful and Immoral. Most
of the Republicans were cautious In
their expressions of opinion.
However, Attorney General Homer
Cummings rendered to the senate
banking and currency committee a
formal opinion upholding that section
of the proposed bill.
"The monetary gold stock (of the
federal reserve system) may be taken
by the government In the exercise of
Its right of eminent domain," the at
torney general's opinion declared.
"Such power," he went on, "extends
to every form of property required for
Gov. Eugene Black of the reserve
board was heard by the committee In
closed session and Senator Fletcher
said Black was unchanged In his op
position to the seizure of the federal
reserve gold and the loss of the profit
which would nccrue from the devalu
ation of the dollar.
Senator McAdoo of California was
?eraciously reported as sharing the
views of Senators Glass and Gore, but
later sought to silence the rumor, as
serting that he had not yet made up
??TITHO is president of Cuba this
V" morning?" asks the man in the
street, and there Is reason for his un
certainty. At this writing the head of
the Island republic Is
Cot Carlos Mendleta.
conservative leader of
the Nationalists and
able to the adminis
tration In Washington.
Ramon Grau San
Martin, unable to
hold on any longer,
resigned and some of
the factions united In
choosing as his suc
cessor the youthful
Carlos IIovia. secretary of agriculture
In Grau's cabinet anil a graduate of
Annapolis Naval academy, llevla ac
tually was sworn In before the Su
preme court, but he tasted only one
day. Then Col. Fulgenclo Batista,
powerful commander of the army, took
command of the situation. There was
a loud demand that he resign his mil
itary post; a strike to force this was
started by Antonio Gulteras, late sec
retary of war and navy, and Hevia or
dered that Fulgenclo get out.
But the army leader promptly
brought 3,000 of his troops from Santa
Clara province to reinforce the 5,000
at Camp Columbia, on the outskirts of
Havana, and compelled Hevia to re
sign. He then declared that Mendietu
was the only man capable of contin
uing the junta's revolutionary program
without the extreme measures that
had prevented recognition by the
United States; that, he, Batista, rec
ognized the costly mistake the Junta
had made in installing Grau and would
now rectify it. He ordered govern
ment employees to remain at work on
pain of losing their Jobs, but the strike
went Into effect far enough to tie up
Havana's power, light, gas and trans
portation systems. Batista ordered the
arrest of Guiteras, whom he held re
sponsible for this. A bomb exploded
near Mendieta's residence but no one
Mendieta was assured the support
of the Nationalists be leads, the polit
ical societies ABC and OCRR and the
newer revolutionary organizations.
Moreover, he had performed the high
ly difficult feat of reuniting the army
and the navy. They had been split
apart previously over the breach be
tween Guiteras and Batista.
GERMANY'S great church quarrel
goes on unabated and the Evan
gelical pastors are still determined
that their religion shall not be nazl
n e a. ueicnsDishop
Ludwlg Mueller, who
Is a confidant of
Chancellor Hitler, Is
sued a decree forbid
ding pastors to criti
cize the Nazi Protest
ant church adminis
tration from the pul
pits under pain of
dismissal from the
church. But the re
bellious ones, organ
ized as the Pastors'
Emergency league, de
fled Doctor Mueller and for the sec
ond time read to their congregations
a manifesto demanding his resignation.
It was up to the councils of the
churches to enforce the reichsbishop's
decree, but several of the councils de
clared openly they would not do so.
Bishop Mueller showed some Inclina
tion to recede from his position, but
the militant Nazi German Christian
pastors brought great pressure to bear,
telling him they would support him
only so long as he stuck by his de
crees. The bishop also seeks to annul
all church laws passed in 1933 so he
can proclaim new ones.
Reverend Doctor Richter, who is
highly considered by President Von
Hindenburg, declared in the Berlin
cathedral that "a storm is brewing In
Germany?a fight between Christianity
and heathendom." In this contest,
however, Hitler appears to have much
more Influence than the aged presi
dent, who is more and more becoming
RESIGNATIONS from the Demo
cratic national committee seem to
be In order and some have already
been received. The President let It
be known that he did not approve of
members of that body opening law
offices in Washington and apparently
trading on their supposed Influence
with the administration. Robert Jack
son announced his resignation as sec
retary and committeeman from New
Hampshire, and Frank O. Walker said
he had resigned ns treasurer in order to
devote full time to his work as chair
man of the President's national execu
tive council. J. Bruce Kremer, prac
ticing law in the Capital, resigned
some weeks ago as member for Mon
tana. Postmaster General Jim Far
ley, It was said, wants to quit as na
tional chairman, but Mr. Roosevelt
may not permit this. Arthur Mullen,
committeeman from Nebraska and vice
chairman of the committee, and Or
man Ewing, member from Utah, both
have established law offices In the
Capital and it would not be surprising
if they resigned from the national com
Senators boraii of iduho, Nor
ris of Nebraska and Nye of North
Dakota, all independent Republicans
whose support has been counted on
generally by the administration, have
started a concerted attack on the NRA,
charging that Its codes foster monoj>
olies and result In forcing the small
dealers out of business. Their flght
is not against the President and his
policies, but against Gen. Hugh John
son, Nil A administrator, upon whom
they place the blame for the faults
they say have developed;
PRACTICALLY without opposition,
a measure was put through the
house and senate extending the life
of the Reconstruction Finance corpora
tion for another year and providing it
with $850,000,000 of new capital. There
was little debate, and in the house
only Louis T. McFadden of Pennsyl
vania voted against the bill.
BIRTH control has been put up to
both congress and the President
A bill designed to promote it by re
pealing certain clauses of the penal
code has been introduced and hear- ?
ings started; and a committee headed |
by Mrs. Thomas N. Hepburn of Con
necticut and Mrs. Margaret Sanger
carried to the White House a resolu
tion from the birth control and na
tional recovery conference in Washing
ton asking Mr. Roosevelt's support for
ITALO BALBO, the bearded Italian air
marshal who commanded the great
mass flight from Italy to Chicago and
back last summer and thereby became
too popular to suit
has made his peace
with the Duce and has
assumed his new du
ties as the governor
of Libya In north Af
rica. He crossed the
Mediterranean in state
on the new cruiser Al
berto di Glussano with
another cruiser in es
cort, and when he
landed was received
by all the Italian officials in the colony
and a colorful gathering of the native
Balbo, who Is just thirty-seven years
old, replaces Marshal Pietro Badogllo
as Libyan governor. While a new line
of activity, it will be a job with an
opening for him, for Mussolini wants
to make Africa in time an outlet for
O EPUBLICAN members of the house
"? ways and means committee pro
posed two Important tax reforms. A
constitutional amendment authorizing
the taxation of federal and state gov
ernment bonds was suggested by Rep
resentative Allen T. Treadway, with
the statement that there are now some
$40,000,000,000 of such securities out
standing and free from taxation.
Representative Isaac Bacharach pro
posed the restoration to the federal
tax laws of a credit against earned
Income. His plan, Mr. Bacharach de
clared, would lighten materially the
tax burden of the small salaried class
without seriously cutting into present
income tax revenues.
TWO thousand or more persons were
killed and 10,000 injured by violent
earthquakes that shook all parts of
India. The full measure of the dis
aster will not be known for some time,
but airplane surveys revealed that
many cities and towns had been vir- j
tually destroyed. In some regions the |
devastation was Increased by floods
resulting from the temblors. Com
munication system were shattered and i
there was great danger of pestilence j
and starvation among the survivors.
PUERTO RICO has a new governor
who may please the islanders better
than did Robert H. Core. He Is Oen.
Blanton Winship, former judge advo
cate general of the army, and a man
of experience in insular affairs. He
served in Cuba and the Philippines as
an adviser to the highest American
officials in those parts. Also he was a
military aide to President Coolidge.
President Roosevelt also selected a
new chief of the Weather bureau in
Washington in the person of Willis O.
Gregg. He succeeds Dr. Charles F.
CAMILLE CHAUTKMPS, fighting
desperately to save his French
government after the great Bayonne
pawnshop scandal, promised the rham
her of deputies to
clean up that affair,
and thereupon was
eiven a vote of con
fidence. 'W) against
'220. The vote came
an the government's i
apposition to the ere- 1
fit ion of a parliamen
tary commission to in
restipate the collapse
if the Bayonne lnstl- I
tution, the death of j
its founder. Serge
fHandsome Alex) Sta
visky, and the part several deputies j
have accused high officials of taking !
in the affair. The premier insisted
that such a commission would not pet
to the bottom of the charges.
The premier promised to investigate
the affair personally and to spare no
names. During the heated debate he
admitted there had been looseness and
poor functioning of various services,
but denied the charges of corruption.
C by Weitern Newspaper Union.
Ice Chapel Is Built by Students
STUDENTS of Lawrence college at Apploton, Wis., have erected this hand
some chapel on the campus, using more than G2 tons of Ice. The structure,
which is 18 feet high, is lighted at night by 20,000 watts of white and colored
THORNTON W. BURGESS
THE BEECH-NUT PICNIC
OVER In a certain part of the Green
Forest grow silver-barked beeches,
the trees that Peter Rabbit thinks are
the most beautiful of all trees that In
winter are bare of leaves. Already
they were partly bare and the leaves
which still clung to them were crisp
and yellow. The beech trees, like
Johnny Chuck, were about ready to go
to sleep for the winter. You see, their
summer's work was about finished. In
fact. It was quite finished, for beneath
them hiding among the crisp fallen
leaves were ever and ever so many
ripe, brown, three-sided little nuts, the
"My, but This Is Going to Be Some
sweetest little nuts In the world. That
Is what Buster Bear says, anyway,
but perhaps he Isn't a fair judge.
Those brown three-sided little nuts
were the gift of the silver-barked
beech trees, for the Joy and well-being
of some of their feathered and furred
neighbors. All summer long those lit
tle nuts had been growing In little
prickly husks on the beautiful beech
trees. At first, they had been green,
but with the coming of fall they had
turned brown. Now had come Jack
Frost of a still October night and
opened the prickly little husks. Mer
ry Little Breezes had shaken out the
little brown nuts and they had rattled
merrily down through the branches to
the ground and rolled this way and
rolled that way under the crisp fallen
Now, many sharp eyes had been
watching those little husks on the
beech trees and waiting for the com
ing of Jack Frost to open them. The
owners of those sharp eyes knew when
Jack Frost did come. Of course. He
always makes his arrival known by i
going about and slyly pinching all )
whom h^ may find, just by way of I
greeting. So very early in the morn
ing after Jack Frost had opened the
little prickly husks, many feet turned
toward that part of the Green Forest
where grow the beautiful beech trees,
and some wings were turned In that
direction, too. It was the day of the
annual beech-nut picnic.
Chatterer, the Red .Squirrel, and his
bi^ cousin. Happy Jack, the Gray
Squirrel, started just as soon as it
was light enough to see. but early as
they were, they found Mrs. Grouse
and family there before them. Hard
ly had they arrived when Sammy Jay
appeared and. 1 am sorry to say, he
and Chatterer at once began to call
each other names. Then came Red
head, a cousin of Drummer, the Wood
pecker, who is very fond of beech nuts.
Big Tom, the Gobbler, and .Mrs. Gob
bler and their whole family of young
Gobblers, now nearly as big as their
parents, were the next to arrive, and j
Chatterer greeted them with a perfect 1
When Babies Take
By ANNE CAMPBELL
OUIt neighborhood, when afternoon
Flings down Its golden banner,
Is quiet as a day in June,
Quite in the rustic manner!
There are no eager, laughing girls.
No lusty little chaps
To tease them and to pull their curls.
When babies take their naps!
All morning they run up nnd down
Our happy neighborhood,
And many of the mothers frown,
And wist they would be good!
They run and run. and never rest,
Till mother's voice sounds "Taps!"
And brings the time we like the best,
When babies take their naps!
There Is no neighborhood so gay
As this, where children run.
We I've to see them as they play,
Their bright heads In the sun.
Rut still It Is a pleasant lull.
When In their mothers' laps
They're sung to sleep. . . . It's
When babies take their naps!
storm of abuse, to which they didn't
p?y the least attention. Chatterer
simply wasted his breath.
Presently there was a rustle of
leaves, and who should appear but
Lightfoot, the Deer. Unc' Billy and
Mrs. Possum arrived a few minutes
later, their sharp eyes twinkling greed
ily. Whitefoot, the Wood Mouse, was
there, though he took [tains to keep
out of sight. Of course, Peter Babbit
was there. Not that Peter was at all
Interested In those sweet, brown nuts.
Peter doesn't eat nuts, you know. He
was there Just because he couldn't stay
away. lie wanted to see what was
Last of all, shuffling along with fun
ny grunts and whines of eagerness, j
came IJuster Bear. Buster Bear Is |
very fond of beech nuts, and he had ,
be n counting on these to help make ]
him fat for the long winter sleep
ahead of him.
"My, but this Is going to be some
picnic!" murmured Peter Babbit.
?. 1934. by T. W. Burgess.?WNU Service.
HOW TO COOK EGGS
THE secret of egg cookery lies In
the simple principle, which is a
rule with all protein foods, never to
rook them at a high temperature, as
heat toughens and hardens protein
foods. Eggs, being the most delicate
of these foods, should have especial
care in cooking. When we speak of
eggs as boiled hard or soft, we do not
mean boiled at all. Eggs will cook
hard at 170 to 180 degrees, depending
upon the length of time to which they
have been subjected to the heat. Eggs
to be cooked in the shell, If desired
hard, should be placed in a saucepan,
using one pint of boiling water for
each egg that is of room temperature
when put into the water; if taken from
the ice chest, more boiling water will
be needed to cook the egg. Cover
closely and let stand on the back of
the range or in a warm place for 311
minutes. The egg is then hard cooked,
but the white will be tender and eas
ily digested. If a soft-cooked egg of
various softness is desired, remove at
six. ten or twelve minutes. Once the
principle is learned Tor cooking eggs in
the shell it is learnVd-4i>Pother forms.
Low temperature, below the boiling
point. Is used for poached eggs. When
cooking foods with eggs, place the dish
in water, especially in the oven cook
ing. A successful meringue is one that
expands by long slow cooking In the
oven for 20 minutes in an oven of 250
to 300 degrees.
Ragout of Eggs.
Cook two cupfuls of mushrooms in
three tn^lespoonfuls of butter, moisten
a tablespoonful of flour with a little
from a half-cupful of milk, add to the
mushrooms, season with salt and pap
rika, add the remainder of the milk,
a little grated onion. Cut six hard
cooked eggs into halves, removing the
yolks. Place the whites on a hot plat
ter hollow-side up. Fill the centers
with the mushroom mixture, pour the
remainder around the eggs. Put the
yolks through a sieve and sprinkle
over the mixture. Garnish with parsley.
?. 1934. Western Newspaper Union.
Instinct Is when a man marries a
woman, and habit is when he hangs
his hat on the same peg every night
when he comes home.
BONERS are actual humorous
tid-bits found in examination pa
pers, essays, etc., by teachers.
An author Is a person who has lost
both father and mother.
? ? ?
A rhombus Is a figure having four
? ? ?
Caesar received no particular re
ward for the things he had accom
Glazed drapery chintz In Creole red
and orange makes this gay quilted eve
ning Jacket, worn with a ribbed crepe
frock with neck-line very high at front.
' sootimo oeico W
' 1 Ciik cocoomf I
That a death penalty for
any peraon revealing the
methods of the aDc worm
industry enabled the On
neae to keep them secret
for 2000 years. The culture
extends 5000 years into
the past, although the d?r?
assigned to its beginning by
the Chinese is the reign of
Emperor Huang-Ti. 2356,
j pilsbed, s? uniting with Pompey he
j held a grand triumvirate.
? ? ?
Doctor Fa Mancha is the present
emperor of China.
A tenant farmer rents a small tene
! ment House and produces a garden in
his own back yard.
. . .
i a mask is a kind of literature that
starts In the middle of a story and
! ends with some one dying.
? ? ?
I Linen is cooler in summer because
it Is cooler.
J C.llli.IlcilgJt}U.cate.?WSC Ssrrten.
Centenary Stamp Abandoned
Tlie United States and Great Brit
ain had. in l'J 14, passed through a
hundred years without actual gunplay,
and it was considered a feat worthy of
a special postage stamp. This was de
| signed, and plates were made, but be
' fore printing actually started, news
came that the uations of Europe were
j lining tip to try out their military *
i equipment. It hardly seemed to be
lite time to brag about peace, and the
i issue of stamps was abandoned.
Even the Tots Enjoy W inter Golf in Florida
i innn ni?n urn m\mtm nflHiriwr
WINTER golf In Florida Is by no means monopolized by grownup folks. This photograph, Uiken during a Juvenile
tournament on the Bay shore course at Miami fBeach, shows Bobbie Little shooting one out of a sand trap as an
enthusiastic gallery lo^ks o*. i 4