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The Alamance gleaner
VOI T XT
GRAHAM, N, C., THURSDAY MAY 2, 1935. NO. 13.
* a .
News Review of Current
Events the World Over
President Reveals Plans for Work Relief Program?Frank
- Walker His Chief Aid?Auto Workers
Strike in Toledo.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
?. Weitern Newspaper Union.
PLANS for spending the $4,880,000,
000 work relief fund are being made
rapidly, parts of the general scheme
being revealed to the public almost
_________ every day. The Presl
dent will be the final
arbiter but practically
all the federal agen
cies will participate
and three new ones
have been announced
by Mr. Roosevelt.These
will handle rural re
habilitation, rural elec
trification and grade
ouauiug ai uic
Frank Walker president's right hand
Is Frank C. Walker, former treas
urer of the Democratic party. He has
replaced Donald Richberg as chairman
of the National Emergency council and
Is the head of a new division in that
body known as the division of applica
tion and Information. Dnder his direc
tion all proposals will be sorted out
and data on them from various gov
ernment units will be co-ordinated.
Then they will be handed on, with
Mr. Walker's recommendations, to a
new works allotment board which Is
headed by Secretary Harold Ickes.
These two additions to the alphabet
groups in Washington are known a?
DAI and WAB.
In a press conference the President
named these eight types of work which
will be undertaken, with the amount
of money to be spent on each:
1. Highways, roads, streets, grade
crossing elimination, and express high
2. Rural rehabilitation, relief In
stricken agricultural areas, water con
servation, water diversion, irrigation,
reclamation, rural industrial communi
ties, and subsistence homesteads, $500,
3. Rural electrification, $100,000,000.
4. Housing, low cost housing in rural
and urban areas, reconditioning, and
5. Assistance for educational, pro
fessional, and clerical persons and
other "white collar" unemployed, $300,
6. Citizen Conservation corps, $600,
7. Sanitation, soil erosion, stream
pollution, reforestation, flood control,
rivers and harbors, $350,000,000.
8. Loans, grants, or both, to cities,
counties, states, ana otner political
subdivisions fog public works, $900,
The rural rehabilitation work will
be directed by Rexford G. Tugwell, un
der-secretary of - agriculture, and he
will not be responsible to Secretary
Wallace but will have a free hand to
carry out his schemes for moving fam
ilies from marginal lands, shifting '
stranded industrial workers to new,
planned rural communities and build
ing cities outside of large urban cen
ters to relieve slum congestion.
Appointment of Mr. Walker leaves
Mr. Richberg free, as the President
said, to devote his time to the NRA '
during the period of pending legisla
tion in congress and litigation in the
ItGANIZED labor opened its at
w-' tempt to obtain recognition in the
automobile Industry with a strike of |
workers in the Toledo plant of the |
Chevrolet Motor company. The fac
tory was closed down Immediately,
though only a part of the force Joined
in the strike. Union pickets were
placed about it, but city police and |
deputy sheriffs were on hand to see i
that there was no disorder.
President Sloan of General Motors
corporation issued this statement in
"The vital question Involved Is
whether General Motors corporation is
willing to sign an agreement for a [
closed shop recognizing the local union
as the exclusive representative of all (
the employees of the Toledo plant
This General Motors will not do." i
The union, in a lengthy statement
said its committee "has done every- i
thing in its power to meet with the i
management and to secure an amicable I
and fair adjustment of the matter of
wages, hours and union recognition I
and various other grievances. I
"The management refused to sign a i
contract of any kind and flatly refused <
every section of the proposed contract i
wl th the exception of two minor points." i
The company offered to make wage <
readjustments and give a 5 per cent <
general wage increase, show no dls- '
crimination against union men, and i
agreed to respect seniority rights as
provided by the automobile labor board, i
Secretary Perkins sent Thomas J. 1
Williams, Labor department concilia
tor, to Toledo to see what might be
done. President Green of the A. F. of
L. said there was grave danger that
the Toledo strike might spread to
other automotive plants.
Leo C. Wollman, chairman of the
National Automobile Labor board, re
ported that that body had completed
a canvass of 163,150 workers in Amer
ican automobile plants and found
that 68.6 per cent of them showed no
affiliation with any labor organization.
The various employees' associations
grouped together ranked second with
21,774 members, equal to 13.3 per cent
of the total. The American Federation
of Labor was third with 14,057, or 8.6
per cent, while the Associated Automo
bile Workers of America were fourth
with 6,083, or 3.7 per cent. The re
mainder of the vote was split between
the Mechanics Educational society and
ten other unions.
WITHOUT benefit of gag rule but
with perfect party discipline, the
administration's social security bill
was jammed through the house sub
niauLiawjr as rresiueui
Roosevelt wants It
The final vote was 372
to 33. It may be some
weeks before It Is
passed by the senate,
for the senate finance
committee, to which It
was referred, Is busy
Just now with NRA
extension and veter
ans' bonus payment.
Leadlnc features of
the measure as passed ?ea er
by the house are: Byrns
Grants to states for old age assist
ance (pensions) on a 50-50 basis, but
for no individual will the federal gov
ernment's share exceed $15 per month.
Compulsory old age benefits for per
sons over sixty-five on basis of salary
earned during working lifetime, pay
ments ranging from $15 to $85 a month.
Income tax on pay rolls of employees
starting with 1 per cent In 1937 and
graduated upward to 3 per cent In
1949; excise tax on employers In same
amounts. This will mean a total pay
roll tax of 6 per cent by 1949.
Unemployment Insurance. Tax on
employer of 1 per cent on pay rolls
In 1936, 2 per cent for 193., and 3 per
Social security board as new bureau
of government in the executive branch
with three members appointed by the
Federal grants to states for mater
nal and child health service, an appro
priation of $3,800,000.
Federal grants to states for public
health service, an appropriation of
Speaker Byrns and other majority
leaders were elated by the Immense
majority by which the bill carried be
cause, as they asserted, It was put
through without any pressure from the
White House. Mr. Byrns said: "We
got no orders from the President, so
help me Almighty God."
GEN. W. W. ATTERBURY, veteran
official of the Pennsylvania rail
road, has retired as president of the
company eight months before that
would have heen nec
?ssary under its regu
lations, because of ill
health. The directors
Martin W. Clement to
succeed him. The new
president of the great
system was born 53
years ago in Sunbury,
Pa., and entered the
service of the road In
1901 as a rodman. His
? ,ement promotion was steady
and nine years ago he became the vice
General Atterbury had this to say
of his successor:
"Since he became vice president.
Clement has been intimately associated
with me In conducting the company's
affairs and in onr relations with the
other railroads and with the govern
"The remarkable results achieved
oy the company last year, one of the
most difficult periods the railroad has
aver experienced, were largely due to
Clement's leadership. His manifest
capabilities have commended him not
only to his associate directors and offi
cers, but also to the executives of
other railroads with whom he has been
working In recent years in the interest
of the railroad Industry as a whole.
"Moreover, he enjoys the confidence,
?espect and co-operation of the entire
Pennsylvania railroad organization."
FATHER COUGHLIN, the "radio
priest" of Detroit, staged the first
state meeting of his National Union for
Social Justice In Olympla stadium In
his home town, and more than 150,000
enthusiastic supporters crowded Into
the edifice to hear him tell how he pro
posed to right the wrongs of the peo
ple. On the platform with the cru
sading cleric were Senators Elmer
Thomas of Oklahoma and Gerald P.
Nye of North Dakota, and Represent
atives William Connery of Massachu
setts, Martin L. Sweeney of Ohio,
Thomas O'Malley of Wisconsin and
William Lemke of North Dakota.
The priest put forward the National
union as a definite political weapon
aimed at the money power and at
Father Coughlin has been endorsed
by the bishop of Detroit.
SENATOR HUEY LONG delivered
his much advertised attack on the
President and the administration be
fore a crowd that Jammed the senate
cuaujuer. xie was lim
ited to 40 minutes, but
In that time he used
a lot of language. Aft
er describing Ickea,
Farley, Wallace and
General Johnson In
terms not very funny,
the "Klngflsh" assailed
Mr. Roosevelt as per
sonally responsible for
what he called a plan
to force the state of
Louisiana to yield to l"onB
corruption and debauchery. He threat
ened a tax rebellion In his realm It
there were further federal encroach
ments in the matter of controlling the
expenditure of federal loans for state
Huey charged that the administra
tion was concerned solely with con
trolling the expenditures In Louisiana
In such manner as to Insure winning
the election In 1936.
"They could go down there and spend
the whole five billion and they could
not win that election," he said.
Senator Long now indicates that he
has no desire to head a third party next
year unless that should be necessary
to bring about the defeat of President
Roosevelt. He says he would gladly
join with the Republicans if they would
nominate Senator Borah.
Governor talmadge of Geor
gia, one of the most vociferous
Democratic denouncers of President
Roosevelt and the New Deal, has a
strong supporter In Tom Llnder, the
Georgia commissioner of agriculture.
In the department's official farm bul
letin, that gentleman sent to the farm
ers of the state a message that "we
still have the rleht to secede" from
The statement was carried In a foot
note to a long article written by Lin
der in which he drew a comparison be
tween the Democratic administration
in Washington and the Russian gov
The secession reference was in the
nature of resentment against a recent
ruling by the United States Supreme
court reversing Alabama courts In the
Scottsboro case on the ground colored
citizens were excluded from Juries.
UNDER a new law the German Nazis
are suppressing the entire church
press of the country, Catholic and Prot
estant, and also all Jewish organs,
either religious or racial. The edict
signed by Max Amann, president of the
relch press chamber and manager of
the Nazi party's publishing organiza
tion, is designed to monopolize the
reich's publications for Nazi ideas and
make them legally subject to Nazi dic
The law provides that "church or
professional newspapers as well as pa
pers intended for groups of subscrib
ers with certain Interests, henceforth
are forbidden." The Nazi party and
its organizations are not subject to the
KING GEORGE of England, it ap
pears, had no desire for an elab
orate and costly celebration of his sil
ver jubilee, such as was planned by the
cauiuei cuDuaiiuw, auu
now he and Prime
have ordered that the
affair shall be very
"quiet." His majesty
was not consulted at
first, and when be
heard there were
strong protests from
the northern shires es
pecially against such .
a wasteful expendl
ng vjeorg* tU[.e of money ]n har(j
times, he was exceedingly irate and
wanted to call off the whole affair.
This could not be done, but the cele
bration will be nothing like what the
cabinet committee had Intended.
The king has forbidden garter king
at arms, the duke of Norfolk, and oth
er high officers of state of the cere
monial department to bare anything to
do with the lubllee. Be has refused j
to have the peers of the realm In their
robes for the presentation of sddresses
from the bouses of parliament He
has refused to robe himself for the oc
Ancient Sumerian Statues Shewn in Chicago
THESE Sumerlan statues, 5.0U0 years
old, exhibiting considerable artistic
competence, have been placed in the
museum of the Oriental Institute of
the University of Chicago. They are
part of a hoard of sacred Images with
out parallel among known Babylonian
works of art, and were discovered by
the Iraq expedition of the Oriental
Institute, under the field directorship of
dad, Iraq. Renovation of the shrine
of the god of Abu, Lord of Fertility,
at Tell Asmar, sometime between 3000
and 2800 B. CM saved a large number
of the statues. Because they had been
consecrated they could not be thrown
away or sold, and so they were burled
under the floor of the shrine, to re
main until the Institute expedition un
Prof. Henri Frankfort at Tell Asmar
and Khafaje, within 25 miles of Bag
Bedtime Story for Children
By THORNTON W. BURGESS
DANNY CROSSES THE
Look long enough and hard enough,
You'll always find a way
To reach the place or get the thing
You're hoping that you may,
DANNY MEADOW MOUSE peeped
out from under the tangle of
matted grass back toward the Smiling
Pool. Plunger the Osprey was rising
higher and higher In the air and there
was nothing in his great claws. It was
clear that he had failed to catch the
"I'm glad of It," muttered Danny,
which, when you think of It, was rath
er funny, for the Big Pickerel had
been watching for Danny himself and
would have liked nothing better than
to hare snapped his big Jaws on him.
But Danny knew so well what It felt
like to be hunted that though he was
rather glad that the Big Pickerel had
been given a fright, he was also glad
that he had escaped.
Of Billy Mink, Snapper the Turtle
and the Big Pickerel he could see
nothing at all and rightly guessed that
all were In hiding. Reddy Fox was
sitting on the opposite bank, look
ing up at Plunger and grinning In the
most provoking way.
"They've forgotten about poor lit
tle me," thought Danny and his heart
stopped plt-a-patting quite so fast.
"The thing for me to do Is to keep
going while the going Is good. I've
got to get across to the other side but
I don't dare swim across the Smiling
Pool. The Laughing Brook comes In
right here and if I keep on following
along the bank perhaps I will find a
place where I can cross It without
having to swim. It Isn't the water but
the things In the water I fear." Dan
ny shuddered as he thought of the Big
As Boon as he had quite recovered
his breath he started on, darting from
one hiding place to another, here a
bunch of grass, there a big mullein
leaf, yonder a piece of bark, and again
a pile of sticks. He never stopped out
In the open. No Indeed. That would
have been the very worst kind of
Meadow Mouse folly!
Now the water in the Laughing
Brook ran swiftly In places, leaped In
merry little falls, or seemingly rested
in quiet pools, but for a long, long
way it offered no crossing-place for a
tired little Meadow Mouse who was
afraid to swim because of hungry fish
who might be watching. Though he
rested often, Danny grew more and
All afternoon he traveled and he
was getting Just a little discouraged
and almost a little hopeless when Just
as the Black Shadows came creeping
silently through the Green Forest he
came to a bridge. It was only an old
log which had fallen across the Laugh
ing Brook, but for Danny it was a
real bridge. He looked this way, that
way and the other way. He listened
with both ears. Then he scampered
across and gave a tiny sigh of thank
fulness. ye was on the home side at
?. T. W. Burgesfi.?WNU Service.
e^YOU Know? j
That until the invention of
matches, fire-making in the
American colonies was quite
a laborious task. The Indian
produced fire by twirling a
stick held firmly against a
piece of wodd. To give the
stick a rapid motion he
wrapped a bow-string about
it and then drew the bow
swiftly to and fro. The white
settlers' method was the
striking together of flint and
C- McCIom Newspaper ffrndlcat*.
VARIOUS GOOD THINGS
A SALAD may be made from so
** many different food combinations
that one need never be at a loss for
one. An apple, a few dates, a slice of
mild onion, will make a most tasty
combination. A slice of tomato, topped
with chopped onion and celery, or
chopped cucumber and onion, a bit
of chopped preen pepper and any
dressing at hand will make another.
Arrange alternate slices of orange
and tomato on lettuce. Sprinkle with
finely chopped celery and serve with
Scald one cupful of milk with one
tablespoonful of coffee and strain. Add
four and one half tablespoonfuls of
tapioca, a dash of salt, and cook until
the tapioca is clear, stirring frequent
ly. Now add one-third of a cupful of
sugar, cool, add three beaten egg yolks
and fold in the stiffly beaten whites.
Pour into a greased baking dish and
bake in hot water in a moderate oven
for one hour. Serve with:
Combine one and one-half cupfuls
of milk, three egg yolks beaten slightly,
one-third of a cupful of sugar, one
eighth teaspoonful of salt, one-fourth
teaspoonful of vanilla, added after the
above mixture has cooked In a dou
ble boiler until the mixture coats the
spoon. Chill, fold In one-fourth of a
cupful of cream Just before serving.
Pour three tahlespoonfuls of lemon
Juice over one-half pound of crab meat.
Melt four tahlespoonfuls of butter in a
saucepan, add the crab meat, one tea
spoonful of salt, two chopped red pep
pers and a dash of white pepper. Cook
for 20 minutes.
Boll one cupful of honey, two cup
fuls of sugar, one-half cupful of or
ance juice until It forms a soft ball
In cold water, or when It ?eaches 240
F. on the candy thermometer. Re
move from the fire and pour over two
stiffly beaten egg whites. Beat until
thick, add two cupfuls of chopped rais
ins and 20 marsbmallows shredded.
Cut Into squares before It hardens.
?, Western Newspaper Union. ?
Second to Strike Oil
Colorado was the second state to
strike oil In the United States.
We're Going to the
By ANNE CAMPBELL
WE'RE going to the circus!
We'll sit In the front row.
We'll take In the concessions.
And see the Wild West show.
It's to oblige the children !
That's what we always say,
But grown-ups are all happy
When It Is Circus day!
I thought I loved the circus.
When, as a small town girl,
I watched the glittering parade,
The gilded, motley whirl;
But circuses afforded
Only a little Joy
Compared with this enchantment,
Shared with my girl and boy.
We're going to the circus!
We'll Xnke the neighborhood.
There's Pat and Phil and Barry,
And Dick, If he Is good.
And as I buy them peanuts,
And share their childish zest.
IT! know that youth Is lovely,
But growing old is best!
By ED WYNN...
THt Perfect Fool
Dear Mr. Wynn:
I visited a nighi club, In New York,
and the thing that puzzled me was
how can they 11 the guests from the
waiters, as they both wear evening
Answer: That is very simple. The
waiters stay sober.
Dear Mr. Wynn:
I've been invited to go swimming In
a body of water where I heard there
were a lot of sharks. Rather than be
called a coward 1 have decided to ac
cept the invitation. Can you tell me
what to do if a shark grabs me by the
IKE N. FLOAT.
Answer: Ry all means let him have
it Never argue with a shark.
Dear Mr. Wynn:
While walking along the railroad
tracks I happened to look to one side
and there I saw three men sleeping
on plies of coal, which had been taken
from freight cars the day before. What
do you make out of that?
Answer: They were probably laying
in their winter's coal.
Dear Mr. Wynn:
Please explain what Is meant by
"The Minimum Wage"?
CAL. S. THENNICKS.
Answer: The minimum wage Is the
money you get for "going" to work.
If you want more money, why then
of course, you have to work after yoe
get to where you are "going."
the Associated Newspapers.
"A lot or us Kick about the lengtft
of church services," says pious Polly,
"while others don't care how late they
sleep Sunday mornings."
?. Bell Syndicate?WNU Service.
WOOL STREET DRESS
This charming street dress of bine -
wool has an unusual color combina
tion destined to be popular ^thls sea
son. The leather belt Is of ddrker blue
and the blouse peeking out is of red
silk. Tbe blue Milan straw bat is to
Smoke Stack His "Home, Sweet Home"
HERE is a man, unemployed, who lives In a huge smoke stack, the relic
of an ocean liner. In Portland, Ore. Be boarded up both ends of It and
put a door on one end?thus giving him a room 600 feet long.