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? GRAHAM, IS, C., THURSDAY MAY 30, 1935. ^
News Review of Current
Events the World Over
Roosevelt's Veto of Bonus Bill Overridden by House,
Upheld by Senate?Ford Boosts Wages??
Hitler's Peace Program.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
? Western Newspaper Union.
^ r> I a uew yitreucui, rrcsiueilt
^ Roosevelt "acted as his own mes
senger" and personally returned to
Speaker Byrne the Patman bonus
measure wan ms dis
approval. Before a
joint session of the
house and senate and
crowded galleries the
Chief Executive read
his veto message, an
able and well ordered
document in which he
set forth bis convic
tion that "the welfare
of the nation as well
nn thf* fntiirp wplfnrp
Preiident tj,e veterans wholly
I Rooseve justifies my disapprov
al of this measure." Asserting that an
able-bodied citizen, even though he
wore a uniform, should not be accord
ed treatment different from that of
other citizens, he said:
"The veteran who is disabled owes
his condition to the war. The healthy
veteran who Is unemployed owes his
troubles to the depression. Any at
tempt to mingle the two problems Is
to confuse our efforts."
Mr. Roosevelt's stern warning
against the dangers of inflation inher
ent in the measure was listened to In
silence, though there was mild ap
lause at other times. All his argu
ment was In vain so far as the house
was concerned, for as he left the
chamber there were quick demands for
a vote and by the time he had reached
the White House the representatives
had overridden his veto and again
passed the bill by a vote of 322 to 98.
In the affirmative were 248 Democrats,
64 Republicans, 1 Progressives and 3
Farmer-Laborites. Those voting to
sustain the veto were 60 Democrats
and 38 Republicans.
The re passed bill was laid before
the senate by Vice President Garner,
and Senator Tbomas Insisted on the
reading of the veto message in that
body. Action was postponed for one
day because a lot of the senators
wanted to make speeches.
The debate In the senate was long
and perfervld, and quite unnecessary
because the result of the vote had been
a certainty for several days. Fifty
four senators voted to override the
veto; but 40 supported the President,
and only 32 were needed to kill the
measure. Three members had switched
over from their stand when the bill
was first passed. Thay were Pittman
of Nevada, Pope of Idaho and Coolidge
of Massachusetts, all Democrats. The
only absentee was Norbeck of South
DONUS advocates and inflationists
were prepared for further action
In various ways. One plan was the In
troduction of a bill to draw $2,000,000,
000 to pay the bonus from the work
relief appropriation, out of which the
President has already approved the
allocation of about $1,000,000,000 for
Immediate work projects. Other
measures, as riders to navy or legisla
tll-A U : 11 ~ homo
u>c upi 1UL1UU UIII3, ?XIC i"=ius
drafted. So there wa3 a prospect of a
great tangle In the administration's
IV ITS annual statement the Ford
Motor company discloses that it
made a gain of $3,759,311 in 1934 over
the previous year, to a total of $380,
270,391. Just before these figures were
made public, the company announced
that the minimum dally wage of Its
employees would be raised from $3 a
day to $6, adding $2,000,000 a month
to the pay roll. The Ford and Lincoln
plants in Detroit and all other cities
share In this revision of the wage scale.
Henry Ford began boosting the wage
scale back In 1914, and in answer to
adverse criticism of economists, he
made the pay Increases a policy of his
company. He put the minimum wage
at $6 in 1919 and ten years later raised
It to $7, where it remained until the
end of 1931. With the depression it
fell back to $4, but In March, 1934, a
raise to $5 was made.
VjlSS JANE ADDAMS, "first citizen
of Chicago," International famed
as a social worker and peace advocate,
hag gone to her reward, and her pass
ing is deeply mourned by the many
thousands of poor and unfortunate per
sons for whom she had made life more
endurable. She started ber real life
*ork in 1889 among the Italians and
other foreigners on Chicago's West
aide, founding Hull House, which grew
into the most famous social settlement
In America. Later her activities were
extenaea to the amelioration of sweat !
shop conditions, the child labor prob 1
lem, and then to the matter of inter- I
national peace. During the war she 1
was made president of the women's in
ternational peace conference at The '
Hague, and she Interviewed the officials J
of virtually every one of the belllger- I
ent nations. Three times she presided t
at the sessions of the International '
Congress of Women, and she was prom- 1
lnent in many hnmanitarian move- '
ments. But it is as the head of Hull -
House and the tireless friend of the ?
poor and underprivileged that her mem- :
: ory will live longest '
GOV. MARTIN L. DA VET of Ohio
withdrew the warrant charging
Federal Relief Administrator Harry
Hopkins with criminal libel, so the ad- i
ministrator was able to visit Cleveland 1
and make a speech without being ar- I
rested. The governor said that "all '
I the objectives which were sought have J
been accomplished and no good purpose
can be served by carrying on guerilla 1
FIRST of the list of projects to be
undertaken under the works relief '
j program is the Passamaquoddy tidal J
power scheme, and there Is a lot of | '
grumbling because it
was placed at the
head of the line by
the President himself.
This project was once
turned down as un
economic by Secretary
Ickes, the assertion
being that It would
cost too much in com
parison with the re
turns that might be
expected, would take
too long for comple- MaJ?r neming
tlon and was In a region where so ,
much work relief was not needed. But ?
Mr. Roosevelt, whose Campobello sum
mer cottage is near the location of
the proposed dam site, is said to be
personally interested in the project,
believing it will bring new industries
to the area.
Anyhow, this big Maine project is to
go ahead, and Maj. Philip B. Fleming
of the army engineers corps has been
chosen to take charge of the construc
tion. Major Fleming has been serving
in the PWA for some time but has
been released for this Eastport work.
IX ADDITION to the Passamaquoddy
project, calling for $10,000,000, about
a billion dollars in work relief allot
ments were given verbal approval by
the President, these having been favor
ably passed by on by the allotment
board. Included in this program are
extensive rivers and harbor works
throughout the country, and a $100,
000,000 Integrated works program for
Wisconsin. The latter was planned by
Senator La Follette and his brother,
Governor La Follette, and approved by
IN AN executive oroer tntr i rmucui
established pay rates under the $4,
880,000,000 work-relief measure, dividing
the country Into four sections In set
ting regional wages. Pay will range
from $19 a month for unskilled labor
ers in the South to $94 a month for
professional and technical workers in
the East. The wages will be from 20
to 30 per cent below the prevailing
wage rate structure throughout the
O EICHSFUEHItER HITI.ER, ap
pearing before the reichstag, out
lined a 13 point program for disarm
ament and the improvement of inter
national relations, and did it so well
It cannot well be ignored by the other
nations of Europe. He again rejected
the resolution of the League of Nations
council condemning him for the re
arming of Germany, but said Germany
might return to the league if that body
divorced itself from the principles of
the Versailles treaty and from the
"psychology of victors and vanquished"
and "after Germany is granted full
equality rights, extending to all func
tions and privileges in international
To the great satisfaction of Great
Britain, Hitler promised to respect the
territorial clauses of the Versailles
treaty, which, he said, could not be
modified by unilateral action. He de
clared Germany was willing to sign
non-aggression pacts with all her neigh
bora except Lithuania, and to agree to
an arms embargo "if others would do
the same. Also the reich Is ready to
sign an air convention supplementing
the Locarno pact
pTHIOI'IA, In a note to the League of
Nations council, defied the Italian
war preparations and gave warning
that she "would yield neither to Intimi
dation nor to violence." Capt. Anthony
Eden and Pierre Laval tried In vain to
persuade Baron Aloisi, Italian delegate,
to accept a gift of exclusive economic
privileges in Ethiopia In exchange for
saving the league's face and keeping
a united front in Europe. The states
men in Geneva began to believe there
was no way of stopping Mussolini's Af
rican adventure. The Itome govern
ment is decidedly exasperated against
Great Britain, charging that the Brit
ish are promoting the shipment of war
materials to Ethiopia through British
somaliland. Euiperor Ilalle Selassie
las Just bought a large fleet of bombing
>lanes from Turkey, some of whieli
sere sold to the Turks by British firms.
\| AXEUVERS of the Pacific fleet
were marred by another fatal air
flane accident. A seaplane plunged into
he ocean 40 miles south of Midway ls
and and the six members of its crew
vere lost. The victims were: Lieut.
Harry Brandenburger, Lieut. Charles
I. Kelly, Aviation Chief Machinist's
Hate P. C. Litts, Chief Radioman C.
if. Derry, First Machinist's Mate P. J.
Proteau and Third Machinist's Mate Q.
WHEN Dennis Chavez was brought
into the senate to be sworn in as
successor to the late Bronson Cutting
>f New Mexico, six "liberal" mem
>ers silently walked out of the cham
)er in protest against the efforts that
lad been made to unseat Mr. Cutting.
Those who participated in this un
precedented action were: Senators
Hiram Johnson, California; William
B. Borah, Idaho; George Norrls, Ne
braska; and Gerald P. Nye, North
Dakota, Republican Independents; and
Robert M. LaFoilette, Wisconsin Pro
gressive; and Henrlk Shipstead, Min
RUSSIA'S Immense airplane, the
Maxim Gorky, largest land plane
in the world, was destroyed when it
collided with a small training plane
aver a Moscow suburb, collapsed at a
height of 2,0o0 feet and fell in ruins.
All on board, 48 In number, were
killed, as was the pilot of the small
SECRET hearings were opened by
the house military affairs commit
tee to Investigate charges that the
Tennessee Valley authority already
has squandered jm.uw,
CKJO of government
money in questionable
awards of contracts
for dynamite and pow
der and through other
E. Morgan, head of
the TV A, and his two
fellow directors, David
Lilienthal and Har
court A. Morgan, were
summoned before the
A. E. Morgan fomm,ttee.
The charges are contained In an
audit of the TVA made by Comptroller
General J. R. McCarl. Some of the
irregularities he claims to haye un
The awarding without competitive
bidding of a contract which obligated
tbe government for an Indefinite sum
of money, estimated at $(115,000.
Overpayments of an original con
tract by as much as 120 per cent.
Awarding of contracts. In contraven
tion of law, to Hrms which were not
the low bidders, with one contract go
ing to a bidder who was seventh from
Failure to require one large con
tractor to post performance bond and
at the same time the payment of fees
to tbis contractor in advance, despite a
legal probibition against advance pay
Solicitation of bids by telephone or
circulars among a certain group of pri
vate business bouses, or In other Ir
The Inquiry came as the administra
tion was trying to get the house com
mittee to report favorably the bill,
recently passed by the senate, provid
ing more money for the TVA and en
larging Its scope of operations.
HOCSE leaders were hurrying to
nnssase the administration's
amendments to the AAA act, enlarg
ing the powers of that organization,
the demand of opponents for long de
bate being denied. It was certain this
measure would arouse controversy In
tbe senate. Jobbers and retailers of
foodstuffs, of whom there are about
911,000 In the country, are much dis
turbed by these proposed amendments
for tbe measure extends to them tbe
processing taxes now Imposed on food
manufacturers, makes thpm subject to
regulations not yet specified and re
quires that each one be licensed by
CROWN Prince Frederlk of Denmark
and Princess Ingrid of Sweden
were married In Stockholm In the
presence of a brilliant assemblage. A
week of activities preceded the cere
mony, attracting great throngs u, the
City That Has No Smoke or Grime
Mason ctty, wash., is one of
the cleanest cities In the world,
having neither chimneys nor grime,
for electricity snpplies heat and light
for all Its buildings. It has a popula
tion of 3,000 workers on the Grand
Coulee dam project, and their families.
Bedtime Story for Children
By THORNTON W. BURGESS
AN ENEMY PROVES TO BE
The things we do and things we say.
CTis true though hard to believe
Affect the lives of other folk
More often than we ever know.
SO It Is that friends often hurt each
other and In the same way enemies
help each other without the least Idea
of so doing. It Is a funny world. It
certainly Is a funny world. You think
only of yourself and straightway do
the greatest possible kindness or an
equally great harm to some one of
whom you are not thinking at all, and
never know anything about It
Just take the case of Mrs. Hooty
and Danny Meadow Mouse. Danny al
ways thought of Mrs. Hooty, just as he
did of Hooty, as one of the enemies
he must always be on the watch for
after dark, and Mrs. Hooty always
thought of Danny Meadow Mouse sim
ply as a good dinner If only she could
catch him. The Idea of doing Danny a
good turn never In all her life had
entered her head. Nor had the Idea
that she could do such a thing ever
entered Danny's funny little head. Yet
Mrs. Hooty did do Danny a good turn.
In fact, all unknowingly she proved to
be a friend.
Vnn rr-momho,. Ihil PMlv Mint h.J
trapped Danny in a hollow log In the
Green Forest. Billy couldn't get Into
that hollow log because the doorway
was too small. So he promptly told
Danny that he would keep watch until r
Danny starved to death Inside or came I
out to be caught. Then Hooty the Owl
and Mrs. Hooty arrived In a tree close
by and Danny overheard Mrs. Hooty
tell Hooty that she had seen and
heard some one moving down below
and that she intended to stay right
there until she found out who It was.
Danny at once thought that she was
watching for him. But when he had had
time to think a little be remembered
that he hadn't so much as poked his
nose outside that hollow log since the
coming of Mrs. Hooty, so of course
she couldn't have seen him. Could It
have been Billy Mink she had seen?
Danny at once became very much In
I terested and crept a little nearer the
doorway. He wanted very much to see
what was going on outside.
For some time nothing happened. !
Then he heard Booty's voice way off
in the distance. He crept just a wee
bit closer to the doorway and peeped
np In the top of the tree where he
had heard Mr. and Mrs. Hooty talking, j
He was just in time to see a great j
dark shadow sweep silently down. He
heard a spiteful snar! and knew then
that Mrs. Hooty had tried to catch
Billy Mink and had missed him. And
he knew, too, that, having escaped, j
Billy would waste no time hanging j
about there, but would seek a safer
Danny let a little sigh of relief
escape. Mrs. Hooty had frightened
Billy Mink away and did not herself j
know that Danny was there. He was
no longer trapped. She who would
gladly have eaten him had proved a
friend by setting him free. Didn't I
say that this Is a funny world?
e. T. W. Burgess.?WNTT Servtc*.
Danny Overheard Mrs. Hooty Tell
Hooty That She Had Seen and
Heard Some One Moving Down
I PAPA rNCWS-l
"Pop, what It worryT
"Carbon In tht cylinder."
?. Bell Syndicate?WNU Sereloe. i
b,EDWYNN, ' ~hf Perfect Fool |
Dear Mr. Wjrnn:
In the past ten days I have read In
the newspapers of thirty-four men com
mitting crimes. I discovered, by keep
ing tabs on them, that twenty-eight of
the thirty-four men ran away to Caa
ada. Bow do you account for that?
Answer: I am surprised, as I thought
everybody knew that It was the only
Dear Mr. Wynn:
Don't you think a man will succeed
better In life If he goes by the fol
lowing rule: "Live and let live"?
Answer: That is a great rule for
every one excepting a butcher.
Dear Mr. Wynn:
A friend of mine has Just returned
from a trip through the South Amer
ican tropics and he said that some
times, while walking along, he would
sink 10 and 12 Inches in the ground.
What struck me rather peculiar was
his assertion that farmers lived there
and cattle grazed all around. How
coald cattle exist in mad like that? |
Answer: Your friend is right I
have been where he speaks of and I
have seen the mud so deep down there
that the farmers had to Jack the cows
up to milk them.
C JLaocia:*! N<wij?y?ra.
w NT Serv.d*. -y
DELICIOUS FRUIT DRINKS
pvURIXQ the summer when much
^ water is lost from the body by
perspiration, more water should be
taken in some form. The easiest drink
on# knows about is lemonade, refresh
ing, cooling and easy to take as well
as make. Keep In the ice chest a Jar
of the lemon Juice boiled with sugar
and water to form a fruit sirup. A
mixture of grapefruit Juice, lemon and
orange. Is another drink well liked.
Having a sugar sirup made to use for
That Washington, D. C., in
'proportion to its size, has
more trees than any other
city on the globe?its only
rival being Buenos Aires.
Sien from the air, the city
is one mass of living green.
C McClura N???ptp?r Syndicate.
WNU Mr* lea.
sweetening U a great convenience, a*
It sweetena at once and doe* not drop
to the bottom like sugar and baa to
be stirred to be dissolved. Tboee who
like honey use It often In preference
to sugar, as It Is tbe best sugar to give
children, being easily digested.
When company drops In and needs
quick refreshment on a bot day, try
an orange ginger ale. For eacb per
son combine two-thirds of a cup of
orange Juice, one-third of a cup of
ginger ale. pour over a glass of cracked
Ice and serve at once. For a delight
ful ice cream soda serve a glass two
thirds full of orange Juice and add a
ball of vanilla Ice cream. Stir rapidly
and serve. Orange Juice with lemon
Juice is liked by many as a combina
tion drink, iced coffee served as an
Ice cream soda drink is most delicious.
Drop in the bail of Ice cream and
serve at once. One should remember
when serving these refreshing drinks
that they are not only cooling to tbe
body, delightful to the palate, bot are
supplying the body with needed min
erals and vitamins for health.
By ANNE CAMPBELL
I DO sot know which way the road
My aool may tremble like > broken
To sorrow; ,
Bet though unknown the dark antrar
eled way. ? -*
I hare Today! tf" *^E?
This day la steeped in Joy! Each ihiijy
Has gladness in 1L
So black forebodmgs steal the skies'
The sen shines through.
And golden lies the path that winds
To love in flower. ~ <C> *
I hare Today: I face it gratefully, V
Xo matter where the road that's meant
To walk it as the saints their hard way
With faith La God!
In this lovely gown ensealing back
drapery Is held it the hips with a
half round crystal clip. The tightly
fitted bodice with draped shoulder cer
ericg U fastened In front with tiny
; glass buttons. Gay field fiowers are
on the black crepe.
Fighting Fire With "Airfoam"
THIS la a scene at Feltham, England, during a demonstration of the "alrfoam*
apparatus which extinguishes tires In quick time with a smothering action.
A mixture of 90 per cent air, 9.8 per cent water and 0.2 per cent soap produces ?
foam seren times lighter than water, which excludes air from the seat of com
bustion and can be pumped to great heights.
? - -j 11 iiaBiilMB^W