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__ GRAHAM, IS, Cm THURSDAY JUNE 13, 193S
^ NO. 19.
News Review of Current
Events the World Over
President Suggests Amendment of Constitution but Asks
Stop-Gap Legislation to Permit Continuance
of the New Deal Program.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
? Western Newspaper Union.
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT has creat
ed a major Issue for the campaign of
1930 and stirred up widespread debate
and controversy over a question that
the nation had tnougnt
was settled In Its early
days. Furthermore, It
Is Ukely he has start
ed the movement for
a complete re-align
ment of political forces
Into what will be vir
tually two new parties.
Briefly, he proposes
that the Constitution
be changed to take
from the states and
I Bainbridga g|ye j0 federal
Colby government power over
the chief social and economic ques
tions so that the New Deal may be
saved from the doom pronounced upon
It by the Supreme court
In the course of a two hour talk
with the Washington correspondents
the President sent up a trial balloon
on the plan he had conceived for re
modeling the government to fit his pro
gram, declaring that he favored cur
tailing the sovereignty of the states
and giving the central government full
control over agriculture. Industry, com
merce and all other occupations and en
terprises. He said this question of
amending or re-wrlting the Constitu
tion must be settled by a vote of the
people. In some ways, he said, the Su
preme court decision was the best thing
that could have happened to the coun
try because it clarified the Issue as he
presented It The Issue must be met
by moving one way or the other, he
said, back to the 13 states or forward
to the modern interpretation.
We are the only country In the world
which has not solved this problem, Mr.
Roosevelt said. We thought we were
solving It but now It is thrown right
back in our faces. We are relegated
to the "horse and buggy" Interpreta
tion of the Interstate commerce clause.
That many prominent Democrats will
be alienated from their support of Mr.
Roosevelt by this pronouncement Is cer
tain. Already there has been launched
a movement for those of the party who
seek "a return to constitutional gov
ernment" to unite with the Republicans
who are of like mind. Its leaders are
Bainbridge Colby, who was secretary
of state in President Wilson's cabinet,
and Chief Justice William R. Pattan
gall of the Massachusetts Supreme
Mr. Colby has written to a number
of Democratic leaders of national re
pute proposing they meet in a south
ern city, preferably Richmond, "to con
sider some form of political action that
Is for our country and above party."
In a letter to a friend In Washington
It was revealed that Chief Justice Pat
tangall had decided to resign In order
to Join with other Jeffersonlan Demo
crats to bring about a coalition with
Republicans and the restoration of
constitutional government" to replace
the New Deal.
uavi.vu startled the eoantry by his
proposition for changing the basic
law, Mr. Roosevelt turned his atten
tion to speedy legislation that might
salvage part of the KRA, considering, it
was authoritatively said, that amend
ment of the Constitution was not a
matter of the Immediate future. He
asked congress to pass the Clark reso
lution in modified form extending the
NRA until April 1, 1936, with the un
derstanding that it would be a skeleton
organization to collect and classify
data but without power to enforce
wages, hours or fair trade practices
upon industry, except in the case of
work done for the government This
was agreeable to both the senate and
the house majorities. The President
said there would be no attempt to cir
cumvent the Supreme court decision
?r to persuade business men to enter
into voluntary code agreements.
Attorney General Cummings, Solic
itor General Reed, Felix Frankfurter
and others were studying numerous
proposals for substitutes for the NRA,
hut Secretary Early of the White
House staff said none of the sugges
tions had met the requirements. Secre
tary of Labor Perkins had a plan for
using the government's taxing powers
as a means toward Interstate regula
tion. Senators Nye and King intro
duced in the senate a bill to expand
the powers of the federal trade com
mission. And there were many other
propositions, but none of them seemed
r^ON'GRESS, it now appears, will be
V1 in session until September, for the
''resident handed to the leaders a
"must" program of legislation that I
will keep the law makers busy for a
long time. Here is the list:
1. Social security bill.
2. Omnibus banking hill.
3. Holding company bill.
4. Wagner labor relations bill, and
Guffey coal regulations bill.
5. Tennessee valley bill.
6. Bankhead cotton act extension.
7. AAA amendments.
8. Tax extension bill.
9. Temporary NBA extension.
10. NRA government contract re
11. Federal alcohol control legisla
12. Federal oil control legislation.
13. Central statistical board set up.
14. Electrical farm and home au
thority set up.
The holding company measure has
been resisted firmly in committee by
Iuvo uemocrats, I'et
tlngll] of Indiana and
Huddleston of Ala
; bama. In a senate
| debate It was vigor
1 ously attacked by Die
terieh of Illinois, Dem
ocrat, and Hastings of
I as an unconstitutional
scheme to destroy the
tors in the power busi
Thomas N. ?
? . ness. Mr. Dietericu
McCarter .. ,4 . . .
said it was his honest
conviction that the measure would de
stroy all private ownership of public
utilities in the country, together with
the millions upon millions of dollars
invested in them by private citizens.
This measure was naturally the chief
topic of discussion at the annual con
vention of the Edison Electric Insti
tute at Atlantic City. President
Thomas X. McCarter told the assem
blage that the privately owned power
industry must fight for its life against
the administration's "most devastating
and destructive attack." He told of
presenting "in person" to the President
"a dignified memorial" setting forth
"facts that seemed to the trustees to
threaten the existence of this industry
and appealed to the government for a
get-together policy for the elimination
of whatever abuses and wrongs might
be found to exist," but said he got
SOLELY on account of ill health,
Ramsay MacDonald has retired as
prime minister of Great Britain and
gone to Lossiemouth, his home in Scot
land, for a good rest ^^-^1
His successor as head
of the national cabi
net is Stanley Bald
win, the veteran lead
er of Conservatives
who has been serving
as lord president of
the council and in re
ality has been a dep
uty prime minister
since the national gov
arn mnnf o fnrtnPil
seven years ago. Mr. Stanley
MacDonald exchanges Baldwin
places with him. thus remaining in
the cabinet but without departmental
duties. The date of his last cabinet
meeting as prime minister was the
sixth anniversary of his assumption of
the office for the second time. With
the exception of H. II. Asquith he has
held the office continuously for the
longest period in modern times.
Of the other changes in the cabinet
the most important was the transfer
of Sir John Simon from the foreign
office to the home office, fie is suc
ceeded in the former by Sir Samuel
Honre, who has been chief secretary
for India. Mr. MacDonald's son Mal
colm, only thirty-four years old, was
made colonial secretary.
BOUISSON'S French cabinet having
fallen almost immediately, Presi
dent Lebrun had great difficulty find
ing another premier. Pierre Laval,
former foreign minister, finally under
took to form a new government and
to "save the franc." He kept the
foreign ministry post himself, and put
Marcel Regnier in as m roster of
WITHOUT any special ceremony
the Supreme court, at the end
of its spring session, for the last time
walked out of the old senate chamber
which It has occupied as a courtroom
since 1859. When the court recon
venes next October after Its summer
recess it will be housed in the magni
ficent new 110.090,000 marble building
Just east of the CapitoL
CHAIRMAN JESSE H. JONES an
nounced that in the future the RFC
will file with the Interstate commis
sion, If necessary, its own reorganiza
tion plans for railroads in financial dif
ficulties and in which it holds a finan
At the same time Mr. Jones an
nounced a iilan whereby the Chicago,
Milwaukee, St Paul & Pacific railroad
would be organized with the aid of a
S24,000,000 government loan. A four
point program was worked out in con
ferences between Mr. Jones and H. A.
Scandrett, president of the road, and
will be filed for court approval.
Notice of the intention of the RFC
to force reorganization plans has been
given in letters to the Denver & Rio j
Grande Western, and the Western Pa
TI7ITHOUT discussion and without J
V V a record vote the house passed
the Wilcox bill calling for the con- !
struction of seven powerful army air
bases at a total cost of $110,000,000. |
The measure specifies the locations as
the Atlantic Northeast, the Atlantic
Southeast and Caribbean areas, the
southeastern states, the Pacific North- |
west, Alaska, the Rocky mountain
area, and "intermediate stations neces
sary for transcontinental movements
in the maneuvers of the general head
quarters air force."
ONE of the most prominent figures
in the World war passed from
the scene with the death in Essex, i
England, of Viscount Byng of Vimy. j
As a young officer of cavalry Byng |
distinguished himself in campaigns in
the Sudan, in South Africa and in |
India. In the great war he won un
dying fame by his desperate defense j
of Ypres when it was attacked by
overwhelmingly superior German
forces which for the first time used
poison gas and flame throwers.
JAPAN'S army, which appears to rule
Japan's foreign policy, has decided
that Gen. Chiang Kai-shek, dictator of 1
China, must retire. This was an
Dounced at Tientsin i
by Col. Takashl Sakal. |
chief of staff of the
Japanese troops in
North China. He said: j
using his financial
and military power j
under the pretense of j
uniting China, is act
ually corrupting and
disintegrating North !
China, which Chiang
Gen. Chiang ; . ~~
K . . . re?anis as a colony.
a ck Uence the Japanese
army now feels that it is the wisest
policy to uproot Chiang Kai-shek's In
fluence, especially In North China.
"It is not the communists but Chiang
Kai-shek who will put an end to the
existence of China. The Japanese
army intends to take the necessary
measures to compel the Chinese gov
erment to abolish the Tientsin garrisoD
corps, the Kuomintang political
branches, the Blue Shirt secret police
and patriotic societies encouraging the
consumption of native goods. These
societies have been responsible for
anti-Japanese sentiment as well as dis
turbance of peace and order within
COL. CHARLES A. LINDBERGH'S
active participation in the affairs
of Transcontinental and Western Air
has been terminated at least for the
present. Henry B. Dupont, chairman
of the board, in making the announce
ment, denied there had been any dis
agreement between the famous aviator
and the company officials.
"Colonel Lindbergh never has devoted
100 per cent of his time to TWA ac
tivities," Mr. Dupont said. "As ad
visor he drew a retainer for his tech
nical advice. Sometimes he worked
several days in succession, sometimes
only two or three days a month.
"He has devoted mucb time to the
company, but now has decided to de
vote the next few months exclusively
to his personal affairs, although he
will continue to be available in emer
gencies for consultation. He still Is
TWA's technical adviser and he will
be available if we need him. Probably
when his personal affairs are straight
ened out he may lie devoting a lot
of time to our problems."
LITTLE George Weyerhaeuser, nine
year-old lumber fortune heir
who was kidnaped from Tacoma, Is
safe at home, but the "snatchera" who
held him captive for a week got away
with S200.000 ransom money paid by
the lad's family. They fled In a fast
automobile, and at this writing are
still at large, though pursued closely
by an army of government agents and
FLOODS and tornadoes wrought
havoc in Nebraska, Colorado, Wyo
ming, Texas and Kansas?a region
that only recently was afflicted by
drouth and dust storms. It was
thought as many as 230 lives were lost,
and great Dumbera of families were
rendered homeless. The worst flood
area was In southern Nebraska, where
the Republican river was swollen into
a raging torrent.
"Fastest Engine in World" Put in Service
THIS photograph shows the unvell
iag, at the American Locomotive
company works In Schenectady, N. Y?
of what Is called the fastest engine
In the world. It has a rated top speed
of 120 miles an hour and already Is in
service drawing the Milwaukee rail
road's new streamline train, Hiawatha,
between Chicago and Minneapolis.
BEDTIME STORY FOR CHILDREN
Ey THORNTON W. BURGESS
NANNY IS SURE DANNY IS DEAD
THE silvery light of sweet Mistress
Moon flooded the Green Meadows
and chased the Black Shadows clear
back to the very edges of the Green
Meadows. It was just such a ulght as
a Meadow Mouse loves, and Nanny
Meadow Mouse would have enjoyed It
and rejoiced In It and been thoroughly
happy but for one thing. The truth
is, Danny Meadow Mouse had spoiled
that beautiful night for Nanny Meadow
Mouse. He didn't know he bad, but
be had. Yon see, Nanny was worried
and her worry was all on account of
me newest Daoies were quite saie
In their snug nest, hidden?well, I
won't tell you Just where It was hid
den. That was Danny's and Nanny's
secret, so I guess I haven't any right to
tell you just where that snug little nest
was. If I did they might not trust me
Anyway, those newest babies were
quite safe, because they were loo young
to crawl out even If they should wak
en, which they were not likely to do
because their little stomachs were fulL
He Certainly Muet Be Dead; Nanny
Wae Sure of It.
Little Meadow Mice are like other
babies In that when their stomachs are
full tbey sleep and grow. So Nanny
didn't worry about the babies.
The half-grown children had romped
and played In the moonlight until they
had become so tired that they were
glad to curl up In their beds. They
were dreaming the pleasantest oft
Meadow Mouse dreams. So Nanny
didn't worry about them. But she did
worry about Danny Meadow Mouse.
Why didn't he come home? Never
since she had known him had Danny
been gone so long. Something must
have happened to him. She was sure
Had Reddy or Granny Fox caught
him? She hadn't seen either of them
on the Green Meadows that day, but
one of them might have been there
long enough to catch Danny without
being seen by her. Or perhaps Black
Pussy the Cat from Farmer Brown's
had surprised Danny. She had seen
Redtail the Hawk sailing over the
Green Meadows twice during the day
and It might be that he bad dined on
Danny. It was a dreadful thought
She couldn't get rid of It. If something
dreadful hadn't happened, Danny never
would have stayed away like this.
Nanny tried to be hopeful. She tried
to take a nap, for she was very, very,
very tired. But she couldn't sleep.
She couldn't even keep still. She kept
creeping out to look along the private
little paths she and Danny had made
through the grass, hoping each time
to see him hurrying home along one of
Sweet Mistress Moon climbed higher
and higher In the sky and then began
to go lower and lower, and the Black
Shadows began once more to creep out
across the Green Meadows. Soon Jolly,
round, red Mr. Sun would come up to
chase them away altogether and a new
day would begin. Still no Danny. He
must be dead. Nanny was sure of It.
C T W. Burgess.?WN'U service.
h, ED WYNN, The Perfect Fool |
Dear Mr. Wynn: t
I hare Just taken a Job as a waiter t
In a downtown restaurant. I don't I
pet a big salary; so depend a lot on I
my tips. Today a man bad his meal, I
and when I gave him bis check he said t
he could not give me a tip, as he only i
had enough money to pay the check.
I'll never make any money that way.
What shall I do the next time a man
says that to me?
I. SEUVWELL. '
Answer: The next time a man says
he only has enough to pay for his
check Just take the check back and 1
add It up again.
Dear Mr. Wynn:
I have a girl friend who has a nasty
habit of always saying nasty things
about all the other girls. Everybody
knows that about her, yet last night a
boy friend who knows her said she
was something to adore. What do you
make out of that?
Answer: When he said she was
something to adore he probably meant
that she was a knocker.
Dear Mr. Wynn:
I went to a school dance the other
night and danced with the same girl
twice. She let me take her home, and
as I left her I told her I thought she
was the sweetest girl In the whole
world and now she won't go out with
me any more. I wonder why?
Answer: She doesn't want to dis
Dear Mr. Wynn:
I am a girl seven years old. My
eacher In Sunday school asked me
iow many commandments there are.
said, "ten," then she said, "suppose
broke one?" and I couldn't answer
ler. Now she says I can't come back
o Sunday school until I bring her an
tnswer. Can you help me?
may b. c. knoe.
Answer: That's Tery simple, my
:hild. If there are Ten Command
ments and you broke one there would
je nine left.
Dear Mr. Wynn:
For the past three weeks I have been
touring through New England In an
auto and I noticed nearly every farmer
had a weather vane on the roof of his
barn In the shape of a rooster. Can
you tell me why they never have hens
L MCZZBEE DCMM.
Answer: It would be too hard to
get the eggs.
C AraorlatM Newspaper*.
That the bowie-knife?the
heavy sheath knife of the
early western states?is
called after Col. James Bowie
of Texas. He wrought the
blade from a worn-out file
with which he had already
killed his man.
C IfcClur* Newspaper Pyndicat*.
Minute make-ups i
= By V. V.
The fashion for metallic touches has
extended even to make-up. The new
est ^ilng Is to high-light your eyelids
with a golden glow that conies from a
new shade of eyeshadow In gold,
bronse, or silver. This may provide a
new way of making an ensemble of eye
lids and Jewelry.
Copyright by Public ledger. Inc.
GOOD THINGS NEW AND OLD
A HOST delicious pie may be made
by using prunes with rhubarb.
The rhubarb adds the zest to the
prunes and the two together make a
most delightful combination. If both
are cooked, fill a baked shell and coyer
with a meringue, or prepare the fruit
and bake slowly in two crusts.
Slake a sirup of three cupfuls of wa
ter and one and one-half cupfuls of su
gar and boll five minutes; add the Juice
of one lemon and two oranges with a
little of the rind of each and a cupful
of banana pulp. Peel and scrape ba
nanas and put through a rlcer or sieve.
Beat the fruit mixture and sirup to
gether, chill and stir In three cupfuls
of whipped cream, or the whites of
three eggs. Freeze to a soft mush.
Braised New Cabbage.
Melt one-fourth of a cupful of sweet
fat In a saucepan, add two green apples
and two onions finely chopped; cook
gently for three minutes, then add one
shredded cabbage, three cloves, one
half cupful of vinegar, salt and pepper
to season. Cover tightly and simmer
until the cabbage Is tender.
Tuna Fish Salad.
Soak one-half envelope of gelatin In
one-fourth cupful of cold water, add
three-fourths of a cupful of hot salad
dressing and stir until well dissolved.
Add one-half cupful of finely diced cel
ery, one minced green pepper, one can
of tuna that has been lightly flaked,
salt and paprika to taste. Turn after
blending well Into Individual molds, set
away to harden. Serve on lettuce with
a spring of parsley or water cress on
top. Serve with a spoonful of mayon
Summer Squash en Casserole.
Take two and one-half cupfnls of
cooked summer squash, add three
fourths of a cupful of thick tomatoes,
two tablespoonfuls of butter, one and
one-half teaspoonfuls of salt, one t&
blespoonfu! of grated onion, one-half
cupful of seasoned chopped meat, fish
or nuts, mix well, cover with battered
crumbs and bake until well browned.
Egg plant or carrots may be served in
the same manner.
C Western N?v*pap?r Union.
IT ISN'T HOME!
By ANNE CAMPBELL
THE ocean meets the sky and Joins
The waves are tipped with shredded
I jraze upon the sea and think of yon.
It may be beautiful, but it isn't home.
The splendid city flings its buildings
The stars are all alight In heaven'*
dome . . .
The lighted windows and the starry
sky . . .
It's all so beautiful, but It tsnt
Across the miles there Is a patch of
A little honse upon familiar loam,
A maple tree, a fence where rosea
lean . . .
And that Is beautiful, because tfa
home 1 _ _
General Drum Is Decorated
SEX. DUGI1 A. DRC1I, D. S. A, who was recently assigned to command
the Hawaiian Islands, Is one of the most popular officers to come to the
'aclflc paradise. Wanda Sllva, a pretty little resident, was among the happiest ot
American girls when she was given the privilege of decorating him with lets
>n Hawaii's "lei day," which corresponds to the May day of the other cooa
xles of the world.