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The Alamance Gleaner
\UL. LAI. GRAHAM, IS, C., THURSDAY JULY 11, 1935.- NO. 23.
News Review of Current'
Events the World Over
House Democrats Defy President?Lobbying for and
" Against Utilities Bill to Be Investigated?
Senator Glass Bests Eccles.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
? Western Newspaper Union
REVOLT In congress against al
leged dictatorial attempts of the
administration reached a climax when
the house, by the decisive vote of 258
to 148, relented the
1 "death sentence" In
the utility holding
companies bill as
passed by the senate
and demanded by the
President The rec
ord vote came on a
motion to substitute
the house bill placing
utility holding com
panies under regula
tl fL. .A^n.UI/w.
_ . uuu uo. iiie octuuuca
R?p. Brewster and guhange com
mission for the senate bill which pre
scribed the dissolution of the holding
companies of more than first degree be
ginning In 1940.
The adaption of this motion killed
the "death sentence." After substi
tuting the house bill for the senate
bill, the perfected measure was passed
by a vote of 322 to 81.
Immediately after this action, the
house voted unanimously for an In
vestigation of alleged lobbying by
-both the supporters and the foes of
the utility measure. During the de
hate on the bill It was frequently
charged that the capltol was swarm
ing with utility company lobbyists, and
then came two serious accusations
against the other side. Representa
tive John H. Hoeppel of California,
Democrat, asserted an unnamed ad
ministration lobbyist had offered to
get California's relief allotment In
creased If Hoeppel would vote for the
bill as the President wanted It. This
didn't greatly Impress the house, but
later Representative Ralph 0. Brew
ster of Maine, Republican, charged
that Thomas G. Corcoran, a young
brain truster who Is co-author of tne
administration bill, had threatened
cessation of construction of the $37,
000,000 Passamaquoddy dam project
In the congressman's district If
Brewster should vote against the
Mr. Brewster said he did not be
lieve the President was aware that
such tactics were being used by his
aids or would countenance them, and
Rankin of Mississippi and Moran of
Maine defended Mr. Roosevelt. But
the President's contact man, Charles
West, and Postmaster General Far
ley's lobbyist, Emll Hurja, had been
so active among the house members
that the resentment of the lawmakers
was aroused and they gladly directed
that the lobbying charges be Investi
WHAT would be the final fate of
the utility measure was doubtfuL
Senator Wheeler of Montana, after a
call at the White House, said be was
confident a satisfactory bill would
come out of the conference, and If one
did not, the measure would be al
lowed to die. In either case the war
on the holding companies Is likely to
be made a major Issue of the next
Presidential campaign, and adminis
tration leaders are predicting that the
Democratic congressmen who dared
to rote against the "death sentence"
will be defeated at the polls. These
"doomed" men number 166, as against
131 Democrats who stood by the Presi
Republican leaders were Jubilant,
professing to see In the episode the
beginning of a real uprising against
the President and his New Dealers;
Many neutral observers looked upon
It as only a battle between the two
lobbies In which the victory went to
the utilities lobby.
IN THE battle between Senator Car
ter Glass and Marriner S. Eccles,
governor of the federal reserve board,
the former has. nt this writing, scored
the most points. The
astute Virginian ex
tracted from the Ec
bi'l most of the radl
cal provisions that
*ould have led to gov
ernment or public own
erahlp of the federal
teserve system, and.
Indeed, practically re
*r?te the measure,
tee handed It on to en"
the senate banking and currency com
mittee, which promptly gave the bill
't? approval, without a record vote,
and after making only two minor
Governor Eccles and Secretary of
the Treasury Morgentbau expected to
he called before the committee and
*ere prepared to tell why the bill
would not suit the administration, but
the committee didn't give them a
As passed by the house, the banking
bill would give autocratic powers over
the banking system to a politically
dominated federal reserve board; and
the party In power would have the au
thority to force the twelve reserve
banks to lend unlimited amounts to the
national treasury. Under the bill as
rewritten by Glass, reserve board mem
bers are to be appointed for 14-year
terms and are to be discharged only
for cause; chief officers of the reserve
banks are to be chosen by their direc
tors, subject to reserve board approval,
for five-year periods, and the reserve
banks need not buy additional govern
ment bonds unless they choose to do so.
INVESTIGATION of the administra
tion of the Virgin Islands by a sen
ate committee was certain to be lively.
The very first witness heard, Charles
H. Gibson, was threatened with Jail
by Secretary of the Interior Ickes for
removing official documents from the
files. Mr. Gibson, who was govern
ment attorney for the islands until
Ickes ousted him, had testified rather
vaguely against the regime of Gov.
Paul M. Pearson,
Gibson testified that Governor Pear
son had exceeded his authority under
the law, was unpopular with a large
section of the population of the
islands, and was not frank in his ad
ministration. To support his testimony
Gibson Introduced several letters which
were the documents to which Ickes
GEN. HUGH JOHNSON assumed
his new office of federal works
relief administrator for New York
city. "Robbie," his ever present sec
retary, fended off the reporters for a
day, but let them In then, and to'them
the general walled:
"I hate this thing! It isn't helping
anybody, anywhere. When the source
of money Is cut off we'll be right back
where we started. It's disheartening
to sit here, knowing that when the
funds are gone, the Jobs will be gone."
Attorney general ccmmings
announced that on July 29 a
school would be opened by his depart
ment In Washington for the purpose of
training state, county and city police
in law enforcement theory and prac
tice. A twelve weeks' course will be
given to selected officers, the Instruc
tion being free.
"D EPUBLICAN senators were ad
^ vised that former President Her
bert Hoover will not be a candidate for
the Republican nomination In the Pres
Idential race of 1936.
They were advised
that Mr. Hoover would
make the formal an
nouncement some time
this summer. He Is
staying out, It was
said, because he In
tends to remain In pri
vate life and has
planned his future ca
reer along that line.
For his active critl
HarDert cIsms of ajm|nIgtra.
Hoover tton polic|eg the rea
son was given that, although he does
not "choose to run," he thought the
party needed some sort of direction;
now that his candidacy is shelved. It
is expected that his political utterances
will be clothed in less authority.
The Informers, however, assured the
senators that Mr. Hoover would get
behind the party's candidate and enter
the campaign for him, and that he
thinks, with unification growing, the
Republican prospects are looking
brighter day by day.
David lloyd george, whose
New Deal program was not well
received by the British government,
has resumed active participation in
politics, "reluctantly," but with ex
pressed determination to "go on with
it" The little Welsh veteran states
man addressed the national conven
tion of the peace and reconstruction
movement, and asserted the menace to
peace and the economic confusion
throughout the world are growing
JAPAN'S beautiful inland sea was
the scene of a terrible disaster tha't
cost 104 lives. The steamer Midori
Maru, crowded with holiday passen
gers, collided with a freighter in the
foggy night and sank almost Immedi
ately. Rescue boats picked up 91 of
the 166 passengers und 56 of the crew.
All the victims were Japanese.
Secretary of agriculture
WALLACE proclaimed the estab
lishment of an AAA adjustment pro
gram for the 1935 rye crop which will
Include benefit payments of amounts
not yet disclosed. Representatives
from 16 rye growing states met In
Washington to discuss the program
and outline plans for Its operation.
Farmers from the principal wheat
producing states met with AAA offi
cials and gave their approval to a
tentative flexible plan for the payment
of benefits to wheat growers.
/-"APT. ANTHONY EDEN, England's
Journeyman trouble shooter, elec
trified the British Isles by announcing
that Great Britain had otTered to give
Halle Selassie, emperor of Abyssinia,
a generous strip of British Somaliland
to replace territory acquired by Italy,
If the Italian government would prom
ise not to wage war against the domain
of Africa's "Conquering Lion of
Nothing doing, said Premier Musso
lini, who has turned a deaf ear to
all Britain's proposals of an Italo-Ethl
oplan compromise. He was reported
as Intending to go right ahead with
his plan of a four-years' war to effect
the complete pacification of the Afri
can empire. He Insists that there
must be more room In Africa for over
populated Italy to expand.
Mussolini has threatened to "remem
ber" the nations which have offered to
furnish Abyssinia with arms, and they
have withdrawn or modified their of
fers. The African emperor pleaded:
"If we are In the right and If civi
lized nations are unable to prevent
this war, at least do not deny us the
means of defending ourselves."
The British parliament was no bet
ter pleased with Eden's "offer" of land
than was Italy, and the colonial secre
tary, son of former Prime Minister
MacDonald, had a hard time explain
Then Italy heard that the British
government was considering a proposal
to Invite other nations to Join In an
economic blockade of Italy to cheek
her aggression on Ethopla. Rome was
astonished by this report but didn't
seem In the least alarmed. Neither
were the Italians frightened when they
learned officially that Ethiopia had
asked the United States to study means
of persuading Italy to respect the Kel
logg pact outlawing war. The em
peror himself made the appeal to W.
Perry George, charge d'affaires at
Andre citroen, famous for
years as "the Henry Ford of
France" because he bnllt most of that
country's low cost motor cars. Is dead.
And probably he was happy to pass
on, for his vast enterprises had col
lapsed and his once huge fortune was
THE federal government began ?
new fiscal year with Intentions of
spending more money than In any pre
vious year of peace. Mr. Roosevelt an
nounced that he would spend $8,520,
000,000, of which $4,582,000,000 will go
for "recovery and relief." He expects
the treasury to collect $3,991,000,000.
No, It doesn't add up. The deficit for
the new fiscal year will be $4,528,000,
000, It Is estimated.
The fiscal year Just passed came to
an end with the public debt at a new
peace-time peak of $28,665,000,000, still
some shy of the $31,000,000,000 the
President estimated a year ago. To
finance the new budget, he had count
ed In part upon the $500,000,000 ex
tension of "nuisance" taxes Just
passed by congress, but not upon the
tax-tbe-rlch program which the New
Dealers hope to jockey through some
time In August. Estimates have It
that this will net another $340,000,000.
The expenditure for the past year Is
only $7,258,000,000 Instead of $8,571,
000,000 forecast at the start of the
year. The deficit was $3,472,347,000
Instead of the proposed $4,869,000,000.
If the expenditures outlined In the
1936 budget reach the estimated total,
the public debt on July 1 next year
would stand at $34,239,000,000.
During the next year the President
expects to spend $4,8SO,000,000 for re
lief and for the employment of 3,500,
jOOO Idle workers.
THE week's peak In crime was
reached when Detroit police fonnd
Howard Carter Dickinson, prominent
New York attorney and nephew of
Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes,
lying dead In a ditch beside a lonely
Rouge park road with a bullet through
his bead and another through his chest.
Dickinson, a law associate of
Charles Evans Hughes, Jr., had been
In Detroit on business of the $40,000,
000 estate of the late William IL
Yawkey. Apparently, he bad driven
to Rouge park while on a drinking
party after business hours. His com
panions on the ride, who were William
Schweitzer, Detroit underworld char
acter, and three burlesque-show girls,
all of whom be bad picked up at his
hotel In the motor city, fled the scene
and were traced to Fort Wayne, IncL,
where they were arrested.
After several days of grilling by po
lice, the four confessed they had plot
ted the murder to rob Dickinson.
Sweltzer admitted firing the shots.
Their loot was $131.
Most Beautiful Long Span Bridge of the Year
THIS Is the Bourne bridge across the Cape Cod canal at
Bourne, Mass., which was the winner of the class A
prize of the American Institute of Steel Construction
as the most beautiful long span bridge built during the
Bedtime Story for Children
By THORNTON W. BURGESS
. ^ ????MBBMNMMW?i
DANNY MEADOW MOUSE IS
GLAD HE IS SMALL
IF EVER In all the Great World there
was a startled Bear, that one was
Buster Bear when Danny Meadow
1 Mouse ran straight at him. Beechnuts
were In Buster Bear's mind, sweet lit
tle beechnuts and nothing else, when
he reached out a great paw to rake
over that little pile of leaves. It didn't
enter Buster's head that there might
be anything but beechnuts under them.
80, when Danny Meadow Mouse with
a frightened squeak darted out from
under Buster's very paw and straight
towards him. Buster was so surprised
and startled that for a second or two
he didn't know what to do.
Now it seemed an absolutely crazy
thing for Danny to run straight at
Buster, but the truth Is It was the
wisest thing he could have done. It
wasn't wisdom that made him do it
Danny Had Darted Behind a Big Tree.
No, Indeed, it wasn't wisdom at all.
It was Just pure fright and nothing
else. Danny was so frightened that
he didn't have any idea at all where
he was running. He Just ran, that was
ail. And because he happened to be
facing Custer Bear he ran straight at
Now if he had run away from Bus
ter things might not have turned out
at all as they did. Buster would have
seen Just where he went and the in
stant he recovered from his surprise
would have been after him. As it was,
Danny darted right under Buster's big
paw and right across the toes of one
of Buster's big hind feet. Buster Is a
big fellow and he looks clumsy, but
he isn't nearly as clumsy as he looks.
In fact, Buster isn't clumsy at all. He
is surprisingly quick in his movements
for such a big fellow. The Instant he
recovered from his surprise at the sud
den appearance of Danny Meadow
Mouse, Buster whirled about A fat(
Meadow Mouse would go splendidly
That thousands of white
bond-servants sent over from
England and bound to serve
for seven or ten years, did
most of the work in the
American colonies until
about the close of the Seven
teenth century. During the
time of their bondage they
could be bought and sold like
C McClar# N#wrpa.p?r 8rndlcftt*>
with those sweet beechnuts he had
But by the time Buster had turned
about Danny had darted behind a big
tree and there he stopped. He stopped
because he didn't know which way to
go. It happens that that was the
wisest thing he could have done. Ton
see. It he bad continued to run he
would have rustled the dry leaves and
Buster would have known Just where
he was. But because he stopped as he
did there was nothing to tell Buster
which way he had gone.
For once in his life Danny Meadow
Mouse was glad he was little. Right
then he would have been glad to be
smaller than he was. Many, many
times he had wished he was big, but
now he was very, very thankful that
he wasn't. Had he been big, as big, let
us say, as Peter Rabbit, the chances
are that he wouldn't have been able
to slip out from under Buster's big
paw as he had done. He was glad that
he was little. Yes, Indeed, Danny
Meadow Mouse was glad that he was
C T. W. Surges*.?WNU Service.
Cleopatra, known In history as Cleo
patra VII, was the daughter of Ptolemy
XIII. The distinguished Egyptlanlst,
E. A. W. Budge, says that the second
wife of Ptolemy XIII, who was the
mother of Cleopatra, was a lady of
unknown name and antecedents.
r\TniIXG the warm weather la the
?*-' time to let down on all unneces
sary work so that mother may have a
little vacation as well. Informal serv
ing?letting the youngsters do the
work?It will be a change from school
work, and It Is a good thing to train
them to do all kinds of household
tasks. The girls, of course, are expect
ed to have this training before they
go Into their own homes, or how wlU
they know how to deal with house
hold matters and spend the money
given to them for the upkeep of the
home? Boys, too, should begin early
to learn how to cook simple foods, be
able to make a good cup of coffee,
prepare a crisp piece of toast, and
serve a well-cooked egg. These accom
plishments are not only helpful but
often necessary In cases of illness or
absence of the housewife.
It la not always easy or agreeable
for a good housekeeper to turn over
the work to her children, but It is
most gratifying In results. Now Is the
time to serve the meals on the porch
or In the garden; the young folks will
enjoy taking the extra steps and the
novelty will serve to delight the whole
Serve breakfast buffet style as the
English do. Everybody has a few cov
ered dishes to keep things hot, and
with hot coffee and toast, one may
make a line breakfast. Scrambled
eggs, sliced bacon, sausages?even hot
griddle cakes or waffles may be made
on the porch.
A perfect picnic Is one where every
b, ED WYNN, The Perfect Fool |
Dear Mr. Wynn:
In our little town there has started
a movement which Is called 'The Own
Tour Own Home Movement." Can you
tell me what this te and why It Is
called a Building-Loan Scheme!
Answer: The Idea Is a simple one.
The building companies advance the
money to build you a house and yon
pay them so much money every month.
By the time you have become absolute
ly disgusted and dissatisfied with the
place. It Is yours.
Dear Mr. Wynn:
Yesterday I happened to be on the
East Side, and Just as I passed two
men, I heard one man say, In a loud
voice, "I'm a brick." In an Instant the
other chap punched him In the Jaw and
layed him flat In the sidewalk. How
do you account for that?
U. WOOD ItL'NTOO.
Answer: One man said he was a
brick, and the other fellow must have
been a bricklayer.
Dear Mr. Wynn:
I took my first trip to Chinatown and
the Bowery last Sunday. The funniest
thing I think I ever saw was a sign
In front of a Chinatown hotel which
read, "Rooms 50c and 55c." Now
what could possibly be the difference
between a 00c room and a 05c room?
Answer: They put mouse traps In
the 55c rooms.
Dear Mr. Wynn:
I Just received a tetter from a friend
of mine In which he sa.vs he Intends
coming clean from Denver, Colo., to
New York on a bicycle. Do you be
lieve he can do it?
Answer: He can come that far on a
bicycle, but not clean.
Dear Mr. Wynn:
Two friends of mine left yesterday
on a camping trip. As they left me I
noticed that each oDe had a stone Jag
In his hand. They told me they were
taking them along to nse tor their pil
lows. Don't you think stone Jugs are
rather hard things to sleep on?
MARY X. JTXE.
Answer: Your friends probably In
tend filling the Jugs with straw to make
c A?s>cf*ted Ntwsptgttra.
SOMEBODY SAID A
By ANNE CAMPBELL
SOMEBODY said a loving word I
The dark skies turned to bine.
Upon Hope's harp-strings brave tune*
And every aim was true.
Somebody spoke a thought that made
Into a kindly one,
And pathways opened to my gaze.
That led me to the sun.
Somebody spoke a thought that made
The gloomy outlook fair.
And scattered light where there wag
And gladness everywhere!
body does his share of the work and
mother has the rest?from work.
A ripe banana with a glass of good
milk Is sufficient luncheon for a light
Bananas as fruit are used so fre
quently that It Is hardly necessary to
mention how well they serve in salads.
Peel a banana, roll In chopped nnts
and lay on a lettuce leaf or in a nest
of water cress. Serve with a rose of
mayonnaise. The banana should be
dipped into french dressing to molstqa
It before rolling It in crumbs, IM,
adds a special zest to It.
In Peasant Linen
Lucien Lelong shows a white peasant
linen blouse having a shirred Jabot
edged with blue and red peasant em
broidery with his tailored suit of heavy
white silk shantung linen. The collar
Is blue velvet and the buttons and
buckle are of a gold colored metaL
Follous in His Father's "Puddles'"
THE oar marks left by the sweep of a crewman are called "paddles" and It,
Is such watery tracks that are being followed by Jack Kelly, Jr., as he la
Instructed by his father. Jack Kelly, who was world's rowing champion and an
Olympic champion as well. The yonng prodigy, only eight. Is taking the stroka
position under his father's watchful eye on the Schuylkill river.