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The Alamance gleaner
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VOL. LXI. GRAHAM, N, C., THURSDAY AUGUST 1, 1935. NO. 26.
News Review of Current
Events the World Over
President's Way of Ending Virgin Islands Row Arouses
Criticism?Senator Black Probes for Truth
About Utilities Cigar Box.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
? Western Newspaper Union.
THAT row over the administration
of the Virgin islands was so un
pleasant that President Roosevelt felt
Impelled to settle it himself. So he
removed frflm office
the two chief battlers,
Gov. Paul M. Pearson
and Judge T. Webber
Wilson, had other jobs
found for them, and
nominated as Pear
son's successor Law
rence W. Cramer, who
was serving as lieu
tenant governor of St.
Croix Island. Confir
mation of this appoint
ment was not imme
dlate. The senate committee investi
gating the islands affairs was slow in
making up its mind about Cramer, and
from St Thomas came the news that
the foes of the Pearson administration
there, together with a delegation from
St Croix, were protesting vigorously
against the President's selection of a
i The Emancipator, opposition paper,
"The islanders would about as soon
have Pearson, for under Cramer no
change of policy can be expected. Poor
and unknown as the humble people of
the Virgin islands may be, they are en
titled to an example of honor and cour
age from the President of the Amer
The disposal of Pearson and Wilson
also aroused criticism in Washington.
The former had been attacked stead
ily by Pat Harrison of Mississippi and
other Democratic senators, but Secre
tary of the Interior Ickes had defended
him warmly, so he was given a job un
der Ickes, being made assistant direc
tor of housing In the PWA at $S,000 a
year, a place not previously filled.
In order to provide a Job for Judge
Wilson, a former congressman from
Mississippi and a protege of Senator
Harrison, a woman was forced off the
federal parole board. Attorney General
Cummings requested and obtained the
resignation of Dr. Amy A. Stannard,
a psychiatrist who has been in the gov
ernment service 12 years with a civil
service status and had been a member
of the parole board since 1930. Wilson
was sworn in as her successor. Since
Wilson's qualifications for the place ap
peared to be chiefly political, observ
ers In Washington noted sadly that the
parole board was getting back into po
WHAT was In the cigar box
wrapped In a newspaper? That
Is what Senator Hugo Black, chairman
Of the senate lobby committee, want
frt lrnnw Bnfnrn
the committee for
questioning was John
W. Carpenter of Dall
as, president of the
Texas Power and
Light company. He ad
mitted freely that he
and other utility men
had hotel conferences,
dinners and a trip
down Chesapeake bay
with congressmen dur
the fight over the
Wheeler-Rayburn bill, and that he
himself had centered his efforts on
Texas congressmen. But of the mys
terious box he could or would tell
nothing. Black probed and probed, and
finally asked: ?
*'Do you still say that In the morn
ing (of the day before the vote on the
utilities bill 'death sentence') you
didn't give a congressman a box
wrapped up In a newspaper?"
Carpenter replied quietly: "I don't
think I did, unless it was a few ci
Senate and house conferees met to
consider the utility control bill, but
there were small signs that they could
get together, and one session ended
abruptly in a real row. Two admin
istration lobbyists, Benjamin Cohen
and Dozier A. De Vane, were brought
into the executive session by Senators
Wheeler and Barkley and though Rep
resentative George Huddleston pro
tested, their continued presence was
insisted upon. Whereupon the fiery
Alabama congressman and his fellows
from the house walked out and broke
up the meeting. Cohen is generally
given credit for writing the measure.
After leaving the committee room,
Huddleston said flatly that the house
conferees woud not recede from the
position that the "death sentence"
must be eliminated.
r\ PPONENTS of the AAA amend
ments designed to strengthen the
powers of Secretary of Agriculture
Wallace decided to let the basic act
go up to the Supreme court, so the ad- !
ministration bill was passed by the |
senate with only 15 adverse votes. I
Both Republican and conservative
Democratic toes of the AAA are con
fident that the Supreme court will hold ,
the basic act unconstitutional and an
early test is assured by a senate
amendment permitting suits to recover
processing taxes that have not been
passed on to producers or consumers.
One of the major purposes of the
amendments was to close the courts,
but the senate rejected this scheme by
a vote of 41 to 23. As a result, the
Hoosack Mills case, in which the Bos
ton Circuit Courts of Appeals held the
AAA unconstitutional, will not be
thrown out and the highest tribunal
will have a chance to pass upon It.
Amid so much adverse criticism, the
action of the Midwest farm leaders
gathered In Chicago must have been
soothing to Mr. Wallace. Resolutions
were passed praising the secretary
and congressional leaders for their ef
forts in behalf of "agricultural equal
The farm leaders urged senate ap
proval for the commodity exchange
bill, passed by the house, and asked
re-establishment of the Pacific North
west Wheat Export corporation under
the AAA to prevent wheat surpluses
In that area from competing with Mid
west wheat and other grains.
IMMEDIATE convocation of the
League o'f Nations council to deal
with the Italo-Ethioplan question was
demanded by Uaile Selassie, emperor
of Ethiopia. On his
behalf the demand
was telegraphed to
the league secretariat
at Geneva by Tacla
minister to France
and delegate to the
league. He insisted
that the council pro
ceed to the examina
tion of the situation
under article XV of
the league covenant,
Ethiopia invoking this
article because of the "threat to her
Independence from Italy."
British dispatches said Prime Minis
ter Stanley Baldwin and leading mem
bers of his cabinet were believed to
favor full league action, If other na
tions agreed, as a last resort to avert
the threatened conflict Diplomatic
quarters in London heard that the
British government probably would al
ter its policy and permit the export
of arms to Ethiopia. The emperor's
new minister there, W. C. Martin, had
a conference at the foreign office and
came out smiling happily but saying
DERMANENT federal control of the
liquor business is provided for In a
bill which was passed by the bouse and
sent to the senate with prospects of
early adoption by that body. The meas
ure, which creates within the treasury
a new agency to be known as the fed
eral alcohol administration, was asked
by the President to replace the FACA
killed by the Supreme court's NRA de
cision. Mr. Roosevelt wanted the new
agency to be an independent office, but
the house decided otherwise.
FARMERS in the Middle West, ready
to harvest their crops, found they
couldn't get hands to do the work.
The idle men ordinarily counted on
for this were on the relief rolls and
declined offers of farm labor for two
reasons: The wages paid by the farm
ers were less than the sums received
from the relief organization or for
government works, and if the men once
went off the dole they feared they
would have trouble getting back there
when the harvest was over. The sit
uation was desperate and emergency
relief commissions were urged to take
action. This they did in the states af
fected and it was announced the "re
volt" was under control.
The Illinois commission stopped all
relief works in the rural areas until I
after harvest In Kansas persons re
fusing any temporary employment were
removed from the relief roils. In Ne
braska 26 counties were cut off from
federal relief allotments and In 15 oth
ers the allotments were cut in half.
In nearly a score of Iowa counties
officials denied relief and able-bodied
men on relief rolls were admonished
to accept employment in the harvest
In North Dakota ail but specialized
projects were halted and the state ad
ministrator announced that as soon as
the harvest was over the new works
progress administration would take
care of nnemployables.
."IHESTER a DAVIS. AAA admlnls- I
AJ trator, and his fellow officials wera
grevlously shocked when they were
shown this classified real estate adver
tisement In thd Globe of Joplln, Mo.:
"Dandy way to make money: Buy
this 13 acres for hog raising. Sign up
with the government to not raise, say,
500 hogs. It will pay you $1,000. That
will pay for the acres and have some
I "It's preposterous!" exploded Mr.
Davis. "It's at least preliminary to
fraud. It's deliberate misrepresenta
tion and not In any way possible. I
shall begin an Investigation at once."
ETERMINATION of the Nazis to
| ^ put an end to "political Catholi
cism" In Germany and their consequent
drive against Catholic youth organlza
nun s may oring on
results more serious
even than has the
General Goerlng, head
of the secret police,
gave out a warning to'
Catholic priests to be
careful In their com
ments from the pulpit,
and Franz Guertner,
minister of Justice, Is
sued a decree threat
ening prosecution for
any ' priest violating
Goering's injunction. Throughout the
country generally the Catholic clergy
was cautious, but in Freiburg, Baden,
where the Goering order had not been
published before Sunday, the priests
read in their pulpits a letter from the
episcopate calling the Nazi action a
violation of the concordat with the
Vatican. To this charge the Nazis re
ply that the Catholics were the first
to violate the concordat by making at
tacks on the Hitler youth movement
In their parish papers.
This new "purge" by the Nazis in
cludes a renewed crusade against the
Jews and dissolution of the Steel Hel
mets, veterans' organization, in vari
ous provinces. The Jews are helpless
and. If Juljus Streieher has his way,
will be all driven out of Berlin or se
gregated in ghettos. But the Steel Hel
mets, whose chief is Minister of Labor
Franz Seldte, are likely to cause the
Hitler government a lot of trouble.
A/f AYOR LA GCARDIA of New York
A'-a has created an International in
cident all by himself. He backed up
License Commissioner Paul Moss in his
refusal to license one "Mr. K" to work
in the metropolis as a massage oper
ator because he is a German. The
German diplomatic officials were pre
paring to complain to the State de
partment that the city was violating
the German-American commercial
treaty of 1925. But Mr. La Guardla
declared the treaty is null and void
"because Germany has discriminated
against American citizens of Jewish
He Indicated that not even the State
department can force him to back
TP HAT wholly un-American proce
dure, the general strike, was tried
out by organized labor In Indiana and
the 67,000 Inhabitants of Terre Haute
were deprived of all food supplies.
The local authorities of Vigo county
called on the governor for help and
Mr. McNutt promptly ordered 14 com
panies of the National Guard to tho
scene. Brig. Gen. Wray De Prez, in
command, promised the merchants who
had been bullied Into shutting their
shops would be given protection, and
said his first endeavor would be to
restore the milk and Ice service. This
bad been cut off even from hospitals.
The general strike was called by 48
unions without warning, because labor
leaders had been unable to reach an
agreement with the Columbian En
ameling and Stamping company. Some
600 of that concern's employees went
on strike In March and the plant was
closed down, but the union leaders
thought It was about to be reopened
Conciliators from the Department of
Labor arrived and within 48 hours the
general strike collapsed and was called
off by the union officials In charge. The
strike at the stamping company, how- I
ever, continued in effect and several
times the troops were forced to use
tear gas bombs to disperse riotous
Terre Haute merchants estimated
that the two days' strike cost them at '
least half a million dollars. The state
spent probably $.70,000 In maintaining
order by use of the troops. The state
federation of labor asserted the sym
pathy walkout was unauthorized.
DROPPING all their rebellious In
dignation, the Democrats of the
house did everything the admlnlstra- |
tlon wished In considering the social
security bill as altered by the senate. ]
The conferees had settled all dif
ferences after two weeks of hard work,
but one of the amendments they ac
cepted was that permitting private
pension systems to function under the
measure. The majority members of
the house were Informed that Presi
dent Roosevelt was opposed to this, so
they refused to accept it The senate
would not permit the elimination of
the amendment so back to conference
went the bill.
L. W. Cramer
Mill. I ?
Where Uncle Sam Will Bury Billions of Gold
IN PREPARATION for another major transfer of the government's huge gold reserve, secret orders have been Issued
In Washington for the rush construction of a subterranean vault In the center of Fort Knox (shown here from
the air), an army post 31 miles from Louisville. Into the vault will be transferred a good portion of the billions In
gold now held by the government In New York and Philadelphia. The structure will be built In continuation of the
policy of moving precious monetary reserves away from vulnerable cities on the coast to more Isolated Inland
Bedtime Story for Children
By THORNTON W. BURGESS
DANNY FINDS A REFUGE
AS DANNY MEADOW MOUSE anx
iously looked this way and that
way for a place to hide from Buster
Bear, a sharp, squeaky voice almost In
his very ear made him Jump. "What
are you doing over here. Cousin
Danny? Aren't you lost?" said the
sharp, squeaky voice.
Danny turned quickly to find a lit
tle round hole In the ground between
the roots of the tree, and Just inside
was the trim little head of his cousin,
Whltefoot the Woodmouse.
"Oh 1" cried Danny. "Buster Bear
is trying to catch me and I don't know
what to do."
"Come in here," replied Whitefoot
Danny didn't need a second invita
tion. He darted In Just as Buster Bear
reached the tree on the other side.
Buster promptly tried again the trick
by which he had so nearly caught
Danny. He reached a great paw
around the trunk of the tree and
brought it down swiftly. But he was
too late. There was no one under that
big paw. Buster watched and listened,
but he saw nothing and heard nothing.
Then he walked around the tree to
investigate. There was no sign of
Danny Meadow Mouse. But between
the roots of the tree was a little round
"Huh!" grunted Buster Bear and
began to dig furiously.
Now Buster Bear's claws are long
and stout and when he sets out to dig
he makes things fly. But Whltefoot
the Woodmouse knows all about those
great claws of Buster, and when he
made that little round hole he made
It right under the big roots of that
tree. It didn't take Buster long to find
out that It was quite useless to try to
dig out Danny Meadowmouse. You
see, those big roots were In the way.
So after a minute or two of useless
digging Buster gave up. It was foolish
to waste time there when he might be
I hunting for and finding sweet little
beechnuts. So, grumbling deep In his
throat. Buster walked off and once
more began to rake over the leaves In
search of beechnuts.
Meanwhile Danny Meadow Mouse
had followed his cousin, Whltefoot the
Woodmouse, along a little tunnel
among the roots that led him some
distance away from where he bad en
tered. It was a very nice little tunnel.
Danny said as much as he scampered
along after Whltefoot. Whltefoot was
pleased but he didn't say anything.
He just scampered along and Danny
followed. After a while they came out
in the heart of a big, hollow stump.
"Now," said Whltefoot, "you have
nothing to worry about from Buster
Bear. Tell me what happened and
what you are doing so far away from
?, Y. W. Burgess.?WN'U Service.
A S PICNIC days are here again, we
** turn to our lists of good things
which we have enjoyed and plan a
picnic lunch. Those who find some
food hard to digest will enjoy them
and have no discomfort when eaten
out of doors after a brisk hike, or
even a stroll through the woods.
When packing a lunch, remember
to put some of the goods that add
zest such as green onions, fresh rad
ishes, cucumbers and a few pickles,
sweet and sour. Pickled beets, onions,
chow, are all relishes which are en
Joyed with the other food.
The sandwiches may be cut and
made just before serving, with let
tuce, a slice of cucumber and onion,
as filling. Baked bean sandwiches are
always enjoyed for a hearty meaL
Serve them with sliced sour pickle.
Most picnic lunches are made up
of starchy and sugar foods. Some of
these are needed but the alkaline
foods will be needed or headaches
and Indigestion will result.
Fruits, green vegetables, celery, to
matoes, are all good to combine with
the sandwiches, rolls and cakes. Meats
are acid forming foods and should
be used sparingly.
With the crisp lettuce carried In a
towel, well wrapped, add sliced
oranges or tomatoes or apples and
serve with a french dressing all pre
pared and carried in a tight Jar or
With ail the disadvantages, snakes,
mosquitoes, poison ivy. the more we
go on picnics, the more we learn
^you Know? I
That the chrysanthemum be
came the national flower of
Japan in the Fourteenth cen
tury? It is called Kiku there.
Some botanists say that it
was once only a common
C McClure Newspaper Syndicate.
b, ED WYNN, The Perfect Fool |
Dear Mr. Wynn:
I am a coed, at a well known col
lege, and am crazy about a boy my
own age who goes to the same col
lege. He gave me a lovely cigarette
holder for my birthday and his birth
day Is next Saturday. I saw a whisky
flask. In a shop window, which was
made to look like the seven of spades.
Don't you think that Is a cute present
to buy blm?
Answer: The present Is all right,
but he's liable to leave It on a table
In some fraternity bouse, and some
other student might come along with
the eight of spades and take It.
Dear Mr. Wynn:
I hare been engaged to a young man
for nearly six months and we were to
be married In June, but last night he
confessed to me that he had a wooden
leg. What shall I do?
Answer: Break It off.
Dear Mr. Wynn:
My wife and I had an argument last
night about the army. My wife says,
In order for a man to be burled with
"military honors" he must be a cap
tain, while I say he must be a general.
Which If us Is right?
Answer: Tou are both wrong. In
order for a man In the army to be
burled with full military honors he
must be dead.
Dear Mr. Wynn:
Every month, a club I belong to,
bolds a meeting at which all the mem
bers bare to tell a story on a subject
which Is told us a week before the
meeting. The subject, for our next
meeting. Is: "The Stingiest Man I
Know." Will you tell me the stingiest
man you ever met?
O. COMM TELLMEE.
Answer: The stingiest man I ever
heard of was a man who fell over
board and as he was swimming ashore
a policeman hollered to him that It
was $50 fine for swimming In that
river and when the man heard that he
just threw up his hands and sunk.
Dear Mr. Wynn:
I bought a new suit, the other day,
and the first time I put It on. the
coat split up the back. Bow do you
account for that?
Answer: The buttons were sewed
on too tight.
C Aaa<vlate<J Newspaper*.
A LITTLE NEW
By ANNE CAMPBELL. |
A LITTLE new soul came dow?
On a sunlit cloud, from far away.
She stole the blue from the morning
And a star for each of her pretty eyes.
She grasped at the dawn, and in hei
The rosy glow of the morning lingers
A little new soul came down to lift
Our weary hearts with her hopeful
She brushed by the sun and plucked
And she brought God's lore for our
arms to hold.
A little new baby, with dreams in her
Came to show us the pathway to Para
what to avoid and the more pleasure
we get from them.
Where there is a stream of clear
water or a spring, all the green things
may be kept cool and fresh as If
taken from a refrigerator at home.
Much can be said of the sunshine, the
glorious out of doors, green trees,
grass and Sowers, son baths, swim
ming, games and Just loafing when
yon picnic. They all outweigh the
discomforts, which upset stomachs
and disturb the regular routine.
? Western Ne*i;ap?r Union.
Fan pleats from neck to hem and
from shoulder to eihow appear la
this casual afternoon dress of off
white crepe. The fringed sash ts
polka dotted black satin. From Maxrj
Good Samaritan Aids Helpless Birds
THE! were Just three baby sparrows In need of protection when France* A.
Urban, fourteen-year-old high school girl, saw them flopping about help
lessly In her back yard In Hollywood, Calif., and decided to befriend them. At
her home, the girl placed them In a cage near a window. A day later she heard
' a flutter and saw a grown sparrow, then two, beating wildly against the screen.
Suspecting the visitors were the birds' parents, she placed the cage In the yard
and opened the door. One of the grown birds flew In with worms and fed
them. Each day, now. they are taken Into the yard to be fed In that fashion,
I The girl plans to release the birds as soon as they are able to fly