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The Alamance Gleaner |
'vol. lxi. -
_ graham, n. c., thursday october 3, 1935. no. 35.
Electricity for a Million Far ms
Shown in the inset is Morris L. Cooke, director of the new Rural Electrification authority, and around him are illus
trated some of the tasks REA hopes electricity will soon be doing on a million more farms?"mothering" chicks, lighten
ing household work and filling silos.
By WILLIAM C. UTLEY
Electric light for a million
A whole new set of hired
nands who never get tired and
who work for very little wages for
each of these farms.
Emancipation from backbreaklng
tasks for a million farmers' wives.
These are the ambitions of the new
ly formed rural electrification author
ity which has been created by the fed
eral government to extend to farms
throughout the nation the benefits
which are being enjoyed by only 734,
000 out 6,000,000 of them today.
But the ambitions, of they are real
ized, will have consequences reaching
far beyond their own limits. For bring
ing electric power to a million farms
will create thousands of jobs in city
factories. Manufacturers of light
bulbs, washing machines, refrigerators,
irons, radios and other appliances will
have to keep their factories humming
to keep pace with the demands of Mrs.
Farmer. And Mr. Farmer will want
motors, milking machines, cream sep
arators and other electrical "hired
hands." Before either of these de
mands can be satisfied lines will have
to be built and wiring completed.
Farmers will be able to buy these
appliances, for the government has ex
tended the Electric Home and Farm
authority to a national scope. The
EHFA has enabled farmers in the
Tennessee valley to buy appliances on
easy payments financed by the Recon
struction Finance corporation.
The government, under rhls scheme,
arranges for manufacturers to sell
standard quality equipment to con
sumers at low prices. The purchaser
has to make a cash down payment, but
the EMFA remits the remainder of the
cost to the dealer in cash. Appliances
may be purchased from recognized
dealers in any communities where the
power company co-operates by reduc
ing prices for current. What charges
remain after the down payment are
spread out over three or four years
and are added each month to the cus
tomer's bills for electricity. The pay
ments are turned over to the EHFA as
they are made.
$100,000,000 for Jobs.
The Rural Electrification authority,
under the direction of Morris L. Cooke,
has been assigned $100,000,000 to use
in the next year or two. Even a vast
sum like that would not go very far
if it were used in constructing lines to
farms which are now a comparatively
long way from the lines of any power
company or municipal plant.
But there are some 5.000.000 farms
in America today which are without
electricity. In Its compaign to elec
trify 1.000.000 farms, the REA, accord
ing to director Cooke, will attempt to
bring service only to those in areas
where no new generating plants will
he necessary, where lines can be built
economically from a source of power
which already is working.
The REA, however, will not even in
vestigate the applications of farms
where there is service in the Immedi
ate neighborhood. It will be Interested
in projects where new sectional lines
can be built to electrify whole farm
areas, hot not where s mere extension
?f an already existing line Is asked
by a fanner who lives close to IL
Such cases as these it will leave for
the local power company to develop.
As an example of a case that is
eligible to get REA help, take that of
a group of neighboring farmers who
want electric service. There is a plant
in a city a few miles away, but the
power company has refused to build
lines out to them for the very good
reason that the potential business does
not seem to warrant it. Power com
panies, despite the feelings of cranks
and unreasoning people, are not in
business "for their health."
Feeling that this is a fair attitude
of the company, the farmers, who want
electricity and are willing to pay for
it, band themselves together in a little
co-operative group, go to the company
officials and offer to buy power to be
delivered at the nearest point on the
Here's One Difficulty.
The farmers themselves will build
lines to their farms. To finance the
construction they will borrow the
money from the REA, who, theoretical
ly, investigates the group from every
angle to make sure that the loan Is
a sound one.
"There is nothing very complicated
about this," says Mr. Cooke. "It is not
like launching a great new power
project Involving millions. This whole
operation will not exceed $20,000."
Ah, but only part of the story has
been told. The REA plans for these
co-operative groups suggest that, the
farmers shall buy power from the com
pany at wholesale rates, to be fixed
by negotiation or by the state's pub
lic service commission. This does nor
"set" very well with many of the util
ity companies who have farm cus
Why not? is the natural question,
glancing at the case only superficially.
These farmers who are co-operating
have paid for the installation of the
line; are they not entitled to some
sort of extra consideration for what
they have done?
It so happens that the other farmers
who are already receiving current
from the same power company at re
tail rates will, In effect, have paid for
their lines, too. Why shouldn't they
get wholesale rates? Actually, they
have not, or have paid only in part
Here is the way it works, although
this must be token as a hypothetical
case, for all power companies do' not
have the same agreements with their
Who Pays for the Line?
Let us sav that the cost of a line
built out to a farm is SSOO. The farm
er, supplied for the sake of example
by a middle western utility company
which has been outstanding for its
rural electrification work, is given 80
months in which to pay for the cost of
the line. Ue "pays" for It by guaran
teeing to use a monthly minimum of
electricity equal in cost to one-eightieth
of the cost of the line, which In this
case would be $10, until the 80 months
If he actually uses less than $10
worth Of "Juice" during a month, his
bill is $10 Just the same. But he Is en
titled to all of the benefits every month
that $10 worth of electricity will bring
to him, so he might Just as well use it
up. It's like going to a metropolitan
theater restaurant where there Is a
minimum charge of $2.50 a head; you
can eat Just a sandwich If you want to,
but your bill Is $2.50 just the same;
If you're hungry, you might as well eat
a full dinner, for It Isn't going to cost
you any more. And farmers today are
really hungry for the benefits of elec
tric power to ease their daily tasks.
"If you take away my electricity,
you can just take the farm, too," Is the
way Farmer Gus Swanson, of Fountain
county, Indiana, puts It
Actually, a farmer buying power
from a utility company on such an
agreement Is paying for the cost of
his line only If be falls to use $10
worth of electricity each month. If his
bill Is $10, he gets back dollar for
dollar In electric power.
But If such a customer has a cousin
or a friend over in the next county
who is a member of one of the REA
co-operative groups and Is getting pow
er at a lower rate, power company
officials would have about as much
chance explaining the reason for that
to him as they would hare of making
him under stand the Einstein theory.
He would insist that he was paying for
his line as surely as his cousin, only
in a different way.
The Women Want It.
This, then, is one of the obstacles
that confront the REA ambitions.
Tbey are ambitions, however, that are
worth struggling to attain.
Ask any farmer's wife.
The worker In the city puts In 40
hours of labor every week; she works
04 hours. If she has a large family
she probably works longer than that
If she has a small baby, she works
even longer. He gets paid; she doesn't.
If she hasn't electricity to assist
her she has to do everything the hard
way?the tiring way that puts lines In
her face long before she should have
them. Yet housework Isn't all she has
to do. About 20 per cent of her time
Is taken up with actual farm work.
Eighty-nine out of a hundred farm
wives manage the hen houses. Sixty
six out of a hundred make butter. Da
you think their lives wouldn't be
"heaven" if they only had vacuum
cleaners, washing roovhines. electric
ironers. and?the possession usually
dearest to the heart of an "electrified"
farm housewife?electric refrigerators:
In the state of Wisconsin It has been
found that the farmer spends an aver
age of $230 a year on his passenger
automobile. In a census of more than
half the farms of the country five
years ago It was found that, on the
farms counted, there were 1.13 passen
ger automobiles per farm. That would
indicate that the farmer Is able to
pay for modern comforts if he wants
them badly enough. It must be re
membered that these were passenger
cars, not farm trucks.
The REA wonders why. If there are
cars on 2,030.000 farms, It can't put
electricity on a large share of them.
It has been said that the average
farm Income is $100 a year. But the
REA will of necessity not be looking
to electrify the average farm, but the
one that Is above average, for It is the
above-average farm, as a rule, that Is
located near power service.
C Western New?p?p?r Union.
Weather Station for Airliners to Antipodes
IN THIS photograph the United States coast guard cutter Utasca, sta
* tloued at Honolulu, Is shown off Jarvis Island, where the Aviation Bu
reau of the United States Department of Commerce Is erecting a mete- ,
orologlcal research station for the purpose of making weather records
for future airlines to the Antipodes. This Is the first time the United States
flag has flown on Jarvis Island since 1880.
Bedtime Story for Children
By THORNTON W. BURGESS
T IGHTFOOT the Deer traveled on
through the Green Forest straight
ahead In the direction from which the
Merry Little Breezes were blowing.
Every few steps he would raise his
delicate nose and test all the scents
that the Merry Little Breezes were
bringing. As long as he kept the Merry
Little Breezes blowing In his face he
could be sure whether or not there was
danger ahead of him. You see, the
Merry Little Breezes delight in carry
ing all sorts of scents, and Lightfoot's
nose Is so wonderful that even though
those scents be very, very faint he can
catch them and tell just what they are.
Lightfoot uses his nose very much
as you and I use our eyes. It tells him
the things he wants to know. He knew
that Reddy Fox had been along ahead
of him although he didn't get so much
as a glimpse of Reddy's red coat. Once
he caught just the faintest of scents
which caused him to stop abruptly and
test the air more carefully than ever.
It was the scent of Buster Bear. It
was so very faint that Lightfoot knew
Buster was not near, so he went ahead
, again, but even more carefully than
before. After a little he couldn't smell
Buster at all so be know then that
Buster had simply passed that way go
ing to some other part of the Green
[ So Lightfoot knew that he had noth
ing to fear Id that direction so long
as the Merry Little Breezes brought
him none of the dreaded man-scent,
and be knew that he could trust the
Merry Little Breezes to bring him that
scent If there should be a man any
where in that direction. The Merry
Little Breezes are Lightfoot's best
friends. But Lightfoot didn't want to
keep goiDg In that direction all day.
It would take him far away from that
part of the Green Forest with which he
was familiar and which he called home.
It might In time take him out of the
Green Forest, and that wouldn't do at
all. So after a while Llghtfoot became
uncertain. He didn't know Just what
to do. Vou see, he couldn't tell wheth
er or not that hunter with the terrible
gun was still following him.
Every once In a while he would stop
In a thicket of young trees or behind
a tangle of fallen trees uprooted by
the wind. There he would stand facing
the direction from which he had come
and watch and listen for some sign
that the hunter was still following. But
after a few minutes of this he would
grow uneasy and then bound away In
the direction from which the Merry Lit
tle Breezes were blowing so as to be
sure of not running Into danger.
"If only I could know If tbat hunter
is still following I would know better
what to do," thought Llghtfoot. "I've
got to And out."
? T. W. Burgess.?WNU Service.
By ANNE CAMPBELL
IX SEEMS as If the whole lost sum
When we are burning leaves,
So melancholy Is the smoky scent
Of this fall sacrament.
It was a few short weeks ago they
In lively green, and flung
Their shade upon the heedless passers
! And challenged the blue sky.
Now In a wooden basket, drab and
They are pulled down;
I They who In such high place were
Since early spring.
There is In burning leaves a sense of
As In we toss
The match, and watch them perish In
a breath. . . .
This, then, Is Death!
Dear Mr. YYynn:
I am a woman forty-three years of
age and the only offer of marriage I
hare ever had was last night. I met
a fellow at a party and he was drunk.
He proposed marriage to me. He seems
all right but I told him to sober up and
then ask me to marry him. Did I do
L M. HOMELY.
Answer: Yes and no. He may not
want you when he's sober.
Dear Mr. Wynn:
My wife fights with me all the time
because I won't get my hair cut I
claim It looks good, but she says It Is
too long. Do you think I should have
it cut short?
Answer: The only trouble with a
man having his lialr cut short is that
he Is often mistaken for his wife.
Dear Mr. Wynn:
Do chestnuts have legs?
L M. WORRIED.
Answer: No, my dear friend, chest
nuts do not have legs. You must have
swallowed a worm.
Dear Mr. Wynn:
I am a cook In a prlv .te home. There
are no marks on the faucets In the
kitchen to show the hot water and
cold water I have scalded my fingers
nearly every day. What can I do to
prevent this from happening again?
L M. DUMB.
Answer: Just feel the water first.
Dear Mr. Wynn:
I am Interested In the "Little Thea
tre Movement." I have Interested some
rich men and they are bnlldlng a very
odd theater. There will be no rows of
seats, only boxes. In other words ev
ery person who comes to see ou. .plays
That brunette babies are the
bravest when being baptized?
According to Rev. Dr. Short,
for 35 years a Methodist
minister, blond babies howl,
brunettes smile, baldheaded
ones look blank while it is
usually the fat ones who cry
? McC'lure Newspaper Syndicate.
Hat and Haiter
Hat and halter to match Is a new
fashion whim. This hat is made of
suede cloth in sherwood green ^ith a
rust colored bandeau and sash. The
long tassels are dark green.
will be in a box. Can you suggest a
fitting name for onr odd theater?
OPPEB E. HOOSE.
Answer: As the "Little Theatre
Movement" Is popular, and as you have
no rows of seats, and as you will prob
ably do a big business, and pack the
boxes, why not call It "The Sardine"?
? Associated Newspaoers.?WNT Serrics.
?> MOTHER'S *
COOK BOOK ?
WE AI.L like to serve occasionally
something 9 bit different and out
of the ordinary, but for the dally diet
the common foods simply served we
enjoy the best.
Golden Coconut Shortcake.
Allow two slices of sponge cake for
each serving. Prepare orange sauce
by using one cup of orange Juice
thickened with corn starch, adding a
bit of sugar and butter. Cover each
slice of the cake with the sauce In
sandwich fashion, cover with thinly
sMced oranges and top with freshly
grated and sweetened coconut
Dissolve one Junket tablet In a table
spoon of cold water, add to a pint of
lukewarm milk a little almond flavor
ing and a halt cup of maple sirup.
Serve with the top of the sherbet
glasses sprinkled with grated maple
sugar or sprinkle with finely shredded
Stuffed Tomato Salad.
Scoop out the centers of six ripe
even sized tomatoes. Chop the cen
ters and add one cup of cooked rice,
four tablespoons of cheese grated, one
hard cooked egg, two tablespoons of
pimiento and one small onion, all
minced; season with salt, a little
lemon Juice and any other desired sea
soning. Fill the tomato cups and
chill. Serve on lettuce with salad
Pot of Cold Dessert.
Mix one-half cup of sugar with one
fourth cup of cornstarch, add a bit of
salt and a cupful of rich milk, one
cup of orange juice and when cooked
until smooth and thick In a double
boiler add two tablespoons of butter
and the well beaten yolks of two
eggs. Let cook until smooth. Serve
molded in Individual molds, with
Small slim pickles may be cut into
very thin slices, without cutting way
to the stem end of the pickle, then
spread out the slices In the form of
a fan and use as garnish for sand
wiches or the sandwich plate.
? Western Newspaper Union.
First Copper House Is Completed
THIS copper house has Just been erected at Betbesda, Md? by a subsidiary
of one of the big copper corporations and Is open to the public for inspec
j lion. The new dwelling Is the first of Its kind In this country. Hardwood floors
are built orer a fire-proof sub-floor, and Inside walls are plastered on metal
laths. The house Is completely alr-cooditloned. The cost of these houses de
pends on size and design, with present designs ranging upwards from $4,9001
= By V. V.
The beauty of your face and the
smart appearance of your clothes de
pend tt?is season on your carriage. To
obtain a regal bearing, practice walk
ing with a book balanced on your head,
shoulders thrown bark so far that you
may book your elbows through a
broom handle. A stately stature will
have much to do with smartness of any
costume and the effectiveness of coif
fure and make-up.
Copyright b* Public Ledger, tnc.
1 'Pop, what Is a gesture?"
e Bell 8radicate.?WNC Service