North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
The Alamance gleaner
vrnl T YI ~~ "
- GRAHAM, IV, C., THURSDAY OCTOBER 17,, 1935. NO. 37.
News Review of Current
Events the World Over
Italy Is Outlawed by League of Nations, Austria and Hun
gary Objecting?Hauptmann's Death Sentence
Upheld by Appeals Court.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
? Western Newspaper Union.
BECAUSE It was prosecuting an un
declared war on Ethiopia, Italy
was condemned as a violator of the
covenant of the League of Nations
ana virtually ue
clared to be an out
law against which
economic and finan
cial sanctions are to
be applied. That was
the decision of 52
members of the league
in a memorable meet
ing of its assembly in
Geneva. Three na
tions, Italy Itself and
Austria and Hungary,
refused to associate
themselves with the ns
The Austrian and Hungarian repre
sentatives already had announced that
they would not participate in any sanc
tions against Italy because of their
political and economic relations with
the Fascist government
1 If any of the nations concurring in
the league's decision wishes to declare
war on Italy, it now has the legal
right to do so. The nature of the pen
alties to be imposed and the manner
of procedure was to be determined by
a committee Including all members of
the league council, except Italy, and all
Italy's neighbor nations except Austria
The meeting of the assembly first
heard an eloquent speech on Italy's
behalf by her chief delegate, Baron
Pompei Alois!. He charged that the
league had been unfair, that it had
used "two weights and two scales" In
its work, that it had acted against Italy
where It did not act against Japan In
the Manchurian crisis, that It did not
even consider Italy's complaints against
"Why not Japan?" he asked. "Why
not Bolivia and Paraguay in the Chaco
war? Why Italy?"
Before the decision nation after na
tion registered its adherence to the
"I shall make only a brief declara
tion," said Pierre Laval of France.
"France will face her obligations. I
said this before the council. I repeat
it before the assembly. The covenant
is our international law."
"Action must now be taken," said
Anthony Eden of Great Britain. "I
declare the readiness of his majesty's
government to take full part in such
Vladimir Potemkin of Bussia an
nounced that his government was de
termined to fulfill its obligations.
Switzerland also emphasized its will
ingness to participate.
"No other delegation has asked to
speak," said President Benes quietly.
"I interpret the silence of all as indi
cating the concurrence of their gov
ernments with the opinion of the
members of the council. The assem
bly will place this on record."
Austria and Hungary cannot of
themselves supply Mussolini with much
in the way of raw materials for war;
but there is the chance that he may
receive, through those countries, ma
terials from Germany if the neutrality
proclaimed by Hitler does not pre
vent Already the big packing com
panies of Brazil have suspended nego
tiations for the sale of 22,000 tons of
meat to Italy, and Greece has stopped
the shipment of donkeys to the Italian
armies. The economic sanctions also
will put an end to much of Italy's ex
port trade, as well as her imports.
\/f A KING good on his threats and
promises, Benito Mussolini sent
his armies crashing across the border
of Ethiopia, starting a war that gave
all Vllrnn. ttlA lit
ters, Under the com
mand of Gen. Emillo
De Bono, chief of the
Italian colonial ar
mies, the Italian troops
from Eritrea, crossing
the Mcreb river fron
tier and capturing Adl
grat and other towns
that had already been
practically ruined by
Ger,. De Bono
pranes. The Immediate objective was .
Aduwa, the scene of the terrific Italian
defeat 39 years ago. After several
days of hard fighting against the de
fending Ethiopians, who lost prab
ab,7 2,000 killed, the InvadejJ |
Marched into Aduwa, and considered
lhat the disgrace of 1S96 had been
avenged. The Italian soldiers of Gen
^ra' Marivlgna's command entered
Urst, carrying to the principal square
and there erecting a big stone monu
ment Inscribed "To the fallen heroes
Italy officially announced that all of
Tigre province was In Italian hands,
and at the same time her columns
were advancing Into Ethiopia from
the south and east, with the city of
Harrar and the country's one railway
as their objective. Squadrons of
bombing planes were flying here and
there, destroying towns and killing
many of the inhabitants.
Recent reports from Addis Ababa
said the Italian minister, whose de
parture had been requested by the
emperor, announced that the Italian
forces in the north sector had occu
pied the holy city of Aksum, the an
cient capital of the queen of Sheba.
There was no resistance, and the Ethi
opians saved their sacred relics.
The king of kings asked that other
Italian legation officials depart with
the minister. The legation, he de
clared, had kept its radio communi
cations in use after being requested
In Rome it was announced that Mus
solini would retort by giving passports
to the members of the Ethiopian lega
tion and would launch a new drive to
ward Addis Ababa.
'Ethiopian cavalry made a daring
raid into Eritrea, killing some Italians,
and capturing others; but there was
a report that a son-in-law of the em
peror and another Ethiopian general
lost their lives In this operation.
UNANIMOUS decision of the New
Jersey court of errors and ap
peals is that Bruno Richard Ilaupt
mann was given a fair trial on the
cuarge ui niuruenug
Col. Charles Lind
bergh's baby son; that
his conviction was In
accordance with the
evidence and that his
death sentence was le
gal. Every contention
raised by the defense
was overruled. In Its
opinion the court said;
"Our conclusion Is
that the verdict Is not
only not contrary to
the weight of the evl
dence, but one to wnicn me evidence
inescapably led. . . . From three
different and. In the main, unrelated
sources the proofs point unerringly to
"(a) Possession and use of the ran
"(b) The handwriting of the ran
"(c) The wood used in the construc
tion of the ladder."
Ilauptmann's attorneys immediately
began preparations for an appeal to
the Supreme Court of the United
States. Their only way is to ask that
tribunal for a review of the New Jer
sey court's action.
To prevent the death sentence being
carried out while such a petition was
pending in the Supreme court, it would
be necessary to have a "stay of execu
tion" issued by the New Jersey courts
or by a justice of the United States
Supreme court If a review Is denied
the case will be closed and Hauptmann
probably will die In the electric chair
late in November or early in December.
GREECE changed back from a re
public to a monarchy overnight
in a bloodless coup d'etat engineered
by the royalists in the armed forces.
Led by Gen. George Kondylis, the army
officers demanded that Premier Tsal
daris Immediately proclaim restoration
of the monarchy. He refused and re
-signed, and a new government with
Kondylis as premier took bold. This
former minister of war then forced out
President Zaimls, abolished the repub
lican constitution, decreed the restora
tion, and was named regent by the na
tional assembly pending the return of
King George II, who was called back
from exile. Though the change of form
of government thus seemed completed,
the assembly directed that a plebiscite
on the question be held November 3,
and in London the Greek king's equerry
said George would await its result.
QUITE Inadvertently, Secretary of
' the Navy Swanson revealed the
fact that our government Is preparing
to take part in another naval confer
ence in London within three months.
Mr. Swanson, replying to some ques
tion at his press conference, said he
would send Admiral William H. Stand
ley, chief of operations, to the London
meeting as the navy's representative
because of his good work at the last
f*>nversations on naval limitation.
H AMILTIN FISH, JR.. congressman
from New York, Is goiDg to be a
candidate for the Republican Presi
dential nomination and will throw his
bat into toe ring about
the middle of Decem
ber. He will enter
tbe primaries in the
and southern states.
Mr. Fish has not yet
this intention, but he
told an interviewer
the other day that if
he were elected he
would have a non
partisan cabinet that
.. *UV.1UUV> lilC UC91 UiUlUO 1U llic
country regardless of political affilia
tions. He even went so far as to give
out a long list of the men and women
from which he would choose his cab
inet members. For instance, his sec
retary of state will be either Senator
Borah, Senator Hiram Johnson, Bain
bridge Colby, John W. Davis or New
ton D. Baker. For secretary of com
merce he would have either Herbert
Hoover or Frank Philips of Oklahoma.
Senator Carter Glass heads the list for
secretary of the treasury; Edward a.
Hayes jfor secretary of war; It. B.
Creager of Texas for postmaster gen
eral ; Judge Charles Lockwood of
Brooklyn for attorney general ;A1 Smith
for secretary of labor; Frank O. Low
den for secretary of agriculture; Theo
dore Roosevelt, Jr., for secretary of the
navy, and Former Vice President
Charles Curtis for secretary of the In
American federation of la
bor opened its annual conven
tion In Atlantic City with many prob
lems up for discussion. In its report
the executive council advocated pres
ervation of the national constitution,
without amendment for the present,
as best for industrial recovery. It said:
"That some control must be exerted
over the former system of lalssez falre
cannot be denied.
"The experiment," the report added,
(NRA), "which ha3 been concluded,
has helped to point the way to the
goal which we must seek. How is
congress to acquire that control over
the Industry and trade of our country
which will make possible the neces
"Until exhaustive studies have been
made with respect to attaining this
great objective, under onr present con
stitution, we cannot recommend just
what steps should be taken In connec
tion with this particular problem."
The federation's determination to
keep out the Communists was empha
sized by its action in refusing to seat
E. M. Curry, president of the Inter
national Foundry Workers' union, be
cause he was a Communist candidate
for congress in Michigan three years
QUITE without ceremony, Chief
Justice Charles Evans Hughes
and the eight associate Justices of the
Snnreme court of the United States
took possession of
their new ten million
dollar home which on
the outside resembles
a Corinthian temple.
Everything In the
handsome building was
new except the nine
chairs the eminent
jurists occupy, and
these would have
been replaced If the
architects and deco
rators bad had their
There wag a big crowd present to
see the justices open the first term ot
court In the palatial structure but only
a few spectators could get Inside. The
first business was the admission of
more than 150 lawyers to practice
before the court Then the calen
dar was read. On this calendar are six
cases which hold the fate of the New
Deal. The most Important of these Is
one which will determine the validity
of the agricultural adjustment act
ANNAPOLIS was full of nary men,
ranging from admirals down to
ordinary seamen, on October 10, for
that was the ninetieth anniversary of
the founding of the United States
Ncval academy and It was celebrated
In fine style. Heading a group of dis
tinguished guests not Identified with
the service was Prof. Wilder D. Ban
cioft, whose grandfather, George Ban
croft, famous historian, founded the
academy when he was secretary of the
navy under President Polk. A feature
of the exercises was a sham battle in
which midshipmen landed from boats,
scaled the seawall and attacked the
academy under protection of a bar
rage laid down by a sub-chaser.
DOWN In Lower California aboard
the cruiser Houston President
Roosevelt called Secretary Ickes and
WPA Administrator Harry Hopkins
Into his cabin and studied the work
situation on the basis of reports from
Washington. After long considera
tion he formally approved $26,000,000
In works projects in Pennsylvania.
After some fishing In Arenas bay,
Mr. Roosevelt headed straight out into
the Pacific ocean for Cocoa Island off
the coast of Costa Rica.
Government Employees Work on Theater Stage
WITI1 the largest number of em
ployees In Washington since the
war, the government Is so crowded
for office space that It has taken over
the Washington auditorium. The pho
tograph shows a division of the FEItA
at work on the stage of the big theater.
Bedtime Story 'for Children
By THORNTON W. BURGESS,
THE HUNTED WATCHES THE
IT WAS so quiet and peaceful and
altogether lovely there in the Green
Forest where Llghtfoot the Deer lay
resting behind a pile of brush near the
top of a little hill that It didn't seem
I possible such p. thing as sudden deatn
could be anywhere near. It didn't
seem possible that there could be any
need for watchfulness. But Lightfoot
long ago learned that often danger is
neardst when it seems least to be ex
pected. So. though he would have
liked very much to take a nap. Light
foot was too wise to do anything so
foolish. He kept his beautiful great,
soft eyes fixed in the direction from
which the hunter with rlie terrible gun
i would eome if he were still following
[ Lightfoot's trail. He kept his great
! ears gently moving to catch every
I.lghtfoot had about decided that the
hnnta. Kn/1 .... K. ? .1 V .1?.
Iiau feiivu Uii iniimiip iUr umi
day, but he didn't let this keep him
from being any the less watchful. It
was better to be overwatchful than the
least bit careless. By and by Light
foot's keen ears taught the sound of
the snapping of a little stick In the
distance. It was so faint a sound that
you or I would have missed it alto
gether. But Lightfui heard it and In
stantly he was doubly alert, watching
in the direction from which that, faint,
sound had come. After what seemed a
long time he saw something moving
and a moment later a man came Into
view. It was the hunter and across
one arm he carried the tertlhV gun.
Light foot knew now that this hunter
had patience and perseverance and had
not yet given up hope of getting near
enough to shoot him. The hunter
moved forward slowly, setting each
foot down with the greatest care so as
not to snap a stick or rustle the leaves.
He was watching sharply ahead, ready
to shoot should he catch a glimpse of
Lightfoot within range. Itight alone
through the hollow at the foot of the
little hill below Lightfoot the hunter
passed. He was no longer studying
the ground for Lightfoot hail left no
tracks. He was simply hunting In
the direction from which the Merry
Little IIree7.es were blowing because
lie knew that Lightfoot had gone In
that direction and he also knew that
if Lightfoot were still ahead of him
his scent could not be carried to Light
foot. He was doing what Is called,
"hunting up wind."
Lightfoot kept perfectly still and '
watched the hunter disappear among
the trees. Then he silently got to his
feet, shook himself lightly, and noise
lessly stole away over the hilltop
towards another part of the Green
Forest He felt sure that hunter
would not find him again that day.
e T. W. Burgess.?WNU Service
Pretty Tweed Coat
Loosely woven tweed. In dark bine,
wine and white, makes this Ions belt
ed back coat that Is worn over a dark
blue one-piece dress. The shoulder
yoke and pockets echo the rounded line
of the coliar. ? J
A GOOD ox tail soup Is a favorite
dish with many. The following
stew Is worth adding to the card In
Ox Tail Stew.
Wash the short lengths of ox tail
and brown in Its own fat. Cook two
chopped onions In two tablespoonfuls
of butter, add to the meat with two
and one-half quarts of water. Sim
mer until the meat is tender. A half
hour before serving add four diced
carrots, two diced turnips and one
large potato, two teaspoonfuls of Wor
cestershire sauce, two teaspoonfuls of
sugar, salt and pepper to taste. When
the vegetables are soft thicken the
stew with flour and water mixed to ?
paste. Cook until well thickened.
Fry one sliced onion In butter, using
two tahlespoonfuls, when soft and yel
low add two cupfuls of boiling water,
one cupful of uncooked rice, two cup
fuls of canned tomatoes, one capful
of round steak ground, two teaspoon
fuls of sugar, salt, pepper and grated
cheese to suit the taste. Cook In a
covered dish until the rice Is soft. Cov
er with the grated cheese and brown
in a hot oven.
Dissolve a junket tablet In a table
spoonful of water, add to a pint of
warmed milk. Flavor to suit the taste.
Slice bananas into sherbet cups and
pour the Junket over them. Let stand
in a warm place until Arm. Mash one
banana and add a tahlespoonful of
lemon juice and beat the white of an
egg until stiff, add one-half cupful of
sugar and the banana; beat until thick.
Add as a topping to the dessert
Lemon Cheese Treat
Prepare a sponge by using one ta
hlespoonful of gelatin dissolved In two
tahlespoonfuls of cold water, add one
and one-half cupfuls of boiling water,
one cupful of sugar, a few grains of
salt and one-fourth cupful of lemon
Juice. When the Jelly begins to thick
en beat with a rotary egg beaten until
light and frothy, then fold In one cup
ful of cottage cheese. Put Into molds
and serve as a dessert or salad.
Q Western Newspaper Union.
Do You Remember a Day
By ANNE CAMPBELL'
DO TOO remember an OctoDer day,
A gold aDd crimson da; of long
'The i for a little while you passed
To touch the maples with a deeper
Do you remember the New England
Where little trees reached up to au
Today June meets October and distills
The roses borrowed from our Paradise.
Do you remember words we did not
Long silences that told us mere than
The Joyous ripple of the silver creek.
And the soft answer of the bright-eyed
Do you remember an October day
Par lovelier than this, when for an
Bright blue October skies reached the
And blest affection burgeoned Into
'?It isn't what she eats that keeps
the boy friend broke," says pertinent
Polly, "it's where she eats."
(?. Del! Syndicate?WNU Service.
Taffeta Taken From Persian
The name taffeta comes from the
Persian word, taftan, which means to
L ? r "^J
"Pop, *hat it a plenipotentiary?"'
??Shipment of gold lace."
C 3?-ll S> ndicmte. ?W M." Service
When the Yatikee Came to Grief
rllK onre trim cup yacht Yankee was a sorry sight after her mast was blown
clear during a race with the Shamrock, the Yelsheda and the Endeavor at
he Dartmouth. England, regatta. The yacht capsized but there were no casual
ies. The Yankee is shown being towed Into Plymouth for repairs.
Question box i
tyEDWYNN, The Perfect Fool | j
Dear Mr. Wynn:
I am taking an examination for a
'letter-carrier'*- position. One question
seems to stick me. I know you will
.-help me, so .here's the question: "What
has four legs and flies all around?"
WILL L PASS.
Well, it's a question which answer
the government wants from you. Two
canary birds have four legs and fly
all around, but I think the answer
you want is as follows: "A dead horse
has four legs and flies all around!"
Dear Mr. Wynn:
I notice articles, : . the newspapers,
which refer to something or other hap
pening in the great peace town, but
they never men'ioi. the name of the
town. I must confess my Ignorance
and ask you to please tell me the
| name of the great peace town.
U It. BRIGHT.
Answer: The greatest peace town I
know of Is Reno.
Z Just entered college this year. My
fatlier wants ne to be a lawyer an J
I want to be a doctoi. Can you tell
Just what you think of these two
professions, so I can choose?
COL. EDGE BO YE.
Answer: A doctor Is a man who
puts medicine, about which he knows
little. Into your stomach, about which
he knows nothing, while a lawyer is a
man who takes money from your ene
my and keeps It for himself.
Dear Mr. Wynn:
I have trouble in keeping my silver
ware clean. They say that whiskey Is
the best polisher of silver. How is It
Answer: Just drink the whiskey and
then blow on the silver.
Dear Mr. Wynn:
I have been reading the pro and con
discussions on "When a Man Is Drunk."
Please tell me when a person can be i
absolutely sure that a man is drunk?
V. It. SOBER.
Answer: A man Is absolutely "drunk"
when he comes home late, puts the
candle In bed, then blows himself out
? Associated Newspapers.?WNU Service.