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THE ALAMANCE GLEANER
GRAHAM, N, C., THURSDAY JAMUARY 3, 1933. NO. 48.
JNews Keview of Current
Events the World Over
Representative Tinkliam's Scathing Attack on Secretary
Perkins ? Senator Lewis Warns Against Any
More Disarmament Treaties,
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
? by Western Newspaper Union.
U*iiv/x*vjiLi n. iu<imiaai, me oeard
ed and sharp-tongued represent
ative from Massachusetts, has revived
the controversy over the Leaenip nf
Nations with an as
sertion that the Unit
ed States is being
slipped into the league
through the back door.
He says the joint res
olution adopted in the
last few days of the
S e e n t y-third con
g r e s s, making the
United States a mem
ber of the interna
tional tabor organiza
tion was the first of
a contemplated series
of moves designed to put the United
v States openly into the league, con
trary to the wishes of the people and
of congress, and Secretary of Labor
Frances Perkins was the especial ob
ject of his attack. Using such harsh
words as "fraud" and "intrigue," Mr.
Tlnkham accused Secretary Perkins of
employing "contemptible trickery" in
advocating the adoption of the resolu
Mr. Tlnkham quoted the labor secre
tary as saying that the international la
bor organization, "is not even now an
Integral part of the League of Nations,
and membership in the organization
does not imply affiliation with the
league." He continued :
"This statement is the grossest per
version of the truth. It is squarely
contrary to the facts? facts established
by an indelible record, the treaty of
Versailles. The statement contained
in the letter of the secretary of labor
was intended to deceive. The secre
tary knfcw. that the congress of the
United States was opposed to entry
into the League of Nations and would
not vote for entry knowingly. Entry
was therefore made surreptitiously
"Article 392 of the treaty of Ver
" The International labor office shall
be established at the seat of the
League of Nations as part of the or
ganization of the league.'
"This audacious intrigue to have the
United States enter the League of Na
tions by way of one of the organs of
the league is to be followed by an at
tempt to have the United States enter
another of its organs, the Permanent
Court of International Justice of the
League of Nations, this subsequently
to be followed by a proposal of full
membership in the League of Nations.
Thus, the Independence of the United
^ States will be destroyed, the will of the
American people thwarted, and the
United States inevitably Involved in
the next European conflict"
SENATOR JAMES HAMILTON
LEWIS of Illinois, chairman of the
senate committee on foreign relations
and a veteran in international con
ferences, has set forth
a view concerning
treaties for disarma
ment or reduction of
armaments that will
meet with the ap
proval of many of hl9
fellow citizens, though
they are sharply at
variance with those
of the administration.
He evidently is glad
the Washington naval
pact is dying, owing oenaior
to the action of Japan, and he says
that in future the United States must,
for Its own sake, remain aloof from
all such agreements, because they are
almost certain to embroil us in war.
, Addressing the National Forum In
Washington, Senator Lewis declared
the recent naval conversations in
London succeeded only In designing
a "chart of death to men, destruction
to nations," and he warned against the
renewal of the Washington treaty.
"Plain It must be," Senator Lewis
pointed out, "that should we enter
the deal, and It Is disobeyed by any of 1
lta parties, the United States must be
called on by the nations involved to 1
lend ourselves to enforce the compact.
This means war upon the United J
States by the nations we threaten to
force to obedience, or war from the na
tions we refuse to aid In the enforce
To the United States nothing but
evil and danger awaits our entrance
Into any International contract with
foreign nations preparing for war on
America wants no war and wants
armaments- only for self-defense, the
senator said, and America does not
recognize the right of any Interna
tional conference to tell her what arms
she needs for that purpose.
"On this right of our own self-de
fense America stands sovereign la her
guarded isolation, " he informed ether
ntaions. "We deny the privilege of
any nation to dictate to the United
States the qwuulty or quality of pro
tection our nation shall adopt."
War can come to the United States
only through her foreign entangle
ments, Senator Lewis explained, and
because of the present warlike attitude
of the world, America must stand
C PEAKING of war, It is interesting
^ to learn that the senate mission to
the Philippines has discovered that
those islands "possess the most im
portant source of war material under
the American flag." Senator Tydings
of Maryland sent the word from Manila
that there' are In Zambales province
deposits of chromite so large that
they have attracted the attention of
other nations. John W. Haussermasn,
dean of the islands' gold mining indus
try, told the senators these deposits
may soon take their place as one of
the most important ore bodies in the
world, and he added significantly that
chromium is the one war material
which the United States does not have
in ample quantities within Its borders.
These deposits in the Philippines were
discovered after the Tydings-McDufBe
independence act was drafted. It is
easy to see that this news will be of
Immense Interest to Japan, which, in
its plans for territorial expansion, is
ever on the lookout for war material
DOPE PICS XI is not optimistic con
* cerning world peace. In his Christ
mas eve address, delivered according
to custom to the cardinals resident in
Rome, the Holy Father said that "the
clamor of war spreads ever farther,"
and he urged the world to pray and
work for peace. "We see a constant
increase in warlike arms," the pope
"This is a distracting element In
which the spirit seems to have no part.
We are on the eve of a day when the
heavens resound with the hymns of
angels calling for peace on earth.
Never lias the chant had more reason
for being than today."
King George, in a radio address to
all parts of the British empire, was a
little more cheerful. He adjured his
"peoples beyond the seas" to remem
ber that they all belonged to one great
"My desire and hope is that the
same spirit of brotherhood may be
come ever stronger in its hold and
?vider in its range," the king said.
"The world is sitll restless and trou
bled. The clouds are lifting, but we
have still our own anxieties to meet I
im convinced that if we meet them in
the spirit of one family we shall over
come them, for then private and party
Interests will be controlled by care for
the whole community."
He made a special effort to reach
the restless multitudes in India, whose
rate now is in the hands of parliament,
by assuring them of hii "constant c^re
President Roosevelt's brief Christ
mas talk was addressed especially to
Ihe citizens of America, calling for
'courage and unity," for greater hap
piness and the improvement o( human
PROSECUTION and defense attor
neys completed their preparation!
for the trial of Bruno Hauptmann on
the charge of murdering the Lindbergh
baby, and tbe little
town of Flemlngton.
X. J., was a busy
place. The names of
IS veniremen were
drawn for examina
tion as Jurors, and tbe
sensation o v ex the
mailing of a satire on
the Lindbergh case to
150 prospective Jurors
died down. C. Lloyd
Fisher, defense coun
sel,. said he would not
isk for a new panel
Betty Gow, the nurse woo put um
Lindbergh baby to bed the night he
iras kidnaped and killed, arrived from
Scotland on the liner Aqnltanla and
rent at once to the Morrow home In
Englewood, X. J., to await her call ax
jne of the state's star witnesses. She
ieclined to talk to reporter*, bat poaed
for cameramen. There was ? report
that Miss Gow might remain In thil
country and take up hrr former job
In the Lindbergh household. She had
acted as nurse for Jon, second son
born to the Lindberghs, until she re
turned to her home In Scotland several
Hauptmann seemed calm as the
time for his ordeal approached, and he
ate a hearty Christmas dinner. Mrs.
Hauptmann, who moyed from the
Bronx to Flemlngton to be near her
husband, made a radio appeal "to the
people of the country to wait until
they hear every side of the story be
fore they condemn him."
She reiterated her belief that Haupt
mann had nothing to do with the kid
naping of Charles A. Lindbergh, Jr.
She repeated her story that Haupt
mann had waited for her at a Bronx
bakery where she worked the night of
the kidnapping and that he had taken
As for the ransom money found In
the Hauptmann home and garage, she
insisted on the truth of her husband's
story that he got the money from Isl
dor Fish, who Is dead. Mrs. Haupt
mann told parts of her story auild sobs.
ONE of the worst American railway
wrecks of the year occurred at
Dundas, Ont., when a Christmas ex
cursion train bound from London, Ont.,
to Toronto was telescoped by the De
trolt-to-Toronto express on the Cana
dian National railways line as It stood
on a siding. Apparently the express
ran through the open switch. Two
wooden coaches were demolished, and
about fifteen persons were killed. More
than a score of others were Injured.
A third coach was thrown on end close
to the edge of a 150-foot cliff.
The alertness and quick thinking of
Engineer B. Burreil of the speeding
train from Detroit, was credited by
railway officials with having averted
an even greater tragedy. Seeing no
hope of preventing the locomotive from
piling into the rear of the special train,
Burreil ordered It cut loose from the
coaches behind and prevented them
SOLDIERS from Great Britain, Italy
Sweden and Holland, to the num
ber of 3,300, under the command of
MaJ. J. E. S. Brind, a British vet
eran of several ware,
marched Into the Saar
from north and south
with flying colors, and
were stationed at stra
tegic points throughout
the area, prepared to
maintain order until
after the plebiscite of
January .13 which will
determine whether the
Saar shall again be
come a part of Ger
many or remain under
control of the League of Nations. The
arrival of the troops was watched by
the league authorities with consider
able anxiety for there had been fears
that Nazi enthusiasts there might cause
trouble. But the Inhabitants of the
basin remained quiet, none of them
showing either enmity or enthusiasm
for the league's armed forces.
Under the terms of the treaty of
Versailles any person living In the
Saar at the time of the signing of the
treaty Is eligible, to vote In the plebi
scite. and the Nazis of Germany made
great efforts to gather as many of
their adherents as possible from other
lands to which they had migrated.
From the United States 352 Saar Ger
mans traveled back to their old home
aboard the liner Bremen, and were wel
comed with feasts, as was another
large contingent from South America.
PEACE In central Europe wag pro
moted by two events. The Jugoslav
ian cabinet resigned and a new cabinet
was formed witb Bogoljub Yertltcb as
premier. As foreign minister be bad
conducted the case of his country
against Hungary before the League of
Nations and accepted the compromise
decision, and be Is a close friend of
Prince Paul, head of the regency, who
la Inclined to a moderate course.
The Austrian government refused the
extradition to France of Colonel Per
chevlcb, Croat exile, who was accused,
along with Dr. Ante Pavellch, of Insti
gating the assassination of King Alex
ander in Marseilles. Italy bad previ
ously refused the extradition of Pave
llch. It la said In informed quarters
that further examination of these two
men would have revealed facta that
would have endangered peace tn Eu
CIL. CHARLES A. LINDBERGH, by
his flights across Arctic regions In
1933, has enabled the Department of
Agriculture to demonstrate conclusive
ly that the spores of plant disease can
be borne on remote air currents.
With a spore trap of his own devis
ing, which he called "the skyhook,"
Colonel Lindbergh obtained specimens
which confirmed the previous theories
of government experts that plant dis
ease* may be carried even across cod,
tlnents by air currents.
That was announced by Fred C.
Meier, the department expert who In
terested Colonel Lindbergh In the
They Grew Them in Alaskan Waters
HEN the United States coast guard cutter Northland returned the other day to Oakland, Calif., after seven months
In Alaskan waters, the wives, sisters and sweethearts of members of the crew had some difficult; In recognizing
tbelr men, for all of them wore luxurious beards. The cutter was on Its annual medical cruise among the Eskimos and
seemingly carried no razors, though nearly every kind of surgical Instrument was in Its equipment It gave medical
and dental aid to 2,000 Eskimos In various ports, and also put ashore a force to help In tbe rehabilitation of Nome
after the big fire.
Bedtime Story for Children
By THORNTON W. BURGESS
PETER LEARNS SOMETHING
ABOUT SEEP SEEP
?< T TELLO! There's Seep Seep! I
IT- haven't seen him since we were
together up north, where his home was
not far from mine,*' exclaimed Yank
Yank the Nuthatch.
As he spoke a llrtle brown bird
alighted at the foot cf the very next
tree. He was Just a trifle bigger than
Jenny Wren but not at all like Jenny,
for while Jenny's tall usually Is cocked
up In the &uclest way. Seep Seep's
tall Is never cocked up at alL In fact
it bends down, for Seep Seep uses his
tall In climbing just as the members
?if the Woodpecker family use theirs.
He was dressed In grayish-brown above
and graylsh-whlte beneath. Across
each wing was a little band of buffy
whit? and his bill was curved down
Just a little.
When be alighted at the foot of that
tree. Seep Seep didn't stop an Instant
but started up, going round and round
it as he climbed and picking out things
to eat under the bark. His way of
climbing that tree was very like creep
ing and I'eter thought that Seep Seep
was well named the Brown Creeper.
He would have liked to gossip with
Seep Seep, but he knew that Seep Seep
would waste no time that way.
Round and round up the trunk of
that tr?e went Seep Seep and, when
he reached the top. at once flew down
to the bottom of the next tree and with
out a pause, started up that He wast
ed no time exploring the branches, but
kept to the trunk. Once In a while
he would cry In a thin little wiry voice.
"Seep! Seep!" but never paused to
rest or look around. If he bad felt
that on blm alone depended the Job
qf getting all the Insect eggs and grubs
on those trees, he could not bare been
"Does he build bis nest In a hole In
a tree?" asked I'eTJr of Yank Yank
"Hello! There'i Seep Seep."
Tank Yank shook his head. "No,"
he replied. "He hunts (or a tree or an
old stub with a piece of loose bark
hanging to It In behind this he tucks
his nest made of twigs, (trips of bark
and moss. He's a funny little fellow
and I don't know of anyone In all the
Great World who more strictly attends
to his own business than does Seep
Seep the Brown Creeper. He's little
bnt he Is mighty useful. Farmer
Brown ought to be gla> every time he
sees blm. By the way, Peter, hare
? MOTHER'S ?
NOW li the season, while citrus
fruit* are plentiful, to prepare
marmalade*. Aa tastes differ aa to bit
terness In the marmalade, one hai to
be guided aa to the amount of the rlod
used Id the mixture. For those who
like a mild and suit flavorful marma
lade use one each of lemon, orange and
One of the most satisfactory salads
for winter la the one of apples ? small
sized Baldwins, or any good apple;
peel carefully after coring and use
apples of uniform size. Cook In sugar
?Irup with a small handful of the lit
tle cinnamon candles, which add flavor
aa well a* color. When cool serve on
lettuce stuffed with cream or cottage
cheese and garnish the top with a sprig
of parsley. ^
* Grapefruit and Almond Salad.
Cut the pulp of two grapefruit Into
dice, add two ounces of blanched and
chopped almonds to the drained pulp.
Dissolve one package of lemon gela
tin with boiling water and the Juice
trom the fruit to make two cupful*,
using one cupful of grapefruit Juice
and one of water. When the mixture
begin* to thicken add the almond* and
a tableipoonful of sugar. Pour Into ?
mold and set away to harden. Serve
with mayonnaise a* a aalad or with
whipped cream a* a ciessert.
Casserol* of Cauliflower.
Soak a bead of cauliflower in aalt
water for half an hour, bead down, to
If there are any Insects lodged In It
they will come out. Break Into sprig*
of floweret* and rook In very little boil
ing water 20 minutes. Take one and
one-half cupful* of cooked macaroni,
one and one-balf cupful* of (trained to
matoes, one-half cupful of grated
cheese, aalt, pepper and buttered crack
er crumbs. Add the cheese to the to
matoes and cook uniil the cheese Is
melted. Season with salt and pepper 1
and pour OTer the layers of cauliflower
and giacaron!. Corer with buttere<l
crumbs' and bake about 20 minute*
C. W?at?:n Nirmpfr Colon '
you seen anything of Dotty the Tree
"Not yet," replied Peter, "but I think
he must be here. I'm glad you remind
ed me of him. I'll go look for him."
?. T. W. Burim-WNU Berrlo*.
By ED WYNN...
TK? Pcrftc< F??|
Dear Mr. Wynn:
Can yoa tell me the worst penalty
Imposed on a bigamist? In other words,
what would be the severe penalty for
a man marrying three women?
Answer: His penalty Is having three
Dear llr. Wynn:
I went Into a very fine cafe and
ordered a cup of coffee, but I refused
vfo drink It It looked Just like "mad."
Can you tell me how or why a reputa
ble cafe could serve coffee that looked
Answer: In all good eating places
you will find the coffee looks like
"mud" for the simple reason that the
coffee Is always GROUND right before
It la cooked.
Dear Mr. Wynn :
I have been In ten drug stores but
have been unable to get any bunion
plasters. The druggists all say thty
wouldn't have then In the place. Can
you tell me why?
L M. A. HEEL.
Answer: The reason the drug stores
MY BOY COMES
By ANNE CAMPBELL
T THINK 1 know what heaven It ltk*
* now ?
A little yard where graaa Is growing
A robin chirping on an apple bough, '
Aa from the fence the crimson roM
It U late afternoon, and suddenly j
I hear the gate click , ? ? the tH
Of youthful footstep* coming close M
A ahadow throws Its length acroM th?
I think I know what heaven la ? tU
Toung arms that I have waited far
An eager voice that T hate mlSMd ta4
And heaven breaks! My boy la hoo4
?, Western Newspaper Union.
This Tyrolean blanket-cape of beiga
waterproof flannel ts trimmer with
brown braid anil leather lacings. The
band-woven wool scarf, bag and gloves
shade from beige to dark red. Tha
Tyrolean shoes are heavy felt ul
haven't any bunion plasters In their
places Is because the druggists are
afraid of the law. There Is a lav
against harboring FOOT-PADS. *
Dear Mr. Wynn :
Where does the goods go when yot
get .* hole in your stocking? ,
Answer: The same place your flat
goes to when you open yoar band.
C- the Awoctatfd Newspapers.
National 4-H Health Champions
HERE arc tbe national health cbamplooa chosen at the 4-H Club couTenttaa
at tbe International Lire Stock exposition in Chicago. The boy champkw.
Inland llonaamltb of Jerauld count;. South Dakota, Is eighteen years old, weighs
l.V, pounds snd Is 5 feet 9 inches tall. The girl champion la Doris Louise Paul
of Muscatine county, Iowa. She Is fifteen yesrs old, weighs 130 pounds and to
5 feet 3 Inches talL