The Alamance gleaner. (Graham, Alamance County, N.C.) 1875-1963, January 14, 1937, Image 1
The Alamance gleaner No. 50 INews Keview of Current Events the World Over ^ ______ * President Roosevelt's Message Rebukes Supreme Court and Asks Increased Federal Powers ? Wisconsin Uni versity Regents Oust President Frank. By EDWARD W. PICKARD ? Western Newspaper Union. THINLY veiled but unmistak able was President Roosevelt's rebuke to the Supreme court in his annual message on the state of the President Roosevelt Union. Standing tri umphant before the lopsidedly Demo cratic senate and house in joint ses sion, the chief exec utive said: "The United States of America, within itself, must continue the task of making democracy succeed. "In that task the legislative branch of our government will, I am con fident, continue to meet the de mands of democracy whether they relate to the curbing of abuses, the extension of help to those who need help, or the better balancing of our interdependent economies. "So, too, the executive branch of the government must move forward in this task and, at the same time, provide better management for ad ministrative action of all kinds. "The judicial branch also is asked by the people to do its part in mak ing democracy successful. We do not ask the courts to call non-ex istent powers into being, but we have a right to expect that conced ed powers or those legitimately im plied shall be made effective instru ments for the common good. "The process of our democracy must not be imperiled by the denial of essential powers of free govern ment." Sketching the program for his sec ond term, the President said legisla tion he desired at this time includ ed extension of the RFC, of his power to devalue the dollar and of other New Deal authorizations about to expire, deficiency appro priations, and extension of the neu trality law to apply to the Spanish civil war. Conceding that NRA had "tried to do too much", he con tinued: "The statute of NRA has been outlawed. The problems have not. They are still with us." The President proposed federal and state supplementary laws to help solve the social and economic problems of a modern industrial democracy and challenged specula tion, reckless over-production and monopolistic under-production as creating wasteful, net losses to so ciety. It was indicated that later on he would seek enlargement of federal powers over industry, agri culture and commerce. No members of the Supreme court were present to hear the re buke by the President, but the house chamber was filled to its ca pacity and there was a spirit of jubilation that broke out in fre quent demonstrations. The loudest of these was accorded to Jim Far ley. THE senate and house met the day before the President ad dressed them and organized, with Mr. Garner of course as president of the former and Speaker Bankhead again ruling over the lower chamber. The one matter of interest in this pro ceeding was the se lection of Sam Ray burn of Texas as majority leader of the house. He had beaten John J. O' Connor of New York in the caucus, hav ing the potent back Sam Raybarn ing of Vice President Garner and presumably of Mr. Roosevelt. Of the total of 16 new senators only two were absent, Clyde L. Herring of Iowa and William H. Smathers of New Jersey, both Democrats. Two new Republican senators were sworn in, H. Styles Bridges of New Hampshire and Henry Cabot Lodge of Massachusetts. Immediately after the President's address had been delivered on Wed nesday, both house and senate hur ried with the neutrality resolution applying specifically to the civil war in Spain. The senate adopted it quickly by unanimous vote, but there were parliamentary delays in the house, and meanwhile the freighter Mar Cantabrico managed to get away from New York with Robert Cuse's cargo of airplanes and munitions for the Spanish loy alists, valued at $2,000,000. ^LENN FRANK, president of the University of Wisconsin, was re moved from office by the board of regents of that great institution, by a vote of 8 to 7, on charges that his administration has not been capable and that he has been ex travagant in personal expenditures for which the state paid. Allegedly, Dr. Frank was ousted because Gov. Philip La Follete demanded it. As one regent said: "He has not been very Progressive." Accused of play ing politics in this affair, the La Follete group replied that there is no politics in their attitude in the sense of political party affiliations or convictions, but that they have been .extremely patient with Dr. Frank over a period of years, and that he has shown himself incom petent in many ways. The "trial" of President Frank occupied two days and aroused in tense interest throughout the coun try, especially among educators. Chairman of the Board H. M. Wilkie and Regent Clough Gates were the prosecutors. Dr. Frank made vigor ous reply to the charges against him, declaring most of them to be "false statements." He explained that he had spent university money for his household furnishings be cause there were none in the big mansion provided for the president, and he forced Gates to retract some accusations. As far as neglect of his duties for outside writing and lectures Dr. Frank noted that most of them were in Wisconsin, for which he never took any pay at all. He has been out of the state 137 times in ten years, he said, and eighty-eight of those trips were specifically with educational groups, alumni bodies or other university business. The remaining engagements, he said, were with groups whose prob lems were related to the problems arising in the various schools. General motors corpora tion flatly refused to consider collective bargaining in its 69 plants except through local management. wnereupon sou dele gates from those plants in ten cities met in Flint, Mich., and granted to a "board ol strategy" power to order a general strike. The board is headed by Homer Martin, in ternational president of the United Auto mobile Workers ot America, one ol the Lewis C. I. O. un A. P. Sloan ions. Eighteen of the corporation's plants already were closed by sit down strikes and walkouts, and 50, 000 of its employees were idle. Alfred P. Sloan, president of Gen eral Motors, is on record as in sisting that no one union shall be the bargaining agency for the cor poration's employees. As he left New York for Detroit he said: "Let them pull workers out. That's the only way I know to find out how strong the union is." Homer Martin has declared that "the question of recognition of the union is not negotiable." William S. Knudsen, executive vice president of General Motors, declared the company never would agree to collective bargaining on a national basis and, despite strikes, would continue to produce automo biles as long as possible. Still there was hope of a peaceful settlement for the G. M. officials seemed likely, at this writing, to agree to a conference with the board of strategy. James F. Dew ey, conciliator for the Department of Labor, and Governor Murphy of Michigan were active in the effort to further negotiations. One stum bling block was the insistence of General Motors that the sit-down strikers must get out of the Fisher Body plants in Flint before any conference could be held. IT WAS announced at the White House that President Roosevelt's eldest son, James, will become a full fledged White House secretary and draw a salary of $10,000 a year after June 1. Until the beginning of the new fiscal year, James will act as secretary but will be on the public pay roll as administrative officer drawing $7,500. At the elevation of James to the secretaryship. Assistant Whit* House Secretaries Stephen T. Early and Marvin M. Mclntyre win also become full secretaries. VI INNESOTA'S new governor, El mer A. Benson, in his inaug ural address took a hard slap at the Supreme court. Said he: "I recommend that you petition congress to submit a constitutional amendment which would remove from the Supreme court its as sumed power to declare unconsti tutional laws passed by congress pertaining to child labor, regulating working conditions in industry and agricultural and industrial produc tion, providing security against old age, unemployment and sickness and social legislation generally. "Progressive America stands helpless to enact needed social and economic reforms while a reaction ary Supreme court has usurped au tocratic powers never intended by the framers of the constitution." A NDREW W. MELLON, Pitts ** burgh multimillionaire and for mer secretary of the treasury, has offered to present to the nation his magiiiuueui art coi lection, valued at $23,000,000, together with a $9,000,000 building for its hous ing in Washington and a fund for its maintenance and in crease. The offer is made through Presi dent Roosevelt, with whom Mr. Mellon has been in corre spondence and con ference on the mat Andrew Mellon ter. It will be submitted to con gress with the President's favorable recommendation. The Mellon collection, part of which is stored in the Corcoran art gallery in Washington, includes many paintings of highest impor tance and some fine works of sculp ture. Lord Duveen of Milbank, head of a celebrated art firm, says that its actual value is more than $50, 000,000 and that it is the "greatest collection ever assembled by any individual collector." ITALY sent a note to the French A and British governments offer ing to withdraw her support from the Spanish Fascists provided all other nations withdrew their sup port from the loyalists. This was Mussolini's reply to the Franco British note urging that no more volunteers be permitted to go to Spain. Evidently it would call for long negotiations before noninter vention became effective. Hitler had not answered the non intervention note, but the German authorities indicated that their "war" of reprisal on the Spanish loyalists for seizure of a German steamship had ceased. Probably realizing that his hope of final victory was slim unless he was ably seconded by Mussolini and Hitler or could speedily cap ture Madrid, General Franco di rected a renewed and violent attack on the capital. Both Madrid and Malaga suffered severely from Fascist air bombardment. The Spanish government at Val encia filed with the League of Na tions a protest against alleged vio lation of its territory and its waters by Germany and Italy. But Ger many isn't in the league, and Italy defies it, so the protest seems futile. P ROWN PRINCESS JULIANA of the Netherlands and Prince Bernhard zu Lippe-Biesterfeld were made man and wife at The Hague, and all the Dutch people rejoiced exceedingly. There were two cere monies, a civil one conducted by the burgomaster in the town hail and a religious one in St. James church. The tall, plump bride wore a silver robe over her wedding dress and Bernhard was in the full dress uniform of the Blue Hussars. Before the wedding there had been a series of disturbing inci dents, including "insults" to the Nazi flag of Germany and protests by Reichsfuehrer Hitler. But apol ogies and explanations cleared ev erything up and Hitler sent to Queen Wilhelmina a cordial tele gram of congratulations on the mar riage of her only daughter. CUBMISSION, conviction a tit par- | ^ don of Marshal Shang Hsueh Chiang Kai-shek of China, appar ently hasn't ended the trouble start ed by him. Dispatches from Sianfu said a majority of Chang's former Manchurian army, numbering 250, 000 troops, had joined red troops of Shensi and Kansu provinces in open revolt against the central govern ment to establish a vast communist empire in northwest China. Admiral albert gleaves, U. S. N. retired, died at his home near Philadelphia at the age of seventy-nine years, thus ending a career that carried him through two wars and won for him honors from five nations. During the World war Admiral Gleaves was commander of the American cruiser and trans port force and thereafter was known aa "the man who took them over and brought them back." I Seven Million Dollar Ruin of the Crystal Palace London's famous and beautiful Crystal Palace, familiar to all Americans who have visited the metropolis, was destroyed by flames recently, the loss being placed at about $7,000,000. This picture shows the ruins after the spectacular conflagration. Bedtime Story for Children By THORNTON W. BURGESS THE FARMER AND HIS WIFE ARE IN DESPAIR ""P HE farmer who owned the big bam where the rats had lived was puzzled. After a few days he became sure that there wasn't a rat left in the big barn. He knew that they had all moved to the farmhouse. They had been bad enough when they had lived in the big barn, but they were ever so much worse living in his house. He knew that rats did not move like this without a cause. This meant that they must have been driven out of the big barn, and who or what could have driven them out was more than the farmer could guess. For years he had tried to get rid of the rats there and hadn't been able to. Now suddenly they had deserted the big barn and taken possession of his house. "I wish," said the farmer, "I could find out what drove those rats over here. Then perhaps I could use the same means to drive them out of the house." "I wish you could," replied his wife. "I don't know what we're go ing to do. Those rats are getting so bold that they don't pay any at tention to me at all. They run across the pantry floor in broad daylight. The only way I can keep food safe from them is in tin cans or earthen jars with covers and they have managed even to get the Smart for Evening Upholstery brocade in two shades at dull blue makes this smart eve ning coat. The simplicity of the fitted bodice and full sweep of the skirt enhance the at the fab ric. covers off some of these. They get in the flour barrel. They have spoiled the milk; they have stolen the eggs; in fact, there isn't any thing they haven't got into. They keep me awake nights by their squealing and racing about through the walls. They're getting so bold that I'm actually afraid of them." So the fanner set all his traps. He set traps in the attic and in the pantry and in the woodshed. He put poisoned food where he was sure the rats would And it. But it was all in vain. Those rats had learned all about traps, and the gray old leader of them had learned to be suspicious of food left where it was easy to get. He warned the other rats not to touch this food. The farmer blocked up the holes in the pantry walls, but as fast as he blocked them up the rats gnawed new ones. So it was that the farmer and his wife were in despair. Do what they would, they couldn't get rid of those rats. The rats got into the cellar and stole vegetables. It got so that the farmer's wife didn't dare go down to the cellar. She was afraid of being bitten by a rat, and you know the bite of a rat is often poisonous. ?T. W. BurgeM ? WNU Service. "Dignity," says soliloquizing Elizabeth, "is something we try to stand upon when we have no other support." WNU Service. ? MOTHER'S * COOK BOOK GOOD THINGS TO EAT LI ERE are several recipes that * * it will pay you to try out. Sweet Cider Jelly. Before the sweet cider has grown sour prepare a few glasses of this delightful jelly: Measure one quart of sweet apple cider, add seven and one-half cupfuls of sugar, stir and bring to a boil. Add one cupful of pectin, bring to a boil and boil hard for one minute. Remove and let stand one minute, skim and pour into jelly glasses. Cover the hot : jelly with a thin layer of paraffin, then when cold cover with another layer, and there will be no air spaces to spoil the jelly. This rec ipe makes about eleven glasses of jelly Dixie Cake. Take one and one-half cupfuls of granulated sugar, one-half cupful of shortening, cream together, then add one cupful of fresh coconut milk ! and (rated coconut. Add three cup fuls of flour sifted with three tea spoonfuls of baking powder and one teaspoonful of salt, add one half teaspoonful of grated lemon peel and two teaspoonfuls of lemon I juice. Fold in the stiffly beaten whites of four eggs and bake in a well oiled loaf pan. Appetising Salad. On a bed of crisp fresh water cress or lettuce lay three slices of tomato. Sprinkle this generously with chopped sour pickle, celery hearts and sweet peppers, using the same amount of each. Add your ; favorite dressing and place a small sweet pickle on top of each. This is . particularly good with steak or fowl. Pineapple is most delicious with all kinds of meats. With chicken breasts with currant jelly and but tsi it not only make* a garnish but a most delightful sauce as well. Use the pineapple juice in the gravy and add a bit of the fruit, too, to the brown gravy. O Western Newspaper Union. British Bought Ohio Ores Ores from the Hanging rock re gion in Ohio were not only used to produce the heavy ordinance of the Civil war but were also purchased by the British government for pro ducing metal to be used in the Cri mean war. TIDIED UP By DOUGLAS HALLOCH '"T HEY cleaned my desk, straight as, a string. While I was out of town. And now I cannot And a thing The place I put it down. A pile of this, a pile of that, I meant to do some day. But now I don't know where they're at ? I didn't, anyway. I used to burrow here and there In search of that or this. But now it isn't anywhere. And that is what I miss. I used to have to hunt for stuff; A little time it took; As if that weren't bad enough. Now there's no place to look. And yet already things begin To clutter as before, And ev'ry time the mail comes in It adds a little more. I've found my glasses, not the case, I've lost my fountain pen. It won't be long before the place Will seem like home again. O Dourlu Ma.lloch.-WNU Servic*. THE LANGUAGE - Or YOUH BAUD ? B j Leicester K. Davis C Public Udfar. lac. Tp HE first, or nail, joint of the thumb indicates, as preceding lessons have shown, the kind and de gree of its owner's will. While an accurate index of this quality of temperament is essential to a cor rect analysis of character through study of the hand, the amount of ' logic indicated must also be de termined. The Thumbs as an Index at Legit. The second, or middle, joint of the thumb may be relied upon to tell us of this important comple ment of character. This element will clearly indicate its owner's love and powers of meditation, concen tration and ability to think things out. Length and symmetry and the prominence of the knuckle itself will make our conclusions reliable on this point. The length of the middle joint in its relation to that of the first, or nail, joint, should be carefully compared. If both are of even length there is every indica tion that the will is well controlled by sound judgment. If with this, the knuckle is unusually knotty or otherwise prominent, we have the man or woman who painstakingly and with greater - than - average amount of research studies every move in the game of life. Coupled with a firm nail joint, this analytical and clear-thinking combination is one of the surest signs of the man or woman whose decisions and actions seldom call forth "I told you so's." WXU Service. Dental Work at the Tokyo Zoo "Daitaro," ? hippopotamus at the Ueno zoo in Tokyo, Japan, who is very popular with the children, shown as his long canine teeth, which had troubled him, were shortened recently. It took twenty minute* to coax the hippo into position with his mouth open and forty-Ore minutes to saw off part of the two teeth; this including delays while the attend ants fed hi>? cabbage, his favorite dish, to increase his patience.