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SUCH IS LIFE ? For Digging Purposes
100,000 Drouth Victims
Are Now Nomads in West
25,000 Farms in Great Plains
Washington, D. C. ? More than 25,
000 deserted farm homes dotting the
Great Plains are reminders of drouth
years which made nomads of more
than 100,000 Americans.
The Department of Agriculture
estimated that at least 100.000 per
sons have moved out of the Middle
West in the last year. Most of them
packed their few personal belong
ings and headed westward.
Three crop failures had impov
erished them. Lands among the
most fertile in the world had sud
denly become barren because of
lack of water. Cattle died of starva
tion and thirst. Crops withered un
der a burning sun.
Most of these families packed
their household goods on trucks, old
motor cars and a few into covered
wagons. Few of them had more
than $100 in cash. Many had noth
ing. All had hopes of making new
homes in the West.
Called Last Migration.
The resettlement administration
described the exodus as "probably
the last great migration of settlers
to the far West." Western high
ways, it said, were "choked with
cars, trucks and trailers carrying
thousands of farm families with all
their worldly goods."
The exodus began after the 1934
FOR TORRID DAYS
White rickrack braid in a double
row trims this attractive adaptation
of Molyneux's ensemble for town
wear on hot days. It is a new
crepe mixture of rayon and silk and
it comes in dark green, navy or
brown with a white figure in it. The
little skull cap is white straw braid
With a perky grosgrain bow. j
drouth. Many counties lost half of
their population. Most of those who
moved were farm owners and ten
ants. Despite federal efforts to
check the westward drift, the reset
tlement administration said "the end
of the migration is not yet in sight."
These families, mostly too poor to
buy farm equipment and start anew
in the northwestern states of Oregon
and Washington and in California,
have become a serious problem to
relief agencies. They continue to
drift, seeking part-time work in har
"These new settlers, for the most
part thrifty and hard-working farm
families from the Middle West,
found an altogether different farm
west than did the early pioneers,"
a resettlement report said. "Free
land was gone with the closing of
all public lands to homestead entry.
Good, developed farms were scarce.
Robbed by Agents.
"Unscrupulous real-estate agents
were ready to rob them of their
meager savings by selling them
worthless farms in the vast cutover
areas where firewood and water
were their only assets. They found
employers of cheap labor ready to
exploit their destitution.
"Residence requirements made
them ineligible to WPA assistance,
and state relief laws in at least one
state made railroad fare back to
their devastated homes the only aid
"The small percentage of families
with capital managed for the most
part to locate on productive farms.
Those with small savings were
forced to locate on once-abandoned
farms in the cheap land areas,
doomed to failure before they be
Of the problem created by the mi
gration of these families the report
"It is not a state problem but defi
nitely a part of the national drout^i
problem that has migrated to the*
Pacific Northwest and to California,
and should be considered as such.
"They cannot be returned to the
states of their origin. Yet, they can
not become permanent indigents
and transient agricultural workers
supported most of the year by the
state or federal government."
Motorist* to Detour
at "Bouncing Bridge"
Clinton, Mass. ? Motorists have
taken the "bumps" for the last
time over this town's famous
The bridge shudders and humps
as machines pass over it and has
actually tossed cars into a nearby
Selectmen have closed the over
pass until they can find someone to
finance a new one.
University Trailer Camp
Kent, O.? A camp for automobile
trailers is being built on the campus
of Kent State university for the use
of summer session students.
AMAZE A MINUTE
SCIENT1FACTS ^ BY ARNOTn
The Progress of
LEONARD A. BARRETT
Our thoughtful observation of
plant and animal life convinces us
that the secret of
all organic devel
opment is assimi
lation. But in or
der that there
may be prop
there must be
present in nature
have an affinity
for the plant or
animal. The law
that like attracts
like proves true
even on the low
est plane of or
ganic life. In other words, plants
and animals grow to their best ad
vantage in the absence of obstruc
tions. "A pebble in a scanty brook
may change the course of many a
river; a dewdrop in a scanty brook
may dwarf a giant forever." Storms
annually lay bare a large acreage
of wheat and other grains. They
also tear down trees and destroy
the produce of the soil. The ab
sence of rain may play havoc with
summer crops, or its untimely fall
ruin many a harvest. The intense
heat of the sun, beyond the power
of the plant to assimilate, causes
it to wither and die. Parasites
abound. Every owner of an orchard
knows that it is necessary to spray
his trees. We must destroy the ene
mies of organic life. We must kill
the parasites if we would have a
beautiful garden. Thus, in the or
ganic world, the law seems to be
HE'S A BUSY BEE
Lou Fette, brilliant freshman
right-hander of the Boston Bees, is
the top twirler of the club.
that calamities check development
and opposing forces destroy even
The human race is also depend
ent upon affinities from which it as
similates elements essential for
growth. But in the development of
personality, the law works the other
way. Opposing forces weaken and
perhaps destroy the plant: but they
are a valuable and constructive con
tribution to the development of per
sonality. There is no other way to
release the deep reservoirs of spir
itual and mental strength than by
contact with competition, opposition,
and even oppression. The enduring
growth of personality depends upon
the degree in which each person
stores up and uses the reserve pow
er that rightly belongs to human
life, as oxygen belongs to pure air.
With conscious reserve power, no
calamity can break down poise, nor
destroy human purpose. The prog
ress of personality depends not upon
an external weapon of resistance
but upon internal reason. Contrast
the life of one who has never suf
fered with that of one who has
drunk deeply from its cup. The
truth is evident: fighting the good
fight against opposing forces has
given strength to both character
and soul. "Nothing grows, unless
it has a central core of identity
which does not change." The cen
tral core of personality is its iden
tity with the spiritual laws of hu
By use of reason, man has found
the laws of the cosmic world and
has used them in building up the
civilization of a great scientific age.
By concentration of that same rea
son upon the laws of personality,
man will discover greater worlds
of human achievement than hither
As mu enters iot* (he quest mt
J ' By BETTY WELLS J
? ETA M. turned a deaf ear to
everybody's ideas about her
house ... all her friends and rela
tions were advocating white. But
that wasn't what Leta had in mind
"I always did want to live in a
brown house," said she, "ever since
I can remember. When I was ten.
Father promised to have our gray
house done over in brown the next
time he painted it. But when that
"I Always Did Want to Live ill a
time came he bought me oft for
a quarter and had it gray again.
I've never gotten over it. So when
Theo and I got this old house we
decided it would be brown before
the deeds were signed. So don't
talk to me about white."
We saw Leta's point. Though white
houses are nice, they're pretty usual,
and so it's fun to be a little differ
ent. Brown has a comfortable air
about it, a pleasantly withdrawn
satisfied manner that makes a
brown house nestle back in its trees
complacently, oblivious to the world
We don't really have anything
against white. In fact other things
being equal, it's the best color of
all, so starched and fresh it looks.
And there are ways of giving it dis
tinction; white with red shutters, or
even red window shades, Venetian
blinds or awnings pep up a house.
And here's pink again bobbing up
for shutters at a white house. Rob
ins's egg blue is another nice shut
ter-color for a white house.
It's fun to stray a little from the
straight and narrow path of con
vention when it comes to color if
it's for an informal house, or a
house of nondescript design. We
can even imagine places and peo
ple who could go Bavarian with
fancy designs painted on the front
of the house.
But for the more formal dignified
house, better stick to tradition and
be very white and austere if that's
its traditional color.
? ? ?
Smart and Welcoming
"Before" and "after" pictures
always fascinate us. We love
to see those photographs of moun
tainous women suddenly grown
smartly sylph-like, those wrinkled
worried faces miraculously smooth
and untroubled. And particularly,
do we like those pictures of dull,
drab uninteresting rooms made
over into pleasant, smart and wel
coming interiors. We should have
liked a "before" and "after" pic
ture of a bedroom we saw recently.
Before it had been a typical bed
room ? a suite q? mahogany furni
ture, tie-back curtains and roses
and-leaves draperies, a rather non
descript paper on the walls and
loads of family pictures trying to
his own spirit and establishes his
identity with the spiritual laws, so
shall come the progress of person
ality. So shall come the meaning
and the merit of human life.
C Western Newspaper Union.
decorate the walls and only suc
ceeding in giving a cluttered effect.
An ingenious homemaker, plus the
aid of a painter and paper-hanger,
changed all that into a room of in
The walls were repapered in a
plain white satin-striped pattern ?
the stripes wide and very "new"
looking. The ceiling was painted a
lovely, watery green. This home
maker made her own curtains for
the three windows. She bought
yards and yards of white fine
French voile and made straight
hanging, very full glass curtains ;
which came to the floor. At the top
of each window she swag-draped
a length of heavy green silk cording
with long green silk tassels falling
at the high points of the drapery.
A white silk bedspread, corded with
the green silk rope carried that
note to its logical conclusion.
Family pictures were reframed
in unusual small oval and shadow
box frames and grouped in one
corner of the room, and several fine
French engravings took their places
on the more important walls. These
were framed uniformly in pale
green with a narrow gold mat
around each picture. The room was
carpeted in a deep blue-green and
Refraining Old Pictures Makes All
a really luxurious white throw-rug
was placed in front of the dressing
table. A small gilt French chair
was bought to replace the old dress
ing table bench and a slipper chair
was reupholstered in a white
striped silk. The entire "after"
scene 'was different, charming and
C By Betty Well*? WNU Service.
^ ^ Says: ^ ^
Have burners on gas stove regu
lated frequently to save fuel.
? ? *
Soaking bacon in water for a few
minutes before ffying will prevent
the fat from running.
? ? ?
When making fruit pies dampen
the edge of the pastry with milk
instead of water. It holds better
and the juice is not so liable to
? ? ?
A thick cherry sauce makes a
delicious topping for mint, lime, or
ange, pineapple or lemon sherbet.
It is very tasty, too, served with
vanilla or fruit ice cream.
? ? ?
If a mixture of powdered arsenate
of lead or paris green (poison) with
ten parts of slaked lime be dusted
on the cabbages in the morning
while they are covered with dew,
you can keep cabbage worms under
control. It is perfectly safe to use
poison on cabbages when the heads
are small, f
? Associated newspapers ? WNU Service
It's No Cat and Dog Life They Lead -
Pally as a couple of lovebirds are this seven-year-old tiger and mon
grel dog in the tiger's cage at the Detroit zoo. The tiger grew up in
company with the dog and everything seems harmonious, but keepers
think it time to break up the unusual friendship, pointing out that
the tiger no longer is a kitten and some day the pangs of hunger might
possibly outweigh friendship.
"Way Back When
WALT UISNKV WAS A MAIL
\1/ HAT are the secret ambitions
** of those who serve us. par
ticularly those whose occupations
are mechanical or lonesome enough
to allow their minds to drift often
into the realms of fantasy?
Wall Disnev is an example Born
in Chicago in 1901 his first job was
as a mail carrier there, at the age
of sixteen As a little boy he liked
to draw and he liked to draw ani
mals: but the tamous creator of
Mickev Mouse nad to make a living
delivering mail He had no chance
lo express his creative genius un
til after the World war. when he
obtained a lob as a commercial
artist <n Kansas City In his garage,
he experimented with animated
newsreels called "Ixical Happen
ings " which he sold to Kansas City
moving picture theaters He fol
lowed these with a series of fairy
tales for local clubs and church
This modest success prompted
him to try Hollywood, where he
started in an unpretentious little
building far from the big studios
There he created "Oswald, the
Rabmt. " but after making 26 sub
jects. he and his backer separated.
The backer owned the rights to
"Oswald, the Rabbit" which Is still
being shown in the theaters, and
Disney was left without his most
promising character. Out of this
adversity was born "Mickey
Mouse" and the "Silly Sympho
Today, Walt Disney employs a
staff of artists to draw his charac
ters but he is, himself, the voice of
? ? ?
PICTURE MAGNATE WAS A
IT'S fun for the young man who
' was born to be president of his
rich father's company: a month in
the shop, a month clerking, and
then general manager. But consid
er the discouragement and heart
aches of the boy too poor for an
adequate education, too poor for
nourishing food or decent clothing,
too poor to meet people with influ
ence. That such boys, possessing
only courage, ambition and brains,
can still rise in America is this
country's strongest defense against
fascism and communism.
William Fox was born 1879 in
Tulchva. Hungary, son of a small
shopkeeper who extracte-' teeth as a
side-line. The family moved to
America when William was nine
months old. and settled in an East
Side tenement district of New York
city. His first job was at the age of
nine, when his father, who was out
of work, made stove blacking in
their small tenement and William
peddled it from door to door in the
??r iwi ,y , ? - v ? ;
neighborhood. Later he sold candy
lozenges at the Third Street dock
and at Central park on Sundays.
At the age of fourteen, he was
forced by poverty to quit school.
He obtained a job in a clothing firm
and rose to be foreman in charge
of lining cutting, at the magnificent
salary of $8 per week. To augment
his earnings, he bought umbrellas
and peddled them in front of thea
ters on rainy nights. With (1,600
savings accumulated through many
privations, he started a cloth ex
amining and shrinking business,
when he was twenty-one, and at
the end of the second year invested
his profits in a nickelodeon or five
cent motion picture house. Twenty
five years later he headed the great
$200,000,000 corporation which bore
his name, including a picture pro
ducing company, distributing agen
cies, and thousands of theaters
throughout the United States.
Who knows for what high posi
tion that peddler who calls at your
door may be preparing. William
Fox row from the same start.
By REV. HAROLD L. LUNDQUIST.
Dean of the Moody Bible Institute
Western Newspaper Union.
Lesson for August 1
LESSON TEXT? Exodus 13:17-22: 14:10
GOLDEN TEXT? And the Lord shall
I guide thee continually- ? Isaiah 58:11.
PRIMARY TOPIC? A Shining Cloud.
JUNIOR TOPIC ? Forward March!
INTERMEDIATE AND SENIOR TOPIC?
How Cod Leads Today.
YOUNG PEOPLE AND ADULT TOPIC?
| A Nation Following God's Leadership.
The destinies of the nations are in
the hands of God. Mighty are the
warriors, learned are the advisors,
clever are the diplomats, and when
they have exercised all their human
ingenuity and have only brought
themselves and their nations to
"Wits' End Corner," God must lay
hold and bring order out of chaos.
Happy is that people where rulers
recognize God and seek his guid
Israel through the human instru
mentality of Moses was ruled by
God. He had prepared for them a
leader and had prepared the people
to follow that leader. Now he brings
them forth out of their bondage.
I. "God Led Them" (Exod. 13:17
It is significant that he did not
lead them by the easy way to Ca
naan, by the short route through
Philistia but rather led them south
into the wilderness.
How often it seems to us that we
could improve on God's ways. Suf
fering, sorrow, affliction, we would
shun and would go the quick easy
road, where all is bright and happy.
But God's way is the best way,
even though it leads through the
His purpose for Israel was that
they might not be disheartened by
the warlike Philistines (v. 17). Thus
it was really his loving-kindness that
sent them the long way. See Prov.
14:12, and Prov. 10:29.
Another and equally important
purpose of God was that the un
disciplined multitude might in the
trials and responsibilities of their
journey through the wilderness be
prepared to enter the promised land.
The miraculous pillar of cloud and
fire was God's constant assurance
of his presence with them.
Hardly had Israel withdrawn, and
the wail over the death of the first
born in Egypt ceased when Pharaoh
regretted that he had permitted his
slaves to escape, and set ouT in
pursuit. He represents the world,
the flesh, and the Devil in their re
lentless efforts to hold back those
who would follow the Lord. Making a
decision for Christ, and experienc
ing his redemptive power does not
mean that the enemy has given
up. Temptations, doubts, trials, will
come. When you come up out of
Egypt do not be surprised if Pha
raoh pursues you.
The situation could not have been
more difficult. Hemmed in by the
flower of Egypt's army, with the
Red sea before them ? a group of
men not trained in warfare ? with
women and children to care for,
and God forgotten in their disbelief
Moses, who was their great leader
in the hour of triumph, tastes the
I bitterness of their hatred and un
belief in the hour of trial. A leader
of men for God must know that God
has called him and have faith in
his almighty power, for in the time
| of crises he will find those whom
' s ready to condemn him.
i What is the solution?
HI. "Stand Still" (w. 13,14).
Sublime in his confidence in God,
I Moses bids the people to cease their
petty complaining, to abandon their
plans for saving themselves. "Stand
still, and see the salvation of the
Lord" (v. 13).
Perhaps these lines will be read
by some Christian who is fretting
and fussing, bearing all the burdens
of the universe on his shoulders. Be
still, my friend. God is able to care
for you, and for all the burdens
| which you are needlessly trying to
bear. Trusting God will, result in
real spiritual progress.
IV. "Go Forward" (v. 15).
t Humanly it was impossible, but
,w'th,_ a11 thil>gs are possible"
! (Mark 10:27). When every eircum
j stance says "Stop," when the coun
sel of men is against attempting
I anything, when human leadership
! seems to be lacking? just at that
hour God may say, "go forward."
If every true Christian who reads
these words will respond to the
! lord's command, "Go forward,"
; hundreds of locked church doors
will be opened, new Sunday schools
will gather children to hear God's
Word, men and women will be won
for Christ. Let us "go fcrward."
The God who brought Israel dry
shod through the Red sea is just the
Enjoyments and Troubles
I make the most of my enjoy
ments. As for my troubles, I pack
them in as little compass as I can
for myself and never let them annoy
others. ? Sou they.
Given a man of faith, and the
heavenly powers behind him, and
you have untold possibilities.
Right Kind of Growth
All growth that is not toward God.
is (rowing to decay. "