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The Alamance Gleaner
GRAHAM, N. C., THURSDAY, AUGUST 5, 1937 No. 26
IS' e if 8 Review of Current Events
WAR ON TWO CONTINENTS
Japanese Bomb Tientsin . . . Fearful Battle Rages Near
Madrid . . . Congress Wants to Pack Up and Go Home
Japanese soldiers cremate their dead at Fengtai.
~^&AuraJul U/. ftudcaJul
* ^ SUMMARIZES THE WORLD'S WEEK
C Western Newspaper Union.
China Skies Rain Fire
' 1 1 HERE was war in North China
whether it had been officially
declared or not. Japanese bombers
zoomed over the densely-populated
city of Tientsin, raining death and
destruction, and endangering thou
sands of citizens of the United States
and other foreign countries. The air
attack was Nippon's retaliation for
a Chinese army drive which nearly
drove the Japanese out of their
North China stronghold. -
Chinese troops declared that
"thousands of non-combatant men,
women and children were killed or
injured" by the airmen.
The bombers left holocaust in
their wake. Flames engulfed Tient
sin's principal buildings, the cen
tral railway station, the militia
headquarters, the famed Nankai uni
versity, and the Chinkiang interna
tional bridge connecting the Chinese
city to the foreign concessions. In
the latter, inhabitants who were not
concerned at all with the war were
forced to seek what safety they
could in cellars which provided lit
tle shelter from the exploding
bombs. Chinese and Japanese sol
ders fought hand-to-hand in the
streets, with entrenchments in some
places only 100 feet apart.
Three Chinese armies, operating
suddenly and swiftly along a 95-mile
front between Taku (Tientsin's sea
port) and Peiping, conducted the at
tack which incurred the wrath of the
Japanese military command. They
drove the Japanese away from the
three key railroad stations and en
tered the Japanese concession.
Japan immediately responded
with her air attack, concentrating
upon the heavily populated Chinese
section of Tientsin. Infantry at
tacked the Chinese barricades in
several parts of the city. Japanese
artillery went into action# and drew
lusty response from the enemy,
which sent shell after shell hurtling
into the heart of the Japanese con
cession. Many soldiers on both
sides were killed.
"Whadd'ya Say We Scram?"
ITH Supreme court bill recom
mitted to the senate judiciary
committee, a new substitute bill for
reform of only the lower courts due
to be reported out of the commit
tee, and a new senate majority lead
er selected to take the late Senator
Robinson's place, the overwhelming
sentiment of the members of the
seventy-fifth congress was to pack
up their bags and get as far away
from Washington as possible.
Even measures which President
Roosevelt had insisted bear the.
"must" label were being shoved
aside with dispatch, as Vice Presi
dent Gamer sought to heal the
party wounds inflicted during the
bitter court battle and salvage as
much of the President's legislation
as he could. The first to be buried
was the new AAA and "ever-nor
mal granary" bill; the senate agri
culture committee shelved it until
the next session. The committee
authorized James P. Pope, Idaho
Democrat and co-sponsor of the bill,
to prepare a senate resolution to
lay the plans for regional hearings
on a comprehensive farm program
during the remainder of the sum
mer and report back in January.
It seemed certain that the Presi
dent's legislation for governmental
reorganization would be left over
until next session when the record
of three months' hearings by the
joint congressional committee was
made public. It was revealed that
committee members have not even
come close to agreement on any of
the main points involved.
Majority Leader. Barkley said that
the White House still wanted the
wages and hours bill, the Wagner
low-cost housing bill and a judiciary
bill passed, as well as legislation
to plug tax loopholes.
Madrid's Moat of Blood
THE Spanish government was de
fending Madrid against the in
surgent forces in the most terrible
battle of the entire civil war and
the most important. It couldn't last;
it was too furious. The whole
loyalist cause apparently rested on
resisting this, the most vicious at
tack the rebels had yet made. Gen.
Francisco Franco's army, under his
personal supervision, was making
advances, but at such loss of men
that the cost might be too great.
Insurgents stormed loyalist en
trenchments directly in the face of
point blank machine guns. Losses
were so terrible that thousands of
wounded lay without food or water
among thousands already dead and
decaying in the hot sun. Infantry,
tanks, cavalry and artillery were
supplemented by airplane bombers.
In one salient 250,000 men were
fighting, including the cream of both
armies. The loyalist position was
admittedly the most serious of
the whole war, and upon the -govern
ment's ability to withhold against
the attack rested the fate of the
best units in its army. ? It was re
ported that 20,000 Italian troops
had joined the rebels for the battle.
Each side claimed the losses of
the other had been greatest. Insur
gents reported that the government
salient had cost 300 fighting planes
and 30,000 casualties. The govern
ment declared that Franco had lost
at least 100 planes to its 20 or 30,
had lost 20,000 to 25.000, men, and
had consumed $15,000,000 worth of
New Court Bill Drafted
FOUR important provisions were
" contained in the new court "re
form" bill reported out of the senate
judiciary committee, but none of
them involved any changes in or
additions to the personnel of the Su
preme court. The new bill provides
(a) Direct appeals to the Supreme
court from decisions in the district
courts involving the constitutional
ity of federal statutes.
(b) Intervention by the Depart
ment of Justice in all suits involv
ing the validity of federal statutes.
(c) Trial of all suits to enjoin
the operation of federal statutes by
a court of three judges ? one judge
from the circuit court of appeals
and two district judges.
_ (d) Reassignment of district court
judges by the senior circuit judge
of each circuit, wherever additional
help may be needed to relieve con
gested dockets. Judges sitting away
from home would receive $10 a day
Ambition in Bloom
CONGRESSMAN SOL BLOOM of
New York, who, it is said
(by Congressman Bloom), is the
"spittin' image" of George Wash
ington, and once posed for a bust
labeled "The Father of His Coun
try," sponsored a brief bill in the
lower house, but unfortunately (for
Congressman Bloom) it was reject
ed ? in fact it never even came to
It provided that a book be given,
at the government's expense, to
each naturalized citizen with his cit
izenship papers. The book, exhibit
ed in the house, is a handsome af
fair, all done up in blue and fold.
The cover contains, in large letters,
the inscription: "The Story of the
Constitution, by Sol Bloom. Copy
right, by Sol Bloom."
U. S. Weighs Embargo
A S THE conflict in North China
?'* blazed into open, if undeclared,
warfare, the United States prepared
to declare that a state of war ex
isted between China and Japan and
to place an embargo upon the ship
ment of arms to the two countries,
under the neutrality act. The Pres
ident, who has the power to declare
that a state of war exists, kept in
close touch with affairs in the Far
East, assisted by Secretary of State
Proclamation of an embargo pro
hibits the sale of arms, ammuni
tions and implements of war to the
belligerent countries. It forbids
loans or the extension of credit to
either of them, and makes it illegal
for Americans to travel upon the
ships of the belligerents.
Secretary Hull said that confer
ences had been held among em
bassy attaches, commanders of for
eign troops in Peiping and others,
to lay plans for removing Amer
icans and other foreign nationals
from the danger zone.
It was reported that there were
223 United States military person
nel and dependents and 403 Ameri
can civilians registered in Tientsin,
in addition to 750 American officers
'Pack the White House'
\AT ITH a roll call vote of 260 to
**88, the house of representa
tives voted to give President Roose
velt six neyj secretaries at $10,000 a
year each. The de
bate on the bill pro
voked some quaint
can Dewey Short of
Missouri offered an
ing that the six new
positions should be
given to Elliott,
Franklin, Jr., and
sons of the Presi
dent; Mrs. Anna
daughter; and "Sistie" and "Buz
zie" Dall, his grandchildren. It
failed to carry.
If the bill became law, it would
raise the total of the President's
$10,000-a-year secretaries to nine,.
for he already has three.
60 Hurt in Strike Riot
LTHOUGH the independent
steel plants were back at work,
there was still plenty of discord
along the labor front. Sixty per
sons were injured in a wild riot
among pickets of the Steel Workers'
Organizing committee (affiliated
with C. I. O.), loyal workers and
police at the Corrigan-McKinney
plant of the Republic Steel corpora
tion in Cleveland.
A mob of strikers hurled rocks
from a hillside upon cars of em
ployees parked in the valley about
the plant. Loyal workers attempted
to drive the strikers away, and at
one time 500 of them rushed out
of the plant and set upon the pick
ets. Police tried to break up the
fighting, relying chiefly on their tear
gas guns. One striker was killed
when a moving automobile, which
was being stoned, got out of con
trol and ran berserk through a
In Buffalo there was a serious
food shortage because of a strike
of 1,000 wholesale grocery truck
drivers and 1.000 butchers at four
meat packing plants.
A Year of Reclamation
A PPLICATIONS for grants under
last year's agricultural conser
vation program covered 283,000,000
acres ? two-thirds of the country's
crop land ? and represented an esti
mated 4,000,000 farmers, H. R. Tol
ley, agricultural adjustment admin
istrator, reported. Nearly 31,000,000
acres were diverted from crops
which deplete the soil; 53,000,000
acres received the benefit of soil
Conservation payments for the
year totaled $32,323,303.11, benefit
and rental payments $235,744,264.42.
Total expenditures by AAA during
1936 were $357,338,617.30, including
administrating expenditures and liq
uidation of obligations outstanding
when the Supreme court held sec
tions of the original AAA unconsti
Football Couldn't Save It
even the excellence and pop
n.arity of Edward Patrick (Slip)
Madigan's football teams could save
little St. Mary's college at Oakland,
Calif., from the auction block. It
was "knocked down" to its security
holders for $411,150 ? the only bid ?
after it had failed to pay interest
on its bonded indebtedness of $1,370,
500 since 1934. When Madigan came
to St. Mary's from Notre Dame in
1921 it bad 71 students. His football
teams made it famous and built the
enrollment up to 700. It was indi
cated he will remain as coach, at a
reported salary of $7,000 a year and
ten per cent of the gate receipts.
Receipts last year were $174,671.
Look Out, Playboys! Chorines Master Muskets
Tokyo. ? If, as pulp-paper novels would have you believe, chorus girls are the champion "gold diggers,"
these dancers of the Osaka Girls' Opera troupe should be doubly dangerous. Equipped with muskets, thty
perform daily drills under the supervision of an army officer "to promote the spirit of organized action."
Au Thornton W Burgess
SAMMY JAY TOO EXCITED TO
uue who heard him knew that,
and everybody who was anywhere
near heard him. They would have
had to be stone deaf not to have.
Sammy is just like some people ?
when he gets just a little excited he
begins to talk in a loud voice. The
more excited he gets the louder he
talks. By and by, when he gets
very much excited, he screams.
That is what he was doing this beau
tiful spring morning, screaming as
no one ever had heard him scream
JAY was excited. Every
"What's Got Into You, Sammy
Jay?" Demanded Peter.
before. Indeed, he was so excited
that his tongue couldn't go fast
enough and tripped over his words
and mixed things up so that no one
could make out what he was trying
He came flying out of the Green
Forest, flying as fast as he could
make his wings go. and screaming
at the top of his lungs. He saw
Jimmy Skunk coming down the
Lone Little Path and flew to meet
"He's a stranger and he's black!"
' screamed Sammy.
"Who's a stranger and who's
black?" asked Jimmy.
"And he's got great, big claws in
his mouth!" continued Sammy.
Jimmy Skunk stopped short and
stared very hard at Sammy Jay.
"Say that again," said he.
But just then Sammy caught sight
of Peter Rabbit down by his dear
Old Briar Patch. "Oh. I must tell
Peter!" he screamed. "Peter! Pe
ter Rabbit! He's there! He's bigger
than Farmer Brown's boy and he
walks!" And all the time' he Wis
"A family never c booses Its black
abeep," u;i soliloqnixln; Elixabetb.
"far it? pet,"
c B?ll Srndicat*.? ?TMU krrk*.
screaming this long before he was
anywhere near the Old Briar Patch.
Jimmy Skunk was still staring
after him and scratching his head in
a puzzled kind of way, when along
came Unc' Billy Possum.
Unc' Billy grinned as he looked
over toward the Old Briar Patch.
"Mistah Jaybird's done gone
crazy," said he. "He's done gone
crazy in his haid. Whoever heard
of anybody with great big claws in
Now. Peter could make no more
sense of what Sammy was saying
than could Jimmy Skunk and Unc'
"Who walks, Sammy Jay? Don't
most people walk? What's got into
you, Sammy Jay?" demanded Pe
But Sammy couldn't keep still
long enough to answer questions,
and off he flew toward the Smiling
Pool in search of Billy Mink and
Jerry Muskrat and Grandfather
Frog, and as he flew he still
screamed in the same excited way,
and Peter heard something about
"long teeth" and "big feet." all of
which was very perplexing, and, of
course, made Peter very, very curi
ous. He straightway started to hunt
up Jimmy Skunk to see if Jimmy
knew what it meant, and half way
down the Lone Little Path he met
Jimmy. With him was Unc' Billy
Peter's eyes were very wide open
with wonder, and the first thing he
said was: "What's the matter with
Jimmy Skunk grinned and Unc'
Billy shook his head sadly, though
if Peter had looked sharply he
would have seen a twinkle in Unc'
"Poor Sammy Jay," said Unc'
Billy in the mournfulest tones.
"Poor Sammy Jay. He's foolish in
his haid, Peter. He's foolish in his
"Oh!" cried Peter. "Do you really
think so, Unc' Billy? I thought he
was just terribly excited."
Unc' Billy winked at Jimmy
Skunk as he said; "Ah don't know,
about the excitement, Br'er Rab
bit, but when people talk about
great big claws in somebody's
mouth. Ah cert'nly think there is
something the matter. If you ask
me. Ah think Br'er Jay done gone
"Poor Sammy Jay," said Peter to
himself, as he hopped away to find
out what other people thought.
"Poor Sammy Jay! I guess Unc'
Billy must be right and he really is
crazy. He can't talk straight, so he
must be crazy." And all the rest of
that day Peter told everyone he met
that Sammy Jay had gone crazy.
C T. W. Burgess.? WNU Service.
Sweet and Low
Sweet and low in a bevy of strik
ing silhouettes, this hat has a charm
all its own. It is of navy blue felt,
trimmed with narrow flanges of
cerise, bright blue and navy belting
ribbon. The cloche brim is youthful
FIRST-AID TO AILING HOUSE
By ROGER 0. WHITMAN
I AM hearing more and more of
' damage to houses by termites,
and from practically all sections of
the country. Termites are now
known to be the real cause of a
destruction of wood that was for
.merly i>lamed on dry rot. It is a
matter of fact that nature provides
termites for the reduction of dead
wood to mold. They are part of
the scheme of things. They are
pests only when they attack wood
that mankind wants to preserve.
We cannot hope to exterminate ter
mites. Our protection against them
is to build our houses in such ?
way that they cannot be invaded.
Termite nests are always in the
ground. In attacking a house, they
do not set up nests in the wood
work. but travel back and fbrth be
tween the wood and the home nest
Considering the damage that they
can do. it seems only rational to
build a House in such a way and of
such materials that an attack will
not be possible.
Foundations should be poured
concrete, reinforced with steel bars
to prevent cracking. In modern
house designs, the first floor is on a
level with the ground ? or nearly so.
This brings 'he floor beams within
easy reach of termites. These
beams should therefore be of steel
instead of wood. Sills, studs, sheath
ing and other wood parts are also
exposed. For protection, these
wood parts should be impregnated
with any one of several chemicals
that will make them termite-proof.
Treated wood can be had through
any lumber yard. The price will be
somewhat increased, but corvsider
ing the Hamage that is avoided, the
extra cost car be regarded as in
surance, and is certainly a small
price to pay.
Termites are of three classes or
castes. The largest caste is made
up of the "workers," which do the
damage. A second class, is known
as "soldiers," protect the workers
against the attacks of ants and other
enemies. Both of these castes are
white; they are blind and never
come to the surface. The third class
is made up of winged black "re
produciives." Once a year in the
spring, occasionally also in the fall,
these appear in a great swarm;
they flutter about for a brief time,
drop their wings, and disappear.
A swarm of these insects is a dan
ger signal that no home owner
should disregard. He should at once
And out whether his house has
been attacked. There will be no
outward sign on the woodwork; the
destruction will all be within and
can be learned only by drilling
small holes, by pounding, or in some
other way that will indicate hollow
With Equal Weight
By DOUGLAS MALLOCH
NOT only Atlas bore the earth
Upon his shoulders. Also we
Have some small world of some
For our responsibility.
Not burdened only are t?e great,
For others have them, each and
Yes, problems press with equal
Upon the mighty and the small.
Our own small world our own small
Each on his aching shoulder
They little understand it, they
Concerned alone with 1 a r g ?
Some little duty takes our time.
Some little worry takes our sleep.
Some little slope we have to climb.
Some little family to keep.
1 have my world, and you have
The little often larger than
Some other at his ease endures,
' And quite forgets the little man.
The little burden may be great.
The great be little, after all.
At least they bear with equal weight
Upon the mighty and the small.
c Douglas MaUoch.? WNll Sarvtea.
By BEST BALL
AWAY POSITION mcaa eoovw
r*on eoov Conccnthatc. om
tUdH T EL BOW 0 ?MN?
rr*/MGHT O 0*N
POSITION OF BIGHT ARM
!/? EEP your eye on the golfer who
I*-is overanxious to kill the ball
and you no doubt will see him flap
the right arm around so that at
the top of the stroke it is almost
straight out from the trunk of
the body. From such a position it
is very easy to make the mistake
of coming onto the ball from the
outside in, i.e., cutting across the
ball and adding a slice. Further
more such an extreme movement
adds an unnecessary tension to this
arm which it could very well do
without. The proper method is to
keep the right arm comfortably
close to the right side. Tpmmy
ArmcKir for example keeps his right
elbow tucked in close but possesses
freedom of action nevertheless. Ar
mour's is more or less of an ex
treme position; most of the players
allow the right arm a trifle more
freedom after the manner of Bobby
Jones above. On the longer shots the
Atlanta wizard's elbow is raised
moderately and on the first stages
of the downstroke, drops abruptly
nearer the side. The cock of the
wrists is in no manner disturbed
by this motion and their power
is saved to be utilized later on.
The abrupt dropping of the right
arm insures a swinging path from
the inside, close to the body and
brings the clubhead onto the ball
straight along the line of flight.
?B?U Syndicate.? WNU Serricc.
ness of the timber. He may find
slender tunnels of clay over the
surface of masonry, these being the
paths by which the termites circu
late from the nest in the group.
Information on how to proceed can
be had from a pamphlet issued by
the U. S. Department of Agriculture,
Washington, D. C. The departments
of agriculture of many states also
0 By Roger B. Whitman