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The Alamance Gleaner j
Vol. LXIII GRAHAM, N. C., THURSDAY, AUGUST 12, 1937 No. 27 1
Neuta Review of Current Events
GREEN SHAPES WAGE BILL
Dictates House Amendments , . . Thousands Flee China,
Expecting War . . . Housing Measure Stirs Up Senate
* ^ SUMMARIZES THE WORLD'S WEEK
C Western Newspaper Union.
Where Was John Lewis?
ILLIAM GREEN, president of
the American Federation of
Labor, emerged as the administra
tion's favorite son in matters affect
ing labor as he was permitted vir
tually to write his own amendments
to the house version of the wages
and hours bill. The senate had
passed the bill, 56 to 23, only after
President Roosevelt had called
Green to the White House and per
suaded him to give lukewarm ap
proval to the measure, with the un
derstanding that the house would
Southern Democrats in the senate,
led by Pat Harrison of Mississippi,
bitterly opposed the bill, but thSr
motion to recommit it to committee
was defeated, 48 to 36. The same
vigorous opposition was expected
from Dixie's representatives in the
house labor committee, but the
"Green amendments" (so called be
cause of the federation president's
complete domination of the commit
tee meeting) patched up the essen
The bill, as passed by the senate,
would create a labor standards
board empowered to set minimum
wages up to 40 cents an hour and
maximum work weeks down to 40
hours. The house committee had
intended to extend the limits to per
mit the board to set wages at 70
cents and hours as low as 35. Un
der Green's influence the house com
mittee decided to accept the senate
provisions on this part of the meas
ure, but the scope of the board was
greatly curtailed by an amendment
which would permit it to deal only
with employers who maintain
"sweatshops" and "starvation
wages" through fake collective bar
The "Green amendments" in
brief are :
1. Board jurisdiction over wages
and hours in any industry only if it
finds that collective bargaining
agreements do not cover a sufficient
number of employees or facilities
for collective bargaining are inef
2. Acceptance of wage-hour stand
ards established by collective bar
gaining in any occupation as prima
facie evidence of appropriate stand
ards in that occupation.
3. Board cannot alter wage-hour
standards already prevailing in oc
cupation in community considered,
or establish classification in any
community which affects adverse
ly the prevailing standard in the
same or other communities.
4. Industries are protected against
5. "Label provision" of original
act is eliminated to protect indus
try from what is considered a nui
6. Government work is removed
from tbe board's control and placed
under the Walsh-Healey act.
Chairman Mary T./Norton (D., N.
J.) of the labor committee indicat
ed the bill would be brought up in
the house under a special rule
and speedily passed.
, ? ? ?
$700,000,000 for Housing
tJ AVTNG disposed of wages and
*? ' hours legislation, the senate
took up the Wagner-Steagall low
cost housing bill. This would au
thorize the flotation
of a $700,000,000
bond issue by a
United States hous
ing authority. To
meet operating ex
penses of the pro
gram's first year,
$26,000,000 would be
diately. The pro
posed bond issue
was cut from $1,
000,000.000 as a com
promise with the Treasury depart
ment, which objected to so high a
The bill would aid low-cost hous
ing projects in two ways. It would
make loans to the full amount of
contracted projects, aiding the re
payment of the loans by direct
grants if the sponsors kept rents suf
ficiently low; or it would make di
rect grants not to exceed 25 per
cent of the cost of a project. Under
this latter method, the President
would be authorized to make an ad
ditional 15 per cent grant from re
lief funds, to be used only for the
employment of labor. Sponsors
would be required to contribute at
least 20 per cent of the cost.
Over the protest of administration
leaders, including Senator Wagner
and Majority Leader Barkley, the
senate adopted an amendment by
North China and
that the Chinese
preparing to with
stand the advance
of the Japanese
streams of refugees
pouring out of the
area while they had
the chance revealed
the opinion of
masses of people
that a great war
A. F. of L's WILLIAM GREEN
. . . leaves White House with a smile.
Harry F. Byrd (D., Va.) limiting
the cost of the housing projects to
$4,000 a family or $1,000 a room.
Wagner objected, principally on the
grounds that this would not be suf
ficient for projects in New York
city, where it is believed much of
the money will be spent.
Flee from the Rising Sun
WAR was still officially unde
clared, but all signs indicated
that Japan was making ready to
prosecute a long-term conflict in
Tokyo was hurrying soldiers to
In the Fengtai-Lukouchiao district
southwest of Peiping, 30,000 veteran
Japanese troops massed for an at
tack upon five divisions of China's
central government army, number
ing approximately 60,000. Including
the remnants of the twenty-ninth
army, driven from Peiping by the
Japanese, there were said to be
100,000 Chinese. Both sides were
well equipped with airplanes.
Further evidence of Japan's ex
pectation of real war were the
sweeping changes in military per
sonnel made after a conference be
tween Premier Konoye and Emper
or Hirohito. Four new division com
manders were named, as well as a
new commander for the island of
In a desperate effort to stem the
invaders, Gen. Chiang Kai-shek, dic
tator of China and commander of
the Chinese army, summoned into
conference at Nanking, national
capital, the warlords and governors
of important provinces. Plans were
made to throw hundreds of thou
sands of soldiers at the Japanese.
The provincial rulers apparently
were only too anxious. Chow En
lai, representing 100,000 communist
troops, said his men were willing
to become an advance guard for
the major Chinese offensive. Natign
wide military conscription was be
ing conducted apace.
Japanese newspapers reported
that a resolution to sever all re
lations with Japan was before the
Chinese political council for consid
eration. The fear that gripped Nan
king was illustrated by t^e govern
ment's publication of warnings
against giving away military se
crets, and the warnings which were
given government officials to get
their families out into the hinter
lands where they might be safe
from enemy bombers.
Civilians in China needed no
warning. Thousands upon thousands
were lined up at the railroad sta
tions in Shanghai and in Nanking;
many were women carrying child
ren and what belongings they could
not bear to leave behind. Thou
sands of Japanese civilians in China
packed the docks awaiting ships
which would carry them safely back
to their homeland.
U. S. Keeps Naval Pace
INDICATIONS were that both the
United States and Great Britain
would embark upon unusually large
peacetime naval building programs
Britain, according to reports in
London, will lay the keels for from
three to five battleships, six or
seven cruisers and a proportionate
quota of destroyers, submarines and
smaller craft, to surpass the 1937
total of 664,000 tons, a peacetime
record. It was also reported that
personnel would be increased ulti
mately by 125,000.
With the placing of additional 1937
contracts, Britain will soon have 110
vessels under construction. These
will include: 5 battleships of 35,000
tons, 5 aircraft carriers, 8 cruisers
of 9,000 to 10,000 tons, 5 cruisers of
8,000 tons, 7 cruisers of 5,300 tons,
16 superdestroyers of 1,650 tons, 18
submarines of from 540 to 1,520 tons,
12 sloops and 10 motor torpedo
Admiral William D. Leahy, chief
of American naval operations and
acting secretary of Uncle Sam's na
vy, jaid in Washington that con
gress will be asked to provide funds
for the construction of two battle
ships and two cruisers in the 1938
fiscal year. The admiral inferred
in a press conference that the
United States expects to keep pace
with other nations which are plan
ning extensive naval building.
14 Lost in Flying Boat
T WAS believed 14 persons were
lost in the Caribbean sea when
the Santa Maria, luxurious new fly
ing boat of the Pan American-Grace
airways, crashed 20 miles off
Cristobal, in the Canal Zone, after
nearly completing a scheduled flight
from Guayaquil, Ecuador.
Last radio reports from the pilot
indicated he was trying to spiral
down to the surface of the sea in a
torrential rainstorm. Two United
States submarines, cruising the
area in the hope of picking up some'
survivors, found part of the air
liner's shipment of mail, an engine
casing, a few other parts and a
bucket of ice cream floating in the
water. It was feared the pilot, co
pilot, steward and 11 passengers,
mostly Americans, were locked in
the cabin and lying on the bottom of
Wedge to Split Loyalists
A S THE battle of Madrid con
tinued to rage, Gen. Francisco
Franco's eastern army was driving
an ever-widening wedge into the ter
ritory near the junction of Teruel,
Cuenca and Valencia provinces 100
miles east of Madrid. His object
is to impose a barrier between Ma
drid and the loyalist government's
capital at Valencia.
Government forces all along the
line of advance were reported sur
rendering or fleeing. Insurgents
claimed to have captured large num
bers of automobiles and supplies of
arms, munitions and clothing.
Latest news from the Madrid front
indicated that a rebel attack in the
Usera sector southeast of the city
had been repulsed by machine gun
ners and dynamiters.
El Caudillo Is the Boss
INSURGENT Spain has a "head
1 man" and also has a name for
him now. In Germany things are
bossed by "Der Fuehrer," and Ital
ians scurry to obey "II Duce." Now
Rebel Spain has dubbed Gen.
Francisco Franco "El Caudillo."
Throughout the realm on walls and
fences are signs bearing the motto,
"Homenaje el Caudillo" ? "Obey the
leader." And the people salute him
by raising the right arm.
Franco's followers are protesting
that he is not a fascist, but he has
never announced just what form of
government he will propose for the
nation. There is said to be a scheme
afoot to shape it along the lines of
Portugal's corporative government.
Since he openly declared on July 19
that he believes the restoration of a
monarchy is vijal to cohesion of
Spain, it is believed that this is what
he will eventually effect. Prince
Juan, third son of the former King
Alfonso XIII, the likely candidate
for the crown.
Women Hear War Cry
NE of China's chief agitators
^ for war was Mme. Chiang Kai
shek, Wellesley-educated wife of the
dictator. She urged women to fight
Japan "according to their ability,"
citing the fashion in which the wom
en of Spain are occupying the fight
"In the World war the women of
every country gave their best," she
declared. "The women of China are
no less patriotic or capable of phys
"China is facing the gravest crisis
in its history. This means we must
sacrifice many of our soldiers,
masses of our innocent people,
much of the nation's wealth and see
ruthlessly destroyed the results of
our reconstruction. "
This Doesn't Mean All Collegians Are Chiselers
Elkins Park, Pa.? When students return soon to their studies at Temple university, they will resume
their lessons in sculpture. They are shown here learning modeling under the direction of Boris Blai in the
university's Stella Elkins Tyler school of fine arts. Classes in bronze casting will follow.
9m ThorrrtonWT Burgess i
SAMMY JAY CALMS DOWN
p VERYBODY on the Green Mead
owns and in the Green Forest
who heard Sammy Jay thought he
had gone crazy. He certainly acted
as if he were crazy. He couldn't
sit still long enough to answer ques
tions, but flew here and flew there,
and flew everywhere, all the time
screaming so fast that he mixed his
words all up. It was no wonder
that his neighbors thought Sammy
Jay was crazy.
But he wasn't. No, sir, he wasn't.
He was just excited, terribly excit
He hunted op Une' Billy Possum
sod asked him what all the fuss
ed. And it was all because of what
he had seen deep in the Green For
est. But his little neighbor* didn't
know anything about this, and so
they thought that something was
wrong with Sammy's head, and they
said to each other: "Poor Sammy
Jay. Isn't it too bad? What could
have happened to make him go
A dyed quill shading from bright
red to dark green is stuck through
the upturned brim in a new version
of the "Rough Riders' " hat. The
body at the hat is benna-red felt
The rounded crown is low.
Now, all this made Sammy worse
than before. You know, when you
try to tell a thing and people can
not understand you, you are very
apt to grow impatient. Most people
are, anyway. And it was so with
Sammy Jay. He tried to tell what
he* had seen, but was so excited
that his words tumbled over each
other and were so mixed up that
no one could understand what he
was trying to tell, and this made
Sammy more excited than ever,
so that his talk was more mixed up
than ever. Worse still, he began to
lose his temper, and he quite lost
it when he happened to overhear
some of his neighbors say that he
certainly was crazy. For the time
being he quite forgot everything else
and just told everybody what he
thought of them, and what he told
them wasn't at all nice.
Now, about this time along came
Sammy's cousin. Blacky the Crow.
He heard Sammy calling his neigh
bors bad names, and he heard the
other little people saying that Sam
my was crazy. He hunted up Unc'
Billy Possum and asked him what
all the fuss was about. Unc' Billy
told him how Sammy Jay had come
screaming about something he had
seen deep in the Green Forest, and
how nobody could make any sense
of what he said. "He told us that
t had great, big claws in its
nouth," said Unc' Billy, grinning
at the memory. "Do you wonder,
Br'er Crow, that we uns think he
is foolish in his haid?"
Blackie said he didn't wonder at
ill, and then flew away to look (or
Sammy Jay. He had no trouble
finding him, for he had only to lis
ten to hear Sammy's angry voice.
He flew right over to where Sammy
"You come over to the Lone Pine
with me!" said he, sharply.
Now if there is any one in all the
jreen Forest or on the Green Mead
>ws for whom Sammy Jay has re
spect it is for his big cousin, Blackie
the Crow. You see, smart and sly
and clever as Sammy Jay is, Blacky
the Crow is smarter and more sly
and more clever, and Sammy knows
it So when Blacky told him to
come to the Lone Pine with him,
"Now, Sammy, tell me all about
it," said Blacky, when they Were
comfortably seated in the Lone
Pine. So Sammy began at the
beginning and told his story, and
this time he told it quite straight,
for every time he began to get ex
cited Blacky would flx his sharp
eyes on him in a way that made
Sammy feel uncomfortably, and he
would at once calm down. It was a
queer story Sammy told, and when
he had finished Blacky the Crow
looked as if he didn't believe a word
of it. Poor Sammy saw this.
"You don't think 1 am crazy, too,
do you. Cousin Blacky?" he asked.
"I don't know," replied Blacky.
'T really don't know what to think."
O T. W. Burgeu. ? WHU Service
FIRST-AID TO AILING HOUSE
By ROGER B. WHITMAN
DULL DOOR KNOBS
TWO years ago a Colonial house
* was built in my neighborhood;
small but very charming in design
and appearance. It was quickly
bought and occupied. The new mis
tress was very proud of it, and tried
to keep it in its new condition. But
inevitably, it began to deteriorate.
One thing that greatly troubled her
was the appearance of the hardware
of the front door; the door knob and
its plate, the push button and the
knocker. When new, these were
shiny brass, and weekly polishing
was part of the house-mistress'
schedule. After a year or so, how
ever, she found that the metal no
A glance was enough to show
that the brass did not go all the j
way through; that it was only on
the surface. The body of the hard
ware was steel, and was exposed
as polishing took off the brass plat
ing The builder saved a little mon
ey for himself in using brass-plated
steel instead of solid brass, although
at the most it could not have been
more than a dollar or two.
My advice was to reckce the
cheap metal with other flleces of
solid brass, which could ba had at
any well stocked hardware store.
One disadvantage of steel hard
ware is that in time the paint
around it becomes stained with
rusty drip. With solid brass this
does not occur.
? ? ?
PAINT ON WINDOW SILLS
Window sills and the rest of the
inside trim around a window are usu
ally finished with the same kind of
paint that is used on the walls and
other parts of a room. This inside
'BUT t DON'T NEED
THE EXERCISE - .
1 WALK IN y |
By DOUGLAS M ALLOC H
ZINNIAS, gardenias, it's all th?
same to me.
There isn't any difference, as far at
I can see.
Hothouse flow'rs or ones like ours, I
always think and say
That anything is beautiful, is pretty
in a way.
Buttercup or gutter pup, an orches
tra, a bird.
Always something to be seen or
something to be heard,
Alleyway or valley way, a country
road, a street.
Always something to be found, and
always something\ sweet.
Silken hose or cotton clothes, it's all
the same to me.
There isn't any difference, as far as
I can see.
Womenfolk are human folk, what
ever they may wear.
Whether cotton, whether silk, I
never really care.
Janitors and senators, in overalls or
Something good in all of them, the
? rest to be forgot.
Fellowmen, if yellow men, or whit*
or black or red,
Chilly till they find a fire, and hun
gry till they're fed.
Many things and penny things, it's
all the same to me.
There isn't any difference, as far as
I can see.
All we own, however known tor
property or lands.
All we own is in our hearts and
never in our hands.
Things we love are far above what
ever we possess,
Things we feel, not things we have,
will bring us happiness.
What we need, not much indeed,
and then our loves and
And life is always beautiful, or so
it always seems.
C Donglu 1^1 1 loch ? WND Barrio*.
paint is not intended to be exposed
to weather; yet when a window is
open, the window sills are no better
protected then if they were out
doors. For this reason it is paint
on the inside window sills that first
becomes damaged. For protection,
window sill paint and the paint on
other nearby parts of a window can
be given a coat of spar varnish.
This, of course, is glossy but even
so, it is better than the cracking,
peeling, and even disappearance of
C By Roger B. Whitman
By BEST BALL ||
FROM Ttt TO *1N
LARGE. HANDS A MCLP
SETS PBO PACE
A LF PADGHAM was the British
'* professional golfer of the year
1936. His crowning achievement was
winning the British Open title but
even prior to this event he had won
several major events. His yearly
earnings total as well as his average
score would compare favorably
with that of high bracketed Amer
ican pros. To win such an amount
of money in English tournaments,
one must have a monopoly on the
prize events and it is just such a
golf tycoon that Padgham proved to
be. Padgham can put plenty of pow
er and subsequent distance to his
drives but they are not the result of
great physical leverage but rather
the product of smooth, leisurely
swinging. This is the hallmark of
the consistent golfer who can shoot
par golf for round after round. Bob
by Jones once observed thatobe had
never known a first class golfer who
did not possess large hands and
feet. Padgham can boast of the for
mer in good measure. To the Eng
lish observer they compare favor
ably with Harry Vardon's, which
means the ultra in British praise.
While Padgham's game is now well
rounded there was a time when his
putting was the weak sister of his
game. Practice cured this and his
smooth Bowing stroke is now good
enough to more than hold its own
with golfs greatest.
? Ban Syndicate. ? WNU Sarrtaa.