The Alamance gleaner. (Graham, Alamance County, N.C.) 1875-1963, August 19, 1937, Image 1
The Alamance Gleaner Vol. LXIII GRAHAM, N. C., THURSDAY, AUGUST 19, 1937 No. 28 JV'gipa Review of Current Event* I BLACK NAMED FOR COURT Choice Surprise to Senate . . . Chinese Central Army Clashes with Japanese . . . Legislation in Tangled Mess Japanese Soldiers Bring Their Own Beer to Pelping. U/. ftuJcaJLcl / ^ SUMMARIZES THE WORLD'S WEEK C Western Newspaper Union. Nominee Draws Rebuke WITH his customary exercise of the dramatic, President Roose velt Dominated Senator Hugo L. Black (Dem., Ala.) to fill the vacan Senator Black cy on the Supreme court bench caused by the retirement of Justice Willis Van Devanter. Senator Black had not even been mentioned for consideration previ ously, and the ap pointment was a complete surprise to his colleagues. For 20 years it has hppn n r ii ? t o m. when a senator is appointed to high office, for his nomination to be con sidered in open executive session. But when Senator Ashurst (Dem., Ariz.) proposed this in Senator B 1 a e k's nomination, objections came forth immediately from Sen ator Burke (Dem., Neb.) and Sena tor Johnson (Rep., Calif.). They asked that the nomination be re ferred to the senate judiciary com mittee for "careful consideration." This was viewed in the light of a distinct rebuke for the nominee. Senator Black has been a militant leader in the fight for the Presi dent's wages and hours legislation. As a justice he would have the op portunity to pass upon measures regulating public utility holding companies, authorizing federal loans and grants for publicly-owned power plants, and fixing prices in the soft-coal industry. Shells Pepper Great Wall A LTHOUGH war was still with out benefit of official declara tion, the army of the Chinese cen tral government clashed with the Japanese invaders for the first time. The Eighty-ninth division, from the provinces of Suiyuan and Shansi be gan the attack at the Nankow pass of the Great Wall, 30 miles north west of Peiping, the Japanese said. Through this pass the Japanese have been able to move reinforce ments from Manchukuo, its protec torate, and the Chinese wanted to gain control of It. They wiped out a whole battalion of Japanese sol diers in the opening battle. The Japanese opened up Immedi ately afterward with heavy artillery fire which the Chinese failed to . re turn. Indeed the latter were silently retreating into positions they thought more secure. As shells fell in the city of Nankow, fires were seen to arise from heavily populat ed areas. The Chinese, however, were said to be well equipped with trench mortars with which to de fend the pass once they considered their position satisfactory. Japanese warned. that all of their forces in North China, some 40,000 fighting men, would be loosed upon the Chinsee if they made anV at tempt to return to the old capital in Peiping, now held by the invaders. South Demands Crop Loans f^ONGRESS regarded adjoum ment as possibly farther off than ever as the wage-hour bill got all tangled up with surplus agricul tural control and cotton loans in what looked like a hopeless mess. With the Department of Agricul ture estimating a 15,500. 000-bale cot ton crop, about 3,000,000 bales more than can be consumed. Southern representatives and senators were demanding surplus crop loans. The Commodity Credit corporation has authority to make such loans. In a press conference. President Roosevelt indicated that he had no intention of permitting a 10-cent cot ton loan until congress passed the agricultural control program and ever-normal granary bill which Sec retary of Agriculture Wallace says is necessary before the new session in January. Trouble is the house committee doesn't know how to write such a bill and make it stick, in view of the Supreme court's deci sion on the AAA. Now the Southern bloc has made it clear that it will not push through the President's much-desired wages and hours bill, as dictated by Wil liam Green, president of the Ameri can Federation of Labor, unless southern farmers get their cotton loans. Furthermore, the Southern ers under the capitol dome are now asking for loans as high as IS cents a pound, and in some cases even 18 cents. The South is not any too well in accord with maximum hours and minimum wages anyway. The result of the whole affair is a complete stalemate. Somebody will have to give in; somebody prob ably will, and there will be old fashioned "hoss - trading" on a wholesale scale. For congress wants to adjourn before the snow flies. Senate O.K.'s Court Reform A LL that was left of the admin istration's sweeping court re form proposals passed the senate in an hour without a record vote. This was the procedural reform bill for the lower federal courts. It was in the nature of a substitute for the Sumners bill in the house of repre sentatives, and went back to the house for what was expected to be a peaceable conference. The bill, as summarized by Sen. Warren R. Austin (Rep., Vt.), who wrote most of it, included: Provision making it the duty of the District court, in any constitu tional suit between private citizens, to notify the Department of Justice that upon a showing by the attorney general that the United States had a probable interest the government would be made a party to the suit. Permission for the senior circuit judge to reassign district judges within that circuit for the purpose of clearing congested dockets. (If necessary, a judge may be trans ferred from one circuit to another.) Permission for direct appeal to the Supreme court, if 30-day notice is given, from any decision of a District court against the constitu tionality of an act. Requirement that all suits for in junction against the operation of federal statutes to be heard b y a three-judge court, including at least one circuit court of appeals judge. Shanghai Smells Smoke A JAPANESE officer and a sea man tried to enter the Shang hai airport, now under Chinese mili tary control, in a high speed auto mobile. Chinese guards, after try ing to halt them, shot and killed them. The Japanese claimed the road on which the men were travel ing was part of the international set tlement, and threatened the sever est reprisals unless the Chinese made satisfactory explanation. The incident bid fair to touch off a terrible conflict on the scene of the war of 1932. When Japanese warships threatened the Shanghai wharves, Chinese national troops be gan pouring into the city from ev ery direction. Simultaneously came reports that two boatloads of Nip ponese soldiers were headed to aug ment the garrison in Shanghai, and that the sudden ingress of Chinese troops had virtually blocked off the entire city, isolating thousands of foreigners from the outside world. Cutting Madrid from Sea WLY but determinedly Gen. ffancisco Franco'* rebels are pressing their campaign to cut Madrid off from Valencia and the sea. Latest advances of well-mo bilized and mechanized troops, fol lowing up co-ordinated attacks, brought the insurgents near to the capture of Salvacanete, which is only 30 miles from Cuenca. Cuenca is the provincial capital, and from it emanate most of the roads upon which the loyalist government is depending to keep open the traffic between the two cities. Reports revealed that the rebels were also opening a new drive on Santander, last government strong hold on the northern coast, and had already made important advances. The drive followed an attack made upon them by Asturian miners fight ing under the loyalist colors. The miners acted quickly in a surprise move, advancing far enough to throw hand grenades into the insur gent trenches. Then the rebels opened up with machine gun fire and half the attacking band was killed, Franco's officers claimed. That all might not be going as well as General Franco insisted was indicated when he was forced into the paradoxical act of shelling one of his own cities, Segovia. This was done, it was reported, to quell a rebellion among the insurgent forces. It was also said that the insurrection had been spreading among several provinces. Meanwhile, other nations were on the point of being involved again. There was a riot among rebel troops at Toledo, and Italian soldiers were alleged to have aided in quelling the uprising. Four merchant ships ?one British, one Italian, one French and one Greek ? were at tacked in the Mediterranean by three "mystery" planes. Great Brit ain blamed the rebels and demand ed an answer to its protest. Italy blamed the red loyalists. The loy alists blamed the rebels, the rebel* blamed the loyalists. Petping Gets "Protection" " A LTHOUGH Nanking is pre L 1 paring to wage a destructive war, do not be afraid. "The Japanese army will protect Emperor King Teh you. Leaflets contain ing these words flut tered from the skies to come to rest in the hands of resi dents of the ancient Chinese capital, Peiping. As the air planes which spread the news hummed overhead, a brigade of 3,000 Japanese soldiers, in com mand of Maj. Gen. Torashimo Kawabe marched through the city, taking possession of it in the name of Tokyo. What would be the result of the new Japanese domination apparent ly begun by Maj. Gen. Kawabe was a matter for speculation. Chinese residents, long since convinced that the inevitable would happen, took it calmly enough. Some of them voiced their belief that the former boy emperor of China, Tsuan Tung (Henry Pu-Yi), since 1934 Emperor Kang Teh of Manchukuo, would re turn to his throne in Peiping. He would then rule over North China as well as Manchukuo, as a puppet for whom Japan would pull the strings. New York'f Share Cut CENATOR ROBERT F. WAO NER'S (Dem., N. Y.) *726,000, 000 housing bill ?u passed by the senate, 64 to 16, but the senator scarcely recognized it when his fel lows were done with it. Senator Wagner and other admin istration leaders struggled frantical ly to defeat an amendment by Har- j ry F. Byrd (Dem., Va.) limiting the cost of housing projects to $1,000 a room or *4,000 a family unit. Result of the straggle: The upper house, which originally passed the amend ment 40 to 39, defeated a motion to reconsider by 44 to 38. The bill originally called for ex- l penditures up to $1,500 a room or $7,000 a family unit Opponents i conceded that the Byrd amendment would prohibit the building of the type of houses Senator Wagner had in mind in New York City. Purge Toll to Date: 320 CEVENTY-TWO Russians in East ^ Siberia were lined up and shot by the government, bringing the to tal number of eastern executions in Russia's purge of "Trotzkyists" to 320. The 72, described as right ist terrorists, were charged with operating along the Siberian rail road for the Japanese secret serv ice. It was alleged the accused had wrecked a train, killing 14 persons and injuring 40. Arrests of officials in charge of various branches of the Soviet econ omy who had failed to make their production quotas continued. You'd Never Guess What They're Doing in a Million Years Calcutta, India.? About the last thing in the world you'd ever suspect is that these are football fans, watching a game through periscopes. But that's what they are and that's what they're doing. The game was played in Calcutta during the monsoon season. w * An Thornton W Burcfess WHAT SAMMY JAY TOLD BLACKY THE CROW THIS is the story, the amazing story, that Sammy Jay told to Blacky the Crow as they sat in the Lone Pine. It is the same story he had tried to tell all the little peo ple of the Green Meadows and the Green Forest, but that in his ex citement he had mixed up so that nobody could make head or tail of it, and so everybody had thought he had gone crazy. "I had gone way, way into the Green Forest just to look around a little," said Sammy. "I had seen Blacky snook m? bead. "Waa It at black as mine?" he asked. nothing and nobody lor a long time, when suddenly I law tome thing moving on the ground. I flew over to see what it was, and when I got where I could see clearly I nearly fell from the tree in which I was sitting. Yes, sir, I was so surprised and ? and frightened that I nearly fell out of that tree I" Blacky looked as if he didn't quite Blue for Wally Wall is blue is the color of the front of the Jacket and the softly draped, scarf-like front of the dress in this outfit of black crepe. Sleeves in the dress and jacket are black and clips are placed at each side of the neck on the dress. believe this, but thought that Sam my was just trying to make a big story. But he didn't say anything, and Sammy went on. "At first I thought it was Farmer Brown's boy, for the stranger was standing on two legs, just like Farmer Brown's boy, and his back was to roe. But in a minute I saw he had on a black fur coat, and I've never seen Farmer Brown's boy wearing a black fur coat, have you?" Blacky shook his head. "Was it as black as mine?" he asked. Sammy nodded. "Just as black," said he. "In a minute he began to walk, and he didn't walk on two feet ? he walked on four feet!" Sam my was beginning to get excited again. "I was so surprised that I guess I screamed. Of course, he heard me and looked up. Hello, Mr. Jay!' said he. and grinned, and when he grinned he showed his teeth and they were very big. 'I had begun to think that nobody lives around here and was getting kind of lonesome. You don't happen to know where there is any honey, do youT' The idea of thinking that there would be any honey as early in the spring as this! % Then he walked over to a big tree and stood up and stretched his hands way up as high as he could and scratched the bark of the tree, and he has the awfulest claws you ever sawl I didn't suppose anybody ever had such claws. When I saw those I just spread my wings and flew away as fast as ever I could. And now when I try to tell About it every body calls me crazy." Blacky scratched his head thoughtfully and Sammy suspected that he, too, thought him crazy. "Did he have a tail?" asked Blacky. "I ? I don't know," confessed Sam my. "I didn't stop to look." "And you say he is as big as ? as Reddy Fox?" asked Blacky, hi* sharp eyes twinkling shrewdly. "I said he is as big as Farmer Brown'* boy!" replied Sammy in dignantly. "And he walks on four legs?" per sisted Blacky. "Yes," replied Sammy, "but he stands on two legs." "Hm-m-m," said Blacky. "I've lived a long time in the Green For est, but I've never seen or heard of any one like that. You are sure you did not dream it, Sammy?" "Of course, I didn't dream itl" cried Sammy. "Did you ever know me to go to sleep in the daytime? I tell you he's a stranger!" "Where did you say you saw him?" asked Blacky. "Deep in the Green Forest, be yond the pond of Paddy the Beav er," replied Sammy. "I believe I'll go have a look for myself," said Blacky. "Won't you come show me the way?" "No, thanks," replied Sammy promptly. . "I've seen him once, and that's enough!" And so Blacky the Crow started alone to hunt for the stranger in the Green Forest. C T. W. Burcaa* WKD a*rrlM. FIRST-AID TO AILING HOUSE By ROGER ?. WHITMAN DON'T BUY WORN-OUT HOUSE WHEN ? family goes house hunting, the first thought is for location, and the second tor a house with the necessary number of rooms. Satisfied on these points, the choice is likely to go to the house that is attractive in appearance and prettily decorated. Unfortunately, little thought may be given to an other point, although as a matter of fact, it is of high importance. This is the judging of the house by what it will cost to occupy; what the heating cost will be, and the prob able need for future repairs and re placements. The purchase price is paid but once, while the costs of occupancy go on for as long as the bouse is lived in. The lower they are, the better. For an ex ample, consider two houses, that while otherwise the same, have dif ferences in construction that make it possible for one of them to be heated for $50 less per winter than the other. The house that makes the saving is a better buy than the other, even though the purchase price may be higher. If the previous occupant of a house can be located, he should be asked about the amount of fuel that was burned. Another source of infor mation is a local dealer in coal or oil. Quite often a next-door neigh bor will know. A house that has previously been lived in will need radecoration and the reAnishing of floors. Thia is to be expected. But before papers are signed, the prospective owner should know more about the house than shows on the surface. He should know the condition of the wster pipes, the stiffness of the house, the length of life that is to be expected from the roof, and other matters that are usually beyond the knowledge and experience of an average prospective home owner. A house is security for the money that it costs, and like any good se curity, should retain its value. I believe that a buyer will find that his money is well spent in engaging an architect or a competent and unbiased builder to make a~ thor ough examination of the bouse, and to report on its condition. This will show the extent of depreciation. It will also be a guide as to the re pairs and replacements that will be necessary in the future ? the condi tion of the heating plant, the sound ness of the timbers, the resistance of walls and roof to weather and to leakage of air and water, the soundness of the masonry and the condition of the mortar joints. All of those details have ? bearing on the real value of the house, and on the maintenance expenses to which an owner will be subjected. The fee for examination will not be great; but whatever it may be, it will be little enough to pay for protection against the buying of a poorly built house. ??'aSTs!^? FIRST THE HILL By DOUGLAS MALLOCH THE dream is always greater than The man, however great the plan. The gaunt New Englander went forth To build a nation in the North And little thought beyond the crest Of good green hills a little west. And yet the flag he gave to dawn Now flies above the Oregon. For always up alluring streams New dreams move onward from old dreams. And over hills men make their way And find new hills to conquer. They Make camp tonight, and think that here Their march is ended. Yet the year Shall see their campfires redden skies Above new hills of enterprise. But he who never dreams at all Because the dream may seem so small. Who thinks to walk the level mile A journey hardly worth the while. Will live and die within the vale, Will never find the upward trail. For none will climb the mountain till He, first of all, has climbed the MIL. ? Dootlai Uallocb ? WNU ItrM. THE LANGUAGE OF TOUR HJLMD 9 By Laicaatar K. Dana f Public Ledger. Inc TP HERE are some men and A women whose successes are seemingly achieved solely through tireless scheming and almost un canny foresight. Such people gain their objectives by secrecy and shrewdness, which often fall Just short of cunning. In matters at finance particularly, they seldom miss a trick, which is sometimes taken at the expense of the other fellow. Here we shall consider the fourth finger and its indications of this kind of mental power. Finger of Shrewd Mentality. Excessive leanness and length are, perhaps, the most outstanding characteristics of this type of fin ger. With them is also found . a somewhat irregular but pronounced curve of the entire finger toward the third finger. The finger is of rather wiry appearance, with peculiarly prominent knuckles, notably the second joint. These, however, are not of the usual "knotty" variety. The nail tip is often quite striking in its length, and the nail is in variably long, narrow, inclined to convexity of form and well set. With the hand extended wide, the finger lies extremely close to the third fin ger, and with fingers pressed to gether its tip falls just below that o< the third finger. Those who possess fourth fingers of this type usually plan secretly and thoroughly, and have an amaz ing tirelessness in bringing their plans to a successful outcome. WNU S*rflc*. MOP?y] \J( CAN YOU (XV V XlRE/-"* I I CQlOE VOun /THATS WW I Vo ASSAILANT?/*. 30CKEO I 4 > ME ? FOR I f|Sl% rcacstisura J}? 5 wl wokftj ? WNU S*nric?. Forest Land More Porous Government tests show that th* ?oil in forests is 50 per cent mora porous than bare earth. This for est sponge (rips a flood in its meah.