The Alamance gleaner. (Graham, Alamance County, N.C.) 1875-1963, August 26, 1937, Image 1
The Alamance Gleaner - . m 0 LXIH GRAHAM, N. C., THURSDAY, AUGUST 26, 1937 No. 2$ Sew a Review of Current Events CHINA'S HORROR GROWS Thousands Die in Unofficial War . . . Senate Confirms Black Appointment . . . House Debates Deficiency Bill ^^jZLtrtuul U/. PicJuzJui * ^ SUMMARIZES THE WORLD'S WEEK ? Western Newspaper Union. Declared or Not, It's War CHANGHAI'S "war" of 1932 was a ^ second-rate movie sham battle compared with what's going on over there now. The city of 3,500,000 in habitants and its environs are a scene of destruction, terror, flames and death on a mass scale the hor ror of which is unthinkable. Thousands upon thousands of ci vilians lie dead, dying and wounded, and the toll increases day after day. No estimate has even been attempt ed to determine the amount of cas ualties among the Chinese and Jap anese fighting forces. Indeed such an estimate today might be woefully inadequate tomorrow, for reports tell of whole brigades being shot or blown to bits in a single encoun ter. Square mile after square mile, especially in the native Chapei dis trict, has been gutted by fires that rise in the wake of bombs and artil lery shells. Millions of men, wom en and children face slower, even more terrible death by hunger, for who is to bring supplies from the outlying farm fields while the whole area is under terrific fire? Even in the International Settle ment life is fleeting, insecure, for bombs and shells drop there, too. And with 1,000,000 refugees inside to be fed, shops are rapidly locking their doors to protect their wares from rioters. As this is written, the Chinese land forces, outnumbering the Jap anese four to one, are forcing the invaders slowly back to the Whang poo in fierce ground fighting. Wheth er the Japanese reinforcements will be able to turn the tide of battle is problematical. At the same time Japanese warships ? half the entire Japanese fleet must be in the Whangpoo ? are showering explod ing shells upon huge concentrations of Chinese soldiers. Eye-witnesses reported that the Japanese had concentrated some 40 destroyers, six cruisers, four dread naughts, an airplane carrier and many gunboats in the rivers near Shanghai. Only through a clever maneuver did the Chinese prevent them from gaining the upper reaches of the Whangpoo and shell ing Shanghai from the rear. The Chinese, in a surprise attack, cap tured six Japanese merchant ships, sailed them into the heart of the channel and scuttled them, prevent ing passage. American authorities in Shanghai decided upon immediate evacuation by the 3,800 Yanks living there. The danger which confronted them was emphasized when stray Japanese bombs blasted the American Bap tist mission, leaving the fate of 20 persons inside in grave doubt. United States marines were on hand, of course, to offer what pro tection they could to American na tionals, and reinforcements were quick in leaving San Diego, Calif., to join them. The U. S. S. Augusta, flagship of Uncle Sam's China squadron, lay in the Whangpoo alongside the Japanese ships. With shrapnel flying about their ears, Americans were getting out of China on every available ship. It was not considered likely that President Roosevelt would invoke the neutrality act so long as no "official" state of war between Japan and China existed. This would involve the declaration of em bargoes on arms and on the exten sion of credits to both nations, a situation which would be of definite aid to the aggressor, Japan, since China is in far greater need of war materials. Japan continued to "defend" it self, officially, from the wicked Chinese, whom its foreign office characterized as "prejudiced." However, the "defense" was being carried on in the other fellow's back yard. Japanese authorities con tinued to insist that they meant no harm to the Chinese people, and that their aim was still for the co operation of China, Manchukuo, and Japan. They also revealed that voluntary contributions to the na tion's war chest, coming from all over Japan, had passed the $2,500, 000 mark. Question Black's Eligibility THE senate confirmed the Presi dent's nomination of Sen. Hugo L. Black of Alabama to the Supreme court, 63 to 16, but only after a bitter fight, following which the mi nority protested that the confirma tion had been railroaded through. Six Democrats and ten Republi Appointee ill judicial mien. cans voted against Black. The Dem ocratic insurgents, led by Edward R. Burke (Neb.) and Royal S. Cope land (N. Y.) based their objec tions principally upon charges that he was associated with the Ku KIllx Klan, and therefore unfitted to sit with the high tribunal for reasons of racial and religious prejudice. The Republicans, notably William E. Borah (Idaho), argued that he could not legally become a member of the court. That his eligibility might be tested before the court itself was a possi bility when Attorney Albert Levitt, former special assistant to Attorney General Homer S. Cummings/ filed a plea for leave to pray an order for Black to show affirmatively why he should be permitted to serve as an associate justice. He raised the same legal questions as the Repub lican minority had: 1. That Black could not become a justice because during his term as a senator the Sumners retirement act was passed, permitting justices to retire at full pay. The Constitu tion provides that no member of congress shall be appointed to an office which was created or the emolument of which was increased during his membership in congress. 2. That no vacancy existed on the Supreme court anyway, since Jus tice Willis Van Devanter had only retired, not resigned, and may still be called for judicial service by the chief justice. Grist from the Mill A FTER months of wrangling o\*jr the Supreme court measure, the wages and hours bill, the ever normal-granary bill and other ad ministration "musts" the house of representatives began to act upon some other legislation in haste, with a view to adjournment some day, some time. The house appropriations commit tee reported out the year's last "de ficiency" measure to supply funds for government operations over looked in the regular budget. It called for $78,500,000; two previous deficiency measures, totaling nearly a billion, had been passed. The committee turned down requests from the executive department for $43,000,000 in additional appropria tions. Some of the appropriations recommended were $23,000,000 for new buildings, $3,000,000 for federal participation in the New York world's fair and $1,500,000 for par ticipation in the San Francisco world's fair. Funds for the opera tion of the Jones-Bankhead farm tenancy act and for naval building were denied altogether; appropria tions for payments to federal land banks and the Federal Farm Mort gage corporation, and 'the national labor relations board were sliced' se verely. The house passed the low-cost housing bill, but with so many al terations that it had to go to a joint committee for the differences to be straightened out before it could be sent to the White House. The sen ate had approved a bond issue of $700,000,000; the house shaved it to $500,000. The house also raised the percentage of funds which local communities must contribute to projects; increased the limitation of cost of a single dwelling to $5,000 or $1,000 a room; and cut the limit of any one state's share in the funds from 20 per cent to 10 per cent. The house also passed a bill de signed to plug the tax loopholes by which, it was alleged, the wealthy have been, legally or illegally, avoiding the payment of income taxes which they have a moral if not a legal right ,to pay. The ex tremely complicated bill carried unanimously. Campaign Aftermath '"TURNED down by the house rules committee when he demanded a special investigation. Rep. Bertrand H. Snell of New York, Republican floor leader, has carried direct to At torney General Homer S. Cummings his charges of violation of the fed eral corrupt practices act by the Democratic national committee. The charges arise from National Chair man James A. Farley's ingenious method of replenishing the party's treasury by selling Democratic con vention books, autographed by Pres ident Roosevelt, for $250 each. In a letter to Cummings, Snell charged: 1. That sales of the book, auto graphed by the President, in 1936, at $250 each constitute an illegal collection of campaign funds and a direct violation of section 313 of the corrupt practices act. 2. That a Colorado man was the ; "victim of eleven specific acts of reprisals" by the resettlement ad ministration and threats to "put him out of business" since his refusal last October to subscribe $500 to the book sales campaign. 3. That a New Yorker was ap proached by a Democratic campaign committee agent with promise of White House intervention in return for a $25,000 subscription or retainer. Snell attached affidavits and a synopsis of the evidence he had fur nished the house rules committee. Rebels Press Santander 0 EPORTS from the insurgent 1 command said that 35 villages and 1,000 prisoners had been cap tured by the rebels in their drive on Santander and the tiny remaining slice of the northern Spanish coast held by the government. The gov ernment admitted that some ad vances had been made, but refused to concede that General Franco's forces were threatening the main defenses of the Santander area. Franco, in his_new drive, was ua ing the same tactics which eventu ally brought about the downfall of Bilbao after a siege of many months. Bombing planes and artil lery were pounding the fortifications while other airplanes poured ma chine gun fire upon trenches. Rumor Has Farley Quitting IS "Genial Jim" Farley going to 1 resign as postmaster general to become the executive head of an automobile firm? That's what his friends in Washing ton say, and Jim has not denied the rumor, as he has promptly denied similar rumors in the past. Farley, it is said, seeks to re habilitate his per sonal fortunes. As postmaster general he has lost $10,000 a year over his salary of $15,000 and is, ac Jim Farley cording to his friends, today in debt. The story went that he would be come an executive of the Pierce Arrow Motor corporation, that 5,000 new shares of stock would be deliv ered to him, and that he would also be allowed to share in the $100,000 stock purchase warrants. Wonder if the Pierce-Arrow sales force is watching the charts for Maine and VermontT French Lifeline Periled? The Paris press disclosed that France considers herself in dan ger of losing her possessions in the Near East and of having her air route connections with the Far East severed because of revolts in Syria. Censorship of the news out of Syria is strict, but some reports have leaked through which indicate the revolt recently quelled was a serious one. According to one dis patch the population is extremely dissatisfied with the terms of the Franco-Syrian treaty signed last September 10. As soon as the prop er machinery can be set up, the treaty provides, a unified Syrian state Will be formed from four of the five mandate areas which the French hold in the Levant. Large sections of the population differ in religion from the Syrians in Damascus. They are willing to be governed by a foreign nation like France, as they have been for cen turies, but they do not want to b? subjected to the will of the Damas cus politicians. ? ? *? Protests Lease of Ships T A NACION, influential newspaper *-'of Buenos Aires, Argentina, caused some stir by vigorously pro testing the proposed leasing of ob solete United States warships to Brazil, declaring that such an act would upset the balance of naval power in South America. Secretary of State Hull had writ ten a letter to the senate naval com mittee asking congressional authori ty for the leasing of over-age war vessels to South American repub lics, to be used for training. Keep Your Eyes on the Pipe ? the World's Biggest THESE pretty girls in a tobacco field at South Boston, Va.. are carrying the biggest pipe in the world, made (or the National Tobac co festival in their town. It is 18 feet long and two of the girls could get into the bowl. Zu Thornton W Burcfess BLACKY THE CROW IS AS EX CITED AS SAMMY JAY WHEN Sammy Jay came flying out, of the Green Forest screaming at the top of his lungs and so excited that he couldn't talk straight, everybody said that he had gone crazy. You see, he was too ex cited to tell what the trouble was. At last his cousin. Blacky the Crow, He Caught Himself Just in Time and Flew to tbe Top of the Near est Pine Tree. managed to get him calmed down so that he could tell him all about it. When he heard the story which Sammy had to tell of the stranger he had seen deep in the Green For est he looked very much as the oth er little people did when they heard Sammy screaming foolishly. You see, it was very hard for Blacky to really believe that Sam Sable Kolinsky Sable dyed kolinsky is a real suc cess now and comes in beautiful dark brown. In the body of this three-quarter length swagger coat, which is elegant enough for evening wear, the skins are used vertically, with ? horizontal working of the sleeves. 5 my had seen what he had said he had. Not that he thought Sammy was telling a wrong story! Oh, my, no! Sammy was toojnuch in ear-_ nest. What Blacky thought was that he had seen a lot more than he really had. You see, Blacky had lived a long time in the Green For est and he never had seen or heard of such a stranger as Sammy told about. He asked Sammy just where he had seen the stranger, and Sammy told him that it was way deep in the Green Forest, beyond the pond built by Paddy the Beaver. Now, Blacky believes that the only way to make sure of things is to see them, and not be content with the word of some one else. So he sud denly made up his mind that he would visit the place where Sammy Jay had seen the stranger. He in vited Sammy to go along with him, but Sammy refused. It was very plain to see that Sammy was afraid of the stranger. Blacky chuckled to himself as he flew over the pond of Paddy the Beaver and so deep into the Green Forest. "The idea," said Blacky, "of there being a stranger as big as Farmer Brown's Boy and wearing a black fur coat! Nobody like that ever has lived in the Green Forest. I guess I'd know if they had. Sam my must have eaten something and had a very bad dream, or else there is something the matter with his eyes." He was talking to himself in this way as he flew along, all the time keeping a sharp watch for the stranger, when, without any warn ing, the stranger himself stepped out from behind a tree almost un der Blacky. It startled Blacky so that he let out a frightened "Caw! Caw!" and nearly turned a somer sault in the air. He caught him self just in time and flew to the top of the nearest pine tree, where he could look down and see all that was going on. Everything was just as Sammy h%d said. The stranger did wear "One thing about Sunday broad casting," says pious Prudence, "a husband can sleep through church services without embarrassing his wife and the minister." WNU Service. FIRST-AID TO AILING HOUSE ?y ROGER B. WHITMAN WOOD FLOORS ON CONCRETE f~\ NE very common complaint that I hear is the bulging and warping of wood floors that are laid on concrete floors in cellars. A cel lar floor is usually laid directly on the earth, and inevitably contains moisture. The surface may appear dry, but even so, there is a con tinuous passage of moisture through the floor and into the air of the cel lar. When anything is laid on the concrete, evaporation is prevented; moisture collects, and wood, lino leum, rugs or anything similar will suffer. A wood floor laid on con crete is particularly likely to rot. In absorbing moisture, wood swells and buckles. Any covering for a concrete cellar floor should be waterproof and of a material that will not rot. As phalt, either in the form of tiles or as a sheet, is satisfactory; for mois ture cannot injure it. Asphalt tiles can be had in many different colors, and form a most attractive floor. They are laid in asphalt cement, which is also used in laying asphalt in sheet form. When a wood floor is to be laid on concrete, one method is to cement it down with a layer of the same kind of asphalt cement; "mastic" is its usual name. This is becoming a very common method of laying a wood floor on concrete, and is a complete protection against rotting. Also, there is a pleasant springi ness to the floor. A less perfect method, but one that has many ad vantages, is to cover the concrete with sheets of heavy waterproof felt, with the edges overlapping. Two by-fours are put down on this, and the wood flooring laid on top. This may not give complete protection against rotting, but it is far better than to lay the wood directly on the concrete. C By Roger B. Whitman WNu Service. MOPSY wmi Servlc*. Dickens' Home b Museum The bouse where Charles Dickens lived in London more than 100 years ago, is now a museum, containing the most comprehensive Dicirena li brary in the world. THE PANCAKE By DOCGLAS MALLOCB LI E SAYS, when I bring "home a 1 1 hat. "Where in the world did jrou buy that?" "At So-and-So's, And goedness knows It's long enough since I have had one!" "The one you have is not a bad one. But that's O. K. But, anyway. Your friends will ask you, with that hat on. If it was made that way, or sat on." "Well, that's the very latest style They're wearing now, so you can smile." He says, "No doubt. Yes. laugh right out. What puzzles me, I can't see through it, Why do it just because they do it?" "Well, that's the thing In style this spring ? " "What I can't see. why spend good money For anything to just look funny?" We never do have spats Except on one thing, and thafa hats. You might as well Not try to tell A man why anything's good-looking. For all he thinks about is cooking. I'm mad tonight Enough ta fight. He said. "Ah, now I see the riddle: Is this the pancake, or the griddle?" e Douglas Mallorh. ? WNU Serrlc. a black fur coat, he was as big as Farmer Brown's boy, and he did have great feet and the biggest claws Blacky had ever seen. Blacky felt just as if he ought to peck himself to make sure that he was awake. Of course he knew he was, but he just couldn't make it seem ao. ^ Now. Blacky sometimes gets as excited as Sammy Jay, and this waa one of the times. He started back for the Green Meadow* as fast as he could fly, and all the way he was cawing at the top of his lungs. Sam my Jay heard him long before he saw him and Sammy grinned. "He found him!" thought Sammy. "Now he knows that I told the truth. My, but he sounds just as crazy as I ever did." And then as Blacky came in sight Sammy once more grew excited, too, and began to scream questions at the top of his lungs, until it was hard to say who was screaming the loudest, Sammy or his big cou sin, Blacky the Crow. C T. W. Buri ess.? WNU Ssrrlc*. THE LANGUAGE OF TOUR HAND 9 By Leicester K. Davis I Public Udftr. Inc Q CCASIONALLY one meets men " and women whose greatest mental zest is found in anything which holds an element of risk. Such seem to possess the gambler's instinct, in business as well as so cial life. Such persons are often successful despite the dangers which their natures court; but just as often they find themselves on the "losing end of the game." The Finger of Speculative Mentality Even the most casual survey of this type of fourth finger will im press you with the extreme length and crookedness which are its most pronounced characteristics. The length of this type is exaggerated by its leanness and the peculiar knottiness of the knuckles. The joints are set at decided angles, which gives the entire finger a dis torted appearance. This is most noticeable with the hand extended wide, when the entire finger falls far away from the third finger. The nail tip is long and pointed with an extremely long and sharply convexed nail, which is often cov ered with small ridges running the full depth of the nail. Under backward pressure the finger is found to be stiffly resilient You need have no hesitancy in placing the owner of such a fourth finger as on* who is at least a gambler at heart, and who enjoys nothing better than activities gov ; eraed largely by chanc?. WNU Strrict.