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THE. ALAMANCE GLEANER
Vol. LXIII GRAHAM, N. C., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1937 No. 30
IVeivs Review of Current Events
ATTACKS BRITISH ENVOY
Jap^viator Shoots Ambassador to China . . . Congress
Adjourns . . . Fails to Pass Most of 'Must' Legislation
of the 75th con
gress, happy in
last, file out of
the C/apitol in
S 22dwtuul W. JUicJaUul
SUMMARIZES THE WORLD'S WEEK
? Western Newspaper Union.
Jap Airman Courts Fate
A JAPANESE army aviator pre
** cipitated the gravest interna
tional Far East crisis since the
fighting began in Shanghai, and per
haps indeed since the Boxer rebel
lion, when he swooped down upon a
Chinese road to Ptyir machine gun
bullets into an automobile flying the
British Union Jack from its radia
One of the bullets pierced the
body of Sir Hughe Natchbull-Huges
sen, Great Britian's ambassador to
China, as he sped in the car to
attend a conference with British for
eign service officials. The ambas
sador, a veteran of 30 years in the
service, was' rushed 50 miles to
Country hospital where an operation
Sir Hughe was the highest rank
ing British official in China, where
Great Britain has enormous inter
ests at stake. He was attacked by
a Japanese airplane which did not
even have the right of a belligerent
? since no war had been declared ?
while his conveyance was flying the
British colors. The last comparable
incident in China was the Boxer
rebellion of 1900, when the German
Ambassador von Kettler was shot
and killed in Peiping.
Hooray! School Is Out!
PVEN if there were more than a
?*-' few threats of "Wait'll I get you
after school," the nation's lawmak
ers were happy as schoolboys at
the end of the term, as the first ses
sion of the Seventy-fifth congress
came to a close at last. The sena
tors and representatives, fairly
bogged down with months of wran
gling, much of it futile, through the
intolerable Washington summer,
were glad of release, even if such
release carried the implication that
there might be a special session in
But the legislators left the Capitol
in the realization that the session
just ended will probably become
known less for what it did than what
it did not do.
i'our out of five of fresiaeni
Roosevelt's major "must" meas
ures it did not pass; the fifth it
passed only with reservations which
put a new complexion upon it.
Congress did not pass the wages
and hours bill. After being passed
by the senate in unacceptable form,
with the understanding that it would
be improved in the house, the bill
was still buried with the house rules
committee when the bell rang.
Congress did not pass the new
crop control bill which includes Sec
retary Wallace's "ever-normal
granary" project. It was agreed
that this legislation be brought up
during the first week of the January
session or the special session.
It did not pass the President's de
sired legislation for re-organization
of the executive department. It did
vote the White House six new sec
It did not pass the proposal to
increase the membership of the Su
preme court by six justices, who
would apparently be selected with a
view to insuring the constitution
ality of New Deal measures. By a
vote of 70 to 20 it permitted a sub
stitute measure, which would have
added the justices one at a time,
to die a natural death in committee.
In addition to failing to enact this
legislation demanded by the chief
executive, congress defeated the
Norris bill to create seven "little
TVA's," and the crop insurance
bill, proposing a revolving fund of
$100,000,000. The senate failed to
ratify the sanitary convention with
Argentina, modifying the restric
tions on imports of meat and lire
However, congress did:
Pass the Wagner low-cost housing
bill, but with restrictions on the unit
cost which will, it is charged, make
the program virtually unavailable
for New York and other large cities
which constitute the principal slum
problems. The $526,000,000 measure
was on the President's "must" list.
Pass a sugar quota which may be
vetoed by the President. He threat
ened to veto such a bill it it limited
the output of Puerto Rico and Ha
waii to 126,000 and 29,000-?hort tons
annually, and it does just that.
Extend the neutrality law to pro
hibit the shipment of arms, am
munition and implements of war to
belligerents or extension of credit to
Pass the Guffey act, creating a
commission to fix prices and control
the marketing of bituminous coal.
Appropriate $1,500,000,000 for
work relief in the current fiscal
Pass a bill to outlaw personal
holding companies and other al
leged means of tax evasion.
Passed a reform bill for the lower
courts, designed to speed appeals to
the Supreme court and permit the
Department of Justice to intervene
in cases involving the constitution
ality of a statute.
Ratified the Buenos Aires "peace
treaties," which include a consulta
tive pact for common course of ac
tion when war anywhere threatens
the American republics.
Extended the CCC three years.
The President had asked that it be
Passed a farm tenancy bill to
help share croppers.
Railroad Strike Threatens
A NLY successful mediation by
^ the United States government
appeared as a chance to prevent a
nation-wide strike of 350,000 railroad
workers as railroad representatives
flatly refused the 20 per cent pay in
crease demanded by the "big five"
railroad brotherhoods in Chicago
Federal mediation would auto
matically postpone the strike 30
days. The national mediation board
named Dr. William M. Leiserson,
one of its members, to conduct hear
Planes Land Without Eyes
AT OAKLAND, CALIF., civilian
and army fliers proved that air
transport planes can now be landed
under conditions which prevent the
pilot from gaining the slightest
glimpse of the ground. Using only
a radio beam ? for "eyes," pilots
made 100 perfect "blind" landings
at the airport there with a Boeing
247-D plane, of the type now used on
several of the nation's commercial
The cockpit windows were cov
ered with metal screens to prevent
their sneaking so much as a peek
at the field. Many pilots flew the
ship and, although some of them
had never operated that type of
plane before, not a single landing
was made outside the 200-foot run
So successful were the tests, the
bureau of air commerce, army,
navy and commercial airlines rep
resentatives present agreed that the
system would be adopted for the
country as a whole.
Andrew W. Mellon Is Dead
ANDREW W. MELLON, reputed
ly one of the four richest men
in the United States and secretary
of the treasury in three cabinets,
died of uremia and bronchial pneu
monia at the home of his son-in-law
at Southampton, N. Y. He was
eighty-two year* old.
Japanese Turn Tide
CUCCEEDING in landing thou
sands of reinforcements from its
transport ships, the Japanese ap
peared ready to turn the tide of
ground battle in the undeclared war
in China, while their navy threw a
blockade around 800 miles of the
Chinese seacoast from Shanghai
nearly to Canton, in South China.
Only at terrific cost were the re
inforcements getting ashore. Many
entire landing parties were blown to
bits as they attempted to take shore
positions under a blaze of machine
gun fire and in the face of artil
lery shells and land mine explo
More than a quarter of a million
men were reported engaged in the
fighting along a front stretching
from Shanghai northwestward to
Tientsin, Peiping, Nankow and
Changpei, deep in Chahar province
and north to the Great Wall.
At the northern end of the front
the pro- Japanese Mongol troops of
Prince Teh battled combined Chi
nese regular and communist
armies. Japanese reported the cap
ture of Kalgan, capital., of Chahar,
shutting off Chinese communication
with Mongolia, while the routed Chi
nese troops fled to the south. Jap
anese forces broke through the stub
born Chinese defenses at Nankow
pass and penetrated the Great Wall.
They were reported to have suc
ceeded in escaping narrowly a stra
tegic Chinese maneuver which would
have trapped 30,000 Japanese troops
south and west of Peiping. Chinese
positions south of Peiping were dom
inated by the well-equipped, well
trained and mechanized Japanese
army, which captured the com
manding high land.
But despite all this activity to the
north it was upon Shanghai that
the full horror of the war descended.
The international settlement was lit
tle safer than any of the rest of
the great port, except, perhaps, the
native district of Chapei, which was
gutted by flames and torn by bombs
and shells. After two weeks of fight
ing in Shanghai, there were report
ed to be 5,160 casualties in the in
ternational settlement and the
French concession, including 1,760
Guffey's Unholy Three
OINCE the fight on the President's
^ court plan began in the senate, it
has become more and more obvious
that a serious split impends in the
Democratic party ranks. It was
not a secret that certain of the sena
tors and representatives were
marked for extinction, fish fries and
harmony dinners notwithstanding.
But few expected the bombshell
that broke when Sen. Joseph F. Guf
fey of Pennsylvania, in a radio
speech just before the end of the
session, openly named Senators O'
Mahoney of Texas, Burke of 'Ne
braska and Wheeler of Montana as
senators who would not return to
Washington after the next elections.
Burke summed up reply of the
three men attacked when he said
that if Guffey's statement were true
"we might just as well forget about
Jefferson Island and harmony din
ners and get ready for a real bat
Admiral Yarnell Protest!
UNCLE SAM was brought nearer
than ever to the unofficial war
in North China when a~ shell ex
ploded on the deck of the Augusta,
flagship of the United States' Asi
atic fleet, killing Freddie John Fal
gout, a seaman, and wounding 18
others of the crew. The ship was
lying at anchor in the Whangpoo riv
er in the heart of the International
Settlement of Shanghai. It was im
possible to determine whether the
shell had been flred by the Chinese
Admiral Harry E. Yarnell, com
mander of the fleet, warned the gov
ernments of both nations against
shellflre over American and foreign
warships. The President and the
State department werq inclined to
leave diplomatic overtures to the
military, naval and diplomatic offi
cers in China.
Santander Falls to Franco
SPAIN'S thirteen-month-old civil
war drew one step nearer to a
close as Gen. Francisco Franco's
army captured the city of Santan
der, last important government out
post on the northern coast. As the
insurgent troops filed in to occupy
the city, it was apparent that the re
maining government army of 50,000
men was trapped in the hills south
east of the city in an area IS miles
During the last of tfee twelve days
of Franco's furious thrusts, the
city's streets had run red with the
blood of anarchists' victims, as
thirst, hunger and terrorism crazed
the populace. By the thousands,
civilians were fleeing by sea? the
only way ? to France. Every avail
able craft was put into service; hun
dreds even attempted a getaway in
rowboats, canoes, dories and other
small craft, some of them using im
provised sails made from sheets.
Making Giants for the Brussels " Kermesse "
THESE weird looking "Northern
Giants" were made for the
Brussels Kermesse that was pre
sented in the Belgian pavilion at
the exposition in Paris, France.
Bedtime Story for Children
By THORNTON W. BURGESS
SAMMY AND BLACKY BOTH
TALK AT ONCE
Two tongues at once are one too many.
And better 'twere there were not any.
HICH means that when two
people try to talk at the same
time it is very unpleasant for them
selves and even more unpleasant
for others who may have to listen
to them. When Blacky the Crow
came flying out from deep in the
Green Forest so excited that he
was cawing at the top of his voice
Sammy Jay had at once flown to
meet him. Now, Sammy was just
as excited, and he was screaming
at the top of his lungs. You see,
1 Or Course, All the Little People
Within Hearing Hurried Over to
Find Out What It All Meant.
he knew that Blacky had found the
stranger who had so excited him.
Now perhaps the little people of the
Green Forest and the Green Mead
ows would believe him and no long
er think him crazy.
But they didn't! No. sir, they
didn't! Instead they thought that
Blacky the Crow had gone crazy,
The champion to end all baby nic
otine champions ? presenting Miss
Patricia Benefield of Atlanta, Ga.,
who puffs away heartily at pipe or
cigar at' the tender age of six
months. She is shown with her fa
ther, enjoying an after - dinner
smoke, while he perforce smokes a
cigar since the young lady haa ap
propriated his favorite pipe.
too. Never was there heard a worse
racket than Sammy and Blacky
made as they each tried to talk
louder and faster than the other.
Neither was listening to what the
other was saying, which in itself
was very impolite, even if they
were cousins. Worse still, each kept
interrupting the other, and, you
know, there is nothing more impo
lite than to interrupt when another
is speaking. But neither seemed
to mind in the least. Each kept
right on talking and growing more
and more excited.
Of course, all the little people
within hearing hurried over to find
out what it all meant. But they
couldn't understand at all what
Sammy and Blacky were talking
about. You see, Sammy and Blacky
interrupted each other so often that
all that those who were listening
could make out was that there was
a great big stranger in the Green
Forest, a stranger who wore black
fur and was as big as Farmer
Brown's boy. Now, none of the lit
tle people knew of any one as big
as Farmer Brown's boy unless it
was another boy or a man. But
Sammy and Blacky said that the
stranger was not a man. So all their
neighbors shook their heads sadly
and said: "They're crazy," and
then again shook their heads sadly.
"Too bad," said Jimmy Skunk.
"I always thought Blacky was
smart, very smart, but there cer
tainly is something the matter with
"Yes, sah, there certainly is,"
said Unc' Billy Possum. "Some
thing's wrong with both Br'er Jay
and Br'er Crow. They're foolish in
"Do you suppose it's catching?"
asked Bobby Coon. "You know,
Sammy Jay had it first and now
Blacky has it."
"What's all this fuss about?" de
manded a new voice. It was Peter
Rabbit's. He was all out of breath,
he had hurried so. You see, he
had been way up in the Old Or
chard, when he heard the scream
ing of Sammy and Blacky and he
had started right away, for, you
know, Peter would feel dreadful to
miss anything that was going on.
"Nothing, only Blacky the Crow
is just as crazy as his cousin, Sam
my Jay," replied Jimmy Skunk.
"Blacky says he has seen the same
stranger in the Green Forest that
upset Sammy so. Just listen to
those two, birds! Did you ever
hear anything like it? I'm going
home." With that Jimmy Skunk
turned his back in disgust and start
ed up the Crooked Little Path that
comes down the hill.
Bobby Coon and Unc' Billy Pos
sum started for their homes, and
Danny Meadow MouSe began to fun
along one of his little paths to get
as far as possible from such a
noise. But Peter Rabbit suddenly
sat up nrtth his eyes popping right
out of his head. He had just re
membered the strange tracks he
had seen in the snow deep in the
Green Forest just at the end of
winter. Could it be that they were
made by the stranger who had so
excited Sammy Jay and Blacky the
? T. W. Burgess. ? WNU Servlc*.
THE LANGUAGE .
OF TOUR HAND f
? By Leicester K. Davia
? Public L?dc?r. lac
The, finger of
""THERE are a surprising number
of people in this world who have
far better than averave mental
equipment and yet have difficulty in
getting anywhere simply because
they haven't the concentration es
sential to completed accomplish
Such Individuals, unfortunately,
are always conceiving really bril
liant ideas which are practical in
every way. But, somehow or other,
they are able to carry them just so
far* and no farther. Indications of
this deficiency are always found in
the fourth finger and its telltale
The Ffoger of (testable Mentality.
Several distinct characteristic*
mark the fourth finger of this type:
(1) Shortness, (J) straightnesa, (J)
fullness, (4) pronounced taper. Such
a finger is usually well but not over
fleshed. The points are smooth,
combining with the taper to give
the Anger a somewhat peglike ap
pearance. The nail tip is gracefully
rounded, with full oval nail, sym
With fingers pressed together the
tip is found usually falling midway
of the length of the third finger.
With hand extended wide the finger
stands far away from the third
finger. Under backward pressure
the entire finger is found to be over
By Roger B. Whitman
HpHE last few years have seen
* great changes in paints, and
particularly in enamel and varnish.
Formerly, enamel and varnish re
quired many hours, and even sev
eral days, -for drying. Now they
dry hard in four hours or so. More
than this, they are harder and far
more resistant to heat, moisture,
and chipping than the older types.
Paints of many kinds are also quick
drying. There is, of course, a very
great advantage in this. Ten years
ago repainting might put a room
out of commission for a week; to
day, walls and woodwork can be
completely refinished between
breakfast and dinnertime.
These quick drying finishes are
*o easily applied that they are coon
By DOUGLAS MALLOCH
*T~ WO-FISTED men have gone _
Unwanted in this softer day.
But what I'd like to see again
At least is some two-footed men.
For many men I come across
Have one foot that's a total loss.
For many men each day I've seen
Who stand upon one foot and lean.
Some seek to lean upon a "class"
To bring "equality" to pass.
Some lean upon the promises
Of Townsend talking through his
Some lean upon the President,
Some lean upon the "gover'ment,"
Although they own the whole ma
And tax one foot so one can lean.
Yet all the men who have pulled
Stood not one foot but on two.
Not one success I ever saw
Leaned on some bureau or some
That's why I claim we need again
A nation of two-footed men.
(That's not the worst that I have
For some, alas, sit down and lean.)
e Douglas M alloc h. ? WNU Serrlcc.
ing into very common use. For ex
ample, take the refinishing of a set
of kitchen furniture. The first step
is washing with soapsuds containing
a little ammonia or washing soda
to take off all traces of grease, fol
lowed by rinsing with clear water.
When the furniture has dried, any
glossiness of the old finish should be
dulled by rubbing with sandpaper.
This will also smooth the edges of
chipped places and of cracks. One
coat of enamel is usually all that is
needed for complete refinishing, to
be followed, if needed, by touches
of a contrasting color when the first
coat is thoroughly dry.
In painting chairs, they should be
turned upside down, and the legs
finished first, the under parts of a
table are also finished more easily
when the table is turned upside
For a good job. the mixture in the
can should be thoroughly blended
before using. With a small stick or
a putty knife, the solid mass that
has settled to the bottom of the can
should be stirred into the liquid, so
that the whole comes to an even
consistency. I think that more
troubles with painting come from
improper mixing than from almost
anything else. The floor should be
covered with newspapers to catch
spatters. The enamel or other finish
should be brushed out with a few
quick strokes to spread it evenly,
and to prevent the forming of "runs"
and of drops.
When work is interrupted for a
few hours or overnight, the can
should be tightly closed to prevent
the contents from drying and the
formation of a skin on top. The
brush should be wiped off, rinsed in
turpentine, wiped again and
wrapped in waxed paper. Other
wise it will harden. ?
C By Roger B. Whitman
Tucks for the Coed
Tucks, tucks, tucks! There are 85
of them, to be exact, in this simple,
fine-cutting dress of Stroock's wool
en. It is just the thing for the col
lege girl to wear, from her first
class right through to the afternoon
date at the campus tea room.