The Alamance gleaner. (Graham, Alamance County, N.C.) 1875-1963, December 20, 1945, Image 1
The Alamance Gleaner 1 -m fjS9 ??L LXXI GRAHAM, N. C., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1945 NO. 46 WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS Resume Wage T alks After T ruman Bid for Anti-Strike Legislation; Prize Steer Brings $10 Per Lb. ___________ Released by Western Newspaper Union. (RJillOai NOTE: When eplalens are expressed Is these eelamas, they are these ef ?Mmb Newspaper Union's news analysts and net necessarily ef this newspaper.) U.S. DIPLOMACY: Charge t Double-Deeding In aae of the most boisterous con piaisal hearings of recent years, wRy. sdver-haired Maj. Gen. Pat sick Hmiey ripped into the state department career men for their al leged mterference with his efforts to mMj China and establish it as a haaa far far eastern political stabil *r AHernatelj calm and heated, Hur hy, recently resigned as ambassa dor la Chungking, told the sen ade hreign relations committee that dmiaf his discussions with Chinese camanarists he concluded that cer lam stale department officials had ?aerhrad the Reds that his policy fcr unifying the country under CUag Kai-shek would be scrapped, indeed. the officials were said to have declared that the U. S. would sack Is stabilize Asia with a con haded Japanese empire. la hitting at the career men, Hur ky charged that they sided with im perialist Great Britain, France and the Netherlands for keeping the orient divided to permit the con vened exploitation of the subject people. ? . ; k alleging underhanded state department workings, Hurley stated ?ml war plans drawn up for the Big Sheae meet at Yalta and favoring the distribution of Allied arms to Oteeae Reds if they were within Mmj. Gen. Patrick Hurley tat area of proposed American land fats, were communicated to the communists. As a result, the Reds ?md en masse toward the pros pective beaches in an effort to se cure the arms ahead of Chiang's na tionalists. Mentioning George Atcheson Jr., and John S. Service as two of the career men working against his maification plan in Chungking, Hur ley said they returned to the U. S. to be promoted as his superiors. LABOR: Truman Scare Because President Truman's pro posal for the creation of fact-finding machinery to speed settlement of todnstria! strife was reported to bare thrown a scare into both capi tal aad labor, General Motors and toe dO*s United Automobile Work eta agreed to a resumption of negotiations over the union's de mands for a 30 per cent wage in At the same time, expert observ ers looked to settlement of wage <io|Qili ii involving two other major CIO organizations, the United Steel Washers against U. S. Steel corpor aboa and the Electrical Workers against Westinghouse, General Elec tric aad other corporations in this Decision of G. M. and UAW to si sauii bargaining reportedly fol bsed a secret meeting between assvaaj and union officials in nilaliuigh. Pa., in which the danger ad toe President's proposal to free nagsfialhn was said to have been AksbkL Under Mr. Truman's re paest lor congressional authority to aat 9 fact-finding machinery, gov enwaewt representatives would be eafsecred to look into both com pany and mion books to determine enHity ef rival claims and strike action would be withheld during the Advanced after failure ef the lAar ? management conference in Waatatoptan, D. C? to establish me chantono for speedy settlement of Mnrtrial warfare, the President's pnpaaal drew quick Are from mton t in lei, the CIO announcing dpma steps would be taken in an eflert to divert the requested to rpanly breaking with the Dem aaaatfc administration on the pro posed maaanre, aO Chieftain Philip ptonr dartsrsd the design of such legislation was to weaken and de stroy labor organisation while Ap peasing American industry which has refused to bargain sincerely over wage demands. PEARL HARBOR: Prepared: Marshall Declaring that American military forces in Hawaii were more ade quately equipped -than at any other installation in the army, Gen. George C. Marshall, former U. S. chief of staff, told the congressional commit tee investigating the Pearl Harhor disaster that he felt Maj. Gen. Wal ter Short was prepared to meet a surprise attack on quick notice. Reflecting general military opin ion, however, Marshall testified that he did not expect a Japanese at tack on the big base, even though both the army and navy were aware that enemy spies there were for warding information on fleet move ments in Pearl Harbor to Tokyo. A conservative Japanese thrust southward to Thailand and Malaya was anticipated, Marshall related. Acknowledging receipt of Short's reply to Marshall warning of pos sible hostilities sent on November 27, the ex-chief of staff said special attention was not called to the fact that the Hawaiian commander had only reported alerting his forces against sabotage without mention ing other preparations. Regarding U. S., British, Dutch and Canadian pre-Pearl Harbor discussions, Marshall said their purpose primarily concerned the de feat of Germany rather than Japan. In a message to President Roose-' velt sometime in the summer of 1941, the former chief of staff opined that the Allies could not defeat the Nazis with supplies alone, but large ground forces would be required. Jap Chief Faces Death First major axis personaga to be con victed of war crimest Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita's life depended on a U. S. Supreme court disposition of his appeal that the military commission trying him lacked authority, and finally upon Gen. Douglas Mac Arthur if the high American tribunal denied his petition. Though Yamashita was not directly charged with committing atroci ties, he was accused of having counte nanced themi With typical Japanese humility in defeat, Yamashita thanked the U. S. for supplying him with ubril liant and conscientious" lawyers for his trial, and also praised the fairness of the hearings. FAT STOCK: Record Sale Grand champion of the Chicago Market Fat Stock show, Tomahawk, sleek Shorthorn steer raised by Carl A. Henkel of Mason City, Iowa, and Joseph Ouea of Belmond, Iowa, brought the highest price ever paid for a steer when it was auctioned off to John R. Thompson, Chicago restaurateur, for $11,100. Sired from a Shorthorn bull bred by Chicago Packer Thomas E. Wil son, Tomahawk scaled 1,100 pounds, bringing the owners' return to $10 a pound, $1.15 less than the all-time top per pound paid to the Eastern States exposition champion of 915 nnitnHa in 1090 Tni?nKntulr,? hti?*A return justified the confidence of its owners, who turned down a $500 bid for the steer 17 months ago. High prices prevailed for stock champions, Karl Hoffman, veteran Hereford breeder of Ida Grove, Iowa, receiving $30,660 for his grand prize carload of 15 steers averaging 1,022 pounds, and George E. Hoffman and his son, George Jr. of Ida Grove, Iowa, obtaining $1,742 for the top carload of 26 Berkshire hogs aver aging 268 pounds. Honor 4-H Climax to the whirlwind 4-H con gress held in Chicago, 111., 151 dele gates received approximately $32, 000 in awards at the annual banquet staged In the Stevens hotel. Of the total, $17,200 was paid In scholar ships mostly of $200 denominations while $14,600 was disbursed in trav elling expenses and $900 in victory bonds . Of five-day duration, the 24th an nual 4-H convention proved a field day for the 1.200 delegates in at tendance, 80 per cent of whom had never been outside their home states or stopped at a hotel, and 50 per cent of whom had enjoyed their first train ride in coming to the meet. Stressing the need for individual progress and enterprise to assure survival. Secretary of Agriculture Anderson told 4-H delegates that 50 per cent of the youth living on farms win have to seek other occu pations due to increasing efficiency FARM PROBLEM: CED Solutions Broader vocational training, spe cial types of rural employment services and an accelerated shift of manufacturing into country areas would materially assist in the in creased use of surplus farm labor in industry end help solve one of the primary problems of agricul ture, the Committee for Economic Development declared in a state ment released by Chester Davis, CED vice chairman ' and presi dent of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. With agriculture destined to look more and more to the co-operative effort of government for assistance in resolving problems arising from heavy mechanized production and pressure on commodity prices, the CED foresaw a need for three types of federal payments within the near future: (1) to enable farmers in de pressed regions like the cotton belt to shift to other crops or occupa tions; (2) to compensate operators for the effect of severe industrial depressions, and (3) to permit reali zation of the government pledge to support farm prices for two years after the war. In reference to long-range price policy, CED asked for re-examina tion of the whole cost system, be ginning with a redefinition of parity in relation to existing conditions. GOP: Map Platform Making no bones about their conservatism. Republican members of congress drawing up a campaign platform _ for 1943 called for bal ancing the budget, economy and re duction of bureaucracy and repre sented themselves as the counter weight to what they styled Demo cratic radicalism. In rounding out their domestic platform, the GOP solons backed collective bargaining with govern ment provision for speeding settle ment of disputes, and also stood for government support of farm prices in the readjustment period and agri culture's future fair share of the na tional income. In foreign affairs, the Republicans favored the United Nations organi zation, the right of individual na tions to self-government and exten sion of relief to the needy in war torn lands abroad to prevent chaos and misery. Advocating a well trained armed force, the GOP also asked for scientific research to as sure the most modern weapons. Cocky Hermann Now heading the list of tM top Nails being tried for war crime* in I Nuernberg, Hermann Gearing found diversion in palmier dags playing with animals tram Ida mini ature too at Karin Hall estate. Blandly assuming responsibility far all ef his olBeial sets and eon tinning to swear by national socialism, ] Goering has been the most aggres shre of the Hltlerian big-wigs at the trial, now in Its second phase with British prosecution of principals on charges they violated International treaties. BRITISH LOAN: Trade Help In what the British termed "a magna carta for world trade," the Truman administration replied to their appeal for a loan to permit an orderly resumption of their for eign commerce by agreeing to an advance of 4.4 billion dollars subject to congressional approval. Flatly turning down British pro posals for an outright grant on the strength of arguments that their early stand had prevented a Nazi victory, the administration agreed to spread the loan over a 50-year pe riod at a 3 per cent interest rate, first payable in 1961. As a result of the loan, Britain will be able to pay off wartime debts by shipment of finished goods to creditor nations, while still Importing material to maintain an adequate living standard. The two countries also pledged to week for a reduction hi tariffs and the elimina tion of quotas and other restrictions en world trade. The Big City: The iron coughing of trolley* as they rumble from corner to corner. . . . New York servicemen (just back from overseas) strolling- along Bright Light Lane and warming their spirits over familiar sights. . . . The sunrise festival of vivid hues celebrating the birth of a new day. . . . Broadway's visual poetry punctuated by skyscraper exclama tion points. . . . Hot-dawg addicts gulping the delicacy as if it was the last h. d. on earth. . . . The numbing surgery of a comely wait ress' sharp glare cutting off a Ro meo's spiel. . . . Cabbies bullying their way through traffic. ... A beanery with a caviar tag: Rendez vous de Leon. . . . Film box-offices growing tails of waiting patrons blocks long. . . . Shadows scribbling grotesque murals across the street The furry waves of mink-coated first-nighters drowning a theater in luxury. . . . Side-street hotels bruised with age, where misery goes to find company. . . . Vain Stem thespians basking in the spot light of their bragging tongues. . . . Weary night-workers squatting on the masses' throne?a subway seat Their cob-webbed orbs peer at each other as if they weren't there. . . . The well-heeled set pulling them selves up by their own booty. . . . Salesgals tucking the frayed edges of their patience under a smile and pinning it with a dimple. . . . The rainbow glint of jewelry on a Money Lisa. Her diamonds are campaign stars for boudoir battles. ... A deep, blue-eyed noon sky twinkling with sunshine, scarcely noticed by lunch-hourites. Morning stripping the Big Alley of its sparkling fig leaves, while the sun exposes is nude ugliness. . . . Shooting galleries recruiting custo mers by playing martial music. . . . Dusk prowling about the horizon as The Street puts on its mazda apron' and goes to work impressing pass ersby. . . . Professional mendicants who are skilled window-dressers of j their sympathy display. . . . Five ayem, when Broadway's raucous roar subsides into a comforting purr. . . . The Saturday evening ju-1 bilee spree, when Neon Valley is packed to the brim with humanity attempting to smuggle a little amusement into their harried lives. . . . Midtown's paralytic traffic snalling its way forward. . . . Tin Pan Alley's jittery tempo striking up an overture for songwriters' in somnia. Midtown Vignette: George Mann reports about the kindly gentleman on a park bench, who was break ing bread crumbs (or the pigeons. One pigeon fluttered down on the old man's knee to peck at crumbs that had (alien there. . . . "Do you I like these crumbs better than pop corn?" asked the kindly old (ellow. | . . . The pigeon cocked his head up at him and then resumed eating. "WelC continued the old man, "here it is nearly December. I sup- j pose you birds will be leaving ma soon (or the Southland." . . . Again ; the pigeon looked up?said nothing i and went on eating. . . . The old man got irritated and yelled: "Whatinell's the matter with you? Are you too good to talk to me?" . . . This time the pigeon didn't even look up but went on eating. ... "How do you like that?" asked the old gentleman shaking his head. "A deaf and dumb pigeon!" Sounds in the Night: In the Metro pole: "Waiter, bring me a skirtcb and soda." ... At Endure: "She! stays out until the woo hours at the morning." ... At Armando's: "They've Just been divorced. She i got custody at his money." ... At the Henry Hudson Terrace: "He's a heeluva guy." ... At Lum Fong's: , "She used to be his heartache. Mow she's just his earache." ... In the Stork Club: "Mayor LaGuardia will be the first guy in show business, who knows enough about horses not to bet on them." ... At the Cha teaubriand: "Ob, well, here's mud in your mind." Manhattan Murals: Placard in an E. Mth St. candy store window: "Welcome Home, Tony, You Phony!" . . . The 98c packages ot Jap souvenir invasion money sold at newsstands in Penn depot. . . . j Jimmy's Sawdust Trail where the covet charge is ten cants. . . . The "No Dogs Alowed" sign outside the Pea Circus on 42nd Street . . . The tiny restaurant near Toots Shor's on W. 81st 8treet, which advertises: "Lunch 88c?Positively No Celebri-; ties!" . . . One ad agency is so, snooty it won't hire any office boy "below the rai* et Lteut-Colooel."1 "This Is Our * * A A ? 140"?* \ FASCINATING CONTRASTS I j By Edward Emerine, WNU Feature*. "p HE mellowness of the old, the *? bustle of tha new, tha promise of the future. That is Alabama. The stately ancestral mansions still remain but coal and iron mines nearby now teem with human activ ity. A forest of virgin timber may surround a forest of active smoke stacks. The easy-going crossroads general store is not far from a mod ern highway or an airport. A great oak which sheltered Fernando De Soto holds its hoary moss over a laboratory where chemical magic is performed. Here is a hall where once swirled crinolines beneath thousand-candled chandeliers, and down the same street is a modern office building where business af fairs are discussed. That's versatile, gracious Alabama. The word "Alabama" in the Mus kegean Indian tongue literally means "vegetation gatherers," or "thicket clearers." And well the word may, for Alabama's 200 types of soil grow mora than 4,400 species of trees and plants as well as most of the agricultural products known to the temperate zaoel Average annual rainfall is 53.87 inches, while the average annual temperature ranges from 80 degrees F. in the northern part of the state to 87 degrees F. near the coast. The growing season ranges from 190 days in the north ern part to 300 days on the southern coast. Cheaha mountain, the state's high est point, is 2,407 feet above sea level. Alabama stretches 336 miles from the Appalachian mountains to the Gulf of Mexico. Not only is Alabama the land of corn and cotton. It also grows pea nuts, hay and oats, truck crops and fruits, and in many sections has specialties such as water cress, gladioli and peonies, as well as its famed azaleas and camelia japoni cas. There are many commercial nurseries. In 1944, there were 1,259,000 head of cattle in the state, both beef and dairy type. Alabama has over a mil lion head of hogs and 17,000,000 chickens. (Southern-friedT Yes, lots of 'emI) Alabama leads the nation in the shipment of live bees and queens. Beneath the rich top soil, too, Ala bama has great wealth. Its mines produce coal, iron ore, flake graph tie, and clay and shale (or brick making. It has sandstone and marble (or building, bauxite as a source (or aluminum, quartzite and rock as phalt Five oil wells are now pro ducing in Choctaw county. In industry, the state has lumber, shipbuilding, textiles, mines, ce ment pipe plants, chemicals, steel, aluminum, hydroelectric plants and dozens ot others which use by-prod ucts and (arm products in manufac turing and processing. The annual value of products manufactured in Alabama is more than twice the value ot all (arm products. Large industries using the itate's natural resources have been successfully operating over long pe riods ot years. The largest manufac turer ot cotton ginning machinery in the world began its work in Ala bama 136 years ago in Prattville. Large textile mills have operated 100 years. The iron and steel industry Is con centrated In the Birmingham dis trict. Necessary coal and ore an readily available tor the manufac ture ot iron and steal. Alabama'* state government has been streamlined. The state treas ury holds a surplus of 40 million dollars. Its industries are expand ing. Agriculture is prosperous. Na tural resources are being conserved and wisely utilized. Rich by na ture, Alabama is made richer by man's skill and intelligence. Ala bamans travel toward new horizons. But they do not forget their heri tage of the peat. DeSoto and hie Spaniard* passed through the lower Gulf country in 1540. Once a part of Louisiana, it was old Fort Louis de la Mobile on Mobile river that was made the capital in 1702. Mobile at its present site dates from 1711. Later Alabama was a part of the territory of Mis sissippi, formed In 1796, but be came a separate territory in 1817 and a state in 1619. St. Stephens was the territorial capital, and Hunts villa was the temporary seat of the first state government Ca hawba was the first state capital site, but the government moved to Tuscaloosa in 1816. It was not until 1847 that Montgomery became the permanent seat When Alabama seceded from the Union on January 11, 1861, the dele gates from the southern states met at Montgomery and eelactad Jeffer son Davis as president of the Con federacy. He was inaugurated at the present state capttaL ^Alabama^ pa^ ^throu^ the Civil war, but emerged into a nMr era of development which continue* . steadily. With a temperate climate, fertile soil and raw materials, the possibilities for advancement end progress are portrayed vividly against the mellowness of the old South down in Alabama, where peo ple are proud to say: "This is o*r homeland." GOVERNOR CHACNCEY SPARKS DmM [mnw la 1MB, Cte. <*J Sparta, a liiMa, waa a ^ r?MN'JE& o A j Tl J ) ALABAMA?Cotton State. V J i STATE FLOWER: Goldearod. tftjj/ MOTTO: We Due Defend Oar INDIAN MOUNDS, WATERFALLS Alabama'! food highways aad an ? 7oar - 'round climate briaf ?eenie point* close to tbooo who live la the cities. A bore pic tare shows the highest of the many Indian monads found la the state. On the rifht Is owe of the state's famous waterfalls. With a rich historical background. Alabama has hundreds of old mansions aad other spots for tonrtsts to visit. The Alabama Memorial balldinj is a treaaare house of documents, pictures aad relies oi the stirring days of '<1 aad other periods of the state's history. Every town retains Its historical interest. Is sharp contrast to virgin forests and waterfalls are the smokestacks of Alabama's industrial plaats, the bus] Ufa of its cities aad its many airports.