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Mm American Women Receive
C?p Fire Girls Silver Medal
New YORK CITY.?Nine American women who have given
outstanding service in the field of girl guidance have been awarded
silver medals, it has been announced by Miss Martha F. Allen, na
tional executive of Camp Fire Girls, Inc.
?i????????-A XN _ A a m a
TEXAN . . . Mri. Eunice LeBUne
of Baaswaaf. Texas, winner of a
silver medal, given for outstand
ing service in the field of girl
EDGEWATER. COLO. ? "Red"
Schaeflcv's face is really r-e-dl A
seasoned village blacksmith in
Golden, and a former bronco bust
er, Red doesn't know yet how it
"I have a horse I want shod," a
woman telephoned him. "He's 33
years otrt?k Shetland pony."
' Schaeller went obt and did the
Job. A few days pasSed and Red
began complaining about a pain in
his chest. The doctor took a look
at him and pronounced it a broken
Red Anally admitted that the old
Shetland pony did "press his foot"
against Red's chest during the
Tung Orchards Are
New South Industry
TALLAHASSEE. FLA.?Tung on.
Car thwsndr of years an Oriental
ntnnnpnly and closely guarded se
coet is -back from war and ready
ta Mid its magic qualities to peace
time uses. Known as "Chinawood
oil" in the paint and varnish indus
try, which takes most of the U. S.
tung production, this magic fluid
is rapidly finding new uses in In
dustry and agriculture.
Groom in a belt along the coast
of the Gulf of Mexico from Gaines
ville, Fla, through Georgia, Ala
bama, Louisiana and Mississippi,
tung orchards are an early indi
cation ot appng. .Tbair flve-petaled,
pink and white blossoms have come
to mean to the upper Florida penin
aula what the orange blossom
meaaa to central Florida.
Marshall Ballard Jr., secretary
at the American Tung Oil asso
ciation, says that "to the south
ern American farmer, large or
small, tung oil today offers a splen
did opportunity for a good cash
ueierminea irom annual reporta
aubmitted to national headquarters
In New York City, the awarda thla
year, as in previous years, are based
on the Important contributions
made by women volunteers in plan
ning all-around programs (or their
Camp Fire groups.
The organisation's silver med
al, which bears the Camp Fire
emblem of crossed logs and
flame, was awarded to Mrs. Ed
ward Shepter, Baltimore, Md.;
Mrs. Helen A. Davis, St. Augus
tine, Fla.; Mrs. Eunice Le
Blane, Beaumont, Tezaa; Mrs.
Howard Wood. Berkeley, Calif.;
Mrs. Grace Hawkins, Spokane,
Wash.; Mrs. Alma Hastings,
Overland Park, Kan.; Mrs. Or
ville Hanson, Hawley, Minn.;
and Mrs. Alveda Hocker, Misha
The winners, who represent a
cross-section of American woman
hood, devoted themselves whole
heartedly to providing for the lei
sure time needs of Camp Fire girls,
even though they themselves had
their own families and household
responsibilities to care for. In ad
dition to planning health and char
acter-building programs for their
groups, they also aided the many
social, welfare and health agencies
with which Camp Fire co-operates.
During the war the volunteers di
rected their Camp Fire groups in
many patriotic activities, which in
cluded selling war bonds, collecting
canned foods and clothing for
UNRRA, assisting in the ."March of
Dimes" campaign, and "adopting"
CALIFORNIAN . . . Mri. Ber
nice Wood, Berkeley. Calif., boa- .
ored by the Camp Fire Girls for
outstanding service. She was a
member of the AWVS for four
Horse, 51, Dlos
MELBOURNE. AUSTRALIA ?
Nigger, acclaimed recently as the
oldest working horse in the world,
died here at the age of 51. Owned
by John Croker of Footeray, Nig
ger died in the harness. He was
still doing light work, but was too
old and slow to get out of the way
of a bus.
MAIDEN ROCK . . . ChUdheirt, the Indian (trl, .till looks seross tbo
nUej, awatttnf tbo return of Rod Hand, her warrior lerer. bear
Maiden Rock Marks Indian Girl's Vipil
Maiden Rock atonrta at the ei>
Imm to Bridsee's canyon in Moo
Una, and legend is that it is Child
heart, the Indian maiden, swatting
the return at Red Hand, her war
Enemies attacked the Indian band
led by Childheart's father, who was
an Indian chief, killing many and
itrlrlng off Childheart's favorite
he ran Bad Hand swore to avenge
Aftta'daqv at waiting, an of the
warriors returned except Red Rand.
"He eras last seen chasing an In
dian over a hill," they told her.
Childheart climbed the mountain
where she had promised to meet
her lover. She looked toward the
setting sun. She cried and placed
her hands over her eyes. Then she
tumped. Her broken body was
found in thf rocks.
Childheart still waits (or Red
Hand. There she Is today?her bead
bowed, her heart broken.
YOUNGSTERS WED ... Mr. (16) and Mrs. (14) Sneed Russell,
Harrogate, Tenn., who were recently married at Middlesboro, Ky.,
with their parents' consent. They were taken to the Detroit deten
tion home, while visiting the auto city, nntil they could produce proof
that the ceremony had been performed in Kentucky. Although such a
marriage is illegal in Tennessee and Michigan, it is legal in Kentucky.
WINS ROPING HONORS . . . Rodeo Queen Eleanor Lamb, who won
top honors in riding and roping events in last year's Helldorado, held
at Las Vegas, Nev. She is shown tieing up a call she roped during
the cowgirl events at this year's great western show.
WINS OVER M.tM SCHOOL ARTISTS . . . Florence Smith, IT, New
York City, shown with design of a erecting card, which shows an
ltth century dandy and his lady getting Into a carriage oa a snowy
Christmas night. The IH,NI Harry Doehla art competition was con
ducted in the public schools throughout the nation. More than M.tM
youngsters entered the competition.
NAZI OFFICERS TRIED . . . Each labeled with ? number. German
??earn, aeeased at the nirter of American prisoners at Malmedy
daring the battle at the Belgian beige, are photographed at Dachaa,
Germany, la front raw, left to rt? t, Josef Dietrich, commander 6th
8. S. pawners; Flits Eraemer, general, 6th paasers; Hermann Prices,
commanding general, 1st paasers, and Joachim Peiper, commander, |
1st rag. paasers. I
NEW ENVOY TOD.S Rijht
Hob. Lord Inverchapel (Archibald
Clark Kerr), new British ambassa
dor to the United States. He has
been in diplomatic service since
1906, served as ambassador to
BLIND GRADUATE . . . Morgan
Jones, 23, blind youth of Grand
view, Mo., who recently received
his degree at William Jewell col
lege from Dean Leonard A. Duce.
Young Jones speaks seven lan
mm ?imiii iiinw^i i ??!? itt't'
HADE A MILLION . . . Ernie
Ayart, Montreal, Canada, the
(abnlons ex-sergeant who struck
(old at Tellowknife, Canada, made
several millions and now employs
his old army major as his sec
HOME TO STAT . . . Whenever
Janet Bisel, Los Angeles, was
forced to part from her airdale
pet, "Snapper," he always showed
on. He recently followed her from
Gallnp, New Mexico, a distance
of 9M miles.
COAL CZAR . . . Vice-Admiral
Ben Marcel), chief of the material
division of the navy office, who
araa pal in eharf e of federal ?p
e ration of tho nation's soft coal
lads i try by Secretary of the In
JMKj . ;
Atom Aid to
Compton Say* Brotherhood
I* Necestary to Survival
In Thi? New Age.
NEW YORK. ? The development
Ot atomic energy has accelerated
"certain human trends" toward in
creased co-operation, education in
understanding others and seeking of
common objectives for all mankind,
Dr. Arthur H. Compton, atomic
physicist and co-chairman of the
national conference of Christian and
Jews declared here.
Dr. Compton stressed the impor
tance of recognizing these trends
and adjusting to them, adding that
"brotherhood is a necessary con
comitant to survival in the atomic
age." He spoke at a luncheon held
in the Hotel Biltmore for the cab
inet and executive committee of the
Sees Wide Cse of Atom.
No nation can afford to be with
out atomic energy, since it will
probably eventually become an ex
tremely cheap source of power, Dr.
Compton asserted. Already atomic
energy in controlled form has been
used to produce plutonium "10,000
times more efficiently than any
electrical method devised before."
Noting possibilities for medical
and scientific research through the
artificial radiation of matter, Dr.
Pnmfitnn coir) thai avartr imnnrtant
nation must, for its economic de
velopment and welfare, exploit
atomic energy on a controlled basis.
"As we consider then the needs
of the atomic world, it is clear that
our need is that of co-operation,"
he declared. "A society that is be
coming more and more com
plex needs specialists, and those
specialists have to work together.
That is the direction in which mod
ern society is evolving."
In such a society the develop
ment of antagonism has as a corol
lary the development of "tragic
weaknesses," he held. Therefore, he
added, the second trend toward
learning to live together involves
learning to understand one another,
and leads directly to the third trend,
the discovery of united objectives
toward which all mankind can work.
In wartime these objectives were
obvious, he said, but in peacetime
they are harder to find. He defined
them as objectives that will enable
the individual to contribute most ef
ficiently to the common welfare,
with the most important being elimi
nation of war.
"You cannot have freedom unless
you know what the values are that
you want, and unless you know
how to work effectively to secure
them," he said. "That is the task
both of religion and of the national
conference of Christians and Jews."
U. S. to Sell 4,500 Ships
At Losses Up to 50 Pet
WASHINGTON. ? The maritime
commission announced recently
that its fleet of approximately 4,500
war-built cargo ships would be sold
at from 50 to 87% per cent of cost
calculated on 1941 figures.
Dry cargo freighters will be sold
for 50 per cent of 1941 cost, and
tankers for 87V4 per cent.
1 The sale prices will be calculated
on the 1941 costs of production, re
gardless of the year in which the
ships were built.
To promote the creation of ? pri
vately - owned modern merchant
fleet, the commission will accept
old and obsolete vessels as part pay
ment on the newer ships.
Purchasers will be required to
make a minimum down payment of
IS per cent. The balance will be
payable over 20 years with 3% per
The prices will run from $531,
500 for C-l type lumber freighters
to $2,'026,500 for T-2 tankers. The
latest type of Victory ship will sell
for $1,065,000. Liberty ships will
cost $639,000 each.
The commission has about 4,500
ships of all types to sell. It super
vised the construction of 5,626 ships
between January 1, 1942, and April
1, 1946. Some were war casualties,
1,200 Pounds of Butter
Is Declared 'Surplus'
VANCOUVER, B. C. ? A United
States vessel, the Fairmount Vic
tory, arrived here recently with
1,200 pounds of surplus butter in her
hold, and Capt. H. C. Gibb said
the butter would stay aboard when
the ship sailed for England and still
would be there when it arrived back
in butter-short America.
Captain Gibb said the butter was
declared surplus by the United
States war shipping administration
when the vessel arrived at Seattle
with troops from Yokohama.
He said the WSA told him to leave
the butter aboard because it bad
no use for it.
Hearing of Deaf Woman
Restored by Childbirth
OKLAHOMA CITY. ? Childbirth
was given credit recently for partly
restoring the hearing of an Okla
homa City woman who had been
deaf since she was three years
Mrs. Rolls D. Starbuck, who bore
a son oe March 6, now can hear
sounds that she had not heard in
$1 years. Mrs. Starbuck's voice also
has improved noticeably and her
tones are dear.
Labor Will Teach
Axis Democracy %
Plan* for Japan and Reich
WASHINGTON. ?MaJ. Gen. John
Hilldring, assistant secretary of
state, said recently that promotion
of labor unions will be a basic part
of United States occupation policy
in both Germany and Japan as the
best means for teaching democracy.
In an interview, he outlined some - wq
of the major problems and objec
tives of his new job of drafting occu
pation policy for the state depart
ment, but declined to predict how
long occupation itself will be neces
Hilldring divided the long-range
occupation objectives into two
1. Demilitarizing the two countries
2. Building up democratic systems
strong enough to prevent control
from returning to war-bent, aggres
Hilldring put it this way:
"A preacher can tell a man to
cast out sin. But the preacher can't
do it alone. He needs considerable
co-operation from the sinner. The
same thing is true in Germany.
We've got to build up the will to co
He said that this is being attempt
ed in the American zone of occu
pation in the first instance through
the promotion of labor unions, sup
plemented by a * propaganda pro
gram on the advantages of democ
racy and by overhauling the educa
The job of demilitarizing Germany
has posed fewer difficulties. Allied
bombs had that task well started
before the war ended. Reparations
settlements went even further in re
moving the war potential.
Two major questions, still un
solved, have complicated the admin
istration of occupation policy in
1. Lack of economic unification
by its division into four zones. A
Potsdam decision for unification
has been blocked chiefly by a
French demand for a showdown first
on the question of internationaliz
ing the Ruhr and Rhineland.
2. Uncertainty over the outcome of
a scheduled mass trial of approxi
mately 1,000,000 storm troopers, 40,
000 members of the Gestapo and
400,000 members of the SS elite
Sees World in for
Cold Weather Cycle
WASHINGTON. ? The world
may be started on a half century
of progressively colder weather,
the weather bureau reported.
A reversal of the 50-year,
world-wide trend toward steadily
warmer weather began for the
United States, at least, about
five years ago, the bureau said.
"This does not mean that it will
freeze this summer or that next
year's snowstorms will be appre
ciably worse than last," it said.
"But if the cycle continues down
ward for the ngxt half century
as it has continued upward in the
past, it may mean a return of
"Grandpa is right," said the bu
reau, "the winters were colder
and the snow deeper when he was
Child Wants Bird as Pet,
Finds One, Salts It Away
WAUKESHA, WIS. ? Three-year
old Geraldine McClurg's wish, as
she watched some birds in her back
yard, was that she had a bird for a
Geraldine's aunt suggested her
wish could be fulfilled if she would
go into the back yard and sprinkle
a little salt on the tail of the bird
she wanted. She told Geraldine:
"Then, you'll be able to catch
The youngster took a handful of
salt and went to the back yard. In
a few minutes she came running
into her house, shouting and carry
ing a bird.
As she proudly exhibited a spar
row to her aunt, Geraldine told her
she had followed her instructions to
German Shipyard Being
Transported to Russia
BERLIN. ? Workmen started
crating an entire shipyard for trans
port to Russia in the first move
ment of industrial capital equipment
assigned as reparations under the
The dismantled Deschimag ship
yard at Bremen is being transport
ed to Russia.
The Shipyard, which produced
car vessels and tankers, has 10
launching ways, a floating dock, ma
chine shop and foundry, power
plant and huge cranes in good con
dition despite Allied bombings.
This Eager Bearer May
Wind Up in (Mud) Hole
MAYFIELD, IDAHO. ? M. Mag
nussen noted a beaver constructing
a dam between the banks of a
stream be knew would dry up. In a
gesture-of kindness, he placed a lad
der so the animal could climb out
in case he became stranded. When
Magnussen returned ?he next day he
found the beaver had chewed the
ladder apart and was using it to con
tinue building the dam. Such grati