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Washington. March. 2. ? The
j'avm Surplus Control bill ill the
lorm in which it was finally en
acted proves to be more to the
liking of Secretary Wallace than
'ie and his friends had expected
"tefore the two houses of Con
gress finally agreed on the com- ;
riromise measure. The bill as en-!
;j?ted, however, does not please
-orne of the leaders in Congress
who have been foremost in advo
ating legislation for1 the benefit
f the farmer. ,
The two Senators who are re
garded here as having the clearest
^iew of the agricultural situation
?nd the farmers' needs are Sena
tor Borah of Idaho and Senator
'IcNary of Oregon. While both are
normally Republicans, neither is
n. hide-bound party man and iu i
nany situations each has been
"riendly to New Deal measures.
a result, the.v are both regard
?id by their colleagues as holding
the middle ground of common
sense between the moss-backed
conservative point of view and ex
Moruli; McNary, Snub I'aini Kill
It is considered - noteworthy,
therefore, that neither Borah nor
McNary voted for the compromise
farm bill. They figured that the;
law will turn out' to be unpopular
with tjie general run of,average
farmers, in that it imposes a lot
of new regulations but does not
immediately give them any more
money than they are getting now.
That t>he new law is designated
to benefit the large "one-crop"
farmers at the expense of general
farmers raising diversified crops
is a criticism widely made, aud
one which is reflected In the fact
that the Representatives from
Kansas divided in their support ,
of t'he bill. The three members
from Westerm Kansas voted for
it. Their section of the state grows .
wheat and nothing else to speak i
of. The four members from Eas-i
tern Kansas, however, where gen- '
oral farming is the rule, voted
against the bill. Those votes re
flect a widespread belief t'hat
while the new law may satisfy
farmers growing large acreages
of cash crops it will not be so
well liked by small farmers in j
general, as it subject^ them to |
restrictions and regulations with-'
out giving them benefits to com- j
Bill Puts Bottom in Kami IViccs '
The effect of the law is expect- I
ed to be to put a bottom under
the prices of a few principal staple
crops by a system of Government
loans. It is expected that wheat
will never go below 60 cents a
bushel, corn below 45 cents and
cotton below 8 V4 cents.
The present soil conservation
law. which took place of the old
A. A. A. has not proved us effec
tive as was expected in keeping
?farm production down. Under it
farmers have been receiving about
500 million dollars a year to im
priJv^their soil and restrict their
nlanteit-sicreage. but the increased
fertility nimtjting from the soil
conservation program has result
ed in larger crops, -ift^e than off- 1
setting the reduction in acreage. I
The new law authorizes the De-'l
partment of Agriculture to limit!
the acreage planted and then pro- 1
nibit marketing in excess of in- j
dividual and state quotas pres
cribed by the Federal Government. |
Farmers will first receive an acre- j
age quota, but if unusually good j
weather conditions result in larg- :
er-than -average crops, then they \
will be subject to marketing
i')rop (Quotas Subject to 3-3 Vote >
Secretary Wallace is authorized '
under the new measure to pro- j
?laim marketing quotas on corn i
when estimates indicate supplies
will exceed a point equaling 2,
700,000.000 bushels; on wheat at
940,000,000 bushels; on cotton at
19,500,000 bales, and on tobacco
and -rice at comparable surplus
Farmers vote on the quotas af
ter they are proclaimed, and they
do not go into effect if more than
one-third of the producers voting
express their opposition. If they
are put into effect, marketing in
?jxcess of the quotas can be pun
ished by fines of 15 cents a bushel
on corn and wheat; and 2 and 3
cents a pound on cotton; lucent
a pound on rice, and half the
market value on tobacco.
When marketing quotas become
effective cooperating farmers will
be required to store their produce
on the farm in anticipation of
lean Crop years. On these stored
No matter how many medicines
you have tried for your cough, chest
cold, or bronohlal Irritation, you can
get relief now with Creomulston.
Serious trouble may be brewing and
you cannot afford to take a chance
with any remedy less potent than
Creomulston, which goes right to
the seat of the trouble and aids na
ture to soothe and heal the inflamed
mucous membranes and to loosen
and expel the germ-laden phlegm.
Even If other remedies have failed,
don't be discouraged, try Creomul
slon. Your druggist Is authorized to
refund your money if you are uot
thoroughly satisfied with the bene
fits obtained from the very first
bottle. Creomulslon Is one word? not
two. and It lias no hyphen In it.
Ask for It plainly, see that the name
?n the bottle is Creomulslon, and
pun get the genuine product and
the relief you want. (Adv.)"1
supplies they will be eligible to
b'ederal loans calculated not only j
:o hold excess supplies off the i
market hut also to make for
greater stability in farm market
Is Crop Control Itcgiiiicntulion?
That is. in substance, the "ever
lornial granary" project about'
vhicli the Secretary of Agriculture i
has been talking for several years. I
rhe machinery is already set up. i
hrougli regional and state organi
sations under direction from |
Washington, and county agents in
svery county in the United States. |
to "sell" the new scheme to every
American farmer. The semblance ;
Df democracy Is giveji the law by j
the provision pei miting the farm- 1
ers to vote on marketing quotas
after they have been announced
but before t'hey become effective.
Experience under previous crop- \
control measures, however, is that 1
only a small fraction of the far
mers affected will go to the !
trouble to vote on matters which ;
they do not fully understand ? I
and nobody' in Washington except <
a few experts pretends to under- 1
stand the new law in all its rami
Washington is wondering <1iow
[he -Government will enforce its j
luota restrictions in case any par-|
titular farmer decides he will not
tie bound by them. The provisions
in t'he original draft of the farm
bill permitting recalcitrant farm-;
srs to be thrown into jail were ,
stricken out before the bill was
passed, but even the penalty of a
tine for disobedience to the new
law is held by many here to be
jo drastic t'hat attempts to enforce
It would meet with public resent
The Department of Agriculture,
however, is convinced that the ex
isting system of loans and bonuses
las rendered the American farmer
so docile he will eat out of t'he
[ioyernment's hand without bit
ing it. ,
MISS WINSTON ON HONOIE
Mars Hill, Feb. IS. (Special)
Nancy. Winston, of Youngsville. j
was among* the 73 students of
Mars Hill college to make the first I
honor roll. Of Mie 662' students j
enrolled at Mars Hill 238 made J
the first and second honor rolls.
As a result of being a first ,
honor student. Miss Winston Is
(.-legible for the English. Interna
tional Relations Club, and French
honor clubs. She is a member of
lie freshman class which numbers
385 this year, the- largest in the
history of the school.
If a man talks at all. the gen
eral rule Is that the less he has
to say t'he longer it takes him to
* WHAT'S WHAT *
* ABOUT *
* SOCIAL SECURITY *
QUESTION : I will be 65 years
of age im March :i, If I tile
a claim for a lump-sum benefit
at that time must I give up my
ANSWER: Siuce you would not
be eligible for a monthly old-age
benefit due to ihe fact that' you
have not worked for some part of
five different calendar years af
ter December 31, 1W36. and be
fore reaching age 65, you would
be entitled to a lump-sum pay
ment. Since you are entitled to a
lump-sum payment and not> to
monthly benefit payments, you
would not be required to give up
your present employment upon fil
ing a claim after you reached 65.
* QUESTION: I expect to get
married and change my name.
Should I have my Social Security
account number cancelled and get
ANSWEK: No. Call at or writ*
to your nearest Social Security
Hoard Field Office and ask them
to furnish you with a form for
changing their records. After you
have filed tills form the records
ill the Social Security Hoard will
be changed to show your new
name, but you will retain the ac
count' nuiM'ber which you already
QUESTION: How many people
niuRt be employed ill a store to
have that store come under the
Social Security Act?
ANSWER: For the old-ape in
surance section, one person is suf
ficient to bring a store uuder the
Act. For the unemployment' com
pensation section under the Fed
eral Act, eight or more employees'
are necessary. Under the State
acts this varies according to the
different States from one to eight
QUESTION: I have just mar
ried. My wife worked before we
were married and had a Social
Security account number and paid
taxes on her salary. She does not
work now and possibly will not
work any more. Can she get any
money under the Social Security
Act for the time she has already
ANSWER: The wages she has
earned will stand to her credit'
until she reaches 65. If she should
earn more wages between this
date and the time she reaches 65.
these, likewise, will be credited
to her account. She will not draw
nionOiily benefits, however, until
she reaches 65. Should she die
before she is 65 a lump-sum pay
OUR MR. TONKEL OF TONKEL'S DEPART
MENT STORE HAS JUST RETURNED FROM
THE NORTHERN MARKETS WHERE HE
HAS PURCHASED THE
Very Newest Spring and
LADIES TOPPERS, of the finest materials
available; LADIES' SILK DRESSES, the new
est and most beautiful Paris creations; LADIES'
SPRING GOATS, with trimmed and untrimmed
This will be your GREAT OPPORTUNITY to
choose your SPRING OUTFIT at MODERATE
Be sure to Pay TONKEL'S a visit before
DEPARTMENT STORE, INC.
"SOMETHING ALWAYS NEW"
"Louisburg's Shopping Center"
nient equal to 3 ^2 percent of her
wages earned since December 31.
1936. iu employment not specific
ally excepted under Title VIII of
the Social Security Act. will be
made hen estate.
B. V. 1*. l\ SOCIAL |
The Mount Zion Senior H.Y.P.
U. met in the home of Mrs. M. M^
Person Tuesday, evening. Feb. I!",
at 7:30 and enjoyed social hour
together. The members were met '
at the door by a young couple
dressed as George and Martha
Washington. The home was de
corated to conform with Wash
ington's birthday. U. S. flags, liat-,
chets. and cherries being domin
ant. Mrs. Person was in charge of
the activities and directed several j
games and contests, which were '
enjoyed by all. After the games j
were over, partners were selected,
and refreshments, "Ice cream and
cherry pie were served in the din- :
ing room. There were 38 mem- '
bers and visitors present to enjoy J
the social which ended at 9:30. (
A vote of thanks was given to the
social committee, for the enjoy
"I have often regretted signing
some petition." remarks a Louis
burg man. "I do not recall ever
having had cause to regret jiot
Liqaid - tablets price
Halve - Nose ? __
Drops IOC & 25c
SCHOOL MASTERS' (1,115
MEM'S IX HAKitlS SCHOOL
The School Masters' Club of |
Franklin County held its fourth
meeting Wednesday evening. Feb.
24. in the Harris School.
Mr. Tiinheriake. our et'fecieni
president, presided over the meet
Mr. Lamm, chairman of the
program committee, presented Mr.'
Mills, who in turn, very fittingly ,
introduced the speaker for the i
evening. Dr. Kent, pastor of Saint
Paul's Church in Louisburg. Dr.
Kent used^or his topic. "The-Kel
ation of the Bil>t<> to Science". He
first'gave a Jjrief biogrophy of his
life which showed why he became
a minister. Thej^u a very inter
esting manner l^'showed several
ways how we might approach t'he
Bible from a scientific standpoint.
We enjoyed Dr. Kent's talk j
very much. He proved to us that !
he is a deep thinker, and an in- !
teresting speaker. We hope he;
will be with us again.
Our president, in behalf of the
club, thanked the Wake Forest'
orchestra for the beautiful music j
we enjoyed during the meeting; j
and also the teachers of the Har
ris School for the- bountiful and
attractive meal they prepared for
After a short' business meeting,
we adjourned to meet in March in
the Btinu High School.
Poultry production and fruit j
growing go together finds Miss j
Leah Frank of Jacksonville, route !
1, who keeps about 150 hens in i
her flock each -year. She has re-!
cent'ly set 15u peach trees in the;
poultry yards to provide shade j
and to produce fruit,"1
Fish oil soap is sometimes used
to rid plants of lice.
Selected and Tested
If you want a fine crop and full yield you will
purchase seeds of quality. Our seeds are from
finest species, they are carefully selected and tested.
Fresh shipments are now ready.
For Field or Garden
For field or for garden, in package or in bulk, we
have all fresh seeds and the widest selection of va
rieties we have ever stocked.
' ? PLANT NOW ?
Tomato ? Cabbage - Beets - Carrots - Garden Peas
Onion Sets - Cabbage Plants - Salsify ? Salads
Lespedeza - Oats
? WANTED TO BUY ?
Multiplier Onion Sets. Fancy Prices Paid.
G. W. MURPHY & SON"
Louisburg, N. Carolina
"1 bse 8% Potash Fertilizes
Top-Dress with NV Sulphate
. . . Says FRANK GALLOWAY,
Stantonsburg, N. C.
" THIS IS WHAT I GOT
FOR SOME SAND LUGS "
, - v/ ' Vv* ?. <5 * * '$v$x<
cftur* * nxMu+a, fwnoow
. I fT ^ ^
Jour years ago I started using Hftutcco fertilizer containing 8% POTASH
and top-dressing with NV SULPHATE OF POTASH at the first
working," says FRANK GALLOWAY. "Since then I have not sold any
tobacco under $ 400.00 per acre nor fallen below a yield of 1200 pounds.
Potash doesn't grow tobacco wild but gives it better body and better quality
which means increased weight. The extra potash also reduces disease."
THE most profitable development in bright
tobacco production in recent years has been
the tremendous increase in the use of potash.
Thousands of farmers have found that it pays
to give their tobacco many times more potash
than it received in the past. That's why suchx
mixtures as 3-8-8 TOBACCO FERTILIZER
have become so popular.
The Tobacco Research Committee now recom
mends fertilizer containing at least 6% POTASII
to be used at the rate of 800 to 1,200 pounds per
acre plus a side-dressing of poiut>h equal to 120
to 240 pounds of SULPHATE of POTASH per
acre, the side-dressing to be applied within 20
days after transplanting.
Your fertilizer man knows that potash is the
quality-producing element in tobacco fertilizer
?that tobacco is a potash-loving crop, remov
ing from the soil more potash than both nitro
gen and 'phosphoric acid combined. He can
supply you with 3-8-8 TOBACCO FERTILIZER
for use at planting and NV SULPHATE of
> POTASH for top-dressing. Use More Potash
This Year! IT PAYS!
When you bay potash in
I mixe fertilizers or straight
pota? li it pays to make sure
youge* genuine HM POTASH
N.V. POTASH EXPORT MY., Inc., Royster Buildi^pNORF.QLK, VA.