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Africo-American Presbyterian. (Wilmington, N.C.) 1879-1938, December 21, 1899, Image 1

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{In J!fro-Am«rican Jfewspaperr 1898-1901, ) 9^ “AND 'E SHALL K.NOW -niK TlUiTll, VOL. X V1. CyHARLOlTE. AM) I me TliUTH shall MAKE YOU EUEE Ebkm-J *i jfCond-cUM msiler. in Ch»rlot e, rlWISTMAS. nV iOlI.V TROI-A'NI). -■lUor'jto ihc hi(ihe8ly and on ' Urtli's wval feauil day has come, Ul aiiiheajs ^‘'•n t'very voice ; While »lrai»Ji «i*rap1iic heavenly ‘lome, Ut everything that hrealhed rejoice ! burdt from bwell the lives and with “ (ilory be to Iic»rae.s again, (Jol ! ’’ To Him, the Father, let our prais es l>e, And to the Son, who washed us in Ilis hliKKl, And i; the Holy Spirit -blessed three 1 the hatbinger of It coiues ugttin • • I’eace On earlh, good-will to men ! and innocence Dsarming till everything shall cease That in (IihI's holy moiiQtain gives otlence. OECUMBEII ”—John vifL ■21. IHIII). Although no anthem thrills the out ward ear FrociMieavenly host descending from the sky, Beyond dull sense attentive Faith (ail hear. Ami catcii the heavenly vision with her eye. N'or more with wondering shepherds dt) we ki^l Beside a lamy wrapped in swad dling bauds; Amid our joy a mightier touch we feel Through love He purchased by liis pierced haoids. To every island 'let ili» .raids run. That every tongue may join the glad acclaim ; I'nlil from dawning day till setting sun, On Ziou's wajls the watchmen shall proclaim— "Through all the continents, with cljeering sound, The old angelic chorus swells to day ! lu gyii.phony enswathes the world around. For every kingdom owns His bless el sway ! ” yOLlSTAJiyiSM VERSUS AN ESTABLISHMENT. JIV REV. K. MAYERS. Voluntaryism may be said to have 'I* inception in creation. God willed, wid worlds came into being. “ Let us Bake man in our own image, ” said He, and the evolution of mighty llioughts began. Countless myriads ofinjects, animals of large size, hshes» tftes, came into being, and life. Man u uBahle Id count the rolling spheres u they move through endless space. Hi* loftiest ideas cannot grasp the in* finile distances between himself and •lie nearest lixed stars. The regularity which they appear, the rolling and the wonderful mind that plates them make him wonder. A EW at himself acurcely simplifies his about that great mind, and he ii ^peded to say, “ 1 am fearfully and made. ” \’oluntaryism all going, voluutaryism keeps them in order. The mind that made • «n cannot err. Mistake is imposai- with Him. ^All this is altered when ?nan begins Let make becomes charged ||| niiBchief th^ since the makers long rfgree, and are capable pomnuinily. We have here the most benevolent, and the most unscrupulous. There are employers wlu'se kindness to their servants is patriarchal; and there are masters whose Irutality surpasses that of the Koman who threw tenmle slaves into his Hsh poinls. There are I>eop!e who cheerfully tax themselves to eilucite Kegr.ies, ami others who curse themselves for allowing them to live- The lynchiugs, immcralities irresista- ble on account of Negro poveity, nod general *'cussednoss ” ascribed to some employers, wouW be utterly in applicable to others, whose exemplary conduct calls forth admiration. All this is voluntaryism ; but a voluntary ism whose evil overbalances the good it Works out. There is, moreover, a voluntary submission to the action of the enemies of law and order, in order to carry out a sentiment that Negioes are not men, aud are, therefore, to be ill-treated by men. Oii the other hand, the Creator established certain fixed laava when he voluntarily made the world. Who ever has read these laws carefully must have seen that they cannot be broken without punishment. '• Who soever shetldcth man’s blood, by man shall his blood be slied ” has not been spoken in vain. Mea kill only to l>e killed in turn. Men sUal only to be be robbed. 'The first murderer es caped a hanging only to be succeedetl by many hangmen. Assyria became violent only to be violently assaileil by Babylon ; and the latter was brought under by Cyrus, in order that God might pave the way that his empiie might be beaten by Alexander. One jiarty in Kentucky gains an advafn- 4^e only lo be attacked by the bea‘cn party with renewed vigor. Volun taryism i»:..*Hege cases assists in an esta blishment of oiacj. For when men find voluntaryism inerpporlable, they mTist CBintrtlSili order. ' In Church government voluntaryism leads to uncertainty, if it also accom plishes great things The Hebrew Theocracy was cetahlishcd so far as its form, ministry and priesthood were concernetl: it was'] o/imfury so far as the free will offerings, vows, and build ings went. God ordered a tabernacle of a certain form ^nd-size ; but he left the offerings for building it voluntary until the people brought so much that they had to be restrained. But many years after, the tunplc was en tirely neglected. This is voluntary ism. On the other hand, an establish ment is authoritative. That authority is based on government: the Hebrew establishment on the authority of God, and established churches on their sever al governments, lo their cases, volun taryism is given to, or merged into an establishnl^ut. In other words, the people consented to give the ’ power of church government to the nation’s officers, and to i)ay their clergymen lixed stipends for sacrificing or preach- ing the gospel. This obtains in the established Churches of Englai'd, Scot land, Norway, Sweden, and Ru.-.-ia, etc. In these cases, however, unifurm- ity often produces formality ; but men to church regularly vhen because not the least item of »bich »bi.wn ^ the first kuowii act of Eve, wutuau, and in the first known Abel were rsit men born. Both agreed to ' -both agreed to offer—but one Other. Since himself has not killed "y people as men have destroyed. tttiQv ^ South at present ijllj caused by different »c*Q wgjj conceived in any lawlessness en^uprt In appreciation of this fact, a writer has lately Hhowu that the We.Ht is lieing filled up by people who left their religion in the ast. I’elehs mi'isiumry then, is as Hiring the effort to make id ex[irtnd, ll'.e iihmoo goe« backward I the Chri'tian life. Voluntarybm then beeoines a lianger insleal of a blessing and yet it must not slack its baud ; instead'of .daeking, it nuint in' crease both prayers and gifts. Ih'puh licau principles must be its ruling povver and a love for holy living, ami excellence, its commoti heritage in eoni men with an e.Htublishmert. Both v^utaryism and an establishment must seek the good of the people. ICach provoke.s the other lo gi>oil works Expansion and ChrUtianity as a result.4,t,ak^lly havitig their inlUienee go hand in hand and it cannot any longer be said of such, as of the people under the Hebrew Theocracy, that “every man" does “that which is right in his own eves. ” ANOniEJt CRL\^ AUAINST civ/LJZiATroy. It was in Kentucky thii^tinie a man wa.s burned alive for a crime for which he was certain lo be punished in the ordinary course of justice. lie hud coiifeHsed the murder of Mrs. Lash- brook utter an attempt at a fouler crime, aud was in charge of oflicvns who were taking him to the Court that was to try him. He was taken from them in brc’H^d day and was burned alive. Ilis'ey^ were cut from their sockets and the raw flesh was spriuk led with red pepj^r. The newspaper reports say tlmt*V'omcn were present at the lynchiug ancHhatNuftcr the mob had dispersed small children^ept the fire burning over the charred bones. This was a crime purely oi revengx It was ai/t. c^oounitted in the. first rage VFir YEAR'S JX SOCTLANIK in- Tin: yeai: TROX rjirm n, KDism-m: ■ ‘Hi- li. Nt-w VearVis the great S day. (.'htblmas U ul eou*; cm! holiday, aitd in the Ur/e i-un., d.- piie old pr*gudierH, spue oM pr*oudierH, its • bt-eormng m.\ rtc-gnized Hiii.-nj: ili ! t>eUer business houses. But for the general population of the c.uKittv (he New V(mr is the great holiday Usiival. and, th.iug.. temiHTam-e sentiment is nmWiiig its «ay, il»-h. j., „j|i ^ leal of hard dniikiog ni thirt seastm. It is iioiiHtlie U>HaUi-t, howtvfr. that the spread of temperance eilucation ami the l etter amusement of the pe--|' NO. 50- making New gear's leas o'* a yaturnulia than it was wont lo he.* Hiyiging ifi the New Year at Tnm church, Edinburg, U a time honornl cuaUim which does not seem to Ihj fad ing into-disuse. On the last iiiglit of thousands of young people, willi a sprinkling of older p?rsons, coDgrega led as usual at the Tron church, which is in the heart of old Edinburg, ^pced tho passing year. When the church clock showeJ midnight, a loud cheer was raiseil, handshaking Inca.Tie gener aj, the old salutation, happy New Year!” was heard on all sirlea, and, bottles of the national lieverage having been produced Irom tnpcoai p'ckcls, healths were generoudy' jdedged .\ft- erthis hail been done bands of roister ing youths and maidens set olV to ‘‘first foot” their friends.—Chicago Rcc vnl. NEW rAVlA”6' GIFTS L\ SPAIN. In Spain, as well as in Portugal, the ’■‘^orv to which a pretty woman de al ♦#=‘ntion is provoked by the brutal assault an^* The u'Sed'1rtf*.lKP'lUAioning'’of CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR. r h; ■ Tor lb** BPttliinlna D**. rnj li, H. II. i;«>-e. lid-. . lii. &. Tho int ;-t aU'l r.Tir._-,,f th? book of Hehr>-wi« itrrt yn ji'iint o-.t tho rela tion iH-tv.-. n Ter tiiment dle- piiiiHition ami the Xewaiid lo tlw gapi ri-.-rity of the Ktw over the Old. Thi" i-* dona by provintj tint Kniveriority of Christ, the mini.Ur c.f i-io dU- I’ln-aticn. ov-r th-‘ n-l-.ihr.j.s (,f tho Old—an'ri‘1--'. Mo.i-h, Anroii anil tbo Aarunic prii-HliuMid. In llii.i tir>i chap ter tbo writer araaei xlie i-.rify of Christ over iininiH. His snpi li. vily is shown to )k* in the Im -: tho angols of (iodarc mini-tcring Kj.irits or atteudniit wor>kij.ers at tlie Ir'.iu's ad vent. Chrirt ill a- oeiaied wit;i Oed in Uid niajoeity, a sharer of Ilis ev, rlaoting throne. Tbo angcU aroEcrv;,nla. Christ is a Kin,''. 1. Christ w-j.s born Kin:;. Thoni'li born under tb9 inost htimblo humun circnmstaucc.s. yet Christ v.-as a King by birth in that Ho wa; tho Sou i£ God, who is King of kings and Lord of lords. Ancestry, and rmt snrronndings at birth, makes royalty. The child of a king is royal botn, noSnattcr what may bo the outward surroundings of his birth, and no amount of external royal trappings would make tho child of any other a kingly child. Christ is tho Son. of God. By birth, thereffcro, though born in tho humblo mangi* at Bethle hem, H; i.s a King. 2. Christ ar. Kinj' fits upon a throne. His throne is the throno of Gofl. It ia an evcrhibtiag throne. “Thy throne, O God. is forever andx'ViT.'' It is a throna 0>Lm murder of Mrs. Lashbrook, but after sixty days of deliberation. No mem ber of the mob made any attempt at disguise or conwalment and the burn ing look place almost at noonday, but there is little hope tl>«t either tliej^pec- ial grand jury called by the Judge of the district or the reward offered by Governor Bradley will result in the punishmeat of any of those guilty of this crime. In his book on “The Fu ture of the Americnii Negro” Booker T. Washington sajs that 241 j>erson8 were lynched in the United States in 185)2, only 57 of whom were charged with as.°aults on women, and 127 in 1804, 24 of whom were charged with that crime. How can the Stale defend Itself against these returns to barbarisp? How can the public sentiment be crea ted that will make such horr^^rs as this at Maysville impoesiblo?—Pre.dnjterian Bafaur. go nlte they feel that they pay/ta.xea for the support of the clergyman ; ami strange as this may appear, they really feel in terested in every part of the service, and resent the leaving out of any por tion of it. Voluntar.ism, again, only pro vokes greater zeal in the establish ment. All who are not non-conform ists claim its benefits. here there is no esublishment, liowever, the indif ferent often send denominational preachers about their business else where. I bean' «f a fa“"y >''at Aold ■aJiaptistaclergyman that its members were Methodists ; assured the Metho dist minister the the members were Baptist, and excused the indifference it showed to the others on the score that n- members were Presbyterians. Ab- ROM AX YEAKS. VAKIOUS n.VTES fEI.EBnATEI) I)IS'SKBS:.NT I-KUIODB. fan aud, above all, of her mantilla. Few meu have auy idea until they at tempt to make a New Year’s offering of this kind of the amount of money that tan be lavished on even the tini est piece of lace, particularly if it hap pens to be old Italian or Spanish point, dating from the sixteenth or seven teenth century. Ignorant as the Span- ish woman is on most subjects, she is conspicuous for her profound and ex tensive knowledge of tho different kinds of lace, and her talent for distinguish ing point d’alenct^, and point do ve nise from that oMitalian point known by the name of Greek lace, is only eqiialleil by the grace with which she wears the national mantilla and iiianeu vers her iAU.-^Chicago Tinm Herald. , .iudihx. -iw», .vr>T>','T lookca all nicuai la 'mat ih CHRISTMAS PLUM PUDDING. solute right to iuterferc under such con ditions there is none ; the country U hurt by an increased indifference to re ligiou ; and, as a consequence, utter The good old Homans, who had some bard common sense in spite of tbeic self-conceit, believed ihor.mghly in New Y’car’s day. They were char acteristically careles^as to when it should bo celebrated, and s iuicliines it was held at various dates of the year by communities living at no greater distance from each other than a rail road train would,take them in these days in a few hours. But so long as the? got the full number of high days and holidays into the 12 months the gr>od old Homans cared little whether they adhered strictly to the almanac or not Even-when Christianity became an established institution in the land and the Christian leaders began to systema tize the days for celebrations in which the Church participated there was still a difference of opinion as to the day on which New Year's could properly he celebrated. It ie even on record that New Year’s day hks_been kept on the date «t ajwrt for ChrisTmH^, while it got s) mixed up with the ether divi sions of lime at another period that it wa.-* kept on Easter day one year and on the 1st cf March on another. It is necessary to trace the celebration of the first New Year’s day clear down to the sixteenth century before any 'leli- uite underat ndiug of the proper day for the celebraliou can be found.— Brooklyn Citizen. Three quarters of a pound of bread crumbs, one-quarter of a pound of fine flour, into which half a teaspoonful of baking powder has been sifted. Mix ibre^Srumbs and flour together and add three-quarters of a fresh kidney suet, chopped, relieved from skin and fibre, but not sifted. An even teasi>ooD ful of salt, a whole nutmeg, a small cup of brown sugar, one pound of currants cleaned,' dried and floured , one pound of seeded sultana nusius, also floured; two ounces of lemon and orange peel, mix'l and finely chopped ; two ounces candied citron, eight eggs well ^l^ten, and a pint or more of sweet fresh cider for mixing. Beat thoroughly and often williiii an hour, then let it stan*l for an hour in a cool place, before putting in buttered mold, or tcalded bag, prepara tory ti boiling steady for four hours, the water boiling before it is put in. Serve with sprigs of holly in the center on a large platter, with a rich, liquid sauce.—Deinoreet 's. “A scepter ter of Tiiy kin^dmn. Chrit-t as a Kiiij' jx>^'’csse3 a king dom. 116 is iiiit n King withoui^a king dom, hnt a King with one of universal extent in bvith tfvio aiid spnee. His kingdom i.s an cverlastiiur kingdom. It is .a nnivcrsal kingdom, llo rcii.:n3 in heaven and iiiNtn earth, “(jod hath highly exalt'.’d Him and given Him a name that is above every name, that at tha naiiiu «zf .b'StiH every kneo rhonld bow, of things in h'-averi and things in earth and things under tho earili, and that oviry tongno ilionid eoni’«:*.-i that Jc.^us Christ is Lord, to the glory-of the Father." In lliis hin-rdoin ( hri.^t excr- cises royal prK.rog;itivi s. He rules. Ho govern.^ He r.-wasdis ;m(l imni.dies. and has alisolato e;.nt-rol ( f tho lives and destinies i.-f Hi.* snl.‘j> ets. 4. Christ is not only our King, but may also l»« our brother, onr royal britthcr. “Clirist (was faiihfniy as n son over Ilis'oNvn honse, of wh(M!* house uro wo if 'U'C hi.ild the coniid'jiico and the rejoieii^g of the hopt' firm unto theeml." V.'e may thus l>ecom(> mem bers -f the hou;s4.'LdM of (‘irritt, His brclbvcn. “heirs of (bid-ami joint heirs with Christ if wj bo that v. usnlbr with Him. that wo may bo also gh'ri^K’d to gether." Siuh a relationship to Christ is wor thy of our l> .st ‘ITortH and our highetst ambitions, and in soeh a relation to a King we should keepUis name and His honor nnsnlU‘sl and untarnished. Le^ us bo worthy in thought, word and deed of tho eontidcnce and lovo of our royal ItoIIkt. End“ Readings.—Gen. iii, lo; ii. 14: xi. I-IU; Zodi. ix; 0: Math. 1-11; Lake i. 20-33: ii, 1-20; XXI. tf; X- John iii. 12-lU; Hev. x .-iii. 33 I Tim. vi, 1-3; .xvH. M,. AN ENGLISH CUSTOM. Carrying branches of evergreens hung with apples, crauges and gayly colored libbous, the children still jia rade the streets of some old Eoglisb towns, “agganowing, ” as it is called from the words of He ditty they sing: We’re come to give you waruing It’s New Year’s day a-morning- With a bey and a how And an aggan aggmow. —Atlanta Constitution. Thiit Iiiijnolont ”1.” M. Zola, wl.en In Hu was much inipres:-.d with the Ib.-li-sb use of the capital "I.” ‘'\Vhy l.! It.” hegoiys, "that tho Hngllsbman. he writes of himself, Ehcnbl invariably usd-a capi tal letter? That t:ill T wlilcli occurs BO often Id a pcrson-Tl uarmtlve strikes me ns bi*ing very niTogant. Fi*cnch- man, refe.Tir.g to liiniself, writes with a Munll ’J:’ a CenuaD. tlioush he may gmilfy all his i^tbstautives with eapiui kUi-ra. employs a small T In writing feh;’ a KpanlarU. when he uses the pvntoahl pronuua at uil, bestows a small *f‘ o« Id-, ‘yo/ wii'jv lie lionon the perven he v*ith a capital •V.’ I b»‘Meve Index'd, ThoI am not suGlclenMy A-qualnted banguages to with cerrarnty on tliat point. Uiai th.*'KagUsbajan is the only pt-rscc in the world vbo applies a capital letter to hjinn- If." M. Zeda ftiglii have mforifd Uis eoff- tn. sts Htlll f;;inher by referring to tho .lapanc-se, wl-.o n!ly luve no word for “I." Id Bpeabing of cuoelf In Jap«- ue. ie Hclf depreciatory teriiiB are useit, such as "servant.” 'The awkward per son," "Junior.” while in Hpeakfug of or other |iH>ple complimentary terms • ■ luphiJtil. gueh as "iiemur." "nias- "i*vl:fi-e" (useil by youug men lo tiJ i-ach «ither fnmlllarlyi. The urnAl JapaneiH* e*itilvaleDt for l« "wnt^iiHhl." whk-h means liter ally hufl’alo C'ouiuier- nt Ilonaes. ^ nrl.*« Tei* f l!i«* bidienjioiii if Uie |m. pi .».M jm ul «if till- minUfH In ihlxTii.v ts the ;,ia.:,.al alKilM^^u nt of tlte teiio- Uiem. till* wttfu is griierally uuder- stood. The Kig n>okerleK. with their st.iHl,^rHnuKi tihif>th hnllR and rusty fire esen|H*s, are ;:.ihig out of exlHte>K*e In the ordinary eoursi* of events, by luuihling h>wn and iH'iug rt*ntov- *'d to maki* rcMiin for iiitMlern stnK*- tures. and Hie p‘op!e who live lu iHeni are he.king nmiv airy homes hi the Kubui-bs or in the fiats up luwii. V' I'.ile tile foreign element (‘outluues to live in tenements for tin* first year after renehlug .New York the childnm of foreign parentiige are not wlIHug to exl:.i hi the m»|.-ome tiuarters pf the east a:id west sides. They crave more light. i:i'>re air ami eleiiunnesK. aud In pinay eases they get It. Rapid transit makes Harlem as noeessihle as Grand street, atul liiere is no oci-aslon lo live in a il'iwn town tenement unless one The teuetm-ui hottsea -are build- llatbouse has taken its place, a::«j r emirse of time the foul bar- In v,liK-J» scores of families are ermvi’.i'.l w;Il be a thing of the past and only remcmbereil as part of a dlstem- lK.>red Ureaui.—Ni'w York Letter in PlUhbin-g IHspateh. U'lie Iniiuialtlve Damsel, A girl who took ui> ithotogmphy not ago and nuleuvored to gel some vnluakle snap shots had bad luck with her lii-st pictures. There were fmmy streaks of white all through them wlu’u there was any picture at all. and she cuuldu't Imagine how they came tlfere. Neither could an experienced amateur who assisted in developing her first negatives aud who took tho usual prooautious In loading the omt- era and taking tho plates. “I can’t' imagine what Is the mat- ■tcr," ho said ns plate after plate came out either good for nothing or. with only a little of the picture visible. ‘*rhose ought to have, been good plates.” "Neither can I,” said the girl. ‘‘They looked all uijxiUMLaa— —“ ■■ “ ght to 1'^*' ” ey ought to look." Looked nil right!” exclaimed her In structor In dismay. “You hadn’t look ed nt them before we put them in tlm enmern, had you?" “Oh. uot cuough to hurt tbcinl” said the girl. "I Just lifted up the black papt'v froD) each plnte Just the llttlost ernck In the world. I Just couldn't re sist the temptation of seeing how nloo they looked and thluk of the lovely pictures I was going to have on them.” —New’ York Times. Her Handr Monev Stoeklav. "Yes, you are right," said the con ductor of a Mala street car, viciously ringing up a fnre. "Somo people do carry money in queer places. Now. that Chluanmn lu thei^e kept mo wait ing over two blocks while ho' untied a gordlan knot In Ills cue, where Lo bad .his cash. Some i>epple keep me wait ing five blocks or more .while they fish around for tbelr nmney. "Yesterday I was going north on Main street,. when, at the corner of Adams, two women got on the car. 1 wnited a minute or so and then went in for the fares. The women looked sort of dnsheil, and then one of thti.i lH‘gan to fumble lu her purse. Empty! Then her companion made a dive at the bottom of her skirts. "Well, sir, it beat all. That woman deliberately nulaced her shoo and took It off and through a hole in her stt^k- tng fished out a dime.” — Scimitar. A Biff Snowfall. The heaviest f.ill of snow that ever took place In England occurred in ICiS. The snow commenced falling on tbo loth of January, 1013, and continued every day until tho 12th of March fol lowing. It covered the earth to itteh a' depth that passengers, both horse and foot, passed over gates, hedges and walls, which had boon obliterated by the white sheet. On the 12tb of March it began to decrease and so by little and tittle consumed and wasted away till tl>€ 28th of May. for then all the heaps aud drifts had disappeared ex cept one upon Kinder scoot, which lay until Whitsun week. A heavy fall occurred In Scotland hi 1(^. the snow falling 13 days and nfghts with little or no Intermission. One of the heaviest falls on a singte day occurred on the 21st-of Fehmai*)', 17G2. the snow. In some places being Irom 10 to 12 feet deep. sa4 Wttm—m A«vm. Aft as-^aiflg Indttoit occurred In one of the common i^Laa courts the other day. The lawyer for tbe-oeCense wa* making a very lengthy cross exam ai;^ tioD of an oW lady when he was iater- rapted by the Judge with the ren>srk. “I think you have exhausted this wtt- "Tes, lodge,’’ ilw ficlslied. feel very much eXlSMastfd.’*--Phi pliia Call. V 4 t

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