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$1 , I - : ! ytfissf j - T'"'- -Jj - - -w.- - - .., ' , ; , ' j i;f '
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f I wmHmIj 01 1 IlSil TftljJ rail fir fiitffiTFMMIfi'"
; P f- ' i . ' . Hi'
VOL. III. Tii IKD SERIE
imm lUatr Oman,
WEEKLY BY I
jj p.. BUUNElt;
i Kdltor ana proprietor.
fit K AH
m ml va nee.
(i one iiuuirroi
ruoti.. i ...
41! Jl !l!,il UliSlTlMMl. . .
u.iip ., vu'll U charged per cent
id t altove rit'.
:ni ,lnsticeV Orders w ill be
mu f. rates wjtii other aidvertise-
OltUuary utf-, over six lines, j charged
VOS't UACT RATES.
fc! 50 .:i7.V $5 00 $7 50 $12 00
50 0 25 8 50 12 (K) 20.00
00 J 00, 12 00 18 00 , 25.00
i i8 00 II 00 15 00 2 5 00; 350
1,8 (K) 2 100 30 00 40 00! K0.00
Of) 45 00: 45 00 85 00 ! 100.00
Tlie symptoms ofLiver
I 1 Ecomplauit are iineasinesH
8Z2MCZOX7SI and pain in the side.
nies the nnin ih in
the fthouldcr, nnd in tuis-
taken iji)r 'rhieUniatintu; the Ptomach lis a fleeted
wfitli iif iJitpetite and sickness, howela in
Ktfii'niljdwtivey wHiietinies alternating with lax.
I The head is j troubled
with pain, and jdnll, hea
vy sensation, insidera
lle loss of memory, ac
ftomiianied with tutitiful
stffiMatHitt tl haiiriKh ft undone somethins which
oi hjht w hav been dne. Often complaining of
wtakiUWdebi lily, and low spirit. f4ometime
ninny m ine ati
lH)Teyniitoii)8 attend the disease,
imfs vi-rv Cfv f tlimi. hut tlv.
aiidj at btlier timea very few
hh'r in eenernllr the
Cure the Liver with
a preparation roots and herbs, warranted to be
i Mniy; vegetable, ami can do no injury to any
oiie.: h has been used by hundreds, and known
th 'u't 4y fvan aM one of 'he mot reliable,
Ttpcal4wkandlwraiiilew preparation ever of
firt;d hWthe suflerinR. If taken regularly and
ITriMeniy, u is sure to cure
headache, cluoiiic diarr-
der. eninn ( vulitrv -f
M! L -
icjiiofwiol the kidneys, nervousness, chills, dis
e;H the skin, inipurity.of the blwkl, nielan
cljoly, ir depression of spirits, heartburn, colic
oiymi in the bowels, pain in the lujad, fever
?1"K ,h'ffy, loiIs, pain in the back, &c.
IVpHrtd on y by J. H. ZEILIN A ( n
ov man i
JVVl! T- F- KLUTTZ&ICO.,
"'.lF',!n1y-- SalwlmrV, N. C.
MUmi CA kO.LINA,
lJOW'AS C'OI NTY
' l V hm .mm ... . I
Mua miller, Administrator of
Summons and Peti
IT . 1 1 v
tion to 6el land for
cunt it Hi'pnannir t,t tl,o sat't..
f ( .irt that Win. IV. MeN'eelv and
i jM'cNfVdy, alias. Ac-nith Corriher.
njfrfs'iJliitM of th.T'Ktiit. ?,t X..rtU
t'iioliuiLr-l4 is therefore ordrl th
4i'iiyi.,a l,. in w Carolina Watchman,
pwsj Aa.er ttul.lisl.1 in Salisbury. N. C.
siuc-ssivly, rtOjUiiiiifr paid
appear "at th oflKte of the
pern.r I mi t for the count v
uh lriUpr ,1 Ut d:iy f 1WltlWr wxU nd
a lis H er
lUinplaiiit of t!.e plaiutiin
emu ex parte.
JudS4n Jlason Curt .r Y
.rt of-said county at joffice jn
o lOlh day of October, A. D.
A. JIJDSOK M ASON, "
rk of Itotuin Superior Court.
maliiwkl County. ( SUriJ
ej Conrad .Hbe. Mary Hise,
Iticaniion and vvif
Chester and w-ifn
- J ! !
Mirvll IRwi. fcliJabkb ntitti
Lrnl ,4ry Kuuis, iufaut under the ageTof
r t 5 jf" iy tneir tiuardian. J. P.
Iilv; Klwha Hit ud wife IMahala,
FIT1 n1" M'5'' JHtnes Hise. Milly Ann
II w,iiwfaiits under the a?e.i tweuty-otie
Mr .by - their, GmrJian ad litum J. P.
''m,3t ! f " ' ' " l' i
n thw cae it ie ordered that pblicat:on
W made hi the "Carolina Watchman" a
i uMMr libirlu-d iu the .o n of Salis
F fuf fn11 Nvtifyiiig Marvtil Hise,
l,,u r4spt,4efeii(knt, that he appear at
tin Sifitior court Clfrk'a. office iu Uuoir,
Calawtell riiuutv. within hut tim u...l
th ciMiiyaiiit of the Pfaiutiff, or; iudcineut
I tNj 4keti pro cofifetoio as to hiui.
I 'r T'yll-Pl. Wakefield. Clerk of our
d Co ift Julie in Lenoir, this 1 itl. Av
of ijept -avi).'i?7i. ;:. 3
L ill Ji' At.r itJu, C. o. C.
1 III., ,1 f - "inn, uiutl u u V".
AXe, wl,ich t made with Extra Ilevy Poll
U i iuona eXfieii n,.n o . ri
jHREM. BROWN i CO.,
J v"? f . w "0,8' Hardware Deal-
W , ,- 8:2t
lAnd Deeds" Tmcfnrt hri
itf"1? r8trncr 8 Decds. Sheriff
IJfCfMChattle Mortgage &e.
fr oaie at tliis office.
!i 1 1 ! .O -i H Cft O
7 c 2
" ii i f Si
. i; 1 ? ' I
. 'i : P : P !. . . 'P. -.: f . P -. P . . . k i , , ' ! - i
I i - i '. 1 1 1 ! . i
i I !
I.' THE , ... .
V : - ' 1 . K
if well supplied with
A large and elegant assortment of
T ILLUSTRATIONS, &C,
Finer and more Ornamental Types for
Business & Professional
Visting, Party andjWedding Cards ;
College and School
-Circulars of all kinds ;
Jobaceo Notices and
for all purposes ;
For Clerks, Magistrates
; j p a
and Solicitors : 7 -
Or anvthin elsd recjuired in the '
! - -
AS A NEWSPAPER,
Is a candidate for! public favor. Its
circulation is gobdf, and its standing
i s -
and patronage improving. It is one
of th best advertising mediums in
the State, and offer? its facilities on as
i . i p
- p j
liberal terms as any.
LAND FOp. SALS !
Acout 102 Acres,
iSeven miles from Salisbury, on the Wilkeshoro
Road, adjoining Benj. IlowarJ, Jos. Mingus and
others ;jpart of it Secotid Creek Bottom.
Term, one-fourth ca-di, balance one, two mid
three year credit.- L
Encpiire of Jno. Miller, who liww on the
prerawoB, or of It. Barrfiger, Agent, Charlotte,
Ang. 25, 712m
PLAIN & FANCY
v - l - ; p - p. . -,f
suitable for 411 k nds of
i'lciiiii 'WSi 'mm m
D AMD OPT T?rn
The year grows old. Summer's wild crown of
; I rosea j . y '
Has fallen and faded in the woodland ways;
On all the earth, a tranquil light reioses,
' J Through the fctill dreamy days,
i 1 - ' i . I
The dew lies heavy in the early morn,
Oti graiM and fosses sparkling crystal fair-
iuu biiiiiin;inreaos oi siinrer are borne,
1 i Floating, iitwm :1h sor
Across the lea f-strown lanes, Trom bough to bough
Like tissue woven in a fairy loom ;
Apd crimson berried bryony garlands glow,
I j Through-ihe leaf-tangled gloom.
The W(ods are still, hut for the sndden fall
Of euplesa acorns dropping to the ground,
Or raobil plunging through the fern stenw tall,
f - Half startled by the sound.
J , I . . fx,
Aibd frbm the gardeijilawn romes soft and dear.
Tie robin's warble from the leafless spray,
The low sweet'Angeliis of the dying year
j j Passing iu light away.
i j Evei-y Saturday.
I; Si OWED AWAY.
jl was oucq a third inate ofa Water
Kympti, a fine clipper ship engaged in the
Atialian trade. One Antuinu she was
du-irhavgiiig a general cargo at the. railway
pur, Wiiliauisiown, Port Phillip, and my
duty chiefly consisted iu keeping a watch
ful eye upon the gteVctlon s at work in the
hold, for they were 'terrible fellows for
broachhig cargo whenever they get a
cljaiice, and the quantiiieg of wine, beer,
aijd spirits on board offered f hem many
jNotwithsUnding my vigilance, casks
ard cases were constantly ueni on board
void of contents, aiid I was repeatedly
censured by the chief officer for not keep
ing: a sharper look out. This galled me.
mhcb, for I was confident the gang then
awoik were not the depredators, as 1
hijjd si en several bottk-d-ale casks dragged
eippty from the ph ces where they had
been stowed and , I knew that their de
pletion were owiug to some other agency
titan the one suspected.
A last I received a hintfromthe cook that
tleie was il ways plenty of grog kiwck
iug about in the forcastle ; so I resolved
tfi sneak below, after the hatches had been
closed at sunset, anil endeavor to catch
sme of thu crew in flagrante delicto.
II told the tii8t mate the suspicions I
entertained,, and he considered my pro
ject a good one; so shortly after night
fall, he lowered me down the hatchway.
The night was cloudy and s oi my,
occasional rqualls of wind and rain drown
iiig every "soif nd on deck, but in the spa
cious lower hold all was dark and silent
a$ the grave. I groped my way forward
for some distance, clambering "on hands
khees over chests, bales and boxes, until
at last I found my piojjrets im piled by
several huge casi s of machinery, which
barred up the passage from one hatchway
to the other) on the starboard side.
j On the port side and amidships small
cases of wine were stowed, and as 1 could
ejisily lift them, 1 commenced removing
tjie top Jajer, and Crawling ahead as I did
$b. As a lamp would have betrayed my
presence lit thieves, I did not cary one,
bul l had a few mrtches iumy vest pock
et, and 1 occasionally lighted one when
I lost my way among the labyrinth of
goods. At last, ou removing a goods'zd
b.iled, I found an empty space before me,
ud concluding I had grrived at the main
hatchway, whence all the cargo had been
teiuoved, I f,iced abou; and began hiwer
itjig myself by my hands and feet to the
kelson; but a case I grasped gave way, and
I was suddenly precipitated to theplauk
ftootitig,' the package falling upon my
leg aud holding me down with its weight
whiih was considerable 1 tiied to rise,
bit the effort was futile, and the paiu in
crushed limbs was excruliating. The air
Mhia hot and stilling, and a peculiar sick
ening odor hung upon it.
After fumbling in 'my pocket for a
match, I ttruck the last one- 1 had against
the irou band of the case. Directly it i-.
irjtefl, a sheet of white Hi me Hitted armmH
a;.u in its pale, wierd
M . - -
Iisht I saw a .irhast-
X 'Keictou crouched in dose proximity
w-nere I lay. I uttered a cry f horror
I0r u was no chimera. ; I waarealfv in l.
. .' t - : 7 :j
w as really in
t mo ot one who had nm-i ! ...
apd - the flame which hud, illumined the
dark cavity where Iwlas had been caused
by the noxious gases generated in the de
caying body of the unfortunate man. who
nu.t have been immured iu a living sep
ulchre. Iir a frenzy of terror I u t ten d
wild screams for help, bat only the echoes
omy vo'ce.answeivd; and no other sound
bfoke through the dread stillness save the
hurrying) rush of many feet, as swarms
of ran fled over aud away from me.
Huge drops of sweat welled up and
stood in Jewy beads Upon my brow ; yet
a chill aensaiioiilsbpiik every nerve and
rausele in, my body. l could see nothing
in the inteuse daiMuciss ; but, as . if lured
by fascination, I iglancvd Ju the direc
tion of the ghastly figure until niV eyes
wre almMt ot rf 'ihefr 'sockets. I'fan
cjid; 1 cohld ee the t long-, bony arm of
the skeleton thrnsrifcfelf forth io grasp
the; 'the fleshless faceVhe hollow temiiles
teeined clear to my sight, and the white
rows of teeth seemed to mock and grin at
me in my despair. I was a yoangtef
and I could bear the horrible nLni.ii!
ill. f' '
no longed; my over strained nerves tc-
lixed, and 1 swooned.
How long T remained nnconecious I
cannot tell, but when my senses re
turned I heard a noise a thort distance
ahead of 1 where I lay, and saw a ray of
yellow light gleam through the interstices
of some loosely stowed p ickages on ray
right. Tfien the sound of a man's voice
fell upon my ear, and by the tones of h 1
keW that a sailor named Carsrairs was
in the vicinity of where I Uv.
j Us a good thing for us the rflate
thinks it's the lumpers as broaches this
cargo; or we'd never get a d.op of this
qitor. pi say. Bill can t we mu?li
off enough to last the voyage home!" I
heard him say. j - .'
SALISBURY, N. C.; NOVEMBER 24, 1871.
" Caraiairn !" I holloed, in a faint voice,
that sounded strangely nn natural even to
myself " Help f I'm jammed up in here.?
I heard a crash of glass, as if a bottle
had been let fall, i ;r . s
" Bill! Bill 1 did yoo; hear that V balf
shrieked the terror etticketi sailor.
"'Tis sum mat ounat'ral, anyhow. Lets
get out o thin, Joe.tll knew mi good
would ever come of this way of doing
business," replied bis companion.
I holloed again, louder and more dis
tinct ly For mercy V sake, don't leave
me here U die " 1 cried. :.
1 ha l the thirdt mate'x
Tin," said Carslairs. Whl' he alter
d .wn h re 1 Spying ..on us. I s'oos.
if he's goiteu hurl, U?sbect we should en
..li'ii . . - .
t lie r.ot a bid sort, and
perhijw woia pJitoilaff.
Fliueiiiff cases aud ba
nging cases aud bales aside, titer
advanced quickly towards me, guided by
my voice as I repea-edly hailed them. At
last only one case stood between them
and me; they rolled it away, and grasped
I he one beneath which I lay.
" Are you much hurt, sir ?" asked C'ar
I can scarcely tell," I replied, as they
lifted me up. Then I pointed iu the direct ion
of the skeleton. ' Look there!" I said.
" Meicy, mercy 1 cried the sailor, his
stalwart form trembling all over as hid
gaze fell upon the ghastly figure which
the glare of the lamp revealed to us iu all
its repulsiveness. "Tis some poor fel
low w ho's stowed himself away for the
passage," he added, when the first agony
of surprise had passed away.
I was sorely bruiaed, but no bones were
broken. The sailors assisted me along
until I got under the main hatchway;
then they went up-oii deck, via the fore
castle, and told tho mate they thought
some one was down the hold, lie, think-,
i ig 1 had made a capture opened the hatch,
atid I was hoisted, more dead than alive,
from the hold beneath.
I explained all to the mate, except the
part relating to the two sailors, for I did
not wieh to get them into trouble, as they
had aided me; and next day the remains
of the unfortunate stowaway, were bro't
up on deck. From a paper found in the
pocket ol his coat we ascertained his name
and fomer residence, and afterwards
learned that the uphappy man wished
tojoiu Ins sweetheart in Australia, but
having no money to pay for a passage, he
had storved himself away iu the pump
well, whence no sound ould reach to the
deck, and so met the terrible fate I have
There was no more cargo broached at
night aboard the Water Nymph that trip.
SOHETING ABOUT ECHOES.
A good ear cannot distinguish one sound
from another unless there is an iutervu-1
of one ninth of a second between the ar
rival of the two sounds. Sounds must,
therefore, succeed each other at an interval
of one ninth of a second in order to be
heard distinctly. Now, the velocity of
souud being eleven hundred, and twenty
feet a second, iu one ninth of a second
the souud would travel oue hundred and
twenty four feety.
D.. ..! - .1 t t . - . t
, iv p itieu cjuuvb uappen wuen two O
stacles are pjaced opposite to one another
as parallel wall-, for example, which re-fle-ct
the sound successively.
At Ademach, in Bohemia, there is an
echo which repeats seven syllables three
times ; at Woodstock, in England, there
is one w hich r -peats a souud seventeen
limes during the day and twenty times
during thu nigh;. An echo in the vill i
iSiuiouetta, near Milan, is said to repeat a
sharp souud thirty times audibly. The
most celebrated echo among the ancients
was that of the Metelli, at Rome, which,
according to tiadition, was capable of re
peating the fifteen syllables, eight times
Dr. Birch describes an echo at llesen-
heath, Argyle-hire, which, it is said, docs
not now exist. When eight or ten notes
were pJayed upon a trumpet, they were
relumed by this echo upou a key a third j
lower than the original notes, and
shortly after ujkii a key still lower. Dr. .
I age describe an ocho in Fail fax county, j
Virginia, which possesses a similar -curi-
.. .. . .. , 'in.:. . i. ..: .i .
,,,ie l"T'7' tii cvnw givirs inree oi-
tmct letieclioiiP, the second much the
most distinct Twettty notes played upo.i
a. date are returned with perfect cli uiness.
But the most sitigular property ol this
echo is, that some notes of the scale are
not returned tu their placia, but are either ! satins ai.d embroideries for some grand
thirds, fifths or octaves, i nApti.,1 ceremony ' soon to Uike place iu
Ihere is a srprn-iug echo betweoc two IVkin. The richest tilk province re
barns m Belvidere, Alleghany county, i sp. ctfully protests, I see by Hie IN kin
i. !. 1 he echo repeats eleven times
a. word of me, tw'o or three syllables ; it
has been heard to repeat thiiiccu tunes.
By i laeing one's self iu the centre, be
tween' 1 life twt bams there -will be a double
echo, nut in t'i rlii-ttnik .( I,.r,
and a monosyllable will
7 - ........ y. T- t j UQI II,
be lepcated 21 :
' A istrikmg and beautiul effect of echo
is produced iu Certain localities by the
Swiss mountaineers who contrive to sing
iheir Jianz tics Vaches in such time that
the reflected uotesjorm an accompaniment
to the air itself.
. CURIOUS CUSTOM.
The causes for which a Mahometon wo
man may demand a divorce (are clearly
and broadly laid down in thu Koran, and
her evidence is sufficient, because the
Mahometon law supposes that a woman
must be violently aggrieved before the
modesty of her sex will allow her to ap
pear in public with such application. So
careful is this law to spare her fellings,
tint she is not evep required to recount
her injuriesj'nnless of her own free will;
all she has to do is to place her slipper re-
vered-tlat is, with the sole upward
before the cadi, and the case m finished ;
the divorce is granted without further in-
n ... h .
An 4 inrui,i SVf. n r . '
Jeffersonkm Democrat Imperial Mat
rimony. Congressman James Brookes writes
from Pekiu, under date of August 27,
some interesting notes on Chinese jwdicy.
lie says : ' ' '
Before I leave Pckin I rausWry to con
vey to you my impression of whit this
Government is. It seem to be a demo
cratic despotism, and hence peril ips ih
secret of its old age and long preservation.
Confucius was a sort of Thomas J. ff rsop
or Ben. Franklin. He laid down great
practical democratic principles, and thi-v
have ruled emperors and mandarins l.itu
dieds and hundreds of years. onf u ins
created a public opinion and a vstem f
precedents thai no despottetu touhl ever
a.dely ignore. Then, the coianou people,
through their instructed mandarin, guide
and overawe, if they do not even sway,
l he Emperor He is afraid ol I he p.-ople.
and the mandarins are afraid of the peo
ple too. There is as much a public opin
ion uere 10 ne respected as iu Great Brit
ain or the United Stales. No. hereditary
aristocracy of auy kind exists. No man
darin can transfer even his buttons, to say
nothing of his post, to his children. When
these mandarins are made governors of
the provinces of China their power in
quite absolute, but the Emperor is omnip
otent, of course, over th. in. The provin
ces are like our States, w ith certaiu pro
vincial rights that mandarins, must res
pect when sent-there. Hence the govern
ment is nowhere absolutely absolute
that is, with safely to itself.
TUE RAILROAD AND TELEGKAPII.
Intelligent mandarins .would like to
build railroads aud telegraphs, it is thought
but they dare no?,, it is believed, as yet.
No mandarin feels potent enough to ad
vise the Emperor to run a railroad over
the grave and through the giaveyards of
hiuese revered and worshipped ances
tors. The trouble iu erecliug telegraph
poles is that a supeistiiious Chinaman
believes (and all are more or less super
Billions; mat tuese poles will mterlere
W 4 W
ler, a Snecies of evomanrv ir u I., li. f J..
the good or ill luck attached to particular
U'cal situations that the poles may have
An event has just occurred which will
hasten th-? erection of Ulegrapbs. The
grand IVkin Council of Scholars have
just awarded two competitive prizes to
I two Cantonese scholars, the highest hoii-
ors of the empire. The news was seitt
from Shanghai by sea telegraph to Hong
Kong,,und reached Canton days before
the news could come overland. The Can
tonese were astounded, aud discredited
until the long looked f.r IVkin Ojjicial
Gazette came oveiland aud confirmed it.
Then there was wonder aud marvel over
that intelligence, and all China, from
north to south, is asking if it will doto Kive
I t - '
ioreigners tlie means of more rapid lutef
course with the exteii-r of our empire
than we oimeIv?s have. Interest, thetr
trade and commerce, I think, will soot,
dispose of that Fung Shuey, and give
China the telegraph. f
We have opened their gr -at river, one
of ihe greatest rivers in the world, and
by steam we Americans do nearly all the
coat ng trade there, wiih Shanghai. -Mandarins
now prefer our boats to their
junks to travel in. Europe and America
have taught Chinamen how to cast can
non and to make rifles. Their factories
Under our auspices, are almost equal to
ours. Their ships of war are now putting
on fjimdable .fr-onta. If Ei'gland again
comes into coullict with I hiua it w ill not
be so easy a conquest as iu her last two
WANTED AX EMPRESS.
Gie;.t efforts are being made to find a
wife No. I for the boy Emperor. He can
e as many as be tdoascs af.er Nn 1
The pretty girls from hundred and hun
dreds of miles h IV.- been sent nn in t In. .- iti.
iial as patterns for an Empress ; but his
mother, the Empress Dowager, has not
picked out a wife lor him. Boys and gii Is
in China have notl.it g to do with the se-
K cliou of ilu ir own wives. They seldom
see the husband or wire -till the dav of
uis marriage. Ihe Kmneror' even has
got to take what they gje him ; but if
No. 1 does not suit or s itify, No. 2, 3, 4,
6, C, and so. on, cjhi be hand maids. Some
of the richest provinces have just be-li
levied lll)"i. however.' to fnn.i.li ilL-
UuZ' tfe, againut the silk ley made upih
that province. The mandarin wiile the
requisition cannot be complied wiih with
out trouble there, and what is stranger,
the Pekiu OJicial Gazette publishes in
full the refiiectful irenum iranrr. ThU
IVkin Gazette, bv the w-v: ii iU ...iv
. . J ---- J " v
real V. hinese. newspaper iu the cjppirc. It
it is pubiuheil daily here, and the inantt
seiipt is fnroit-hed twenty four hours in ad
vance to I ho .foreign ministers if ihey
deir'; it ll i- au official record only, with
no Jis.eitaiion iu it.no " ed rtoiialir"
only the decrees of the Governm.Mit aud
the reports and petitions of tuauuaiius
from the provinces.
The Economy of liadicul Jlulc.Tke
economy of our general administration is
shown in this,
1671 We received
SJ.850,000 from the sale of public lands,
aud paid Sl.779.GS0 for collecting it. This
was fifty three per cent Whit do our
business men think of thu I Uncle Sam
also pays seven per cent, for collecting
his internal revenue, and six per cent, for
obtaining his custom house duties. It
takes 821,000,000 a year to pay custom
house officers and internal revenue officers.
Private individuals would take the con
tract of this collection for two and a baf
per.cenL, and consider themselves richly
front ih rV.rrv.tw-.u r ,i .
lj i " 1N PERSIA.
Oeoomi ail Persia, Aug. liS, 1871
My deaf Observer ITnh.nr. V-;.
seems to be sorely tisiied, this year, by the
Hgmcnlsji'of 0id. Kasha Guerjis, of
-..,.y-B jwi iciuiiicu irom ispanau,
where he has been, laboriog several
months tiast, under the direction ol UeT.
Iiobert Brijre, of the Church Vfissiou.ry
Society, ilfe rrnorta mircaln1 1-1.
there, and much to encourage the heart
of ihe Christian. But his accounts of the
famine in all the Southijf Persia are heart
rending. Ie says the official returns
made to inquiries oidered by the Shah,
who seut Iage stores for the relief of the
sufferers, Yummed up letween fourteen
and sixteen? thousand dead by famine,
1 his hash was the agent of Mr. Bniee
in Utnbut.mg, mcnthly, between $60 and
S80 amougf the starving people from his
private funds, and he describes some most
harrowing ircenes. He says th- paM win
ter and sprlne seem to him Iiko . iU
dream. Children wrrln l;u..i
- ------- ', i u, anu
eaten. Horses, donkeys, dogs and cats
were gieedily devoured. The eyes and
brains of soch as had died were dug out
and eaton. The leg bones of aniraalthat
had died we're soaked, and the skin scrap
ed off and eten. In fine, everything that
the teeth of -hungry men could penetrate
was eaten.! The dead lay in the streets ;
and the ding, shriveled human forms
crept lon by ihe aid of walla to pre
vent theirialliiig from exhaustion, with
open mouth; yet speechless tongues, beg
ging bread,! Flocks, cattle and horses
were either killed and devoured, or died
for want of gias or prorend. r; and
horses wero not found ev n for t ri
ders. The! cause of the famine was the
great scarcity of water ihe past two years,
and the terrible sufferengs could not be
relieved byj the rapid communication, as
there are no railroads nor steamboats in
Persia, Tie cholera has since appeared
in these rrgjone, aud at last accounts was
The cholera broke out also in Teheran,
and, for a lime, whs very severe; buta
terrible tertipi st of wind, which filled the.
air w ith dint;, and which pi 8t rated many
walls and upper rooms, swept over the
city, after Which the cholera entirely dis
appeared, j ;Bl it is raging violently now
in Tabreezfour days disunt by caravan
not rail.s- Our post, this week, brings
word that iie dailj dcalh rate in the thy
is from 300; lo 900. The people have fled
in every direction, and now it prevails iu
the village. It has also hern severe iu
Khoi, and has reached Salmas, sixty miles
north of us.; As yet our ciiy has escaped
but it Willie strange if we should be
passed by. j May God be merciful.
Our meeiiger from Tabreez alM re
ports that lerrible bail and thunder
storm had just swept over Tabreez and
vicinity, and the mountain torrents, swol
len bey. nd tall precedent, came pouring
down, sweeping off whole villages, and
the crops o an alarming extent. A
thousand hbuses in Tabreez, and 1,700
lives, are reported as deetroyed by the
From the;' regions of the Tigris, above
Mosul, our helpers write us that the pow
erful tribe pf Arabs, the Sbamar, have
risen, and ijrere laying waste the region
oeiween Alawlin ai.d .Mosul. Whole vil
Iages were plundered, then burned, and
little children tossed in the fUtm s. The
menwere -killed, and the fairest of the
womeu andfctnldren carried away captive
At our lastaccouuts, the devastation was
going on. i I All there things seem lobe
against us, put Our God reigns.
The following letter is later intelligence
and of the same distressing character :
London, Nov. 2 Further advices re
garding lhe terrible Perriju famine have
been received iu this city to-day. Tbe
statements iormetly reciived are now
proved lo hive in nowise bun eaggera-t-d.
The famine has already swept
almost the .-iitire length aud breadth tf
Persia, and jstill coutiuaes unabated. The
etplo iu cviury city throughout the coun
try are dyij.g by haudreds from the ef
fects of starvation. In !spaham (one of
tho principal cities of Peria, with a pop
ulation of about ?00,0p0) the; ravages of
the famine, jind iu concomitant diseases,
have been fearful. Theiuhabtiant, wrak
etied to the hist degree by excessive want
have succumbed u hundreds The cem
elerks are fijlled. In this city alone it is
estimated that there are over 20,000 native
P.rsians, l,b00 Jews, and 1,500 Chris
tians starving. The .provision are al
most eihausbrd, aud are quite insufficient
to supply one-tenth if;the. pupulatiou f.r
any prniracjcd period. A similar state
of (aff.iire exists at Teh ran (310 milee
further 8outi).Vnd hardly a single, city
is exempt frbui the dreadful vis'rution.
TOBACCojlN NORTH CAROLINA.
We learn that the cultivation of tobac
co is spreading in North Carolina, espe
cially West! .f ihe Blue- Ridge, which
region is f njnd to be highly aUjpled to
the production of the finer qnaliuea that
bring the highest prices. At tbe recent
fair in this cjty the first premium on to
bacco was taen by a eitiai n of Buncombe
county oldi" Buncombe," which has
such eitduriog fame as the origin of tbe
famous sayilig of 44 speakiug for Bun
combe." She is rich in soil and in min
eral resources, and i one of the mst
picturesque and delightful of all the
lovely sections of the Bi te Rgf.
The gentleman who raised this tobac
co is a native of Ueury county iu thi
Nate. He moved to Buncombe after the
war and euie.red upon the 'cultivation, of
the finer qualities of tobacco, w hich he
understood remarkably weU, and his aue
cess ha heed wooderluj . .hju st Jhe
10. "WHOLE NO. 100
fashion, aird Buncombe and Lb Dethbor
ing district have rapidly increased their
crop of tobacco. We may expect largely
increased arrivals of the ataple in this
market from that ictcrtsting region of the
By the way, the Danville road has .he
prospect of further important railway al
liances in North Carolina, and these slli
ances mart be vastly beneficial to Rich
mond. The products f iht region art
taetly suited to our market Besides
the superior tobacco, wheat is prodaeed
there with success, and a quality well
suited to the mills here. Thete articles
must come to this maikeu The mineral
wealth of the country must also be favor
able lo our commerce. The great manu
facturing power of Richmend must estab
lish intimate relations with all sections
whieh ere rich In mineral wraith. Rich
mond is the nucleus 'around which will
be concentrated a great part of the thrift
and increase resulting from mineral devel
opment within the rpere of her trade.
We can truly congratulate oar citizens
upon every additional facility that is giv
en to their intercourse with North Caro
lina. With that state our intercourse
should be the most intimate. Richmond
is the natural market cf the North Caro
linians, and it will be their market if oar
people only take advantage of tbe oppor
tunities that are given them.
Revenue Tax oa Tobacco.
IMPORTANT LETTER FROM THE
PetUlers or Retail Dealers of TJLtcto
Puy a Sjxrial Tax of Kre DJUrs ,
and may retail on y Kit re
in the Stafc
UFKICE OK ISTKKSSL RETK51E.
W ashixuto.v, Oct. 28. 1&71.
Sin: In reidv to vour lfitr f n
24. iu reUtion to peddling manufctored
tobacco, I h.ve lo ray that a manufac
torer of tobacco may nell l.i8 product any
where in ihe United States wiibont
paying a special tax as .Je.iUr in it..,.-
co, bnt he cau sell onlv P i ih tri;n.l
aud unbroken package He may send
UMV vmpioyi-c lo JUUlf for him, who
may sen ou the same conditions as the
A peddler of tobacco who i nvt n
employee of the manufacturer, and whoe
sabr exceed Si 00 per annum, is lirfUe U
a special tax as a dmhr iu tobacco for
selling manufactured tabocco in ihe rain
ner of a peddler, and such a peddler who
has paid the special lax for o r-U
bacco, may retail from wooden packager,
"i-u maa Biampeo- according to law.
Very lespecl fully,
J. W. DjrfiLARH,
W. I). Jones, Esq., Assecsor Ith Dis
trict, Raleigh, N. C.
ANSWER TO A CHALLENGE.
The eceentTic II. II. Breckinridge, ne
of the Judges of the Supreme Court of
Pennsylvania, when a young man, was
challenged to fight a duel by an English
officer, whom he answered as follows :
M I have two objections to this duel
matter- the one s lest I should hurt you,
and tbe other lest you should hurt me. I
do not see what good it wonld be to pat
a ball through your body. I could make
no utt of you when dead for any ordinary
purpose, as I would a rabbit or a turkey.
I am no cannibal, to feed on the flesh of
men. Why, then, shoot down a human
creature, of wlmtn I could make no use f
A buff do would make better meal; for
though your flesh might be young and
tender, yet it wants the firmness and con
sistency which take and retain salt. At
auy rate it would not do for a long sea
' YtT might mike a good barbecoe, H
is true, being ol the nature of a raccoon
or opossum ; but people are not in the
habit of tiubecui ieg anything that is hu
man now. As to your bide, it U not
wonh taking off, being little beV.cr tbau
a two year old calf
"So much for you. As for myielf, I
do not like to stand in the way of a'ny
thing that is hurtful. I mm under th
iaapression that you might hurt me. This
being the care, I think it the. most advis
able lo stay at a distance. If you want
to try your pistols, lake a tree or a bam
door, about my diineueiona. If you hit
that, send me word, aid I will acknow.
ledgo that, if I bad been in the same
place, you might have bit me."
"Ay, Every inch a King f An
exelianzo savs :
" We are creeping along to
ward it. At the Bangor banquet
the president dined at a separate
table, sat upon elevated dais and
beneath a canopy. Iland-kissfag
will soon be in urder."
When we give a man the pow
er to suspend the vrrit of habeas
corpus and proclaim martial law
at his discretion in any part of
the United States, it is tihly
appropriate that he should sit
upon an elevated' dais and be
neath a canopy. Those who ex
ercise the powers of a king may
well imitate the personal assump
tions of royalty. '" . i