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VOL. iIII. THIRD
Proprietor and Editor, j
RATES OF SfllCItlPTION
OjJE ItEAnj, payable in advance
se.. . , .tf.ou ,
-I.... 1 .50
....... 10.00 1
m,n rn. I
5 rit'S Untuu aildrepfl,
UEAU.& FOOT STONES. &0.
IOUM U OHIO
rBiiMM ui eouii i mema 10 niamend
J. and tliepui.no-, anu in thn mot hod would
I a 11.1 t rillllllV. Still in mnlkiirl n-nnU
. ' I - - - " V V
fur meeting ditrnandM in Li line of butsiness.
' JleXinow prepared to furnish all kind of
(Jravf StoiicH. Iroui tlte'ehcnpiMt Head Stones,
to th costlinnt iivuuuiiKM'its. Those prcfeiing
ntvlen al t''ry costly worts not on huud, can
accoiiimodatcd on short time, Htrletly in ae
tiurdiiuci) with xpi'i ificatiuiiM, drafts, and the
tTiii.i of the coiitr.ict. Satisf.ictiou guaran
irpft. He will not he undersold, North or
loath. OrdeiH H(dictcd. Address,
7;tf JOHN' II. IfULS. 8aliaburr.
R. A. MURPHY
Having nain Organized for
lUlXKSS, have just opened a
STOCK of GOODS,
entirely new and fresh, in the oora
funnel ly ociiupicd an the1 Hardware Store,
and next (Joor, to iJingham & Co., to
the in?pectiii of which they most cor
dially iuviid the public. Their
w;ih carefully selected by ihe senior mem
ber of the fir in in person, and bought at
rat. s which will enable them to" sell as
low, for, CMS, as
in the City, for Good of same quality.
Their Slodi i genwal, t -bracing
nil l vivi ious brunchea of
Groceries, Crocheri Ware, Boots and
Shoes Sole Leather, Calf nd
Binding Skins, Grain and
. Crass, Scythes, Cap, Letter
and Xote Pajxr,
EX VKL OPES, PEXS, IXK, fr.,
ami a beautiful assortment of
, i -
I hey fee jnssured of their ability to
give entire f iti.faction, and especially in-
vite old frrej.ds and customerMo call and
hring with them their acquaintances,
1 hey expect jam! intend to maintain the
. - r -r v., xiuuu i o z. rvii fiv w wriT t? ivi cio
j . .... v, .... luaiui.iiii inei"1" ouiuc tu euupose mat tne water is
reputation of the Old Mnrnhv "ir- ' forme.l in ti. a.tam k- .u .-.
which is well known throix'-lii.iit W,.i
- - - ... .... . ....tir-i..
North CnrolTna. All they nsk is an ex
niniijaiion of their slock and the prices..
No trouble t nhow goods, so come right
uhJig. Their motto,
Small jtfajifs, ready pay and
With a good
stock, low ; prices, fair
. " I i ..H..M, in,- ,
ii..Ii... .. . ,. . : . - .
prompt attention, they will
..u,.irjo merit then- share ot the pub- j
he pnirnnago They are in the market ,
T. H i 1 1 I. ! . 1 f Itt' l
a. muus or produce and solicit calls
irom .h i -..IT. I i
I'oiu both sellers and htivern
B.& A. MURPHY.
ANDKKW MtJKIMIY. "
Salisbury, March 23, 1872. f27:ly
A M. Sullivan.
J. I. Gowan.
UllVlf,; Ul illllriU, f.
I 11 K under.tigiu'd having associated them-
w "uiuess unuertuo Urm name or
A. M. SULLIVAN, CO.,
t r AVK opened iu U. J. Uolines new builj
HiDg. next iloor to the Hardware Store,
lie re, the v wi I be pleased to meet old and
friend. They have a magmlicent room-
t III1' I 'I f ir.ii t Ah 1' I A? . - t
v '.,.(, auu oeM m town and
STOCK. OF GOODS,
pOMPlySING a grntral nnrtiiieut. Uard
V wan, excepted, and will warrantee as
I,""1 ''Hrains ii eanbe sold br anv Uouse in
J; Uth. They will doal heavily B Urocerien
l eounry Pi.Kluee, buying ami selling, aud
i p all who wish either U hut- or sell to call
"".V'n . A. M.gULLIVAK.ACo.
21th, ltv. lOitf
A MBMnihre Ilrick oue with 7 rooms and
u. ; i . w vfj wu ""; niuaicu in me
til lll.f'iKu.rfe', .... ti. ........ . -.1. . , i .
' ie!rai.ie part of Tow-, persons wjshinir
I' n h.ie
i nii; apply at this tifliee. i
jfic JLm 3E5 .
li our friend when you meetln the Street. '-
2 2 Tnth hUr" Cigar and Flk,
Or the Chappaqua man, with tfls Beet.
On freedom and auffrage, both are rather too
J? or tt man . ?. o . t .
, - i oomnern born.
f honf ' ,nd"8tr7. nd a big warm heart,
1 6 pre8ent rncu-bent by nature is -horn.
Ifjou'r UlkSngof Hoe,Good Uquor or Dogs
V 1 y Grant wyour man, and atways at home.
But apeak in fin.ni.l
iou 11 find he'a a stranger inclining to i
Our Country endangered by centralization
Of power in a military Can-Can. 1
And if wa . . ! ..
" J PWer' Gr,''
. v vo. v , mure 10 our nation
uot relies on bis braina. Justice. Honor, -ml
Bight. sy '
sift. ' ne very nnt
THE PORTRAIT OF EDGAR A. POE.
Slowly I raised the purple folds concealing
That fur0 . nt.niiiil j. .1 .
- ---- an me morning oeam ;
hile slumbering memory thrilled at its reveal-
Like Memoon, waking from his marble dream.
Again I saw that broVa trauslucent pallor,
The dark hair floatinc o'er it lilra -
1 he sad, sweet mouth whose haughty valor
T.firl u .,- j- . J
iireuw vi impenauig aoom.
Eyes, placid, calm, with -something in their
That was not of earth's mortal m;Ttv Kr.
btrange mythic faiths, and fantasies Elysian.
-t.hu f, Bwcev ureama oi lairy land forlorn.
Oft has that nal
c a-- cauiibCAj
Wy lonely musings at the midnight-hour ;
Transform iner the dull lif it nl,.,i
With marvel, with mystery, and with power."
Often, in some ashn ovoninn !n rii
Have stood entranced by a moulding tomb:
Hard bv that vininnnrv T oka t A ..I.
here sleeps thejshrouded form of Ulalume.
Oft in some starlit night have heard thechimin
kji ir ou menow Delia on the keen air;
And felt their molten, golden music timin
io me nearis puise, answering unaware.
Sweet, mournful eyes! long closed on earth's
Sleep restfullv after lifc'a
Sleep, wayward heart, till a cool, bright xnorrow
Thy sou 1 refreshed, shall bathe in mornings
Though clouds and sorrow rest upon thy story
, ". ........ ...v me uraiMM-y oi my pall,
lime, as a birthnghtrshall restore thy glory.
-iiu iieaven resinare all the stars that fall !
L. R. B.
WHAT FOLKS ARE MADE OF.
The rfiimber of bones in a human body
is generally estimated at 245. of w!iirli
there are reckoned in the skill, head and
face, 61 : in the trunk. 64 fll til at ma
and hands, 60 ; and in the legs and feet,
vv,. migiii ui iue BKeieion is about
AM.e-.eiun me weigritot the whole body.
- ..cm cu as a lever, is times
as strong: as sandstone. 3A
aIra and Ash, and twice as strone as
lilt V V uur 4rA . t 1 '
1 he number of muscles in man ia
--, - -" uuiucr.
. . ... .
being more than jwice the number of the
Dones. ine bulk of the body, upon an
average, is equal to a cube of a little more
vnau sixteen mciiesn aside, and the
amount of water eauals a mL , littl J
mrethan fourteen inches on a eide, or
t .i . ...... Ul
neany ttiree-tonrths ot the body.
A adt.lt d.inks about fifteen hundred
pounde of water yearly, and throws off
fi . t .i . rtl,u luruws on,
I An adolt diinks about fifteen hundred
' pounde of water yearly, and throws off
throogh the various waste-gates, nineteen
hundred pounds. - The difficulty of ac-
counting for the four hundred poinds hag
, ld some to supoose that the watr ia
- ... l , tji. iu .. v I mi- iniinn nri
rri ,r,,., j
oxygen and hydrogen
..v ra.io ma), uavo ueen enumerated
are found in almost every part of the body
Common salt fehlnriA ri..m :.
'I lii all. I I i
in everv fluid n,l anv,A . t
The whole amount in the human hodv U
277 trrain. Tt m.. .- jl, J
c -- ' " iuiuuuaui
Carbonic acid is found in ,h MW.
alimentary canal, the blood and urine
'lh nmniint r( .kAn,'. I
fi' r . . ... i
- -... v. iivuuic miu, However.
t. r .
vanes, being troinyone to three pounds in
twenty-four hours, and the causes of varia-
ll0' re temperature, age, sex, state of
i. .1.1. j; , . .
.iviiui or urease, aeveiopment ot the body
muscular exertion or renose. Thi tram
(carbonic acid)" contains in every 100
. , - - - , -J
r.unds23 pounds of carbon (charcoal)
and 72 pounds of oxygen (gaa). Hence,
tllA tnnTimnm , M -I .U..U
capes in this form from the lunM of a foil
g,Ln man U Ibo" fifteen Ounces u
b waii is auoui, uiteen ounces iu
rna tm v m w . . . i. . t , i 1
... ...... wi mug; ni rncu inspiration
ana expiration is labout 20 cubic inches ;
4 1. . J .1 a
niuouiik Dassea inron?u them in
twenty-four hours is about 622.000 cuhir
to 000 llo- Lvar A 'ru-
incites, or. as others estimate it. from 3 000 I
, - . . .
temperature the greater the amount of
i. u . j j
animal heat to be. generated, and, conse-
OUentlv. the crekter th rnnnnnt f .ir t
o beieeneraled. and. conse.
be consumed. Also, a person laboring ,n
4he open air breathes more deeply than
one confined to the house. From a series
of 5,000 observations made by Dr.
II UTcmssox, the following principle is
deduced : "For every- inch of stature
from five to six fret, eight additional cubic
inches of air are given out at a forced ex-
piration after a full inspiration." That is,
if a person five feet six inches iu bight can
expiie422 cubic inches, a person five feet
seven inches can expire 430 cubic inches,
The nails of the hand grow about two-
fifths of fl linAnor vniplr wV,1a nr,k
. " "-"-i "mv iuuwui me
eet require foai times that period for the
same amount of growth. Cases are on
recora wnere tne nails nave been shed
periodically. The time necessary for a
nail to grow its whole length varies from
twelve tO tWflntV WApk TKa naila ardi
thickest at their most convex portionsf
ua. oi weir eoge a ; tney grow only so e.ting stranger For necilj W week noth
long Mtbeji are cut, and among the litera-ling was seen ufhirn or) heard cf him.
ry class of the Chines who never cot ; The banker was in a evr of excitement.
njeur paiift tney are saia to attain on Iv a
1 . . V. .
lenP'th rtf trn i,iol
. t r i -
.nan, iue arerag weignt of tbe brain
?p e average
capaci of the eran.. of German, and
-t4 crmmaui cpnuuuea izz cuLic
The amount of blood in a health body
is about eighteen' pounds, or ten quarts.
The f eart is six inches in length and four
inches in diameter, and beats 70
utej 4.200 limes per hour, 100,800 times
I Deraav. 36J722flon UmMiur vor
" h threeW.Dd'te'n s
pcruay, ooja,ouu umes per year, 2,565,
tout ot it f 175 uncefl per mini
ponnda Dei? hod:7?. tub. dw. Tn n
SAi i:r- Z i .u L" V 1 "
through the aorta 1L500.000 tous of
blood; i '
The amount of eraetric iuiee secreted bv
iiie siomacu otaj welhred, grown person
has been estimated at from 60 to 80 onnrM
in twenty-four hours. 'A healthy stomach
contains no eastric mice except where
food is taken, and bv its contact with the
surface of the
the secreting organs to pour out the gastric
fluid in the requisite quantity. If the
stomacn is in a uealtny condition, and the
biaiul health v. the auantitv of fabric
juice generated M thrown out will be just
. - v - . w
Buracieni iar neaiinv aierestion. it Hih
condition of either organ be impaired, the
cient in quantity or ritiated in quality.
iec us siuav ourseires. that we mav
understand ourselves better. The DroDer
stuay ot mankitia is Max.
L.EAXDER (i. IjAGGERLY.
South Ilutler, N. Y.
ALADDIN IN CALIFORNIA.
TRANSMUTING BAE METALS
INTO PL RE GOLD.
A Chemists Wonderful Discovery Half
a million cj Dollars Manufac-
l turedtn lico Months -The
Coin Pronounced to be
the Purest Gold
1 Ever Put in a
From .the $an Francisco Chronicle, Aug. 11.
The following story, as reported to us,
has much of romance in it. but the future
may demonstrate its truth, revolutionize
wnuuicitc, uu ui&e me possessors oi tne
marvejl in talisman the veritahlo M idaa
of the (ninteenth century. It is sri83
than the discovery of a chemical piWss,
which,! when, applied to base nfetals,
stransmutes them into gold pure, shill
ing, rentable eold. The rumors of tbp
ing, rentable eold.
diamond discoveries in Arizoua have s ine-
what precipitated the disclosure of the
iacis we are aDout to relate, and through
I - v .mm I U UIU liliUI ill1 11 1 . WM
eonsidtrbis sutements too imnnm..i
I L . '.I I 11 . ...
oe wunueia trom tne Dutdic.
f XUE MODERN MIDAS.
qftJA,w m it i , ,
m 7 7". V. 7 a ,,'t,,, '"u,K,nS
It Lr"! ?- ' Pre81enledJ hi'
j T i - I 1 c""
" ed. an. ",terT,ev the manager.
t ' T ' ,occuP5ed with
I his CnR nvprhnritonol mil , "...... I ...
e ry. . "ur,B '.pa-
per discount, and rarrassed with the
fTt 8 of 11.88eI8 01! loans 'or which he
held eollatral in th hnr,';..:.,., .K,
viv"t ,,u irarrassea w-i
PPef 8 pnosses on loans for wh
collateral in the shapeof mining
8eemlnP7 descending on his hands
8UrveFd hl8 8UPf8 customer a
mrt.r;e rds of salt
u j t t l
nad falleo from the
sir can't do it. Very sorry but
t rt J
Ve HU r ',,BI? accom'Ufue
r owp Customers. Doing nothing on
' outsiae to-day, at any rates
1.bVlr?nS?r madJ no "P. but de"
P8ea; a leatnern valise on the banker's
i j..l j l i i i
uw vpeneu auq iook Halt trom It
"M,,!0,,W. petal, looking half like
f?Pperd! Ld,f bV " handed it to
am. . a da in nn nt mmuv n n.i
curiously, and returned, it savins- he was
no judge of mineral subtances. and no time
to study this particular specimen.
A CONFIDENTIAL PERSON'S
if lip unnld
The -itranger asked him
v.iww com i ue faw lit
he be kind enough tc s.
fidmtial person, ori wl
I .1 if. . ... I
know gold ff he saw it and, if not, would
. . - ;
hose judgment be
nd determine tl '
lid for some eon- i
raV'Jro f88af 1a e the
?? lu'P ftf
1 he proposition was relucfantlv fli-t.eP..,t
. . , j ......
to. Une of our most nrominent aam 1
i r- v i o
was summoned, and after examining tie !
excitement.! whpro ii name, tr.m i ..
r.-..rw ,...u iiK Minug, wnii visible .
ceiving jioj satisfaction; depaiitd, taking
It Wltll him nrnmSji'ni. . . .1 '
w" "u, uroiuisiusr to renort on it i
j ll . "
j- "u - v... 11, ;
. u,,e ai I,ool' I'unctnaily at j
r nav r.i. ...a . . A . . 1 . 11
metal. wohih hid iJl" Z , "Z I
""'I "M'c" uau ueen run into the torm
Lf a bar, and had all the appearance of
.u t . . . . Flarance oi
f . i- Ua u Y ".V"" ' ". 7
iuc oiumary goiu ingot ot commerce.
"Tbatjopks like gold," said the ban-
It h gaii lhe (t ,
a thousand fine the purest I have ever
put in alrucible."
akOther beaechixg test.
The stranger said nothing. The oth-
ers plied him with questions concerninr
the source from which it came. He civilly
but firmly declined to furnish anv inform-
ation, requesting them, as a further test
of its genuines s, to send it to the mint in
. I. t '. : . m . .1.;. .1
iuio v.njr mr coinage, x o (uis iney assen-
ted, and the bar was sent, with" other bars,
to the mint.: It was there again submit-
ted to lbs tests usual in such cases, and
the next j day-its value i was returned in
double eaglessomething more than eight
thnnaonil' 1itt1.M k.'U 1 1
tht credit of the now decidedly inter-
SALISBURY, N. C. SEPTEMBER
lie cnulH tl.i.a- nAi.s.U .i
, ... nuiui,t uui iuc uwutr
' r .i , - P
t iue eoia. ne ran ortr all tb min
; news of the public presrf for some record
of a sttike in tbe gold pr ducing district :
-and, if the truth must be told, he wished
!or 80Iue '"telligcnce of liudacious rob-
. beiy of the treasure-box fan upcou
stage, or of the rifling ol some bank or
assay oce,in which bis riw friend should
piay a prominent part
A SECOXD IXSTaLmeXT.
So well satUfied was lfe of the correct
ness ot this latter conject
on the point of advertisin
by him, under peculiar cir
re that be was
umstances, of a
I large quantity of refined 'gold, wheti the
ucppwiior appeared brft.feIng with him a
much larger piece of tLe same ruelal as
formerly, which, with some ceremony and
dignity, he submitted for inspection
This was done, and then the stranger in
quired if the banker was entirely satisfied
of its genuineness.
rfectly, perfectly," was the answer.
' It is gold. Where did you ret iif"
"I MADE IT MYSELF."
It is no wonder that the amaa'ng dis
closure almost unmanned the listener.
The stranger quietly said :
"I made it myself:" and after a pause
he added : I can make it by the ton. I
can freight a hip with . within a month
from the time I have enlarged my present
laboratory, as I am now about ir, da."
The banke r plied him with questions
as to Us locality, and with prayers to be
permitted to vUit the scene ot his mar
vellous labors, but to no purpose. He
then held up before the discoverer the
power which they would wield in the
community, the vast possessions which
they might acquire, and the certainly of
making together a tame unequalled since
the world began- He represented to liiin
the; impossibility ot concealment, except
with the aid of one situated like himself,
who could turn this new accession into
the now steady money n'deB of commer
cial exchanges and swell without destroy
ing them. He attempted to ehow him the
dargcr tohimsell from the chagrin of those
w hose val ues he mi h t i in ua'r oi des tro v and
tue neea ol cau.iou m
self his terrible secret.
.1 in . . . J
utilizing for him-
TUE SECRKT NOT DISCLOSED.
His bearer eat with impui turbable
counteuai.ee until the close of the banker's
harangue, and llun replied :
"I will make you the depository of my
gold. You may eontiol its is.-ue, and
we will together f hare the power it brings.
13ut my proctss mutt remain lorever
i.i my own heart. I shall never reveal it.
1 will! irinir Vim ... o f..... ,1.....
.... ,,, ,t uav8 iuore
than .m have now in ylr vaults. My
laboratory is near the lew Tark. in a
building which would attract no atten -
iioii, save noiu its dilapidated appearance, j ermine is so acutelv sensitive as to its
I was at work there duriig the most of own cleanliness that'it becomes paralvz
the past winter, and haveby degrees sue- ed and powerless at the slightest touch
ble wi,ln,.77r"b.r. f:..r:w,?r"''a"llement ot tssnowwhitefurwhen
""V 'iiuh. x nave
Rtvc-rai ways oi access l it and never
use the same way twice in t I
admit I have experienced some fear of
u.fcovery and attack, but my guaids are
my dogs.iand they arefaitilul and silent.
1 here is now more danger than ever in
the increasing volume of my product which
will need other means cf transporting
raw material and bringing it back in the
shape of gold than this old valise and my
THE CHEMIST'S LAB0KTORY.
He then turned to a convenient table
and wrote a few lines, which ! .n.li
in an envolope and handed t the lankr.
i in re is the direction to my retreat.
I shall return in a week with more gold,
and if I fail to come you miy know some
evil has befallen me. Then come to me."
The banker promised faithful obser
vance of the injunction, and with many
protestations ot mutual fidelity and good
will they parted. The paper has never
been opened and the manufacturer of
gold steadily and punctually reappeared,
u..gi.iKiu weeuiy enormous addition to
' e . "'" ot ,l,e L,,,k- eiid that
,U-re " ,,alf a mi,Il(n have been man
j ufactuied wiihi,, the past two mouths and
j deposited in the bank.
THE MANUFACTURED COIN IX CIRCULATION,
Some nf it liac Loan ...1 . . t
"JVV " -u:rieii into anu
put in circulation. Many of our readers
w ho believe they are hsi.dli n rr tUa nro
ic uniiuiiiig me pro-
ducts of our gold mines, now daily receive '
and n.ivmit il.ij Q..t.c., .1 c '
and payout this substance, created from
"etals by one of our most unobtrusive
c t zena smB r i,.,
. ""uiv v.. .i. nan uicu run iiio
i4Ai in uaiP, uiiu, plainp
ed with the brand and records of our most
lamous rennerr. anrl lias bon m . im
i .t. P . '
banking institution on a colossal scale", to
l. ..Lit, 1 . ..
v. . .-luun.-ui u un me couiiiurauveiy smalt
. . .
beginning of one of our noted banks and
beginning of one of our noted banks, and ,
ITa a " V eXch'ne
-""'"- r "l" o. lue proaucts ,
ot tne world. I he scheme is vast, pro
portioned to tne power which two men
bold in their grasp. It is frightful to re
fltct what may be on the result of their
ambi;ion, if it should pass beyond its
present reasonable limits.
An Artificial Man. X Paris journal
ist tells of a man, recently arrived in that
city, who is the victim of a steam boiler
explosion to such an extent as to make
necessary the following additions to what
was-left of nature's handiwork after acci
cident : One wooden arm aud two wooden
legs, a glass eye, a nose made from the
skin of the forehead, a silver jaw, a palate
composed of a bit of caoatchoue, and a
stomach consisting of a sort of truss. He
will make the tour of Europe as an artis
"The mother of true wisdom is th will."
SMOKING WHAT THE HABIT
DOES FOR BOYS.
A certain doctor, struck , vith the
.sy. , UVK ' n IIU 11JC
i - .
laree number ol bora nm or 1 i
r i i i . i
was led to inquire into the cflect the
habit had upon the general health.
He took for his purpose 38 boys, aged
from 9 to 15, and carefully examined
them. In 22 there were various dis
orders of the circulation and digestion,
palpitation of the heart; and a more
or less marked taste for strong drink.
In 12 there was frequent bleeding of
the noise, 10 had disturbed sleep, and
12 had slight ulceration of the mucous
membrane of the month, which disap
peared on ceasing from the use of to
bacco for some days.
The doctor treated them all- for
weakness, but with little effect until
smoking was discontinued, when health
and strengh were soon restored.
Now, this is no "old wife's tale," as
ihesii facts nre given on the authority
of the British Medical Journal.
A Lady Visits Heaven-and Re
turns to Earth. On the 7th, Mrs.
Gardner, wife of a farmer living near
Eastman vi lie, Ottowacounty, died un
der circumstauces the most extraordi
nary. Two of her sisters were dead,
one recently, only a few weeks ago.
The cause of Mrs. Gardner's death was
a congestive chill, and after she had
been consdered dead for six hours and
was being prepared for the grave, she
returned to consciousness and talked
freely with her attendants. She stat
ed to those around her that she had
been to the better land and had seen
both of her departed sisters with other
friends; that it was a most beautiful
land beyond all description! She
said that she had permission to return
to tell living friends of what she had
seen, but that she was anxious to again
return, bhe passed away 60on after
making her statement and seemindv
overflowing with iov and hanninM
There cau be no question as to the cir
cumstances above relaUd. Detroit Tn
A BEAUTIFUL SENTIMENT.
iiie lollowiug beautiful sentiment
was recently uttered by Judge L. T.
"The idea that the judicial officer is
supposed to be vested with ermine.
i i . .......v,
tnoi'J? tabulous and mythical, is yet
! Inore eloquent in its significance. We
1 are told that the little creature called
the hunters are oursuinr It tl.ov Cnr,
,..:l i i i- i'"v"
V,th "lire the pass lead.ng to tts haunts,
- - - - .j ...... iu no iiuum:
. toward which they then draw it. know
ing that it will submit to be captured
rather than defile itse f. Ami n i;L-
sensibility should belong to him who
comes to exercise the august Unctions
oi o utige.
EFFECTS OF ELECTRICITY ON
Mr X. A. Willard, iu his address be
foie the Northwestern Dairymen's Asso
ciation, gave the following interesting
Mr. Andrew Cross, the celebrated Eng
lisli experimenter, considered that the
roots and leaves of plants were in opposite
Biaies 01 electricity, dome ot bis expeii
ments in tins direction are very interest
ing. He cut two branches from a rose
tree. They were as nearly alike as pos-
sioie, wiin 1 ne same number of buds, and
00111 equally mown. An arrangement
was made Yy which a negative current of
.. vn i.ijr M9 pi-cru luroiigu one, and a
positive current throuirh the othr fn
few hours the negative rose drooped and
died, but the positive continued it (r, -.
ness for nearly a fortnight ; the rose itself
1 1 1 t ....
Decame lull blown, and the buds expand
eu ana survived an unusual length of
time. Again, he was able to keep milk
iui nine itkb in me hottest
weather of summer, by the application of
a ,.r . :.: i ..
sweet lor three weeks in Hh ,ni,.i
vi.iiiil i po-iiivt riecinciiy.
On one occasion he kent fish
e kent hsne nnir
tne electric action for three months, and
at the end of tbatjjuie they were sent to
a friend, whose domestic knew nothing of
the experiment. 11 fore the cook dressed
them, her master asked h. r whether she
thought they were fresh, as he had some
doubts. She renin d ili:it kh. ......
.i . . . .
'hey were fresh ; indeed, she would swear
I . ------ .Mw " -o cult:
that they were alive yesterday. When
served at table, they appeared like ordi
nary fish, but when the family attempted
to eat them, they were found to be per
fectly tasteless the electric action had
taken away all the essential oil, leaving
the fish unfit for food. However, the
process is exceedingly uc. M f r keeping
fish, meats, Jcc , fiei.li aud g.-oj for ten
days or a fortnight.
Now, this is consistent with our obser
vation aod the facts known to every one
io the habit of handling miik. When the
coudition of the atmosphere is iu a nega
tive electrical state, or shows a deficiency
of positive electricity, a state of weather
which we designate a sultry, close, mag
gy, and the like, there is always difficulty
in keeping milk sound. Even iu good,
healthy milk, the fungous germs, eommou
to all milk, increase and multiply with
great rapidity, producing tbe common lac
tic acid fermentation, or louring of the
fluid ; bat in case of fungi from decom
posing animal or vegetabl matter come ia
contact with the milk, rapid decompo.i-
tion takes place, and, we have rotten, milk,
putrid odors and Hosting cm ds. Tbe ex
posing of each curds to the atmosphere
as well as the aeration of milk to improve
its condition are both philosophical, be
cause these minute organisms of fungi
are effected by the oxygen ot the air,
which checks their development and mal
Tbe influences of electrical action is a
question entirely new to tho dairy public,
but it is oue concerning which Itbiok
some useful suggestions present them
selves for our consideration. When the
electrical equilibrium is disturbed, or
when the slate of the atmosphere indicates
a preponderance of negative electricity,
we are all aware of the fact by its depress
ing influences. At such times it is impor
tant that we tks more than ordinary care
in ths handling of milk ; that it be kept
out of hirmful odors; that attention be
iven to its aeration and such treatment
be given it as shall -be inimical to lb
growth aod development of fungi.
And again, the fact that milk may be
kept sweet a long tiro? in hot weather by
electrical action will offer a very impor
tant suggestion to iuventois in the preser
vation of milk, and pei haps in the im
provement of cheese factoiies. 1 believe
that we are only on the threshold of
the cheese-making art, and that as we
become acquainted with the laws of na
ture and their application, great progress
is yet to be made in every branch of dairy
PARAFFIN E DESTROYING LICE
A correspondent inqaireswhat par af
fine is and whether it can be used for the
destruction of lice on fowls. Paraffine,
propeily so called is a solid, and cannot
very well be used for the purpose named
but there are numerous tarajfinc oils that
might be so used, and with good effect
under som) circumstances.
Paraffine was first obtained from wood
tar. It is a white, waiy-lonking sub
stance, without last or smell, aud it is not
at all greasy. It resists the action of acids,
alkalies and chlorine, and hence was tl
ed paraffine, because it seemed to be with
out affinity. It has been procured iu con
siderable quantity fmra peat, and many of
the readeis of Rural ma A remember the
enthusiasm wi:h hich was hailed the an
nouncement that the pat-bog of Ireland
could be made to yield unlimited quanti
ties of a beautiful white mineral wax which
was tn drive tallow, oil and ordinary max
out of the maket for illuminating pur
poses. The parnffiue oils are vtry simi
lar iu constitution to kctocue, aud ate
used in similar lamps.
When oily substances .ire ustd for de
stroying insects, they act in the following
way : Almostall insects breathe through
holes in their sides, known as spiracles,
these sipracles b-ing connected with a
curious set of tubes known as tracheae,
which take the place and perform tbf same
functions that the lungs do iu the higher
, ... ... .
animal. V hen the body of an insect is
smeared with oil these suiracles are clot
ed, and the insect is suffocated, aud a it
has no power of blowing out any foreign
matter from these spiracles as e do from our
uiouuis ana noses, it lias no power of teut
: I ' : r
nig me application oi ou or grease. Hence
grease is one of the best applications when
. . . ...
uie nigner animals are mtes'ed with exter
nai parasites ; but when bens are sitting
ou eggs lor tbe purpose of hatching it wil
not do to grease their leathers, as in their
case me grease is transferred to the eggs,
cioes tne pores aud prevents certain pro
cesses which are necessarv to incubation
Find dust seems, however to be nearlv
as effectual as grease, for it clogs up the
iraciuae ol the paraeites and kills them.
ii. .i . ....
nence uie poer ol the so called insect
powders, and hence the fondness of hens
and other siltirg birds for w hat is known
as du-t-bath. The best powdrr in com
mon use, however, and one that is rx r.
fectly safe, is sulphur. It is best applied
"una pepper box or hour-dredger, and
shouldbe dusted very throughly between
hm? learners and over the ejfs and nest
i. . i ,
r uave ineu it and can speak for its
RADICAL USE OF THE NEGRO
It was not supposed that when the ne
pro wan invested with the franchise he
would have more than one vote. That
wa as much as was allowed the white
man, and no one imagined a uccro rouM
exercite a greater u mount of sufTerafre for
.i i i . . .
tue puonc good. Uut our Radical (iov
ernment, in its desperation, holds a differ
ent opinion. There is now t.n lonir
aouoi, but that the Radicals of Wasbire
j,. . .. .
iun cuy sent several hundred negioes
irom inai city to vole in rwih Carolina
at the last election. The Patriot states
that seven hundred were shipped on a
steamer to Noifork. and thence tent bv
rail to their destination. Tbe W a hi op
to n correspondent of the Herald trivet the
following item in conformation of the fact :
I he Colored Vote is North Car
olina. The statement having been de
nied that colored men left this city and
voted at the recent election in North Car
olina, the L beral Republican Committee
in mis cuy has already in its possession
the affidavits of over fifty colored men
who voted in that f'tate at the last elec
tion. The Patriot affirms that the same game
is to be played in Pennavlvania that
Camekox his already made provision for
large importations; and a correspondent
ol ibe Baltimore Garette chronicles the
arrival of two ear loads from the Vallev
of Virginia at Cbsmbersburg and Harris-
ourg men u t tug.
When God's flail of adversity is upon
we Should not be ike the chaff which
flies in to tbe face of the tbretber. bnt
ike the precious min which lies at his
From ih Ourlou Ieacrax.1
THE GOLD MINES OF MECKLEN
No. long since a test by assay was
made in the city, of New York of tht sa)
phuretie gold ores taken from the Wilson
Mine io this county, belongiog to J. If. '
Towusend of New llaveo, Connecticut,
which proves very conclusively the im
mense value oi tbe sulphur tie brown ore
veins in the oaart famnUn f Ult....
barg county East and West of Charlstte.
Nr. J. T. Clark tba 8aperiuteudeat
of the Wilson Mine, used for soma times
ten stamp battery, and til m&kStvr nut
m w . - -mw w
of ibe ore from fifty t aiitr doIUr
ton, which was cousllrrrdby mtT Udj
tn tbe community a splendid yield; bat
from variwus teat mLi Af tt. -n...
from Lis battery, be was satisfied that thm
largest portion of the gold escaped, aod
could not be collected by the ordinary era
cess oi mining, l berelore be bexed ap
and sent to New York three or four tons
of his ore to be tried bj fire assay. The
result oi this experiment proved tbe ore
to be worth $755 per ton, showing very
clearly that he had lost $700 oat of every
ton he had put through Lis mills.
Now these are facts worthy of the con
sideration of every person now engaged
or who ma V hrrrftr- n ta rA tn it.
mining business. Can the rrfrartorr area
of our quartz veius be assayed with simi
lar result s on a larre scale! If so. then
there is no mining ronnir in th n-M
superior to old Mecklenburr couoiy. N.
v. a ui.iv ou iruuiao in getting out toe
or in Urge quauitirs, bat we have here
tofore found very great trouble in gttticg
the gold nut of it
Mr Clark, who has managed his mine
admirably fiom the begiooing, aod has
taken a large quantity of ore from the veins
a hich aie inexhaustible, very soon discov
ered that he was not gettiog near all tbe
gold his ore contained, very pronerly used
tbe precaution to save all the tailings
from bis mill. These ta.linra ar
just to a proper condition to t assayed.
na accoraitig to tbe test above referred
to th r.; is enough on hand at the mine to
make a large sum of money.
This Wilson Mine has besn works-?
down to the depth of three hundred ff
by an inclined shaft, through L' n m.!
the ore and waste dirt from tbe to i.p is
drawn up on a railroad by mean ( a
steam engine which affords ample powrr
besides for milling purposes. But with
out stopping to lake oat tbe ore, except
as they cut through it with their tnt nels,
they have beeu pressing on, exr!oring
tbe ruiue, until they have established its
permatietiey beyond doebtribd It U imr
ouo of the best mines in the United Stales
The McGinn Mine is situated or the
same side of Merklrtiburg cOunlv with
the Wilson Mine, and very near tie cel
ebrated old Tapps Miue, it being cm cf
the veins hading from the Csppl Mine.
This mine is also in successful operation
under the management of Mr Pond, an
intelligent California miner, who is using
a sump mill with copper plates differen
tly arranged and differently prepared for
catching the gold from anything that we
ever h id in this county, and 1 under
slaud be is producing the wonderful
results fiom it in the way of making
g-dd, and no doubt w ill bring about a gnat
revolution iu mining interests of the coun
The old Capps Mine is still lying idle.
Practical miners from California and else
where come out bete, they hear f this pro
perty, go to m-. it, walk iv. , the b ll and
see ht a pte.it ..ni'..!ri! ,f okhas been
done there ; h.-ar trom t!.?- popi. bow
rich its gold ores are, asi'i 1 1;-. luge qnan
lily of gold it bus yielded, and Mr tho
immense piles of refused ore lying upon
the surface containing gold enough to pay
for the mine twice over. They all want
the mine and talk about buying it, but
finally back out, afraid of tbe cost. And
thus, this valuable property with its mag
nificent gold veins, is permitted to lie idle
fiom year to year, while men, pratieal la
other things, c,me here and purchase oth
er and inferior mines, because they get
them cheap, and aft-r workingawhile fall
and go back Lome cursing the gold mines
in North Carolina became they failed, as
they would fail in any other business
wiih the same management.
As a general thing r have bad as few
failures in the gold mines of this part of
North Carolina as they have had io Cali
fornia and Colorado. Gentlemen wLi
have visited both countries say that lis
North Carolina mines, in this section ir;
just as good as the Western tnioc. an:
the average y.eld of the ores richer. A '.
l..t i. ... . . j . ,
California country in tbat we can work a.
t nitr a rrni lariuurt orer l.j-
the vear while llirv can an r amk (,, -.
April to Nov mb r, and we pay oor L :. '.
from seventy-five cents to one dolUi-
a half per day. while th v Dav their Lr :,
from three to five dollars per day. .
provisions of ajl kinds high in proporti
wood from fifteen to twentr dolla -
The Canterbury Cathedral. crF
tbat was damared bv fire'tL, .,:i..cr
and seriously threatened with d.strurticji
is one of the most ft moos iu that rououy
or in tbe world. In it iL . 1. 1.-.,4
Thomas A'lkcket was marJtted. His
shrine was once visited by t l.unar.dj of
pilgrims. Tbe steps that ni m m ara
well-worn. There is a coiiucs ritt...
pavement in front r.f the si f ine Wl-v
old Harry VIII had th L... . f.U-
" - a auo
Archbishop borned. aod the ahrin
stroyed. The Catlnslral is verv eld, jts
foundation bavins; been laid I? -!...
ago, in A. D. 597. Many cuuotrt relics
ana many iomos commetDormUve of scm
of England's famous men are gathered
withio the walls of this ancient d;fif
ortunsuiv these htstorie tronhU. k..
been preserved, although so erWly
threatened with destruction, Semtimd.