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I he Carolina Watchman.
: Z -a-.aw isiifttfl QlTTflBHRV XT n TANTTABV 1,4 l Qsyje " ?
uaj. aaxxaw kjm , , . . I i mi. oo. WHOLE KO.
J. J. BRUNEB,
Proprietor Mid EdltO! .
J. J. STEWART
The Fence Question.
Ms. Editor : At the fanners eeem to
be peaking out, through your paper, to
the present Legislature in regard to their
interest, I have concluded to make a state
ment of a tew facts and figures in regard
to the fence question, or rather the No
Fence Question. And in order that there
be a proper understanding of the impor
tance of this question, I will notice first,
ar -ft y-w i S a ft I t
A. payable in advaue.e e- " the ezpenseol Keeping in repair tne teiices.
.T ! IM I hannened to know the expense on
HIT MI1K I not . - rr -
5 Copies to ant address
10.0 two fitrmji the past year, 1874, ol the fenc
ing. These two farms paid tor the year
AD VERT I HI K A 1 I lb?3) nboat one hundred dollars State and
.--, Ro.T are (1 inch) One insertion $100 County taxes. 1'here were twelve thou
OllS liu vo l ft0 Hi at fi hundred,
. ......I...,- nf imurliniiM t J J M 11 . t I I
o.. fnr a irrenicr - maaitir sixi v uouai s. i ue cobi oi unu
Or - . - niAPA w
ierate. Special notices 26 per cent, more , Jj j.,., tie j,, IM, lbft f.,,,. w-
t i.i- niciriMr ncn"'- -.-. a is i ii .i
5 rents per line for each and every insertion
forty-five dollars, or five dollars more than
I than the Stale and ''tunny taxes. And
besides this, there was a new feuee made
on one ol lb farms, the cost of whieh was
ahout tWHtity riv- dull. us, making, with
the new tet.ct-. lb sum t ne hundred
and thirty dollars. Now I think that we
might put the cost of fencing down as
! equal to ibe n f and Comity taxes, aod
i mil an bevond the iu.uk. The. ha
i only to turn to the Auditor's s atem-ut
'aod we shall fiot loom aatoMabttSfHi that
I the cost ot touring in ihis, Aoimmi (inty
alone is tile enormous atuout toi $22 440,
00 annually. And by taking the trouble
of deducting the taxes derived from other
sources than the laoded properly and
property connected with the farms,
Till,' VAVOlllik HOME UtiMKDY
Is eminentW Vmf Mldltlst d by be could very nearly approximate lue cost ot
: u . ....ti, i..r itiimi'ilnite reori win saee
rasnr an hour of suffering end many a dollar
in nd doctors' bill. .... ...
Ifler oter Forty Yenrs trial it is still re
ceiving the mos unqualified testimonials to its
virtues from nscsons of the highest character
and respansibiliiy. Eminent pby-dciaas com.
aind it as the most
For all dUcases of the Liver, Stomach and
The 8YMTOMS of Liver Comphifnt are
a bitter or bad taste in the mouth ; Pain in the
Bark, Sides or Joints, often mistaken for
Rheumatism ; 8oca Stomach ; Loss of Appe
tite ; Bowels alternately cwtive and lax ;
Mradacbe ; Ls of memory, with a painful
aeusaiioaof bavina failed to do something
which ought to hsve been done ; Debilitv. Low
Hniriu ft thick telh.w atnearance of the Skin
and Eyes, a dry Cough often mistaken for Con
sumption. Sometimes many of these symtom attend the
disease, at others very few ; but the LlVK, the
larfesl organ in the body, is generally the seat
f tbe disease, nhd if not Regulated "J "me.
great suffering, wretchedness and DEATH will
T5 DYSPEPSIA, CCNSTIPATION, Jaun
dire, KWaus attacks, SILK HEAD VCH. Colic,
Depression of Suirits, SOUR STOMACH,
Heart Burn, Ac., Ac. .
The Cheaest and Purest Family Medicine in
the world !
Manufaetnretl only by .
J H ZBI1XWACO..
Maooi Ga., and Philadelphia.
Price $1.00. Sold by all Uiuggisis.
OH HEARING THE STEAMBOAT
BELL TOLL WHILE PASSING MOUNT
Tbe following beautiful lines were
wiitten by J. Strieker Bradford, Esqr., of
Back ninety years on History's page
And when the Nation's Ufa was young ;
When men there were both brave and sage,
Whose deeds and names have since been sung ;
Men of a stamp whose honor stands
In oonlrast to the custom now ;
Men of pure hearts and stainless hands,
With truth impressed upon each brow ;
One sacred nsme and ai I the rest,
On tented Field, 'mid battle's brunt,
Where 'ere the serried squadrons pressed,
His victor helm was st the Front,
From Halls of State, sedate and wise,
la after daya when peace was won
H is fame ascended to the skies, -
And Heaven had claimed her Washington.
His dust now lies beneath the mound
Thst rises by Potomac's shore,
Too lately shaken by the sound
Of deadly strife and cannon rn.tr,
But could thai dust have risen then.
And have resumed living firm,
To marshal into ranks the men
Whose peerless valor lr..v,,i the siorai ;
We should not he whm now we nr .
We would noi see w.i it w 'e seen ;
But risen from success! nl w ir,
Virginia' fields wouUI nil he grim.
Yifgiaia's sons again may shake
Her grand old banner to the breeze;
4fe Semper, yet 'again may wake
Wild echoes over Southern leas.
Toil, toll the hell.
As tbe boats pass by ;
Toll, toll the bell,
For the soul on high.
Each southern heart, at the solemn sound,
Its homage yields to the aainted dead ;
While mournful memories cluster round
8he shows where southern blood was ahed :
And spirit of the good and brave,
'7 ho died defending "sacred right,"
I Keep silent watch around hia grave.
And shadowy forms, by day ami night,
fair haried boys and stalwart men,
With tattered garb and hungry eyes,
ill march by hill and glade and glen
And gather there in wild surprise,
I'bey guard tbe grave, they wait the hour,
Their sons and kinsmen to inspire.
rben once spun, in steadfast power,
The southern heart shall throb with fire.
leucine in the State
And now, Mr Editor, in view of these
facts and figures, what we want is a law
that will save as from this burdensome
tax. I do not propose Pi sav what this
law shall be, 1 take it that our Legislators
are capable of forming a law without tin
"soft soap" proviso And these are not
only my own individual opinions, but
they are also those of sora of tin oldes
planters iii the county who have large
stocks and an abuudance of limber for the
purpose of fencing in their plantations
and whose opinions ate entitled to consideration.
It is said that in Germany there are no
R. N. Craves has his good shares of con
solidated laid away, and a slice of California-of
unknown dimension the profits
on both of which would to-day net him
over $200,000. Gen. Tom Williams, of
Nevada Sharon Democratic opponent
for the Senate has made over $2,000,
000, so that when the next political fight
comes off the general will be about as
well "qualified" for tbe Senate as any
body. The amount nf money made by
the great firm of Flood & O'Brien during
the last six mouths must be unparal
leled. It is understood that there are
four part tieis in the firm; J. C. Flood and
W. 8. O'Brien, in tins city, John Mackay
and James G. Fair, in Virginia City.
They uwn a coin rolling interest in each
of the mines mentioued say 60,000
shares of each t 'nneolidaied Virginia sold
yesterday after I he board at $400 per
share, and California at $360. If the
number of shares credited io the firm is
correct, tit' v are wmtb. in these two mines
alone, $45,600 000, or a i title over eleven
million dollars apiece.
In the midst of their vast "flood"
of wealth these gentlemru have not been
unmindful of l heir poor friends, and there
are scorea nf men and omen, too, in San
Francisco who have beeu suddenly lifted
out of poverty s iron grip by a timely bint
from Flood fc O'Brien.
Many people have made money who
are not known on the Course. Tlmy be
long to that class who "never touch stocks,
sir !" who -end in their orders in a round
a It. nit way, pretty much as tbe late ec
centric W B. Bourn used to do, "to
cover up his tracks," and who quie;ly
bank their profits, button up their crats,
and turn up their noses when tbey pass
Calilornia street. Many of ibe fair sex
have pronied by the exctteuieut. 1 here
STOCK OhaCLES AMONG THE LADIES
as among the gentlemen. They get
'.I aw,,..!.. I.nm I 1 1 1 i rr 1. 1 i 1 I i ii 1. 1 i
iinil uiiiiiir iit.tu in ii ' n't'
hieuds, and cointnuiiTcate with each other
by mysterious signal. A few days since
a ladv uatutd Mrs. A. called upon her
fiieud Mrs. B tKks came up for dis
cuss ton. Mrs. IS. said she never dealt In
Timely farm and Flantatlon TO-1 From the Daily News.
PACS- Water Power of North Tamil
This gentleman sets so exasanla t tW
young men of tbe eoantrv whieh -A -''
will do well to copy. Mr. 8twurtss ak4 .
place of busrneee ai about $ o'clock every
morning. He tides in an omnibus when
it anil a 1. 1. ...
cvuvrmencc. He roes to Mr
at bom of mor abi iim, Tumi i we saw ...JrUi
JS !" "fo h which kmVmda HZ
Tl. 0Jt. r ft. t
rr rv- j ni fki T.n!,;-. - I . -" r " vrmm wni 10
j.tcu vncu x "V- nroaa sutements are frequently made bare burst loner upon this kralui L..J.
A friend who has devoted much atten- regard to tbe manofacuring capacity A deluge of in iq city, deep, black and
tion to vegetable physiology, especially in ov the State. Those who take an interest horrible, surges and roan across tbe con
ns relation to agriculture, lately showed maiier win oe gtad to nave sotneMinent. from Maine to Mexico, bilin
ns two interesting specimens of dried aennne tacts ana ngurua. I be following 1 ot fandemon in m'g lava lake dash
plants. One was the common oat, which I statements, tbe result or a great many ebon spray a rat net rest
the botanists class among the Grnminca, aneasutemenls and calculations, give a I f n. Never since the first
or grasses, and the other vetch, a lego- reasonable approximation to tbe truth of tal race became a fratricid
mtnous plant, silted to tbe garden pea. the lue matter : sera pn guarded falls of Paradise, has
bean, the lupines and the clovers. Tbe rtrsx, l heoretical Estimate. The mm tne sickened and groaning earth beheld
plants had been grown fp flower pots, of all the river lengths in the State is aeh a carnival , of wickedness shame
from which the ball of earth bad been about 3.000 miles ; tbe sum of their falls K very sod nf half a hemisphere reeks
taken and carefully washed away from ' 30,000 feet, or an average of 10 feet ta with tbe blood ol slaughter. Every breeae is
the roots, leaving them unbroken and en- the nie- Allowing 100 boree powers to burdened with the wail at the uioagad
tire. Tbe oat plant, or rat her clomp of the foot of falls as aa average for an ftvej outraged. Every newspaper preea iu all
plants, presented a mass f roots which erge river, as for Haw River, for instance) our wide domain staggers beneath its
wmitrl liblw v ttnlrknislk ika - the aUUIUTata result for t Via riv.ri .Inn. dad V rftrnrfl rf .i. I.L. J . -.t
ving farmer, and open his eyes to the ne- (taking no aeconnt of hundreds of creeks, that would hare appalled the very funds ?ZT-?ll Homt tke eaUSelousdtSB
cessity of giviug hie . crop breadth and and many very large one.,) is 3,000,000 generation ago. Tbu winged Hgha- uaasaal " ' ' kli. m T
d. pth of soil, as well us K"Wlhiug to feed horsepower. Adding 16 percent., for ninge themselves have grown wearv aad n 1 i ?"l'""f','r
upon. The bulk and weight of the root lhe creeks, the aggregate is 8.1SM1 uuukfui ut heart, uf tsesau? eves keartaeswAsW 1 ..lla. . . T"?sw(aMBTisl
were, we think, two io one at least as com MO. of baseness, broujitv and infamr. Hell's k- Lin. ,..,tll , ,p " . T,lVis4
" eusm aeaw PWeW
wm 7K merchant who doe
860.000, and owes fire
Covered with canvas drawn ever koupl
"l.r - l box, and iTb?
veuiete niled with parceU -tas-i f
Broadway into WaH strert fn the eeev
with tbe driver sat tbe merchant ea-iswr
aa carelt-ee of the remarks uf - K
ought alwajt to be. Mr
ptewatt got out ,n front of Drexell's
stocks It was a dangerous business and
Fhe Secr'tary of he Ohio Agri- I demoralising. Presently in came a me
Society iu traveling thrnmrh I seueer. 11 said : "Mrs. B.. 1 am sent
Germany speaking of the country near I by Mrs. 0. wild this echanlillou ut black.
Dresden, Says : "c very foot of laun nut.
iu forests is cultivated. There arc no
fences ; the field is plowed up to the road
side, and fruits and flowers are grown by
every roadside that I have traveled; no
one disturbs them. The cattle, sheep and
swine are kept iu the stables, or, if taken
out, are under lhe charge of a shepherd or
herdsman. Here and there doited over
tbe landscape we saw sheep in pasture,
l.... I .
mi o.ive seen no cat ue ur fwiiir
ground. In the vetch, on the contrary, average elevation of the State above sea and ber foul catalogues expended to ae- nnt
tne proportion was reversed the i oots ieei. nun Deen em mated commodate onr demoidca le inrnnmm
making not more than one-third of the at 550 fet ; but a careful compulation advances in guilt.! Crimes tor which oar
entire bulk. Now tbe vetch, like the Wl" g,re he former figure as much near- fathers bad no names, now flaunt thm.
clovers, is found to be exceedingly rich I i T the truth. Tbe average animal rain I selves, in open day, on all our streets in
Hy aaanUnw and peradine ike
streets, while seen Hue Mr. fttueran V a.
riding ia a bergs gr-er on or wediaa tkn
as ii m
L..L. I L.
IV liu "11 1IC1G.
I am, yours, &c,
On the Fbnce.
Wadesboro,.Dcc. 23, 1874.
From the San Franciaco Chronicle.
THAT "BIG BONANZA."
Alladdin's Lamp Cast in the shade
the Ladies Get Their points.
"The Comstock's the place, after all,
my boys 1" remarked a veteran sage
brush opei a tor, as with spectacles on sfiis
nose and ineleucholy smile, be noted 'Con-
Mrs, savs it is cheap at any price, and
you had belter get thirty or forty yards
tor a full suit. This brown silk may be
good, hot she doesn't know whether ii
will wash well." Mrs. A. didu t under
st a i d the message. Mis. B. instantly
aroee and said : "Excuse me, ma chcre. a
message from my dresmaker ; I uiuSl
go dowu to the White House and attend
to it at once ; as a surprise for hubby
he 1 -vrs blck silk.' Mrs. A. retired
and a few moments thereafter Mrs. B.
as a I V
might have been seen enteiing tile otnv.e
B. C & Co , broker-, where an order whs
left for forty shares of Consolidated Vir
ginia and twenty shares of California as a
flyer. As this occurred a week since,
Mrs. B can realize quite alot of pin
money, even after dividing wilh Mrs. C.
There is honor among the female opera
tors. Who ever gets the point first, and
communicates it, is entitled to one-half
the profi s. Asa reueral rule the points
are reliable. How the women get I ho,
points is a question open for discussion.
But they do.
at. Hie credit ia - - - ' '
earns Lfal "f- The other via a
gentleman whoee farther failed la Wall
in nitrogen, and therefore very valuable mis aiaie is o niches. It we sup an our nigh places. Matricide, patricide, be th. hiUr. -wJL. mZT "
as a green soiluig crop. When ploughed pone 70 per cent, of Ibis amouat to ee fcatrieidr, fratrkide, sororicide iu- wife bud settled . w'w'.
iit.H.,i ii nnii..l.i,j il,u ami K I CJI DC DV e V ft nfl T t inn vhi.h pMUki,.. I Nnlifiita nH . n i . . ,1 . .LJ . I ... r wmmm mmi
i 1 "7 a ii 1 ' 1 I - u ivjc, wjucikjh, seaoc- eetate Tne cams-
iKn n nnln.it niifnui nXmtfA I ble CStimat. certaiiilv tint tM amftll lkM tinn r.-.ktuirv I I a I . . .
u.i M , 1 1 . , . v. ,i w vo i rial i hi ivi . J -.w.ww " , .'. i s i , r , biiuii si u ml IB LI mp n L
. ... ....... . I : , oi i i . , i i ... -
W here and bow this and similar plants 1 af meaieu eu ue carried on by emoessiement, swindling, riot and mass tors But th ik- 4 -j l
get the vast amonnt of nitrogen, which drainage. This gives 46,000,000,000 aere, public and nrivete pillage, salary lecky on ibe hoi mf'"!1 .
they store up io eurich the soil, is perhaps t0', which will develop 5,300 horse pow grabs, railroads bond piracies and every whieh smoke was' then aeTaaeM -'
an open question, it was lormely be- K" k' ,UUfc maaing a toiai ot a,- aoomination wnico the name racked ima
lieved that plants like vetch, garden peas, 369,676 boree powers, which is just equal gi nation of man or devil nasi conceive
buckwheat, etc., whose roots are compare- to he entire power of all tbe steam eogines these heinous, terrible, sooi-sickeuing, are
lively small and limited extension, absorb uf Kuglnnd, both stationary and loco mo- tbe ever whirling Iguree in our mad dance
ammonia directly from the atmosphere llVe- Tbe correspondence of these iudV to destruction ; and preachers, govern-
through their leaves. Laie experiments pendent estimates ia very notable, and ia era, senators, chief justices and presidents
seem to show conclusively, that this is confirmatory of the estimate above given set the example and lead the way. Asesarh.
not the case. They get it through the for the average elevation of the Sute. nation has beco mo eel i mated. ' Murders,
roots exclusively, bat it still appears ear- We have here, therefore, en amount uf which would shock aod shako all to rope
tai . thai it must bo tbe at mosubere which ,orce which would require for its artificial to the core, are treated aa trifles. Srnun.
supplies it. It ia (in iu elements) in tbe development an annual consumption of drele, whose plenbVringa of ike people bT "f Griewcid, at Cleavusaad, Okka,
air, the rains and the dew which permeate "erly 4,000.000 tons sf coal. It would mount into tens dnd hundreds A tbous- ciIB" Ourder. a aagro, bought a ticks
lie soil, and in that laboratory nf nature, course be an endless task to gauge all ends, instead uf paying tbe penalty of cl 10 lM flreM circle of ike Academy of
decomposed and made available iu the the streams of the 8tate ad so get the their villainies in the eUtee price, parade in that dty, aod was refused ad
form of ammonia These facts, thus ggregate of their actual force, but the our streets with unblushing front and mi,ion lo tbe seet as indicated on the
brefly and imperfec.ly stated, teach sev measurement ot a few f the larger rivers proclaim themselves gentlemen The licot, the msasajn telling bias tkat k
eral lessons of immense practical value to art' given as having per aps an interest of very fountains of justice are polluted could early go into the gallery. GarsWui
the farmer. J. That different classes of their own. Popular sentiment sides with so-called brought a su:t, and has it decided aramst
p'ants have different modes nf feeding, as
shown by their roots. 2.
leguminous plants, and pro
them, iu a greater or less degree, are pur- I i using tins as an average tor ed. 1 be whole saiaajtrj is rotting
.. .. . r . .. I. . r J 1 III In It II . Dil.ii rmm ll.nm . I. VA I I a . I . 1 - .
re j mi o oi no rogcoous piaiit toon, ana - - viumw mi i ei- umc. rwaieTicans i mere must be a re-
should therefore be made use nf as greeu don, between which places the fall is 356 formation among o, or the judgmsolt of
soilinr crops to enrich the land fur the '''et lo1-11 horse powers is in round God will fall, surelv. swiftlv and he.eilv
e ft - . . ... - aw r -r - - m
numuers aOout 1ZU.UUU. 1 be Yadkin unon ua. b-inenk-r ftl .j n..
mnrrah ; their wildest dreams of oollniinn
A Dactsioir as to t oloxxd Pbopls'i
RlOlTi , Tal S A TEBa. The ever-ru-.
curnng queeUen of ra eluding regrue frees
i or a tree is Uie select ef a fresh decWieu
xoe n.onoae, measured ut 11 asktu's respectable enmtnab. Purchasable juries Bl e rtswoid rules that, alt bough
That certain 'rry, at lowest stage ot water, gives ap- refuse to convict them, or purchasable eTerj eiu'n stands oo a legal equality.
bat ly all ot Pru,""M"J noree powers per loot executives easily pardon tbem if convict- " rH"'7 es not apprrtam to eoeiei
al tar ll,r or ,a MJ maaaer effect tne fulls jr.
i i ii s a
grains and the Ulire bearing plants, tbe
lime and other ash element s being cheap
ly obtainable to complement tbem. 3
That in view of the fact that the fertilis
ing elements which an: elaborated in the
soil come so largely from the atmosphere,
it is of lhe utmost importance that the
cult i cation, so that air
freely petie'rate it.
Improvement of Clayey Soils.
One of lhe principal defects of clayey
soils, especially where they rest upon a
Savixo IS Wealth. One great cause
s- Itdat. d Virginia $390,' on one side of of the poverty of the present day is a
failure of our common people to appreciate
the bulletin board. The history of this
operation Is the history of a great many
! operators On the street, who have for sixty
days past been thinking, with the bears,
I The market is loo high ; must break
soon." And yet the market was never
stronger than no It operators were
' ciazy thirty days since, they should now
lie nut iu straight j ickei and packed uff
small things. They do not realise how a
daily addition, be it ever so small, will
soon make a large pile. If the young
men and young women of to day will
only begin, and begiu now, to save a Hi
tie from their earnings and plant it in the
soil -ot some good saving bank, and week
ly or monthly add iheir more, tbey will
to bedlam it Laiilornia and Uonftohda- wear a happy smile of competence when
o viiwiiua were in me clonus inirty ihev reach inuuile lite. iXui only tne oe
w i a- -
increase it will also
J . " : ... .1 . . k .1 . I.
ua s since, now i nev must ne reacniug j aire out ability to
into the seventh lieav-us. Day after day "! trrow.
Let clerk and tradesman, laborer and
artisan, make now and al once a begin
nine. Stoie up some of your youthful
force a. id vigor for futuie contingency
" . . ... .1. : l-i.l l ..
(io treasurers of lladdlnTs ualace Ml,d uri pareuw u-aci innr cuimreu lowpn
M ..... I'.:...' l. ... .i.....! . ...i.. -io... early to save ft'Clu at lhe foiiulain
..f'-li' l,5-ll t i,i,fUHBlllllll llftll I llT l . .
& , 1 .4 . .. ... . .... I .1... , .. . , ..I .. .....
iichu i o coinroi nit- nuinuio 01 ciiiiiii
g nice to choose between poverty am
riches. Lei your yonug go oil in habits
id extravagance for fitly years to come as
an vie s it" m
TBK BIG BON A N - l
sh"a ii. cteased values bv ihore extensive
ne.elopmHMs, proving iiches tie loir wh:cu
li- l vei
B It ft!.. - ft
v ho all along have had taith tn
la after ream, tne bell
steamer still shall toil.
cuoea on the b re exes swell
Lad e'er the placid waters roll
rave sons ef those martyred deed
II bend in reverence at the sound :
time's soft radieuce still shall shea)
re oar that hallowed ground
they have lor fifty years past, and we
shall have a nation of beggars, with
moneyed aristocracy. Let a generation
of such as save in small sums be reared
and we shall be free from all 'waul. Do
not be ambitious for extravagant fortunes
but do seek that which is the duty o
every one to obtain, independence and
comfortable home. Wealth, and enough
of it, is wiibiu the reach of all. It is ob
tained by oue process, by one only saving.
pio-iits t to- t'Oinsiock, are in j
posyion to dy to reap rich rewards,
wi;iie ilme nho ph ad taith in lhe Call's
utterance-, and sold their slock as securi-ii-s,
i-urse not loud but veiy deep. The
dUrover) uf this immruse body of ore has
abeady spread far and wide, and before
maoy days roll round there will be repre
sentatives of the whole World's wealth
knocking at the door of Consolidated
Virgiuia, explniiug tho bonanz t for the
benefit of science. The excitement on
California Streets increases day by day,
and the brokers, despite their arduous
labor, are well satisfied with the situation.
And well they may be, when the sales in
their board aggregate, on an average,
TEN MILLION DOLLARS PER WEEK.
The bears have very quietly taen a
back seat. Iu the expressive and curt
language of Jack McGenty, "They cau't
Stan' th pressure, the pressure on the
bears baa been very strong the balls
sweeping everything before them A raid
on a few weak brethren hae been made
here and there, but the entire Conutoek
presents a Strong front. Quite a number
of felines naturally gather behind the im
pregnable ramparts of the leading slock,
and manage to keep warm. Oue day the
current sweeps down towards the Gold
U ill cud, only to sweep back the next
with redoubled force towards the Vir
ginias. LES H0MMC8 QUI RIENT.
Among the men who laugh in conse
quence of their "excellent judgment " hi
buying consolidated Virginia and Calh
furnia, the following may be mentioned : trust hi appearances.'
River, measured near the Railro id Bridge
al Brow i. 'B Ferry, gives 315 horse pow-ro
per foot, or 166,000 for 625 feet of fall to
the otate hue, taking no account of the
numerous large effluents which euter it
between those joints, carrying the estimate
and be well broken up and the soil kept h ,,,n tl'e State line up to the moolh of tbe
ios and porous by ludtci ius atid freuueul C',K,U rtVri ledum county at the
and moisture can rda rac'ory, (tormeily Owynu s;) we
get 208,000 horse powers.
The power ot iiaw Uivcr and Deep
River was takeu ouly a few days ago, and
while tbey were still somewhat swollen
I . ; . . l a a
uy recent rains, so mat uie nrnres for
subsoil of the same nature, is lhe excess I those streams, 200 and 125 respectively,
of water which is held in them. The only are subject lo a considerable reduction,
eft cuial way, in a majority of cases, to I especially the former. Haw River, at the
get rid of this is by thorough underdraiu- I figures gtveu, aggregates a force of about
lug. 1 his draws off by imperceptible 100,000 borse powers, in a fall of 513
degrees all the excess of water, and opens I feet from the Piedmont Railroad bridge
the soil lo tbe tree admission of the air. I to us continence with Deep River at fiav
which iu its passage through it imparls I wood. Adding the above figures lor th
warmth and such fertilizing gases as it Cape Fear, we have 325 horse powers
may contain. Open drains or ditches, I or aboat the same amount of force as that
thoughtless effectual, are useful. In some I of the Yadkin; and the fall of about 100
cases, water furrows, terminating in some I teet to r ayetteville gives 32,500 horse
ravine or ditch, serve a good purpose I powers. Deep River, in lis descent
Lime is exceedingly useful as an ameliora-1 596 fact from the North Carolina Railroad
tor of clayey anils, inducing chemical I bridge uear Jameeiown, develops a force
combinations, the mechanical effect ol I of about 60,000 horse powers. The sum
which is lo break up lhe too great tenacity I oi tbe powers of the Cape Fear and
tastes, or fash i one of
Heece he decides that the
aft . . 1 . . .
tursirc nae tne as me right to
liking in tbe admission or exclusion
of persons from his property that a beaasn-
arr ecHpeed by every city ia our western b,oldr re keeper hae, anal shea, aa
v. . af I fl I ..I- .Ift. a , . . .
worio. Kemember Mabylon and Nineveh ; v'""u" prevoteU before be
proud, rich and powerful, all their glory hd fio4 aa entrance on it, be re reived
has departed, their paleors aod banquet- doe 7 was infuse,,
ing balls bare, for ages, beeu tke kabita- He kowTW. Iks If a negre is ad
lions cf the moles and the bats, aod tbe ",tud 10 tkeatre on a ticket property
gannt wolf howls where their holiest al- P"1 for' flly be ejected as
tare stood : and vet. eomnarrd iih nn ''sT he ut orderly. He does not raw
their sins dwindle to trifles, and tkeir I lB Civil Rights act aa affecting laie
. T I at
blackes. sums become white as wool.
Reform our law makers, enforce our laws,
and punish al! breakers ; or read tbe
continuation of oar history in tke story si
ell tke dead nations of tke oast whoee
gigantic crimes have called do w a upon them
the fearful indignation of aa infinitely
pure, holy, lost and powerful God. who
cannot look upon 'sin, either individual
or national, with the faintest shadow si
allowance. Reform or perish if o.
Thk Silver Bulls. In Eastern poe
try tbey tell of a wondrous tree, ou which
rrew an I den mnlpt , nA ka.ii. .
. . w v w " v.. w. vena , wuu
b I Wl lima ik a - I a a A
' vmv. un t aye acill UT Mil III Bf-fl
the fragrant branches, a akowee of thoee b,Kl b7 Jw to
golden apples fell,; and lhe living bells " e oee tbe woru "negro
thee ehimed and r,.,l..A f..,il. : I include members of the nerro
j iii.ii niru nu i m
IS : . l i ,i i . I not thmorli anv mmr.i nf L ,,.
i v. iraiamh mmm nsnri irrr larre i j .
r Cbildrwa'a friend
Appeal to the LeglslattLr.
We respectfully ask our IrgisUfcare !"
bill to tbe following effect :
1. Tkat negroes shell not seine white
orphena, wk -u tkeir pur-nta die, and IsaSsV "
them as slaves during lawir una ire mlsn
J. That poor and degraded
a ft a
men shall not hire out to
girls under eighteen, nor ibeir boys
twenty one years of age.
3. That white bovs and rlrls shall
oi me ciay, wmie it aims, al me name two puncipai inouiariee wui somewhat mrnm -a..!:.. kl . r in. hbem. Wr .rttnioui to iI,h, nAi.
lime, an element of fertility which may exceed 175,000 P"- .' ta , than tkoao which aZfr4 with the porno toepeeted, therr property peertrd, aaa
perhaps be wanting. Gypeum, or plaster sufficient to turn 7,000,000 sp.ndlos-.. on Ajfcfol.a h. their cb-hlrrn taught u be vVaw JTf
of Pans has the earn- effect inaalill more I here are in fact on this svslein of waters ? t . " . ." i . , . rT.
neaven langn toys, and wberu too wind I w " m'"rr -o "ars some nsraa,
powerful degree. Ashes, coarse vegeta- more cotton ketones than anywhere eloe bKjwh whera it Ik-ieth, the .ootb wind H" wh lh7 r"r- d
ble manures, straw, leaves, chips, etc .are tn lhe Stale, their number being aboat .sj asia i thrir fat hers .,. de.f Tk- -aU k
also very useful, adding new materials to ten ; and their aggregate of spuidlee is I mDOI. :LV. , K . elected to the Irislaiure manv able sn
lhe soil and tending to separate Its par - probabl) not more than 10.000, and nf , , . . , ...d manv who a,c known lo be wusms.
tides and destroy their strong cohesion, horse powers less thai. 400 ; so that even t io tricud- of .u Ma
Clayey land mnsl never be ploughed when I on ibis beet improved of our water cour
ses, not more than one seven-hundredth
part of the available force is nti
a a a a a s
And to make the case still strong
Cape Fear and tbe lower part ol Deep
River have beeu improved et the expense
ot the State, iu the slack water naviga
tion w oi ks constructed before lhe war ; of
which most of tbe dams are stiil standing,
at least in part, (and about halt of tbem
have been recently repaired by private
ei.t rprise ;) the force rendered available
at these dams uauouatiug to about 40.000
horse powers, or enough to turu 1,600,
000 spindles, which ia more than half the
number footid in all the factories of Massachusetts.
These facts are sufficient, although, (let
Ait Incident. At one of the Boston
restaurants, last week, a mechanic, with
his overalls, took his seat at the table and
called for his dinner, when the following
scone occurred : Waller"! wiH take
the money for yonr dinner." Gent "I
usually (.ay after I have eaten my dinner."
Waiter "We must have it before."
Gent (leisurely and with some display,
and turning down his overalls, (taking
from his pocket a 3100 note) "Can yon
change llii V Waiter "No. Have you
nothing smaller?' Gent "Yes, plenty.
Here is a $20 bill, which yon may change.
If yon had chosen to wait until I finished
my dinner, I have plenty of small change
with which I wonld have paid you, but
now yon can take it out of that." Tbe
resell wee tkat the waiter bad to go out
for the change, and the numerous specta
tors of the scene had their laugh over the
new illustration of the old truth, 'Don't
Clover as Accumulator of Nitrogen.
Apropos of what has been said in an
other paragraph in regard tn tbe legumi
nous plants as nitrogenous fertilisers, we
find it stated that Dr Voelcker, by a ser
ies of the most exhaustive analyses of the
soils and of plants, has discovered and
established tbe fact, that an immense
amount of nitrogenous food accumulates
in the soil during the growth of clover,
especially in the surface soil ; amounting.
including that in lhe clover roots and lops,
to three and a ball tons of nitrogen per
acre ; equal to four tons and a third ot
ammouia. If this be a fact, the wondeiful
here rootle tonee and fovfal
. IT 1 eeboif ft through the r
,Z ' rf lhm9tml Noi euiy explained to
r'i i I MberMl 10 define, thoee joys ere
: tee eon sew
devout affections end
effects of clover, vetch, ami similar plants jt k repeated,) the figures are only ap-
on the soil cease to be mysterious, and
the farmer need no longer buy ammonia
in his commercial fertilisers, bet only add
to the soil tbe time and oilier aab elements
required, which can be cheaply furnished
in available forms.
proximate, to give denuilobces, to our
ideas, both of oar immense manufacturing
power and the fact that we have not even
begun to improre it. W. C. K.
Cheated The Bromus Secalinus Swindle
Some time ago a specimen of wheat, io
The American maiden who finds no
oue to her choice in the land of ber birth,
rrarhra lerou tbe Ailanlir ar.d indflia.
which there were a few grains of chess, A deanltorv Lord from th rink t . faai
or cheat, wae presented to Philadrlpbia thinning nobility. Hiss Forbes, of New
Academy of Natural Sciences. It seemed vork. has inat taamrrd kr ua.r id-i..
at first as if the scientists were lo be coo- ftn the I L- nl r.k...,i mnA -i,k...
founded and Natnm made to coatradict ,lrikiug a single blow for hie liberty, be
herself. 1 he specimen laid before the yied. to fate aod places a coronet upon
learned men of the Academy was a bead her brow. But we should not complain,
of wheat, to which small branches of chess Perhapa it is patriotism tkat inspires our
were united, and apparently iu a very na- enlfivaiiag country women, who see oo
tore! manner Thi-specimen was finally way to n-publicanise theae titled up
referred to the "microscopical section," ,UrU kt mvrJ tbeui.
who report that the thing was a trick.
The chess was neatly inserted into the The Raleigh Sentinel says ; A mar
wheat stalk, and held there by a substance rted man a little stiff iu . the joints, baa
"which the committee believe to be rum beeu carried bom for repairs. H
aeconnt but tbe
sweet sense of
exerciee of all the
grateful and adoring emotions God-ward ;
tbe dull oi sinful passions, itself ecstatic
music ; un exulting sense ef the security
of the well ordered covenant ; tke glad
ness oi surety, rightrousneee, and tbe
kind spirit of adoption encouraging to aay ,
"Abba, Father," .11 the delightlul feelings
which the spirit ef God iaereeeee or cre
ates, aad which are) sss earned op hs tkat
comprehensive word Jos ks tke Holy
tvme jodicinus h-gielation fcw
fit of neglected and un pro lee ted
ia needed and exit-cud. Lei not th.
that reasonable eipeetations ot the penelr he
The disappointed. The orphans ran oof, vote;
wet they have as a ay Mends
and who will vote bercaiter.
gnm i oeeu carruu oom lor repans. ue tried
tragacan th. Rural Carolinian for Jan to slide down Fayette vi He street, and He has strutted bis brief hour on the stare
uanj. got tee scat of bis breeche mambled. and that's the cud of him
. .... '
Big 1 n vex i ws Lloyd, tke Unseen
map man, who made all the map toa
General Grant and lhe I'uion army, em
it be tea of which he nwklbhed. has tnt
. a a". '
invented a wey of gettiag a relief
from steel ee so to paioi Lloyd's Map
American tmiineut - shews frees
on one entire sheet of bank note
40x60 incur large, oo a ligklniar pret .
aad colored, StSed and varnished for the
wall ee as BS stead was bang, end see iii eg
anywhere ia the world See Sft usb, or
smverutaked far 10 cents. This ssap
shows the whole United Slates and T
tones in a groop, from sorveys to 187,
witn a million pieces on it, seeh as towns,
ciiie, vi li ages, moenuias, hakes, rtvwe.
streams, geld mioee, railway steiiens, 4c .
This map skoeM be ia every boose. 8end
15 eenta lo th Lined lf.n .mmm
promptly in tne matter and you . . ' " -rwr--y
ill aoou have a lew Daased riviaw town- D""P'". 7 get S eeny ay
-k; .i a L' m m return mail.
nips me rigni io toic lor fence or no
One of tbe first things which the llre .
ocratic party should do wbeu it finally
gets into power in Washington is to akol-
tab keek ike Bureau f K duration.
tke Agricultural Bureau. They ore I
ng but coo tn ranees to giro pUcee So
men who cannot earn aa honest living i t
teey us-mi lonastvy. i be trovrrnment
ot the Lnitrd Statee was not formed to
attend re eft her rrieultars or edecatioo -
iv. Y. 9m.
i - f ..
From the Charlotte Observer we leers)
that tke new tease low which has of lute
been adopted by a e amber of so wueksps m
Mecklenburg Coonty b daily growing hi
favor, and tkat these who first opposed
tke proposition, are-now Ua w arm est sup
porters ; that evuw tke colored people
would not new do Sway with sk Now is
the lime for our farmers to agitate the ques
tion. Act promptly iu the matter and you
A Michigan paper dsslaiia that "Dr.
Mary Walker's life is one eootineed
struggle to keep her pants kitebed up
without tke nid of sswpsudess,', wkick
ratker gets Mam Mery ear tke kip.
Tbe excitement ever King Kalakaua
baa quite subsided, aad he will now reiir.
.5 m a. t . .. a-n ' - - - v i 4.,. V . - . - a
;.. e.4 i ' . a- a - - - - Sft 'X 'Be
l I . ii ii Tin i mi ass.