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VOL VI L. .THIRD SERIES C ATTCDTrDTr -at n rvvin"nTT a a !2 M Jl
Viii. vxi. aaaa oifio. SALISBURY, N, C., OCTOBER, 14. wn, 1
PUBLISHED WEEKLY I
Proprietor and Editoi '
KATES OF mi;b:biition
WEEKLY WATCHMAN. .
Ose Tear, payable maavane. ....$2.(0
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Copies to anf
Mtx Square (1 inch) One insertion $100
V M two " 1.60
Sates for a greater number of insertions
moderate. Special notices 25 per cent, more
in regular advertisements. Reading notice.
5 cent perliae for each and every insertion
0h ! Father, dear Father dont stay away late,
rw, home when rour day' work in o'er.
for Mother'!! be watching for you at the gate, 1 Clerks of the Courts by the Judges
THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION.
Raleigh, Oct. 6. .
Ordinance to strike out sec. 33, art. 4
of the Con s ti t u tion . Deprives the Magis
trates of jurisdiction under the present
laws, and leaves the matter of arranging
their jurisdiction in the hands of the Leg
Mr. Manning of Chatham, moved so
amendment giving the right of appeal in
all cases decided by the Justices of the
Peace, extending the jurisdiction of the
J ustices to civil actions other than those
furnished on contracts, where the value
of property in controversy does not ex
ceed $80. Adopted.
The ordinance thus amended then pass
ed its third reading. fii.
Ordinance to add 3 sections to art. 4 of
the Constitution, eo as to provide for the
removal of Judges by the Legislature and
Tton't rrieve her poor heart any more
She's weary with sewing to keep u in bread.
And her face is ho haggard ana wmte.
for yon Know, Father dear, that we all
Then brk.g home youi money to-night !
Then bring home your money to-night !
Oh ! bring home your money to-uieht !
For you know Father dear, that we all must
Oh ! bring home your money to- night !
The old tavern keeper is rich, 1 am snre;
Uis acres spread out far and wide,
While Father, dear Father, you know we are
And needy, and hungry beside.
Don't give hiin your hardly earned dollars, I
For the drinks that will madden and blight,
But in manliness turn irom the tempter away,
And bring home your money to-night !
On ! Father, dear Father, don't stay away late;
Twill be Hatnsdav night a yon know.
The beautiful Sabbath mightdawn, if yon wait,
And find ns in sorrow and woe.
No bread in th pantry, no crmfort in store,
and nothing to make onr borne bright,
Good-bye now, dear Father, don't drink any
But bring home your money to-night !
ses of the government.
Mr. Albertson took the floor in opposi
tion to the ordinance. He spoke at length
against the proposed measure.
O'Hara, col , next spoke against the
Smyth, col., followed io the same train.
Mr. Chamberlain spoke in opposition
to the ordinance. -
Mr. Dockery also opposed the ordi
Mr. Barrirtger moved to amend by ad
ding that the general assembly shall not
have power to abridge or a&auh -ne pro
visions of this article except by a two
Mr. Turner advocated the passage of
At the conclusion of Mr. Turner's re
marks the previous question was ordered
on the demand of Mr. Durham.
The question recurred ou Mr. Massey's
amendment and it was rejected by a vote
of yeas 55, nays 5G.
The amendment of Mr. Manning:, of I
New Hanover, was rejected by a vote of
tr. Jar vis called the previous question, yeas 52, nays 57.
which was sustained. The question recurred on Mr. Buxton's
The ordinance then passed its second amendment, and it was accepted. The
reading by a vote 58 to 33. amendment preserves the ad valorem sys
Mr. Badger asked that substitute strik- tern of taxation. J
ing out sections 26 and 27, art. 4 of the The chair ruled the amendment of King,
Constitution, be read. The substitute of Lenoir, out of order as not being ger-
provides that the Judges be elected by main to the subject.
the people. Passed its second reading. Mr. King, of Leuoir, appealed from the
The evening was spent to a great ex- decision of the chair and called for the
tout. in the filibustering movements of the yeas and nays.
Republican members, who take advau- The call was sustained.
tage of all possible parliamentary strate- The question was then put and the
to delav legislation. Re convention unauimously sustained the
gies in order
BY OEOUOF. COOPER.
'Which do you love the best !
Baby upon your breast !
Willie, or Blanche, or Merry Dot ?
Choose from the sweet and rosy lot."
Hound her the children stand,
Thinking the fun is grand.
Never a home more dearly bleat
"Which is the oue you love the boat ?'
'Baby that's cooiug there?
Wi'lie with golden hair ?
Blanche who is blith as a girl can be ?
Dot who is climbing upon your knee ?
Hushed ever tiny voice ;
Mother has made her choice.
'Which shall we prize above the rest ?"
"Darlings, I love yuu all the beat !"
Raleigh, October 7.
Convention met at 10 o'clock, Presi
dent Ransam io the Chair.
Prayer by Rev. Dr. Marshall of this
Mr. Reid moved to suspend the rules
to consider a certain ordinance i elating
to the publication of the amendments to
the Constitution. Adopted
A substitute was offered from the Com
mittee to the ordinance considered a few
days since, providing that the Constitu
tion as amended be published in pamph
let form 100,000 copies to be published,
instead oi being advertised in the news
papers of the different Congressional Dis
. Thursday, Oetober 7.
The convention met at 4 p. m., and re
mained in session until 6:15 p. m,
The ordinance giving the legislature
power to remove iudges under certain
Mr. King arose from his seat and said
he would retire from a body in which he
was not treated with respect by either
party. lie went into 'the lobby.
Mr. Barringer withdrew his amendment.
The question recurred upon the pas
sage of the ordinance on its second read
The yeas and nays were called and it
passed hy a vote of yeas 55, nays 54.
lbe following is the ballot :
Ou motion of Mr. Durham the rules
were suspended and the ordinance
on its third reading.
On the final passage of the ordinance
the yeas and nays were called, and it pass
ed by a vote of yeas 37, nays 46
On motion the ennveniiou adjourned
till to-morrow at 10 a. m.
A Revival Indeed A MurcTerer
Turned from his Purpose.
From the Cttcago Post and Mail.
Mrs Van Cott spent a portion of last
month in earnest efforts for the Christi
anizing of sundry towns and villages in
Pennsylvania. Among these villages in
the village of Freedom, in York county
where she met with marked success, and
held enthusiastic meetings.
One evening while canvassing the
house for repentant sinners, she noticed a
middle aged man, the stolid expression of
whose faee attracted ber attention and
excited ber feminine curiosity ; so in ber
usual magnet manner, she approached
him and asked hi-& whether be would
not like to follow In the- path of the right
eous. No answer couli she gain, and
with an audible prayer of "Hay God
drive the dumb evil out of you, my broth
er she passed on to interview more im
i wo nights passed, and the stranger
again appeared at the church ; but this
time his eyes were lighted up with au
almost maniacal glitter, and his counten
ance seemed the playground of the liveli
est emotions Quickly approaching the
altar, he knelt among the sobbing and
shouting ones, and as the religious eheph
erdess drew near, he asked her if she
knew him. "Why, yes; you're the man
who had the dumb devil the other night,"
she replied. He then begged of her the
privilege of saying a few words; and, th
request being granted, he arose and, de-
iberately drawing a revolver from his
breast, beld it aloft-in a thrilling dramatic
manner, while he told his history of life
to the eager listeners. e
He was a resident of Chicago, where
be bad for many yearn followed his pro
fession of photographer. For the last
four years he had strayed far from the
path of right and virtuous living, and, as
consequence of bis dissipation and de
bauchery, his wife had deserted him and
returned to ber friends in Pennsylvania
iiig bis three children with ber.
Radicalism and Wholesale Cor
For some weeks our northern exchanges
have been filled with serious charges of
corruption against oue of President Grants
Cabinet officers. Secretary Delano of the
lace, or some other toy. Yet women are 1
such creature of rivalry and display that
hey cam.ot help a sort of triumph over
those who are less fortunate or less spirit
ed, and so are continually the foremost to
inflame a pernicious rivalry. What can
their husbands do T They submit, per
haps. They sulk, perhaps. They more
commonly east about for ways and means,
and, as they hear and learn more, they
are more apt to take counsel from despair,
and give themselves up to the stream in
which they are-already floating helpless-.
ly. Tbey cannot be worse than they
are : they may be better. So they specu
late that is they gamble. Tbey soon
find tbey are victims, and set it down to
their simplicity or their scruples. By and
by they make the discovery that in audi
an affair it is better to be at the head than
at the tail ; better to be on the right side
of the wall ; better to be in the ring than
an outsider. So they press inward, give
and take confidences, and in time are
millionaires, or bankrupts and exiles.
A-n Insurance Bombshell.
Interior Department, and now one Samue
circumstances, and the iudges the power Walker, throws off the vail and exposes a
to remove clerks of the superior courts, regular wholesale robbery, that is being
A DAY OF SUMMER BEAUTY.
BY C. BROOKE.
Oct in the golden summer air.
Amid the purple heather,
A woman sat with drooping head,
And hands close knit together :
Never a bitter word she said.
Though all her life looked cold and dead
Cold in the glowing haxe that lay
Over the fair green earth that day,
That day of summer beauty.
Far. far away where leafy woods
Touched the sky, cloud riven.
A thousand birds rang out life's bliss
In jubilee to heaven ;
How could the poor old withered throat
Carol echoes to each soft note ?
Every soul must pay life's cost
Her deepest silence praised God most,
That day of summer beauty.
Too dulled her soul, too worn, to feel
Summer delight acutely ;
While earth was praising God aloud
Her patience praised him mutely.
Her narrow life of thought and care
Not life to live, but life to bear.
Contented that her soul was sad.
While all God's soulless things were glad,
That day of summer beauty.
And where ehe stayed, a dusky speck
In gorge and heather glory,
A weary spirit watched and read
The pathos of her story :
A spirit doobt-opprest and worn.
Had (bond another more forlorn.
That trustful stayed, nor sought to gness
Life's meanings which are fathomless,
Through all the shammer beauty.
Backward Pin Backward.
passed its third reading.
The substitute from the committee
municipal corporations, relating to
government of cities, towns aud incorpo
rated villages, eame up on its second
reading. It proves that it shall be the
duty of the legislature to provide for the
government and organization of cities,
towns and incorporated villages, and to
restrict their power of taxation, assess
ments, borrowing money, contracting
debts, and loaning their credit so as to
prevent abuses in assessments and in con
tracting debts by such municipal corpor
ations ; and further provides that the
legislature ahull regulate all county government.
Comes up as unfinished business
, October 8.
At 10 a. m., Mr. President Ransom
called the convention to order.
Prayer by Rev. Mr. Spake, of the con- I the drivers wife, who is employed
carried on in Delano's department. In a
card over his own signature he says :
"The Secretary's office has, at the
Government expense, four carriages and
five horser. These are attended hy one
foreman of stables at SS40 per annum,
one watchman at $720 per annum, two
stable hands at $600 per annum each and
two drivers at $720 per annum each. The
cost of harness and repairs of carriages
dec, fcr six months was reported to have
been over $2,100. At the same rats for
the rest of the year the entire cost of cars
riages and horses for the Secretary's office
alone would be about S9 000 per annum
The Secretary doubtless does not use all
the carriages and horses himself exclu
sively.but it makes no difference to the
tax payer "who pays for them. I am cred.
ibly informed that one of the carriages,
driver and two horses have been at Mount
Vernon, O., for the past four months, and
Driven to frensy by this, he sank still
lower and lower, until, as if the fiendish
ness or hell itself possessed him, he had
purchased this weapon of death and started
for the east, determined to murder his
wife aud children and then put an end
to his own miserable existence
two nights before he sat in. that
gloating over the fiendish plot. The
words then spoke to him bad aroused his
aim et lot mauhood, aud falling again ou
his knees he desired Mrs. Van Cott to
pray for him. "Child, give me that,"
and with the meekness of a child be
handed her the weapon, and then feeling
in bis pocket produced a box of cart rid
ges, which he also placed in her band.
1 ue strange sigut was then presented to
the woman revivalist holding in one hand
a seveu shooter and in the other a box of
A convention of Insurance Commission
er! and Superintendants was held in New
York last week. We learn from the New
York papers that the harmony of the bdy
was unpleasantly disturbed by Commu
siooer John A. Fineb, of Indiana, who
t.t- a J k L;.,..t ktw! nfKnmK.
UUICI.IT UIUUUCU Ut Ufck. W. WW 1 ... . , . ,
.'.i.....: in. th- miH-t Af the Kd-. "e J ,n Pu' language, to
on.. Jl;i .k- A w.- .k. rt..ii-..rir of veotion, there are two hundred
X U U VI UGI VI aero Uuj nno kuw wa v j w
addresses. When Mr. Finch's torn came
he made a compact, logical argument,
intended to show his coleagues the errors
under which the wi de system of life in
surance lias been laboring for many years
past. ' He contended that the contract
tor life insorauce is the most one sided
known in business; that it biuds the pol
icy holders as with a chaiu of rivet tod
steel, and the company as with a rope of
sand; that the companies had every ad
vantage of the policy holder in regard to
payments of divideuds, the satisfaction of
claims, the election of agents and solicit Pr J 1
ters; that the responsibility for contracts
is shifted from solicitor to general agents,
from general agents to the companies, and
from the companies back again; that the
companies "sit in a shadow of mystery
and speak in technical phrases," and that
hen a poliey is forfeited or lapses from
of Gaston , of Badger, of Outlaw, the land
of Pender, of Pettigrew, and of Shaw, to
to Band of the ignorant, the vicious the
mercenary sputler. Never while Reid
and Clingmao, while Jarvis and Roberta
have tongues to plead for their fellow
countrymen. Oar condition heggara
description. Those who defend it are but
pests and parcels of the huge systems of
fraud which this miserable Canby instro
meot has begotten. Gentlemen of the
Convention kok around you and see
who of the delegates from Eastern North
Carolina defeud the present system of
Coooty governments. Are tbey not
sheriffs, county or attorneys, who in fast
govern counties through the nnfmrjaon
tality of county bonds ?
Count ies have none of the attributes of
rovereignty. They are altogether
inres oi tne state, which is as much
to protect the eittaeoe who live hi
spoliation as if there were ne such tbiogs
as county Hires. A county is a particular
portion of a State created to facilitate too
administration of justice, and the execu
tion of the law. The protection of prop
erty, a doty belong to our Slate govern
ment, has Ween delegated to the Boards
of County Commit toners. These Boards,
mere ageuU, having violated the trnat, it
is the duty of the State to withdraw it.
Not to do so is to sanction and adopt the
set of an unfaithful end unworthy aeent.
thousand eitisens in this State who do
sire a change In the system of County
governments. Unless it Is made, there
will be a wide spread demoralisation in
Eastern Carolina, which will inevitably
resuu in disaster to our section.
This subject demands the exercise of a
most exalted patriotism. If the Cooveu-
uon rails ro meet tne lasue and master it,
the faith of our people in the prufeeeions
of party leader will be sadly impaired.
The Board, of Couuty Commissioners
must be abolished, cr else the Democratic
in North Carolina has become a
mere association of men, for the
of scrambling for place or profit.
figures, call on the
si a H,
t Hardware at low
dersignod at Ho t
Salisbury tS. C.,Mny 1 J-U.
CCD AH COVE
N t'BSK R
T?RCIT TREES, TUBS A
A Urgr stnek at iwaansable ratea.
Hew Catalogue for IT . - ..d 76 wit feline
aenpuooj at (raita. ami (roe.
Addrea CRA FT k SAILOR,
July 1. lsTSttsa.
HEW MILLINERY 8T0RE.
H i .1... . .
srvosa o . l i
any cause, "the holder receives what the
company graciously will give.'
This, remarks the Brooklyn Argus,
Journal of yesterday was read and
Mr. lieid, from the committee on Re
vision, submitted a report.
Mr. Turner, presented a petition from
tax payers of Wake county against the
payment of special tax bonds without first
consulting the people at the ballot box.
death-dealing missiles, while ebe offered
to heaven an earnest prayer for the sa
viug of this brand from the burning. As
Mrs. Vau Cott finished telling the inei
dent, she said : ' Never in my liie did I
feel such power in prayer, and never be
fore did I offer up a petition to my Heav
enly J? atuer under such strange circum
The next day the man, clothed in his
right mind and happy iu heart, sought
the injured wife, effected a reconciliation,
and another will soon be added to the list
of happy home iu ehieago.
Only I a ateru indictment, striking at the root of
church I tLe nrcaeut svstem of conducting the life
insurance bu? mess, lly way ot remedy,
Mr. Finch proposes the passage of a new
general law, which shall make all life pol
icies uon-forfeitable after the first payment;
compel the companies to be responsible
for the acts of accredited agents and so
licitors; permit uo defense at law for fraud
in applications after the laps? of five years,
and in.ke a contract between eomyany
and bolder as binding as any other con
tract. This proposition i sufficiently
sweeping to stir the whole life insurance
A young gentleman whose name is
Joseph sends to ns for publication the
wont verses which we remember to have
wrestled with. 'He wih ns to print
them in 77te Tribune and to pay him for
them "what we think them to be worth
1 here is nothing unusual about the
consignment of broken -backed stanzas
but in a letter which come with thei
the writer tells ns that ha "doe not know
whether to be a farmer or a poet." and
onr advice is invoked respecting the
dilemma. "My minister say," observes
Joseph, "that 1 have a great deal of talent,
and that it makes the tear come to hi
eye to read my poems ; but my grand
father says he had rather see mc hoe pota
toes then write poetry." And theu the con
fession follows : "It is a great deal easier
for me to write poetry than to beo pota
toes. CM coarse it is ; bat which is the
more respectable buiues t Poets just
now are as plenty as peaches ; but first
class potato diggers, with a real geoin
for that business, are not o common.
There are prises to be won in this depart
ment of human energy, and wreath wbieh
more than 800,000 holders of life policies miT he economically woven of the top of
s 1 i I. & 1 . . . k . . . 1 l T L. at 1 1 . f
in the different grades, and the additional
At the old stand of Foster A
J oat reaneed a full Hue of Ham,
Ota, trimmed and artriaasaed. 1
and all the latest French and At
Order executed vita ear and dlanaleh.
Pinking and Stamping dnn to order.
The Store will be conducted on the Ch ya
tcru and no food or w rk ill be charged to
any on. This role is navariU.
MRS. 8. J. UALYBCRTOV.
April, 15th own. if
Spring Stock: 1875.
interest to its fouudations. It will please
the great mass of people who are policy
holders, and it will displease a good many
of the companies who have figured eon-
spicously iu the law courts io contest over
claims. But, considering the fact that
there are in the State of New York alone
120 Bags Coffee,
60 Barrels Soger,
40 " Molaaaes,
5000 lbs. Bacon, 2000 lbs. Lard, ,
2000 Ins. Beet Sugar Cured llama,
20 keg Soda,
20 Boxes "
50 " Adamantine Candles,
40 " Soap, 2000 lbs. Carolina Rice,
30 Cases Oyster,
The Road to Buin.
From the London Times.
It must always be with pain
fact that this vast army of the prudent
aie insured to the amount of 82,000,000,-
000, the new departure suggested by the
Indiana Commissioner become at ooce a
subject of popular interest. 1 he bold
defense of the policyholders will natural
ly make Mr. Finch the leader ia n new
. m , , , m '
igitutton. The compauies will be beard
from in due time.
Patent Office, draws his pay during his
absence. None of these things could
take place without the absolute knowledge
and concurrence of the Secretary and his
assistance, who thus coucur in the profit
by the misappropriation of public money
while cripple soldiers starve that tbey may
have able-bodied stable hands. In addi
tion to this landaulet accommodation for
the Secretary's office and friends iu and
out ot the department, the Land, Patent,
Pension and Indian offices have horses
and carriages, costing enormously for
Walker also charges that Delano keeps
at the expense of the Government for the
use of himself and friend a geraneum
BT MKLINUA MELROSE.
Backward, pin backward my skirts in their
Make me small agaiu. just for to-night,
1 am so weary, and my skirts are so long,
8weepiog the pavements as I walk along ;
Gathering the dirt from out of the street.
Looked at by every one that I meet.
Mother, dear mother, I know I'm a fright;
Pis back my skirts, mother, pin 'em back
Mother, dear mother, the days are so wann,
And I'm tired of this drees I have on ;
u is so clumsy aud don't fit me right,
Pis it back, mother, pin it back tight.
Now I'm ready, don't I look sweet?
euuliug on all I happen to meet.
Ijn ia the fashion, so that is all right ;
Fin back my skirts, mother, pin 'em back
Mother, dear mother. I know it's a sin
To wear dresses that show off one's limbs,
jQt what is a poor girl gi ing to do :
Jsn the world wears them, she most wear
s only those who are thin that
r afraid s
To show off a form that is not well made,
i leu nay laugh, but you know that I
' jsk my skirts, mother, pin 'em back
The ordinance to amend article 7 of the
constitution by an additional section, was
taken up as the unfinished business.
Tlx- proposed section reads in substance
Sec. 14. The general assembly shall have
full power by statute to modify, change I and boquet nursery, and he says :
or abridge any or alt the provisions of this I "JLo attend to this an assistant engi
article, and substitute others in their place, neer is acting foreman gardener, and two
except sections 1 1 and 13. gardeners, at $700 each and, the services
(this is a substitute for the original of ten laboi ers, at 720 each, are needed,
report of the commute on municipal cor- In addition to the flower garden, the grass
porations, introduced by Mr. Shepherd, of plots around the department are attended
Beaufort, aud adopted yesterday after-1 to by this costly force with the aid of still
The question recurred on the ordinance
on its second reading.
Mr. Massey offered an amendment
which, in effect, provides that township
officers shall be elected in the same man
ner as At present.
another supervisor, who is paid as engi
neer, the whole force costing more than
10,000 per aunum. The report of expen
ditures show that purchasers of flowers,
pots, &c, are made at public expense.
The example he sets is followed by those
around him. Private houses are fitted up
Mr. Blocker spoke at length against the I by mechanics paid by the Government,
passage of the ordinance.
The minority report of the Committee
on Municipal Corporations opposes the
passage of ordinance.
Mr. Manning, of New Hanover, moved
to add a proviso which prevents the abol
ishment of the county commissioners and
and re-establishmCnt of the courts of
common pleas and quarter sessions.
Mr. Buxton moved to amend by ex-
emntiner section 9 from the operations of
Mr. Kin, of Lenoir, moved to
amend section 7 of the article under dis-
f'urniture is procured and carpets supplied
which are charged to the Contingent
Fund. Xarge shipments of public prop
erty have been made to a distant point,
and, in short', wholesale robbery has been
committed. Messengers have been taken
away from the department on long trip,
as body servants, and some are now per
forming private service ia Washington.
Other pesons of both sexes have traveled
at public expense on these missions."
Honest Radical office holders are evi
dently as scarce as hen's teeth. From the
highest nobob down to the whiskey spy,
cussion by providing- that no couuty shall 1 it seems they will steal. Goldofo Mes
levy a tax save to meat necessity .pen- sender. trV7 r- f :
delicacy and hesitation that we make any
allusion to those who are supposed to be
less able to defend themselves, and the
more noder just authority, as well, it must
be added, as also the most sinned against.
But one remark must be made. Even on
the most superficial survey of society
whether ia the great turn ance ot the me
tropolis or in the lesser fires of provincial
rural life, who can shut his eyes to the
lamentable fact that the gentler and kind
lier sex have a very great deal to do with
that boundless and ruinous extravagance
which introduces all vices, and disables
all the virtues, even to decay and ex
tinction 1 It may be the necessity or the
duty of some to spend princely pomp and
luxury ; if so they are only to be pitied
for the difficulty of doing it gracefully,
and redeeming material waste with per
sonal refinement. But in tbe great town,
and each season more than the last, there
are thousand aud shoueands who manifest
ly spending far more than their circum
stances will allow. For very much of
this deep, widespread, and atill spreading
evil, the vomaa are answerable. It is
tbey who dress at a rate far beyoud their
income ; they who insist on the best
houses in the best neighborhood ; they
who must have equipages for all uses,
times and place ; tbey who can not abate
their manifold requirements, even when
the family increases and nobler cares
should take tbe place of childish things.
Of course, the meu have their besetting
sins and their pet extravagances, sometimes
very costly ; and tbey have often the still
greater fault of not explaining their pecu
niary affairs to their wives with manly
I candor of common business-like accuracy.
Tbey do not make the wife a confidant
and fellow-counsellor. Bat there cannot
be a doubt that in tbe great majority of
houses the lady knows quite enough to
see, with a very little reflection that she is
driving her husband and family iuto streit
ness and embarrassment, with the risk of
ruin. People must have very many and
very good acres, of very good investments
indeed, to bo able to spend often the reu
tal of a good estate in a single entertain
ment, a dressmaker's or an noholsterer's
bill, a house at n fashionable watering
place, A prolonged coo tinea tal tour, a ueck-
COUNTIES THEIR RELATIONS
TO THE STATE.
From the Albemarle Times.
There appear to be no other reason
why tbe State of North Carolina should
suffer two hundred end fifty thousand of
ber eitisens to be plundered and robbed
than tbe mere accident of residence. Un
der the system of county government
provided by the Canby instrument, tbe
protection due from our State to all of ber
people haa been withdrawn. In theory
wo are all iorth uarolimans ; in tact we
are inhabitant of petty government call
ed couuties. The fact that our counties
were created by the State seems to have
sunk out of eihr. I there any reason
why a system of gorerumcnt which is
extremely oppressive to all those people
who live between tbe Roanoke and
Chowan river should meet with lees die
favor simply because tbe part of the State
between those rivers is known as the
couuties of the Northampton, Bertie and
Hertford t Every State is divided into
sections called Districts or Parishes or
Counties. This is don that the law may
be enforced, that ji sties may be adminis
tered, that order may be secured, iu the
surest aud speediest way. It is done that
tbe machinery of State government may
ran smooth and safe. It is not done Cor
the purpose of conferring a benefit upon a
portion of our citizens at tbe expense ot
the rest. Whenever a system of govern
ment become a burden upon two hundred
nod fifty thousand people out of a popu
lation of one million, it is the imperative
doty of tbe whole people to change that
system. It is none the less so because the
oppressed are confined to this or that sec
tion. The white men of Halifax, Edge
combe, New Hanover, Granville and
Bertie counties are citizen of North Car
olina, aud entitled to her protection. It
will be n disgrace to withold it. Is it
possible that the Convention will be una
ble to provide a system of country gov
eromcnt which, while it gives relief to
the oppressed tax-payers of Bertie, will
satisly every honest man, wherever he
may live in North Caroline I It is im
: possible. Tbe members of thai body will
not hand re- Abe land of
ik' M A
the plant itself. Joseph, tbe bead of
your reverend grandsire is level. Yon
say that be is "old fashioned," but so is
common sense, which is none the worst
for iu antiquity. Potatoes will always
be io request, but poems are already a
drug in tbe market, with no prospect of
diminished supply and increased demand.
The pen is mightier than the sword, we
admit, bat tbe plow-share beat both.
WMHsure, young Joseph, we hope that
you nil! follow the advice of grandpapa,
and write no poems jr hen you can find
anything better to do.
Si m.W it . a
Suaff, 25 Coi! Cotton
40 do. Painted Pails,
40 Boxes Assorted Candy,
100 Roam Wrapping Paper,
A fall line of Wood A Willi; wet
A full line of H --t A aaoaa (very
A full line of Hat.
A fall line ef Roddies A Bridies, Felt,
Ginger. btce. Caeeod GouAs, Brt
Povdera. i irara. Tubaooo. Crock,
Tano A MaoaizMt Oil. Ac . Ac
TUe above atuck wa bought
beavv decline in price. adu
ale A Ketail at verr lirt prt.au.
BISGIIAM A CO.
J as 3rd I CTL
A Mr. Maassy, an English inventor,
ha completed a framework for n railway
carriage, by wbieh he hope to alleviate
the horror of collisions. It is well known
that the splinters of an ordinary carriage,
wheu it ia smashed do almost as much
harm to passengers as the shock. The
idea has already been suggested of cm-
ploying papier roacue as a constructive
material, ou the ground that it would do
bat little damage in case of eceidcnis.
Mr. Massey propose to construct the
framework and partitions of hi carriage ef
iron hoops put together In a manner which
must he seen to be understood, hot which
reminds us more of an iron bedstead of
intricate pattern than of anything oUe.
An elastic framework is thus provided
which will withstand a considerable pres
sure. Of course, it i to be encased with
some material more plearaat to come ia
contact with than "cold iron." The in
ventor believes that his carriage is also
stronger and more economical than thoee
of the present pattern.
No 1 . HvT plow Shoes at 1 180 worth
- - 'Women Shoe at $t" 199 I7n
Ladies Embroidered Kiipper at 1U0 worth IAS)
Ladie Slipper, at $15 wurth 175.
Lad ia. CrWue Slippers at $115 worth fMt. .
Ladies C1tb Gaiters u t'75 worth .
Ladies Cloth Gaiter at MS worth tluS,
A large lot of Children Hh- my r.
The Convention has carried out the
expect at i on that'it would be a body' of
retrenchment. It has reduced the cumber
of Supreme Court Judges to three, saving
thereby $5,000 It ha reduced the num
ber of Superior Court Judges to nine.
saving thereby $7,600. It has reduced
the pay of the members of th Legisla
tor to $4 per day and limited the ses
sions to thirty days, thereby saving from
$30,000 to $40,000 aseecioo.
Tne ordinance which paaeed tbe Con
vention on Wednesday, depriviog the
Magistrates of jurisdiction under the pre
sent law, and Waving the matter of ar
ranging iheir jurisdiction in the hands of
the Le gialeiar, k a wary considerable
measure of relief to the East. It give
the Legislature power to discriminate end
apply remedies where needed -"-JTssst.
- Zr a''
srdK 1 i na"f L4t. aTA t, VrwiluBsse
f ' 'lauuea. I
North C arolio.
LADIES' A GENTS' GOLD WATCIEf
Gold Opera nnd V eel C bats.,
B OOZJD 7
SILVER WAKW, OOLD P&X8, dhs
They are ageetsfsr the celebrated aWtmaSad
SDeoSasssn asm By Qiao say afaTActnT
eJ Minute zjSnU&4 and
Watches, nsaws saw veoiry i iieu
varraetod lX ssrh, uhsias tew a
taut with good work .
. IrTiwif .