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VOL VII ..THIRD SERIES.
SALISBTOY, H. ft DECEMBER 16, 1875.
IsfY MM I
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1 - - - .... 1 , . .
PUBLISHED WEEKLY I
J. J. BRUNER.
Proprietor and Ediioi .
THOS. K. BRUNER,
BATES OF M B R1PTION
rw "Year, payabletn advance. $2.f0
5 Copies to auv address .
ADVERTISING RATES :
Owe Square (1 inch) One insertion $100
Rates for a greater number of insertions
moderate. Special notices 25 per cent, more
jn rejrular advertisements, xveauing nouce.
5 cents per line for each and every insertion
a "Pull Synopsis of the Presi
dent's Annual Message to Con
Wasiuxoton, JJec. v. ine message
onens : "In submitting my seventh an
naal message to Congress in the centen
nial year of our national existence as
free and independent people, it affords
me great pleasure to recur to the advance
ment that lias been made hom the time
of the Colonies one hundred years ago
We were then a people numbering only
three millions ; now we number more than
fort v . Then industries were confined al
most exclusively to the tillage of the soil ;
now manufactures absorb much of th
labor ot t no country, war iiDerties re
main unimpaired ; the bondsmen have
been freed from slavery, and wd"have
become possessed ot the respect, if not
the friendship, of all civilised nations'
Graphic and well worked details foil w
The President earnestly recommends that
a constitutional amendment be submitted
to the legislatures nuking it the duty o
each Stale to establish and forever main
tain free public schools adequate to the
education of children in rudimentary
branches within their respective limits
irrespective of sex, c dor, bu t h, place or
religion, forbidding the teaching in said
schools of religious, atlheistic or pagan
tenets and prohibiting the granting of any
school funds or school taxes or any part
thereof, cither by legislative, mauicipal or
other authorities for the benefit or in
aid, directly or indiiectly of any re
ligious sect or denomination, or in aid,
or for the bent fit of any other object of
any nature or kind whatever. He alludes
io the importance of correcting the evil of
at amounts of untaxed church property,
and estimates that by 1S90, if unchecked,
this property will reach n sum exceeding
three thousand million dollar, lie would
suggest the taxation of all property
equally, excepting only the last resting
lilace of the dead.
Relations with most foreign powers
continued on a patisfactory aud friendly
footing. The I'i evident is happy to an
nounced the passage of an act by the
general consent of Portugal, abolishing
ilarery in the colonics.
The past year has furnished no evidence
of an approaching termination of the ruin
ous conflict which has been raging for
even years in Cuba. The same disre
gard of the laws of civilized warfare and
tbe just demand of humanity which have
heretofore called forth expressions of con
demnation jruin the nations of Christen
dom have continued to blacken the sad
scene. Desolation, ruin and pillage are
pervading the rich fields of the one of the
most fertile and productive regions of the
earth, and the incendiaries torch, firing
plantations and valuable factories and
buildings, is the agent marking the alter
nate advance and retreat of the contend
ing parlies. The President narrates dam
age to the interests of all commercial na
tions, especially to thoso of tho United
Slates and the security of property own
ed by the citizens of the United States
in Cuba. lie had hoped Spain could
be enabled to establish pcaco in her
colony. Because ol this bope and from
an extreme reluctance to interfere in the
affairs of another and a friendly nation, lie
bai patiently and anxiously awaited the
progress of events. The armed bands of
cither sido now occupy the ground as in
The President makes a long argument
nd concludes : "A recognition of the
independence of Cuba being in my opin
on impracticable and indefensible, the
question which next presents itself, is
that of the recognition ol brilligerent rights
n parties to the contest." After further
wgument. the Preeideut concludes: "The
"cognition of independence or of belliger-
fuey Icing thus iu my judgement equally
DAQangible, it remains to consider what
course shall be adopted. Should tbe con
b'ci not soon be brought to an end by
sets of the
tbs evils which result therefrom, affecting
J nations, and particularly the United
tates, coutiuuc, in such event. I am of
0P'ia that other I inn a will he- enm
Polled to assume the responsibility which
devolves upou them and to seriously con
der the only remaining measures possi
ble, mediation and intervention." After
Inn k. - . . .
'-i-cr Bimtraent, lie says, "at the same
vim. ... I ri . . :
T"! wnue thus impressed. I do not at
nme lecommend the adoption
urther communication to Conrress at
some period not tar remote and daring the
present session, recommending what m ty
then seem to me to be necessary."
a ti w -
Aiiuaing to smuggling through the
free Bono and cattle raids on the Rio
Grande, the President says, "aa expert
meat of an armed ve ssel on the Rio
Grande for that purpose is on trial, mod
it is nopea mat it not thwarted by the
shallowness of the river and other natur
al obstacles, it may materially contribute
to the protection of the herdsmen ot Tex
Oecan telegraphs are discussed at great
length, bat no allusion is made to the
Discussing specie resumption, the Pres-
dent says : "Too much stress cannot be
laid upon this question, and J hope Con
grese may be induced at the earliest
day practicable to insure consummation
of the act of the last Congress at its last
session, to bring about specie resumption
on and after the first day of Junuarv.
1879. at farthest. It would be a great
blessing if this could be consnmmiated
at even an earlier day. Nothing seems
to me more certain than that a full, healthy
and permanent reaction cannot take place
in favor of the industries and financial
welfare of the country until we return to
a measure of values recognized through
out the civilised world. While we use a
currency not equivalent to this standard,
the world's recognised standard of spe
cie becomes a commodity like products of
the soil, the surplus seeking a market
wherever there is a demand for it. Un
der onr present system, we should want
noue nor would we have any were it not
that eustoms dues are paid in coin, and be
cause of pledges to pay the interest on the
public debt in coin. The yield of the
precious metals would flow out for tbe
purchase of foreign productions and leave
the United States hewers of wood
and drawers of water, because of wiser
legislation on the subject of finance by the
nations with whom we have dealings. I
am not prepared lo say that I can suggest
the best legislation to secure the end I
most heartly recommend. L will be
a source of great satisfaction to me to be
able to approve any measure of Congress
looking effectually towara securing the
resumption. Unlimited inflation would
probably bring about specio payments
more speedily ;han any legislation look
ing to redemption of legal tenders in coin,
but it would be at the expense of
honor. Tbe hgal tenders would have no
value beyond set ling the present liabili
ties, or properly speaking, repudiating
th in. They would bring nothing after
all other debts were settled. These arc
a few measures which seem to m impor
tant in this connection, and which I com
mend to your earnest consideration. A
repeal of so much of tho legal lender act as
makes these noies leceivablu f-r the debts
contracted after a certain date to be fK-d
in the act itself ; say not later than the
first of January 1876. A hearty reaction
would wet ia at once and with it, a desire
to make the currency equal to what it
purports to be.
Tho President elaborates the good
effects which would follow this sugges
tion. Second, that the Secretary of
Treasury be authorised to redeem, sa v .
not to exceed two million dollars monthly
of legal tender notes by issuing in their
stead a long bond bearing three sixty nve
inndredths per cent of denominations
rat-ging from fifty to a thousand dollars
each ; third, that additional power be
"As this will be the last message I
shall have the honor of submitting io
Congress before my successor is chosen,
I will repeat or recapitulate the questions
which 1 deem of vital importance and
which may be legislated upon and settled
at this session : First, that tbe States
shall be required to afford the opportuni
ty of a good common school education
to every child within their limits. Second,
no sectarian tenets shall ever be taught
in any school supported in whole or in
part by the State or Nation or proceeds
of any tax levied upon any community ;
make education compulsory so far as to
deprive all persons who cannot read and
write from becoming voters after the year
1S90, disfranchising none, however, on
grounds of illiteracy who may be voters
at the time this amendment takes effect :
Third, Declare church and Si ate forever
separate and distinct, but each free within
their proper spheres, and that ail church
property shall bear its owu proprotion of
taxation : Fowth, drive out licensed im
morality such as polygamy and the im
portation of women for illigitimate pur
poses. I recur again to the Centennial year.
It would seem as though now, as we are
about to begin tbe second century of our
national existence, would be a most fitting
time for those reforms. Fifth, enact such
laws as will secure a speedy return to a
sound currency such as will command the
respect of the world. Believing that
these views will command themselves
to the great majority of the right thinking
and patriotic citizens of the United States.
I submit the rest to Congress.
(Signed.) U. S. Grant.
VI Any measure of intervention." He
aa "persuaded however, that a proper
JgArd for the in Wrests of the United
Atei and its citizens entitle it to relie
.rm the strain to which it has been sub
Jtcted by the difficulties of the questions
. lDe wngs and losses whichariaefrom
y contest iu Cuba, and that the iuterest
, ""inanity itself demand tbe cessation
r strife before tho whole Island shal
Z U wt,t0 l'ger sacrifices of life
J "ade, I shall feci it my duty, should
J uvpeg of a mtiafuotnr iHilutmeilt
The Moqui Indians.
A portion of the Hayden exploring ex
pedition penetrated that part of Arizona
occupied by tbe "Moqui Indians," a tribe
differing so widely in their habits and
customs from the ordinary tribes of North
American Indians, as to lead to the sup
position that they spring from a distinct
race. They are gentle, peace-loving, and
unlike the wilder tribes, do not follow the
chase, but in a rnde way cultivate the
soil, from which they gain a scanty sup
ply of corn and some of tbe commoner
Cattle, eheep and goats, which they
raised in considerable numbers, find peren
nial pasturage in the valleys and on the
slopes leading up to the mesas upon which
their towns are bnilt. Their habitations,
which are built of stone, bear evidence
of having been erected at a period ante,
dating the discovery of this continent, and
are still substantial edifices, that give
promise of remaining after the remnant of
the tribe shall have passed a? ay.
These houses ate frequently four sto
ries high, each successive story receding
like terraces ou a hillside, and am io
connected as to make it uncertain where
one house ends or the other begiue. The
architecture -of these buildings bars a
striking similarity to that of the ruins of
ancient buildings fouud in many parts of
Arizona, and which are not unfrequenlly
met along the course of the Colorado and
San Juan rivers. The men of the Moqui
tribe, unlike the average Indian, preform
field labor, and gather and garner their
crops with a frugality which may be the
outgrowth of necessity, but which seems
to be the effect of a remote, but not to bo
underrated civilization, which their tradi
tions claim as having atone time prevailed
throughout the present territories of Ari-
given to the Secretary of tue TVeasUry to aona U( New Mexico, and the adjacent
accommodate gold for final redemption States of Sonoro and Sinaloa in Mexico,
either by increasing reveuue or dec.eas- -phe women, as in other tribes, do not
ing expeiiees on both. It is prefe.aole to Demr the burdens while the men lounge in
do both. idleness, and indulge in the vices incident
to barbaric life, but are busied with do-
coffee is suggested ; also the reduction on I mestic duties. They wear, in a primitive
certain articles such as hardly pay for sort of way, such blanket as cannot be
the cost and collection and such as enter- woven on the best looms that tho invent
into manufactures. He suggests some ive talent of Europe or America can pro
better means should be found for verify- duee, and which are equalled only by
ing claims against Government than those made by the Navajoes, a neighbor
through court claims, especially those I ing tribe, whose tastes and manners ot lite
growing out of the late war. They are in closely corresspond with their own. iros-
i . !.. t: I : . : 1....J L -t ....... k.
nearly every roaiauce. eioruimui. uia
cussine report of tbe Secretary of War,
i . . ' i u : . t a 4k ...Kt.
n lnYues sneciai auenwou iu ujm.iwk i mouuuiu nueci mum iuuii, ih wmw
three hundred thousand of subsistence I Comanches, Apaches, and Arapahoes,
Thb Orphan Asylum Rkport or
the Superintendent Mills. The re
port of this gentleman, submitted last
evening to the masonic grand lodge, in
regard to the present statue of the orphan
asylums at Oxford and Man Hill, is very
interesting, and reflects credit upon the
seal and energy displsyed by that gen
tleman in his labors in so good a cause.
Regret is felt in not being able to give
the report in full. Contributions to the
Oxford asylum from Dee 1, 1874, to Nov.
30, 1875, amounted to S13.095.98. Dis
bursements for same period, 812,540.37,
leaving on hand a balance of S551.61.
These figures inelude the receipts and
disbursements for Mars Hill until Sept.
1, when the books of that institution were
opened. Tbe number of orphans reported
as present at Oxford last year was 132 ;
admitted since that report 50, making
182 ; discharged 57, died 2, runaway 3
expelled 3, leaving 105 inmates at pre
sent. The total contribution in cash from
September 1, to November 30, for Mars
Hill asylum were $353.21. One mule
was sold for $100 and $1 10 received from
the Oxford asylum, making the total re
ceipt 8553,34. The disbursements during
this time amount to $548,20, leaving on
hand $5,13. The contributions in kiud
have not been so liberal as might have
been expected in a country blessed with
abundant crops, but some few individuals
have made frequent and liberal donations.
Repairs on the main building aud the
erection of other buildings, the purchase
of furniture, &c, havo caused the expen
ses to be rather heavy, but these improve
ments are of a permanent character. The
number of orphans admitted to this asy
lum has been 35, expelled 1, runaway 2,
discharged 3, leaving now present 29 of
them. 10 were transferred from Oxford,
some to assist iu entertainments and olh
ers for their health. The continuance of
this institution is recommended by the
superiutendaut for various reasons, aud
th people of the west are urgently ap-
c tied to to give a more hearty support
to it. lialeigh Sentinel.
of tbe reealar eron renortem
represent the ravages of dogs as tbe prin
cipal ooeraeie to sheep-raisfng, snd esti
CHALK. Most neonla lankinr at thi
substance would tk it tm k . f mate that fifteen per cent, of the sheen in
hardened white mud. Such is not the 106 Sut ar ""lly killed by dogs,
ease, as the microscope shows that it is d that ,tx P rt lost by disease
nothing bnt the agglomerations of erea ndrU,',r
tores almoat invisible. Bearing this ia ' , special correspondents on sheep
mind, one is astonished at the power of "sbao7 tbose actually engaged in the
organic life, which can produce masses : DO"'Df' anl henee more familiar with
that farm a rampart on the coast of Eng- 1 2? DJet wepe naked to state ta aria
land. Their minuteness is sueh that a ' c obetacles to sheep-husbandry. Nioe-
iy per cent, ol tbe whole number report
the ravages of dogs aa the primnpmi. and
generally the only, obstacle. Taie beta-
single visiting card covered with a white
layer of chalk contains about 100,000
shells. These are formed of carbonate of
lime, and are so small that 10.000.000 are
required to weigh a pound, and 150, 000,
000 to make a cubic foot of the same ma
ike Patron of Husbandry of
In a previous number, we addressed
ourselves to the Patrons of the North,
setting forth some of the advantages of
the South as a farming eon try and a field
for immigration, and assuring those who
might come here to settle and aid in
building np our waste places, of a hearty
welcome from their brothers of the Order
among whom they might establish them
selves. We now desire to say a few
words to onr Southern Granges, bearing
on the same subject.
We have had Immigration Conventions
and Immigration Societies enough, bet
little has been done by them beyond the
cie is found almost insurmountable, io
the eaae of the small farmer who could
otherwise keep a few sheep, and restrict
the business mainly to those who keep
from four hundred to one thousand, and
can afford to employ a shepherd.
What is tbe remedy T jmjaMaeg
law, strictly enforced j
A crowd is not eomoanv. and far ar
bat a gallery of pictures, where there Is ao
loye. Lord Bacon.
The darkness of death is like the even
ing twilight ; it makes all objects appear
more lovely to the dying. Ricktcr.
I know not why we should delay oar
passing of sundry excellent "resolutions." tokens of respect to these who deserve
We bave no farther need of such conven
tions and societies. Our State, County,
and Subordinate Granges, can do all that
any organization can do, much more easi
ly and effectually.
What those who are looking longingly
them, until the heart that oar sympathy
could have gladdened has ceased to beat.
As men cannot read the epitaphs inscrib
ed upon the marble that covers them, aa
the tombs that we erect to virtue often
1 u o . r. i y c.u I i .
tuwaru mo ouuiu, as a noma ana ucia oniy prove our repentance that we neg
tor rue exercise or ineir laienis ana in
dustry, most want, is trustworthy infor
mation in regard to our soil, climate,
crops, railways, rivers, means of trans
portation, markets, schools, churches,
and so forth ; and especiallv of the dis
position and feeling of our people, toward
settlers. Such information our Graneerv
can give ; and, comiug from them, bound
by sacred obligations and fraternal lies,
it would be authoritative, with all mem
bers of the Order at least, everywhere.
ifourbtate Granges find it inexpedi
ent to take active measures in this matter,
let the initiative be taken by Pomona
Granges, Comity Councils, and other
associations of Gr inges, or by single Gran
ges, where c - operation is impracticable
n WL JULIAN.
Is bow resviviac and opening far the in
spection of the people nf geBsbui mmi I
aa County tbe Beat Select eu Stuck of
staple 4 rmvmcEtics,
that has eer beeo exhibited la ReJW
Faaev Brands of Cigar and Char I
at inn am f gareo. Caadiaa, Bota
plain aad Casey . Pig, harass.
Oraagna. Raisins. Jelliaa.
sad ta msteaytaang the a tsat
eiaaa uroswry tx
also bars and snQa
aTTMM of emretry prose
my many fWoads bath ia
lected it when with us. Lord Tytton.
The Salisbury Watchman shows np a
copper coin bearing distinctly tbe date
17, wuicu makes it 1.858 rears old.
This is good, bnt we can do better than
that. The late John C. Wood, of this
city, possessed a rare and valuable col
lection of old coins and we reeoliee.t see
ing among them one (a silver coin) which
ante dated the birth of Christ by several
years. IV ilmington lievieic.
When oo waat Hardware at low
figures, eal I on the undersigned at No t
D. A. ATWELT.
Salisbury ,N. C.,May 1 J-U.
FRCIT TREES. VIJTE8 A PLANTS. 1
larjr stork at reasonable rates.
New Catalogue for IH75 and 70 with foll-da
scriptions of fruits, sent free.
Address CRAFT A 8AILOR,
Yadkia Coontr. N. C.
w a ua v h
ot i, !;.-
ling milk; lugging it cut of the cellar; Appoint a committee to set forth fairly ked her to study it. She com
rushing milk -pans; washing dishes; aud truly, in tho form of a circular, the en be came home to sapper be
weeping; making-beds; cooking for three advantages of your county, parish or -'"g wy, hair down, slippc-
No servant ; six cows; large house;
three children, one a babe ; up in morning
at 5 o'cbu-k ; the milking the cows ; get
ting breakup ; baking ; scrubbing; skim
m m I t i i l a.aan
or tour hungry harvest bands three times ncigtiuornood, ana the inducements you
a day ; churning with a machine if his can offer to settlers ; print it and eiruhtte
honor the do was willing, but if not, if it by thousau
cuiTs aud cart-sses tailed to make him do the North. We have cases in miud,
his duty, theu churning by hand ; picking iu which a small pamphlet descriptive ot
and canning berries and cherries, and attractive localities has been published in
preserving fruit in other ways (and if oue subordinate Ganges, and widely circa-
ia a (hirfty housewife she wants to put up lated with large practical results. Such
as many cans as her neighbor, who has a work must tell. It is the one thing that
A T ... .
a isctroit man, who was greatly an
noyed because his wife was net better
posted in history, procured a volume aad
be found ber
ppcrs on ; all
the fires oat but one, and no sign of sap
per. She said she was not sick, knew
iiiLia , ui nit io aiiu vii wimbv I t" I ae
d- among the Granges of "PP". bi "P.
V l in mnA Bb Bett,e ck ' her chair, "l can
tell you all about the first discoverv of
Florida, as straight as a suing !" That
history has not been opened since that
NEW MILLINERY STORE.
At the old stand of Footer A Horak.
Just receired a full line of llata, and Boo-
neu, trimmed and untrimmed. Kibhooa, Krarfc
and all tbe latest French and American oovel-
One word more. Off r liberal induce
ments to settlers. Deal generously with
them when they come among you. Do
not ask two prices for yonr land, just as
soon as you find somebody willing to buy.
It will even to give actual settlers small
tracts, for tbe sake of the enhanced
couple of hired girls to help) ; children to
wash, dress and feed; baby to tend;
butter to make ; garden to tend ; washing,
ironing and a multitude of the lesser duties.
Foor u omau ! but why do you pity
ber ? True, she makes her owe bed, and
if hard she made it ; but poor woman !
nevertheless. Is it any wonder that her 1 value their improvements would
thongbts grow bitter and lhat her heart tbe adjoining property
aches sometimes as bad as her bead and
back ? And that husband and children
come iu for eharp words and angry tones
from the irritable, hard-worked wife and
mother ? Is it any wouder that the wife's
hair is uncomcd and her morning work
ing dress unchange for a clean one 1
And the children neglected in both body
Now is the time to take hold of ibis
work. With enterprise, energy and
perseverance, it will succeed-
D. II. JACQUS,
Drputy of tie State Grange of Somtk Carolina.
A Negro Huso for M trder. Law
yer Bryan, col., was hung at Beaufort,
ou Friday last for tho murder in Mar.
1874, of Mr Michael Langley of Onslow.
He confessed on the gollows having com
mitted the murder.
Bryan was bnt a mere youth when the
murder was committed, some seventeen
years of age ; and the evidence against
him was purely circumstancial. The case
was removed from Onslow to Carteret, in
which latter he was eovicted and senten
ced to death, bat from one or another
tbe negro baa been three times respited
The Govenor, however, refusing to inter
fere farther, Bryan on Friday expiated
Orders executed with cart and dtapaicb.
Pinking and Stamping. dine Io order.
The Score will be conducted on Use Cas sys
tem anl no gonda or work will Sc charged to
any one. This role i anrarible.
MRS. 8. J. HALY BURTON.
April, 15th ow.
Ml Stick 1875"
Dog Raising vs. Sheep Raising;. hi m on lhe tfrtmws.-ikteieA tfears.
A North Carolina Inventor, and
Education in North Carolina.
A letter from Raleigh to the N. Y.
i Herald contains the following interesting
aa s uJ i i voauiiv aw saaa uvi a. ww i
i-1 sessing a country isolated by great stretch- statements :
r, es of arid desert, and almost impenetrable "n departm
tent of education,
which stands third in the classification
announced by the director-general of the
Tho Department of Agriculture of the
State of Georgia is an institution which
the State may well be proud of, and Com
missioner 1 homos P. Janes is evidently
the right man in the right place. When
such a bureau, with a competent head,
shall form a part of the administration of
every State, a new era will dawu upon
Commissioner Janes has been investi
gating bbeep Husbandry, as it exists in
Georgia, and has brought to light and set
120 Bags Coffee,
50 Barrels Sugar,
40 " Molaaoes,
5000 lbs. Bacon, 2000 lbs. Lard,
2000 lbs. Beat Sugar Cared Hams,
20 Kegs Soda,
20 Boxes u
50 " Adamantine Candles,
40 ' Soap, 2000 lb- Carolina Rice,
Well Dose, Sheriff. Since the
close of the war, Wake county has not
had a sheriff that came to lime with the
taxes, and has been skinned right aad
h ft Hat ho it rmfmhfrpd all the rlnwti-
right stealing came from the republican I 30 Casea Oysters,
party. Now oar regularly nominated d. Brandy Peaches,
and elected Democratic sheriff has placed
the county on the roll of honor again
Yesterday, Sheriff Dunu called on the
state treasurer snd plsnked down
A & a i i a a
S30,60,7b. liive us an honest and reli
I ero on Syrup,
25 Gross Snuff, 25 Coils Cotton be J ate
' . 1 I ;Li.l VT -L f 1; I Imau lit. a 1 m in 'm t.M t IMM.I an A I . 1 A T 1.1 .
.iiii- t i i i i i rnvrntonna pi tiroiur.n. iorrn iaroi m utiuit uic ucu m mo ivm, ...vi, nv. n nrnr-pr iiao runn. an ci ima bmii
appropriation avaiiaoie oe ore Beginning wnose nana is against every man. o. " ".7-.hwin lucid stvle some rather astonishing facts. I ZZu ZiTa t kilT .r"iL-1 40 doa. Painted Pails,
. . I v-r i . .i. I . . r . w . . .
of the next fiscal yeai. The repeal of the not molested them, and they have, since
law abolishing mileage and return to the their history has been known among us,
old system of appropriation for torpedo pursued their innocent avocations undis-
trials qy corps of Engineers, permauent I turbed by tbe turmoil ot contending tnoes,
. f 1 I - - ,f ln mat.
organization ror signal corps. i or mo aggressive iuuutihuui ui u.
The condition of onr navy at Ibis time less immigrants whose search tor - Area
be says is a source of satisfaction. Re- dia" is too often marked by treachery aud
viewing the details of defects as compared injustice.
with other nations, he says, "but neither The tribe, whose traditions point to a
our continental situation or our foreign remote time when their people covered a
policy require lhat we should have a large vast region over which tbe rains of an
number of these powerful cruising won eient villages ' and forfeited towus are
clads while our situation and the nature of thickly scatterred, has now dwindled to a
our ports combine to make those of other mere handful less than two thousand
nations little dangerous to us under any and the empty, moss-grown houses that
circumstances. We have fifty war ships liue the ancient courts and streets of their
including fi.teen iron clads now in hand seven remaining towns, give melancholy
on the Atlantic Coast." evidence that the gentle race is rapidly
Tho postal service is entirely satisfac- passing away. Among the long list of
tory. The President suggests the power American pastoral tribes, the Moquis, in
for the exclusion of me.ehand;se from the their love of agricultural pursuits, their
mails. affection for their offspring, the considera
The method of ti eating Indians, adopt tiou with which they treat their women,
cd at the beginning of my first term, has the iuterest they take in manufactures, as
been steadily pursued with satisfactory illustrated in the production of blaukets,
and encouraging results. It haa been wollen cloths, pottery, &c., the absence,
productive of evident improvement in the in their midst, of fire-arms or other impte
condition of that race, and will be con- men ts of war, the love nf home and the
linued with such modifications as exper- traditions lhat cluster around it, their
ience may indicate to be necessaiy. He horror of contention, aud their shrinking
speaks cheerfully and liberally regarding modesty of demeanor mark them, if not a
the Centennial. - separate type, as a tribe occupying an ad
He says of the bureau of agriculture, it vaneed position in intelligence aud eivili
has accomplished much in disserainaling zatiou.
useful knowledge to the agriculturalist. They have been importuned to remove
and also introducing new and useful pro- to more fertile regions, but bave tavaria
ductions adapted to oar climate, and is bly refused to do so, preferring to remain
worthy of the continued encourgement of on the prehistoric spot, aud preserve tbe
l.o r witor ii men t. traditions and the results of the labors of
I m miBIMIUI T BU1H.I1UV". I M. WW T w i "
""a of i hi. ,..! . .: " ,A I tr0 Ai.roAtori7.pii the condition of affairs 1 a Ions? ana of ancestors whose nraceful
'Be removal of future causes of complaint I in Utah as scandalous. As an institution triumphs crowned lives lhat vers simple,
be Uulntnn.l. .1! '! . j . ?l l .Un.,M K. kaniahiMl from the oarnpat and frnitfnl. 1
. e i ... ... ...
they teel assured they win oe applied in
the manner the law directs. Well done,
Dunn, you have redeemed the county.-
Dr. Glass, living near Granby, who is
clearing up a new farm, has been iroublcd
with a Urge number of big oak stomps.
Despite the large per centage of illiteracy, He finds, for instance, that the average
the grade of her institutions of learning profit on capital invested in sheep in
has been, and is nowt uniformly high. Georgia, is tixty-three per cent.; that tbe
In tho matter of female education espe cost of keeping sbeep is ouly pjly-fowr
cially, she occupies a very high rank, cents per head; that while unwashep wool
At Greensboro, at Salem, at Charlotte, at nets, on an average 27 j eeuts per pound,
Murfreesboro, and here in Raleigh, are the cost of raising it is only six cents-, that
great schools for girls, whose curriculum an average ef seventy-four lambs are rais-
of studies is fully equal to the average ed for every one hnndred ews ; that the
II C t mmarm wo nrtett nf lumha anld to the bntcllPT .
cuufK'3 ior novo. I ' i i . . . . . . .1
I have iuet seen a letter from Richard in Georgia, is $1.82; aud that tbe average He bad beard that salt petro was good lor
J. Gatliug, a native of North Carolina, prieo of stock sheep ia $2.53 per head; slumps, Accordingly, about a couple of
and full of loyal loyc for the State of his and of muttons $2.75. Other figures are months ago ho spnnkled on the
birth, stating that he will put on exhibi- given showing the profitableness of sheep top of each stump about a ubleepoouful
tion four specimens of his famous Gatliug raising. of pulverised ssltpetre. A few days ago
gun, representing the different sixes now In the face of these facts, however, it is he set fire to the stump, snd says they
manufactured under his direction. The ascertained that, while there were in commenced and continued to bora until
primitive lo house where he was born Georgia in 18C0, 512,518 sbeep, and in every stump was totally consumed, roots
still stands "near Murfreesboro, in Hert- 1870, 418,465, there are now but 319,323, and all, so that he was able to plow with
ford county. His brother, who occupies "bowing a decrease from 1860 to 1870 of out the least difficulty over the very
the old Galling homestead, will carry to 93,163, and from 1870 to 1875, of 100,143 ground formerly occupied by 'the same
Philadelphia the original models of some sheep in the State, or a decrease, in fifte.n stumps. He cays some of the stumps
of the juvenile inventions which betoken years, of 193,295, or 38 per cent, do- burned four or five days,
ed the budding genius of the great crease during a period iu which there
armorer of the nation. Among the should have been 100 per cent, increase. Tbe negro will be again a disturbing
youthful devices of the modern Vulcan "Startling facta," truly. question between tbe sections, in that the
in a mini.itnrp irrAV nrODcller for af fam- Now, why is it that an industry which Sooth will gain political influence by
ships, identical with that subsequently pays sixty .three per cent, annually, on the reason of bis representation ta Congress
patented by Erieson. It waa made capital invested, is being abandoned 1 and tbe North will looe. Than as like
thirty-six rears ago. and is now rusty From the same source from which the causes produce like effects, fractional in-
with age. There are also curiously
wrought walking-sticks, whose ingenious
carving, though somewhat fantastic and
&urarrc,rivals in elaborate delicacy of fin
ish, the deftest handiwork of Canova.
The model will also be forwarded to
Philadelphia of the first wheat drilling
machine ever invented in the Uuited
States. It opeas the ridge, sows the
grain and covers it simultaneously. It
was patented in 1834.
number of sbeep in the Slate is obtained teres t will make the North and South
it ia learned that there are ninety-nine I change positions once more. Ia that
thousand four hundred and fifteen dogs in event it is clear from tbe past that tbe
Georgia, (thirty-ona dogs for every one permanence of franchise acquired by the
hundred sheep,) and that thev destroyed negro will depend on the good uoder-
betweeu April 1st, 1874, and April 1st, standing thai exists at the time between
1876. tweuty-eigbt thousand six hundred the races inhabiting tbe booth. If tbe
and twenty -five sheep. May we not find I colored man has foresight he will from lo
an explanation of the decrease in tbe num-1 day co operate with Southern white men.
ber of sheep in toe above figures I 1 Will tbe black ma i do so arrentun
Ia tee June report of the Department, Ya) Index
40 Boxes Assorted Candy,
100 Reams Wrapping Paper,
A full line of Wood Willo" ware.
A full Una of Boots A Shoe (very
A rail line or Hat.
A full line ef Saddles A Rridlct, Pali,
Ginger. Spies. Canned Goods. Royal iUkir.-
Powders. Clears. Tobacco, Crockery, Kerosene
Tanners A Machine O.I. c , Ac.
Tbe atxire stock was bought since tbe late
heavy decline in price, and taonVred at Whole
sale A Retail at rery abort profits, for ease.
BINGHAM A CO
June 3rd lrCo.
No. I . Heavy plow Shoes at flaw worth
" 'Women Shoes at $!K " ISO A 175
Ladies Ernbridrrod Slippers at 100 worth 10
Ladies Slippers at $125 worth 176,
Ladies Croquet Slippers at I14& worth fSOfi,
Ladies Cloth Gaiters U 175 worth t&O,
Ladies Cloth Goiters at $H& worth $300,
A large lot of Children Sboca eery cBoep.
lilStill AM AGO.
Insurance and Banliic Coapy.
Capital and Assets over $410.000
State Deposit 15.000
PROPERTY INSURED attnJIST LltS IT
At the Lowest Current Rates.
Take a Pulley la the Lynchburg aad sloop
I am also Ageat tor the Nwrtk Caroliaa
State Lits Insurance Ccmpasy.
if yon havo the good of your Country at
heart k v yar saooey ia tbo South
help build up Home Institutions.
J. D. McKEELY.
- - ' f r 1 . '
f nil u in(M i n. rri lu&u u no TtrauiT ouvmu w - v. -