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VOL IX.--THIRD SERIES
SALISBURY. ''Hi,, ;C,:, PMtt?.AtY,; 2i;;i879?
i r - - i i 1111111 f
tnis u:t ,.-, ' . i-'
Mt: Verxox, X. C.
- Feb. 4th, 1878. ?
TA . w.W..r.x-. Tf m k.. n
,v Vi i a i ..V T.",i,V.st. " ?r ls
U liaf I tCjuttv Altmir. r ntt '7 lint. ti ;
bound injustice to Bay,) of viudy Iiaran-
guea and imaginary statement, too learn
rI or lylttij, to be of much use. I anf far
from denying, however, that the small
leaven of. truthful and practical matter
which they contain "lea ventli the whole
lump'' atouesJbr the objectionable fea
tures ; and iiiay and does make these pe
riodicals of infinite value to the man of
culture and judgment for he will Tcnow
wbat to. cull and-what to reject.
The Honorable Professor Dry rehashes
the old chemistries, natural philo-
Mphie and geologie we
.lnnl nml Mr. Pftrmpr Smart brn.rt
1,U 'millet, and oats and notatoe I
1 patches. Such as Dry and Smart are apt
f to contribute the general drift of the mat-
I ter published-then some clever, sensible
' ieilOW lilllr IKlll it LU1IIIIII1, nil" j.v
. nuction in his "short sermon" than is
; found in all the other thirty odd pages of
the magazine. Now commend, me to the
' "siftinjr process" when I sit dowji to
read such "oonsarns" a n o intam of
dirt and rubbish to a grain of gold.
Well, now I've give 'em a regular sprink-
ling of duckshot from 'my old gun, let'em
go. 'Taint worth while tube too censor- r
ious-and, in n.y heart of hearts, I must j
BOilre 1115 Ituiu ii-iiro nun i tu uetin iiiiu
,iA ,-f oil iwtr if -t.iio i.i imi,..! i.nMi ;i
ithhfs von. as ant as not, courteous read.- '
t er,) would only patronize 'em, and" pay
I 'em, and not keep 'em in a run all the time
hunting ahttle bread and meat to keep edi- j
tor and tvpo alive. How can a literary:
lalorer or any other workman, iutellec-
: tual or manuei, perform his task with
; force and discretion, wjien he's hungry:
and anxious and tired and bambodzled
: half to death bv a precious lot of folks
whom Horace Gi-eeley was wont to denomi-
irate as "the ten thousand fools?" They
i -r-not the fools, but the agricultural writ-
er8,loaheap of good, anyway. the
mischief is their printed sheets don't set
taken enough to do the millionth part ot
. the good' they iniht and ought to do.
They are like the mass of mankind, and
- the mass of farmers firing too much in
I the air and around the bush their aim is
; too indirect and scattering and fussy
they don't go straight for the big game
i and the'best game and what they're sure
to kill, as Colonel Crockett did.. They
' have no what d'ye call it xiiittemthafs
theword no plans under the heavens.
: They're going along, like the Gipsy
where to is quite a secondary consideration.
Sam Slick. wisely puts down all fhis-des-ultory
aimlessuess of our race under the
weeping" caption of "Human Natnr;"
Nasby may call it "ingrained cussedness,"
"for" wat I know : but no matter; we all
? undeACaiuTit, Its easier grumbled at than
, ! i. j- v i i.- i
mended ; so we 11 not fret about it, bat get
along-side of tlie glorious old plowman,
.-'Bob Burns, and sing : ,
"A man's a man for a' that."
In social circles, both he-that tells what
everybody knows, and he that narrates
what nobody believes are liisnfievable
bores. And what are books and maga-
, zines and papers but the talk of the mul
1 titude rippling over the paper ? How ma
il ny men do you meet in a day' who are
And'.how many farms are just like these
folks, and books, and papers things all
out of time and place all confusion ; lit
tle good being done, from jne season to
another, and most of the concern taking
a swift gallop down hilfall. the while?
The hillside is cleared and allowed to be
plowed and washed away before the bot
tom is ditched and fenced. The bottom
is not planted soon enough after the fresh
et, because it's muddy in there ; and a crop
is lost, which it takes the owner of the
place five years to make up ; buying, com
every year. 1 he lianas are gone to a
: march or a frolic perhaps to hire to some
body else in the height of the com-work- ,
ing season, when General Green is march- 1
ing double-quick night and day, and
when their labor is worth, not les than
three and, perhaps, as imich as five dollars
- a day in their-oim crop blest if they
arn't working sometimes iu the next field
- At fifty cents a day. The fences are annu
? ally repaired with brush and poles till
they hold neither out nor in any longer ;
for.it is "against the religion" of many
stalwart laborers to strain themselves
making rails. The cows are never penned
, orshedded, the manure is scattered and
tfll f on anything Know.. And thi, thatvjrSu ete d
Imt9 tnein.nind''oftheagncnltn.al pa- tfanw not worJu tJki about ,
,k.w and the farmerVcidnains .in th oth- Come to tl,e couut , , f
rrjoumaK T e etm to be made up, bling millionH, and fight the pLic from
for the uort part,. Cvet with some very thold fort-fiiht it over the plow handles
notable and honorable exceptions, I am vta si,...-i :n
t lost, and H takes halt as much more to leed things perverted are the worst. Chris
,the creatures, not to speak of half of 'em ! t- Wrth b tJecolneg a curse. Ke
dying in an extra cold winter. Everv- , , . , , ,
thingisfrmrM.70H;land, stock, tools, owii- Bgious education trampled on becomes a
er and all, with no prospect of resuscita- "fountain of moral disease. Sabbaths
hum, rejioeu.iiiou, resurrection inis sine
. W 1 T X 1 A 1 S 4 1 I
oi doruaji. ii siix) tare. i loom v picture,
witJeHJuinaiiycasesisn fit so! Much
; be attributetl to narrow-mindedness of the
customs under which he lives customs
which griud him down under the highest
taxes and the lowest possible pi ices for
-produce customs which have made
the young men leave the farm, with its
drudgery, for something nicer in town
customs which make railroad magnates
i and politicians to roll iu wealth while the
honest son of toil is struggling vainly
i for a bare living customs which have
written "Mene, meue, tekel; upharsin" in
, blazing letters upon our institutions, na
tional and social customs which preach I
that there is no hell for rogues and plenty j
. oi compromises and bargainings for frauds
-customs which have torn down our
time-honored citadels of truth and set up
the goddess Falsehood as worthy of all
A reverence customs, not of our 'fathers,
, but of: these latter day-saints and of the
Enemy of mankind! Where men feel
confidence in the way things are going
on, and where labor is undisturbed and
encouraged, prosperity will prevail. But
where bondholdersVhd rascals rule, there
is 110 confidence where the laborer is
uncertain, the lands will go down. Money
is the life-blood of the farmer; and, when
he can't get it, he staggers. Yet the
"darkest hour is just before the dawn.'
- j ..-w vvAvrau UU1
May we not hope aye w ithout hope, we
lose. all. In the meantime, with all his
discouragements, the farmer is the only
independent man among---the workiiur
rim. ; and if all the loiterers and grunib-
lers in the towns and alonir the railroads
and Til out the factories and mines will
only "go back io Uie faVing," I Ihiuk the
country ean fight is great financial trou-
b,"8 witl' far I prospect of ulthnat
triumph. It haa Wei well .aid that "there
,lw ,,,ore "-udgery in farming than in
- . "
cue the citizen yet.
E. P. H.
A LOST SON OF
1 -- -
"Wherefore do the wicked live T" Seme
wicked men are among the most useful of
mankind. Certain poisons medical science
110 otl'er l-emedy. So certain examples
" :, ' " I
of iniquity may be" transformed by the
p.ace of God into remedial forces by the
eontrast th furnish to tlie virtues, and
thevisdom thev teach to observers,
Kiug Ahaz is one of tlie stupendous
niomeut8'of guilt iu IsraeJitish history.
He is one of the tew men in any history of
whom not ouegood thing is recorded. His
caieer' was one uniform and - unmitigated ;
stream of iniquity from beginning to end.
Xot one virtue or virtuous act is thought '
worthy of mention in hU whole life. So
.... ... ...
via " " a
oiacK aiiu uisgiaceiiu was ins reiirn. tnat
when he died the indignant and revolted i
conscience of the nation refused him bur- '
ia, iu te r1 nchrem
inonire what lessons mav i)P !
Ul Im inquire wnac lessons may be
learned from the life of such a supreme I
model of deoravitv . ' ' '. j
T- ,nfr- iltatvoa fi., j nf
, y 7 " J
racier by which the mcketluess of a man
ftr proportioned to the amount of hohj in-
HeCe which he has conauned. Sv fin.l '
i,-;., ,t.. ,i ;.. ti...
., -, . j V.
xtr'iue facilities which he had for being
a saint. He was the son ot a godly tather.
vonth was nassnl under the. restraints of
his holv example. He was one in a royal
line which had been distinguished for ex-
amples of illustrious piety. He had good
blood. IIermflfmn,l .tfc. If, t.w
tmitli Hlon- of litl.Amm.A.hA..f tl.A
world, 1ield his crown swid kingdom by di
vine right as king of God's chose u people.
He knew that a splendid history lay behind
him, and that a more splendid future was
before him. In the line of regal descent
in which he w'as ; a connecting link, One
was to appearJn whom all the'nations of
t!ii. wurlfl wr t he lilessed. Tluit. u-
wi. --.. . - n . , .
cient. promise of (jroil to ilraham siianued
1,ke a rainbow the royal family ot Jndah.
Mysterious as its meaning was, it must
have been a power of moral restraint and
moral stimulus to a man .called of God to
sit on the throne of Judah.
- Said a French monarch, when once so
licited to consent to a dishonorable treaty:
':The blood of Charlemagne isin my veins;
and who dares to propose this thing to
me ?" The sense of honorable inheritance
must have been'a moral power of immense
significance to a monarch who stood in a
line of theocratic princes. And it was
not frittered away and lost in mere sense
of chivalry : it was a direct and potent
help to .holy living before God. Such a
combination of holy influence thisJudean
king broke through ; and therefore he be
came the man he was. The-depth of his
fall was proportioned to the momentum
acquired in bursting the bonds which held
Such is the natural working of things
in the experience of sin. It is a funda
mental law of character. As virtue is
proportioned in vigor to the temptations
resisted, so depravity is proportioned to
the forces of conscience and inheritance
and education and example and persua
sion, and the spirit of God, which have
been fought with- and conquered. This
must always be reckoned in forecasting a
man's future in a career of sin. The best
oroken become an opportunity to vice.
v..f.,....l ondKMito trJm;..n l.l.,..t1
i . ; s. become a foundation for
i l) "ans,iession, oecome a iounuauou ior
towering iniouitv. Convictions of sin re
sisted are often transformed into beliefs
of falsehood. The strivings of the Holy (
Spirit quenched, become the basis of Sa
tanic conquest. Devils fill the place from
which the spirit of God has been ejected
It used to be proverbiaHn the days of,
overseers were Northern men. who had to
nvpm.lthA emotion of tlioir vnnt.li
and their inherited faith in order to be
come slave-drivei's. This was one variety
of the universal law which governs the
degree of character, good or bad. Tell
me what good influence a man has defied
and scorned in becoming what he is, and" I
will give you the gauge of his depravity.
The worst of men are apostates fro the
best of faiths.
2. The career of this apostate prince
illustrates also the faithfulness of God in
chastising the wicked men for their good.
"The Lord brought Judah low because of
Ahaz." From the beginning to the end
of his reign, he experienced the truth that
tae transgressors is hard. Ia war
' he was whiimed all around. In alliances
' he was cheated and checkmated His
1 i i v lL j
People Were P bJ thousands,
Nothing went well with him. His public
life was one long career of defying God,
vvv ni i iiiv tiincn auu uuu mil i CO"
yet of Gods jfsistent efforts to savehiin
by chastising him. " f
This is repeated over and orer again iti
tlie experience of wicked men. -Such men
often think it a great mystery that they
suffer w much. They da not understand
why it is that misfortune pursue4hem so.
"Just my.luck" says one, stiien ill success
attends his business.,'? iYet often the secret
reason is that God is trying to save the
man." He is contending with God iu one
way, and God is contending with him in
another. There is no luck about it. It
lis God's faithfulness to the soul at the
expense of the pocket. - --.-rr
"It is a great nay stery j I do hot under
stand it ; it is unjust, -eays an ungodly
man whom disease lays low, perhaps just
on the eve of splendid . successes. The
cup is dashed from his lips, just when he
him perhaps till he is glad to find such
i. ' i i i i l i - i
rest as hetran in the grave, j Often it is
no mystery. It is God's striving to save
the man. It is God's faithfulness to his
soul, at the cost of his body. Somebody's
praj-ers are answered in his affliction.
In one of the works of a popular author
';tf fiction, a wicked man, engaged in a
w"-eu uusmess, is represeuieu as scom-
Sd swearing at and beating his Chris-
wau lte because sue iersists poor sou u
iu PrayinS for him- He protests .that
she sha11 stoP Paying, or he must stop
Both cannot go on togeth
er one or ne otner masti Sve way
tninks ue 1,a tried it and found it so. The
fancy is often true to fact. Often prayer
cannot be answered except by chastising
a He must "hipped out of his
s'us or ne never can be a happy man.
This is the secret of the misfortunes of
mv in nnodlv man
an "'Y . , , ' . ,
The sufferings of this world are not in
a strict sense retributive. They are dis-
cinlinary. The world of retribution lies
farther on. In love. God holds the rod
over many a bad man. He
it i ;i i.:... ii
ere, anu ne strides mm lueie
flail threshes him like wheat. He sur-
rounds him with trouble. He heaps up
misfortunes. They come, thick and fast,
Life is one long disappointment. "Few
and evil have my day s been ,
is his la
ment as he looks backward : "All is vani
ty and vexation ofc spirit." Is not this
the general feeling with which men reach
old age with out the consolations of re
ligion ! "Oh that I had never been born!"
exclaimed Voltaire in his old age. lint
in this experience of the wicked, God is
never vindictive. This isjiis way of striv
ing to save men from eternal death.
Sometimes he pursues it to the very last,
till the grave closes over the incorrigible
sinner, and he passes on to a world where
the retributive decisions of eternity dis
place the benigu discipline of time.
3. The life of this depraved prince il
lustrates further the extreme which sin
reaches when men fight successfully against
God's chastisements. "Iu tlie time of his
distress did he trespass yet more against
the Lord." This is the teartul .phenome
non sometimes witnessed in the develop
ments of sin iu this world. Some men are
not subdued by suffering. They refuse to
bow to chastisement. The more they
suffer, the more they sin. Trouble angers
them agaiust God. They indicate their
growing fitness for the world of woe in
this induration of heart by which suscep
tibility to the softening effect of sorrow is
destroyed. Sometimes this phenomenon
is witnessed on a large scale. Times of
pestilence are proverbially times of un
usual wickedness in great cities. The
great plague in London developed the
vices of the metropolis frightfully. Men
patrolled the streets singing ribald songs
beside, the dead-cart. In the peril of
shipwreck, two classes of suffers are often
observed -. those whom the peril subdues
to prayer, and those whom it drives to
When the Pemberton Factory fell, two
classes of sufferers were crushed under
the ruins ; and two sets of voices came
forth from the smoke and flames. The
favorite hymns of the Methodist church
from the one drovned the curses and im
Piecaiious iioiu incomer. xmi uic uvu
i .1. 'PI Al. 1.
went up on those wings of tire to meet
tUa MntrBt e ti,
God! How like to the contrast of the
two crucified thieves: "Lord remember
me," and "If thou be Christ save 'thyself
and us !"
Few things are so truthful a touchstone
to the character of men as the way in
wnicn tney treat tne sunenng wnicu uoo
sends as chastisement. One man turns at
I t8 bidding and becomes an heir of glory ;
another defies it and becomes a monumeut
of perdition ! Lord, who maketh us to
4. The reign of this wicked monarch
illustrates the disappointment which wicked
me experience in their hopes of happiness
in sin. The historian relates of him : "He
said, Because the gods of the kings of
Syria help them, therefore will I sacrifice
to them that they may help me." But fAeiy
were the ruin of him. True to the life,
every word of it! In no more truthful
figure can we express the experience of
many young men living for this world
alone, as it seems to a looker-on, on the top
of the wave of human felicity. A rich man
seems to them a supremely happy man.
A successful statesman appears to have
all that an aspiring man can ask for. A
man who has gained the summit of social
rank and splendor becomes to many who
are below him the model of earthly bliss
Any man at the top 6f the ladder seem:
very bigh mu a man the ljottom Sd
a jouiij? BMii i ipi'ii )opW ODj frpM,
del.l.eray tofo.of ;
are allured ly'the fflamorfvrr'lmhgion
ty 'the glamor f ofr'ifr
prosperity. unq v&S Ut, ht,,.
But wlveu they;try tbp cxrjriuaentifor
themselves, 'it is the rniri of thhn The
fruit turns to ashes. No such young man
ever finds the w orld to be what ft looked
to bevben he eur ife Jt .
,s a beautiful mirage f W
WW' l i
.. . .a ... ... : . ... ,1
rne issue oi an uen expenments-Miisap-pointhient.
'This world is full of soured
nit l alt so miAl nfojl fnon TKa nwiwtA tmAli.
' 1 ,
gious meu are, the more profoundly they
experience this inward consciousness of
failure m their life's plans. Ihey have
"hewed out to themselves broken cisterns I
that can hold no water." j
In one of Hawthorne's thrilliuffly fear
ful fictions, he represented a wretched
,"""uu,ii"w"H "ltu " ,
bosom. Every now and then he clutches '
at his breast with his fingers crying : "It
gnaws me; it gnaws mei as ne wains
the streets among his kind, he thinks he
finds that every man he meets is cursed
with the same snaky guest in his bosom. '
Each man at intervals seems to thrust his
hand up to throttle the reptile. All alike ;
are doomed to the hideous companionship.
"It gnaws me; it gnaws me!" is the uni-
versal confession: The whole world seems
to his crazy fancy to be at the mercy of
vipers, each man warming and cherishing
,ns mvn' !
(Midi a worm is any worm ox oeings
given over to seeking happiness in itself.
Such is this world, except as its fearful
consciousness is relieved by the grace of
God. Such is Self in any man or woman,
when turned away from God and turned
inward. No flagrant crimes like those of
the Judean king are necessary to reduce
a man to this condition of inward and
conscious curse. Perjurv, arson, murder,
are not the only nor the most common '
precursors of 'such a doom. A man has
only to abandon God and live to himself,
and he is as sure of it as Judas. Such a
man may sit on the throne of the Ctesars,
or revel in the wealth of "farthest Ind;"
vet he carries the snake in his bosom. In
lis honest hours, when he confesses the
truth to his own soul, his soliloquy is, "It
miaws me: it gnaws me!"
5. The career of this wretched prince
illustrates the distinction which it is possi
ble for' a man to gain in this world as a mon
ument of guilt t "He did trespass more
against 4he Lord. This is that kittq Ahaz!"
Such is the reflection of the annalist, after
enumerating the monarch's crimes. "This
is that king Ahaz look at him; mark him !
let him stand in historv as a monster of
iniquity; let the world stand aghast at
him!" Such seems to bo the spirit of the
inspired recorder. Wc all naturally crave
distinction. One man for one thing, an
other for another; all hanker for it in
something. Anything to lift us up and
out of the common herd! This is the tem
per of a world without God. It is pos
sible for a man of reckless impiety to be
come illustrious for guilt, and that only.
Some such names stand out in history,
and will stand thus forever. Where all
are sinners, some become guilty above
their fellows; princes in depravity; royal
dukes in iniquity: men so like to Satan in
character that he dwells with and takes
possession of them before the time!
This, I repeat, is possible to any man.
It requires no great genius or inveutiou.
A man need uot travel far and explore
distant seas to gain the means of this hid
eous renown. It requires only a strong,
presistent and selfish will, determined to
fight God! This is the natural drift of
sin. What a scaffold is among human
punishments, what hydrophobia is among
deadly diseases, such may a man become
among his fellow-sinners, by simply giv
ing himself to himself, and defying the
rights of God.
This is the legitimate euding of a long
career of alternate chastisement aud sin
without repentance. A Cornish proverb
says: "He that will not be ruled by the
rudder must be ruled by the rock." This is
the rock on which haughty and defiant
guilt is wrecked. It is simply left to tself;
to become what it has chosen to be, such
a demon of iuiquity as to Ihj abhorred of
God and man. God save us from our
selves ! Wo carry withiu us the elements
of hell if we but choose to make them
such ! Ahaz, Judas, Nero, Borgie, Alva,
all were ouce prattliug infants iu hap
rv mothers' arms. The first babe of our
race a marvel of joy to the first mother
- was the murderer ! Who shall dare to
encounter the possibilities of human guilt
without the grace of God ?
2,000 Persons Perish in a Fire.
Paris, Feb'y 4. A telegram, dated
Shanghai, China, yesterday, Feby 3th
1878, published here, announces that an
asylum for women and children at the city
of Tientsin has been bnrned. Over two
thousand persons are stated to have per
ished in the fire.
SUSAN B. ANTHONY AS HEAD OP
Mrs.f5ooter recent speech.)
all, Aftec this you mut be called Sed-
.more f elegant.,, If
feh r ' ' ' '
vrvn 9m1 .Ht
it .WrT" ...f f ;..;- ,t-: i-1 I
a Sitting Bull Me want my land back.'
S B, JL.-Sedeutary Borine, who's (got 1
yourjandl A . , m
S. n , A Whifo lunnUon nflP fliif Tii.
.W.hue man to S. B, ADryp, Bag
S. B,A,White man, you're a. beast!
Mr. Hayeeiwdn't you drive those', white
-Madame, I'd like to do any
thing to oblige you, but care and deliber
ation are necessary in these matters. We
miist take time. We must move slowly,
nofc bnU in
S. B. A. Oh, fudge ! Why don't you
do 80Iuething , if yGu re President, why
be Pregident ? cbief j h
White man got ray land.
g. B. AWhite man, go away from
WhUe ManL(Uses language to S. B. A.
which cannot be printed.)
SnsMii to Mr. Haves There I do von
, tha(. f wilf you the Pre8ident of
teae UnUed Stateg gjt -d or gtand
Qr gt aU(1 heaf mch language as
ugC(l tQ lueft re8pectal)le woman
by such a nasty, dirty, low, vulgar, gieasv,
fonl.ntout.ie(lj bulking, thieving, lazy,
good.for.not,llng loafer bummer, tramp,
. murderer, thief, robber, as that?
Hey, (rtampB heP. foot aud whacks the
table with her umbersoll).
Mr. II. Really. Madame, you sec I am
placed that is, I have no power to re
move these countrymen of mine with
out S. 1? A. Power! Ain't you President?
Or ain't you ? O, I wish T was President
of this country for about five minutes.
Injin, what do you want?
Ponca Chief White man got my land,
horse, cow, farm, school -house. Gib me
tin medal for 'em. No good. Want 'em
S. B. A. Now, Mr. Hayes, can't you
do this poor Indian justice?
Mr. H. But, Susan, you can't do in
these matters just what you want. Now,
Susan, do lc quiet. Your back hair is all
a cotnin' down. You've broke your tim
brel 1. Here's Mr. Schurz. He'll tell yon
all about the Poncas.
S. B. A. Well, Schurz, will yon stand
by me and see this injustice done ?
Schurz Vat vas der matter?
S. K. A. Matter? Why that Ponca
Schurz Yaw! Susan, we trinks zwie
lager togedder, and talks era over a
S. B. A. Beer ! beer for me ! Mc swill
beer, like a lazv, good-for-nothing Dutch
man, (here the Cabinet (fonncil breaks
EAGER TO GET into THE MINISTRY.
(Froin the N. Y. Sim.)
Bishop Foster of the Methodist Church
lately made a very remarkable aud sug
gestive statement. He said that the con
ferences of his denomination were crowd
ed at the present time with applications
from young men desirous of entering its
ministry. There are now more than two
thousand of these, and the church does not
need so many new preachers.
It seems, too, that the pressure is great
est in New England, where the salaries
are larger than in other parts of the coun
try. The inference we are forced to draw
from this fact is that, other ways of mak
ing a living having given out, unemploy
ed young church members have made up
their minds to try pleaching as a means
of support, and that they prefer to seek
places where the pay is the best.
We do not know whether other religious
denominations are beset in the same man
ner as the Methodist, but it is not unlike
ly that they are now gettiug more appli
cations than formerly for the privilege of
preaching their doctriues. We certainly
do not see of late so many urgent calls
upon young men to choose the profession
of the miuistry as used to appear in their
organs. In the old days it was hard to
get enough of them to supply the demand,
and the theological schoolsvinonrned their
The ZiotCs Herald, a Methodist -paper,
speaks kindly to the throng of aspirants
for ministerkJ fuuetions, compassionates
them ou their ill luck in not getting the
places they seek, and advises . them,
while they are waiting for vacancies, to
secure a thorugh ministerial education,
Probably, however, they are not able to
wait. What they wish is immediate em-
j u r i . ...
ploymeut, and they fancy that that of the
ministry is the most desirable which now
There is much food for reflection in the
statement of Bishop Foster and tho con
dition of things it implies. "
It ia stated that ia Southern California
men outnumber the women ten to one,
and that several ship loads of marriageable
women could be marketed right off.
ENGLAXD ON SEA AND SHORE.
The official report of the strength of the
British navy for 1878 shows that there
are in commission 297 ships-of war, with
2,647,guns, aggregating 874,203 tons, and
steam power equivalent to 570,806 horses.
There are also steam gun -hosts, with
from one to fotir guus each, aggregating
26,034 tons and 22,247 horse powers: 31
Biraot vessels in tne, uaroor service;
sailing' ships, 'nine of them armor plated;
29 coal ships? 15 reeMng4 shtps'and tllZ
training shfp's eongtgriaiernirsand1
19 coast iinW' wftieti vessel!' Theii'avtiY
utretith; therefore Is WTese?s of -915
500 roos'burtheBTYth fipW gaus,' iintl
steam power equivalent to 603,443 horses'.'
Sirty-fourof tliese1 vessel 5 afe powerful
iron-clads1. Tnefigtires' wer takefrdnV
the" FinrtnclaT- ileform' Almanac 5 for fM?
the numbers stated go, it appears that we
have an Admiral for each of the 297 ves
sels in commission, with 35 to spare for
receiving, store, training and surveying
ships, dispatch and tug vessels, yachts,
etc., and 43 more than one for every two
of the 579, including coal depots, chapels,
hospitals and reformatories. There is a
similar glut with regard to the army. Of
Generals, counting those on the active list
only, there is one'for every two of the 151
regiments, with 20J to spare. There is a'
Lieutenant Colonel for each of them, with
three over, and for every regiment
there are three Major Generals within 18,
six Colouels with 19 over fifteen, Lieuten
ant Colonels with 44 over, and uine Ma
jors with 116 to spare. Proiortionately,
therefore, if not actually, we are more
abundantly supplied with officers than
even the great military lowers of the
Continent. Of regular troops we have
151 regiments; of militia, 'yeomanry and
volunteers, 43d regiments, making a total
of 639 regiments, to say nothing of- pen
sioners aud reserves. We have also a sea
force more powerful than that of any two
other naval powers, and the advantage of
an insular position instead of open fron
tiers. Wc are in a state of profound pcuee
with the world, and may so continue if
we please. Yet, notwithstanding all this,
there are persons among ns who believe,
effect to believe that there is nothing to
prevent the landing of a hostile force of
100,000 men upon our shores in a single
night, and that there will be no safety for
us until every ablebodicd man among us
is trained to arms."
These views and figures are of interest
just now when the British Govern mentis
on the verge of declaring war against
Russhi to avenge the wounded honor of
the nation and protect "British interests."
The strength of England is herTiavy, yet
the invention of the Whitehead torpedo,
with its awfully swift and destructive
power, seems to make the most potent
iron-clad fleet in the world as helpless as
so many-birch-bark canoes. Mr. Ward
Hunt, the Naval Secretary, has himself
declared that this vast array of vessels is
but a phantom navy." Of the half mil
lion of men on paper, Euglish military
authorities say that it would le exceed
ingly difficult to put one hundred thou
sand men in the field, with proper equip
ments, under two or three months. In the
event of war with Rnssia, the item of
transportation would be a very heavy one
for England. The voyage to the Dar
danelles requires three weeks, and an at
tack by way of the Baltic would be quite
impracticable. The Danes have, in fact,
already announced that they are prepared
to plant torpedoes in the Sound, the nar
row strait between the Baltic and' the
North ea, at twenty-four hours' notice
WAIVER OF THE VIRGINIA HOME
On last Thursday Judge Christian de
livered the opinion of the Court of Ap
peals of Virginia in the case of Read vs
the Union Bank of Winchester, wherein i
the court unanimously decided that the
statute allowing the homestead exemption
to be waived was constitutional. The
case was this: The Union Bank of Win
chester having discounted some notes
made by Read, which contained a waiver
of homestead, brought suits on notes and
recovered judgments. The bank then
filed a bill in chancery to subject' Read's
real estate to the satisfactiou'bf the judg-
ments. Pending this suit. Read execn-
i ted and recorded a deed of homestead, and
' thereupon the wife of Read cttme iu and
filed a petition, setting forth the above
' facts, and claiming that under the const!
tntion Read could not" waive the rights of
1 the family in the homestead exemption,
j and praying that the real estate embraced
' in the declaration of homestead might be
' sold for the satisfaction of the judgments
, which had been recovered agaiust Read,
j But the court below dismissed her peti-
' tion, aud decreed the land to be sold, and
. the Court of Appeals .affirmed that decree,
j The opinion proceeded upon the gronnd
that the right to the homestead exemption
8 P ?TueK8 "s-
holder may waive, and that the statute
auowing the waiver is therefore not in
conflict with the constitution.
Bine and Gray on the Same Footing.
Both the Senate and the House Com
mittees on Pensions have now concurred
in recommending that the names of all
pensioners stricken from the rolls on ac-
count of alleged disloyaly during the pe-
riod of the late war shall be restored.
THE CHUFA EXERTirfeNT?Bul U
Two years ago we'rjbreseJited an old
friend, Cornel uis 8tepen?of4Eij2itfon
iyn ueuii, uuiisijuu OTUUIJ.JVII.U B, email
lot of clip fa seed, and asked ,a iavqthat1
iMkWonld try them, aUheiuie tjiiie giv-
iug him a priuted drcjalat laa to . hoV te
plant aud cultivate. We reethiift at Jhe.
terday and askd.biiu jiow. he anV.ouf
with the cHufaiw His answer was verba-,
Uon as .follows i. L planted one .peck of
"W-QJP ue,acrt4 ofwhnari' wniL lantL
"I JXA " - -i ijLtsu wJ
I.a nh r IM. .. - -1 V-
The ch ufa patch Jcept jup, thirty headf
geesejind fifty head ofcliickens "njOO
now, 'aud I have to-day brought twenty
dozen eggs to market. I never sold any
eggs iu February before. Have plenty of
chufas in the patch; think there are seyj
eral bushels yet. I dug twelve bushels.
iMieign uoserver. 1 t
THE GEOLOGY OF NORTH CARO-.
, , LINA. . i
We learn that a course of lectures oil
the special geology of North Carolina, 4t
physicial geography, climatology, Sne.
will be delivered at the University, com"
mencing Febnary 18th, by the State.
Geologist, Professor Kerr. This is under
the maudate of an act onhe Legislatnre .
tlie object being to stimulate the study of
the resources of oufState. North-1' Catt
lina has hid in her bosom vast treasure
of minerals and ores, not only nndevelop
d but absolntelj- unknown. ' '"" "'
It is hopc-d that our young men from all
sections may bernduced by this speeial
instruction of an accomplished lecturer to
take greater interest in their own States
and be stirred up to discover and develop
those resources. . ' V
The students in the Department of
Natural History having just finished
general geology under Prof. Simonds, are
prepared to appreciate and profit by this
instruction. . . .t ;
In consequence of the great pressure on
Professor Kerr's time the Faculty have
arranged for him to complete his lectures
in about a fortnight HaleUjh Xews, '
Galveston Xews: The oldest woman in
the world is Eulalia Perez, -now living "Iu
Los Angeles, Cal. She is 140 vears old
v - ,
and still uses her needle, having sent a-
jiiece of embroidery to a church fair about
two years ago. Her age is well autfientv
cated, as it is on record that when tne"
church of the Mission of St. Gabriel was
built in 1771, she was a -Quarried woman
aud the mother of several children, '
The for mei private secretary of Pfes-
identPolk has been discovered, old aud
poor, in Santa Fe. He knew'lAhdrew
Jackson, and desefbes an incident, that
happened while he was staying at 'the
General's house, after the death ofTMfs,
Jackson. One morning he arose verv
early and started to walk toward the old
family cemetery." He approached rather
close to the grave of Mrs. Jackson, and
was surprised to find the General himself
kneeling over it. '. He retraced his foot
steps as soon as possible, but not too soon
for the quick eyeof the old soldier to Bee
htm. Afterwards he spoke to his visitor
about the matter, and said that the act in
which he had beheld him was no uncom
mon one. Every morning, he said t he
went to the gra vector he thought that the
proper place for him to conduct his relig
ious devotions was by the remains of hjs
wifejwho had been so dear to him, and
who had o great and o abiding a faith
in the graciousness of the Ruler of the
universe. ' ; i -
Law Against Flirting.
(From rue Petersburg Index-Appeal.) 4 l
Burke, in his History of VirgiuLa says:
"I find that the Governor -was obliged
Roon after to issue a proclamation forbid
ding women to contract themselves to two
several meu at one time. For women be
ing, yet scarce, aiid much iu request, this
offence was become very common; where
by great disquiet arose between parties
and no small trouble to the goverment.
1 1 was therefore ordered. That e very min -ister
should give notice iu his church that
what woman soever should use any word
or speech, tending to a .contract J'pf" mar
riage, to several persous atone time,,. al
though not precis and legal, yet so as
might entangle or breed scruple in their
conscience, should, for such their offence,
either undergo corporeal correction, or bo
punished by fine, or otherwise, according
to the quality of the person so offend-,
ing." . ' .' '..
DIDN'T HAVE ANYTHING AGI!f
The granger iu the Keutucy;AsembIy
means to tolerate the lawyeljweinV
This we gather from a masterly' speech of
a ruraPmemberj "I follow rgt icaltcral
pursuits, " said he, adding rather redatnj,
antly, "I am a farmer, and am iprond; ef
it. But I have nothing agaii ist u lawyers,
the class that my honorable friend repre
sent. I am likean-old Methodist preach
er who, w hen be went aronod to the mem
ber cf hi congreg:Uiori eaine .across an
old lady iu spectacles. . ?'Do ypu love;t4
Lord t" he asked. Weli," she sajn, pir
mi, I ain't got nothin agia him V9 '
' ;v ' fu.fc